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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korea Journal of Herbology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Association of Herbology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Dec 2005
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Sep 2005
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Jun 2005
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Anti-aging Effect on Skin with the needles of red pine, Pinus densiflora
Park, Seong-Kyu ; Lee, Jong-Chan ; Ahn, Soo-Mi ; Lee, Jin-Young ; Kim, Youn-Joon ; Hwang, Jae-Sung ; Lee, Byeong-Gon ; Chang, Ih-Seoup ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 20, issue 4, 2005, Pages 1~10
Objectives : We investigated the anti-aging effect on skin with the extract of the needles of red pine, Pinus densiflora. Methods : We measured various effects related to skin such as the anti-oxidant effect, the protection against ultraviolet (UV) irradiation, the inhibition of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, the induction of heat shock protein 70 (HSP70), the reduction of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) synthesis and senescent cell. Results : The results were as follows : The extract of the needles of red pine (RP) had the potent anti-oxidant effect and the ROS scavenging effect. Also RP preserved the systemic anti-oxidant enzyme system (superoxide dismutase and catalase) from UVB irradiation. RP protected the cell membrane from the damages induced by UVB irradiation. RP induced HSP70, a mediator of resistance to UVB irradiation. RP reduced the synthesis of MMP-2 induced by UVB irradiation. And RP inhibited the amount of senescent-associated (SA)
staining, as a marker of replicative senescence. Conclusions : The results of our study indicate that the extract of the needles of red pine, Pinus densiflora, has anti-aging effects on skin.
Herb-Processing Methods for Ginkgo Folium
Kim, Myung-Gyou ; Leem, Kang-Hyun ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 20, issue 4, 2005, Pages 11~16
Objectives : This study was designed to propose the effective herb-processing method of Ginkgo Folium in the Oriental medicine. Methods : The books, papers and patents were used to examine the recent usage of Ginkgo Folium. Results : The toxic ingredients of Ginkgo Folium should be removed. Accordingly, a detoxification process using a nonpolar solvent and a vinegar-roasting process in sequence are desirable to assure its safety. The previously developed standard extract (e.g. EGb 761) could be used as a powdered Oriental medicine as well. Conclusions : Ginkgo Folium could not be used widely to treat the diseases in ancient Oriental medicine, because the toxic ingredients could not be removed by any method until recent year. However, Ginkgo Folium might be used as a herbal medicine that invigorates the blood without any difficulty using herb-processing methods suggested in this paper.
Antioxidant, Anticancer and Antibacterial Activities of Naesohwangryntang and its Ingredients
Lee, Chang-Eon ; Son, Jun-Ho ; Lee, Jin-Young ; Park, Tae-Soon ; Park, Jung-Mi ; Bae, Ho-Jung ; Pyeon, Jeong-Ran ; An, Bong-Jeun ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 20, issue 4, 2005, Pages 17~26
Objectives : Antioxidant, Anticancer and Antibacterial Activities of Naesohwangryntang and its composition oriental medicines. Methods : We were experimented anti-oxidation effect and growth inhibition ability on cancer cells and antibacterial activity on various kinds of bacteria of skin. Results : The results were obtained as follows : Electron donating ability(EDA) of water extract Naesohwangryntang and ethanol extract Naesohwangryntang was 60% and 70% at 1000 ppm concentration. In the test of SOD-like activity, ethanol extract showed more activity with 27.4% in 700 ppm, while water extract was low in 19.6%. Clear zones formed by sample against the human skin-resident microflora indicated that anti-microbial activity of ethanol extract Naesohwangryntang was higher than that of water extract Naesohwangryntang. The growth inhibition rates of each sample on lung-cancer(A549), at 1000 ppm cancer cell was over 40%. The growth inhibition rate of the each sample melanoma-cancer(B16F10, G361), at 1000 ppm was over 80%. Conclusions : The results indicated that, ethanol extract which is superior in its anti-oxidation and antibacterial effect is useful to be applied in cosmetic industry.
