Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Architectural Institute of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 12 - Dec 2013
Volume 29, Issue 11 - Nov 2013
Volume 29, Issue 10 - Oct 2013
Volume 29, Issue 9 - Sep 2013
Volume 29, Issue 8 - Aug 2013
Volume 29, Issue 7 - Jul 2013
Volume 29, Issue 6 - Jun 2013
Volume 29, Issue 5 - May 2013
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Apr 2013
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Mar 2013
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Feb 2013
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Jan 2013
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Architectural Character of Collective Space
Kim, Min-Jin ; Shin, Byang-Youn ; Kim, Kwang-Hyun ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 1, 2013, Pages 3~14
The purpose of this study is to find the proper physical formation of the contemporary public space in terms of collectivity. To understand the proper characters of the publicness in contemporary city, it is necessary to reconsider the relation between publivness and privacy. Through study on the new types of the public spaces which had not existed before, up-to-date publicness can be comprehended. Collective space which are often used as a term instead of public space in the Western Europe these days, reflects the identity of the new publicness and the way of co-existence with others. Therefore, the analysis of these collective spaces will pave the ways for physical realization of the new publicness.
A Study on Public Facilities Plan of Apartment Housings for the Elderly Residents
Shin, Hye-Kyeong ; Kim, Dae-Jin ; Ryu, Ho-Sik ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 1, 2013, Pages 15~22
With the rapid transition from aged society to super-aged society in the recent years, the critical focus has been the issues of physical and mental health, financial situations and leisure time of the elderly. In order to solve these problems, diverse programs have been provided by senior welfare centers to aid the elderly in regard to their physical and mental health, and there has been increasing demand for apartment housings to provide programs for the elderly. However, the thing is that there are insufficient facilities and programs planned by the public facilities of apartment housings to meet to the needs of the elderly. Accordingly, the aim of this study is to classify the programs that can support the physical and mental health of seniors by investigating a program presently conducted by the Seoul Senior Welfare Center, and investigate the need for such programs by questioning social workers in order to present a direction for a public facilities plan.
A Experimental Comparison Among Quantitative Space Visibility Analysis Techniques
Jeong, Ki-Taek ; Choi, Jin-Won ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 1, 2013, Pages 23~30
Today various spaces are existing, and people each have different impressions of them. This causes ambiguity of decision and evaluation when designing spaces. For the problem, several techniques to analyze spaces quantitatively have been studied. But the relationships among them were not obvious. The purpose of this study was to define relationships among techniques for space visibility analysis. We reviewed exiting studies that analyze space visibility quantitatively, and derived 12 indicators from them. Originally, the method of this study have to apply to numerous and several spaces for obtain general conclusion. But we had not enough resources for the works. As an alternative, we set 9 space cases to apply indicators and the cases were adjusted from one space. First we calculated indicators with space cases. And we analyzed characteristics of indicators and similarity among indicators. Finally we derived results as follows : 1) Circularity have peculiar tendencies. That sharply fluctuated with space cases. 2) Similarity among some indicators is very strong and we suggested to use only one of them because of an overlap. 3) Skewness have no any similarity with other indicators. 4) Visual access and visual exposure are distinguished by similarities with variation. 5) Using clustering and multi dimension scaling, we schematized relationships among indicators and classified indicators.
