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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Dec 1993
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Sep 1993
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Jun 1993
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Mar 1993
Volume 9, Issue E - 00 1993
Selecting the target year
Determination of Pb and Cd in Rain Waters by the Coprecipitation Pre-concentration technique
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 9, issue 4, 1993, Pages 265~270
Trace amount of heavy metals in rain waters were determined after preconcentration by coprecipitaion technique. Indium was selected as a coprecipitating reagent and concentrated heavy metals were analyzed by a conventional AA spectrometer. Two areas, Cheng-Won and Tae-Ahn, were selected and comparison. The concentrations of Pb and Cd in Cheong-Won (raural) area were 14.3 .pm. 8.0 ppb and 2.77 .pm. 5.37 ppb, respectively. These values are higher than those of Tae-Ahn, which indicates that even a rural area is polluted by a nearly industrial area (Cheong-Ju). The isotope ratios of lead in rainwaters were very similar to theos of aerosol particles.
Concentration Distributions and A Reduction Strategy of Airborne Radon in Seoul Metropolitan Subway Stations
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 9, issue 4, 1993, Pages 271~277
Indoor radon has been known as one of the notorious carcinogens. However, a safe environmental criterion of radon has not yet been established in Korea, The main objectives of this study were to study concentration distributions of radon, to trace radon sources in subways, and to obtain a strategy for radon reduction in Seoul metropolitan area. Radon concentrations had been extensively determined by several steps. The first step was to survey radon levels in all of 83 subway stations from October to November in 1991. The second step was to select 40 out of 83 stations and then to study seasonal variations in 1991 and 1992. The third step was to monitor radon levels by hourly-basis plans. The fourth step was to seek a radon reduction strategy by altering ventilation at Ankuk station where had the highest radon concentration during the first measurement step. Each underground floor in the station was divided into 10 sites to measure hourly radon variations. The final step of the study was to measure radon concentrations in groundwater that is one of the possible main sources radon place. The result of the various measuring approaches showed short-and long-term radon variation and indicated radon reduction schemes.
Multivariate Analysis for Classification of Smog Type during the Summer Season in Seoul, Korea
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 9, issue 4, 1993, Pages 278~287
In order to calssify smog type durnig the summer season in Seoul, air Quality and meterorological data were analyzed by multivariate analysis. Among 15 variables relating to visibility, 10 variables were selected by multiple regression analysis for clustering of smog types; total suspended particle, sulfur dioxide, ozone, ntrogen dioxide, total hydrocarbon, south-north wind component, ralative humidity, precipitable water, mixing height and air temperature. Somg types were grouped into three clusters using cubic clustering criterion and the mumbers of days in each cluster were contained 74, 28 and 16 days. Each cluster was seperated clearly by sulfur dioxide, precipitable water and air teperature. The first cluster was representative of high ozone concentration and prevailing meterological conditions for ozone formation. Therefore, visibility in the first cluster was considered to be affected by photochemical smog. The third cluster showed characteristics of sulphurous smog type due to the higher concentration of primary pollutant, based on the dry condition than that in another cluster. On the other hand, the characteristic of the second cluster was not relatively clear, but considered to be in an intermediate characteristic between photochemical smog and sulphurous smog type.
Removal of S
and NO by Dry Sorbent(II) - Efficiency of Cu-Ce and Cu-7Al -
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 9, issue 4, 1993, Pages 288~294
Flue gas control systems for small-scale combustors must be designed to provide highly effective removal of three criteria pollutants (S
and particulate matter), and must be safe, reliable and small. These requirements make dry, regenerative clean-up process particularly attractive and this paper describes a new concept for integrated pollutant control : a filter comprised of layered, gas permeable membranes that act as an S
sorbant, a N
reduction catalyst and a particulate filter. A mixed metal oxide sorbent, Cu-Ce was used as a sorbent/catalyst and the activity was compared with Cu-7Al. The S
removal eficiency of Cu-Ce was increased with temperature increase up to 500
C and the catalytic activity for NO was higher than that of Cu-7Al. By the sulfation of Cu-Ce, the reduction activity was increased at the temperature higher than 350
C. The regeneration of Cu-Ce was very fast and some amount of elemental sulfar was found.
An experimental investigaion of dispersion around cavity region in water channel
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 9, issue 4, 1993, Pages 295~302
The nature of the cavity region and dispersion around trianglular ridge was investigated using model. The artifical neutral boundary layer was simulated in water channel. Two dimensional trianglar ridges, having height of 1.2 cm and various width were placed normal to the flow. Mean velocity with many dimensionless parameters were measured and compared with wind tunnel results by other studies. Using vorticity generator and roughness, the neutral boundary layer was well represented by the water channel. concentration patterns resulting from dye source placed 0.2 cm height above were examined. Narrower the trianglar ridge width resulted in increased amplification factor and the larges amplification factor was observed near downward top of the ridge.