Curcuma Longa L. Extract Controls Cancer Cell (Sarcoma 180) Growth
Cho, Su-In ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 20, issue 4, 2005, Pages 27~31
Objectives : The anticancer response of three different types of water extracts of Zingiberaceae Curcuma longa L. tested for sarcoma 180. Only few studies carried out to investigate the effects of other contents of Curcuma longa L. in anticancer activities, therefore, in this study we have investigated the effects of other component then curcumin in Curcuma longa L. for anticancer a activities. Methods : Three different types of water extracts of Curcuma longa L. were prepared as follows. The sarcoma cells (S180) were maintained in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium (DMEM) and were seeded on 24-well cell culture cluster flat bottom with lid tissue culture treated non-pyrogenic polystyrene. The growth of sarcoma 180 was monitored for 1, 2 and 5 days. The sarcoma cells were pictured using inverted microscope and cell density was counted using hemocytometry. Results : After 5 days in the culture medium the results showed high growth of sarcoma 180 for control condition and the surface of CCP plates were fully covered with the cells. In case of medium in which the 10% of filtered water extract of Curcuma longa L. was added a very limited growth of sarcoma 180 was observed. The results were showed only small difference in cell density for two different concentrations of unfiltered water extracts of Curcuma longa L. whereasin case of filtered water extracts the control of sarcoma growth shows better result. Conclusion : The filtered water extracts showed the best result relatively to the unfiltered water extracts for two different concentrations. This indicates that the water extracts of Curcuma longa L. can have anticancer activities possibly without curcumin.
A Study on a Morphological Identification of Root of Angelica tenuissima, Ligusticum sinense and Ligusticum jeholense
Shin, Myoung-Soup ; Kil, Ki-Jung ; Lee, Young-Jong ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 20, issue 4, 2005, Pages 33~39
Objectives : Because Ligusticum sinense Root as well as those of Angelica tenuissima Root are sole as Gobon(藁本) in domestic markets, morphological characteristics of them are attempted to be distinguished. Methods : The slice of the tested material made by paraffin section technique was colored with Safranine Malachite Green contrast methods, and then observed and photographed by olymphus-BHT. Results : 1. Angelica tenuissima Root has considerable number of thick roots, but Chinese Ligusticum sinense Root and Ligusticum jeholense Root are composed of rhizomes mostly with small roots. 2. Intersection of rhizomes of Angelica tenuissima Root shows a 'V'-like arrangement of xylem vessel. 3. Chinese Ligusticum sinense Root and Ligusticum jeholense Root did not show the 'V'-like arrangement, and sliced fiber bundles were found in xylem. 4. There was no difference between Chinese Ligusticum sinense Root and Ligusticum jeholense Root. Conclusions : In conclusion, Angelica tenuissima Root, Chinese Ligusticum sinense Root, and Ligusticum jeholense Root show characteristic differences in internal forms, so that it is possible to distinguish them with optical microscope.
Cytotoxicity, Antibacterial and Antioxidant Activities of the Prescription Cheongyeolsodokum and Its Constituent Herbs
Lee, Jin-Tae ; Lee, Chang-Eon ; Son, Jun-Ho ; Lee, Jin-Young ; Park, Tae-Soon ; Lee, In-Cheol ; Song, Mi-Ae ; Cheon, Soon-Ju ; Jee, Seon-Young ; An, Bong-Jeun ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 20, issue 4, 2005, Pages 41~51
Objectives : The purpose of this research was physiological activities, cytotoxicity, and antibacterial activities of the Cheongyeolsodokum and its constituent herbs. Methods : Physiological activities, cytotoxicity, and antibacterial activities were examined through the Cheongyeolsodokum and its constituent herbs. Results : In the physiological activities, the electron donating ability(EDA) of the water and ethanol extracts from the Cheongyeolsodokum were over 60% and 80% at 100 ppm, respectively. The EDA of the water and ethanol extract from the Cheongyeolsodokum ingredients were gradually increased as well. Water and ethanol extracts from the Cheongyeolsodokum and its constituent herbs inhibited xanthine oxidase activity, they showed superoxide dismutase(SOD)-like activity. The Cheongyeolsodokum and its constituent herbs inhibited cancer cell growth in a dose-dependant manner. Also, the clear zones against Staphylococcus aureus and S. epidermidis were clear shown at 2.5 and 5 mg/disc. Its constituent herbs showed the clear zone against various bacteria such as Candida albicans, S. aureus, S. epidermidis, and S. mutans were shown at 0.5 and 1mg/disc. Conclusions : We observed physiological activities, cytotoxicity, and antibacterial activities of the Cheongyeolsodokum and its constituent herbs. The results also indicated that water extract and ethanol extract of Cheongyeolsodokum and its constituent herbs can be used as a natural ingredient in food or cosmetic industry.
