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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korea Journal of Herbology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Association of Herbology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 6 - Nov 2014
Volume 29, Issue 5 - Sep 2014
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Jul 2014
Volume 29, Issue 3 - May 2014
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Mar 2014
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Jan 2014
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The study on utilization of Hyangyak in 「Single-medicine prescription treatment of domestic herbs」 of 『Kwangjebikeup』 : Focusing on Ginseng
Kang, Yun Mi ; Kim, Yun Kyung ; Ahn, Sang Woo ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 29, issue 3, 2014, Pages 1~10
DOI : 10.6116/kjh.2014.29.3.1
Objectives : In this study, we investigated Hyangyak in "Single-medicine prescription treatment of domestic herbs" of "Kwangjebikeup" and then conducted further studies focusing on ginseng as it is written in "Single-medicine prescription treatment of domestic herbs". Methods : Through a study of classical literature on Hyangyak and ginseng, information regarding the two was gathered and analyzed, with respect to both time and region. Results : All of the herbs in "Single-medicine prescription treatment of domestic herbs", the 4th volume of "Kwangjebikeup", are domestic herbs. Ginseng was a part of the flora of the Korean Peninsula from long ago and ginseng was cultivated from most of the peninsula. We confirmed cultivation of ginseng in Sungcheon, Pyungan-do and most areas of Hamgyeong-do through geography books such as "Geography Monograph of King Sejong". Because the natural environmental condition of the Korean Peninsula was conducive to growing wild ginseng, it was possible to cultivate ginseng. In the late Chosun period, cultivated ginseng was so prevalent that people would have been able to collect and use ginseng without great difficulty. In "Kwangjebikeup", ginseng shows superior efficacy in terms of first-aid. "Kwangjebikeup" contains practical herbal medicines that were based on obtainable ingredients. Conclusions : The purpose of publication of this book was to make medical knowledge available to general public in an easy-to-understand form. And through added clinical experiences of the author, we know that "Kwangjebikeup" played a role in settlement and spreading of foreign knowledge to civilians.
Protective effects of Portulaca oleracea against cerulein-induced acute pancreatitis
Gwak, Tae-Sin ; Kim, Dong-Goo ; Kim, Ju-Young ; Bae, Gi-Sang ; Choi, Sun-Bok ; Jo, Il-Joo ; Shin, Joon-Yeon ; Lee, Sung-Kon ; Kim, Myoung-Jin ; Kim, Min-Jun ; Song, Ho-Joon ; Park, Sung-Joo ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 29, issue 3, 2014, Pages 11~17
DOI : 10.6116/kjh.2014.29.3.11
Objective : Portulaca oleracea (PO) has been used as an important traditional medicine for inflammatory and bacterial diseases in East Asia. However, the protective effects of PO on acute pancreatitis (AP) is not well-known. Therefore, this study was performed to identify the anti-inflammatory and prophylactic effects of PO on cerulein-induced AP. Methods : AP was induced in mice via intraperitoneal injection of supramaximal concentrations of the stable cholecystokinin analogue cerulein (
) given every hour for 6 times. Water extracts of PO (100, 300, or 500 mg/kg) was administrated intra-peritoneally 1 h prior to the first injection of cerulein. The mice were killed at 6 h after the final cerulein injection. Pancreas and lung were rapidly removed for morphologic and histochemical examination, myeloperoxidase (MPO) assay. Blood samples were taken to determine serum amylase and lipase activities. Results : Administration of PO significantly inhibited pancreatic weight/body weight ratio, pancreas and lung histological injury. And MPO activity which indicates neutrophil infiltration was inhibited by PO extracts on cerulein-induced pancreatitis. In addition, PO administration inhibited digestive enzymes such as serum amylase and lipase activity on cerulein-induced pancreatitis. Conclusion : Our results could suggest that pre-treatment of PO reduces the severity of cerulein-induced AP, thereby, PO could be used as a protective agent against AP. Also, this study could give a clinical basis that PO could be a drug or agent to prevent AP.
