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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Physical Medicine
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 3, Issue 4 - Nov 2008
Volume 3, Issue 3 - Aug 2008
Volume 3, Issue 2 - May 2008
Volume 3, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
Selecting the target year
The Comparison of Trunk Repositioning Errors in Individuals with and without Low Back Pain at Different Postures
Yuk, Goon-Chang ; Han, Jin-Tae ; Shin, Hyun-Suk ; Lee, Ho-Geon ; Park, Rea-Joon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine , volume 3, issue 2, 2008, Pages 63~74
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to compare trunk repositioning errors between subjects with and without low back pain in sitting and standing. Methods : Total 81 participants were recruited who consisted of 41 subjects with low back pain and 40 normal subjects. The subjects were instructed to replicate the predetermined target positions of the trunk toward upright and
flexion in sitting and standing. During each of movement, digital inclinometer was used to measure the angular movement of
spinal process. Repositioning error was calculated as the absolute difference between the predetermined target positions and replicated target positions. Results : In subjects with low back pain, upright repositioning error was
in sitting and
in standing, and
flexion repositioning error was
in sitting and
in standing. In subjects without low back pain, upright repositioning error was
in sitting and
in standing, and flexion repositioning error was
in sitting and
in standing. It was demonstrated that flexion repositioning error increased significantly in standing position. In subjects with low back pain,
flexion repositioning error was significantly higher in standing than in sitting. Conclusion : The repositioning error of subjects with low back pain increased during flexion and it implies that some aspects of proprioception are decreased in subjects with low back pain. Therefore, it will be emphasis that a clinical trial to increase the trunk flexion stability of subjects with low back pain in standing.
Effect of Local Vibration on Quadriceps Femoris on Vertical Jump
Bang, Hyun-Soo ; Choen, Song-Hee ; Lee, Hyun-Min ; Heo, Gwang-Ho ; Kang, Jong-Ho ; Kim, Jin-Sang ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine , volume 3, issue 2, 2008, Pages 75~80
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of local vibration on quadriceps femoris on vertical jump Method : The subjects(40) were divided into man control group(10) woman control group(10) and man vibration group(10), woman vibration group(10). Vibration group was given vibration on quadriceps femoris for 15 minutes and control group was given resting for 15 minutes. All subjects of each group were tested on vertical jump then pre and post test. Results : 1. Man control group and woman control group vertical jump didn't have statistically difference pre and post test(p>0.05). 2. In the woman vibration group vertical jump didn't have significant difference pre and post test(p>0.05), but had significant difference in the man vibration group(p<0.05) Conclusion : Vibration on quadriceps femoris have an effect on vertical jump. Therefore, the vibration will be effective in treatment of muscle strength.
The Analysis of Ultrasonography on Hamstring after Static and PNF Stretching Protocol
Shim, Jae-Myoung ; Kim, Byoung-Sun ; Ha, Hae-Jeong ; Han, Sang-Yong ; Bae, Sung-Soo ; Kim, Chung-Sun ; Goo, Bong-Oh ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine , volume 3, issue 2, 2008, Pages 81~88
Objective : The purpose of this study was to analyze ultrasonography and 90-90 SLR test on hamstring after both groups were applied static stretching exercise and PNF stretching exercise. Methods : For this experimental study, total 20 healthy university students, who were divided into static stretching exercise group and PNF stretching group. Each group was assessed before and after stretching(0.5 minute, 1 minute, 1.5 minutes, 2 minutes, 2.5 minutes, 3 minutes, 4 minutes, 5 minutes, 6 minutes, 7 minutes, 8 minutes, 9 minutes, 10 minutes). Results : Total score of 90-90 SLR test was showed a significant difference between pre and post. Hamstring diameter was gradually increased to 2.5 minutes and 3 minutes, where after it was gradually decreased in static stretching exercise group. Hamstring circumference had regular interval scores before and after on PNF stretching exercise group. Conclusion : There was a different change on hamstring diameter and circumference.
