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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Physical Medicine
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 4 - Nov 2009
Volume 4, Issue 3 - Aug 2009
Volume 4, Issue 2 - May 2009
Volume 4, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
The Effect of Grip Strength in Change of Wrist Position according to Elbow Flexion
Lee, Sang-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine , volume 4, issue 4, 2009, Pages 209~214
Purpose：The purpose of this study are analysis characteristic of grasping power with each different elbow flexion degree and grasping power with each different elbow each different hand position and announcement. Methods：Measuring about 10cm wide open position with both feet for each elbow in the line positions of the
, and forearm position of supination, mid position, pronation is of the order. Results：The averge position of maximal grip strength was
of elbow flexion with mid position in male and
of elbow flexion with mid position in female. Grip strength in change of wrist position according to elbow flexion was significant difference(P<0.05). Grip strength in change of wrist position according to elbow flexion by sex was significant difference(P<0.05) Conclusion：When the elbow has flexion with
then grasping power has a intimate relation with forearm position. Grasping power with forearm supination, pronation and mid position also has a intimate relation with elbow flexion.
The Effects of Aerobic Exercise on Electrolytes Concentration after Spinal Cord Injured Rats
Ha, Mi-Sook ; Park, Rae-Joon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine , volume 4, issue 4, 2009, Pages 215~220
Purpose：This study was to analyze the electrolyte such as blood Na+, K+, Ca2+ of aerobic exercise on spinal cord injured rats. Methods：SCI model rats were damaged in L1-L2 injected with 6-hydroxydopamine(6-OHDA). For this study went on classifying the control group without aerobic exercise, experimental group with aerobic exercise. Experimental groups were applied as swimming for 15minutes. Results：The results of this study were follows. 1) The body weight of the experimental group increased significantly after aerobic exercise(p<.05). 2) In the case of sodium(has been decreased significantly after 2 weeks(p<.05). 3) In the case of potassium has been increased significantly after 2 weeks(p<.05). 4) In the case of calcium has been increased significantly after 2 weeks(p<.05). Conclusion：Aerobic exercise were positive effect in body weight and electrolyte of the spinal cord injury. Continued swimming exercise can be recommended as an effective intervention for the spinal cord injury.
The Comparison of Trunk Muscles Activity During Bridging Stabilization Exercises on Swiss Ball According to Change of Position
Son, Sun-Tae ; Kim, Min-Hye ; Kim, Hee-Jin ; Yoon, Ji-Hye ; Lee, Su-Kyung ; Jung, Ju-Young ; Bae, Sung-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine , volume 4, issue 4, 2009, Pages 221~229
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of bridging stabilization exercises of trunk muscles activity on a Swiss ball according to change of position. Methods：30 healthy university students volunteered to participate in this study. Subjects were required to complete following three exercise positions. Exercise position 1; Supine bridge with Swiss ball, Exercise position 2; Side bridge with Swiss ball, Exercise position 3; Prone bridge with Swiss ball. Surface electromyography from selected trunk muscles was normalized to maximum voluntary isometric contraction. Results : A repeated measures of ANOVA with Duncan's correction was used to determine the influence of exercise type on muscle activity for rectus abdominis, external oblique, erector spinae. The erector spinae of exercise position 1 showed significantly higher muscle activity than exercise position 2, 3(p<.05). The external oblique of exercise position 2, 3 showed significantly higher muscle activity than exercise position 1(p<.05). The rectus abdominis of exercise position 3 showed significantly higher muscle activity than exercise position 1, 2(p<.05) Conclusion： These results indicate that muscle activity can be influenced by addition of a Swiss ball in bridging exercises. It is recommend to use a Swiss ball for trunk stabilization exercise.
The Changes of The Shoulder Function and Quantitative Radiographic Measurements in Hemiplegic Patients by Sling Exercise
Lee, Dong-Rour ; Kim, Jong-Soon ; Song, Min-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine , volume 4, issue 4, 2009, Pages 231~240
Purpose：The aim of this study was to determine the effect of active sling exercise on shoulder subluxation in hemiplegic patients. Methods：Twenty persons with shoulder subluxation were randomly divided into two groups; the experimental group(10 persons) and the control group(10 persons). Usual physical therapy and occupational therapy were applied in all groups in a day for 4 weeks. Additionally the experimental group was received 30 minutes sling active exercise (flexion, extention, adduction, abduction, intenal rotation, external rotation, horizontal adduction, horizontal abduction) for shoulder joint in a day for 4 weeks. I investigated the therapeutic effect of sling exercise through the Wolf motor function test (WMFT), Quantitative radiographic measurements and range of motion test at pre and post intervention period. Results：The passive range of motion was significantly increased in the experimental group compare with the control group. However, the active range of motion was no statistically significantly difference in both of the experimental and the control group. The level of WMFT was significantly decreased in the experimental group compared with control group. Although, there was no significantly difference the degree of the shoulder subluxation was more decreased in experimental group than control group. Conclusion：Taken together, these results suggest that sling exercise could be beneficial therapeutic method for hemiplegic shoulder. But to generalize it, more study and exercise program might be needed to confirm its availability.
