Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korea Journal of Herbology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Association of Herbology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Dec 2008
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Sep 2008
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Jun 2008
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Mar 2008
Selecting the target year
Physiological Activity of Extracts from Mixed Culture of Medical Herbs and Mycelia of Tricholoma matsutake and Cordyceps militaris by Fermentation
Lee, Hyoung-Beom ; Kim, Hae-Ja ; Chong, Myong-Soo ; Cho, Hwa-Eun ; Choi, Yun-Hee ; Lim, Kyu-Sang ; Lee, Ki-Nam ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 23, issue 1, 2008, Pages 1~8
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate extracts from mixed culture of Oriental medicines and cereal medium and mycelia of Trichloma matsutake and Cordyceps militaris by fermentation to develop new material for pharmaceutical products and medicinal food, Methods : To evaluate physiological activities of OCM extracts, we examined antioxidant activity(total polyphenol contents, electronic donating ability, SOD-like activity),
-glucan contents, nitric oxide production and cytotoxicity by MTT assay. Results : Total polyphenol contents of fermented OCM(UF) and non-fermented OCM(UM) extracts were more than 40% UM and UF of DPPH radical scavenging activity was 25.67%, 23.43% respectively. Total polyphenol content of non-fermented extract (UME) was 12.57%, while that of fermented extract(UFE) was 7.05%. SOD like activity showed UM 85.35%, UF 76.18%, UME 58.42%, UFE 72.21%. UME, and UFE 31.43%,
-glucan contents of UME and UFE were more than 40%. NO productions of UME, and UFE showed a LPS dose dependent tendency. Cytotoxicity on Raw 264.7 cell showed more than 90% viability. Inhibitory effect of UFE on HT1080 cell growth was higher than UME. Conclusions : These results showed that extracts from mixed culture of mushroom mycelium and OCM have physiological activities which can be used in pharmaceutical products and medicinal food.
Effects of Water Extracts from Lagocephalus wheeleri with Several Herbs on Hyperlipemia and Liver Damage Induced by Alcohol
Seo, Bu-Il ; Park, Ji-Ha ; Choi, Hong-Sik ; Kim, Seung-Mo ; Gu, Deok-Mo ; Kim, Mi-Ryeo ; Park, Jin-Hyun ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 23, issue 1, 2008, Pages 9~15
Objectives : This study was performed to investigate the effect of water extracts from Lagocephalus wheeled with several herbs(LW) on hyperlipemia and liver damage induced by alcohol. Methods : Except for the normal group, we fed rat on 25% alcohol for 55 days. And each extract was administrated for the same period. We measured the serum component in rat's blood, body weight and weight of liver. Results : At first, we observed effects of LW on hyperlipemia induced by alcohol. LW group didn't show significant increase of total cholesterol in comparison with those of the control group. LW group didn't show significant increase of HDL(High-Density lipoprotein) cholesterol in comparison with those of the control group. LW group showed significant decrease of triglyceride in comparison with those of the control group. LW group showed significant increase of body weight in comparison with those of the control group in 4weeks and 8weeks. LW group showed significant increase of liver weight in comparison with those of the control group. At second, we observed effects of LW on liver damage induced by alcohol. LW group showed significant decrease of ALP, GOT, GPT and LDH in comparison with those of the control group. Conclusions : Reviewing these experimental results, it appears that water extracts from Lagocephalus wheeleri with several herbs have pharmaceutical efficacy on hyperlipidemia and liver damage induced by alcohol. Therefore further additional study should be conducted to elucidate in depth the pharmaceutical efficacy of this.
