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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korea Journal of Herbology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Association of Herbology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Dec 2007
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Sep 2007
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Jun 2007
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Mar 2007
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A Comparative Study of between Cultivar and Wild type of Angelica tenuissima in korea
Han, Sin-Hee ; Lee, Jung-Hoon ; Kil, Gi-Jung ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 22, issue 3, 2007, Pages 1~7
Objectives : This research was observed by examining the external and internal parts and the quantity of the surface components of the wild type and cultivar of Angelica tenuissima in korea. Methods : The slice of the tested material made by paraffin section technique was colored with Safranine Malachite Green contrast methods, and then observed and photographed by the microscope and examined the quantity of the surface components. Results : 1. The cultivar has comparatively many thick roots while the wild type has many radicles, with its root and stem constituting the major part, and the size of its root is small. 2. In case of ferulic acid, the wild type contains 0.066% of it, while the cultivar, 0.031%, The wild type contains 4.258% of z-ligustilide and the cultivar, 1.956%. Conclusions : It was thought that there might be also some differences in their genetic characteristics, etc. On this, however, further in-depth study is needed.
A Comparative Study of between Cultivar and Wild type of Angelica dahurica in korea
Han, Sin-Hee ; Kang, Seok-Eun ; Kil, Gi-Jung ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 22, issue 3, 2007, Pages 9~14
Objectives : This research was observed by examining the external and internal parts and the quantity of the surface components of the wild type and cultivar of Angelica dahurica in korea. Methods : The slice of the tested material mede by paraffin section technique was colored with Safranine Malachite Green contrast methods, and then observed and photographed by the microscope and examined the quantity of the surface components. Results : In the shape of the roots, the wild type had a very thin main root and 2 long roots, while the cultivar had a long root branched out from the short and thick main root making a square pyramid shape. Isoimperatorin was detected at Rt
minutes. The wild type contained 0.56% while the cultivar contained it of 0.355%, thus the component of the wild type was about 1.5 times of that of the cultivar. Conclusions : It was thought that there might be also some differences in their genetic characteristics, etc.
Bibliographic study about the origin and habitat of common 4 kinds of herbs belong to Araceae.
Kim, Jee-Yong ; Ahn, Young-Tae ; Im, Jeong-Gyun ; Lee, Gum-San ; Kim, Jung-Hun ; Na, Seung-Young ; Oh, Seo-Jin ; Kim, Hong-Jun ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 22, issue 3, 2007, Pages 15~26
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to analyze the origin plants, the habitat and the characteristics of the origin-plants of the medicine herbs belong to Araceae. Methods : To achieve the purpose of this study 48 bibliographies about 4 kinds of herbs belong to Araceae were examined. The examination was focused on the origin plants, habitat, the efficacy. Standing on this analysis the list and characteristics of the origin-plants were presented. Results : The results indicated that 1. In the original plants of 4 kinds of herbs, there were 27 species of scientific name totally, 25 species belonged to Araceae, and 2 species didn't. The origin plants of Pinelliae rhizoma were 3 species of different family plant, 16 species for Arisaematis Rhizoma, 2 species for Typhoni Rhizoma, and 6 species for Acori Graminei Rhizoma. 2. In the view of its authenticity, there was one kind of genuine species, 2 species of substitutes in the origin plants of Pinelliae Rhizoma, 14 kinds of genuine species, 2 species of substitutes in the origin plants of Arisaematis Rhizoma, and Whole origin plants of Typhoni Rhizoma, Acori Graminei Rhizoma were genuine species. 3. According to the habitat, there were 15 species distributed in Korea, China and so on. And 16 species were distributed in Korea, 25 species were of foreign origin. 1 species was unknown. 4. The each efficacy of origin plants were reported in the main subject Conclusions : Among the 4 medicinal herbs in the commonly using family Araceae, there were 27 origin plants(25 species belong to Araceae, and 2 species doesn't), so the number of origin plants are almost 6.75 times compared with the cases of the herbal name. Also, according to the habitat, approximately 59.3% of origin plants were producted in Korea, and approximately 92.6% of origin plants were of foreign origin.
