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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korea Journal of Herbology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Association of Herbology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Dec 2009
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Sep 2009
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Jun 2009
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Mar 2009
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Effect of Hwangryunhaedok-tang Extracts on DNCB-induced Allergic Contact Dermatitis
Kim, Bo-Ae ; Yang, Jae-Chan ; Park, Chan-Ik ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 24, issue 2, 2009, Pages 1~5
Objectives : HRHDT has been known as a useful prescription with antibiotic, anti-inflammatory, antioxidative and immunosuppressive activity. To evaluate anti-inflammatory effect of HRHDT, we treated HRHDT-skin in Balb/c mice model induced contact hypersensitivity. Methods : Contact hypersensitivity, a local inflammatory respinse of skin, was induced by spreading the back skin of Balb/c mice with 1% DNCB. HRHDT-skin was prepared by dissolving 3% 1,3-butylene glycol extract of HRHDT in solution and treated 2 weeks on the back skin. Results: HRHDT-skin significantly reduced TEWL and erythema by 0.4-1% of DNCB treatment compared with control group. HRHDT-skin reduced IgE on serum obtained from blood of DNCB-treated Balb/c mice. Histopathological examination showed that thickening of the epidermis, hyperkeratosis and the infiltration of inflammatory cells were found in Balb/c mice under conventional circumstances. Conclusions : These results showed that HRHDT-skin could be used as a pharmaceutical material with antiinflammatory effects by reducing IgE in contact hypersensitivity dermatitis Balb/c mice by DNCB.
Active Effect of Antivoagulant Effects in chaenomelis Fructus Water Extract
Yoo, Ji-Hyun ; Han, Sin-Hee ; Kil, Gi-Jung ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 24, issue 2, 2009, Pages 7~11
Objectives : This research was investigated anticoagulant effect of the Chaenomelis Fructus extract. Methods : To examine an active effect of anticoagulation in Chaenomelis Fructus extract, the study measured Prothrombin time(PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) of human plasma in vitro and measured bleeding time and arterio-venous shunt model in rats in vivo. Results : Bleeding time of Chaenomelis Fructus extract in vivo had a significant increase as about 1.6 times and thrombus weight of Chaenomelis Fructus extract had a significant reduction of thrombus weight as 50%. Chaenomelis Fructus extract represented an effect of anticoagulation by operating on extrinsic pathway factor II, V, VII, X and intrinsic pathway factor VIII, IX, X, XI, XII in the coagulation system. Conclusions : Considering the above mentioned results, it is judged that a Chaenomelis Fructus extract has a control effect of thrombus creation.
Concentration of Hazardous Substances of Before/after a Decoction- In Prescription of High Frequency -
Seo, Chang-Seob ; Huang, Dae-Sun ; Lee, Jun-Kyoung ; Ha, Hye-Kyoung ; Chun, Jin-Mi ; Um, Young-Ran ; Jang, Seol ; Shin, Hyun-Kyoo ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 24, issue 2, 2009, Pages 13~20