Effects of Herbal-cheonggukjang on Serum Cholesterol Levels in Rats
Kim, Hyung-Woo ; Cho, Su-Jin ; Kim, Bu-Yeo ; Jung, Sun ; Park, Jung-Suk ; Lee, Sook-Young ; Cho, Su-In ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 23, issue 1, 2008, Pages 17~22
Ojectives : Cheonggukjang(natto) is known to have anti-hyperlipidemic action. This study was designed to investigate whether Herbal-cheonggukjang (HC, Herbal-natto) is more effective than cheonggukjang only, Methods : We investigated anti-hyperlipidemic effects of HC in hyperlipidemic rats induced by high-fat diet in terms of observation on levels of total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol and triglyceride in serum. HC was made by cheonggukjang added Codonopsis Lanceolata, Houttuynia cordata and Lentinus edodes in indicated concetrations. Results : In this experiment, hyperlipidemic rats showed elevated levels of total cholesterol and triglyceride, and also showed lowered level of HDL-cholesterol. Oral administration of HC decreased levels of total cholesterol and triglyceride, Cheonggukjang(natto) did not affect levels of total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol and triglyceride. Conclusions : In these results, oral administration of HC decreased total cholesterol and triglyceride effectively. These results demonstrate that HC is useful to modulate cholesterol and triglyceride in serum.
Effects of Socheongryong-Tang on Immunoglobulin Production in Asthmatic Mice
Jung, Sun ; Cho, Su-Jin ; Moon, Kyoung-Il ; Kim, Hyung-Woo ; Kim, Bu-Yeo ; Cho, Su-In ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 23, issue 1, 2008, Pages 23~28
Objectives : Socheongryong-Tang(小靑龍湯, SCRT), a herbal remedy, has been widely used to treat respiratory disease such as cough and asthma in Oriental countries. Recent years SCRT was known as anti-allergic agent. However, its therapeutic mechanisms including immunoglobuline such as IgE, IgG1, IgG2a productions are unclear. Methods : We investigated the effects of SCRT on levels of antigen specific total antibody, IgE, IgG1, IgG2a using ELISA method in serum from allergen-induced asthma mice. Results : SCRT decreased level of antigen specific IgE significantly. And SCRT treated mice showed downward tendency of IgG1, a Th1 relative antibody, level. But, SCRT did not affect levels of antigen specific total antibody and IgG2a, a Th1 relative antibody. Conclusions : we demonstrated the strong possibility of SCRT as a complementary or alternative drug to western drug also demonstrated that regulation of Th1/Th2 imbalance may be one of mechanism contributed to treatment for respiratory disease by SCRT.
Anti-inflammatory Effect of Evodia Officinalis
in Mouse Macrophage and Human Vascular Endotherial Cells
Yun, Hyun-Jeung ; Heo, Sook-Kyoung ; Lee, Young-Tae ; Park, Won-Hwan ; Park, Sun-Dong ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 23, issue 1, 2008, Pages 29~38
Objectives : Evodia officinalis DODE (EO), an herbal plant, has been widely used in traditional Korean medicine for the treatment of vascular diseases such as hypertension. The crude extract of EO contains phenolic compounds that are effective in protecting liver microsomes, hepatocytes, and erythrocytes against oxidative damage. But EO has been little found to have an anti-inflammatory activity. We investigated anti-inflammatory activity of EO in RAW 264.7 cells and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Methods : Cytotoxic activity of EO on RAW 264.7 cells was investigated by using 5-(3-caroboxymeth-oxyphenyl)-2H-tetra-zolium inner salt (MTS) assay. The nitric oxide (NO) production was measured by Griess reagent system. And proinflammatory cytokines were measured by ELISA kit. The levels of intracellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) expression were measured by flow cytometer. Results : EO decreased LPS-induced NO production in RAW 264.7 cells. The inhibitory activity of EO on LPS-induced NO release is probably associated with suppressing TNF-
, IL-6 and MCP-1 formation. These results indicate that EO has potential as an anti-inflammatory agent. Moreover, EO decreased TNF-
-induced IL-8, IL-6 production, and ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 expression in HUVECs. Conclusions : EO inhibits TNF-
-induced inflammation via decreasing cytokines production and adhesion molecules expression. These results indicate that EO has potential as an anti-inflammation and anti-artherosclerosis agent.