The Commercialization and Changes of Urban Fabric and Architecture at Hwayang-dong Residential Area in Seoul
Lee, Ji-Youn ; Kim, Sung-Hong ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 1, 2013, Pages 31~40
The paper examines the urban fabric and architecture of Hwayang-dong in Seoul, a typical residential area developed by Land Readjustment (LR) Project in the late 1960s. LR was the major urban land development tool to make the residential areas outside the city center of Seoul from the 1960s to the 1980s. About 40% of Seoul's urbanized areas were formed by LR. The paper analyzed the changes in streets, blocks, plots, and buildings at Hwayang-dong from the 1960s to the 2000s. The studied area was filled with one-story single-family detached houses as initially planned by LR from 1967 to 1977. During 1978 and 1987 the existing houses were partially modified and vertically expanded. Between 1988 and 1997 most houses were demolished and medium-scale multi-family houses or mixed use buildings were built under the pressure of commercialization. The period between 1998 and 2007 was the last phase that the area was transformed into the commercialized area with the implementation of District Unit Plan 2000. The paper classified 75 buildings at the studied area into six types; Vertical Addition of Single Family House (R-1), Vertical Addition and Transformed into Commercial Use (RC-1), Rebuilt as Single Family House and Transformed into Commercial Use (RC-2), Rebuilt as Multi-Family House (M-1), Rebuilt as Residential and Commercial Complex (RC-3), Rebuilt as Commercial Building (C-1). Through these phases over the 40 years the Hwayang-dong area has been transformed from the residential area into commercialized area.
A Study on the Features of Physical Internal Space through the Internalization of External Space in Contemporary Housing
Seol, Yoo-Kyung ; Lee, Sang-Ho ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 1, 2013, Pages 41~48
This study is an analysis of the formation and characteristics of the space recreation through the internalization of the external spaces in a residential facility. The modern society showed a distinct privatization of the territories through the privacy and the increase of nature-friendly desires promote the use of natural factors in architecture and variable use of glass to create a non-materialistic shapes. The complex internalization of the external spaces suggests a new architectural space through diversity and exclusivity of the internal space. The external spaces that became internalized physically maintains the external characteristics and shows a differentiated shapes of the existing internal space, but the space organization in the middle performs as the overlapping space, visual flow expansion, and penetrating gap, spatial walls, and closed-off space as a neutral role. These spaces show the internalization characteristics of the external spaces, such as non-physical changes of shape, transition and changes of materials, visual openness, and introduction of external factors through shape, characteristics, senses, and abstracts. Such a phenomenon analysis integrates the relationship between the internal and external spaces and realizes the expansion of the internal space areas to reflect the diverse modern architecture as well as suggesting the methodology of the ample space utilization using the external spaces.
A Study on the Building Uses Change of the Surrounding Areas Result from the Development of Mixed-Use Complex in Seoul
Shin, Ji-Hye ; Lee, Hee-Chung ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 1, 2013, Pages 49~58
Because of the rapid urbanization, the decline of the city center and lack of infrastructure occurred. To solve these problems, it is needed to develop the mixed-use complex owing to a variety of features which can be used simultaneously as a means of urban regeneration. Since 2000, variety of mixed-use development is being made in Korea. There are many recent examples of mixed-use development that is performed mainly to the large-scale development. Particularly the case of Seoul, concurrent development is underway for local economy. Unlike the single-use development, mixed-use development includes a variety of facilities and elements will affect the active region, and it would effect on the surrounding areas. Preceded by a variety of research on mixed-use development so far, but there are not enough studies about the impact of enforced according to the mixed-use complex development in terms of building uses in the surrounding areas. In this study, known as a means of urban revitalization, mixed-use complex development made actually impact the surrounding area land-uses before and after by the change of building uses. It has been presented and examined in terms of analysis. It also provide the basic patterns to predict changes in uses. This kinds of research findings can propose the guidelines for the planning direction of future mixed-use complex development.