Objectives: To compare the contents of hazardous substances before/after a decoction. Methods : The heavy metal contents before/after a decoction were measured by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometer (ICP-AES) and mercury analyzer. In order to analyze pesticides in 6 samples we used simultaneous multi-residue analysis of pesticides by GC/ECD, which was followed by GC/MSD analysis to confirm the identity of the detected pesticide in each sample. In addition, the contents of sulfur dioxide (S02) were performed by Monier-Williams distillation method. Results : 1. The mean values of heavy metal contents (mg/kg) for the samples were as follows: Socheongryong-tang (before decoction - Pb; 1.115, Cd; 0.179, As; 0.069 and Hg; 0.028, after decoction - Pb; 0.110, Cd; 0.011, As; 0.005 and Hg; 0.002), Insampaedok-san (before decoction - Pb; 1.207, Cd; 0.148, As; 0.171 and Hg; 0.026, after decoction - Pb; 0.075, Cd; 0.006, As; not detected and Hg; O.OOD, Oryung-san (before decoction - Pb; 1.955, Cd; 0.430, As; 0.063 and Hg; 0.027, after decoction - Pb; 0.083, Cd; 0.013, As; 0.006 and Hg; 0.002), Hwangryunhaedok-tang (before decoction - Pb; 1.825, Cd; 0.210, As; 0.050 and Hg; 0.009, after decoction - Pb; 0.107, Cd; 0.010, As; 0.005 and Hg; O.OOD, Bangpungtongseong-san (before decoction - Pb; 1.740, Cd; 0.162, As; 0.585 and Hg; 0.018, after decoction - Pb; 0.041, Cd; 0.006, As; 0.022 and Hg; not detected) and Oyaksungi-san (before decoction - Pb; 1.199, Cd; 0.183, As; 0.321 and Hg; 0.031, after decoction - Pb; 0.096, Cd; 0.008, As; 0.021 and Hg; 0.0004). 2. Contents (mg/kg) of sulfur dioxide (S0
) before a decoction in Socheongryong-tang, Insampaedok-san, Oryung-san, Hwangryunhaedok-tang, Bangpungtongseong-san and Oyaksungi-san exhibited 3.2, 5.7, 4.5, 49.8, 7.8 and 22.4, respectively. However, contents of sulfur dioxide after a decoction in all samples were not detected. 3. Contents (mg/kg) of residual pesticides before/after a decoction in all samples were not detected. Conclusions : These results will be used to establish a criterion of heavy metals, residual pesticides and sulfur dioxide.
Effects of Spatholobi Caulis MeOH Extract on the Production of NO and Pro-inflammatory Cytokines in LPS-activated Raw264.7 Cells
Choe, Song-I ; Park, Sook-Jahr ; Byun, Sung-HUi ; Lee, Jong-Rok ; Park, Moon-Ki ; Kim, Sang-Chan ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 24, issue 2, 2009, Pages 21~27
Objectives: Spatholobi Caulis is the stem of Spatholobus suberectus Dunn., which has been used for treating menstrual disorders, anemia, and rheumatic arthralgia in traditional Oriental medicine, This study was conducted to evaluate the inhibitory effects of Spatholobi Caulis extract (SCE) on the production of nitric oxide (NO) and pro-inflammatory cytokines in LPS-activated Raw264,7 cells. Methods : Cell viability was determined by MIT assay. Relative levels of NO were measured with Griess reagent and pro-inflammatory cytokines were detected by ELISA Expression of iNOS and COX-2 proteins were determined by western blotting. Results : NO production and iNOS expression were increased by incubation with LPS for 24 h. However, the augmented NO was reduced by SCE in a dose-dependent manner. Expressions of iNOS and COX-2 were inhibited by the treatment with SCE, SCE also suppressed the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as IL-1beta and IL-6. Conclusions : These results indicate that the MeOH extract of Spatholobi Caulis warrant further development as an anti-inflammatory agent for the treatment of Gram-negative bacterial infections.
