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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 4 - Nov 2009
Volume 4, Issue 3 - Aug 2009
Volume 4, Issue 2 - May 2009
Volume 4, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
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The Study of Footwear Preferences and the Wearing Conditions in the Older Women
Song, Chang-Ho ; Lee, Jong-Dae ; Kwon, Yoo-Jung ; Lee, Jeon-Hyeong ; Park, Jin-Hyun ; Song, Hyun-Nam ; Kim, Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine , volume 4, issue 2, 2009, Pages 63~71
Purpose：The purpose of this study was to investigate how much the type of footwear affects these preference and wearing conditions in older women. Methods：Two hundred eight women aged
years were recruited from the elder's College and welfare center in Daegu. Each subject performed questionnaire surveys. Chi-square(
) test was used to compare the outcome for differences of age, weight, height, heel height and footwear size. SPSS 12.0 program was used in this study. Results：The type of their possessive shoes were casual shoes (24.8%), running shoes (20.1%) and dress shoes (16%) etc. The type of their short-distance outdoor shoes were casual shoes (32.1%), running shoes (31.4%) etc. The type of their long-distance outdoor shoes were platform shoes (40.3%), dress shoes (31%) etc. Conclusion：The heel height of platform shoes had no relation with demographic factors (age, weight, height), but the size of platform shoes had relation with demographic factors such as age and height except for weight(p<0.05).
The Effects of Therapeutic Exercise on the Grip Strength of Chronic Neck Pain Patients
Jung, Yeon-Woo ; Yoon, Se-Won ; Lee, Jeong-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine , volume 4, issue 2, 2009, Pages 73~78
Purpose：The purpose of this study was to investigate effects of therapeutic exercise on the grip strength of chronic neck pain patients. Methods：Sixteen chronic neck pain patients were recruited this study(8 females. 8 males) from 21 to 30 years of age(mean aged 24.44). The experimental group received contraction-relax exercise for more than 3-5 times with therapeutic massage for 15minutes per day and three times a week during 5 weeks period. Grip strength was measured by Grip Strength Dynamometer(Model: T.K.K, 5101, Japan) at pre, 3weeks, 5weeks and follow-up 2weeks. Statistical analysis was used repeated ANOVA to know difference within period. Results：The grip strength was significantly increased within treatment period(p<.05), among them significantly increased within pre-treatment and follow-up 2weeks(p<.05). Conclusion：These results indicate that therapeutic exercise increased grip strength of chronic neck pain patients. Grip strength was more increased at follow-up 2weeks. In the future, we suggest that studies of therapeutic exercise regarding chronic neck pain patient be further studied and an appropriate therapeutic exercise will be indicated.
Effect of Heel-heights of Insole on Balance in Healthy Adults
Oh, Myoung-Hwa ; Lee, Jeon-Hyeong ; Kwon, Yoo-Jung ; Lee, Jong-Dae ; Lee, Myoung-Hee ; Kim, Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine , volume 4, issue 2, 2009, Pages 79~86
Purpose：The purpose of this study was to investigated the effect of stability on heel-heights of insole in healthy adults. Methods：Subjects of 39 males measured stability index of the Biodex Stability System(BSS) by wearing shoes of 2cm, 5cm insoles including bare feet. The BSS was consisted of a movable balance platform and the platform was interfaced with computer software that enables the device to serve as an assessment of balance performance. Stability index of the BSS included overall stability index(OSI), anteroposterior stability index(APSI), mediolateral stability index(MLSI). In the BSS, subjects were asked to step on to the platform of the BSS and assume a comfortable position while maintaining slight flexion in the knees, looking straight ahead. Subjects were trained for 10min for adaptation to the heel-height of insole and then they maintained double limb stance for 2min. Biodex platform set to convert Lv.8 into Lv.1 gradually. Results：There were statistically significant differences between heel-heights of insole and stability index of OSI, APSI, and MLSI(p<.05). The result of post-hoc test were as follows; 1)OSI had significant differences between bare feet and 2cm, 5cm. 2)APSI had significant differences between bare feet and 2cm, 5cm. 3)MLSI had significant differences between bare feet and 2cm, 5cm(p<.05). Conclusions：We found that the more heels of insole high, the more stability index increases. In particular, balance index of insole above 5cm more increased and we could acknowledge that the insole above 5cm more effected balance of healthy adults.
The Comparison of Plantar Foot Pressure in Normal Side of Normal People, Affected Side and Less Affected Side of Hemiplegic Patients During Stance Phase
Yoon, Hyang-Woon ; Lee, Sang-Yeol ; Lee, Hyun-Min ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine , volume 4, issue 2, 2009, Pages 87~92
Objects：The purpose of this study is to investigate the values of foot pressure of the stance phase during a gait cycle in hemiplegic gait. Method：42 patients who had a stroke and 42 healthy adults were evaluated by the RSscan system to analyze the stance phase of hemiplegic gait. The stance phase was evaluated as plantar foor pressure. Results：1) Foot plantar pressure of toe area, affected side and less affected side showed low distribution of the plantar foot pressure which is lower than plantar foot pressure of normal adults(p<0.05). 2) Foot plantar pressure of metatarsal area, showed significantly differences among hemiplesic patient's affected side and less affected side and distribution of plantar foot pressure of normal adults(p<0.05). 3) Foot plantar pressure of heel area, hemiplesic patients' affected side and less affected side showed lower distribution of the plantar foot pressure than plantar foot pressure of normal adults(p<0.05). Conclusion：The results of this study suggest that not only affected side but also less affected side in hemiplegic patients showed significantly differences in distribution of the plantar foot pressure of normal adults.
