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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korea Journal of Herbology
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Journal DOI :
The Korea Association of Herbology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Dec 2008
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Sep 2008
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Jun 2008
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Mar 2008
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Subacute Oral Toxicity of Ephedrae Herba Extract in SD Rats
Choi, Dong-Gi ; Shim, Kyung-Jun ; Choi, Bong-Jae ; Park, Soo-Yeon ; Chang, Mun-Seog ; Park, Seong-Kyu ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 23, issue 4, 2008, Pages 1~7
Objectives: Ephedrae herba, also known as Ma-huang, is a traditional Korean medicinal herb. It has been used to treat asthma, nose and lung congestion, and fever with anhidrosis for centuries. Recently, Ma-huang was used as a source of ephedrine in many dietary supplements for weight reduction in the United States. The objective of this study was to investigate the subacute toxicity of ephedrae herba extract in rats. Methods: SPF Sprague-Dawley male rats were administered orally with ephedrae herba extract for 4 weeks as several doses(0, 125, 250, 500, 1,000, and 2,000 mg/kg). We examined number of deaths, clinical signs, body weights and gross findings for experimental period. Results: No dead animals were found during the experimental period. In addition, no differences were found between control and treated groups in clinical signs, hematology, serum biochemistry, and other findings. Conclusions: In conclusion, above data suggest that no observed adverse effect level of ephedrae herba extract in SD rats might be over 2,000 mg/kg/day in this study.
Effects of Rhodiola Rosea on Anti-Fatigue and Hypothalamic IEGs Expressions of Forced Swimming Rats
Ryu, Sa-Hyun ; Kim, Sun-Yeou ; Jung, Hyuk-Sang ; Sohn, Nak-Won ; Sohn, Young-Joo ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 23, issue 4, 2008, Pages 9~19
Objectives: In this study the authors investigated effects of the ethanolic extract of Rhodjola Rosea(HKC) on fatigue and hypothalamic IEG expression in rat forced swimming(FS) model. Methods: Sprague-Dawley rats were administered HKC extract(25 mg/100g, p.o.) for 3 days prior to FS, some rats underwent 10 min FS and others exhaustive forced swimming(EFS). In addition, other rats were administered extract at different times after EFS over 3 consecutive days. Results: When HKC administered before 10 mins of FS, serum actate dehydrogenase(LDH) and creatine phosphokinase(CPK) activities were significantly lower than control group. When HKC administered prior to EFS, blood lactate was significantly lower versus control group. When HKC was administered after EFS, blood lactate(at 6 and 24 hours after EFS) were significantly lower and serum LDH, CPK activities(at 24 hours after EFS) were significantly lower versus control group. When HKC was administered after EFS, c-Fos positive neurons in hypothalamic periventricular area(PVA), medial part(mPVN) and anterior hypothalamic nucleus caudal part(AHC) were significantly lower at 24 hours after EFS than in control group. HSP-72 positive neuron numbers in hypothalamus were significantly lower at 24 hours after EFS than in control group. Finally, when HKC was administered prior to 10 mins FS, HIF-
expression in the gastrocnemius muscle was significantly increased. Conclusions: These results suggest that HKC extract has an anti-fatigue effect, and it reduces neuronal cell stress responses induced by physical stress by having a beneficial effect on lactate metabolism.
