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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korea Journal of Herbology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Association of Herbology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 6 - Nov 2013
Volume 28, Issue 5 - Sep 2013
Volume 28, Issue 4 - Jul 2013
Volume 28, Issue 3 - May 2013
Volume 28, Issue 2 - Mar 2013
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Jan 2013
Selecting the target year
Effects of Polygonati Rhizoma Extracts on the Collagenase Activity and Procollagen Synthesis in Hs68 Human Fibroblasts and Tyrosinase Activity
Park, Dong-Su ; Shin, Seon-Mi ; Leem, Kang-Hyun ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 28, issue 3, 2013, Pages 1~5
DOI : 10.6116/kjh.2013.28.3.1
Objectives : This study was designed to investigate the collagen metabolism and tyrosinase activity of Polygonati Rhizoma extracts (PR). It's effects are to tonify spleen qi and augment the spleen yin. It enrichs the yin and moisten the lung. Methods : The effect of PR on type I procollagen production and collagenase (matrix metalloproteinase-1, henceforth referred as MMP-1) activity in human normal fibroblasts Hs68 after ultraviolet B (UVB, 312 nm) irradiation was measured by ELISA method. The tyrosinase activity after treatment of PR was measured. Results : There were no cytotoxicity at concentrations of 10, 30,
. The reduced type I procollagen production was recovered by PR in UVB damaged Hs68 cells at a concentration of
ng/ml) from control group (
ng/ml). However there was no statistical significance. PR reduced The increased MMP-1 activity after UVB damage at concentrations of
in a dose dependent manner (
treatment showed the statistical significace (p < 0.05). PR significantly reduced the tyrosinase activity at a concentration of 10 mg/ml (
, p < 0.05). However, the L-DOPA oxidation was not changed. Conclusion : PR showed the anti-wrinkle effects and whitening effects in vitro. Although more researches are needed to validate the efficacy, these results suggest that PR may have potential as an anti-aging ingredient in cosmetic herb markets.
Hot Water Extract of Triticum aestivum L. (Common Wheat) Ameliorates Renal Injury by Inhibiting Apoptosis in a Rat Model of Ischemia/Reperfusion
Baek, Hae Sook ; Lim, Sun Ha ; Ahn, Ki Sung ; Lee, Jong Won ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 28, issue 3, 2013, Pages 7~15
DOI : 10.6116/kjh.2013.28.3.7
Objectives : Interruption and subsequent restoration of blood flow into the kidney result in renal injury. As an approach to preventing the renal injury, we determined the optimal conditions and the underlying mechanisms by which supernatant of hot water extract of ground Triticum aestivum L. (extract) attenuated ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Methods : One hour after administration of the extract (400 mg/kg) by intraperitoneal injection, renal I/R injury was generated by clamping the left renal artery in rats after surgical removal of the right kidney, followed by reperfusion. The maximal difference between the vehicle-treated and the extract-treated group under ketamine/xylazine or enflurane anesthetization was assessed at varying periods of ischemia (30-45 min) and reperfusion (3-48 hr), based on the renal function assessed with serum creatinine levels, tissue injury with hematoxylin/eosin staining, and apoptosis with terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling staining. Results : Enflurane anesthetization with 40 min of ischemia and 24 hr of reperfusion was identified to be the optimal condition, under which condition serum creatinine levels and tubular damage in the extract-treated group were significantly reduced compared with those in the vehicle-treated group (
mg/dL, P < 0.01, and average score
, P < 0.01, respectively). These beneficial effects were mediated by inhibition of apoptotic cascades through attenuation of renal tissue malondialdehyde levels, Bax/Bcl-2 ratio and caspase-3 levels. Conclusions : The extract conferred renal protection against ischemia/reperfusion injury in rats by scavenging reactive oxygen species and consequently blocking apoptotic cascades, plausibly augmented by enflurane protection.
