Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korea Journal of Herbology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Association of Herbology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Dec 2010
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Sep 2010
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Jun 2010
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Mar 2010
Selecting the target year
Comparative Study of Extracts from Rhubarb on Anti-Thrombotic and Anti-Platelet Activity
Yang, Won-Kyung ; Sung, Yoon-Young ; Cheon, Myeong-Sook ; Yoon, Tae-Sook ; Kim, Ho-Kyoung ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 25, issue 4, 2010, Pages 1~6
Objective : The purpose of this study is to compare anti-thrombotic activities of 4 Rhubarb species. Methods : Rhubarb has been used as medical and edible resources worldwide for the therapy of cancer, constipation and inflammation, etc. To compare the anti-thrombotic activities among the species within rhubarb, we investigated and compared the inhibitory properties of water extracts from R. palmatum(RPE), R. officinale(ROE), R. nobile(RNE), and R. franzenbachii (RFE) on the fibrinolysis, blood coagulation and platelet aggregation. APTT and PT, blood coagulation time, were measured by apparatus of auto blood coagulation analysis that called ACL-7000. The measurement of fibrinolysis was measured and compares with the width of clear zone from melted fibrin plate. The platelet aggregation was measured and compared with inhibition rate of aggregation. Results : We found out the best species from rhubarb showing the significant fibrinolytic, anti-coagulant and anti-platelet aggregation activity. Our results show that Rheum nobile (RNE) has the most effective anti-thrombotic activity among 4 tested rhubarb. Conclusions : This study, therefore, RNE will be able to be used the development of drug which is thrombosis treatment.
Nodakenin and Decursin Contents of Fermented Angelicae Gigantis Radix by 4 Species Strain
Park, Jin-Han ; Jung, Ji-Wook ; Kweon, Kee-Tae ; Seo, Min-Jun ; Seo, Eun-Kyoung ; Park, Yong-Ki ; Lee, Je-Hyun ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 25, issue 4, 2010, Pages 7~10
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate the nodakenin and decursin contents in each fermented Angelicae gigantis Radix by 4 species of ferment strains. Methods : The strains of fermented Angelicae gigantis Radix were Lactobacillus plantarum(SE1), L. acidophilus(AC), Bacillus subtilis(B2) and B. licheniformis(BL2). The fermentative changes of nodakenin and decursin were analyzed using HPLC. Results : All of 4 species strains reduced nodakenin and decursin concentration in Angelicae gigantis Radix by fermentation. But fermentability were difference between strains. The nodakenin concentration of AC was lower than B2. The decursin concentrations of SE1 and AC were lower than B2 and BL2. Conclusions : 4 species of fermental strain were difference decomposable rate with nodakenin and decursin in fermented Angelicae gigantis Radix.
Synergistic Effect of Notopterygium incisum with Clematis manshurica in the Anti-inflammatory Activity
Kim, Seung-Ju ; Chun, Jin-Mi ; Yang, Won-Kyung ; Cheon, Myeong-Sook ; Sung, Yoon-Young ; Park, Jun-Yeon ; Kim, Ho-Kyoung ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 25, issue 4, 2010, Pages 11~16
Objective : Oriental medicines have been combined oriental medical theory which based on the seven modes of emotions. Notopterygium incisum (N. incisum) and Clematis manshurica (C. manshurica) have been used as an anti-rheumatic and analgesic medicine for the treatment of rheumatism, headache, cold, etc. In this study, we evaluate the synergistic anti-inflammatory effect of N. incisum and C. manshurica. Method : To evaluate the synergistic anti-inflammatory effect of a herbal mixture N. incisum and C. manshurica, we examined the changed ear thickness in 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-induced mouse ear edema model after topical application of herbal mixture. In addition, the levels of markers for inflammation, such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-
, interleukin (IL)-
), and nitric oxide (NO) were measured by ELISA assay and Griess reagent in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated Raw 264.7 cells. Results : Our results showed that aqueous extracts of N. incisum and C. manshurica combination significantly inhibited the mouse ear edema induced by TPA. Moreover, the aqueous extracts of N. incisum and C. manshurica combination exhibited synergistic effects in down-regulating TNF-
level, but not NO. Conclusions : This study suggested that combined treatment of N. incisum and C. manshurica, based on seven methods in prescription compatibility, has a synergistic effect in down-regulating inflammatory response both in vitro and in vivo models.