Study on Use of Native Medicinal Woody Plants in the Chonnam Area
Kim, Chae-Hyun ; Jeong, Jong-Gil ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 23, issue 1, 2008, Pages 39~44
Objectives : Through surveying the vegetation of woody plants naturally growing in the Chonnam Area. we expect to make good use of the surveyed data for the conservation and utilization of woody plants in the Chonnam Area. And also we hope that we could make a good opportunity to love and conserve the Chonnam Area through this report. Methods : we inspected native and cultivated medicinal woody plants in the Chonnam Area by report and survey, and researched medicinal part through the herbalogy literature. Results : 1. According to the investigation of medicinal woody plant in the Chonnam area, it bears 189 species, 139 genera and 62 families. 2. Rosaceae and Quercus are the biggest share of medicinal woody plants in the Chonnam area. 3. In aspect of medicinal part, roots of 100 species, leaves of 102 species, fruits of 80 species, and barks of 67 species have been using. The leaves part of the most plants are abundantly used. 4. About 30 species of medicinal woody plants are distributed distinctively in Korea. Conclusions : According to the investigation of medicinal woody plant in the Chonnam area, it bears 189 species, 139 genera and 62 families.
A Herbological Study on the Plants of Polypodiaceae in Korea
Kim, Chae-Hyun ; Jeong, Jong-Gil ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 23, issue 1, 2008, Pages 45~51
Objectives : For the purpose of developing Korean herbalogy of the plants belonging to Polypodiaceae in Korea, the literatures of the successive generations have been thoroughly investigated to prepare this article. The results of this study are as follows : Methods : The examined herbalogical books and research papers which published at home and abroad. Results : 1. There are totaled to 8 genera and 24 species in Polypodiaceae in Korea and among them medicinal plants are 7 genera, 11 species, some 46% in total. 2. Pyrrosia genus is main kind enough that it has 5 species among 24 species in Polypodiaceae, of which medicinal plants are 3 species. 3. The herb is the main medicinal parts if medicinal plants in the Polypodiaceae, which is used in 9 species. 4. According to nature and flavor of medicinal plants in the Polypodiaceae, they were classified into cool 9 species, and cold 5; sweet taste 10 and bitter taste 8 in the order. 5. According to meridian propism of medicinal plants in the Polypodiaceae, they were classified into bladder meridian 5 species, lung meridian 4 species. 7.The number of toxic species in the Polypodiaceae was examined to be none. Conclusions : There are totaled to 8 genera and 24 species in Polypodiaceae in Korea and among them medicinal plants are 7 genera, 11 species, some 46% in total.
Effects of Gagambojungikgi-tang on the Immune Mediators Regulation and Wound Healing in the rSj26 or Chemical Antigen induced Atopic Dermatitis Model Mice
Heo, Jung-Hun ; Song, Han-Na ; Jang, Seon-Il ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 23, issue 1, 2008, Pages 53~61
Objectives : The aim of this study was to investigative the effects of Gagambojungikgi-tang (GBT), a Korean herbal medicine, on the immune mediators, T cell proliferation and wound healing in the recombinant Sj26 (rSj26) antigen induced atopic dermatitis(AD) model mice. Methods : GBT is the water extracts prepared from mixture of Ginseng Radix, Astragali Radix, Angelicae gigantis Radix, Atractylodes Rhizoma alba, Aurantii nobilis Pericarpium, Glycyrrhizae Radix, Artemisia iwayomogi Herba, Scutellaria Radix, Lonicera japonica Flos. This is a modified prescription of Bojungikgi-tang, which has been used for the treatment of indigestion, and immunological disease in east-asian countries. GBT was orally administered or externally applied at difference doses. The levels of immune mediators [(IgE, IgG1, prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), Th1/Th2 cytokines], T cell proliferation, and wound healing in the rSj26 or chemical antigen induced AD model BALB/c were investigated. Results : GBT dose-dependently suppressed the release of TNF-
(Th1 cytokines), IL-4, IL-10 (Th2 cytokines), PGE2 (inflammatory mediators) and T cell proliferation. But GBT increased the production of IFN-
(Th1 cytokine). Furthermore, A wound healing effect of GBT was similar to external application of dexamethasone. Conclusions : These results suggest that GBT suppresses the inflammatory mediators and regulates the Thl/Th2 cytokines, and promotes the wound healing. Therefore, these properties may contribute to the strong anti-AD effect of GBT.
