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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korea Journal of Herbology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Association of Herbology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Dec 2010
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Sep 2010
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Jun 2010
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Mar 2010
Selecting the target year
Modulation of obesity by Gyeongshingangjeehwan18 in ob/ob mice
Yoon, Ki-Hyeon ; Lee, Hee-Young ; Jung, Yang-Sam ; Seo, Bu-Il ; Park, Gyu-Ryeol ; Yoon, Mi-Chung ; Shin, Soon-Shik ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 25, issue 3, 2010, Pages 1~9
Objectives : This study was undertaken to verify the effects of Gyeongshingangjeehwan18 (GGEx18) on obesity using ob/ob male mice. Methods : Eight-week old mice (wild-type C57BL/6J and ob/ob) were used for all experiments. Wild-type C57BL/6J mice were used as lean control and obese ob/ob mice were randomly divided into 5 groups: obese control, GGEx15, GGEx16, GGEx17, and GGEx18. After mice were treated with several kinds of GGEx for 11 weeks, body weight gain, feeding efficiency ratio, plasma lipid and glucose metabolism. Results : 1. Compared with obese controls, GGEx-treated mice had lower body weight gain and feeding efficiency ratio, the magnitudes of which were prominent in GGEx16 and GGEx18. 2. Consistent with their effects on body weight gain, GGEx16 and GGEx18 not only decreased plasma triglycerides levels, but also increased HDL-cholesterol concentration. 3. CT analysis revealed that visceral fat areas were decreased in all treatment groups compared with obese control mice. The decrease in visceral fat area was prominent in GGEx16 and GGEx18, although they were not statistically significant. 4. The size of adipocytes were significantly decreased by GGEx18, whereas the adipocyte number per unit area was significantly increased, suggesting that GGEx18 decreased the number of large adipocytes. Hepatic lipid accumulation was decreased by GGEx16 and GGEx18, and the inhibitory effect was most effective in GGEx18. 5. Plasma GOT and GPT concentrations were significantly lower following GGEx16 and GGEx18 treatment compared with obese controls. Organ weights were not changed by GGEx treatment, indicating GGEx do not show any toxic effects. Conclusions : These results suggest that GGEx may regulate obesity. Of the 4 compositions, GGEx18 seems to be most effective in improving obesity and lipid disorders.
Effects of Ginseng Radix on the Rat Hypothyroidism Induced by PTU (6-n-propyl-2-thiouracil)
Kim, Seong-Mo ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 25, issue 3, 2010, Pages 11~18
Object : This study was to evaluate the effect of Ginseng Radix, aqueous extracts of the root part of Panax ginseng on the 6-n-propyl-2-thiouracil(PTU)-induced rat hypothyroidism. Methods : Aqueous extracts of Ginseng Radix(GR; yield = 11.70%) were administered, once day for 42 days from 2 weeks before start of PTU treatment as an oral dose of 300 and 150 mg/kg(body weight), and hypothyroidism was induced by daily subcutaneous treatment of PTU 10mg/kg for 28 days. The changes in the body weight, thyroid gland weights, serum levels of thyroid hormone-thyroid stimulating hormone(TSH), tri-iodothyronine(T3) and thyroxine(T4), total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein(LDL), high density lipoprotein(HDL) and triglyceride, liver antioxidant defense system-lipid peroxidation,
, superoxide dismutase(SOD) and catalase(CAT) were observed with histopathology of thyroid glands. Results : Results were compared with LevoT4 0.5mg/kg treated rats. GR extracts suppressed the decreases in the body weight, thyroid gland weights, T3 and T4, TG, liver
and SOD activities as results of PTU treatment. And GR extracts suppressed the increases of HDL contents, liver CAT activities, thyroid gland weight as results of PTU treatment. In addition, marked hyperplasia of follicular cells with decreases of follicular colloid contentsand sizes were demonstrated at histopathological inspections. However, these PTU-induced histopathological changes related to hypothyroidism were dramatically decreased by treatment of both different dosages of GR extract, respectively Conclusions : This study suggest that GR extracts have favorable effects on the thyroid hormone productions with beneficial effects on the hypothyroidism mediated by the modulatory effects on the antioxidant defense system.