Single Oral Dose Toxicity Test of Persicae Semen Aqueous Extracts in Mice
Cho, Hun-Bum ; Park, Ji-Ha ; Seo, Bu-Il ; Cho, Su-Yeon ; Park, Kyu-Ryul ; Choi, Seung-Hoon ; Han, Chang-Kyun ; Song, Chang-Hyun ; Park, Soo-Jin ; Ku, Sae-Kwang ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 28, issue 3, 2013, Pages 17~24
DOI : 10.6116/kjh.2013.28.3.17
Objectives : This study was to evaluate the single dose toxicity of Persicae Semen (PS) in ICR mice. Methods : Aqueous extracts of PS (Yield = 18.60%) were administered as an oral dose of 2,000, 1,000 and 500 mg/kg (body weight) according to the recommendation of Korea Food and Drug Administration (KFDA) guidelines (2009-116, 2009). Animals were monitored for the mortality and changes in body weight, clinical signs and gross observation during 14 days after dosing, upon necropsy; organ weight and histopathology of 12 principle organs were examined. Results : Amygdalin contents in PS aqueous extracts were detected as
. We could not find any PS extracts treatment related mortalities, clinical signs, changes on the body and organ weights, gross and histopathological observations up to 2,000 mg/kg in both female and male mice, except for transient and slight loss of locomotion detected in female and male mice treated with 2,000 mg/kg. In addition, pharmacological immunomodulatory effects related findings were also demonstrated in 2,000mg/kg treated female and male mice as hypertrophy and hyperplasia of lymphoid cells in the submandibular lymph nodes. Conclusions : Based on the results of this experiment, the approximate lethal dose (ALD) of PS extracts after single oral treatment in female and male mice were considered above 2,000 mg/kg, respectively. It should be carefully used in clinics because the possibilities of respiratory or neurological disorders were observed when administered over 2,000 mg/kg of PS extract related to amygdalin.
Antioxidant and Antihemolytic Activities of Ethanol Extracts of Carpesii Fructus and Farfarae Flos
Kang, Hyun Ju ; Kim, Hong-Jun ; Jeong, Seung-Il ; Kim, Hyeon Soo ; Jeon, In Hwa ; Mok, Ji Ye ; Shim, Jae-Suk ; Jang, Seon Il ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 28, issue 3, 2013, Pages 25~31
DOI : 10.6116/kjh.2013.28.3.25
Objectives : To develop a natural antioxidant and anti-hemolytic agents, we investigated the effects of ethanol extracts of Carpesii Fructus and Farfarae Flos. Methods : Aerial parts of Carpesii Fructus and Farfarae Flos were extracted with 80% ethanol. Antioxidant activity of Carpesii Fructus or Farfarae Flos extract was evaluated by employing three different assays, i.e., 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl (DPPH), 2,2'-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-suphonic acid) diammonium (ABTS) scavenging and reducing power activities. Also, anti-hemolytic activity of Carpesii Fructus or Farfarae Flos extract was determined using [2,2'-azobis (2-methylpropionamidine) dihydrochloride (AAPH)]-induced hemolysis, glutathione (GSH) depletion and malondialdehyde (MDA) formation in normal rat red blood cells (RBC) or plasma. Results : The extracts obtained from Carpesii Fructus and Farfarae Flos dose-dependently increased the scavenging activity on DPPH- or ABTS-induced radicals and the reducing power activities. Carpesii Fructus and Farfarae Flos were similar to the scavenging activity and the reducing power of butylated hydroxy anisole effect at high concentration (
). RBC oxidative hemolysis and plasma MDA formation induced by AAPH were significantly suppressed by the extracts of Carpesii Fructus and Farfarae Flos in a dose-dependent manner. Also, Carpesii Fructus and Farfarae Flos extracts prevented the depletion of cystosolic antioxidant GSH in RBCs. Carpesii Fructus generally had better than the free radical scavenging activity, the reducing power and anti-hemolytic effects of Farfarae Flos. Conclusions : These results suggest that Carpesii Fructus and Farfarae Flos may have value as the potential antioxidant and anti-hemolytic medicinal plant.