Effects of Uncooked Korean Food on Blood Glucose and Antioxidant Fnzyme Activities of Streptozotocin-induced Diabetic Rats
Bae, Han-Ho ; Song, See-Won ; Nam, Tae-Heung ; Cho, Chung-Sik ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 23, issue 1, 2008, Pages 63~74
Objectives : This study has been carried out to understand the effect of Uncooked Korean Food(F-DM) on blood glucose and antioxidant enzyme activities in streptozotocin-induced Diabetic Rats. Methods : SD rats were separated into four groups(each with 20 rats). Except normal two group, the other two groups were injected into intra-peritoneal with streptozotocin 60 mg/kg. Experimental group was eated Feed with 25% F-DM for 4 weeks. The change of plasma glucose level, body weight were observed. After 4 weeks, liver and kidney weight, antioxidant enzyme activities, survival rate were observed with histological changes on liver, kidney and pancreas. Results : In experimental group, body weight and survival rate increased, plasma glucose level were decreased significantly. Liver and kidney weight, XOD activity were decreased in experimental group compared to control group. GSH-px and CAT activities, insulin- immunoreactive granules in p-cells were increased significantly in experimental group compared to control group. Conclusions : This study shows that the F-DM might be effective for treatment of diabetes and its complications, as well as reduction of the oxidative stress.
Effects of Extract of Hyperici Japonici Herba on Lung Cells in Asthma-indused Mice by OVA Exposure
Lee, Young-Yong ; Seo, Young-Bae ; Lee, Young-Cheol ; Seo, Bu-Il ; Roh, Seong-Soo ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 23, issue 1, 2008, Pages 75~83
Objectives : The present study was carried out to investigate the effect of Hyperici Japonici Herba on the proliferation and activation of eosinophils which were prepared from lung cells of asthma-induced mice by ovalbumin(OVA) treatment. Methods : C57BL/6 mouse was exposed to OVA three times a week for 6 weeks. The mouse lung tissues were dissected out, chopped and dessiciated with collagenase(1
/ml). Eosinophils were activated by rIL-3/rmIL-5 co-treatments. The lung cells were treated with extract of Hyperici Japonici Herba(EHH), incubated for 48 hr at
, and analyzed by flow cytometer. ELBA, RT-PCR, immunocytochemistry stain. Results : The cell number ratio of granulocyte,
cells was increased in rmIL-5/rIL-3 treated control group compared to the normal group. Cells numbers in the experimental animal group treated with EHH was all decreased. In ELISA analysis, IL-4, IL-5, IL-13 protein levels and histamine release level were greatly increased in the control group compared to the normal animal group, then significantly decreased in the experimental group with 100
/ml of EHH treatment. In RT-PCR analysis, the HT value of IL-4, IL-5, IL-13, CCR3, Eotaxin were increased in the control group compared to the normal animal group, then decreased in the experimental group with 100
/ml of EHH treatment. And eosinophil proliferation levels were 18847
1527(cpm) in the control group, 4676
972(cpm) in the positive control group, and 8675
677(cpm) in the experimental group with 100
/ml of EHH treatment. Conclusions : The present data suggested that Hyperici Japonici Herba may have an effects on the inhibition of parameters associated with asthma responses in eosinpophils, and thus implicate the possibility for the clinical application of EHH.
Preparation of Black Panax Ginseng by New Methods and its Antitumor Activity
Kim, Eui-Keom ; Lee, Jee-Hyun ; Cho, Soo-Hyun ; Shen, Gui-Nan ; Jin, Long-Guo ; Myung, Chang-Seon ; Oh, Han-Jin ; Kim, Dong-Hee ; Yun, Jae-Don ; Roh, Seong-Soo ; Park, Yong-Jin ; Seo, Young-Bae ; Song, Gyu-Yong ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 23, issue 1, 2008, Pages 85~92
Objectives : This study was performed to efficiently make Black Panax Ginseng (BPG) and evaluate its antitumor activity. Methods : Panax ginseng was steamed at
for 3 h, dried and steamed again at
for 6 h. The main ginsenosides of BPG were
. Results : Among the saponins in BPG, the amount of ginsenoside
was determined by HPLC method. The 11.48 mg of ginsenoside
was obtained from lg of dried BPG. The crude saponin fraction (CSF) of BPG was tested in vitro for its cytotoxic activities against various human cancer cell lines, such as ACHN, NCI-H23, HCT-15 and PC-3. The CSF of BPG exhibited stronger cytotoxic activity than that of red Panax ginsneng. CSF of BPG exhibited good cytotoxic activities against ACFIN, HCT-15, and PC-3 cell lines with
values of 60.3-90.8
/ml. However, CSF of BPG did not show any cytotoxic activity against NCI-H23 cell line. Conclusions : BPG produced by new manufacturing is more effective than BPG produced by existing processing in anticancer activity. And new BPG has a possibility of investigation because of high contents of Rg3, Rk1 and Rg5 that have various phisological activities.