Anti-inflammatory effect of SD-01 in RAW 264.7 cells
Park, Sun-Dong ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 25, issue 3, 2010, Pages 19~25
Objective : The aim of this study was to investigate anti-inflammatory activity of SD-01 methanol extract in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages. Methods : Cytotoxic activity of SD-01 methanol extract on RAW 264.7 cells was measured using 5-(3-caroboxymeth-oxyphenyl)-2H-tetra-zolium inner salt (MTS) assay. The nitric oxide (NO) production was measured by Griess reagent system. And proinflammatory cytokines and
were measured by ELISA method. The levels of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2),
-B-alpha and nuclear NF-
B p65 expression were detected by western blot. Results : Our results indicated that methanol extract of SD-01 significantly inhibited the LPS-induced NO,
production and iNOS, COX-2 expression accompanied by an attenuation of TNF-
, IL-6 and MCP-1 production in RAW 264.7 cells. Moreover, methanol extract of SD-01 treatment also blocked LPS-induced NF-kB activation. Conclusion : These findings indicate that methanol extract of SD-01 inhibits the production of pro-inflammatory mediators and cytokines via suppression of NF-
B activation. Take together, these results indicate that methanol extract of SD-01 has the potential for use as an agent of anti-chronic inflammatory diseases.
Anti-inflammatory Effects of Fermented Houttuyniae Herba Water Extract on LPS-induced Mouse Macrophage
Lee, Ji-Young ; Lee, Young-Jong ; Park, Wan-Su ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 25, issue 3, 2010, Pages 27~34
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of Fermented Houttuyniae Herba Water Extract (HL) on production of proinflammatory mediators in mouse macrophage RAW 264.7 cells. Methods : Cell viabilities were measured by MTT assay. Effect of HL on nitric oxide (NO) production from RAW 264.7 cells was accessed by Griess reagent assay. Effect of HL on productions of inflammatory cytokines such as interleukine (IL)-17, Interferon
-inducible protein (IP)-10, Eotaxin, IL-5, Monocyte Chemotactic Protein-3 (MCP-3), and IL-13 in LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cells was accessed by a multiplex bead array assay based on xMAP technology. Results : The results of the experiment are as follows. 1. Incubation with HL for 24 hours showed significant increase in cell viability of RAW 264.7 mouse macrophages (P < 0.05). 2. HL showed to inhibit NO production from RAW 264.7 cells at the concentrations of 25 and 50 ug/mL significantly (P < 0.05). 3. HL inhibited significantly NO production in LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cells at the concentrations of 25, 50, 100 and 200 ug/mL (P < 0.05). 4. HL inhibited significantly IL-17, IP-10 and Eotaxin in LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cells at the concentrations of 25, 50, 100 and 200 ug/mL (P < 0.05). Conclusions : These results suggest that HL has anti-inflammatory moiety related with its inhibition of NO, IL-17, IP-10, and Eotaxin in macrophages.
Anti-allergic effect of Osterici Radix water extract in human mast cells
Jung, Jin-Ki ; Jung, Hye-Mi ; Seo, Woon-Gyo ; Park, Yong-Ki ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 25, issue 3, 2010, Pages 35~41
Objectives : Allergy is an immune dysfunction caused by degranulation from mast cells in the early phase of allergic disease including allergic rhinitis (AR). The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Osterici Radix, roots of Ostericum koreanum Maximowicz in human mast cells and experimental allergic animal models. Methods : The anti-allergic effect of Osterici Radix water extract (NK-W) was investigated in human mast cell line, HMC-1 cells, and compound 48/80-induced systemic anaphylactic response in rats and ovalbumin (OVA)-induced AR in mice. Animals were orally administrated with NK-W (10 and 50 mg/kg) or anti-histamine drug, dosodium cromoglycate (50 mg/kg), and then intraperitoneally injected with compound 48/80 (8 mg/kg) or sensitized with 0.1% OVA into nasal. Animals were observed plasma histamine and histological changes of nasal mucosa. Also, mast cell degranulation and histamine production were determined in compound 48/80-stimulated HMC-1 cells. Results : NK-W inhibited compound 48/80-induced degranulation of mast cells and histamine releasing in HMC-1 cells. NK-W decreased mortality and serum histamine releasing in compound 48/80-induced anaphylatic rats in a dose-dependently manner. NK-W also inhibited serum histamine levels in OVA-induced AR mice and improved abnormal histological changes such as expansion of grandular cells and hypertrophy of epithelium in the nasal mucosa. These results indicate that Osterici Radix water extract suppress allergic response through downregulation of mast cell activation. Conclusions : This study suggests that a therapeutic potential of Osterici Radix as a source of anti-allergic agents for use in a number of allergic diseases.