Identification 4 kinds of Muxiang using Multiplex PCR
Doh, Eui Jeong ; Lee, Guemsan ; Ju, Young-Sung ; Oh, Seung Eun ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 29, issue 3, 2014, Pages 19~26
DOI : 10.6116/kjh.2014.29.3.19
Objectives : Aucklandiae Radix (Muxiang) one of important herbal medicines in oriental medicine, is defined as the dried root of Aucklandia lappa (Asteraceae). Owing to the similarities in the morphology and name, Inulae Radix (Tu-Muxiang) and Vladimiriae Radix (Chuan-Muxiang) as well as Aristolochiae Radix (Qing-Muxiang) originated from other medicinal plants are often used as substitutes and/or adulterants of Aucklandiae Radix. Therefore, a reliable authentication of these herbal medicines is necessarily for the public health and prevention of misuse. Methods : 32 samples of medicinal plants supplying Aucklandiae Radix, Inulae Radix, Vladimiriae Radix, and Aristolochiae Radix were collected in Korea and China. The ITS (Internal transcribed spacer) nucleotide sequences of samples were determined. The PCR primers to amply DNA marker of each herbal medicine were designed basing on the specific ITS regions showing differences in the sequences among medicinal plants. Results : Primer set Al R/IS F designed in this work amplified 220 bp PCR product only in samples of Aucklandiae Radix. In contrast, primer set Ih F/IS R, Vs R/IS F, and AcR F1/Ac R amplified 250 bp product, 356 bp prouct, and 516 bp product respectively to identify Inulae Radix, Vladimiriae Radix, and Aristolochiae Radix. Conclusions : The primers designed basing on the nucleotide sequences of ITS regions appearing differenced in the sequences among medicinal plants amplified the DNA markers for the identification of Aucklandiae Radix, Inulae Radix, Vladimiriae Radix, and Aristolochiae Radix. These herbal medicines were more efficiently identified by multiplex PCR method using all primers in a single PCR process.
Thuja orientalis leaves extract protects dopaminergic neurons against MPTP-induced neurotoxicity via inhibiting inflammatory action
Park, Gunhyuk ; Kim, Hyo Geun ; Ju, Mi Sun ; Kim, Ae-Jung ; Oh, Myung Sook ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 29, issue 3, 2014, Pages 27~33
DOI : 10.6116/kjh.2014.29.3.27
Objectives : The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effect of extract of Thuja orientalis leaves (TOFE) against 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-induced neurotoxicity by inhibition of inflammation in in vitro and in vivo models of Parkinson's disease (PD). Methods : We evaluated the effect of TOFE against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)/1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (
) toxicity using nitric oxide (NO) assay, inducible NO synthase and cyclooxygenase 2 western blot, tyrosine hydroxylase and microglia activation immunohistochemistry (IHC) in BV2 cell, primary rat mesencephalic neurons, or C57BL/6 mice. We also evaluated the effect of TOFE in mice PD model induced by MPTP. C57BL/6 mice were treated with TOFE 50 mg/kg for 5 days and were injected intraperitoneally with four administrations of MPTP on the last day. We conducted behavioral tests and IHC analysis to see how TOFE affect MPTP-induced neuronal loss of dopaminergic neurons in substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc) and striatum (ST) of mice. To assess the anti-inflammation effects, we carried out glial fibrillary acidic protein and macrophage-1 antigen integrin alpha M in IHC in SNpc and ST of mice. Results : In an in vitro system, TOFE decreasesd NO generations in BV2 cells. TOFE protected dopaminergic cells against LPS or
-induced toxicity in primary mesencephalic dopaminergic neurons. In vivo system, TOFE at 50 mg/kg treated group showed improved motor deteriorations than the MPTP only treated group and TOFE significantly protected striatal dopaminergic damage from MPTP-induced neurotoxicity in mice. Moreover, TOFE inhibited activation of astrocyte and microglia in SNpc and ST of the mice. Conclusions : We concluded that TOFE showed anti-parkinsonian effect by protection of dopaminergic neurons against MPTP toxicity through anti-inflammatory actions.
A quantitative analysis of marker compounds in single herb extracts by the standard of KHP
Park, Sang Jun ; Kim, So Hyung ; Kim, Kyeong Seok ; Kim, Hyo Seon ; Lee, A Yeong ; Kim, Ho Kyoung ; Kim, Yun-Kyung ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 29, issue 3, 2014, Pages 35~42
DOI : 10.6116/kjh.2014.29.3.35
Objectives : Since single extract powders was released at 1987, the insurance fee has not been changed, but the price of raw material has been increasing. According to this, Pharmaceutical company couldn't invest on quality of the product, so, the quality of single extracts went down and lost the consumer's trust. We checked the contents of marker ingredients in single extract thereby to recover the reliability of insurance-covered herbal preparations. Methods : we bought total twelve products of eight different single extracts of two main pharmaceutical companies among total 65 kinds of single extract powder stipulated in KHP (The Korean Herbal Pharmacopoeia) monograph III at Jan. 2013. Assays of selected single extract powders are performed by KHP regulation. And we surveyed price fluctuation of relevant herb raw materials from 2005 to 2012. Results : Among twelve products, eight single extract powders were suitable by the KHP regulation. But four products didn't reach the content amount of KHP. Marker contents in the single extracts product of Pueraria Root, Licorice, Peony root and Scutellaria Root of A company were 70%, 1%, 23.7% and 75.1%, respectively. Conclusions : We can acertain whether there's a quality problem in the insurance-covered single extract powders. But, A company is no longer producing these improper single extract powders. As a medicine, single extract powders needs to be strictly quality controlled by the company, and regularly monitored by the KFDA.