Anti-oxidative Effects of Dendrobii Herba on Toxic Agent Induced Kidney Cell Injury
Kim, Young-Gyun ; Yang, Gi-Ho ; Cho, Su-In ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 20, issue 4, 2005, Pages 53~60
Objectives : This study was carried out to determine if Dendrobii Herba have protective effect against cell injury induced by various toxic agents in rat kidney slices. Water(DWe) and methanol(DMe) extracts were prepared for this experiment. Methods : Cell injury was estimated by measuring lactate dehydrogenase(LDH). Lipid peroxidation was examined by measuring malondialdehyde, a product of lipid peroxidation. Results : DMe prevented the LDH release by
, menadione, tert-butyl hydroperoxide and mercury treatment in vitro in kidney slices, but DWe prevented the LDH release by
and mercury. DMe also prevented reduction in GSH and lipid peroxidation induced by
and mercury. Conclusion : Thus, DMe may have more powerful efficacy on anti-oxidative effects when compared with DWe. And further studies have to be followed concerned with extraction of Dendrobii Herba and its change of effects.
Effects of the Rehmanniae Radix Preparat on Ovariectomized Rats
Cho, Su-In ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 20, issue 4, 2005, Pages 61~67
Objectives : Obese and osteoporosis are diseases characterized by bone loss and morbidity with osteoporotic fracture is increasing in elderly. The present study was carried out to determine the effects of Rehmanniae Radix Preparat(RRP) on the postmenopausal obese. Methods : The variance of body weight, femoral bone weight, serum level of cholesterol and microscopic view of tibia were investigated. Animals were observed for 8 weeks, and vehicle and extracts of prescriptions were administered ad libitum. Results : Body weight increased significantly in 6 weeks after ovariectomy, and the weight of RRP administered group decreased significantly. RRP decreased the serum level of cholesterol. Conclusions : According to above results, RRP can be used for prevention and curing the postmenopausal obese.
Effect of Herba Ephedrae on Airway hyperreactivity
Lee, Seong-Cheol ; Park, Sung-Joo ; Seo, Sang-Wan ; Hwang, Sang-Wook ; Kim, Yong-Woo ; Song, Dal-Soo ; Chae, Younh-Seok ; Shin, Min-Kyo ; Song, Ho-Joon ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 20, issue 4, 2005, Pages 69~76
Objectives : HERBA EPHEDRAE (HE) has been used cough and asthma for long time in korea. In the present study, we examined the effect HE on the ovalbumin (OVA)-induced airway hyper-reactivity (AHR). Methods : To examine the effect of HE on AHR, mice were sensitized with 100 mg of OVA and 1mg of alum intraperitoneally on day 0 and 14. On day 28, mice were challenged on 3 consecutive days with 3% OVA and AHR was assessed 24 h after the last challenge. To examine severity of airway hyper-reactivity, we examined eosinophil population and cytokine production in bronchoaveloar lavage fluid(BALF) and stained with hematoxylin and eosin in lung. Results : HE potently inhibited the development of airway hyper-reactivity and also reduced the number of eosinophil during OVA-induced airway hyper-reactivity. HE also inhibited cytokines production such as IL-4, IL-5, IL-13 in BALF. Furthermore, HE inhibited proliferation of eosinophil in a dose dependent manner. Conclusions : These results suggest that HE may be beneficial oriental medicine for AHR.