Thirteen-week repeated-dose oral toxicity study of the Modified Wenpitang-Hab-Wulingsan (WHW
) in Sprague-Dawley rats
Oh, Tae-Woo ; Sang, Bae-Hyo ; Yoon, Cheol-Ho ; Park, Yong-Ki ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 25, issue 3, 2010, Pages 43~51
Objectives : We investigated the repeated-dose toxicity of Wenpitang-Hab-Wulingsan(WHW), a Korean traditional medicine prescribed with twelve herbs, which has been used for the treatment of renal disease. Methods : WHW extract prepared by GLP company. WHW was supplemented by gavage at 0, 100, 500 and 1000 mg/kg/day for 13-week consecutive days. We recorded the clinical signs of toxicity, body weight, organ weights, hematology, gross and histological changes in target organs rats and clinical chemistry analysis for all rats. Results : WHW extract at all doses was shown no mortality or abnormal clinical signs in rats during at the observation period. Furthermore, there was no difference in body weight and food-take consumption, organ weight, gross pathological findings, and urine analysis among the groups of rats treated with different doses of WHW extract. The hematological analysis and clinical blood chemistry data were revealed no toxic effects from WHW-treated rats. Conclusions : The results suggest that WHW extract in rats is a wide margin of safety on a acute toxicity.
Antioxidative and Fibrinolytic Activities of Several Medicinal Plant Extracts
Joo, Eun-Young ; Park, Chan-Sung ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 25, issue 3, 2010, Pages 53~60
Objectives : This study was conducted to evaluate the antioxidative and fibrinolytic activity of the water and ethanol extracts from medicinal plants. Methods : Five kinds of medicinal plants(Carthami Flos, Glycyrrhizae Radix, Schisandrae Fructus, Atractylodes Rhizoma, Shiitake mushiroom) were extracted with distilled water and 70% ethanol, and the extracts were tested for their antioxidative and fibrilytic activities. Results : The highest polyphenol contents of the water and ethanol extracts from medicinal plants were 812.52 mg and 685.44 mg per 100 g of Carthamus tinctorius and Schizandra chinensis, respectively. The electron donating abilities (EDA) of the water extracts from all medicinal plants except Lentinus edodes were about 90% at 1,000 ppm and ethanol extracts were higher than those of water extracts. The highest SOD-like activity and nitrite scavenging abilities (NSA) were both of water and ethanol extracts from Schizandra chinensis. Five kinds of medicinal plants had fibrinolytoc activity and the highest activities were water and ethanol extracts from Glycyrrhiza uralensis. Conclusion : These results suggest that the medicinal plants can be used as natural antioxidant to prevent oxidative damage in normal cells probably because of their antioxidative and fibrinolytic activities.
A Comparative study on Characteristic of Ginseng Radix in Korea and China
Song, Ho-Joon ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 25, issue 3, 2010, Pages 61~64
Objctive：To clarify the criterion, the characteristic of varaious age of ginseng radix cultivated in Korea and China were studied. Method：The surface of the transverse section of the specimen was made into a slid by the Paraffin Section method, and then dyed by Safranine Malachite Green method. The samples were observed at the power of 400 by an optic microscope(Olympus, Japan). The component and flavor of ginseng radix were analyzed by TLC(Thinlayer Chromatography) and electronic nose(FOX3000, France). Result：Ginseng radix according to the growing district and various age were comparative analyzed by optic microscope, TLC and electronic nose. The results were as followings. 1. The external form of Korean ginseng is longer and brightness then Chinese ginseng. 2. The internal form of Korean and Chinese ginseng are similar to each other. 3. The component of Korean and Chinese ginseng in TLC are similar to each other. 4. The fragrance of Korean and Chinese ginseng are clearly different. Conclusion：The results in this study demonstrate that morphology and component of Korean ginseng are similar to Chinese, on the other hand, fragrance of Korean and Chinese ginseng are different.