Effect of Carthami Semen and Jogyeongjongok-Tang On Pregnant Rats
Kim, Daejun ; Seo, Buil ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 28, issue 3, 2013, Pages 33~38
DOI : 10.6116/kjh.2013.28.3.33
Objectives : The present study has been undertaken to investigate the effects of Carthami Semen and Jogyeongjongok-Tang on pregnant rats. Method : In this experiment, the pregnant rats were administered by water extracts of Carthami Semen and Jogyeongjongok-Tang. The levels of weights, ALT, AST, ALP, BUN, creatinine, progesterone, Na and K in serum and reproductive indices of the rats were measured after treatment. Results : The levels of body weight gains were not significantly changed in comparison with Control group in Carthami Semen group and Jogyeongjongok-Tang group. In the levels of reproductive indices of the rats, the number of corpora lutea, implantation and viable fetuses, post-implantation loss, fetal weight and placental wight were not significantly changed in comparison with Control group in Carthami Semen group and Jogyeongjongok-Tang group. But pre-implantation loss was significantly increased in comparison with Control group in Carthami Semen group. The levels of BUN, creatine, ALT, AST and ALP were not significantly changed in comparison with Control group in Carthami Semen group and Jogyeongjongok-Tang group. The level of progesterone was not significantly changed in comparison with Control group in Carthami Semen group and Jogyeongjongok-Tang group. The levels of Na and K were not significantly changed in comparison with Control group in Carthami Semen group and Jogyeongjongok-Tang group. Conclusion : Reviewing these experimetal results, it appeared that Carthami Semen and Jogyeongjongok-Tang had not toxicity on pregnant rats.
Antiplatelet fraction from Ulmi cortex and its active components
Kim, Dong-Seon ; Yang, Won-Kyung ; Sung, Yoon-Young ; Lim, Sun Mi ; Kim, Ho Kyoung ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 28, issue 3, 2013, Pages 39~44
DOI : 10.6116/kjh.2013.28.3.39
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to identify active fraction and components from antiplatelet Ulmi cortex extract. Methods : The 70% ethanol extract of Ulmi cortex was subjected to column chromatography over D101 resin and eluted with an 20% (W1), 30% (W2), 40% (W3), 50%(W4), 70% (W5), and 100% ethanol (W6) to yield 6 fractions. W6 was further fractioned and its active components were purified using semi-preparative HPLC. The isolated compounds were identified by MS and NMR, and their contents were simultaneously analyzed using HPLC/UV. Antiplatelet aggregation activities of the fractions and the compounds were evaluated using rat platelet-rich plasma in presence of collagen (
), arachidonic acid (0.05 U/ml), or thrombin (
). Results : Among six fractions, W3 prominently inhibited platelet aggregation. At the concentration of
, W3 strongly inhibited arachidonic acid- and collagen-induced platelet aggregations by 78.2% and 65.9%, respectivley, and weakly inhibited thrombin-inducded platelet aggregation by 32.6%. Catechin, epicatehin, and catechin-7-O-
-D-glucopyranoside were isolated from W3 and their contents were revealed to be 15.1%, 0.87%, and 0.32%. Catechin and epicatechin at the concentrations of
strongly inhibited collagen-induced platelet aggregation by 79.9% and 86.6%, respectively, but weakly inhibited arachidonic acid- and thrombin-induced platelet aggregations. Conclusions : A main active principle of anitplatelet Ulmi Cortex extract is W3 fraction, of which main active component is catechin considering its antiplatelet activity and content.
Antioxidative and Antimicrobial Activities of Water- and Ethanol-Extracts from Betula platyphylla var. japonica, Punica granatum and Rhus javanica
Kim, Wangin ; Kim, Jieun ; Lee, Seonhee ; Moon, Yangsun ; Lee, Sukhee ; Park, Sooyun ; Na, Changsu ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 28, issue 3, 2013, Pages 45~51
DOI : 10.6116/kjh.2013.28.3.45
Objectives : This study was conducted to measure the antioxidative and antimicrobial activities of water- and ethanol-extracts from Betula platyphylla var. japonica, Punica granatum and Rhus javanica against various species of anaerobic bacteria. Methods : In order to evaluate the antioxidative and antimicrobial activities of water- and ethanol-extracts, DPPH radical scavenging and superoxide dismutase (SOD)-like activities were measured in various species such as Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Candida albicans and Propionibacterium acnes that induce skin inflammation. Also the total amount of phenol in each water- and ethanol-extract was measured to identify its role in the antioxidative and antimicrobial activities of water- and ethanol-extracts from Betula platyphylla var. japonica, Punica granatum and Rhus javanica. The antibacterial activity of the extracts was measured by confirming the lowest concentrations in disk diffusion and minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) tests. Results : It was observed that RJE (Rhus javanica-EtOH extracts) show the highest content of total phenol. In addition, for RJE the total phenol content was higher from samples taken from domestic sources than from samples taken from foreign sources. DPPH radical scavenging activity was increased by treatment with PGE (Punica granatum-EtOH extracts), RJE and RJW (Rhus javanica-water extracts). It was observed that SOD-like activity was highest in the treatment with PGE. All of the extracts showed antimicrobial activity on S. epidermidis, S. aureus, P. acnes and E. coli, including those from Punica granatum, and it was noted that the activity was higher with RJE than with RJW. Conclusions : These results provide evidence that ethanol extracts of Punica granatum and Rhus javanica may have a beneficial role as antioxidants and antibiotics. Extracts from domestic samples of Betula platyphylla var japonica appeared to have a greater efficacy than extracts from foreign samples.