A Study on a Morphological Identification of Akebiae Caulis and Aristoiochiae Manshuriensis Caulis
Min, Sang-Hong ; Kil, Ki-Jung ; Lee, Young-Jong ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 20, issue 4, 2005, Pages 77~82
Objectives : In order to distinguish Akebiae Caulis and Aristoiochiae Manshuriensis Caulis, their external and internal states were examined by microscope. Methods : The slice of the tested material made by paraffin section technique was colored with Safranine Malachite Green contrast methods, and then observed and photographed by olymphus-BHT. Results : 1. Akebiae Caulis has stone cells and fiber bundles in its pericycle part, which include square crystal of calcium oxalate. Outside of neogenesis has a lot of cells with square crystal of calcium oxalate. 2. Aristoiochiae Manshuriensis Caulis has a little lignified fiber bundles in its pericycle part, and parenchymatous cell has delicate starch grains and druse of calcium oxalate. Conclusions : In conclusion, internal forms of Akebiae Caulis and of Aristoiochiae Manshuriensis Caulis are different in that each includes square crystal of calcium oxalate and druse of calcium oxalate respectively, so that it may be possible to distinguish them with optical microscope.
The Effect of Morindae Radix Extracts on the Sciatic Nerve Neurectomized Osteoporotic ddy Mice Model Prevention Effects
Seo, Bu-Il ; Choi, Hong-Sik ; Kim, Yeon-Sub ; Seo, Young-Bae ; Kang, Jung-Soo ; Ko, Byung-Sub ; Kim, Ho-Kyoung ; Park, Ji-Ha ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 20, issue 4, 2005, Pages 83~94
Objectives : The present study attempted to reveal the effects of Morindae Radix extracts on the sciatic nerve neurectomized osteoporotic ddy mice model. Methods : Thickness of hind limbs and their differences, absolute and relative tibia weight and thickness, bone failure load, bone mineral density (BMD), histomorphometrical index, serum osteocalcin level, tibia calcium and phosphorus contents were monitored. Results : In sciatic neurectomized mice, thickness of hind limb, absolute and relative weights, thickness, failure loads, BMD of tibia, trabecular bone volume (TBV), thickness of trabecular bone and cortical bone thickness, length were significantly decreased. However, these changes of those dose-dependently reduced in MR extract-dosing group. Conclusions : it is considered that MR extracts have some favorable effect to prevent, the osteoporosis induced by sciatic neurectomy. However, the exact mechanism and the possibility of MR extract were remains unknown. In addition, the potential toxicity of these MR extracts were also unknown. So the further studies were needed about toxicological and pharmacological aspects.
A Study on a Morphological Identification of Cnidium Rhizome and Ligusticum Rhizome
Choi, Jeong-Kook ; Lim, Deog-Bin ; Lee, Young-Jong ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 20, issue 4, 2005, Pages 95~101
Objectives : In order to distinguish Cnidii Rhizoma and Ligustici Chuanxiong Rhizoma (cultivated in Korea and China), their external and internal states were observed via microscopic examination. Methods : The slice of the tested material made by paraffin section technique was colored with Safranine Malachite Green contrast methods, and then observed and photographed by olymphus-BHT. Results : Cnidii Rhizoma, Ligustici Chuanxiong Rhizoma (from Korea), and Ligustici Chuanxiong Rhizoma (from China) all demonstrated similar patterns as following : 1. external form 1) showing irregular nodular form with
diameter. 2) having several trochites in parallel, and nodulose root trace on surface. 3) in addition to yellow-white or yellow-gray intersections, yellow-brown oil sacs were distributed, with cambium resembling a form of annulus. 2. internal form 1) its root and rhizome is composed of 10 layers of cork, with narrow cortical layers. 2) its phloem is wide, and oval light yellow-brown oil sacs are distributed around. The closer to the cambium, the smaller it is. 3) cambium is a form of a wave-like ring or an irregular polygon. 4) xylem and vessel are rare, most of which are arranged in a 'V' format, and sometimes xylem fiber is found. 5) pith is composed of parenchymatous cell, and parenchyma is full of starch grains. Conclusions : In conclusion, C officinale, L. chuanxiong (from Korea), and L. chuanxiong (from China) have rhizomes in a similar form with no special difference. Therefore, it is concluded that C. officinale, L. chuanxiong (from Korea), and L. chuanxiong (from China) are categorized into the same species.