Herbal medicine In-Jin-Ho-Tang as a potential anti-cancer drug by induction of apoptosis in human hepatoma HepG2 cells.
Yun, Hyun-Joung ; Kim, Byung-Wan ; Lee, Chang-Hyun ; Jung, Jae-Ha ; Heo, Sook-Kyung ; Park, Won-Hwan ; Park, Sun-Dong ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 22, issue 3, 2007, Pages 27~37
Objectives: Hepatocellular carcinoma is the most common primary malignant tumor of the liver worldwide. In-Jin-Ho-Tang(IJHT) has been used as a traditional Chinese herbal medicine since ancient time. and today it is widely applied as a medication for jaundice which is associated with inflammation in liver. In this study, I investigated whether methanol extract of IJHT induced HepG2 cancer cell death. Methods: Cytotoxic activity of IJHT on HepG2 cells was using XTT assay. Apoptosis induction by Ros A in HCT116 cells was verified by the induction of cleavage of poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP). and activation of caspase-3, -8 and -9. The release of cytochrome c from mitochondria to cytosol. the level of Bcl-2 and Bax and the expression of p53 and p21 were examined by western blotting analysis. Furthermore, MAPKs activation was analyzed by western blotting analysis. Results: IJHT induced apoptosis in HepG2 cells. And treatment of IJHT resulted in the release of cytochrome c into cytosol, decreased anti-apoptotic Bcl-2, and increased pri-apoptotic Bax expression. IJHT markedly inactivated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2), and activated p38 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase. Sodium orthovanadate (SOV), a phosphatase inhibitor, to reverse IJHT-induced ERK1/2 inactivation and SB203580, a specific p38 MAP Kinase inhibitor efficiently blocked apoptosis of HepG2. Thus, IJHT induces apoptosis in HepG2 cells via MAP kinase modulation. Conclusion: These results indicated that IJHT has some potential for use as an anti-cancer agent.
Study on Biophoton Emission from roots of Angelica sinensis D., Angelica acutiloba K., and Angelica pubescens M.
Park, Wan-Su ; Lee, Chang-Hoon ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 22, issue 3, 2007, Pages 39~45
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to investigate the delayed luminescence-biophoton emission from root of Angelica sinensis D., Angelica acutiloba K., and Angelica pubescens M. These three species of Genus Angelica are now imported from other nations into Republic of Korea. Methods : Randomly selected samples from roots of Angelica sinensis D., Angelica acutiloba K., and Angelica pubescens M. were radiated with 150 W metal halide lamp for 1 minute. After radiation. biophoton emissions of each sample were detected by electron multiplication(EM)-charge coupled device camera. The detected biophoton image was calculated with unit of counts per pixel. Results: The average biophoton emissions of delayed luminescence with EM ratio of
250 were distinguished significantly. The maximum biophoton emissions of delayed luminescence with EM ratio of
250 were distinguished significantly. Conclusions : These results suggest that biophoton imaging of roots of Angelica sinensis D., Angelica acutiloba K., and Angelica pubescens M. could become the meaningful method for the study of differentiation for these three species of Genus Angelica.
Research on Effects of Cordyceps Sinensis in Spleen Cells of Mouse.
Lee, Jey-Young ; Roh, Seong-Soo ; Seo, Young-Bae ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 22, issue 3, 2007, Pages 47~55
Objectives : This study was carried out to know the effect of Cordyceps sinensis(CS) on the immune inflammatory responses of spleen cells and function or immunocytes of the normal mouse. Methodes: We investigated effects of Cordyceps sinensis(CS) on normal immunocytes, gene expression of IL-12, IFN-
and surface-receptor expression of
, CD4+, CD8+ and CD19+ cells were measured by PCR and FACS. Results : CS activated adhisive splenic cells morphologically as compared with the control group in the normal spleen cells of BALB/C mice. CS enhanced gene expression of interleukin-12 and interferon-gamma in a dose-dependent manner in the normal spleen cells of BALB/C mice. CS reduced the number of activating cells and surface-receptor expression of CD4+, CD8+ and CD19+. Conclusion : Cordyceps sinensis will be used as a stable remedium in the auto-immune diseases.
