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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Aug 2000
Volume 16, Issue 6 - Jun 2000
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Jun 2000
Volume 16, Issue 5 - May 2000
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Apr 2000
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Feb 2000
Volume 6, Issue 6 - 00 2000
Volume 6, Issue 5 - 00 2000
Volume 6, Issue 4 - 00 2000
Volume 6, Issue 3 - 00 2000
Volume 16, Issue E - 00 2000
Volume 16, Issue E2 - 00 2000
Selecting the target year
Experimental and Numerical Study of Aerosol Coagulation by Gravitation
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 16, issue 1, 2000, Pages 1~10
The behavior of aerosos due to gravitational coagulation was studied experimentally and numerically. In experimental study, the geometric mean particel size increased as time elapsed in a vertical tube column, while the size decreased when the tube was set horizontally. The particle size distribution was observed to maintain the lognormal form during the coagulation process. Separately, numerical calculations were performed for studying the aerosol behavior under gravitational and Brownian coagulation using the moment method. By comparing the expeimented results with the numerical predictions, the governing mechanism of the aerosol behavior proved to be gravitational coagulation.
A Preliminary Statistical Stduy of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Inorganic Elements Data for Extimation Ambient PM-10 Sources -Near the Huge Young-Tong Construction Area during Feb. 1996 to June 1996-
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 16, issue 1, 2000, Pages 11~22
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons(PAHs) have known as potentially hazardous air pollutants(HAPs0 to human health because of its carcinogenic and mutagenic behaviors. The purpose of this study was to determine the level of 6 PAHs(Fluoranthene, Pyrene, Benzo[a]anthracene, Chrysene, Benzo[b]fluoranthene, and Benzo[a]pyrene) as well as 10 inorganic elements(Cr, Na, K, Zn, Pb, Fe, Cu, Ti, Al and Cd) in the ambient PM-10. The total of 115 samples had been collected from February, 1996 to June, 1996 on quartz fiber by a PM-10 high volume air sampler near the Yong-Tong Apartment complexes. A statistical analysis was performed for the PAHs and inorganic elements data set using a principal component analysis in order to identify qualitatively the potential sources of PM-10. A total of 6 principal components were separated by intensive data pretrement and transformation processes, such as soil, refuse incineration, oil burning, coal burning, field burning, vehicle emission sources. The results showed that PAHs were associated with various burning activities like refuse and field burning, coal burning, and oil burning emissions in the study area. These derived sources were well matched with the previously known source profiles in terms of compositonal order and level of measured species. The combination data set consisted of both organic and inorganic species might provide more powerful source signature and might increase the number of potentially derived sources than PAHs or inorganic data alone.
A Study on the Characteristics of
and Air-borne Metallic Elements Produced in the Industrial City
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 16, issue 1, 2000, Pages 23~35
PM10, which is below 10
in a diameter, has a high deposition in the lung or the bronchus by breathing and is generally composed of a lot of organic matters, viruses, algae, mold, and metallic elements that are very toxic to people. This study identified the characteristics of concentration of PM10 and air-borne jmetallic elements produced in the industrial city, Ulsan, and analyzed the correlatuion between sources and generation patterns of PM10 and metallic elements. We classified the five areas(green, residential, heavy traffic, mechanic, and petrochemcal and non-ferrous metal) which might have different characteristics of sources of PM10 and metallic elements. The average concentrations of PM10 in the five areas were as follows(petrochemical and non-ferrous metal(99.9
/㎥)). Those of petrochemical and non-ferrous metal areas were higher than other areas. In this study, the average concentration trend of metallic elements contained in PM10 are shown as follows: Fe>Zn>Pb>Cu>Mn>Cr>As>Cd>Sn>Hg, respectively. The metallic elements identified in PM10 showed the highest concentration in the petrochemical and non-ferrous areas. Metal combinations showed that a high correlation among concentrations of heavy metals were as follows: As, Cd and Fe in the residential area; Zn, Mn, Cu and Pb in the mechanical area; and Zn, Cu, As, Pb in the petrochemical and non-ferrous industrial area.
Study on Estimation of Urban Anthropogenic Heat Generation
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 16, issue 1, 2000, Pages 37~47
The Urban thermal environment is influenced and modified in many ways. One modification is brought by the anthropogenic heat generation emitted from the combustion processes and the use of energy such as industrial, domestic and traffic procedure. The anthropogenic heat generation affect an the increase of urban temperature, the well-known urban heat islands. The study on the urban thermal environment needs a great deal of the statistic data about the inner-structure of urban, the contribution of different constructions and the traffic amount on urban thermal environment in finite region. In order to overtake a quantitative analysis of effect of the anthropogenic heat, a distribution map of the urban anthropogenic heat was made using hte data of the energy consumption used at the several constructions and traffic amount of vehicles in Pusan Metropolitan. Annual mean heat flux over the 4
urbanized area in Pusan is 41.5W/
, ranging from 31.4W/
in summertime to 59.5W/
in wintertime and maximum diurnal anthropogenic heat generation is corresponding to 10% of irradiance during summertime.