Differential Mechanisms of Vascular Relaxation between Alcohol Steamed Rhei Tangutici Radix et Rhizoma and Rhei Tangutici Radix et Rhizoma
Yang, Jae-Kyung ; Shin, Heung-Mook ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 25, issue 4, 2010, Pages 17~21
Objectives : The aim of this study was to evaluate the differential mechnism of vasodilation of alcohol steamed Rhei Tangutici Radix et Rhizoma. (ART) and Rhei Tangutici Radix et Rhizoma. (RT) in rat thoracic aorta. Methods : Rat aortic ring preparations were mounted in organ baths with oxygenated (95%
) Krebs-Ringer bicarbonate solutions at
and subjected to contractions or relaxations. Results : ART exerted vasorelaxation on phenylephrine(PE)-induced contraction in a dose dependent manner. Vasorelaxation effects of ART and RT were endothelium-independent. In the
-free high KCl (60 mM) baths, the contraction of aortic rings induced by accumulative addition of
(0.3-10.0 mM) was significantly reduced by pre-treatment with both ART and RT for 10 min. The magnitude of vasodilatation was biggerin ART. Moreover, verapamil (
) and diltiazem (
), voltage operative
channel blockers, attenuated the relaxation effect of ART but not that of RT. In the absence of extracellular
, pre-incubation of the aortic rings with RT (
) significantly reduced the contraction caused by PE but not that of ART.
channel inhibitors such as glibenclamide (Gli,
), tetraethylammonium (TEA, 1 mM) and 4-aminopyridine (4-AP, 0.2 mM) significantly reduced the ART's vasorelaxation efficacy, but not that of RT. However, the relaxation effects of ART and RT were not inhibited by pre-treatment with indomethacin (
), and atropine (
). Conclusions : These results suggest that the endothelium-independent relaxation is due to inhibition of
influx via the suppression of
release from intracelluar store in RT but via both voltage operative
channel blockage and
channel activation in ART.
Comparison of immune response and HPLC analysis for combination of Aconiti Lateralis Radix Preparata and Glycyrrhizae Radix
Lee, Jin-Ah ; Ha, Hye-Kyung ; Jung, Da-Young ; Seo, Chang-Seob ; Lee, Ho-Young ; Shin, Hyeun-Kyoo ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 25, issue 4, 2010, Pages 23~29
Objectives : To investigate the immunological activities, we evaluated the combination ratio of Aconiti Lateralis Radix Preparata and Glycyrrhizae Radix (AG) on murine macrophage cell line (RAW 264.7) and ovalbumin/aluminium (OVA/Alum)-immunized mice. Methods : The cellular proliferation and the production of nitric oxide were examined in a macrophage cell line, RAW 264.7 cells, in the presence of the combination ratio of Aconiti Lateralis Radix Preparata and Glycyrrhizae Radix. C57BL/6 mice were immunized intraperitonially with ovalbumin/aluminium (
) on day 1, 8, and 15. The combination ratio of Aconiti Lateralis Radix Preparata and Glycyrrhizae Radix (1 g/kg/day) was orally administrated for 3 weeks. On day 22, splenocyte and plasma were collected for mitogen-induced proliferation, lymphocyte subpopulation by flow cytometry and measurement of AST (Aspirate aminotransferase), ALT (Alanine aminotransferase), and antibodies (OVA-specific antibodies of the IgG, IgG1, and total IgM classes). Results : Aconiti Lateralis Radix Preparata treatment had no influence on immune responses. The proliferation and NO production of macrophage and proliferation of splenocyte were increased as the higher ratio of Glycrrhizae Radix. The proliferation of splenocyte, lymphocyte subpopulation and production of antibody (total IgM, OVA-specific IgG and OVA-specific IgG1) were increased as the higher ratio of Glycrrhizae Radix on OVA-immunzed mice. Conclusions : These results suggest that the higher ratio of Glycyrrhizae Radix can increase immunological activities such as NO production in RAW264.7 cells, splenocyte proliferation and immunoglobulin production in OVA-immunized mice.
Neuroprotective Effects of Agrimoniae Herba against Intrastriatal Hemorrhage in Rats
Choi, Young-Seuk ; Kim, Youn-Sub ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 25, issue 4, 2010, Pages 31~37
Objects : This study was performed in order to evaluate the effects of Agrimoniae herba (AH) ethanol extract on intrastriatal hemorrhage (ISH). Method : ISH was induced by the stereotaxic intrastriatal injection of bacterial collagenase type IV in Sprague-Dawley rats. AH was orally given once a day for 3 days after ISH. Hematoma volume and percentage edema were examined. Immunohistochemistry was processed for iNOS, c-Fos, MMP-9, and MMP-12 expressions in the brain sections and each immuno-labeling were calculated with image analysis. Results : results are as follows; 1. AH reduced the hematoma volume and percentage edema of the ISH-induced rat brain. 2. AH swollen apoptotic bodies and neurons in the peri-hematoma regions of the ISH-induced rat brain. 3. AH significantly reduced c-Fos, MMP-9 and MMP-12 positive cells in the peri-hematoma regions of the ISH-induced rat brain. 4. AH swollen iNOS expressions in the peri-hematoma regions of the ISH-induced rat brain. Conclusion : These results suggest that AH plays an anti-apoptotic neuroprotective effect through control of ISH, suppression of c-Fos, and down-regulation of MMP-9 and MMP-12 expressions in the brain tissues.