Research on Effects of Cordyceps Sinensis in Collagen Induced Arthritis Mouse-Model.
Shin, Mi-Kyung ; Roh, Seong-Soo ; Seo, Young-Bae ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 22, issue 3, 2007, Pages 57~65
Objectives : We examined to know the effect of Cordyceps sinensis(CS) on arthritis mouse induced by type II collagen. Methods : To analyse immunomodulatory effects of CS, arthritis index, incidence, hind paw edema, DTH, spleen weight, the number of hemocytes, and surface-receptor expression of CD4+, CD8+ and CD19+ cells in DBA/IJ mice which is experimental model of arthritis induced by collagen were measured in vivo. Results: CS reduced arthritis index, incidence, hind paw edema and DTH significantly as compared with the control group in experimental model of arthritis induced by collagen. CS enhanced the spleen weight significantly as compared with the control group but didn't enhanced the number of leukocytes and thrombocytes in experimental model of arthritis. CS enhanced the number of activating cells and surface-receptor expression of CD4+, CD8+ cells as compared with the control group but didn't enhanced those of CD19+ cells in experimental model of arthritis. Conclusion : We found out that CS may have a suppressing effect againist auto-immune disease and will be need continuous research in looking for the more effective mechanism in the future.
Research on Effects of Cordyceps Sinensis in Arthritis Synovial Cells
Kim, Chan-Ku ; Roh, Seong-Soo ; Seo, Young-Bae ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 22, issue 3, 2007, Pages 67~76
Objectives : This study was carried out to know the effect of Cordyceps sinensis(CS) on the immune inflammatory responses of athritis and function. Methodes : To analyse immunomodulatory effects of CS, cytotoxicity and inhibition of proliferation against of synovial cells, gene expression of inflammatory mediators such as TNF-
and IL-6, DNA-binding activity of
and AP-1 were measured in vitro. Results : CS didn't show cytotoxicity against human synovial cells and inhibited proliferation of human synovial cells in a dose-dependent manner in combination with rIL-6. CS reduced the gene expression of IL-6 and IL-1
in a dose- dependent manner but didn't reduced that of TNF-
in human synovial cells. CS reduced the binding-activity of
and also reduced that of AP-1 remarkably. Conclusion: We found out that Cordyceps sinensis has immunomodulatory effect of suppressing synovial cells. And Cordyceps sinensis will be used as a stable remedium in the auto-immune disease in the future.
Effects on osteoporosis of Senescence Accelerated Mice (SAM) P6 by Injection of Placenta extracts (
Kim, Mi-Jung ; Yum, Do-Young ; Koo, Bon-Taq ; Ma, Jin-Yeul ; Shin, Hyun-Kyu ; Lee, Mi-Young ; Shin, Dong-Won ; Park, Jong-Cheol ; Yu, Young-Beob ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 22, issue 3, 2007, Pages 77~83
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of the Hominis placenta extracts on improvement of senile osteoporosis (Type 2) in SAM P6. In traditional Oriental medicine, Placenta (Jahageo) is indicated for insufficiency of blood and tidal fever due to steaming bone disorder. Methods : At 10 weeks after birth, Placenta ex. was given 100 mL, 200 ml/kg/day, i.p. 3 times a week for 4 weeks in SAM P6 mice. And then we measured complete blood cells, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, inorganic phosphate and total iron. In addition, we tested bone mineral density (BMD) using the soft X-ray. Results : As a result, in SAM P6, injection of Placenta ex. (200 mL) increased in RBC, HB and PLT, in comparison with control group. It was also found that the inorganic phosphate levels increased significantly in the injection groups of the Placenta ex. from that of the control group, but blood urea nitrogen was no significant. Moreover, Placenta ex. were showed a trend of increase in bone mineral density (BMD) of the vertebrae lumbales and tibia in P6 mice. Conclusions : These findings suggest that Placenta ex. are effective in preventing bone loss in SAMP6.
