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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 6 - Dec 2002
Volume 18, Issue 5 - Oct 2002
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Aug 2002
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Jun 2002
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Apr 2002
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Feb 2002
Volume 8, Issue 6 - 00 2002
Volume 8, Issue 5 - 00 2002
Volume 8, Issue 2 - 00 2002
Volume 18, Issue E4 - 00 2002
Volume 18, Issue E3 - 00 2002
Volume 18, Issue E2 - 00 2002
Volume 18, Issue E1 - 00 2002
Selecting the target year
NO Removal Efficiency by Pulsed Corona Discharge Process at Room Temperature
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 18, issue 5, 2002, Pages 337~344
In this study, we analyzed the NO removal efficiency by the pulsed corona discharge process and investigated the effects of several process variables such as initial concentrations of NO,
, and NH
, applied voltage, pulse frequency, diameter of the discharge electrode, and residence time. The removal efficiency of NO increased by the addition of
, but the changes of initial NH
concentrations did not affect the removal efficiency of NO significantly. With the increases of the applied voltage or the residence time, the removal efficiency of NO increased. In addition, with the increases of the pulse frequency of applied voltage, or the diameter of the discharge electrode, the removal efficiency of NO increased. The experimental results can be used as a basis to design the pulsed corona discharge process to remove NO
Collection Efficiency of Electrostatic Precipitator using Moment Method
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 18, issue 5, 2002, Pages 345~353
A study of polydispersed aerosol dynamics by Electrostatic Precipitator (ESP) was carried out. The log-normal particle size distribution was assumed and moment method was considered. In order to apply moment method in Deutsch-Anderson equation, Cunningham slip correction factor and Cochet's charge equation were simplified for certain range of particle size. The three parameters, which explain the particle size distribution, such as total number concentration, geometric mean diameter, and geometric standard deviation were considered to derive the analytic solution. The obtained solution was compared with available numerical results (Bai et al., 1995). The comparison of the numerical and analytic results showed a good agreement.
Evaluation of Uncertainties in the Measurement of Ambient NO
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 18, issue 5, 2002, Pages 355~362
There has been relatively a few studies that focused on evaluation of uncertainty for standard methods by which criteria pollutants are analyzed in ambient air. Especially, uncertainty evaluation has not been made yet for sampling and analysis of airborne NO
. Ambient NO
has been thought to be a major criteria pollutant worldwide because of the potential of ozone formation as well as of its own toxicity. In this study, we tried to assess uncertainties associated with the every step of sampling and of analytical procedure of Griess-Saltzman method. Quality assurance (QA) and quality control (QC) were also emphasized with the uncertainty characterization. The use of Griess-Saltzman method for ambient NO
analysis showed very uniform daily concentration distribution with the mean of 10.8 ppb and the standard deviation of 1.08ppb during the sampling period. However, seven daily samples collected at the same sampling time and place exhibited highly different concentration distribution. Therefore, we evaluated uncertainties associated with sampling and analysis through the precise application of ISO Guide. Estimates of expanded uncertainties for a total of 62 samples fell in a relatively broad range of 5.17% to 11.85%. On the other hand. the expanded uncertainties were smaller for the high concentration range of greater than 15ppb.
Trace Elements Characterization of PM
in Seoul Area
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 18, issue 5, 2002, Pages 363~372
aerosols were collected using low volume air sampler every month intervals from September 1992 to August 1991 in Seoul. These samples were analyzed for 20 trace elements (Al, As, Ba, Br, Ca, Cl, Co, Cr, Fe, K, Mn, Na, Ni, Pb, Sc, Se, Si, Ti, V and Zn) by INAA (instrumental neutron activation analysis), XRF (x-ray fuorescence spectrometer), and ICP (inductively coupled plasma). PM
mass concentrations higher than 70
were 32% of 60 samples and had significantly higher concentrations in spring and winter than in summer and fall (p-value<0.001). The elements of As, Br, Cl, Ni, Pb, Se, V, and Zn are enriched by factors of 20 to 2,000 relative to their natural abundance in crustal soil. To further identify common sources of pollution-related trace elements, factor analysis was applied to the trace elements concentration data. Major sources that contribute to the atmospheric loading of these elements were found to include fossil fuel combustion, automobile and waste incineration (33.2%), metal processing industry (18.2%), and soil(29.8%).8%).
Risk Assessment of Indoor Pollution by BTEX Released from Groundwater
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 18, issue 5, 2002, Pages 373~381
Benzene, Ethyl-benzene, Toluene and Xylene (BTEX) can be released to a groundwater in case of the oil leakage from underground storage tank of a gas station. These chemicals are found to contribute to the total inhalation risk from contaminated indoor air. This study presents the assessment of a human exposure to such chemicals released from the groundwater into indoor air. At first, a 2-compartment model is developed to describe the transfer and distribution of the chemicals released from groundwater in a house through showering, washing clothes, and flushing toilets. The model is used to estimate a daily human exposure through inhalation of such BTEX for adults based on two sets of exposure scenarios. Finally, a sensitivity analysis is used to identify important parameters. The results obtained from the study would help to increase the understanding of risk assessment issues associated with the indoor pollution by BTEX released from contaminated groundwater.