Effect of Bupeuri Radix on CRF, c-Fos, ACTH and TH in Forced Swimming Test
Kim, Jung-Hoon ; Lee, Tae-Hee ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 24, issue 2, 2009, Pages 29~37
Objectives: The goal of this study was to investigate the antidepressive effect of Bupleuri Radix (BR). Methods : The forced swimming test (FST) was performed. Also the expression of corticotropin releasing factor (CRF), c-Fos and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) was measured immunohistochemically at paraventricular nucleus (PVN) and locus coeruleus (LC). Concentration of adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) was measured in plasma by ELISA method. Results : The immobility in BR400 Group was significantly decreased in comparison with the control group (p
The Synergistic Effect of Juglans sinensis, Psoralea corylifolia, and Their Combination on the Asthmatic Murine Model
Kwon, Taek-Hyun ; Lee, Young-Cheol ; Lee, Jang-Cheon ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 24, issue 2, 2009, Pages 39~48
Objectives : To clarify the possible effect of JS (Juglans sinensis), PCF (Psoralea corylifolia L.), and J+P(JS+PCF), we examined their influence on the development of pulmonary eosinophilic inflammation in the asthmatic murine model. Methods : All mice were immunized on two different days (21 days and 7 days before inhalational exposure) by intraperitonial injections of 0.2 ml alum-precipitated Ag containing 100
g of OVA bound to 4 mg of aluminum hydroxide in PBS. Seven days after the second sensitization, mice were exposed to aerosolized ovalbumin for 30 minutes/day on 3 days/week for 8 weeks (at a flow rate of 250 L/min, 2.5% ovalbumin in normal saline) and, JS, PCF and J+P (200 mg/kg, 400 mg/kg) were orally administered 3 times per week for 8 weeks. Results : The suppressive effects of JS, PCF, and J+P were demonstrated by the accumulation of eosinophils into airways, with the reduction of eosinophils and lung leukocytes. These were correlated with the marked reduction of IL-4, IL-5, IL-13 levels in the BALF and serum. OVA-specific IgE levels were also decreased in serum and BAL from these mice. And also JS, PCF, and J+P decreased eosinophilic CCR3 and CD11b expression in lung tissue. Conclusions : These results indicate that JS, PCF, and J+P have deep inhibitory effects on airway inflammation and hyper-responsiveness in the asthmatic murine model. The suppression of IL-5, IgE, and eosinophilils and the increase of IFN-
production in BALF seem to contribute to these effects. Specially, esosinophils and TNF-a in J+P combination group were significantly reduced in BALF and lung tissue. Hence, the results indicated that JS, PCF, and J+P could act as an immuno-modulator which possesses anti-inflammatory and anti-asthmatic property by modulating the imbalance between Th1 and Th2 cytokines.
Anti-inflammatory Effect of Bodusan
Kim, Pan-Joon ; Yun, Hyun-Jeong ; Heo, Sook-Kyoung ; Kim, Kyoung-Ae ; Kim, Dong-Wan ; Kim, Jae-Eun ; Park, Sun-Dong ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 24, issue 2, 2009, Pages 49~56
Objectives : Inflammation is important event in the development of vascular diseases including hypertension, atherosclerosis, and restenosis. Bodusan (BDS) was a traditional Korean herbal medicine and widely used in treatment of gastrointestinal complaint and stomach ulcer. The aim of this study was to determine whether BDS and its components inhibit production of nitrite, PGE2 and proinflammatory cytokines in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated RAW 264.7 macrophages. Methods : Cytotoxic activity of BDS and its components on RAW 264.7 cells was using 5-(3caroboxymcrophages. eth-oxyphenyj)-2H-tetra-zolium inner salt (MTS) assay. The nitric oxide (NO) production was measured by Griess reagent system. And proinflammatory cytokines were measured by ELISA kit. The levels of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression were detected by western blot. Results : Our results indicated that BDS and its components significantly inhibited the LPS-induced NO and PGE2 production. Moreover. BDS and its components inhibited iNOS and COX-2 expression accompanied by an attenuation of TNF-
, IL-6 and MCP-1 formation in macrophages. Conclusions: These results indicate that BDS and its components have potential as an anti-inflammatory agent.