Inhibitory Effect of Water Extract from Dojuksan on LPS-induced Proinflammatory Cytokines Production in RAW 264.7 Cells
Kim, Ji-Eun ; Kim, Sung-Bae ; Kang, Ok-Hwa ; Shin, In-Sik ; Kang, Suk-Hoon ; Lee, Seung-Ho ; Kwon, Dong-Yeul ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 28, issue 3, 2013, Pages 53~60
DOI : 10.6116/kjh.2013.28.3.53
Objectives : DojukSan is known to be effective for treating a urinary diseases and stomatitis. However, there has been a lack of studies regarding the effects of Dojuksan on the inflammatory activities and effector inflammatory disease mechanism about macrophage before is not known. To elucidate the molecular mechanisms of Dojuksan water extract (DJS) on pharmacological and biochemical actions in inflammation, we examined the effect of DJS on pro-inflammatory mediators in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated macrophages. Methods : In the present study, pro-inflammatory cytokine production was determined by performing enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, and western blot analysis to measure the activation of MAPKs. Cells were treated with 200 ng/mL of LPS 1 h prior to the addition of DJS. Cell viability was measured by MTS assay. The investigation focused on whether DJS inhibited nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin E2 (
) productions, as well as the expressions of inducible NO synthase (iNOS), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. Results : We found that DJS inhibited LPS-induced NO,
and IL-6 productions as well as the expressions of iNOS and COX-2. Furthermore, DJS suppressed the LPS-induced phosphorylation of p38 MAPK and c-Jun NH2-protein kinase (JNK). Conclusions : These results suggest that DJS has inhibitory effects on LPS-induced
, NO, and IL-6 production, as well as the expressions of iNOS and COX-2 in the murine macrophage. These inhibitory effects occur through blockades on the MAPKs phosphorylation.
Reconsideration about Nomenclature of Herbs Listed in the Korean Pharmacopoeia
Doh, Eui-Jeong ; Lee, Guem-San ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 28, issue 3, 2013, Pages 61~68
DOI : 10.6116/kjh.2013.28.3.61
Objectives : A precise and simple system of nomenclature was required to avoid error, ambiguity or confusion. Although medicinal plants must be produced or distributed based on a pharmacopoeia described origin including scientific name, the Korean Pharmacopoeia tenth edition (KP 10) had many names against the nomenclature. Therefore, this study aimed at searching correct scientific names for 241 plants in KP 10. Methods : Authoritative databases - The Plant List, International Plant Name Index, YList, Tropicos, eFloras, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, The Global Compositae Checklist, The International Legume Database and Information Service, et al. - and previously performed researches, floras were cross-checked. Results : The arrangement of this list was designed for four cases, errors including illegitimate, nomenclatural synonyms, recommended names and decision reserved names. Consideration about the scientific names produced nine correct names for ten misspellings and illegitimate, and thirty-six correct names for forty-one nomenclatural synonyms. These results should be reflected in the next of KP 10. Separately, ten recommended names were also suggested for taxonomic synonyms which had been used indiscriminately due to diverse taxonomic opinions. In addition to those, decision reserved names were suggested for thirteen species which had been corridor of uncertainty. Then again, there was need to study about authorship, because KP 10 did not keep recommendations for author citations. Conclusions : Correction of scientific names for some medicinal plants which violated the International Code of Nomenclature would be useful to improve the accuracy of a Pharmacopoeia as the criterional materials.