Study of Efficacy of Foeniculi Fructus and Lonicerae Flos Extract on Acute Pancreatitis
Joo, Jeoung-Sek ; Kim, Jeong-Sang ; Jeong, Jong-Gil ; Kim, Bong-Kyoo ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 25, issue 4, 2010, Pages 39~45
Objectives : This study was undertaken to compare the effect of Foeniculi Fructus and Lonicerae Flos extract on the cerulein-induced acute pancreatitis in rats. Methods : Acute pancreatitis was induced by intraperitoneal injection of cerulein. Foeniculi Fructus extract (FE; 300 mg/kg) and Lonicerae Flos extract (LE; 300 mg/kg) were injected 2hr before induction of acute pancreatitis. Rats were sacrificed 6hr after first injection of cerulein. The severity of pancreatitis was assessed by measuring pancreatic weight/body weight ratio, neutrophil, lymphocyte, serum amylase activity, platelet activating factor (PAF) activity, tumor necrosis factor-
) activity, interleukin 6 (IL-6) activity and by histological assessments of inflammatory cell infiltration. Results : 1. The pancreatic weight/body weight ratios of FE and LE group compared with the control group were decreased significantly. 2. The neutrophil content ratio of FE and LE group compared with the control group were decreased. 3. The lymphocyte content ratio of FE and LE group compared with the control group were increased significantly. 4. The activities of serum amylase of FE and LE group compared with the control group were decreased significantly. 5. The activities of serum PAF of FE and LE group compared with the control group were decreased significantly. 6. The activities of TNF-
of FE and LE group compared with the control group were decreased significantly. 7. The activities of IL-6 of FE and LE group compared with the control group were decreased significantly. 8. The pancreas injected with FE and LE showed reduction of swelling of acinar cells, inflammation and vacuolization than the control group on light microscopic observation. Conclusions : These results suggest that Foeniculi Fructus and Lonicerae Flos extract have an effect to suppress inflammation on cerulein-induced acute pancreatitis in rats. But there are no significant differences between Foeniculi Fructus extract and Lonicerae Flos extract.
Molecular Authentication of Schisandrae Fructus and Analysis of Phylogenetic Relationship based on nrDNA-ITS sequences
Moon, Byeong-Cheol ; Ji, Yun-Ui ; Seo, Hyeong-Seok ; Lee, A-Young ; Chun, Jin-Mi ; Kim, Ho-Kyoung ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 25, issue 4, 2010, Pages 47~54
Objectives : The original plant species of Schisandrae Fructus (O-mi-ja) is prescribed as Schisandra chinensis
, in Korea, but S. chinensis
and S. sphenanthera
in China. Moreover, fruit of several other species in genus Schisandra also have been used as the same herbal medicines. To develop a reliable method for correct identification of Schisandrae Fructus and to evaluate the phylogenetic relationship of S. chinensis and its related species, we analyzed internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA (nrDNA). Methods : Twenty-four plant samples of three Schisandra species and one Kadsura species, S. chinensis
, S. spenanthera
, S. nigra
and Kadsura japonica
were collected from each different native habitate and farm in Korea and China. The nrDNA-ITS region of each samples were amplified using ITS1 and ITS4 primer and nucleotide sequences were determined after sub-cloning into the pGEM-Teasy vector. Authentic marker nucleotides were estimated by the analysis of ClastalW based on the entire nrDNA-ITS sequence. Results : In comparative analysis of the nrDNA-ITS sequences, we found specific nucleotide sequences including indels (insertions and deletions) and substitutions to distinguish C. chinensis, S. spenanthera, S. nigra, and K. japonica. These sequence differences at corresponding positions are avaliable nucleotide markers to determine the botanical origin of O-mi-ja. Moreover, we evaluated the phylogenetic relationship of four plant species by the analysis of nrDNA-ITS sequences. Conclusions : These marker nucleotides would be useful to identify the official herbal medicines by the providing of definitive information that can identify each plant species and distinguish it from unauthentic adulterants for O-mi-ja.