A Study of Ozone Passive Sampler(I)-Sensitivity on Filter Substrate
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 18, issue 5, 2002, Pages 383~391
Six types of ozone passive samplers were fabricated with three different filter substrates and two colorants, and tested for their feasibility on atmospheric monitoring. These passive samplers are based on a colorant which fades (indigo carmine and ChromAir (K&M environmental Inc.)) or produces color (mixture of 3-methyl-2-benzothiazolinone acetone azine and 2-phenylphenol colorant) upon reaction with ozone, whose concentration can be determined by reflectance measurement of the color change. Three filters, namely Whatman No.1 paper, SG81 chromatography paper and Silica Gel coated on polyester (TLC Plates), were prepared and coated with two colorants. The response of these passive samplers in ozone chamber were tested and compared with ChromAir (K&M environmental Inc.) passive sampler. The response of Silica Gel filter impregnated with indigo carmine was the best at the constant concentration exposure.
A Study on Separation Distance between Industrial Source and Residential Areas to Avoid Odor Annoyance Using AUSPLUME Model
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 18, issue 5, 2002, Pages 393~400
Separation distance between industrial source and residential areas to avoid odor annoyance was investigated using AUSPLUME model. A Gaussian plume model (AUSPLUME) for the dispersion was used to calculate odor emission from ground level area source. Using the dispersion model to calculate ambient odor concentrations, the separation distance between industrial source and residental areas was defined by %HA (percentage of highly annoyed person) and odor percentile concentration (C98). The result was compared with the separation distance of various nation guidelines for livestock buildings. The calculated separation distance for industrial source showed similar pattern comparing with various guidelines for livestock buildings.
Numerical Study for the Design of Biogas-fired Low Emission Cyclone Incinerator
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 18, issue 5, 2002, Pages 401~410
Concerns for energy conservation, environmental pollution, and the fact that organic wastes account for a major portion of our waste materials, have created the interest of biogas, which usually contains about 60 to 70 percent methane, 30 to 40 percent carbon dioxide, and other gases, including ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, mercaptans and other noxious gases. Cyclone combustors are used for homing a wide range of fuels such as low calorific value gas, waste water, sludge. coal, etc. The 3-dimensional swirling flow, combustion and emission in a tangential inlet cyclone incinerator under different inlet conditions are simulated using a standard k-s turbulence model and ESCRS (Extended Simple Chemically-Reacting System) model. The commercial code Phoenics Ver.3.4 was used for the present work. The main parameters considered in this work are inlet velocity and air to fuel ratio. The results showed that the change of operating conditions had an influence on the shape and size of recirculation zones, mixture fraction and axial velocity which are important factors for combustion efficiency and emission behavior. The application of this kind of computer program seams to be promising as a potential tool for the optimum design of a cyclone combustor with low emission.
Characteristics of Exhaust Emissions Reduction by Oxidation Catalyst for Light-duty Diesel Engine
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 18, issue 5, 2002, Pages 411~417
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the emission reduction characteristics depending on the formation of the catalyst which influences the development of the diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC) suitable for small-sized diesel engines. We also attempted to suggest the feasibility of it as an after-treatment device. The reduction efficiency of DOC for CO and HC was proportional to the contents of precious metals, and the particulate matter (PM) has been reduced as much as 53∼59%. The reduction rate of soluble organic fraction (SOF) by DOC attachment revealed 100%. The composition of sulfate in PM increased from 3%, 7∼11% by installation of DOC. It is described that increase of sulfate contributed to the production of PM. This result also showed that the SOF and sulfate have trade-off relationship.
Insights into the Factors Determining the Aerosol Distribution Characteristics of the Asian Dust on the Basis of the Concurrent Analysis of PM2.5, PM10, and TSP During the Spring Season of 2001
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 18, issue 5, 2002, Pages 419~426
The concentrations of three different fractions of particulate matters including PM2.5, PM10, and TSP were compared between the Asian Dust (AD) and non-AD (NAD) periods during the spring season of 2001. For the purpose of this comparative analysis, the data sets were obtained from four different observatory sites located within the city boundary of Seoul that concurrently measure those three fractions of PM at hourly intervals. According to our study, several conclusions can be drawn to describe relationships between the AD event and PM distribution characteristics. First of all, it is apparent that the concentrations of PM are distinctively distinguished between AD and NAD. If the extent of contribution to the AD events are assessed on the quantitative basis, it appears that their magnitude increases on the order of PM2.5, PM10, and TSP. As a result, the increase of PM observed during AD event is dominated by the coarse rather than fine fraction of PM. Moreover, when their relationships were assessed in terms of fractional ratios, it was found that TSP/PM10 ratios were almost constant, regardless of the occurrences of AD. On the other hand, the coarse/fine or TSP/PM2.5 ratios changed dramatically between AD and NAD periods. The results of our analysis cleary distinguishes quantitative role of each PM fraction between AD and NAD period, while suggesting indirectly the possible control of source processes on such relationships.
On the Optimum Ozone Control Strategy in Seoul: Case Studies Using OZIPR
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 18, issue 5, 2002, Pages 427~433
In this discussion, an optimum ozone control strategy for the city of Seoul is discussed based on the OZIPR simulation results for three cases. It is claimed that, for the periods we have simulated, it is best to decrease VOCs emissions and increase NO
emissions to reduce the ambient maximum ozone concentration.n.