Simultaneous Determination of Seven Compounds by HPLC-PDA and Cytotoxicity of Samchulkunbi-tang
Seo, Chang-Seob ; Lee, Mee-Young ; Kim, Jung-Hoon ; Lee, Jin-Ah ; Shin, Hyeun-Kyoo ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 25, issue 3, 2010, Pages 65~71
Objectives：To develop and validate HPLC-PDA methods for simultaneous determination of seven constituents in Samchulkunbi-tang (SKT). Additionally, we investigated the cytotoxicity against BEAS-2B cell line and splenocytes of SKT. Methods：Reverse-phase chromatography using a Gemini
column operating at
, and photodiode array (PDA) detection at 230, 254 and 280 nm, were used for quantification of the three marker components of SKT. The mobile phase using a gradient flow consisted of two solvent systems. Solvent A was 1.0% (v/v) aqueous acetic acid and solvent B was acetonitrile with 1.0% (v/v) acetic acid. The cytotoxicity of SKT were measured by the CCK-8 assay method. Results：Calibration curves were acquired with
>0.9999, and the relative standard deviation (RSD) values (%) for intra- and inter-day precision were less than 6.0%. The recovery rate of each compound was in the range of 86.89-109.78%, with an RSD less than 4.0%. The contents of seven compounds in SKT were 1.39-6.84 mg/g. SKT had no cytotoxicity effect at 50-200
/mL concentrations. Conclusions：The established method will be helpful to improve quality control and in vitro efficacy study of SKT.
Effects of Leonuri Herba and Leonuri Semen on Hypercholesterolemia
Kim, Seon-Jae ; Han, Hyo-Sang ; Lee, Young-Jong ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 25, issue 3, 2010, Pages 73~80
Objectives：The present study purposed to evaluate the effects of Leonuri Herba and Leonuri Semen on hypercholesterolemia and provide data for the appropriate clinical application of Leonuri Herba and Leonuri Semen. Methods：We applied the water extracts of Leonuri Herba and Leonuri Semen to rats with hypercholesterolemia induced by high-cholesteroldiet, and examined their effects. Results：The levels of the total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol were reduced by the uptake of Leonuri Herba to rats with hypercholesterolemia, but there was no significant effect on the level of TG(triglyceride), HDLc(HDL-cholesterol), FFA(free fatty acid), and Fc(free cholesterol), while the amount of AST and ALT was inhibited. The application of Leonuri Semen brought about the decrease of the total cholesterol and Fc, the increase of TG, HDLc, and FFA, and the significant decrease of the activation of AST. Leonuri Herba had only a weak effect on hypercholesterolemia, while Leonuri Semen had a strong effect on the reduction of the symptoms of hypercholesterolemia. Conclusion：Based on the fact that Leonuri Herba had only a weak effect on hypercholesterolemia, while Leonuri Semen had a strong effect on the reduction of the symptoms of hypercholesterolemia, it is concluded that Leonuri Semen is a better solution for hypercholesterolemia than Leonuri Herba.
Comparative Studies on the Hyperlipidemia of Melandrii Herba and Vaccariae Semen
Lee, Man-Hee ; Han, Hyo-Sang ; Lee, Young-Jong ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 25, issue 3, 2010, Pages 81~90
Objectives : The present study purposed to compare the effects of Melandrii Herba and Vaccariae Semen, which are used as Wang-Bul-Yu-Haeng(王不留行) with vasodilatory effect in Korea and China, respectively, on hyperlipidemia. Methods : We applied the water extract of Melandrii Herba and Vaccariae Semen to rats with hyperlipidemia induced by high-cholesterol diet and high-fructose diet and evaluated their effects. Results : While Vaccariae Semen had significant effect on the reduction of the levels of total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, free cholesterol, and the activation of ALT, the application of Melandrii Herba had no significant effect on the levels of total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, free cholesterol, neutral fat, and free fatty acid, and the activation of AST. For the rats with hypertriglyceridemia, Vaccariae Semen reduced the levels of neutral fat and total cholesterol, but did not significantly reduce the level of free fatty acid and the activation of AST and ALT. The application of Melandrii Herba did not have any significant effect on the levels of neutral fat, total cholesterol, and free fatty acid, and the activation of AST and ALT, but it increased the level of HDL cholesterol. Conclusion : Vaccariae Semen showed a possibility as a remedy for hyperlipidemia, but Melandrii Herba did not show any significant effect. Thus, based on such a difference in remedial effect between Melandrii Herba and Vaccariae Semen, they need to be distinguished in clinical application.