A Field Survey on Apartment Community Vitalization and Residents' Consciousness of Management - Comparative Study Between the Seoul Metropolitan Government Sponsored Model Complexes and Regular Complexes -
Kang, Soon-Joo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 1, 2013, Pages 59~68
This study is to examine the roles of community experts in vitalizing model apartment complexes sponsored by the Seoul Metropolitan Government and the impacts of community vitalization on residents. The conclusion was drawn by comparison and analysis of the model apartment complexes sponsored by Seoul Metropolitan Government and regular apartment complexes. The method of research is divided into two stages; firstly, the conditions of community were identified by interviewing management staff of two model complexes and two regular complexes in similar sizes located in Seongbuk-gu, Seoul and then surveys were conducted. The results can be summarized as follows, 1) The model complexes replaced the existing women's committees with the "Community Vitalization Committee" that raised the awareness of residents by making announcements about their activities to enhance community vitalization and encouraged residents' participation by surveying preferable community programs. On the other hand, the women's committees still existed at the regular complexes taking their roles as support organizations assisting the residential committees and the property management office. Their involvements were limited to hobbies and regular activities, such as volunteer work for the elderly and floral arrangement. 2) As to the perception about main agents of management, residents of model complexes showed higher sense of ownership than residents of regular complexes. This result demonstrates that community experts have positiveinfluence on the residents' consciousness about management at model complexes. Also, residents at model complexes who witnessed the roles of community experts showed greater needs for community leaders. Therefore, it can be concluded that the community leaders play significant roles in the vitalization of apartment communities.
Evaluation and Analysis on the Characteristics of User-friendly Rail Passenger Facilities according to Universal Design - Case-study of Suwon Station and Byeongjeom Station -
Kim, Sun-Tae ; Byun, Hea-Ryung ; Choi, Ryung ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 1, 2013, Pages 69~80
The purpose of this research is to analyze the current condition of passenger facilities and he characteristics of users behaviors in it, to evaluate the characteristics of it according to universal design, and to suggest space planning and design of rail passenger facility as user-friendly living environment. The analysis criteria, which include convenience, selectivity, safety, amenity, and eco-friendly condition, and detailed evaluation item were assorted through literature review. The analysis was based on the collected data from field survey carried out to investigate the physical characteristics of movement facility, ticketing facility, convenience facility, and information facility of 2 rail passenger facilities in Gyeonggi-do. The analysis results were suggested by space planning and environmental design of user-friendly rail passenger facility according to universal design.
A Study on Ways to Improve the Evacuation Facility Provisions for Buildings through Comparison Building Act among South Korea, the United States, and Japan
Lee, Jae-In ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 1, 2013, Pages 81~89
This study set out to recognize the characteristics of Building Act whose effectiveness could be guaranteed only with revisions according to technological changes and investigate the problems and improvement measures of the evacuation provisions in Korean law that had maintained their framework since the enactment. The introduction of performance in the evacuation facility provisions for building is a global trend today, which raises a need for South Korea to set a stable of criteria for performance-based design in the Building Act. However, it is more urgent that the specification provisions should be improved as important ones to guarantee the safety of general building, considering that it takes a lot of time to introduce performance-based design because of its long preliminary preparations and that performance-based design is a selective condition as an alternative to specification design. The findings led to the following conclusions: first, building uses should be categorized according to evacuation. Second, the size of occupancy should be considered when setting criteria across the provisions. That is, the concept of provision should be changed from simple specification provision to performance provision. Finally, the study proposed seven supplementary and new provisions on the specification criteria in the Building Act.
A Comparative Study on Public Architecture Design Advisory and Management Organizations - A Case Study on England, France, United States, and Finland -
Cho, Sea-Eun ; Seo, Soo-Jeong ; Kim, Young-Hyun ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 1, 2013, Pages 91~101
The National Architectural Policy Plan 2007 has had a significant influence on the discussion of improving design and management processes of public architecture in Korea. Subsequently studies have highlighted the underlying inefficiencies of the design and management system attributing its problems to the lack of design expertise, bureaucratic design management process and inconsistent delivery of projects etc. Hence the need for a central body which supervises the overall design process and management of public facilities was established. This study investigates four design advisory and management organizations - CABE England, MIQCP France, the Public Buildings Service US, and the Senate Properties Finland - in terms of their main objectives, function, programs and organizational structure. Through this comparative study the article aims to identify common approaches to improving the design and management processes amongst these disparate systems, and provide a basis for formulating a general direction appropriate in the Korean administrative context.