A Study of Morphology and Pattern Analysis in Magnoliae Cortex
Lee, Guem-San ; Kim, Jung-Hoon ; Choi, Go-Ya ; Kang, Dae-Hoon ; Hwang, Sung-Yeoun ; Jeong, Seung-Il ; Kim, Hong-Jun ; Ju, Young-Sung ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 23, issue 4, 2008, Pages 21~29
Objectives: To determine the standards for discrimination of Magnoliae Cortex, the experiment of specific external-internal characters and the physicochemical pattern analysis were performed. Methods: External characteristics was observed using a stereoscope. Paraffin-mediated sectioned materials were stained by Ju's method. Physicochemical patterns of materials were analyzed using HPLC. Results: 1. Botanical characteristics: Magnolia officinalis had one seed and a white flower, while M. obovata had two seeds and a white flower. Machilus thunbergii had berry and spherical fruits and yellowish green panicles. 2. External characteristics: M. officinalis and M obovata were dark and thick. M. officinalis was gray brown and greasy while M. obovata was light-gray, less oily and smoothly sectioned. Machilus thunbergii was thin and relatively light or yellow-brown, coarsely sectioned and faintly specific scents. 3. Internal characteristics: The bast parts of M. officinalis and M. obovata were commonly wider than Machilus thunbergii The cork cortex of M. officinalis was
cell layers with many oil cells, while that of M. obovata was
cell layers with less oil cells. Machilus thunbergii's xylem which consisted of ring-shaped cambium at 1st and 2nd part was occupied in large portion. 4. Physicochemical pattern: Both M. officinalis and M. obovata involved honokiol and magnolol. All kinds of M. officinalis involved Magnatriol B but one kind of M. ovobata and all of Machilus thunbergii didn't. Machilus thunbergii showed different pattern of chromatogram from that of 2 species above. Conclusions: These results could be used as standards for discrimination of Magnoliae Cortex and as the method of objectification in medicinal herbs giving the basic resource for bioactivity research.
Effects of Cynanchi Wilfordii Radix on Prevention of Hyperlipidemia and Liver Damage Induced by Alcohol
Seo, Bu-Il ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 23, issue 4, 2008, Pages 31~38
Objectives: This study was performed to investigate the effects of water extract from Cynanchi Wilfordii Radix on prevention of hyperlipidemia and liver damage induced by alcohol. Methods: Except for the normal group, we fed rat on 25% alcohol for 55 days. And water extracts from Cynanchi Wilfordii Radix were administrated for the Cynanchi Wilfordii Radix group during the same period. We measured the serum components in rat's blood, body weight and weight of liver. Results: At first, we observed effects of Cynanchi Wilfordii Radix on prevention of hyperlipidemia induced by alcohol. Cynanchi Wilfordii Radix group showed significant decrease of total cholesterol and triglyceride in comparison with those of the control group. Cynanchi Wilfordii Radix group showed significant increase of HDL-cholesterol in comparison with those of the control group. Cynanchi Wilfordii Radix group showed significant increase of body weight in comparison with those of the control group in 4weeks and 8weeks. At second, we observed effects of Cynanchi Wilfordii Radix on prevention of liver damage induced by alcohol. Cynanchi Wilfordii Radix group showed significant decrease of GPT and ALP in comparison with those of the control group. Cynanchi Wilfordii Radix group showed significant increase of liver weight in comparison with those of the control group. Conclusions: Reviewing these experimental results, it appears that water extracts from Cynanchi Wilfordii Radix have pharmaceutical efficacy on prevention of hyperlipidemia and liver damage induced by alcohol. Therefore further additional study should be conducted to elucidate in depth the pharmaceutical efficacy of these.