A Study on the Anti-Oxidation Effects of Menthae Herba (I)
Jung, Kwang-Hee ; Seong, Nak-Sull ; Lee, Young-Jong ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 20, issue 4, 2005, Pages 103~112
Objectives : In order to develop effective and safe anti-oxidation, the effects of Menthae Herba (M. spicata L. and M piperita L.) were examined. Methods : M. spicata L. and M. piperita L. of Menthae Herba were used to make water extracts and methanol extracts, and then its anti-oxidative effects were compared in vitro. Results : 1. M. spicata L. was stronger than M. piperita L. in anti-oxidative effects of methanol extracts, and water extracts showed similar anti-oxidation effects. 2. Water extracts of M. spicata L. was stronger than M. piperita L. showed a stronger superoxide anit-oxidation than the same-density ascorbic acid, so that water extracts were proved to be stronger than methanol extracts. 3. Methanol extracts' DPPH anti-oxidation was similar in M. spicata L. and M piperita L.. As for water extracts, M. spicata L. showed higher anti-oxidation and M. piperita L. had no anti-oxidation. 4. As for anti-oxidation of LDL and linoleic acid of methanol extracts, both M. spicata L. and M. piperita L. were stronger than a-tocopherol. As for the water extracts, these two showed similar level of anti-oxidative effect on linoleic acid, which is weaker that mehtanol extracts. 5. M. spicata L. includes more phenol than M. piperita L. Conclusions : Menthae Herba (M. piperita L. M. spicata L.) had anti-oxidation effect, so that it can be medically developed for anti-oxidation.
Bibliographical study on the source of Jisil
Kim, In-Rak ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 20, issue 4, 2005, Pages 113~119
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to determine new source of Jisil(枳實). Methods : Find out the source of Jisil in the history of herbal medicine. Results : 1. The source of jisil(枳實) is known as the immature fruit of Poncirus trifoliata Rafinesqul(Rutaceae) in the Korean Pharmacopoeia Eight Edition, the dried young fruit of Citrus aurantium L. and its cultivars or Citrus sinensis Osbeck(Fam. Rutaceae) in Pharmacopeia of the people's republic of china(English edition 2000). 2. Until Song dynasty, Jisil is the pericarp of the ripe fruit of Poncirus trifoliata 3. From Myeong dynasty the source of jisil(枳實) turn to the immature fruit of C. wilsonii, C. junos, C. aurantiun var. amara Conclusions : The source of Jisil(枳實) is the ripe fruit of Poncirus trifoliata.
A Study on the Protective Effects of Siegesbeckiae Herba on Neurotoxicity Induced by N-methyl-D-aspartic acid(NMDA)
Lee, In ; Seong, Nak-Sull ; Lee, Young-Jong ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 20, issue 4, 2005, Pages 121~132
Objectives : Siegesbeckiae Herba's effect on the protection of nerve cells was tested, and the effects were compared between Siegesbeckia glabrescens Makino, the state of which is spica imported from China, and original Korean leaves of it. Methods : After damaging nerve cells by exposing them on NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartic acid) and KA(kainic acid), Siegesbeckiae Herba's effect on cell death, inhibition rate, glutamate separation, and ROS(reactive oxygen species) production were examined. Results : 1. Siegesbeckiae Herba inhibited the cell death exposed to NMDA. 2. Siegesbeckiae Herba inhibited the amount of glutamate separated from nerve cells exposed to NMDA. 3. Siegesbeckiae Herba inhibited the production of ROS induced by NMDA. 4. Siegesbeckiae Herba did not inhibit the cell death exposed to KA. 5. Chinese Siegesbeckiae Spica had no inhibition effect on cell death. Conclusions : Siegesbeckiae Herba was effective in inhibiting the death of nerve cells exposed to NMDA, and in protecting nerve cells from various damages in nerve cell diseases. Because Chinese Siegesbeckiae Spica did not show such effects, it is necessary to closely examine those effects according to the used parts.