The Influence of Transcutaneous Electrical Stimulation on Autonomic Function
Kang, Jong-Ho ; Kim, Yong-Nam ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine , volume 4, issue 4, 2009, Pages 241~247
Purpose：The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of transcutaneous electrical stimulation on autonomic nervous system using heart rate variability analysis. Methods：31 subjects were evaluated with HRV before and after a single high-frequency TENS for 15minutes treatment. The standard deviation of all the normal RR-interval(SDNN) and lower frequency/high frequency ratio(LF/HF ratio) were recorded with TAS-9. Results：After single TENS treatment, autonomic adaptation as analyzed by SDNN was increased from
(p>0.05) and autonomic balance as analyzed by LF/HF ratio was increased from
(p>0.05). Conclusion：In this study, SDNN and LF/HF ratio changed in health young students as a result of single TENS treatment. But there is no significant difference between pre-treatment and post-treatment of SDNN and LF/HF ratio.
The Research of Gait on Parkinson's Disease
Chae, Jung-Byung ; Cho, Hyun-Rae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine , volume 4, issue 4, 2009, Pages 249~255
Purpose：To investigate of gait component in Parkinson's Disease patient. Methods：participated Parkinson's Disease patient(n=12) and Normal adult(n=13). gait measure used by GaitRite. Results：SPSS for win version 12 was used for statistic analysis and independent t-test used to find between two groups. In the comparison of temporal parameter of gait between groups, the swing phase was significant decreased in Parkinson's groups, in the stance phase was significant increased in Normal groups, in the single support was significant decreased in Parkinson's groups and in the double support was significant increased in Parkinson's groups(p<.05). In the asymmetrical ratio of singele support was significant increased in Parkinson's groups(p<.05), and the swing phase and stance phase was significant increased in Parkinson's groups(p<.05). Conclusion：In the Parkinson's Disease patient gait showed temporal and spatial component variable changes comparison normal adult. therefore, it was seems to very important considerable at gait tranning in clinical intervention.
The Effect of Ultrasound and Myofascial Release on a Functional Recovery of Neck in Patients with Temporomandibular Disorder
Kim, Soo-Jin ; Hyun, Sang-Wook ; Kim, Byoung-Gon ; Seo, Hyun-Kyu ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine , volume 4, issue 4, 2009, Pages 257~267
Purpose：The purpose of this study is to examine the effectiveness of ultrasound and myofascial release in patients who have opening mouth limitation and temporomandibular disorder. Methods：Twenty students were randomly assigned to a myofascial release group(n=10) or an ultrasound group(n=7). Each group was treated for 15 minutes per a every treatment session for four weeks. Cervial range of motion(CROM) was used to measure cervical R.O.M., and a mm(millimeter) graduated ruler was used to measure opening mouth limitation. Results：Results of the follows : 1. The neck extension of range of motion of both groups was significantly increased in length of time (p<.05). 2. The neck flexion of range of motion of both groups was significantly increased (p<.05). 3. The quantity of opening mouth of temporomandibular joint of both groups was significantly increased (p<.05). Conclusion：These data suggest that myofascial release and ultrasound are beneficial to increasing a functional recovery of neck(flexion and extension) and opening mouth.
Analysis of Biomechanics of Push-up Movement
Rho, Tae-Hwan ; Kim, Jeong-Hyo ; Park, Si-Baek ; Lee, Na-Na ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine , volume 4, issue 4, 2009, Pages 269~274
Purpose：The purpose of this study is an interval palmar width according to change of muscle activation under push-up movement. Methods：Three, this study participation normal young adult (male 3, mean age ; 24yaers). The subject performed maximum contraction under push-up movement. EMG activaty patterns is measured with three different width. The EMG activity of pectoralis major and latissimus dorsi were measured using surface electromyography. Results：EMG activation of pectoralis major and latissimus dorsi following of push-up was shown significant difference(p<.05). Also, experiment value was agree with calculation value and width of shoulder position was minimum of pectoralis major and latissimus dorsi muscle activity. Conslusion：RMS values in case of fretum and wide width of the hands on Latissimus Dorsi are shown muscle activity
, respectively. Especialy, RMS value in terms of wide width of the hands on muscles is shown very enhanced muscle activity. It is suggest that interval palmar width of the hands on pectoralis major and latissimus dorsi in push-up movement was effective to intensify of the muscle activity.
Analysis of Biomechanics for Pinch Strength due to Elbow Flexion Degree
Rho, Tae-Hwan ; Kwon, Eun-Hwa ; Park, Eun-Eun ; Lee, Hang-Eun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine , volume 4, issue 4, 2009, Pages 275~280
Purpose：We have investigated to analysis biomechanics for pinch strength due to elbow flexion degree. Methods：Pinch strength was measured by Electro Dynamometer(G-100) using four elbow flexion degree (
). Results：In experimental results, we found that pinch strengths were 5.4kg(
) and 5.2kg(
), respectively. The Pinch strengths got maximum at
degree, minimum at
degree. We have calculated F1 values using
T=0. As a result F1 values were 540N(
) and 520N(
), respectively. F1 values got maximum at
degree, minimum at
degree. Data curve line of
values was increased in 45~90 section and decreased in 0~45, 90~135 sections, respectively. Conclusion：
(Flexor digitorum superficialis and profundus) values were 10 times bigger than pinch strengths. Data curve line of
values was similar to active length-tension curve in 45~90, 90~135 sections.