Effects of Acori Rhizoma Extract on the in vitro Anti-platelet Activity in Human Whole Blood
Choi, Go-Ya ; Kim, Seul-Ki ; Lee, In-Sun ; Baek, Ji-Seong ; Jeon, Won-Kyung ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 25, issue 3, 2010, Pages 91~95
Objectives : Acori Rhizoma is one of the common widely used herbal medicines with diverse bioactive effects. However, little evidence has been reported about the potential anti-platelet activity of Acori Rhizoma. The present study examined the effects on platelet aggregation by Acori Rhizoma. Methods : In this study, we tested the in vitro effect of 16 kinds of Acori Rhizoma extracts by hot water or 70% ethanol on collagen-induced platelet aggregation in human whole blood using the impedance method of aggregometry. Results : Among them, 2 kinds of 70% ethanol extract and 1 kind of hot water extract showed the significant inhibiting effect on whole blood aggregation. In particular, Acorus gramineus extracts were selected as the most effective candidate. Conclusiions : The results from this experiment provide pharmacological evidence for the traditional medicine, suggesting that Acorus gramineus could be help problems of blood circulation more than Acorus tatarinowii.
Anti-nociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects of Geranii Herba
Ju, Mi-Sun ; Jeong, Hyun-Uk ; Kim, Hyo-Geun ; Park, Gun-Hyuk ; Youn, You-Suk ; Kim, Young-Ock ; Kim, Sun-Yeou ; Oh, Myung-Sook ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 25, issue 3, 2010, Pages 97~101
Objectives : The present study investigated the anti-nociceptive and anti-inflammatory properties of the water extract of Geranii Herba (The stem and leaves of Geranium thunbergii Sieb. et Zucc.) in the animal models of pain and inflammation. Methods : We evaluated the anti-nociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities of Geranii Herba extract (GHE) using the writhing test, tail-flick test, carrageenan-induced paw edema and xylene-induced ear edema models. Two dose of GHE (100 and 1000 mg/kg) was administrated orally to the mice. Control group received normal saline and ibuprofen (50 mg/kg) was used as a positive control drug. Results : GHE 1000 mg/kg treated group showed an increased tail-flick response time in the tail-flick test and inhibitory effect on writhing syndrome induced by acetic acid. Treatment with GHE at the same dose inhibited ear edema induced by xylene and foot edema induced by carrageenan toxicity. Conclusion : The results demonstrate that GHE has anti-nociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects in the various models of nociception and inflammation.
The Effects of Taeyeumjowee-tang and Taeyeumjoweebaemahwang-tang on Obese rats
Yang, Dong-Hyuk ; Kim, Chae-Hyun ; Jung, Jong-Gil ; Jung, Hyun-Woo ; Choi, Chan-Hun ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 25, issue 3, 2010, Pages 103~109
Objective : The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of Taeyeumjoweetang (TJT) and Taeyeumjoweebaemahwangtang (TJBM) medication on body weight change and serum total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, triglyceride, free fatty acid, total lipid, phospholipid level, and CBC of obese rats. Methods : Obese rats induced by high-fat fed are medicated for 7 weeks. 32 rats are divided into four groups depending on the medication; normal group (general-fat fed and no-medication), control group (high-fat fed and no medication), TJT group (high-fat fed and TJT medication) and TJBM group (high-fat fed and TJBM medication). After 7 weeks, obesity related index and CBC are analysed. Results : There is a significant statistical difference between control group and TJBM group for the body weight change, the total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, and triglyceride level: total cholesterol values of control and TJBM are
, respectively; HDL cholesterol values of control and TJBM are
, respectively; triglyceride values of control and TJBM are
and TJBM :
, respectively. There is a significant statistical difference between control group, TJT, and TJBM group for free fatty acid and phospholipid level: free fatty acid values of control, TJT, and TJBM are
, respectively; phospholipid values of Control, TJT, and TJBM are
, respectively. Conclusion : These results suggest that medication of TJT and TJBM is effective for the treatment of obesity. Especially, TJBM is more effective than TJT.