Stimulating effect of modified Goa-Gi-Um herbal remedy on melanogenesis in B16F10 melanoma cells
Moon, Na-Rang ; Kim, Se Yoon ; Lee, Jin Hyuk ; Lee, Jung Bok ; Park, Sunmin ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 28, issue 3, 2013, Pages 69~74
DOI : 10.6116/kjh.2013.28.3.69
Objectives : Since hypopigmentation is known to increase the risk of skin cancer, melanogenesis in the skin needs to be regulated. Here, we evaluated the melanogenesis stimulatory effects of a modified Goagium herbal remedy (HR) and HR+ox bile (Bos taurus domesticus) extract (OBE) to address hypopigmentation disorders. Methods : B16F10 melanoma cells were treated with different dosages of HR and HR+OBE for 24 to 48 h after 1 h of 10 nM
-melanocyte stimulating hormone (
-MSH). After the treatment, cell viability, tyrosinase activity, melanin synthesis and the expression of genes related to melanin synthesis were measured and the regulation of the
-MSH signalling through cAMP responding element binding protein (CREB) was determined. Results : HR and HR+OBE with the ranges of
did not affect cell viability in melanoma cells. The 1 h treatment of HR+OBE (50 and
) potentiated the phosphorylation of CREB by enhancing
-MSH signaling and its 24 h treatment increased CREB expression. Consistent with CREB potentiation, their treatment for 24 h, the expression of microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MIFT), tyrosinase, tyrosinase related protein (TRP)-1 and TRP-2 were increased in realtime PCR. Ultimately, the 48 h treatment of HR+OBE (50 and
) increased tyrosniase activity and melanin contents in the melanoma cells in comparison to the control. Conclusions : HR+OBE (50 and
) increases melanin synthesis in B16F10 melanoma cells via the stimulation of tyrosinase activity and expression of MIFT, tyrosinase, TRP-1 and TRP-2. HR+OBE can be used as the a possible treatment for hypopigmentation of the skin.
Molecular Authentication and Phylogenetic Analysis of Plant Species for Breeae and Cirsii Herba based on DNA barcodes
Moon, Byeong Cheol ; Lee, Young Mi ; Ji, Yunui ; Choi, Goya ; Chun, Jin Mi ; Kim, Ho Kyoung ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 28, issue 3, 2013, Pages 75~84
DOI : 10.6116/kjh.2013.28.3.75
Objectives : The origin of Breeae Herba (So-gye) and Cirsii Herba (Dae-gye) is differently prescribed in Korean and Chinese modern pharmacopoeia. Since the similar morphological characteristics and chaotic plant names, moreover, the aerial part of Carduus crispus have been used as the Cirsii Herba. To develop a reliable method for correct identification of these herbal medicines and to evaluate the genetic relationship of these closely related plant species, we analyzed sequences of DNA barcode regions. Methods : Thirty-one samples of 6 medicinal plants (B. segeta, B. setosa, C. japonicum var. maackii, C. setidens, C. chanroenicum, and C. crispus) were collected from different habitate and nucleotide sequences of DNA barcode regions (rDNA-ITS, matK, and rbcL) were analyzed after amplification using appropriate primers reported in previous studies. The nucleotides of species-specific authentic marker and phylogenetic relations were estimated based on the entire sequences of DNA barcodes by the analysis of ClastalW and UPGMA, respectively. Results : In comparative analysis of DNA barcode sequences, we obtained specific nucleotides to discriminate the medicinal plant of Breeae/Cirsii Herba in species level and evaluated the phylogenetic relationship of these species. Futhermore, we identified distinct marker nucleotides enough to authenticate respective species. These sequence differences at corresponding positions were avaliable genetic markers to determine the botanical origins of Breeae Herbal as well as Cirsii Herba. Conclusions : These marker nucleotides would be useful to identify the official herbal medicines by providing of definitive information that can identify each plant species and distinguish from unauthentic adulterants and substitutes.