Synergistic Effect of Notopterygium incisum and Saposhnikovia divaricata in the Anti-inflammatory Activity
Lee, Do-Yeon ; Choi, Go-Ya ; Yoon, Tae-Sook ; Cheon, Myeong-Sook ; Kim, Seung-Ju ; Yasukawa, Ken ; Yu, So-Yeon ; Kim, Ho-Kyoung ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 23, issue 4, 2008, Pages 39~44
Objectives: Notopterygium incisum(N. incisum) and Saposhnikovia divaricata(S. divaricata) have been clinically used in traditional oriental medicine for treatment of inflammatory diseases. Also, a herbal mixture prepared with N. incisum and S. divaricata has been strongly linked to the anti-inflammatory effect. In this study, we evaluate the synergistic anti-inflammatory effect of N. incisum and S. divaricata. Methods: For evaluating the anti-inflammatory activity of a herbal mixture of N. incisum and S. divaricata in vivo, we measured the changed ear thickness in 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate(TPA)-induced mouse ear edema model after topical application of herbal mixture. In addition, the levels of markers for inflammation, such as tumore necrosis factor (TNF)-
, interleukin (IL)-1
, and nitric oxide(NO), were determined by ELISA assay in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated Raw 264.7 cells. Results: We reported that water extracts of N. incisum and S. divaricata combination significantly inhibited the mouse ear edema induced by TPA. Moreover, the water extracts of N. incisum and S. divaricata combination exhibited synergistic effects in down-regulating IL-1
level, but not TNF-
and NO. Conclusions: These results suggest that combined treatment of N. incisum and S. divaricata, based on seven methods in prescription compatibility, has a synergistic effect in down-regulating inflammatory response both in vivo and in vitro models. Especially, it seems that IL-1
is a one of main target of the mixture of N. incisum and S. divaricata on anti-inflammatory activity.
Quantitative Determination of the Marker Constituent of Dioscoreae Rhizoma by the Packaging Methods
Seo, Chang-Seob ; Huang, Dae-Sun ; Lee, Jun-Kyoung ; Ha, Hye-Kyoung ; Kim, Ho-Kyoung ; Seo, Young-Bae ; Shin, Hyun-Kyoo ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 23, issue 4, 2008, Pages 45~49
Objectives: To investigate the quantitative determination of marker constituents of Dioscoreae Rhizoma by the packaging methods Methods: HPLC for the determinations of allatoin in the Dioscoreae Rhizoma. the separation method was performed on an Luna
, Phenomenes) using solvent water-acetonitrile(2:8, v/v%) with photo diode array detector(210nm). The flow rate was 2.0 mL/min. Results: Retention time of allatoin in HPLC chromatogram was about 4.8 min and calibration curve showed good linearity(
=0.9994) at concentrations from 50.0 to 1000.0
of allantoin. Average content of allantoin by packaging methods was
. In addition. weight loss rate(%) of Dioscoreae Rhizoma according to the packaging methods was
. Conclusions: The variation on content of the marker constituent of Dioscoreae Rhizoma by the packaging methods didn't show difference.
Concentration of Heavy Metals, Residual Pesticides and Sulfur Dioxide of before/after a Decoction
Seo, Chang-Seob ; Huang, Dae-Sun ; Lee, Jun-Kyoung ; Ha, Hye-Kyoung ; Chun, Jin-Mi ; Um, Young-Ran ; Jang, Seol ; Shin, Hyun-Kyoo ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 23, issue 4, 2008, Pages 51~58
Objectives: To compare the contents of heavy metals, residual pesticides and sulfur dioxide before/after a decoction. Methods: The heavy metal contents before/after a decoction were measured by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometer(ICP-AES) and mercury analyzer. In order to analyze pesticides in 5 samples we used simultaneous multi-residue analysis of pesticides by GC/ECD, which was followed by GC/MSD analysis to confirm the identity of the detected pesticide in each sample. In addition, the contents of sulfur dioxide(
) were performed by Monier-Williams distillation method. Results: 1. The mean values of heavy metal contents(mg/kg) for the samples were as follows: Galgeun-tang(before decoction-Pb; 0.793, Cd; 0.133, As; 0.016 and Hg; 0.005, after decoction-Pb; 0.033, Cd; 0.004, As; 0.002 and Hg; not detected), Gumiganghwal-tang(before decoction-Pb; 0.934, Cd; 0.197, As; 0.046 and Hg; 0.006, after decoction-Pb; 0.062, Cd; 0.007, As; 0.004 and Hg; 0.0001), Sosiho-tang(before decoction-Pb; 0.891, Cd; 0.134, As; 0.091 and Hg; 0.014, after decoction-Pb; 0.036, Cd; 0.002, As; 0.004 and Hg; not detected), Ojuck-san(before decoction-Pb; 0.907, Cd; 0.136, As; 0.084 and Hg; 0.007, after decoction-Pb; 0.074, Cd; 0.007, As; 0.011 and Hg; 0.0005) and Samsoeum(before decoction-Pb; 1.234, Cd; 0.154, As; 0.016 and Hg; 0.007, after decoction-Pb; 0.094, Cd; 0.006, As; 0.002 and Hg; 0.001). 2. Contents(mg/kg) of residual pesticides before/after a decoction in all samples were not detected. 3. Contents(mg/kg) of sulfur dioxide(
) before a decoction in Galgeun-tang, Gumiganghwal-tang, Sosiho-tang, Ojuck-san and Samsoeum exhibited 1.2, 3.4, 11.1, 12.0 and 5.7, respectively. However, contents of sulfur dioxide after a decoction in all samples were not detected. Conclusions: These results will be used to establish a criterion of heavy metals, residual pesticides and sulfur dioxide.