A Herbological Study on the Plants of Aspidiaceae in Korea
Jeong, Jong-Gil ; Kim, Chae-Hyun ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 24, issue 2, 2009, Pages 57~65
Objectives : This study was aimed to developing Korean herbalogy of the plants belonging to Aspidiaceae in Korea. Methods : The herbological books and papers published at home and abroad were researched. The total list of Aspidiaceae was made and Medicinal plants in Aspidiaceae was classified. The medicinal properties, action and applications of medicinal plants were investigated. Results : 1. There are totaled to 17 genera and 130 species in Aspidiaceae in Korea and among them medicinal plants are 11 genera, 31 species, some 24% in total. 2. Athyrium genus is main kind enough that it has 32 species among 130 species in Aspidiaceae, and medicinal plants of Dryopteris is 4 species. 3. The rhizome is the main medicinal parts if medicinal plants in the Aspidiaceae, which is used in 24 species. 4. According to nature and flavor of medicinal plants in the Aspidiaceae, they were classified into cool 15 and cold 8 species ; bitter taste 19, and little bitter taste 15 in the order. 5. According to meridian propism of medicinal plants in the Aspidiaceae, they were classified into liver meridian 5 species, stomach meridian 3 species. 6. According to the properties and principal curative action, they were classified into drugs for clearing away heat 25 species, drugs for detoxification 22 species, drugs for promoting diuresis 16 species in the order. 7. The number of toxic species in the Aspidiaceae was examined to be 5 species. Conclusions : There are totaled to 17 genera and 130 species in Aspidiaceae in Korea and among them medicinal plants are 11 genera, 31 species, some 24% in total. They were classified into drugs for clearing away heat, drugs for detoxification, drugs for promoting diuresisr.
Comparative Studies on the Anti-oxidation Activities of Aralia continentalis Root and Angelica pubescens Root
Shin, Myoung-Soup ; Han, Hyo-Sang ; Lee, Young-Jong ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 24, issue 2, 2009, Pages 67~76
Objectives : The present study compared Aralia continentalis Root and Angelica pubescens Root used in Korea and China respectively concerning their anti-oxidant effect Methods : We tested the anti-oxidant effect through in vitro experiment and in vivo experiment that induced oxidative stress using ethanol. Results : 1. DPPH scavenging activity was stronger in Aralia continentalis Root than in Angelica pubescens Root 2. Superoxide anion radical scavenging activity was similar between Aralia continentalis Root and Angelica pubescens Root 3. The linoleic acid peroxidation inhibition effect was stronger in Aralia continentalis Root than in Angelica pubescens Root. 4. The phenolic component was higher in Aralia continentalis Root than in Angelica pubescens Root. 5. Both Aralia continentalis Root and Angelica pubescens Root increased the concentration of GSH and decreased SOD activity in mice, in which oxidative stress was induced, and the effect was stronger in Aralia continentalis Root. 6. Aralia continentalis Root increased GSH peroxidase activity but Angelica pubescens Root did not have such an effect. 7. Neither Aralia continentalis Root nor Angelica pubescens Root had a significant effect on catalase, ADH and ALDH in mice, in which oxidative stress was induced. Conclusions : Aralia continentalis Root has a stronger anti-oxidant effect than Angelica pubescens Root. Thus, although Aralia continentalis Root is not an original plant recorded in botanical literature, it may be usable based on the data about its effects.
A Study on External.Internal Morphology and Pattern Analysis of Atractylodes Rhizomes
Kim, Jung-Hoon ; Lee, Guem-San ; Choil, Goya ; Hwang, Sung-Yeoun ; Kim, Hong-Jun ; Jeong, Seung-Il ; Ju, Young-Sung ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 24, issue 2, 2009, Pages 77~85
Objectives : To determine the discriminative criteria for Atractylodes rhizomes, the experiment of externalinternal characteristics and physicochemical pattern analysis were performed. Methods : External characteristics was observed using stereoscope. The sectioned materials which were covered with parffin were stained by Ju's method. Physicochemical patterns were analyzed using HPLC/DAD. Results : 1. External shape of original plant : Atractylodes maaocephala and A. japonica had relatively long petioles and 3-5 parted leaves. A. macrocephala had big purple flowers whereas A. japonica had relatively small white flowers and pinnate bracts. A. lancea had sessile leaves and white flowers, and the end parts of degenerated stamens were bent. 2. External shape of herbal medicine: A. macrocephala which was fist-shaped rhizome had pa-pillate processes and the cross section was light gray and sulcate. A. japonica and A. lancea were connected-beady or tubercular rhizomes, and the cross sections were both yellow-colored white. However, the cross section of A. japonica was fibrous, the width of cortex was narro-wer than that of stele, and radial shape in cortex was rare, whereas the width of cortex in A. lancea was similar to that of stele in size, and radial shape in cortex was obvious. 3. Internal shape of herbal medicine: A. macrocephala and A. lancea did not have lignified fascicles in cortex. However, the vascular bundles and vessels of A. macrocephala were wedge shaped and radial arrangement, and vascular bundles were densely populated in stele whereas those of A. lancea were repeatedly arranged and thinly extended to cortex. A. japonica had lignified fascicles in cortex and the width of vascular bundles was conspicuously thick with narrow intervals. 4. Physicochemical pattern analysis : A. macrocephala and A. lancea contained atractylenolide I and atractylenolide Ill whereas A. japonica contained atractylenolide I, atractylenolide Ill. diacetyl-atractylodiol, compound-4, compound-5. The three species of Atractylodes rhizomes showed different chromatogram patterns. Conclusions : The results could be used as discriminative criteria for Atractylodes rhizomes and as fundamental materials to researches of further pattern analysis and biological reaction.