Biological Activities of Extracts from Corni fructus, Astragalus membranaceus and Glycyrrhiza uralensis
Park, Chan-Sung ; Kim, Dong-Han ; Kim, Mi-Lim ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 23, issue 1, 2008, Pages 93~101
Objectives : This study was conducted to evaluate the antioxidative and anticancer activity of the water and ethanol extracts from medicinal herbs. Methods : Three kinds of medicinal herbs(Corni fructus, Astragalus membranaceus and Glycyrrhiza uralensis) were extracted with distilled water and 70% ethanol, and the extracts were tested for their antioxidative and anticancer activities. Results : The highest polyphenol contents of the water and ethanol extracts from medicinal herbs were 342.14 mg and 435.62 mg per 100 g of Cornus officinalis, respectively. The highest electron donating abilities (EDA) of the water and ethanol extracts from Glycyrrhiza uralensis were 88% and 91% at 1,000 ppm, respectively. The water and ethanol extracts from Astragalus membranaceus had the highest nitrite scavenging abilities (NSA) at 1,000 ppm. The highest anticancer activity of the extracts were from Glycyrrhiza uralensis against both of MDA and A549 cells. Conclusions : These results suggest that the medicinal herbs can be used as natural antioxidant to prevent oxidative damage in normal cells probably because of their antioxidant characteristics.
The Clinical Effect of Phellinus linteus Grown on Germinated Brown Rice in the Treatment of Atopic Dermatitis
Hong, Won-Kyu ; Shin, Jeong-Hyun ; Lee, Yeon-Hee ; Park, Dong-Ki ; Choi, Gwang-Seong ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 23, issue 1, 2008, Pages 103~108
Objective: Atopic dermatitis is the most common chronic inflammatory skin disease in childhood. Phellinus linteus, an orange color mushroom, has been used as a traditional herb medicine for years. Recent preliminary animal experiments suggest that Phellinus linteus grown on germinated brown rice is effective in chronic inflammatory disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Phellinus linteus grown on germinated brown rice in the treatment of atopic dermatitis(AD). Methods: 35 patients, 2 to 14 years of age, with mild to moderate AD were treated with Phellinus linteus grown on germinated brown rice powder per oral,
/day adjusted by the body weight, divided three for up to 12 weeks without other treatment. The mean age of patients was 7.3 years. The disease activity has been monitored by objective SCORAD index. The symptom score of the pruritus was measured by using a traditional visual analogue scale (VAS). In addition, the global assessments of clinical response were also monitored by patients or their parents. Results: After 12 weeks of the study, significant reductions in mean severity scores and mean symptom scores were observed. The mean objective SCORAD indices of 35 patients decreased from 25.31
8.96 to 18.73
13.89(p<0.05). And the mean symptom score of pruritus assessment decreased from 7.37
1.33 to 4.6
2.3(p<0.05). The patient's global assessment of clinical response were also improved through the period of treatment(p<0.05). Conclusions: Phellinus linteusgrown on germinated brown rice may play a role in the treatment of mild and moderate AD in Children.