Antidepressant Effects of Citri Reticulatae Viride Pericarpium in the Forced Swimming Test
Kwon, Yong-Uk ; Lee, Tae-Hee ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 23, issue 4, 2008, Pages 59~70
Objectives: Investigation of the antidepressant effects of Citri Reticulatae Viride Pericarpium(CR) Methods: In order to investigate the antidepressant effects of Citri Reticulatae Viride Pericarpium(CR), we performed the forced swimming test. Also the expression of CRF, HSP70 and c-fos was measured with immunohistochemical method at PVN. Results: 1. The duration of immobility in the forced swimming test was significantly decreased in the CR 100mg/kg, 400mg/kg groups. 2. In the Control group, CRF expression was significantly increased in the PVN. Also, these CRF increase were significantly reduced in the CR 100mg/kg and 400mg/kg treated group. 3. HSP70 expression was significantly decreased at PVN in the CR 100mg/kg and 400mg/kg treated group. 4. C-fos expression was significantly decreased at PVN in the CR 100mg/kg and 400mg/kg treated group. Conclusions: According to the results, it can be considered that Citri Reticulatae Viride Pericarpium has antidepressant effect.
Protective Effects of Cardiotonic Pills(CP) on Neuroglia Cells Against Oxidative Stress and the Effects on Regional Cerebral Blood Flow in Normal Rats
Kwon, Tae-Woo ; Son, Young-Soo ; Cho, Su-In ; Kim, Young-Kyun ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 23, issue 4, 2008, Pages 71~79
Objectives: SimJeok-Hwan(CP, Cardiotonic Pills) was made to treat patients with coronary arteriosclerosis, angina pectoris and hyperlipidemia. This study was designed to investigate the effects of CP on Proliferation rates neuroglia cells and protective effect of CP against oxidative stress, and also investigate the effects on regional Cerebral Blood Flow(rCBF) in normal rats. Methods: In this experiment, effects of CP on proliferation rates of neuroglia cells were measured using modified MTT methods. Oxidative stress was induced by treatment with 200 mM of hydrogen peroxide for 2 hr. rCBF and MABP were measured using Laser doppler flowmeter. Results: Treatment with CP elevated proliferation rates in C6 cells. In addition, CP protected cell death of C6 cells induced by oxidative stress. In results, rCBF was elevated by treatment with CP in normal rats. But, Mean Arterial Blood Pressure(MABP) did not affected by CP. In addition, the elevation of rCBF was blacked by pre-treatment with 1 mg/kg of indomethacin effectively. On the other hand, pre-treatment with 0.01 mg/kg of methylene blue did not affect rCBF level in normal rats. Conclusions: In conclusion, these results suggest that CP can act as anti-oxidant to protect neuroglia cells and also suggest that CP can elevate rCBF, which are involved in cyclooxygenase pathway.