Antibacterial Activity of Caesalpinia sappan and Coptis chinensis Extracts against Bacillus cereus and Vibrio parahaemolyticus
Lee, Gun-Hee ; Doh, Eun-Soo ; Chang, Jun-Pok ; Kil, Gi-Jung ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 25, issue 3, 2010, Pages 111~116
Objectives : This experimental study was performed to investigate the antibacterial effect of Caesalpinia sappan and Coptis chinensis extract against B. cereus and V. parahaemolyticus. Methods : Methanol extracts of C. sappan and C. chinensis was tested against B. cereus and V. parahaemolyticus by paper disc method. Results : The growth of B. cereus and V. parahaemolyticus was inhibited by C. sappan and C. chinensis extract among 6 kinds of medicinal plant extracts. The extract of C. sappan and C. chinensis extract inhibited the growth of V. parahaemolyticus and B. cereus, respectively. The growth of B. cereus and V. parahaemolyticus had a tendency to increase depend on the concentration of the extract. EtOEt and EtOAc fractions and EtOEt and BuOH fractions of the C. sappan extract had a high antibacterial activity against B. cereus and V. parahaemolyticus, respectively. And, BuOH and
fractions of the C. chinensis extract showed antibacterial activity against B. cereus highly. Conclusions : C. sappan and C. chinensis extract efficiently inhibited the growth of B. cereus and V. parahaemolyticus.
Effects of Herbal Remedy for Diabetes Mellitus-01 (HRDM-01) on Liver and Serum Lipid Level in Diabetic Rats
Kim, Hyung-Woo ; Ha, Tae-Hoon ; Cho, Myung-Rae ; Cho, Su-In ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 25, issue 3, 2010, Pages 117~121
Objective：The Herbal Remedy for Diabetes Mellitus-01 (HRDM-01) is composed of 11 species of medicinal plants. HRDM-01 is used as anti-hyperglycaemic agent. Anti-hyperglycaemic agents in western medicine often have hepatotoxicities. Therefore, we investigated safety of HRDM-01, especially in liver functions. Methods：We investigated the effects of HRDM-01 on liver function measuring serum AST, ALT and LDH levels and histopathological changes of liver tissue using photomicroscope. In addition, we also investigated the effects on serum lipid levels such as total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol and triglyceride. Results：In our experiment, single injection of streptozotocin elevated levels of AST and ALT in serum. But LDH level was not affected. In addition, our animal model showed elevated levels of total cholesterol and triglyceride in serum. 30 days treatment with HRDM-01 lowered serum AST level. Serum levels of ALT and LDH did not affected. In addition, HRDM-01 lowered serum triglyceride level significantly. In histopathological observation, we did not find any abnormal changes in all experimental groups. Conclusions：Briefly, HRDM-01 did not elevate serum levels of ALT, LDH, total cholesterol and did not affect histopathological changes in liver tissues. Moreover, HRDM-01 lowered serum AST, triglyceride, which are elevated by induction of diabetes mellitus. These results suggest the safety of HRDM-01 in diabetic treatment.
A philological study on adverse effect of restoratives for invigorating qi(補氣藥)
Koo, Jin-Suk ; Park, Ji-Ha ; Seo, Bu-Il ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 25, issue 3, 2010, Pages 123~130
Objectives & Method：We investigated adverse symptoms, toxicity, treatment and prevention against adverse effects of restoratives for invigorating qi(補氣藥) in order to use herbal medicines accurately. Result：Ginseng Radix(人參), Codonopsis Pilosulae Radix(黨參), Panacis Quinquefolii Radix(西洋參), Astragali Radix(黃芪), Atractylodis Rhizoma Alba(白朮), Dioscoreae Rhizoma(山藥), Dolichoris Semen(白扁豆), Glycyrrhizae Radix(甘草), Jujubae Fructus(大棗) and Mel(蜂蜜) may give rise to some side effects, allergic reaction or toxic symptoms in restoratives for invigorating qi(補氣藥). The representative methods of poisoning treatment in western medicines are stopping medication, washing out the stomach, promotion of vomiting, causing diarrhea, supplies of grape sugar and symptomatic treatment, etc. The representative methods of poisoning treatment in oriental medicine take advantage of various herbs. And Oriental medical doctor should meet symptoms as patients call for attention. In order to prevent against poisoning of restoratives for invigorating qi(補氣藥), the patients should keep usage, dosage and notes. Conclusion：We should pay attention to clinical using of Ginseng Radix(人參), Codonopsis Pilosulae Radix(黨參), Panacis Quinquefolii Radix(西洋參), Astragali Radix(黃芪), Atractylodis Rhizoma Alba(白朮), Dioscoreae Rhizoma (山藥), Dolichoris Semen(白扁豆), Glycyrrhizae Radix(甘草), Jujubae Fructus(大棗) and Mel(蜂蜜) in restoratives for invigorating qi(補氣藥).