Antioxidant Activities and Inhibitory Effect on Oxidative DNA Damage of Nelumbinis Semen Extracts
Park, Jae-Ho ; Lee, Byung-Gu ; Byun, Gwang-In ; Kim, Do-Wan ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 25, issue 4, 2010, Pages 55~59
Objective : This study was conducted to investigate the antioxidant activity and inhibitory effect on oxidative DNA damage of Nelumbinis Semen Extracts Methods : Nelumbins semen were extracted with hot-water and ethylacetate (EtOAC). The 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and hydroxyl radical scavenging assay and
chelating assay were performed for antioxidative effect and
-174 RF I DNA cleavage assay and intracellular DNA damage assay were used for inhibitory effect on intracellular DNA damage. Results : In DPPH, Hydroxyl radical scavenging activity and
chelating activity of EtOAC extracts were 96.22%, 53.53%, 64.72%, while those of hot-water extracts were 20.86%, 10.72%, 29.74% at
, respectively. In
-174 RF I plasmid DNA cleavage assay, the protective effects of EtOAC and hot-water extracts against oxidative DNA damage were 76% and 6% at
, respectively. Conclusion : These results indicated that the seed extracts of Nelumbo nucifera can be used as a natural antioxidants, which effectively inhibits the oxidative DNA damage.
Effects of Paeoniae Radix Rubra on CRF, c-Fos and TH in the Forced Swimming Test
Min, Nam-Ki ; Lee, Tae-Hee ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 25, issue 4, 2010, Pages 61~67
Objectives : For the purpose of verifying the anti-depressant effect of Paeoniae Radix Rubra(PR), the expression of corticotropin-releasing factor(CRF), c-Fos and tyrosine hydroxylase(TH) was evaluated after performing the Forced Swimming Test(FST). Methods : Spraque-Dawley rats were ingested PR extract(100mg/kg, 400mg/kg, p.o.) for 3 times prior to FST. And the expression of corticotropin-releasing factor(CRF), c-Fos in the paraventricular nucleus(PVN) and tyrosine hydroxylase(TH) in the locus coelureus(LC) and ventral tegmental area(VTA) was measured immunohistochemically after FST. Results : The duration of immobility was significantly decreased in PR 100mg/kg Group and PR 400mg/kg Group, in comparison with the control group (p<0.001). The expression of CRF in the PVN was significantly decreased in PR 400mg/kg Group in comparison of the control group (p<0.05). The expression of c-Fos in the PVN was rather significantly increased in PR 100mg/kg Group in comparison with the control group, while almost no change was demonstrated in PR 400mg/kg Group. The expression of TH was significantly decreased in VTA in comparison with the control group (p<0.05), but the number of expression cells in LC was slightly decreased in case of PR 100mg/kg group while it was increased in case of PR 400mg/kg Group. Conclusion : Judging from the result of the aforementioned tests, Paeoniae Radix Rubra has decreased immobility. In addition, it has also decreased the expression of CRF and the expression of TH in VTA, while the expression of c-Fos and of TH in LC has no significance. Therefore, it is believed that Paeoniae Radix Rubra has an anti-depressant effect by decreased immobility through the reduced expression of CRF and TH in VTA.
Vasorelaxant Effect of Gangwhal in Korean and Chinese on Rat Thoracic Aorta Rings
Lee, Kyung-Jin ; Kim, Deok-Soo ; Ham, In-Hye ; Kim, Ho-Kyoung ; Bu, Young-Min ; Kim, Ho-Cheol ; Choi, Ho-Young ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 25, issue 4, 2010, Pages 69~75
Objectives : The root and rhizome of "Gangwhal" have been used as a traditional medicine for the treatment of cold, fever, headache, swelling, arthritis, rhinitis, and cardiovascular diseases in Korea and china. In china, Gangwhal is well known as a useful oriental medicinal plant that treats cardiovascular diseases such as stroke, headache and hypertension, but little research exists about the effect of O. koreanum on cardiovascular disease. Therefore we investigated the vasorelaxant effects of O. koreanum and compared the vasorelaxant effects of four species of Gangwhal. Methods : The vasorelaxant effects of the ethanol extracts of Ostericum koreanum (NK and BK), Notopterygium incisium (NI), and N. forbesii (NF) on phenyleprine (
) or KCl (60mM) pre-contracted rat thoracic aorta rings were compared. The vasorelaxant effects of the water extract and ethanol extract of NK on phenyleprine (
) or KCl (60mM) pre-contracted rat thoracic aorta rings were compared. And the vasorelaxant effects of chloroform, ethylacetate and water fraction of ethanol extract of NK on phenyleprine (
) or KCl (60mM) pre-contracted rat thoracic aorta rings were compared. Results : Ethanol extracts of NK, BK, NI and NF relaxed rat thoracic aorta rings with a concentration-dependent manner, and NK showed the greatest vasorelaxant effect. And ethanol extract of NK was much more effective than water extract of NK. Finally, chloroform, ethylacetate and water fraction of ethanol extract of NK also relaxed rat thoracic aorta rings, and chloroform fraction showed the greatest vasorelaxant effect.