The Ethylacetate Extract of North Kangwhal(Ostericum koreanum) Attenuates the Inflammatory Responses in PMA/A23187-stimulated Mast Cells
Seo, Un-Kyo ; Lee, Ju-Il ; Park, Jun-Hong ; Park, Yong-Ki ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 23, issue 4, 2008, Pages 81~89
Objectives: In this study, the pharmacological effects of the ethylacetate extract of Ostericum koreanum(North Kangwhal; NK) on allergic inflammation were investigated in activated human mast cells. Methods: North Kangwhal was extracted with 80% methanol for 24 h, and then fractionated with ethylacetate(NK-EtOAc extract). HMC-1 cells, an human mast line, were pre-incubated with different concentrations of NK-EtOAc extract for 30 min, and then stimulated with PMA(50 nM/ml) and A23187(
) at indicated times. The cell toxicity was determined by MTT assay. The concentrations of prostaglandin E2(PGE2) and cytokines(TNF-
, IL-8) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay. Results: NK-EtOAc extract(
) significantly inhibited the productions of
and IL-8 in PMA/A23187-stimulated HMC-1 cells without cell toxicity(
). NK-EtOAc extract also inhibited PMA/A23187-induced phosphorylation of ERK1/2 MAPK and the NF-
p65 subunit translocation into the nuclear of HMC-1 cells. Conclusions: This study suggests that NK-EtOAc extract may have an anti-inflammatory property through suppressing the production of inflammatory mediators in activated mast cells and its molecular mechanism underlies the blocking of NF-
The Effects of Ampelopsis Radix on Allergic Inflammation in PMA-stimulated Human Mast Cells
Kim, Jang-Hyun ; Chun, Jin-Hong ; Kim, Sung-Yun ; Park, Yong-Ki ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 23, issue 4, 2008, Pages 91~101
Objectives: In this study, we investigated the inhibitory effects of Ampelopsis Radix methanol(AR-M) extract on allergic inflammation in activated human mast cells and its potential therapeutic or toxic effects. Methods: Ampelopsis Radix(AR) was extracted with 80% methanol. HMC-1 cells, a human mast cell line, were treated with different concentrations of AR-M extract, and then stimulated with PMA plus A23187. The cell toxicity of AR-M extract was determined by MTT assay. The concentrations of
and cytokines were measured by ELISA. The gene expression of COX-2 and its protein levels were determined by RT-PCR and Western blot. The phosphorylation of ERK MAPK and the NF-
activation were determined by Western blot. Results: AR-M extract was significantly inhibited the production of PGE2 and inflammatory cytokines(TNF-
, IL-6 and IL-8) in PMA/A23187-stimulated HMC-1 cells. AR-M extract also attenuated the mRNA expression of COX-2 and its protein induction. Furthermore, AR-M extract attenuated PMA/A23187-induced phophorylation of ERK1/2 MAPK and the NF-
p65 subunit translocation into nuclear of HMC-1 cells. AR-M extract significantly decreased PMN A23187-induced release of histamine in a dose-dependent manner. Conclusions: These results indicate that Ampelopsis Radix shows the property of anti-allergic inflammation In vitro through suppressing the production of inflammatory mediators released from mast cells, suggesting have a potential for the treatment of allergic diseases.
Anti-diabetic Effect of Indongdeungjikolpi-tang in Streptozotocin-induced Diabetic Rats
Bae, Hyo-Sang ; Park, Seong-Sik ; Jung, Jin-Ki ; Yoon, Cheol-Ho ; Byun, Sang-Hyuk ; Park, Yong-Ki ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 23, issue 4, 2008, Pages 103~112
Objectives: Indongdeungjikolpi-tang(IJT) is used as a traditional treatment of diabetes in oriental clinincs. This study aimed to evaluate the anti-diabetic effect of Indongdeungjikolpi-tang(IJT) in streptozotocin(STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Methods: Diabetes was induced by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin(STZ; 60 mg/kg BW) to Sprague-Dawley male rats. Experimental animals(six per group), were treated by oral administration of IJT(100 and 500 mg/kg BW) and glibendimide(3 mg/kg), a known antidiabetic drug for comparison, during 4 weeks. We measured the levels of glucose, insuline, triglyceride, creatinine and urea in sera of each group. An oral glucose tolerance test(OGTT) was also performed in all groups. Results: IJT(100 and 500 mg/kg) significantly reduced blood glucose levels and increased plasma insulin levels in STZ-induced diabetic rats. IJT also significantly reduced the plasma levels of tryglyceride, creatinine and urea in STZ-induced diabetic rats. The OGTT results showed a significant improvement in glucose tolerance in IJT-administrated rats. Conclusions: These data indicate that IJT may improve glocose homeostasis in STZ-induced diabetes, which could be associated with stimulation of insulin secretion.