Effect of Lower Extrimity on the Joint Therapy and Active Exercise of Ankle and Foot Complex
Hyong, In-Hyouk ; Bae, Sung-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine , volume 3, issue 2, 2008, Pages 89~96
Purpose : The study was to evaluate the effect of joint therapy and active exercise on balance and lower foot and ankle muscle MVIC in supination foot. Methods : The subjects of this study were 20. Subjects were 20 to 25(
) completed the study and participated three times a week for 4 weeks. Subjects were assessed by utilizing two different EMG MVIC. Results : The change in peroneus longus MVIC significant on pre-test and post test (p<.05). The not change in tibialis anterior, tibialis posterior, peroneus brevis MVIC on pre-test and post-test(p<.05). Conclusion : The study suggest that subtalar joint therapy and active exercise have a increase peroneus longus MVIC for supination foot. Therefore, the subtalar joint therapy and active exercise recommended for supination foot.
The Effect of Foot Bath on Blood Pressure Following Treadmill Exercise
Lee, Sang-Youl ; Lee, Myung-Hee ; Yun, Chang-Goo ; Bae, Sung-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine , volume 3, issue 2, 2008, Pages 97~102
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to find the effect of foot bath on blood pressure(BP) following treadmill exercise. Methode : Subject of study were forty healthy males without any cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, and neurologic diseases. Following twenty minutes walking at a speed of 5m/s on the treadmill, ten twenty subjects in experimental group received foot bath, on the dominant lower limb while sitting in chair. Foot bath was applied to the level of the lateral and medial malleoli keeping the temperature of the paraffin bath at
. Twenty subjects in control group took a rest sitting in chair in a comfortable position. BP was measured in right brachial artery. BP was measured five times(before exercise, immediately after exercise, 5 minutes, 10 minutes, and fifteen minutes after exercise). Results : The study showed that for diastolic blood pressure, there was no significant difference between the experimental and the control group. However, systolic blood pressure(SBP) increased significantly after exercise compared with SBP before exercise (p<.05). In addition, SBP in five minutes after exercise decreased significantly compared with SBP in immediately after exercise (p<.05). On the other hand, the control group had significant difference between SBP measured before exercise and SBP measured at the other measure time (p<.05). In five minutes after exercise, SBP in experimental group had significant difference with SBP in control group (p<.05). Similarly, in ten and fifteen minutes after exercise, SBP in experimental group had significantly difference with SBP in control group (p<.05). Conclusion : Consequently it was confirmed that when foot bath was applied, the increased BP induced by the exercise returned to normal range rapidly.
The Effects of Taping, AMCT, Combination Treatment on the Pain and Grip Strength in Patient with Lateral Epicondylitis
Kim, Eun-Young ; Ma, Sang-Yeol ; Gong, Won-Tae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine , volume 3, issue 2, 2008, Pages 103~112
Purpose : The Purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of taping and AMCT(activator methods chiropractic technique) on the pain and grip strength in patients with lateral epicondylitis. Methods : To study divided of three groups. Taping groups were apply to taping was attached from wrist joint to elbow joint lateral epicondly after maximun flexion. AMCT application was contact the posterior aspect of the proximal head of the radius. The line of drive is anterior and inferior. Next, contact the anterior aspect of the lunate by positioning the instrument on the volar aspect of the wrist. The line of drive is straight posterior. combination groups was treated using the taping and AMCT application. Result : 1. The pain was decreased on taping groups, AMCT groups and combination groups of all(p<.05). 2. Power grip was enhanced in taping groups, AMCT and combination groups(p<.05). but taping, AMCT, combination groups was no difference compared with after 1 week therapy(p>.05). 3. Compared with AMCT and taping therapy about pain decreased was AMCT groups better than taping groups(p<.05). 4. Compared with AMCT and taping therapy about power grip was AMCT groups better than taping groups(p<.05). 5. AMCT and combination groups was no difference compared with pain release and power grip after therapy(p>.05). Conclusion : AMCT groups therapy are more effect able than taping therapy for grip strength and pain reduction. Hence, AMCT groups therapy is most effect able for pain reduction with lateral epicondylitis patients.