Study for the Standardization and Comparison by Processed Morindae Radix
Lee, Hye-Won ; Chun, Jin-Mi ; Lee, A-Yeong ; Kim, Ho-Kyoung ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 20, issue 4, 2005, Pages 133~140
Objectives : We have been used many herbal medicines after processing to improve the effect, decrease toxicity and side-effect, and change property. We have studied the physico-chemical change and HPLC pattern of Morindae Radix by means of processing method. Methods : This study was investigated the contents of loss on drying, residue on ignition, residue on acid insoluble ignition, 50% ethanol extract and HPLC pattern of Morindae Radix(Morinda officinalis How.) by processed and non-processed. We have conducted Morindae Radix and Damnacanthi Radix which is circulated in herbal medicine market by forgery. Processed Morindae Radix was prepared by heating of added to salt(SP), liquor(LP) and Glycyrrhizae Radix solution(GP) for 20-40 minutes. Results and Conclusions : From this analysis, we found that the content of 50% ethanol extract was increased by processing method. And we were detected distinguishable marker of processed and non-processed from Morindae Radix(Morinda officinalis How.) by HPLC pattern analysis.
The experimental Studies on the immunomodulational effects of Lonicerae Caulis et Folium -the effects of Lonicerae Caulis et Folium on cytokines production in mice splenocytes-
Lee, Young-Cheol ; Kwon, Taek-Hyun ; Ok, In-Soo ; Seo, Chang-Woo ; Kim, Yang-Jin ; Roh, Seong-Soo ; Seo, Young-Bae ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 20, issue 4, 2005, Pages 141~149
In order to investigate the immunomodulational effects of Lonicerae Caulis et Folium, the author measured cytokines production(IL-10, IL-12(P35), IL12(P40),
) in mice splenocytes. The results were obtained as follows : 1. The water extract of Lonicerae Caulis et Folium significantly enhanced the gene expression of IL-12(P35), IL-12(P40), but reduced the gene expression of IL-10,
. 2. In water fraction and ethyl acetate fraction, the gene expression of IL-12(P35),
was significantly increased and that of IL-12(P40), IL-10 was decreased. The above results demonstrate that Lonicerae Caulis et Folium has enhancing immune activity by upregulation of these cytokines. Therefore, if we make the relationship between these cytokines(IL-10, IL-12,
) besides IL-1, IL-4, IL-6,
and so on which concerned the immunopotentiation, the immunopotentiational mechanism of Lonicerae Caulis et Folium will be shown clearly.
The Relative Identification of C. officinale and L. chuanxiong by PCR-Mediated Fingerprinting
Choi, Ho-Young ; Kim, Dong-Wook ; Kim, Dong-Eun ; Suh, Young-Bae ; Ham, In-Hye ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 20, issue 4, 2005, Pages 151~161
Objectives : Our research purpose is to establish the standard identification analysis on C. officinale and L. chuanxiong in Korea and China by PCR-mediated fingerprinting. Methods : The Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP) and Randomly Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) method was used on Internal Transcribed Spacer (ITS) regions and rbcL regions to compare and discriminate genes extracted from crude drugs as C. officinale and L. chuanxiong in Korea and China. Results : L. chuanxiong Korea and China have very similar polymorphism, whereas L. chuanxiong in Korea and C. officinale have very different polymorphism in RFLP. And restriction enzymes AluI and SacI forms the specific fragment band only in C. officinale, they can be used as RFLP marker on ITS regions to discriminate among the species. Conclusions : The results could be applied in discriminating crude drugs among C. officinale and L. chuanxiong in Korea and China. Also they could be used in controlling drug quality, preserving medicinal plants, and improving plant description.