Anti-atherosclerosis Effect of Imyosan Extract in Human Aortic Smooth Muscle Cells
Yun, Hyun-Jeong ; Heo, Sook-Kyoung ; Yi, Hyo-Seung ; Kim, Tae-Hoon ; Kim, Dong-Wan ; Kim, Sun-Mo ; Park, Sun-Dong ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 23, issue 4, 2008, Pages 113~120
Objectives: This study was evaluated to elucidate the inhibitory potential of Imyosan(IMS) and its components, Phellodendri Cortex(PC: Phellodendron amurense Rupr., Hwangbaek in Korean) and Atractylodis Rhizoma(AR: Atratylodes lancea D.C., Changchool in Korean), on human aortic smooth muscle cells(HASMC) migration and production of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and MMP-9 by TNF-
treatment. Methods: Cytotoxic activity of IMS and its components on HASMC was using 5-(3-caroboxy meth-oxyphenyl)-2H-tetra-zolium inner salt(MTS) assay. Effect of IMS, PC and AR on TNF-
-induced HASMC migration underside of matrigel filter was stained with hematoxylin-eosin. And total number of cells that migrated to the underside of the filter was counted. MMP-2 and MMP-9 activity was evaluated by gelatin zymography assay. Results: The matrigel migration assay showed that IMS effectively inhibited the TNF-
-induced migration of HASMC. Moreover, IMS significantly inhibited MMP-9 activity. Our present study demonstrates that IMS and its components inhibit TNF-
-induced HASMC migration and MMP-9 activity. The inhibitory effect of IMS extract is more potent than that of its component herb extracts. Conclusions: These results provide evidence that IMS has multiple effects in the inhibition of HASMC migration and may offer a therapeutic approach to block HASMC migration.
Anti-oxidative and Anti-inflammatory Effect of Melia Toosendan in Mouse Macrophage Cells
Yi, Hyo-Seung ; Heo, Sook-Kyoung ; Yun, Hyun-Jeong ; Kim, Byung-Wan ; Park, Sun-Dong ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 23, issue 4, 2008, Pages 121~134
Objectives: Melia toosendan(MT) has been used as a traditional Korean herbal medicine, and today it is used as a medication for colic, side aches, heartache and other disorders of liver. The aim of this study was to determine whether fractionated extracts of MT inhibit free radical generation such as DPPH radical, superoxide radical and nitric oxide, production of nitrite, an index of NO, PGE2, iNOS, COX-2 and proinflammatory cytokines in lipopolysaccharide(LPS)-treated RAW 264.7 macrophages. Methods: MT extract prepared with methanol, and then fractionated with hexane, dichloromethane, ethylacetate, n-butanol and water. Inhibitory effect of MT onto free radical generation was determined by measuring DPPH, superoxide anions and nitric oxide scavenging activities in vitro. Cytotoxic activity of extracts on RAW 264.7 cells was measured using 5-(3-caroboxymeth-oxyphenyl)-2H-tetra-zolium inner salt(MTS) assay. Intracelluar oxidation was analysed by DCF-DA assay. The nitric oxide(NO) production was measured by Griess reagent system. The levels of iNOS and COX-2 expression were confirmed by western blot. And pro inflammatory cytokines were measured by ELISA kit. Results: Our results indicated that fractionated extracts, especially dichloromethane and ethyl acetate extracts, significantly inhibited free radical generation, the LPS-induced
production and iNOS, COX-2 expression accompanied by an attenuation of TNF-
and IL-6 formation in macrophages. Conclusions: These results indicate that dichloromethane and ethyl acetate extracts of MT have potential as an agent of chronic inflammatory diseases.