The Bobath Approach for Walking Improvement on Child with Mental Retardation
Ro, Hyo-Lyun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine , volume 3, issue 2, 2008, Pages 113~119
Purpose : In this case report, we demonstrated the improvement of gait ability on the child who has mental retardation with incomplete gait pattern. Methods : The subject was a 4 years old boy with mental retardation. We applied the Bobath approach to the subject. Treatments included to facilitate trunk alignment and stability, and to train weight bearing and shifting, to facilitate pelvis posterior-anterior movement, and to train walk especially stance phase and assist up-down stairs locomotion in environment similar to actual daily life. It was performed 24 sessions for 12 weeks. Results : With this treatment, he could accomplish dynamic standing stability and he could independent walk at the out door after 12 weeks. In gross motor function measure(GMFM), total motor function was improved to 85.6% from 75.7%. Conclusion : The gait ability of child with mental retardation was improved by using the bobath approach.
A Study of Joint Therapy
Bae, Sung-Soo ; Lee, Myung-Hee ; Lee, Sang-Yeul ; Yoon, Chang-G. ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine , volume 3, issue 2, 2008, Pages 121~125
Purpose : The objective of this study was conducted to find out the treatment of joint problems. Methods : This is a literature study with books, seminar note and international course books. Results : Passive oscillation and distraction movement therapy is only joint mobilization and pain control. In the joint therapy need muscle strengthening, training of eccentrical control and neurophysiological therapy for joint mobility, stability, stability of mobility and skill. Conclusion : Joint therapy is not only joint mobility but also strengthening of soft tissue. Need the neurophysiological therapy those are use of ventromedial motor nucleus and dorsolateral motor nucleus, reciprocal inhibition, eccentrical muscle contraction training, proprioceptors and exteroceptor for structures and functional activities. For the pain control, reduce swelling, keeping GAGs and functional activities need direct and indirect therapy.
A Study of Foot Shape and Low Back Pain, Hip Abduction Muscle and Ankle Lateral Injury
Hyong, In-Hyouk ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine , volume 3, issue 2, 2008, Pages 127~133
Purpose : The purpose of this study was carried out to review the correlation between foot shape(supination foot, pronation foot) and low back pain, hip abduction muscle and ankle lateral sprain. Methods : By using internet, we research the PubMed, Science Direct, KISS, DBpia We selected the article between 1990 and 2007. Key words were supination foot, pronation foot, balance. Results : Normal control balance of human body needs a optimal anatomical alignment and function of musculoskeletal and central nerve system that control continuously to integrate. Especially ankle and foot complex play an important role in postural control because it is located distal part in human body. Supination foot brings to chronic ankle sprain or chronic ankle instability and range of motion limitation due to the weakness of lateral ankle muscle. Pronation foot brings to knee injury because of lower leg internal rotation force. Conclusion : Excessive supination and pronation foot happen to muscle imbalance. Especially weakness of hip abduction or injury of ankle lateral muscle or low back pain are due to abnormal balance and anatomical alignment.
The Effect of Body Weight Support Treadmill Training on Gait and Balance in Patient with Subacute Stroke
Jeong, Dae-Geun ; Lee, Hyun-Kee ; Lee, Sang-Yong ; Choi, Yong-Won ; Yoon, Chang-G. ; Bae, Sung-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine , volume 3, issue 2, 2008, Pages 135~144
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of body weight support treadmill training (BWSTT) and parallel bar gait training(P-bar) on gait and balance ability of subacute stroke patients. The subjects were consisted of 27 patients with subacute stroke, and they were randomly devided into two groups which were BWSTT group and P-bar group. Method : The timed up and go(TUG), 10m gait speed were used to measure gait speed, Bergs balance scale(BBS) was used to measure dynamic balance ability, and balance performance monitor(BPM) was used to measure sway area, sway path, max velocity. Result : 1. The TUG and 10m gait speed of BWSTT group and P-bar group were significantly decreased (p<.05). The TUG and 10m gait speed were different significantly between BWSTT group and P-bar group(p<.05). 2. The BBS and sway area of BWSTT group and P-bar group were significantly decreased (p<.05). The BBS and sway area were not different significantly between BWSTT group and P-bar group(p>.05). 3. The sway path and max velocity of BWSTT group and P-bar group were significantly decreased (p<.05). The sway path and max velocity were not different significantly between BWSTI group and P-bar group(p>.05). Conclusion : The outcomes suggest that patient with subacute stroke can improve their gait and balance through body weight support treadmill training.