Anti-inflammatory effect and contents from the aerial part and root of the various Taraxacum spp. distributed in Korea
Lee, Mi-Hwa ; Song, Sun-Ho ; Ham, In-Hye ; Bu, Young-Min ; Kim, Ho-Cheol ; Choi, Ho-Young ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 25, issue 4, 2010, Pages 77~84
Objectives : Taraxaci Herba et Radix (THR) is widely used as a food and medicinal herb in Korea. It has been used for treatment of virus inflammatory disease, liver diseases and gastritis. So far, anti-inflammatory effects and constituents of various species in THR has not been studied for comparison. The aim of this study is to compare the anti-inflammatory effects of the aerial part and root from various THR. Also, we have compared the contents of its known constituents with each. Methods : In this study, we estimated anti-inflammatory effect and compared their constituent by HPLC. For the determination of anti-inflammatory effects, we investigated NO and
production by ELISA. The expressions of iNOS was determined by western blotting in LPS-induced RAW 264.7 macrophage cells. And, standard compounds which are methyl gallate, gallic acid, syringic acid and esculetin of THR were analyzed by HPLC using a
column. Results : Methanol extracts of THR decreased NO and
production. The expressions of iNOS protein were also decreased in methanol extracts of THR. As a result, HPLC analysis showed that they showed similar patterns. Methyl gallate and esculetin showed the highest content. Methyl gallate was included over 10% content in each aerial part and root of THR. Conclusions : These results indicate that most of THR distributed in Korea might represent therapeutic agent for treatment of inflammatory diseases.
Effects of Gastrodiae Rhizoma on Brain Edema and Aquaporin Expressions Following Intracerebral Hemorrhage in Rats
Lee, Ju-Yong ; Ku, Ja-Seung ; Lee, Dong-Eun ; Shin, Jung-Won ; Kim, Seung-Joon ; Sohn, Nak-Won ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 25, issue 4, 2010, Pages 85~93
Objectives : This study aimed at evaluation of the effects of Gastrodiae Rhizoma on brain edema and aquaporin water channel expressions in the brain. Methods : Brain edema following intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) was induced by the stereotaxic intrastriatal injection of bacterial collagenase type VII in Sprague-Dawley rats. Then ethanol extract of Gastrodiae rhizoma was treated once a day for 3 days. Brain edema % and water contents, and cell size of neurons in the cerebral cortex were examined. Immuno-histochemistry was processed for AQP4, AQP1, and AQP9 expressions in the brain sections and area % of immuno-labeling was analyzed with image analysis. Results : 1. Ethanol extract of Gastrodiae Rhizoma reduced brain edema of ICH induced rats significantly. 2. Ethanol extract of Gastrodiae Rhizoma reduced excessive brain tissue water contents of ICH induced rats significantly. 3. Ethanol extract of Gastrodiae Rhizoma reduced cellular edema of neurons in cerebral cortex of ICH induced rats significantly. 4. Ethanol extract of Gastrodiae Rhizoma reduced AQP4 immuno-positive area % in cerebral cortex and external capsule of ICH induced rat brain significantly. 5. Ethanol extract of Gastrodiae Rhizoma reduced AQP9 immuno-positive area % in glia limitans externa of ICH induced rat brain significantly. Conclusions : These results suggest that Gastrodiae Rhizoma reveals protective effects against brain edema and cytotoxic edema of neurons by means of down-regulation of AQP4 expression in the brain.
The Comparative Study of Quality by Processing Methods of Liriope platyphylla
Cho, Eun-Hwan ; Roh, Seong-Soo ; Seo, Young-Bae ; Jeong, Gi-Hoon ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 25, issue 4, 2010, Pages 95~102
Objectives : Specifications by Processing Methods of Liriope platyphylla (LP) was not established in korea. We carried out method study for manufacture of LP. Above all, LP were purchased and were processed at four kinds. First group had hearts of swelling roots, not cut bodies(LP-A). Second group had not hearts of swelling roots, not cut bodies(LP-B). Third group had hearts of swelling roots, cut bodies(LP-C). Forth group had an aggregate of hearts of swelling roots(LP-D). Methods : We has gained losses on drying, contents of ethanol-soluble extracts, contents of water-soluble extracts and contents of spicatoside A. Results : 1. Losses on drying of all group were less than 18% that is a standard of chinese pharmacopoeia. 2. Contents of ethanol-soluble extracts at LP-C, LP-D were included more than contents of those in the other groups in significance levels. 3. Contents of water-soluble extracts at LP-A, LP-C were included more than contents of those in the other groups in significance levels. 4. Contents of spicatoside A in LP-B were included more than content of spicatoside A in the other groups in significance levels. Resultingly, standards of LP in korea were proposed compatible proposals suggested as below. 1. Losses on drying of LP were less than 15% that is less than that of chinese pharmacopoeia. 2. Form to boil in water must be cutting body with heart of swelling root. 3. Because there is no content of spicatoside A in heart of swelling root, it is not suited to purpose a index component. Conclusions : The subjects of loss on drying and form of LP to boil in water must be contained in korean pharmacopoeia. Moreover, because of much valuable LP in food and medicine, it is urgently required aspect of index component such as spicatoside B, spicatoside C, flavonoid, polysaccharide having medical actions and so on.
Anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory effect of Do-Ki-Tang methanol extract in mouse macrophage cells
Kim, Dong-Wan ; Yun, Hyun-Jeong ; Heo, Jun-Young ; Kim, Tae-Hoon ; Cho, Hyun-Jin ; Park, Sun-Dong ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 25, issue 4, 2010, Pages 103~112
Objective : The aim of this study was to determine whether methanol extract of Do-Ki-Tang (DKT) inhibit free radical generation and production of nitrite an index of NO,
, iNOS, COX-2 and pro-inflammatory cytokines such as TNF-
, IL-6 and MCP-1 in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages. Methods : Cytotoxic activity of extract on RAW 264.7 cells was measured using 5-(3-caroboxymeth-oxyphenyl)-2H-tetra-zolium inner salt (MTS) assay. The expression level of inflammatory response-related proteins was confirmed by western blot. The production of proinflammatory cytokines was measured by ELISA. Results : Our results indicated that DKT scavenged DPPH radical and nitric oxide in vitro. Moreover, DKT significantly inhibited the LPS-induced NO,
production and iNOS, COX-2 expression accompanied by an attenuation of TNF-
, IL-6 and MCP-1 formation in macrophages. Furthermore, DKT treatment also blocked LPS-induced intracellular ROS production and the activation of NF-
and MAPKs. Conclusion : Our data suggest that the anti-inflammatory effect of DKT is mediated through down-modulation of pro-inflammatory mediators and cytokines by blocking the signaling pathways of NF-
and MAPKs. These inhibitory effects by DKT represent a potential therapeutic approach to the treatment of inflammatory diseases.
Study of the Intestinal Motility Effects of Chaenomelis Sinensis Fructus and Chaenomelis Lagenariae Fructus
Choi, Young-Seong ; Han, Hyo-Sang ; Lee, Young-Jong ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 25, issue 4, 2010, Pages 113~120
Objectives : This study was conducted to compare Chaenomelis Sinensis Fructus with Chaenomelis Lagenariae Fructus, and to examine Fructus chaenomelis having an influence on Intestinal Motility. Methods : We compared Chaenomelis Sinensis Fructus with Chaenomelis Lagenariae Fructus, by observing their effects on Intestinal Motility. Oral administration of water extracts of Chaenomelis Sinensis Fructus and Chaenomelis Lagenariae Fructus into albino rats was followed by dealing with carbachol or loperamide, injecting charcoal meal and measuring the moving length in the intestine. Results : By Chaenomelis Sinensis Fructus and Chaenomelis Lagenariae Fructus, the Intestinal Motility of normal albino rats did not change significantly. Chaenomelis Sinensis Fructus and Chaenomelis Lagenariae Fructus controled the accelerated Intestinal Motility of albino rats. Chaenomelis Sinensis Fructus was not different from the extracting method, Chaenomelis Lagenariae Fructus had effects of control on extracting by methanol significantly. When Chaenomelis Sinensis Fructus was compared with Chaenomelis Lagenariae Fructus, the former was proved to have control effects on Intestinal Motility in decoction extracts and extracts by ethyl ether higher than the latter. By both Chaenomelis Sinensis Fructus and Chaenomelis Lagenariae Fructus, the declined Intestinal Motility was not changed significantly. Conclusion : Chaenomelis Fructus suppressed the exasperated Intestinal Motility by carbachol, but did not influence the dropped Intestinal Motility by loperamide. In addition, Chaenomelis Sinensis Fructus was more excellent than Chaenomelis Lagenariae Fructus in its control effects of Intestinal Motility. inhibitory effects by DKT represent a potential therapeutic approach to the treatment of inflammatory diseases.