The Effects of Pear Phenolic Compound and Herbal Drugs According to the dose and Duration on the Respiratory System of Asthma Mice Induced by Ovalbumin
Choi, Chan-Hun ; Yun, Dae-Hwan ; Kim, Jae-Hyun ; Jeon, Jong-Gil ; Na, Chang-Su ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 23, issue 4, 2008, Pages 135~147
Objectives: Oriental pear was used as traditional remedies for respiratory diseases like cough and asthma etc. The purpose of this study was to observe the effects of preventing asthma by the combination of phenolic compound extracted from pear and herbal drugs. Methods: In order to study the effects of preventing asthma by the combination of phenolic compound extracted from pear and herbal drugs(Platycodon grandiflorum, Prunus armeniaca) on allergic asthma, mice were pre-treated by oral administration of the solution before antigen sensitization for 10 days and 20days. And 2 days later, mice were actively sensitized with a subcutaneous injection of ovalbumin and 13 days later, they were provoked with ovalbumin aerosols. The experimental groups were divided 6groups(10d1P, 10d2P, 10d4P, 20d1P, 20d2P and 20d4P) by meditation quantity and period. We measured isometric contractile responses to acetylcholine(ACh) and KCl in the isolated tracheal smooth muscle(TSM), IL-4, eosinophil and lymphocyte in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid(BALF), IgE in serum, WBC, RBC and hemoglobin in blood. Results: Contractile responses of TSM to ACh, the sensitivity of TSM to Ach and the maximal contractile response of TSM to KCl were decreased by direct proportion of meditation quantity. Eosinophil and IL-4 level in BALF were more significantly decreased, and IgE level in serum was more significantly increased in 10d4P and 20d4P group than the control group. Conclusions: Based on the above results, it is assumed that oral administration of the combination of phenolic compound extracted from pear and herbal drugs(Platycodon grandiflorum, Prunus armeniaca) can help the preventing effects of allergic asthma.
A Study on the Content Changes of
-asarone in Acorus gramineus According to its Parts, Extraction Solvent, and Fermentation
Pang, Tae-Sun ; Lee, Kyung-Jin ; Ham, In-Hye ; Bu, Young-Min ; Kim, Ho-Cheol ; Rhee, Jae-Seong ; Choi, Ho-Young ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 23, issue 4, 2008, Pages 149~157
Objectives: This study was to analyze the content changes of
-asarone in A. gramineus according to its parts, extraction method, and fermentation. Methods: The change of
-asarone was analysed with GC/MS, IR, and NMR. Results: In A. gramineus,
-asarone in rhizome are 7 times and 4 times more than those in leaves respectively. And, in water extract of Acori Graminei Rhizoma,
-asarone was reduced to 77.8%-83.5%, and
-asarone was reduced to 69.4%-72.2% compared with 50% MeOH extract. The amounts of
-asarone were decreased apparently by 1 and 3 weeks fermantation with yeast activated solution. Conclusions: There was a change in the content of asarone pursuant to the medicinal part, extraction solvent, and fermentation. This result can be used as the basic data contributing to the stability of A. gramineus according to an appropriate clinical application.
