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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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Volume & Issues
Volume 3, Issue 4 - Nov 2008
Volume 3, Issue 3 - Aug 2008
Volume 3, Issue 2 - May 2008
Volume 3, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
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The Effects of the Hahoe Mask Dance on the Gait and Muscle Activity in the Elderly
Nam, Tae-Ho ; Han, Jin-Tae ; Yi, Seung-Ju ; Lee, Han-Suk ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine , volume 3, issue 4, 2008, Pages 215~224
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of the Hahoe mask dance on the gait and muscle activity in the elderly who lived at a elderly welfare facility. Methods : Dancing group was consisted of 20 subjects(over 70 years). The time of measurement was assigned in pre measurement, after 1 month, after 2 months. Subjects was received the Hahoe mask dance for three times a week during 8 weeks. The control group was consisted of 20 the elderly (similar age) who didn't received dancing. Assessment of gait function included the gait velocity, step time, stride, step length, it was analyzed in activity for 4 muscles (rectus femoris, biceps femoris, tibialis anterior, and lateral gastrocnemius). Results : Activities for muscles of control group was decreased in rectus femoris, bieps femoris, however, those of experimental group was increased significantly(p<.05). While control group showed decrease in the gait velocity per second (p<.05), experimental group showed statistically significant increase(p<.05). Control group had a significant long time than that of control group in gait time of right and left foot(p<.05). Control group was a little longer than control group in stride time of right and left foot(p<.05). Step length for control group was shorter than that for experimental group both foots(p<.05). Conclusion : In conclusion, this study confirmed that activities for 4 muscles by EMG have showed significant increases, so we will use a programme of muscle improvement in elderly community welfare faculty. We recommend that further research should explore the degree of muscle activity by larger sample sizes and longer follow-up periods.
The Effect of a Taping on Muscle Strength, and Proprioception in Ankle
Lee, Sang-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine , volume 3, issue 4, 2008, Pages 225~233
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to investigate changes of muscle strength, ROM and proprioceptive function as before & after ankle taping in soccer players. For this study fifteen sports club whose had no ankle injuries were volunteered. Methode : Fifteen healthy male in soccer players participated in this study. Biodex pro system3 was used to measure isokinetic muscle strengths at
/sec angular velocity. Performances of ankle joint were measured peak torque, total work, average power, total work. To measure proprioceptive function used goniometer. Results : 1. proprioceptive sensation error were significantly differences by before & after taping(p<.05). 2. Compare of total work of dorsi flexion plantar flexion weren't significantly differences by before & after taping(p>.05). 3. Compare of average power of dorsi flexion weren't significantly differences by before & after taping(p>.05). 4. Compare average power of plantar flexion were significantly differences by before & after taping(p<.05). 5. Compare average peak torque of dorsi flexion weren't significantly differences by before & after taping(p>.05). 6. Compare average peak torque of plantar flexion were significantly differences by before & after taping(p<.05). Conclusion : Taping can have propriocetive aberrative angular measure, power & peak torque of plantar flexion were significantly differences. But, total work of dorsi flexion plantar flexion and power & peak torque of dorsi flexion weren't significantly differences.
The Effect of Indoor Horseback-Riding Machine on the Balance of the Elderly with Dementia
Kim, Dong-Hyun ; Kim, Seoung-Jun ; Bae, Sung-Soo ; Kim, Kyeung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine , volume 3, issue 4, 2008, Pages 235~246
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of indoor horseback-riding machine(SLIM
) exercise on balance of the elderly with dementia. Methods : Subjects over 65 years of age in the nursing home were divided into three groups : Alzheimer's dementia group(n=7), vascular dementia group(n=6), and general elderly group(n=6). All groups(n=19) practiced indoor horseback-riding machine exercise for 20 min a day, three days a week during 6 weeks, and their balance were evaluated at before and 2, 4, 6 weeks after intervention, using the BPM. The level of statistical significance was .05. Results : After the 4weeks indoor horseback-riding machine exercise, balance was significantly increased in the all groups(p<.05). Conclusion : Indoor Horseback-riding machine exercise had a positive effect on subjects' balance.