Studies on the Inhibitory Effect of Berberidis Ramulus to the Liver Cancer
Lee, Chung-Heon ; Han, Hyo-Sang ; Lee, Young-Jong ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 25, issue 4, 2010, Pages 121~128
Objectives : This study purposed to research the inhibitory effect of Berberidis Ramulus on the liver cancer. Methods : A total extract of Berberidis Ramulus decoction were prepared. Through the measurement of the cell proliferation, apoptosis, morphology and cytokine level from the extracts, the influence on HepG2 cell were compared. Results : Berberidis Ramulus extract significantly inhibited the proliferation, increased the apoptosis, decreased the TGF-
gene expression and the K-RAS gene expression, significantly increased the level of TNF-
secretion and increased the rates of IFN-
secretory cells. Conclusion : It is suggested that Berberidis Ramulus extract turned out to have anti-cancer effects on HepG2 cell.
The therapeutic effect of Achyranthis Radix on the collagen-induced arthritis in mice
Kim, Chang-Soo ; Park, Yong-Ki ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 25, issue 4, 2010, Pages 129~135
Objectives : The present study was undertaken to determine whether the water extract of Achyranthis Radix, which is the roots of Achyranthes japonica (Achyranthis Radix, AR), is efficacious against collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) in DBA/1J mice. Methods : Mice were immunized with bovine type II collagen and orally treated with AR-W (50 and 100 mg/kg/bw) from days 21 to 42 after immunization. Arthritis was evaluated by arthritic score, histological examination of knee joint and serological markers such as TNF-
and anti-type II collagen (C II)IgG. Results : The results showed that comparing with untreated CIA mice, treated with AR-W significantly suppressed the clinical score and joint tissue pathological damages, reduced the serum levels of TNF-
and anti-C II IgG in CIA-mice. These results suggest that AR-W can effectively alleviate inflammatory response on CIA, and anti-inflammatoy of AR-W can be attributed, at least partially, to the inhibition of inflamamtory mediators,
, in CIA. Conclusions : This study suggests that AR-W has a therapeutic potential in inflammatory joint diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis.
Inhibitory Effect of Cudraniae Tricuspidatae Radix on Collagen-induced Arthritis in Mice
Cho, Young-Du ; Han, Hyo-Sang ; Lee, Young-Jong ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 25, issue 4, 2010, Pages 137~143
Objectives : The present study was conducted to examine the effect of Cudraniae Tricuspidatae Radix(CTR), which is the radix part of Cudrania tricuspidata Bureau, on cytokine secretion from the joint cells and spleen cells of mice with arthritis induced by collagen and verify its efficacy against rheumatoid arthritis. Methods : Three kinds of extract were prepared from CTR through extraction with hot-water and ethanol. The levels of cytokine secreted from the cells were measured, after the mice knee joint cells were cultured with each extract. Results : The three kinds of extracts from CTR decreased the growth rate and levels of inflammatory cytokines such as IL-
, IL-6, and TNF-
from knee joint cells of mice. All of the organic-soluble fraction, such as hexane, ethyl ether, ethyl acetate, butanol, and residual water-soluble fraction decreased the levels of IL-
, IL-6, and IL-10. Conclusion : These results suggest that CTR had some effects on rheumatitis, with fat and water-solubles in organic solvent considered as the effective element.
Study on the Effects of Houttuynia Cordata Extracts on Emulsions
Park, Chan-Ik ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 25, issue 4, 2010, Pages 145~149
Objectives : Since cosmetics have been one of the help of life, unlike medicine, natural products have been used for cosmetics, generally giving the image of safety and relief compared to synthetic products. Among them, Houttuynia cordata has been known as a useful herbal medicine with antibiotic, anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative activities. In this study, we were to use Houttuynia cordata extract on formulation of cosmetic emulsions. Methods : The effects of Houttuynia cordata extract on emulsion stability and viscoelastic properties of emulsion were measured using turbiscan and rheometer. And we assessed the anti-oxidative and antibiotic activities of Houttuynia cordata extract. Results : 1. The results of this investigation for emulsion stability showed that the stability emulsion containing Houttuynia cordata extract was decreased depending on concentration of Houttuynia cordata extract. 2. Super oxide dismutase activity was strongly dependents on concentration of Houttuynia cordata extract. 3. Houttuynia cordata extract showed good anti-microbial activity against Staphylococcus aureus. Conclusions : Houttuynia cordata extract can be effectively used in cosmetic emulsions when the relation between natural product extracts and formulation of cosmetics is elucidated.