Study on anti-oxidant and cosmeceutical activities of Isatis tinctoria L.
Kim, Young-Hun ; Cho, Woo-A ; Cheon, Soon-Ju ; Jang, Min-Jung ; Sung, Ji-Yeun ; Jung, Su-Hyun ; Choi, Hyang-Ja ; Kim, Dae-Ik ; Kim, Jung-Ok ; Lee, Chang-Eon ; An, Bong-Jeun ; Lee, Jin-Tae ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 22, issue 3, 2007, Pages 85~91
Objective : In this study, anti-oxidant and cosmeceutical activities of Isatis tinctoria L. extracted from water, ethanol and supercritical fluid condition were confirmed to investigate cosmeceutical activities for utilization as cosmetic ingredient. Methods: Anti-oxidant and cosmeceutical activities were investigated by using electron donating ability, xanthine oxidase, tyrosinase, astringent effect. Result : Isatis tinctoria L. extracts by supercritical fluid, water and ethanol showed good electron donating ability which were 82.7%, 62.6% and 44.8% at the concentration at 1,000ppm, respectively. Xanthine oxidase activity related with purine metabolism was inhibited by ethanol extract about 52.3% at the concentration at 1,000ppm. Tyrosinase inhibition effects, by supercritical fluid extract, ethanol extract and water extract, were 83.3%, 52.9% and 41.2% respectively at 1,000ppm. In the measurement of astringent effect, supercritical fluid extract at the concentration to 5,000ppm showed 85.7% in related activity. The water extract showed 95.9% nitrite scavenging activity at 5,000ppm. Conclusion : According to these results, it is possible that the extract of Isatis tinctoria L. can be used as a new natural material of cosmetic industry.
Effects of Folium Perillae on cytokine productions in ischemic rats
Yang, Gi-Ho ; Kim, Hyung-Woo ; Cho, Su-Jin ; Kim, Sang-Dae ; Yoon, Kwan-Hee ; Kim, Bu-Yeo ; Jeong, Hyun-Woo ; Cho, Su-In ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 22, issue 3, 2007, Pages 93~99
Objective : The present study was carried out to investigate the effects of Folium Perillae (FP) on several cytokine production such as IL-1
, IL-10 and TGF-
to determine related mechanisma in Rats. Methods: So, we investigated the effects of FP on levels of several cytokines such as IL-l
, IL-10 and TGF-
in ischemic rats. Results: In this experiment, IL-10, an immune-modulatory cytckine, level was elevated by treatment with FP, but another regulatory cytokine, TGF-
1 level was not affected. On the other hand, levels of IL-l
, an inflammatory cytokines, were lowered by treatment with FP effectively. Conclusion : In conclusion, these results suggest that FP is useful to treat patient with disease related to cerebral ischemia, because FP can elevate IL-10 level, lower IL-l
Effects of Anemarrhenae Rhizoma on anti-oxidative activities
Beak, Gwang-Hyun ; Cho, Su-Jin ; Cho, Hyun-Ju ; Hong, Gwang-Hae ; Kim, Hyung-Woo ; Cho, Su-In ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 22, issue 3, 2007, Pages 101~107
Objective : This study was carried out to investigate diagnostic difference and anti-oxidative effect of 3 different Anemarrhenae Rhizoma (AR) extracts. Methods : Microscopic examination was used to distinguish histological differences. And eliminative ability of several kinds of free radicals was also measured. Results : In microscopic examination, we can distinguished three different lineage of AR with different structure of vascular bundles and secretory structures. The extract of AR show profitable abilities of elimination of DPPH free radical, ABTS free radical and hydrogen peroxide. Conclusion : So, it can be concluded that AR extract has an anti-oxidative effects. Especially indeciduous lineage was most effective to remove free radicals.