The Musculoskeletal Pain and Inconvenient Feeling During Hand Instruments with Mannequin and Intra-oral Cavity in Dental Hygiene Students
Yoo, Jae-Hae ; Ro, Hyo-Lyun ; Lee, Min-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine , volume 3, issue 4, 2008, Pages 247~254
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to analyze some factors that can cause incidence of the muscle and skeletal system trouble, by which Dental Hygiene Students examine the pain and the inconvenient feeling according to kinds in manual implements and the usability in the level of manipulating and maintaining the manual implement, in the actual training of the intra oral cavity along with mannequin given the scaling practice. Methods : Targeting 18 female juniors for the department of dental hygiene, who had directly practiced oral prophylaxis for 2 years, the questionnaire research was carried out right after the mutual practice in the intra oral cavity along with mannequin. Results : It was indicated that there is no big difficulty both in intra oral cavity and mannequin in terms of manipulating implement with a method of maintaining the rightly hand fixing or of grasping the trans formative pencil and of controlling force given manipulating the implement. How to grasp a trans formative pencil was indicated to be more difficult in the intra-oral manipulation(p<.05). Pain and inconvenient-feeling level, which occur in muscle and skeletal system during practicing the scaling in mannequin, were indicated to be in order of shoulder, wrist, neck, waist, elbow, and headache. Conclusion : There was no big difference in the pain and the inconvenient feeling in muscle and skeletal system according to mannequin and intra-oral environment given manipulating tile manual implement. However, there was difference in manipulating the implement with a method of grasping transformative pencil. The pain and inconvenient feeling in muscle and skeletal system were the highest both in shoulder and wrist.
Effect of Paraspinal Muscle Fatigue on Proprioception and Coordination of the Lower Limb
Park, Min-Chull ; Kim, Hyoung-Su ; Lee, Sang-Youl ; Lee, Myoung-Hee ; Goo, Bong-Oh ; Yoon, Chang-G ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine , volume 3, issue 4, 2008, Pages 255~260
Purpose : This study was performed to find out the influence of the change on proprioception and coordination of the lower limb by experimentally induced paraspinal muscle fatigue, Methods : Twelve subjects(6 males, 6 females) with no history low back and lower limbs problem volunteered for this study. Subjects were pre-tested proprioception and coordination using the MR-FSS(Mornitored Rehab Functional Squat System). And then the subjects performed isometric paraspinal muscles contraction for induced muscle fatigue. Muscle fatigue was defined surface EMG(MP 150). After isometric contraction, the subjects were post-tested using the MR-FSS. Results : In comparison of coordination, deviation of concentric coordination was increased(from
)(p<0.05) and deviation of eccentric coordination was also increased(from
)(p<0.05). And deviation movement of proprioceptive test was increased(from
), but there was no significant different(p>0.05). Conclusion : Fatigue of paraspinal muscles was decreased concentric and eccentric coordination of the lower limb.
The Influence of Aerobic Exercise and Resistive Exercise with Hypertension in the Elderly
Lee, Sang-Yeol ; Jung, Hyoun-Sung ; Shim, Jae-Myoung ; Kim, Eun-Jung ; Kim, Seung-Jun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine , volume 3, issue 4, 2008, Pages 261~268
Purpose : This study was to investigate the effects of aerobic exercise and resistive exercise program on hypertension in the elderly. Methods : Subjects were allocated into one of three groups (aerobic exercise group, resistive exercise group, control group). Blood pressure was measured pre- and post-exercise in each exercise group. Data were analyzed with paired t-test and one-way ANOVA to determine blood pressure differences. Results : The results of this study were as follows. 1) The systolic blood pressure of the aerobic exercise group decreased significantly after exercise (p<.05). 2) The diastolic blood pressure of the resistive exercise group decreased significantly after exercise (p<.05). 3) There was a significant decrease in systolic blood pressure of aerobic exercise group compared with control group following the exercise. 4) There was no significant differences in diastolic blood pressure among three groups following the exercise (p>.05). Conclusion : Aerobic exercise and resistive exercise program were effective in reducing systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure of the hypertension in the elderly. Thus, this program can be recommended as an effective intervention for the elderly. Therefore, regular and continued those exercises will be the solution for decreasing systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure.