A study of dietetic therapy on the edema
Baek, Tae-Hyeun ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 25, issue 4, 2010, Pages 151~160
Objectives : The purpose of this research was to examine dietary therapy on the edema based on the literary findings, for clinical treatment and prevention of the edema. Methods : This Research was examined on histories, compositions, applications, and effects of dietetic treatment about 100 cases of dietary therapy of the edema from Chinese literatures. Results : 1. Various vegetables and animals including herbs, grains, vegetables, fruits, food and drink were used for the dietary therapy. 2. Methods of the preparation for use as therapeutics were decoction, pulvis, gruel, cake, tea, paste, gelatin and etc. 3. Frequently used materials were Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, Cucumis sativus L. Coix lachrymajobi var. mayuen, Zea mays, Maydis Stigma, Citrullus vulgaris, Zingiber officinale, Cinnamomum cassia Blume, Allium scorodorpasum var. viviparum Regel, Camellia sinensis, Armeniacae amarum Semen, Phyllostachys bambusoides, Luffa cylindrica, Dioscorea batatas Decne, Panax ginseng, Brassica oleracea and Raphanus sativus. Conclusion : Though dietary therapy for the edema is not based on clinical or experimental data, but through experience. It is mostly based on Yin-Yang and five elements, visceral manifestation, channels and their collateral channels and Oriental herbal medicine theories. If we use them properly according to oriental medicine method, it will be effective on treating and preventing the edema.
A philological comparative study between the medicinal herbs of Korea Oriental medicine and Ayurvedic medicine(I)
Park, Ji-Ha ; Lee, Bong-Hyo ; Lee, Sang-Nam ; Song, Ick-Soo ; Ahn, Sang-Young ; Han, Chang-Hyun ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 25, issue 4, 2010, Pages 161~169
Objectives & Methods : To compare the medicinal herbs between Ayurvedic medicine and traditional Korean medicine(TKM), we took reference of major publications related to Ayurvedic medicinal herbs such as Indian Herbal Remedies, Prime Ayurvedic Plant Drugs, with those of TKM. We selected most widely used 130 herbal species of Ayurvedic medicine and compared the similarities and differences with TKM. Comparative factors were the origin, habitation, synonyms, usage, medicinal parts, and precautions. Results : 1. The medicinal herbs Resinatum Lignum(沈香), Arecae Pericarpium(大腹皮), Arecae Semen(檳榔), Carthami Flos (紅花), Camphorum(樟腦), Crotonis Semen(巴豆), Curculiginis Rhizoma(仙茅) used in TKM did exactly correlate in their origins with those of Ayurvedic medicine. 2. Varieties of allied species were found in their origins. Benincasae Pericarpium(冬瓜皮), and Benincasae Semen(冬瓜子) derive from the same plant Benincasa hispida Cogn. for both Ayurvedic medicine and TKM. Interestingly, B. cerifera Savi. is also claimed for same uses in Ayurvedic medicine. This broadened use of allied species is found in various Ayurvedic herbal medicine such as Cannabis Semen(火麻仁) using Cannabis indica Lam., and Curcuma Longae Rhizoma(薑黃) using Curcuma domestica Valeton. This suggests the possibility of their usage also in TKM. 3. Myrrha(沒藥), and Curculiginis Rhizoma concorded their usage with TKM. While Arecae Pericarpium(大腹皮), Arecae Semen(檳榔), Aquilariae Resinatum Lignum(沈香), Pericarpium(冬瓜皮), Benincasae Semen(冬瓜子), Cannabis Semen(火麻仁), Carthami Flos(紅花), Camphorum(樟腦), Crotonis Semen(巴豆), Curcumae Radix(鬱金), Curcuma Longae Rhizoma(薑黃) and Zedoariae Rhizoma(莪朮) revealed varied efficacies according to their part used or usage forms. Conclusion : Both Ayurvedic medicine and TKM reflect the traditional medicine of its regions where is founded. Mutual understanding improves the capability of coping of diverse ailments of present days and also replacing some plants in the days of increasing threat to our environment. Abundant external applications of various plants found in Ayurvedic medicine were particularly useful for TKM to complement its strength in herbal intake.
A Clinical Study on Liver Disease Sequelae in Soyangin Treated by Sasang Constitutional Treatment
Goo, Deok-Mo ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 25, issue 4, 2010, Pages 171~177
Objectives : The purpose of this case study is to report the improvement after Sasang Constitutional treatment to patient who has liver disease sequelae. Methods : This patient was treated by Soyangin's Constitutional Medications according to the result of Sasang Constitutional diagnosis. We checked visual analog scale(VAS) to evaluate the symptoms of liver disease sequelae. Results : The general condition of the patient improved by the end of hospitalization. The visual analog scale(VAS) of general weakness dropped from 10 to 3. Other symptoms also showed improvement. Conclusions : This case study shows Sasang Constitutional treatment has effectiveness on liver disease sequelae.