Lipid lowering activity of Ponciri Fructus and Aurantii Fructus Immaturus on hyperlipemia rats induced by Triton WR-1339.
Ham, In-hye ; Lee, Ung-Cheol ; Lee, Byong-hee ; Choi, Ho-young ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 22, issue 3, 2007, Pages 109~116
Objective : In order to elucidate hyperlipidemic effects of the fruits of Poncirus trifoliata and Citrus aurantium, our experimental study was performed on hyperlipidemia rats induced by Triton WR-1339. Method : The hyperlipidemia rats induced by intraperitonial injection of triton WR-1339 were treated with the fruits of P. trifoliata (rare and preparata) and C. aurantium 50 and 200mg/kg. The amount of triglyceride. total cholesterol. HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, AST. and ALT levels were measured. Results: The levels of triglyceride. total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol were significantly reduced in fruits of P. trifoliata (rare and preparata) and C. aurantiu. Simvastatine treated group compared with those of control but the level of HDL-cholesterol was incresed. The level of AST and ALT were not significantly reduced by the treatment to the fruits of P. trifoliata (rare and preparata) and C. aurantium. Conclusion : In the hyperlipidemia rats induced by triton WR-1339. the fruits of P. trifoliata (rare and preparata) and C. aurantium showed a hyperlipidemic effect.
Inhibitory Effect of Aqueous Extract from Lonicera japonica Flower on LPS-induced Inflammatory Mediators in RAW 264.7 Macrophages.
Yun, Young-Gab ; Kim, Gyu-Min ; Lee, Sung-Jun ; Ryu, Seong-Hun ; Jang, Seon-Il ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 22, issue 3, 2007, Pages 117~125
Objective : Lonicera japonica (Caprifoliaceae) has long been used for treatment of infectious diseases in oriental countries. The aim of this study was to investigative the effect by which the aqueous extract from flower of L. japonica (LJFAE) inhibited the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory mediators in murine macrophages, RAW 264.7 cells Methods : The dried flowers of L. japonica were extracted with distilled water at
for 7 h. The extract was filtered through 0.45
filter, freeze-dried. The dried extract was dissolved in Hank's balanced salt solution (HBSS) and filtered through 0.22
filter before use. Accumulated nitrite, an oxidative product of nitric oxide (NO), was measured in the culture medium by the Griess reaction. The levels of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), tumor necrosis factor-
), and IL-6 production, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and Western blot analysis. Results: LJFAE (10-400
/ml) per se had no cytotoxic effect in unstimulated macrophages, but LJFAE concentration-dependently reduced NO, PGE2, TNF-, IL-l, and IL-6 production and COX-2 activity caused by stimulation of LPS. The levels of iNOS and COX-2 protein expressions were markedly suppressed by the treatment with LJFAE in a concentration dependent manner. Conclusions : These results suggest that LJFAE suppress the NO and PGE2production in macrophages by inhibiting iNOS and COX-2 expression and these properties may contribute to the anti-inflammatory activity of Lonicera japonica.
Inhibitory effect of FLOS CHRYSANTHEMI on the maturation of dendritic cells
Park, Sung-Joo ; Choi, Byung-Min ; Song, Ho-Joon ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 22, issue 3, 2007, Pages 127~132
Objectives : FLOS CHRYSANTHEMI (FC) has been reported to possess a variety of pharmacological activities. However, the effect of FC on the dendritic cells has not been determined. Methods : To examine the effect of FC on the immune response, we used several methods such as flow cytometric analyses, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results : 1. FC inhibited lipopolysacchride (LPS)-induced maturation of bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (BMDC) such as down-regulation of MHC class II and CD40. 2. FC also inhibited uptake of FITC-Dextran in BMDC stimulated with LPS. 3. Furthermore, FC inhibited several kinds of cytokine production such as TNF-a, IL-6 and IL-12 in BMDC. Conclusions : These results suggest that FC plays pivotal role m the development of inflammatory diseases.