A herbalogical study on the plants of Iridaceae in Korea
Eom, Tae-Hwan ; Kim, Jin-Ho ; Lee, Soong-In ; Jeong, Jong-Gil ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 28, issue 3, 2013, Pages 85~93
DOI : 10.6116/kjh.2013.28.3.85
Objective : For the purpose of developing Korean herbalogy of the plants to Iridaceae in Korea, the literatures of the successive generations have been thoroughly investigated to prepare this article. Methods : The examined herbalogical books and research paper which published at home and abroad. Results : A list was made about Iridacease plant which are cultivated or grew naturally in Korea, after investigate the data on domestic and foreign Iridaceae plants. Out of those lists, serviceable plants were selected and with those available plants, their distributions were analysed and parts which can be used as medicines were divided into 3 categories such as oriental medicine name, scientific name and non-official name. Iridacease's properties flavor, channels they use and effects were also noted, not to mention their toxicity. Iridacease (grew in Korea) was divided into 6 classes with 32 species. Out of those, 5 classes with 11 species were found serviceable which indicates 34% of all. Out of all 32 specified Iridacease plants, Iris plants were found 27 species, which were shown the most. And 7 classes of Iris plants were also selected the most in serviceable Iridacease. Out of all serviceable parts in Iridaceae, root parts took first place as 6 species. Conclusion ; There were totaled to 6 genera and 32 species in Iridaceae in Korea and among them medicinal plants are 5 genera, 11 species, some 34% in total.
Efficacy of Alismatis Orientale Rhizoma on Obesity induced by High Fat Diet
Jeong, Hyang Sook ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 28, issue 3, 2013, Pages 95~106
DOI : 10.6116/kjh.2013.28.3.95
Objectives : The researcher investigated the anti-obesity effect of Alismatis Orientale Rhizoma(AP) water extract in mice fed a high fat diet and focused on the analysis of local area adipose tissue. Methods : Male ICR mice were divided into three groups, which were fed either a normal AIN diet, a 45% high fat diet (CT group), or a high fat diet and orally administration with a concentrations of 100 mg/kg (AP100 group) and 300 mg/kg body weight (AP300 group) for eight weeks. Results : As compared with CT group, AP100 group showed significant reductions in absolute weight of liver. As compared with CT group, AP100 group and AP300 group showed significant reductions in weight gain and relative weight of total fat. AST, triglyceride, total-cholesterol levels from the AP 100 group and 300 group were significantly lower than those of the CT, and ALT, LDL-cholesterol levels from the AP 100 group was significantly lower than those of the CT. But serum HDL-cholesterol levels from the AP 100 group and 300 group were significantly higher than those of the CT. And serum adiponectin levels from the AP 100 group was significantly higher than those of the CT. In result of real time PCR, all mRNA expression(PEPCK, G6Pase, PGC-
) of two experimental groups were significantly decreased compared to those of CT group. The treatment with AP on local abdominal area made a fat cell size lessen on the fat tissue in the abdominal cavity and subcutaneous area. Conclusions : These results suggest that AP has an anti-obesity effect and the effect is mediated by inhibition of fat gain.
Effect of Fermented Artemisiae Argyi Folium on Human Hepatoma Cell Line HepG2 Activity
Han, Hyo-Sang ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 28, issue 3, 2013, Pages 107~113
DOI : 10.6116/kjh.2013.28.3.107
Objective : The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of fermented Artemisiae Argyi Folium(AAF) on some activities of human hepatoma cell, HepG2. Method : To investigate the effect of fermented Artemisiae Argyi Folium(AAF) activity on the human hepatoma cells, AAF extracts was fermented by Lactobacillus pentosus K34(AFL) and Sacchromyces cerevisiae STV89(AFS). And the effects of AFL or AFS on the activities of HepG2 cell, such as cell viability, nitric oxide(NO) production and reactive oxygen species(ROS) production, were tested. Result : Human Hepatoma Cells were incubated each for 3 hours and 24 hours. Human Hepatoma Cells treated with the extract was measured with MTT assay. Then AFL was found to be non-toxic at concentrations of 10 ug/mL(3h), 100 ug/mL(24h) or more. AFS was the same result at concentrations of more than 10 ug/mL. The extract increased ROS generation in Human Hepatoma Cells. AFL increased at concentrations of 100 ug/mL more (3h, also 10 ug/mL more) and 50 ug/mL(24h) and AFS increased both 50 ug/mL. In point of NO generation, AFL inhibited at concentrations of 10 ug/mL(3h) and 100 ug/mL(24h) more (3h, also 10 ug/mL more) and AFS also inhibited 50 ug/mL or more. Conclusion : AFL and AFS, obtained from Artemisiae Argyi Folium extracts by fermentation, reduced the NO production and increased ROS production in HepG2 cell, without cytotoxicity on HepG2 cell. The results suggested that AFL and AFS increased the immunological effects of Artemisiae Argyi Folium extracts.