Aspects of Urban Heat Island and Its's Effect on Air Pollution Concentration in Chunchon Area
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 9, issue 4, 1993, Pages 303~309
An observational study of urban heat island was carried out using field data obatined during 6 days in May and August 1992 in Chunchon(population size 180.000). Air temperature was measured at 64 points along two sampling ruoutes by themisters attached to cars. Both routes cover urban and rural area and across the cneter of urban area. Continuous observation of air sonde was perfomed to clarify heights of nocturnal boundary layer(NBL) at the center of urban area. Surface meteorological observations were performed at both urban and rural sites. This study showed that heat island phenomena was obviously observed at the urbanized area during the night time with low wind speed. The average NBL heights exteded to about 10 meters, but varied with meteorological conditions. After sunset, the air temperature decreased with time at both sites and cooling rate at the urban site was greater than the rural site. The maximum heat island intensity was 7.5
C at 21 LST, May 4. Usingthe two meteorological data sets obtained from urban and rural sites, the air pollutant concentration was calculated by Gaussian plume model which can obtain not only horizontal distribution of concentration but also vertical distribution. The result indicated that the concentration resulted from urban meteorological data set was lower than that from rural meteorological data set. It was also calculated that the air pollutant extended to higher level in urban meteorological data set than that in rural meteorological data set.
Measurements of Indoor and Outdoor Volatile Organic Compounds(VOCs) Concentrations in Ambient Air
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 9, issue 4, 1993, Pages 310~319
A pilot study was conducted in order to investigate the concentrations of indoor and outdoor VOCs (Volatile Organic Compounds) at ten homes and four building offices in Seoul during March-April, 1993. The five components of VOCs(Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene, o-Xylene, m/p-Xylene) were collected using charcoal tube and were analysed using Gas Chromatography(GC) with a Flame Ionization Detector(FID). The mean concentations of indoor VOCs were shown as Benzene of 38.9 .mu.g/m
. Toluene of 165.0 .mu.g/m
, Ethylbenzene of 21.7 .mu.g/m
, o-Xylene of 11.6 .mu.g/m
and m/p-Xylene of 29.3 .mu.g/m
, but those corresponding that indoor levels of VOCs were higher than corresponding outdoor levels. The ratio of indoor and outdoor VOCs were higher than corresponding outdoor levels. The ratio of indoor and outdoor VOCs concentrations was 0.99 for Benzene, 1.23 for Toluene, 5.86 for Ethylbenzene, 5.23 for o-Xylene, 2.41 for m/p-Xylene in homes, while 2.02 for Benzene, 1.15 for Toulene, 0.96 for Ethylbenzene, 1.41 for o-Xylene, 1.38 for m/p-Xylene in offices, respectively. The mean concentrations of VOCs in homes were higher than those levels in offices, while the mean concentration of VOCs during active hour of occupants in a day were higher 1-3 times than the levels during non-active hour. Comparing VOCs levels by building's age, the mean concentrations of Benzene, o-Xylene and m/p-Xylene were higher in new building than old building, but the mean concentrations of Toluene and Etylbenzene in new building were lower than old building. The mean concentrations in all components of VOCs in smoking area were higher than non-smoking area. These results suggested that the VOC levels were affected by various indoor characteristics and behavioral activity of occupants.
Measurements of Gaseous Pollutants in Major Tunnels in Seoul
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 9, issue 4, 1993, Pages 320~328
Gaseous pollutants in Namsan Nos. 1, 2, and 3 tunnels and Pukak tunnel were measured along the road by an air-monitoring van from the evening of February 9 to the morning of February 12 in 1993. Average concentrations of pollutants in Namsan tunnels were 9.2-13.5 ppm CO and 0.037-0.047 ppm SO
. Average concentrations of SO
in Pukak tunnel was 0.79 ppm, higher than those in Namsan tunnels, due to the traffic of heavy-duty buses and trucks. The pollutant concentrations in Namsan tunnesl could be explained by emission of passenger cars using unleaded gasolin and LPG taxies. Average concentration of NO
in Namsan tunnels was at least 1.1 ppm, estimated from the emission factor of pasenger cars using unleaded gasoline. Pollutant concentrations in Namsan No. 3 tunnel were higher at the exit because of the piston action of air mass in the tunnel provided by the traffic. Fans installed at Namsan and Pukak tunnes could be useful, but their flushing action of ambient air in the tunnel was not clearly observed.d.
A Study on the Long-Range Transport of Air Pollutans in the North East Asia
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 9, issue 4, 1993, Pages 329~339
Due to the global-convection currents, transboundary transport of air pollutants is widely observed in many regions of the world. This study was carried out to investigate the pattern of long-range transport of air pollutants in North East Asia, especially the impact of air pollutants originated in China and Japan on the air quality in Korea. From the meteorological data at the 850 mb surface from May 1986 through April 1987 at 54 obsevation stations in the North East Asia region, the backward and forward trajectories were calculated using interpolation method. And the contributions of pollution sources in neighbor countries to the air quality in Korea were analyzed. It was concluded that air pollution in China had a great influence on the air quality in Korea throughout the year : it could be transported to Korea just within 2 or 3 days most of the time. The trajectory analysis showed that pollution sources in Beijing. Liaoning Province, and Shandong Province, the most heavily industrialized areas in China., were the most influential for the air quality in Korea except for summer season. Durnig summer season, the air pollution in Shanhai and Japan could have moer influence on Korea. Such transboundary transport of air pollutants necessitate international cowork and cooperation in the region of North East Asia.