Analysis of papers on Oriental herbal medicines(prescriptions and herbs) for dementia
Koo, Jin-Suk ; Seo, Bu-Il ; Park, Ji-Ha ; Roh, Seong-Soo ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 25, issue 3, 2010, Pages 131~137
Objectives：In this study, we surveyed papers about Oriental herbal medicines(prescriptions and herbs) for dementia. Method：We collected 64 research papers on Oriental herbal medicines(prescriptions and herbs) for dementia in the internet site OASIS using the keyword dementia. Then we analysed them according to year, research method, etc. Result & Conclusion：The absolute majority of research papers on Oriental herbal medicines(prescriptions and herbs) for dementia was experimental papers. And there were not enough clinical papers. In the future, we have to perform more studies such as RCT(Randomized Controlled Trial) and research papers on combined medication of the oriental and the western medicines for dementia.
A Herbological Study on the Plants of Crassulaceae in Korea
Joo, Jung-Suk ; Choi, Chan-Hun ; Kim, Jeong-Sang ; Kim, Chae-Hyun ; Jeong, Jong-Gil ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 25, issue 3, 2010, Pages 139~147
Objectives：For the purpose of developing Korean herbalogy of the plants belonging to Crassulaceae in Korea, the literatures of the successive generations have been thoroughly investigated to prepare this article. Methods：The examined herbalogical books and research papers which published at home and abroad. Results： 1. There were totaled to 6 genera and 39 species in Crassulaceae in Korea and among them medicinal plants are 5 genera, 14 species, some 36% in total. 2. Sedum genus is main kind enough that it has 20 species among 39 species in the Crassulaceae, of which medicinal plants are 9 species. 3. The herb is the main medicinal parts of medicinal plants in the Crassulaceae which is used in 14 species. 4. According to nature and flavor of medicinal plants in the Crassulaceae, they were classified into neutral 12 species; sour taste 14 in the order. 5. According to meridian propism of medicinal plants in the Crassulaceae, they were classified into liver meridian 13 species. 6. According to the properties and principal curative action in the Crassulaceae, they were classified into drugs for detoxicant 19 species, drugs for styptic 18, drugs for detumescence 14 in the order. 7. The number of toxic species in the Crassulaceae was examined to be 3 species. Conclusions：There were totaled to 6 genera and 39 species in Crassulaceae in Korea and among them medicinal plants are 5 genera, 14 species, some 36% in total.
Hepatoprotective Effect of Gagam-GongJin-dan extract against Acetaminophen-Induced Liver Injury in Mice
Kim, Hong-Hun ; Mok, Ji-Ye ; Park, Kwang-Hyun ; Jeong, Seung-Il ; Hwang, Byung-Soon ; Hwang, Sung-Yeoun ; Cho, Jung-Keun ; Jang, Seon-Il ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 25, issue 3, 2010, Pages 149~157
Objective：Gagam-Gongjin-dan (GGD) is an oriental medicinal prescription composited with Cervi parvum Cornu, Corni Fructus, Angelica Gigantis Radix, Lycii Fructus, Dioscoreae Rhizoma, Citri Pericarpium, Gastrodiae Rihzoma, Agastachis Herba, Cassiae cortex, Scutellariae Radix and Schisandrae Fructus. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of GGD extract against acetaminophen (APAP)-induced liver injury in mice. Methods：GGD extract was prepared by extracting with methanol for 7 days. The extract was freeze-dried following filtration through vacuum distillation system. The first, we investigated the antioxidant effects of GGD extract on electronic donating ability (DPPH), nitrite (NO) scavenging and superoxide dismutase (SOD)-like activity. The next, we investigated the possible hepatoprotective effect of GGD extract administration against acetaminophen-induced liver injury in mice. Mice were orally administrated with or without GGD extract of different doses (25-100 mg/kg/day) one times per day for 6 days. After 3 days, APAP was orally applied with a single dose (400 mg/kg). Results：GGD extract increased DPPH, NO and SOD-like activities in dose dependant. APAP treatment significantly increased aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) activities in plasma. Also, APAP treatment significantly evaluated lipid peroxidation product thiobarbituric reacting substances (TBARS) and depleted some antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase, catalase, d-aminolevulinate dehydratase and gluthathione peroxidase activities) in liver homogenates compared to the control group. However, the orally administration of GGD extract was able to counteract these effects. Histological studies provided supportive evidence for biochemical analysis Conclusions：These results suggest that GGD extract has a potential antioxidant and hepatoprotective effect against APAP-induced liver injury, these properties may contribute to liver disease care.