Analysis of the Content of Hesperidin and Essential Oils from the Peels of Various Citrus Species
Ham, In-Hye ; Jung, Eui-Dong ; Lee, Kyung-Jin ; Lee, Je-Hyun ; Bu, Young-Min ; Kim, Ho-Cheol ; Choi, Ho-Young ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 23, issue 4, 2008, Pages 159~170
Objectives: This study was carried out to evaluate the quality of the peels of various Citrus species. Method: The contents of hesperidin from fruit peels used as Citri Pericarpium such as C. natsudaidai, C. grandis, C. unshiu, and C. sunki, were analyzed by HP-TLC, HPLC, and essential oils of those were analyzed by GC/MS. Results: HPLC analysis showed that the hesperidin from the peel of C. unshiu and C. reticulata was satisfied the standard of Korean Pharmacopoeia. The essential oil was analyzed by GC/MS. As a result, limonene, furfural, 5-methyl-2-furfural, linalool oxide(cis), linalool oxide(trans), terpinen-4-ol,
-terpineol, germacrene D, 4-methyl-2,6-di-tert-butylphenol was detected in all 4 kinds of Citrus species. Conclusions: As a result of chemotaxonomical similarity analysis with essential oils, the peels of C. natsudaidai and C. grandis are closely related, while C. unshiu is distantly related to the others.
Determination Method of Puerarin and Daidzin from Puerariae Radix by Reversed-Phase HPLC with Pulsed Amperometric Detection
Chiao, Chen-Ying ; Kwon, Ha-Jeong ; Jeong, Ji-Seon ; Lee, Je-Hyun ; Hong, Seon-Pyo ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 23, issue 4, 2008, Pages 171~177
Objectives: This study presents a reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography- pulsed amperometric detection(RP-HPLC-PAD) method for the determination of puerarin and daidzin in Puerariae Radix extract and Chinese medicinal preparations. Methods: Chromatographic separation was performed using a 10% acetonitrile with a reversed-phase column(Unison UK-C18,
). The analyses were detected by pulsed amperometric detector(PAD) in alkaline conditions by combining with post-column NaOH solution. Geniposide was used as an internal standard. Results: The limit of detection(S/N=3) and the limit of quantification(S/N=10) were 0.025 ng, 0.075 ng for puerarin, and 0.05 ng, 0.15 ng for daidzin, respectively. The intra- and inter-day precisions(RSDs) were less than 6.5% and average recoveries of puerarin were 99.7-101.3% and those of daidzin were 101.0-102.8%. Conclusions: According to above results, we developed a determination method for puerarin and daidzin in Puerariae Radix with high sensitivity and selectivitely.
A Study on the Effects of Rhodiola rosea Root on the Immune System
Kim, Jung-Yeal ; Lee, Young-Jong ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 23, issue 4, 2008, Pages 179~189
Objectives: Effects of Rhodiola rosea root on immunity were examined. Methods: Water extracts and methanol extracts of Rhodiola rosea root were treated on the increase of immunity cells and the activation of cytokines were examined. Results: 1. Water extracts and methanol extracts of Rhodiola rosea root had positive effects on the increase of B-cells, T-cells, and NK cells, and on the facilitation of cytokines such as IL-6 and TNF-
. 2. Water extracts and methanol extracts of Rhodiola rosea root activated NK cells, and induced the generation of NO- of NK cells and macrophages. Conclusions: Rhodiola rosea root can be used to increase immunity.
A Study of Anticoagulation Activity from Perillae Folium Extract
Jeoung, Gyong-Hee ; Han, Sin-Hee ; Kil, Gi-Jung ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 23, issue 4, 2008, Pages 191~196
Objectives: This research was investigated to find out the effect of the anticoagulant Perillae folium extract. Methods: To examine an active effect of anticoagulation in Perillae folium extract, the study measured Prothrombin time(PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time(APTT) of human plasma in vitro and measured bleeding time and arterio-venous shunt model in rats in vivo. Results: Bleeding time of Perillae folium extract in vivo had a significant increase 1.6 times and thrombus weight of Perillae folium extract had a significant reduction of thrombus weight as 68%. Perillae folium extract had an effect of anticoagulation by operating on extrinsic pathway factor II, V, VII, X and intrinsic pathway factor VIII, IX, X, VI, VII in the coagulation system. Conclusions: Considering the above mentioned results, it is judged that a Perillae folium extract has a control effect of thrombus creation.