A Study on the Physical Characteristics of Pilotis Spaces of Apartment Complexes in the New City Dongtan, Hwaseong
Song, Byung-Ha ; Lee, Ki-Seok ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 1, 2013, Pages 103~114
The purpose of this study is to investigate the physical characteristics of apartment complexes in the new city equipped with the relatively new pilotis built recently so that the pilotis spaces of lower level of main building within the apartment complexes may be utilized as more satisfactory space and is to provide the basic data for the pilotis space planning within the apartment complex in the future by seeking for the issues in dispute and the improvement direction. In the phase of preliminary investigation, the location of pilotis at each complex and its density characteristic have been investigated by pre-visit investigation of total 20 complexes out of complexes with minimum more than 2 main buildings equipped with the pilotis space within each complex out of all apartment complexes in the new city Dongtan, Hwaseong. In the phase of main investigation, the physical characteristic by the pilotis at each complex has been investigated in detail after dividing from the angle of 'the openness', 'the accessibility', 'the spatial utilization' and 'the surveillance' by selecting 8 complexes with the comparatively higher ratio of household out of complexes comprehended in the preliminary investigation. The pilotis type has been divided into largely as 'the overhanging type access + the pilotis addition type' and 'the pilotis access type', each physical characteristic has been compared and analyzed respectively. The conclusion of this study is as follows; First, the pilotis type of apartment in the new city Dongtan, Hwaseong may be classified largely as 'the overhanging type access + the pilotis addition type' and 'the pilotis access type'. Second, 'the overhanging type access + the pilotis addition type' are insufficient state compared to 'the pilotis access type' from the angle of 'the openness', 'the accessibility', 'the spatial utilization' and 'the surveillance. Third, 'the overhanging type access + the pilotis addition type' is adopted method to achieve the advantage of two methods as the in-between format between 'the overhanging entrance' method and 'the pilotis access type', however it can not strengthen the advantage but rather may result in the dead space if the consideration for the planning of 'the openness', 'the accessibility', 'the spatial utilization' and 'the surveillance' is insufficient.
A Study on the Plan for Enhancing Diversity of the Block Types and Strengthening the Connections between Streets and Housing Design - Considering the Floor Area Ratio of the Block Types and the Questionnaire -
Woo, Dong-Ju ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 1, 2013, Pages 115~122
This study is to find the plans for enhancing diversity of housing block types and strengthening the connections between housing design and streets. We categorized housing block types based on literature review, and compare each group's floor area ratio and the light condition to one another through comparative analysis. We discuss the improvement with other researcher and designer based on outcome of the research. The results of this study are as follows. First, Contrary to our expectation, result shows that Block types have higher floor area ratio than tower types. Second, The block types are desirable to be built in the quasi-residence area. Third, The effective guidance for enhancing diversity of housing block types and strengthening connections between housing and streets are as follows. -the reducing the percentage of contribution, -the alleviating measure -the alleviating the official restrictions of the collecting units of housing. Forth, the design of block defining structure should be considered from the early stages of its urban design, and it should be supported by the institutional devices. Therefore, to enhance diversity of the types of housing block, the connections between Streets and Housing Design should be first consideration in the housing development.
Study on Modern Meaning of Regionalism and Relationship with its Sustainability
Lim, Yeong-Hwan ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 1, 2013, Pages 123~131
Since the late 20th century, global awareness of environmental crisis have presented new ecological ideas from various disciplines including architecture, and we have made efforts to fulfill the conflicting values of sustainable development and overcoming the ecological crisis which are difficult to co-exist. 'Sustainability' is a systematic and comprehensive notion involved in the continuity of environmental, economical, and social aspects of human society. Current issues of 'Sustainability' seek only the technical basis values and focused only on the energy reduction. 'Sustainable architecture' is distinguished to limited meanings of 'environmentally friendly architecture', 'eco-friendly architecture', or 'green architecture'. Sustainable architecture involves a combination of values : aesthet4ic, environmental, social, political, and moral. It's about using one's imagination and technical knowledge to engage in central aspect of the practice - designing and building in harmony with our environment. The international standards of modernism have severed relationships between traditional or vernacular and contemporary architecture. It also caused extinction of traditional culture and its eco-technics. This thesis researches new regionalism of contemporary architecture which is based on vernacular architecture however, seeking the casual relationships between vernacular and contemporary architecture based on vernacular architecture.