Comparative Study of Terminology for Identification of the Chinese Herbal Materia Medica
Shin, Yong-Wook ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 29, issue 3, 2014, Pages 43~50
DOI : 10.6116/kjh.2014.29.3.43
Objectives : To investigate terminology of Herbal drug discrimination commonly used in China, and it was translated into Korean. It also has been modified to fit the circumstances of the Korean for easier understand for Korean student. Methods : First,Terminology for Identification of the Chinese Herbal Materia Medica (TICHMM) was classified by the appearance, cut surface, material, processing and storage of Herb. Chinese commentary of TICHMM was translated into Korean. Comparative Study was performed based on the Pharmacopoeia of Korea and China. Depending on the meaning of the word, TICHMM was modified to revised Korean expression or remain chinese expression or suggest new Korean expression Result : In the 28 TICHMM terms that describes the shape properties of herbal medicine, 5 was remained in Chinese expression, 22 was modified to revised Korean expression and 1 was suggested in new Korean expression. 8 terms that describes the Section properties of herbal medicine, 6 was modified to revised Korean expression and 2 was suggested in new Korean expression. 3 terms that describes the Material properties of herbal medicine, 1 was remained in Chinese expression, 2 was modified to revised Korean expression. 3 terms that describes the processing and storage properties of herbal medicine, 2 was modified to revised Korean expression and 1 was suggested in new Korean expression. Conclusion : By comparative Study of TICHMM, commonly used in China, it will contribute new guideline on the Visual Examination of Herbal Medicine for Korean student.
Anti-inflammatory effect of Baecksunpijibujabokhap-bang in Atopic dermatitis model mice
Sim, Boo-Yong ; Kim, Sung-Hwan ; Kim, Dong-Hee ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 29, issue 3, 2014, Pages 51~58
DOI : 10.6116/kjh.2014.29.3.51
Objectives : In order to investigate the efficacy of BJBB on atopic dermatitis, various anti-inflammatory factors were studied. Methods : In-vitro, inflammatory mediators, such as MTT and nitric oxide were detected after the addition of LPS with or without BJBB in Raw 264.7 cells. In-vivo, in order to verify the effectiveness of BJBB in atopic dermatitis animal model, its role in inflammation factors and histological changes were observed in NC/Nga mice. Results : BJBB showed cell viability of 100% or higher in all concentration in Raw 264.7 cells. BJBB inhibited LPS-induced productions of inflammatory mediators nitric oxide in RAW 264.7cells. BJBB treated group showed significant decrease in the expression of IL-1b, IL-6 and TNF-a by 40%, 80% and 44% respectively. Also the group showed decrease in the transcription of IL-1b, IL-6 and TNF-a mRNA in spleen by 41%, 93% and 39% respectively. BJBB treated group showed significant decrease in WBC, neutrophil, lympocyte and monocytes immune cell ratio in blood by 54%, 63%, 57% and 86% respectively. BJBB treated group showed decrease in the expression of IgG by 39% respectively. Also, infiltration of adipocytes into skin was suppressed and the thickness of epidermis and dermis were relatively decreased in the BJBB treated group. Conclusion : BJBB has an anti-inflammatory effects in NC/Nga mouse. Thus, these results suggested a beneficial effect of BJBB in treatment with Atopic dermatitis and inflammatory.
Hypoglycemic Effects of Boiled rice made from Unpolished rice, Job' tear, and Extract From Medicinal Herbs Mixture on Diabetic Rat
Lee, Hyeon-Sun ; Kong, Hyun-Joo ; Lee, Eon-Hee ; Hwang, Su-Jung ; Jung, Hyeon-A ; Kim, Mi-Lim ; Choi, Eun-Mi ; Jang, Joung-Hyeon ; Yang, Kyung-Mi ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 29, issue 3, 2014, Pages 59~70
DOI : 10.6116/kjh.2014.29.3.59
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to evaluate boiled rice made from unpolished rice, Job's Tears, and extract from medicinal herbs mixture (HGMCJE) for hypoglycemic effect on STZ-induced diabetic rats. Methods : In the response of glucose tolerance, control and diabetic rats groups was intubated with glucose and HGMCJE. Furthermore, boiled 100% polished rice (P rice), boiled unpolished rice mixed with white rice and Job's tears (polished rice:unpolished rice:Job's tears=60:25:15, UPJ-rice), and UPJ rice made from HGMCJE (HUPJ-rice) were intubated to control and diabetic rats groups, respectively. Then, blood glucose concentration, incremental blood glucose, and area under the curve (
) were analyzed in every experimental groups, and these data were used to evaluate glycemic response. Results : When glucose and p rice were intubated in control and diabetic rats, blood glucose concentration, incremental blood glucose, and incremental response
of diabetic groups were significantly increase than control groups. But administraion of a single dose of extract from medicinal herbs mixture and HUPJ-rice in control and diabetic rats inhibited the remarkable increase the level of postprandial blood and
at 60, 90, and 120 min Conclusions : These results indicate that when intubation of glucose and P rice were out of control on postprandial glycemic response in diabetic rats. But postprandial glycemic response was well-modulated by administrating a single oral dose of HGMCJE and HUPJ-rice. Therefore, HGMCJE can be developed as an effective hypoglycemic agent.