Diurnal Variabilities of Atmospheric Mercury Distribution and Its Relationship with Sink Mechanism
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 16, issue 1, 2000, Pages 49~60
The concentration of atmospheric mercury(Hg0 and relevent environmental parameters that include both meteorological and criteria pollutant data were dtermined at hourly intervals during two field campaigns covering the periods of September 1997 and May/June 1998. The mean concentrations of Hg for the two study periods were computed as 3.94 and 3.43ngm-3, respectively. Through a separation of these data into both daytime and nighttime periods, we further analyzed diurnal variation patterns for Hg between two different seasons. Using our Hg data sets, we were able to recognize two contrasting diurnal variation patterns of Hg between two diffeerent seasons that can be characterized as: (1) the occurrences of peak Hg concentration during daytime(fall0 and (2) slight reductions in daytime Hg concentration relative to nighttiime Hg data(summer). To study the systematic differences in diurnal patterns between two different seasons, we analyzed Hg data in terms of different statistical approaches such as correlation(and linear regression0 and factor analysis. Results of these analyses consistently indicated that different mechanisms were responsible for controlling the daytime distribution patterns of Hg. The variation of boundary layer conditions betwen day/night periods may have been important in introducing the relative reduction in daytime Hg levels during summer. However, when the relationship between Hg and concurrently determined O3 is concerned, these differences are unlikely to be an effective sink mechanism within the ranges of ozone concentrations determined concurrently during this study, regardless of season. To further provide the general account for short-term variations in Hg distribution data, we should be able to describe the various factors underlying its sink mechanism.
Hydrogen Peroxide Concentrations in Air in Seoul
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 16, issue 1, 2000, Pages 61~68
Gas-phase hydrogen peroxide(H2O2) concentrations were measured to investigate it's distribution in the ambient air in downtown Seoul(Kwanghwamum and Mullae-dong). These measurements were made during four season, from April 30, 1998 to January 29, 1999, using Cold Trap and HPLC. Measurements were also made of other photochemical oxidants and trace gases(O3, NO2, CO and SO2) and meteorological parameters(relative humidity, temperature, solar radiation and wind speed). The mean of all observations was 0.10 ppbv and the range measured was below the level of detection(>0.01 ppbv) to 0.47ppbv. The higher seasonal mean concentrations showed during the summer(0.21 ppbv) and concentrations of H2O2 showed a diurnal variation with maximum concentrations in the afternoon(12:30∼14:00). The results from the corrrelation analysis showed that the concentration of gaseous H2O2 is strongly dependent on the other air pollutants(NO2, CO and O3) and meteorological parameters(relative humidity, temperature and solar radiation.)
Proficiency Test for Anions and Metal Ions in Aqueous Solution
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 16, issue 1, 2000, Pages 69~77
This paper summerizes the results of the first proficiency testing program for achieving the analytical quality assurance of anions and metal ions in air borne particles in Korea. This program covered the chemical testing of anions(Cl-, NO3-, SO42-) and metals(Fe, Pb, Zn) in qeueous solution. The exercies was conducted by the Measurement & Analysis Committee of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment(KOSAE). Pilot lab. was Division of Chemical Metrology and Materais Evaluation in Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science(KRISS). A total of 11 laboratories participated in the program. Two samples of 100mL in low density polyehylene bottles were supplied to participating laboratories. The proficiency testing results were interpreted by two graphical methods, Youden polt and x-Charts(control chart).
A Comparative Study for Odor Control Regulations
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 16, issue 1, 2000, Pages 79~87
This study analyzed the regulations concerning odor management or control in Korea, Japan, and developed countries such as USA and Germany. The Korean restriction standards and measurement methods for offensive odor substances are very similar to the Japanese standards and methods promulgated in 1976. Japan promulgated the odor control act and the specific measurement methods of the offensive odor substances in 1973. In Japan, currently, the local governments can establish their own odor restriction areas and proclaim their own standards suitable for their situations. Also, Japan has more strict regulations and more offensive odor substances to be monitored than Korea. The restriction standards of odor in German is quite similar to the permissible limits and standards of air pollutants at emission sources in Korea. Many states in USA are adopting their own restriction standards and measurement methods, e.q., the ambient air pollution standards, organic functionstest methods by dilation, and establishment and addition of air pollution control equipment at emission sources. Finally, this study analyzed the problems of the regulations, standards, and measurement methods concerning the Korean offensive odor management. Since the direct organic fuctions measurement(DOFMM) method is depending upon the personal sensitives of odor substances, the measurement odor value can be equivocal. That is, the odor measurement value by an examines can differ from that by the other examines. Also, there can be conflicts with the measured odor values depending upon the applied measurement methods, e.q., the DOFMM, the dilation method, and the instrumental analysis method.