A Study on Change of Space Emotion by the Correlation of Finishing Material and Lighting
Seo, Ji-Eun ; Lee, Gok-Sook ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 1, 2013, Pages 133~141
In this study, the changes of space emotions on the space image planned out with focus on finishing material and lighting were identified depending on their expression methods through evaluation of their emotion vocabularies, and the following study conclusions were reached: First, the correlation of finishing material and lighting particularly significantly affects the change of space emotion, where major space emotions were classified into 'comfort', 'friendliness', 'sense of being practical' and 'aesthetic beauty'. Second, the emotional changes of spaces with finishing materials of modern natural and classic natural image were evaluated from the 16 simulation images with lighting sources like LED, Three Wave and halogen as variables, and as a result, it was found that the emotional change of space regarding finishing material was greatest when 'halogen lamp' was applied rather than 'LED' or 'Three Wave'. Third, the vocabularies that showed the greatest emotional change were 'bright-dark' emotion in the case of 'comfort', 'plain-unique' emotion in the case of 'friendliness' and 'orderly-disorderly' emotion in the case of 'sense of being practical', and all these vocabularies were found to be affected the most when 'halogen lamp' is related with 'finishing material'. Meantime, in the case of 'aesthetic beauty', emotional change through the vocabulary of 'sophisticated-rustic' was the most conspicuous, and from this, it was noteworthy that the significant change shown when instead of 'halogen' or 'LED' lighting, 'Three Wave lamp' is related with finishing material. Fourth, it was found characteristic that 'LED' lighting works positively when expressing 'comfort', and 'Three Wave' and 'halogen' were found to satisfy all the space emotions 'comfort', 'friendliness', 'sense of being practical' and 'aesthetic beauty'.
A Study on Critical/Post-critical Debate of Contemporary Anglo-American Architectural Community
Lee, Kyoung-Chang ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 1, 2013, Pages 143~150
This study is on the critial/post-critical debate of Anglo-American Architectural Community. Michael Hays argued that critical architecture is possible and operates between two poles: cultural determinism and autonomous architecture. in 1987. Peter Eisenman also called his architecture as critical architecture. Both were influenced by critical theory. But, Robert Somol and Sara Whiting argued against critical architecture. And they advocated an projective architecture linked to 'the diagrammatic, atmospheric and cool performance' as an alternative to critical architecture. In addition, Michael Speaks said that the era of theory has passed, 'design intelligence' will replaced it. This aroused much controversy in the United States, as well as spread to Europe. This debate is interesting, because it is the starting point of the debate about the possibilities of digital media in architecture. In this paper, I will examine largely critical position(Eisenman and Hays) against post-critical position(Somol and Speaks). In the conclusion, I will evaluate this debate and reexamine the relationship between architectural practice and theory or criticism.
A Study on the Reconstructions of Castles in the Ruling Period by the Regent Daewon-goon
Seo, Chi-Sang ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 1, 2013, Pages 151~160
The purpose of this paper is to analyze the funds and executional organizations of the castle-reconstructions promoted by the Regent Daewon-gun(大院君) from 1866 to 1873. Furthermore this paper aims to examine the renewed structural systems of the castles at the time. Since Byeongin-yangyo(丙寅洋擾), the French Invasion in 1866, Daewon-gun gave orders to repair and to consolidate the castles, especially focused on the costal zones of Chulla-do(全羅道) and Gyeongsang-do(慶尙道), for defending against the invasions by Western and Japanese troops. The royal secret commissioners dispatched to each province evaluated the results of the castle-reconstructions. The funds were prepared by the donation of the officials, inhabitants and Buddhist monks in each province. The special technical experts worked in the fields of the reconstruction or newly constructions of ong-seong(甕城), chi-seong(雉城) and po-roo(砲樓). The systems of the castles were reformed on the base of the application of gunners and the theories of Minbo-ron(民堡論).