Effects of Sopung-tang on Cerebral Infarct Induced by MCAO in Hyperlipidemic Rats
Choi, Seo-Woo ; Kim, Youn-Sub ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 29, issue 3, 2014, Pages 71~78
DOI : 10.6116/kjh.2014.29.3.71
Objectives : This study evaluates the neuroprotective effects of Sopung-tang, a mixture of Notopterygii Rhizoma, Saposhnikoviae Radix, Angelicae Gigantis Radix, Cnidii Rhizoma, Hoelen, Aurantii Nobilis Pericarpium, Pinelliae Tuber, Linderae Radix, Angelicae Dahuricae Radix, Cyperi Rhizoma, Cinnamomi Ramulus, Asari Radix, Glycyrrhizae Radix on the cerebral infarct combined with hyperlipidemia. Method : The hyperlipidemia was induced by the beef tallow 30% diet for 14 days on Sprague-Dawley rats. The cerebral infarct was induced by the middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) for 2 hours with intraluminal thread method. Then the water extract of Sopung-tang was administered a day for 5 days at 3 hours after the cerebral infarct by MCAO. Effect of Sopung-tang was evaluated with the infarct volume and edema percentage by a TTC-stained brain section, and the expressions of Bax and Bcl-2 in the brain tissue by a immunohistochemical stain method. Results : Sopung-tang reduced the infarct size partly in a TTC-stained brain section of the hyperlipidemic MCAO rats. Sopung-tang reduced the infarct volume of the hyperlipidemic MCAO rats significantly. Sopung-tang reduced the edema percentage of the hyperlipidemic MCAO rats, but not significant statistically. Sopung-tang suppressed the Bax expressions in the cerebral penumbra and caudate putamen of the hyperlipidemic MCAO rats significantly. Sopung-tang upregulated the Bcl-2 expression in the caudate putamen of the hyperlipidemic MCAO rats. Conclusion : These results suggest that Sopung-tang plays an anti-apoptotic neuroprotective effect through the suppression of Bax and up-regulation of Bacl-2 expressions in the brain tissues.
The Study of Cytokine Inhibitory Effect using Careswell
Ha, Hyocheol ; Oh, Sarang ; Lee, Jihye ; Jung, Ji Wook ;
The Korea Journal of Herbology, volume 29, issue 3, 2014, Pages 79~85
DOI : 10.6116/kjh.2014.29.3.79
Objectives : In this study, we attempted to evaluate the effects of Careswell on human mast cell-mediated allergy inflammation in vitro and pruritogen-induced scratching behavior in vivo. Method : The Careswell was extract by distilled water. The anti-itching effects of Careswell were investigated on the compound 48/80 (
) or histamine (
) induced scratching behavior male ICR mice for 30 min by an observer blind. Terfenadine (10 mg/kg) was used as a positive control drug. The cell toxicity of Careswell was determined by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazole-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. The regulatory effect of Careswell on interleukin (IL)-6 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-
levels was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate plus calcium ionophore A23187 (PMACI) stimulated human mast cells (HMC-1). Also, we evaluated the effect of Careswell on PMACI induced the activation of Nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-
) into nucleus by Western blot analysis. Result : The results revealed that the oral administration of Careswell (200 mg/kg, p.o.) attenuated the compound 48/80 or histamine-induced scratching behavior in mice. We showed that Careswell significantly reduced the PMACI-induced the production of IL-6 (0.5-1 mg/ml) and TNF-
(0.1-1 mg/ml). Additionally, Careswell significantly inhibited the activation of NF-
in PMACI-stimulated HMC-1. Conclusion : Collectively, the findings of this study provide us with a novel insight into the pharmacological actions of Careswell as a potential molecule for use in the treatment of allergic inflammation diseases.