The Effect of Self-Controlled Knowledge of Result on Proprioception Learning in Knee Joint During Open and Closed Kinematic Chain Movement
Lee, Yoen-Chul ; Lee, Sang-Yeol ; Park, Kwan-Yong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine , volume 4, issue 2, 2009, Pages 93~100
Purpose：The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of self-controlled knowledge of result (KR) versus the yoked KR on learning of knee joint proprioception. Methods：Forty volunteer subjects (20 men and 20 women) were randomly assigned to each four groups: 1) self-controlled KR in open kinematic chain, 2) yoked KR in open kinematic chain, 3) self controlled KR in close kinematic chain, and 4) yoked KR in close kinematic chain. The difference between the angle of position and reproduction angle was determined as a proprioception error and measured using an angle reproduction test. The subjects in self-controlled groups were provided with feedback whenever they requested it, whereas the subjects in yoked groups were not provided with feedback. The data were analyzed using a one-way ANOVA. Results：The proprioception errors in close kinematic chain groups decreased significantly compared with those in close kinematic chain groups(p<.05). The proprioception errors in the self-controlled group decreased significantly compared with those in yoked groups during acquisition and retention test(p<.05). Conclusion：Self-controlled knowledge of result during open kinematic chain movement is considered to be a good method on motor learning.
The Effect of Intensive Therapy on Gross Motor Function Measure Score in Cerebral Palsy
Oh, Jung-Lim ; Kim, Chung-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine , volume 4, issue 2, 2009, Pages 101~106
Purpose：The purpose of this study was to find the effect of intensive therapy on gross motor function measure(GMFM) score in cerebral palsy. Methods：Twenty eight cerebral palsy children were recruited in this study. Gross motor Function Measure(GMFM) score and Gross motor Function Classification System(GMFCS) were used to evaluate as functional change and functional level. Intensive therapy period for cerebral palsy children was 3, 4, and 5 weeks. Statistical analysis was used paired T test and one way ANOVA to know change between pre and post therapy was used. Results：GMFM Score of pre- and post- intensive therapy showed the statistically significant difference. Intensive therapy period indicated the statistically significant difference in GMFM score. GMFCS level did not reveal statistically significant difference in GMFM score. Conclusion：Intensive therapy was effective on gross motor function measure(GMFM) score in cerebral palsy.
Effects of the Median Nerve Mobilization on Change of Grip Strength and Pain in Patients with Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Yoon, Young-Dae ; Shim, Je-Myung ; Park, Min-Chull ; Kim, Hyoung-Su ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine , volume 4, issue 2, 2009, Pages 107~115
Purpose：This study was to determine whether median nerve mobilization has any effect on the recovery of muscle power and the reduction of pain for the patients with carpal tunnel syndrome. Methods：20 patients suffering from carpal tunnel syndrome were randomly divided into two groups: 10 subjects treated both with electrical therapy and median nerve mobilization(experimental group) and the other 10 subjects treated only with electrical therapy(control group). The therapy was taken three times a week for 3 weeks. Results：The grip strength increased in both groups. However, the experimental group showed more significant treatment effect than the control group, and the significant changes appeared every week during the experiment period. In terms of pain, both groups showed significant effects. But the experimental group showed but more significant treatment effect than the control group, and the significant changes appeared every week during the experiment period. Conclusions：It was significantly more effective for the patients with carpal tunnel syndrome to apply median nerve mobilization during the electrical therapy in order to reduce pain and to increase grip strength, compared with the method only using electrical therapy. Further research should be conducted to generalize these results in terms of the clinical effectiveness of the nerve mobilization.
Analysis of the Change of the Forward Head Posture According to Computer Using Time
Lee, Kyung-Soon ; Jung, Hak-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine , volume 4, issue 2, 2009, Pages 117~124
Purpose：The purpose of this study was to investigate of the change of the forward head posture(FHP) according to computer using time. Methods：Subjects were 30 male and 30 female. The factors of FHP were measured cranial vertical angle, cranial rotation angle, and head, upper back, neck flexion/extension angle according to computer using time. Change of FHP used to Digital Inclinometry(JTech, Dualer IQTM Dual Inclinometer). The data were collected by data logger(Logger Teknologi HB, Akarp, Sweden). Results：Cranial vertical angle, cranial rotation angle, and head, upper back, neck flexion/extension were increased according to computer using time(p<.05). But cranial vertical angle and cranial rotation angle, and head, upper back, neck flexion/extension were not significant differences between male and female group(p>.05). Conclusion：The effects of cranial vertical angle, cranial rotation angl and head, neck and upper back angle depend on the computer task time. Increased of FHP may result increased tension in posture muscles of cervical spine, resulting in a risk of musculoskeletal disorders.
The Effects of Hip Fracture on the Mortality and Activity of Daily Living
Kim, Ho-Bong ; Choi, Yong-Own ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine , volume 4, issue 2, 2009, Pages 125~131
Purpose：This study performed to evaluate the effect of hip fracture among persons over 50 years old, in Jeju-do, Korea, on mortality, activity of daily living(ADL). Methods：Three hundred eighteen patients over to 50 years of age who lived in Jeju-do and sustained a hip fracture from January 1st 2003 to December 31th 2004 were recruited. The information collected from the hospital records for each patient included age, sex, date of onset, and patients investigated activity grade, ADL, outdoor walking aid on 3month, 6month and 12month. Results：The incidence was 12.5/10,000 for total patients(female 17.0/10,000, male 6.3/10,000) in population over 50 years old. Patients who had lower activity grade and ADL level, showed higher mortality, and patients using outdoor walking aid showed higher mortality. Conclusion：The activity grade, ADL level, Using of outdoor walking aid affect mortality, so more programs about ADL must be developed for the life span and quality of life.