A Study on the Historical Significance of Cartographic Development in Milan - Focused on the Cases from Post-Medieval to the Edition of the Theresian Cadastre 1330-1757 -
Kim, Il-Hyun ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 1, 2013, Pages 161~169
This research intends to trace the historical changes that had occurred during the post-medieval period until the middle of 18th Century in the field of cartography in Milan. Different methodologies, that had been adopted throughout centuries, show oscillating phenomenon between monumental and iconographic symbolism on one hand, and philological and pragmatical rationality on the other. Furthermore, gradual development of approach show the specification in the realm of cartography in the historical center as well as expansion in the territorial dimension. Each category of maps shows, at the same time, the evolution of method of representation and the reflection of power from Visconti, Sforza, Spanish and Habsburg dominion. By elaboration of Theresian cadastre directed by Maris Theresia, and concluded in 1757, the traditional cartography of Milan as well as that of Europe changes drastically. First of all, symbolic representation of city becomes integrated with scientific analysis of urban facts. Secondly, traditional cartography fuses with rational cadastre to become an important medium of knowledge and policy in the realm of territory. Thirdly, the relationship between cartography and power results more complex as the adoption of rational and positivist methodology was done not by modern state but enlighten monarchy. Lastly, environment in which Theresian cadastre was edited indirectly explains the formation of young Giambattista Nolli who later elaborated the famous map of Rome, widely known and 'Nolli's map'.
On Mediation of Space through the Symbolic Form
Lim, Sung-Hun ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 1, 2013, Pages 171~178
Symbol is not simply to create a lock-in to a rudimentary concept. It has several different meanings, as well as makes possible other expressions to be done. In this regard, the symbol is a very misunderstood and undervalued. Such characteristic of the symbol is the same in the case of urban and architectural space. Symbol is especially important in being able to shape the intangible urban space. This article is chased the problems of symbol and proposed the concept of symbolic format, looking through Aldo Rossi and David Chipperfield's architecture.
A Study on Originality of Banghwasuryujeong in Hwaseong
Kim, Wang-Jik ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 1, 2013, Pages 179~186
Banghwasuryujeong which located in Hwaseong was built in 1795. It was reconstructed in 1848 cause of flood damage. Since then, there were major repairs of Banghwasuryujeong during Japanese colonial era and 1970's. Through reconstruction and repairs, On-dol(floor heating system), window and veranda porch were missed. Also, some part of balustrade, stairs and floor were modified. The purpose of this thesis is restoration of Banghwasuryujeong's original form which built in first time through comparative analysis "華城城役儀軌" which is recording of first construction with the present building.
A Study on the Characteristics of Urban Structure & Outdoor Space Composition in Jung-Dong District, Seoul - Focusing on the Outdoor Space Composition in Large-scale Lots -
Sung, Woo-Chul ; Kim, Jun-Seob ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 1, 2013, Pages 187~196
This study was carried out on an extension of the study to understand Seoul. And, the purpose of this study is to understand the characteristics and essences of urban structure & outdoor space composition, to reveal the various possibilities of Jung_Dong, where is distinct from other areas of Seoul. For the study, we use basically the framework of analysis which was used in previous studies about Seoul, and analyse Jung_Dong dividing history in 3 parts according to historical events considering the relationship between historical contexts and the components who consist urban structure. In particular, analysing the large-scale lots who have the strong influences on the characteristics of urban structure of Jung_Dong, we reveal the essences of the characteristics of urban outdoor space composition. The conclusions of this study are summarized as follows. In Jung-Dong, where the important historical events occurred, the large-scale lots have the atypical forms according to the topography and the boundaries according to the differences of the levels. The functional characters and the geological conditions of the large-scale lots play important roles in characterizing urban outdoor spaces & structures and maintaining them without significant changes to the present. The buildings constructed on the large-scale lots are inner-directed rather than road-directed and the group of buildings placed make outdoor spaces with various forms & scales. These characteristics of urban structures make outdoor spaces with a continuous flow and various spatial possibilities.