Protective Effects of Nelumbinis Semen Against Neurotoxicity fuduced by 6-Hydroxydopamine in Dopaminergic Cells
Kim, Hyo-Geun ; Oh, Myung-Sook ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 24, issue 2, 2009, Pages 87~92
Objectives : This study was performed to evaluate the neuroprotective effect of water extracts from Nelumbinis semen (NSW) in dopaminergic cells. Methods : We performed 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging assay, 2,2-azinobis3-ethyl-benzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS) cation scavenging assay, and determination of total polyphenolic content to examine the antioxidant effects of NSW. We also evaluated the neuroprotective effects against 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-induced toxicity using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)- 2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide assay (MIT) assay, trypan blue cytotoxicity assay, and nitric oxide assay in SH-SY5Y cells and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) immunohistochemistry in primary rat dopaminergic neurons. Results : NSW showed
values of 184.80 and 92.90
g/mL in DPPH and in ABTS assays, respectively. NSW showed 1.05% of total polyphenol contents. NSW showed protective effect against 6-0HDA-induced neurotoxicity whereas no influence on cell viability at the concentration of 1
g/mL. NSW reduced NO generation while 6-OHDA produced it. Moreover, it protected rat dopaminergic neurons against 6-0HDA at a dose of 1
g/mL. Conclusions : These results indicated that NSW has neuroprotective effect against 6-0HDA-induced neurotoxicity through antioxidant activity in dopaminergic cell culture.
Antioxidant Effects of PanaX ginseng in Mouse GC-1 Spennatogonia Cells
Shim, Kyung-Jun ; Kang, Ji-Ung ; Choi, Bong-Jae ; Park, Soo-yeon ; Chang, Mun-Seog ; Park, Seong-Kyu ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 24, issue 2, 2009, Pages 93~98
Objectives : Previously we reported that the roots of Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer (Araliaceae) increased sperm count and motility. also induced spermatogenesis via cAMP-responsive element modulator(CREM) activation in rat testes. In this study, for the first step of spermatogenesis in germ cell lines, the antioxidant activity of Panax ginseng were examined in mouse GC-1 spermatogonia cells. Methods : The extract was studied on diphenyl-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity, GC-1 cell viability by a modified MIT assay. H202-induced cytotoxicity by MIT assay and lipid peroxidation by malondialdehyde (MDA) formation. respectively. Results: The results showed that the extract scavenged DPPH radical with the IC50 being 0.631 mg/mi. The extract at concentrations of 5, and 10, 50, 100, 250
g/mi increased GC-1 cell viability significantly(p < 0.05, and p < O.O1). Hydrogen peroxide-induced cytotoxicity (73.8%, p < O.O1) was blocked by the extract at concentrations of 50, and 100, 250, 500
g/ml significantly (p < 0.05, and p < O.O1). The extract at concentrations of 10. and 50
g/ml decreased the MDA formation on hydrogen peroxide-induced lipid peroxidation. Conclusions : In conclusion, the extract of Panax ginseng has potent antioxidant activity and increases the survival rate of GC-1 spg cells against