The Study of the Changes of Mirror Movements with Upper Extremity on Stroke Patients
Chang, Jong-Sung ; Lee, Mi-Young ; Kim, Chung-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine , volume 3, issue 4, 2008, Pages 269~276
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of mirror movements(MM) on upper extremity's function and measure the change of MM on stroke patients depending on the elapse of time. Methods : Sixteen stroke patients with MM and Sixteen stroke patients without MM were recruited for this study. Intended movements and MM were measured by two dynanometers of MP150 system(BIOPAC System Inc., Santa Barbara, U.S.A). The upper extremity's motor function was measured using manual function test(MFT), Fugl-Meyer assesment(FMA). Results : The change rates of upper extremity's motor function test showed significant group differences in FMA but not in MFT between the patients with MM and without MM from the first test to the second test. In each group motor function generally more increased. The magnitudes of MM decreased from the first test to the second test. Conclusion : These results indicate that stroke patients with MM have a significant motor deficit. But motor deficit could be recovered by spontaneous recovery or treatments and a clinical sign of MM was improved. In the future, we suggest that studies of assessments of MM after rehabilitation and treatment interventions of MM on stroke patients.
The Effect of Bobath and Conventional Method in Gate of Adult Hemiplegic Patients
Lee, Keun-Heui ; Kim, Hyoung-Su ; Han, Dong-Wook ; Kim, Byung-Jo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine , volume 3, issue 4, 2008, Pages 277~284
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to identify the influence of Bobath and conventional method has an effect on gait of adult hemiplegic patients. Methods : The data were collected by each 15 adult stroke patients. The treatment was based on Bobath and conventional approach. Temporal and spatial parameters of gait were analysed for using the computerized GAITRite system. Results : The gait step (p<.05), gait velocity (p<.05), cadence (p<.05) and step length (p<.05) was significantly different with the Bobath method. The Gait step (p<.05) and gait velocity (p<.05) was significantly different with the conventional method. But the cadence and step length was not significantly increased in the conventional method. Conclusion : The Bobath method is more useful to improve the gait in hemiplegic patients than conventional method.
A Study of Cognitive Function and Depression of the Elderly in a Institution
Ha, Mi-Sook ; Park, Rae-Joon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine , volume 3, issue 4, 2008, Pages 285~292
Purpose : To estimate the prevalence of and identity the associates of cognitive function and depression among people over 70 years of age, and to examine the relationship between cognitive impairment and depression, Methods : The elderly in Pusan area were studied on the Korea version Mini Mental Scale Examination instrument(MMSE-K), Short form of Geriatic Depression Scale(SGDS). Results : The prevalence of cognitive impairment(
) was 64.4% and that of depression(
) was 40.7% Lower education, no religion and no work experience were associated with cognitive impairment. Depression in demented group was 68.2%, in suspect dementia group was 43.7% and in non-demented group was 9.5%. Conclusion : The prevalence of cognitive impairment and depression in elderly was high and depression was in association with cognitive impairment.
Possible Effects of Color Stimuli on Grip and Pinch Strength
Kim, Yeon-Ju ; Lee, In-Sil ; Lim, Soo-Jung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine , volume 3, issue 4, 2008, Pages 293~299
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of color stimuli on the grip power and the pinch power. Methods : For this experimental study, total 59 healthy college students, who were divided into Red color group and Green color group. Each group was assessed before and after color stimuli(10minutes). Subjects were for using standardized positioning with shoulder adducted and neutrally rotated, elbow flexed at 90 degree and the forearm and wrist in neutral position. Results : All the two groups showed significant differences in the variation of grip power and pinch power under color stimuli(P>.05) but there was no significant variation in grip power and pinch power among groups. Conclusion : This study precedes following study which is focused on the proposal of suitable or appropriate color circumstance for treatment room. Further studies are need with more subjects on long-term outcome.
Occurrence of Physical Therapy Treatment in the Management of Patients with Degenerative Joint Disease
Yoon, Chang-G. ; Lee, Myoung-Hee ; Bae, Sung-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine , volume 3, issue 4, 2008, Pages 301~307