A Study on Discriminative Criteria of 6 Kinds of Achyranthis Radix Using HPLC/DAD;Isolation and Identification of 20-hydroxyecdysone from Aclryranthes japonica
and Comparison of Patterns of Achyranthis Radix from Different Locations by HPLC
Kim, Jeong-Hi ; Kim, Jong-Mun ; Kang, Dae-Hoon ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 23, issue 1, 2008, Pages 109~116
Objectives : This study was performed to investigate the discriminative criteria of 6 kinds of Achyranthis Radix by HPLC/DAD. Methods : 20-hydroxyecdysone is isolated by silica gel column chromatography (
:MeOH, 7:1-1:1 v/v) and identified by nuclear magnetic resonance, A high-performance liquid chromatographic method with diode array detection was used to identify 20-hydroxyecdysone in A. japonica. The analysis was performed using
column with isocratic elution consisted of 18% acetonitrile and 82% water and the detection was carried out by DAD at 254 nm. 6 kinds of Achyranthis Radix from different locations were extracted in MeOH. Each extracts was analyzed by HPLC in same condition as used in analysis of 20-hydroxyecdysone. The identities of each extracts were determined by comparing the retention time and UV spectrum with that of reference compound. Results : 1. A. japonica and A. bidentata showed the similar patterns of HPLC chromatogram and 20-hydroxycedysone was present in both of them because the peaks having the same retention time and UV spectrum as 20-hydroxyecdysone were shown in the HPLC chromatograms of A. japonica and A. bidentata 2. Cyathula officinalis and C. capitata showed the similar patterns of HPLC chromatogram. The peak having the same retention time and UV spectrum as 20-hydroxyecdysone was shown in the HPLC chromatogram of C. capitata but not shown in the HPLC chromatogram of C. officinalis. 3. Two species of medicinal drugs from Sacheon province showed similar patterns of HPLC chromatogram. Achyranthis Radix from Sacheon(wild) did not have 20-hydroxycedysone but Achyranthis Radix from Sacheon(cultivated) showed the peak having the same retention time as 20-hydroxyecdysone but UV spectrum of the peak was different from that of 20-hydroxyecdysone. Conclusions : These results suggested that 20-hydroxyecdysone could be the discriminative criteria for Achyranthis Radix contain 20-hydroxyecdysone though they belong to different genus and species. And the patterns of HPLC chromatogram also could be the discriminative criteria as the different species of Achyranthis Radix belonging to the same genus showed similar patterns of HPLC chromatogram.
Study on the Attributive Channel Theory of Herbal Medicine by the Pharmacodynamic Research of 1-131 Labelled Hesperetin
Kim, Sung-Kyu ; Ham, In-Hye ; Bu, Young-Min ; Kim, Ho-Cheol ; Cho, Jung-Hyuck ; Choi, Ho-Young ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 23, issue 1, 2008, Pages 117~125
Objectives : This study was to verify the Attributive Channel theory of herbal medicine. Methods : [
]iodohesperetin was synthesized, separated, and refined from hesperetin, the major component of Citrus species, followed by observing the biodistribution in an organism of C57 BL/6 mice with and without Lewis Lung Carcinoma. Results : Iodohesperetin 27.5 mg was obtained through column cliromatography after a reaction with 50 mg of Hesperitin and 8 mg of Nal. The radiochemical yield of [
]iodohesperetin synthesis was 25 % when checked with Radio TLC chromatography. [131I]iodohesperetin was most largely distributed in the stomach, lung and liver of C57BL/6 mouse. The highest %ID/g in stomach was 40 min, in lung and liver was 20 min after injection. The % ID/g of tumor tissue was comparable with that of blood. Conclusions : The fact that [
]iodocurcumin was most largely distributed in the stomach, lung and liver was related with the Attributive Channel theory. And there was no significant finding related to tumor cells.
A Clinical Study on Patients with Hysterocele
Seo, Bu-Il ; Yun, Jumg-Mi ; Cha, Eon-Myung ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 23, issue 1, 2008, Pages 127~130
The hysterocele means the descent state of uterus than a normal position. We had medical treatments 3 patients with hysterocele (grade 1, 2 or 3) by invigorating qi and tonifying the kidney. And we had significant effects on patients with hysterocele grade 1, 2 by Soeuminbojungikgitang and Gamibojungikgitang. But we didn't cure a patient with hysterocele grade 3.