A Comparative Study on the System and Characteristics of Sustainability Assessment Tools for Neighborhoods through France's Eco-quartier Themes and Criteria - Focused on the 4 Major International Certification Systems -
Han, Ji-Houng ; Kim, Yong-Hyun ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 1, 2013, Pages 197~207
This study explores the significance of sustainability, cited as the main aim of assessment and evaluation tools, by comparing indicators and characteristics of the four international assessment tool(LEED ND, BREEAM for Communities, CASBEE UD, HQE Am
nagement) based on the 20 themes of Eco-quartier, which represents the concept of Frances's sustainable residential neighborhoods and reflects their comprehensive characteristics. The four main categories of Eco-quartier are phase and process, lifestyle, territory development, preservation of resources and response to climate change. Twenty comprehensive themes have been suggested under these categories, and serve as a basis in analyzing the sustainability of a project in terms of environment, economy, and society. Through evaluating the indicators of assessment tools and plans for sustainable neighborhoods, we will characterize the disposition of each assessment tool by investigating the area of emphasis among environmental, social, and economical aspects, as well as the extent of bias. From a cross-tabulation analysis of sustainability assessment standards of the four international assessment tools, it was found that LEED ND gives equal consideration to sustainability requirements and devises plans according to land characteristics. However, it lacks a clear standard for "phase and progress," and its scoring system may lead to a biased evaluation. BREEAM for Communities offers a more detailed break down of evaluation standards, and delivers customized results by applying a regional weighted value for each standard. This method achieves a good balance in the consideration of sustainability requirements. Meanwhile, CASBEE UD is more focused on environmental aspects, and usually utilized as a method of post-evaluation. It is particularly weak in "phase and progress," and assigns a low priority to "land development." HQE Am
nagement is more useful in the qualitative assessment of progress than the evaluation of results since all other areas are given low priority. By conducting a comparative analysis of international assessment tools for neighborhoods to derive sustainability characteristics and principles behind specific indicators, we suggest implications for the development of a sustainability assessment tool for residential neighborhoods in the Korean context.
Arboretum Complex Design Strategy Research Centered Around National Ecology Park
Park, Hun ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 1, 2013, Pages 209~220
Arboretums started from a very practical dimension to cultivate decorative and edible plants as well as medicinal plants. But lately, with the plants displayed there, academic research is conducted, and also they play roles as social education institutions for education or enlightenment. Arboretums in Korea began to be formed genuinely after the mid-1980's, and this is based on the improvement of consciousness about natural environment. This paper conducts theoretical consideration and also analysis on the plans and arrangement characteristics of overseas arboretums and draws implications in order to propose design plans for them. With the arboretums started to be formed in the early 1900's in Korea, today various types of public, national, and private arboretums have come to be located nationwide. Due to the characteristics each has such as the location and facilities, they tend to be specialized; however, overseas arboretums still show considerable difference in terms of planning characteristics and programs and also their roles. Thereupon, with the design of Ecoplex, this study proposes an arboretum model that is faithful to their original purpose and represents their future value. The conclusion drawn from this study is as written below: First, botanical gardens regarding research, education, rest and convenience, cultivation, or management are mostly characterized by various types of arrangement according to their environmental characteristics. Concerning domestic and overseas major arboretums' arrangement characteristics, they tend to be planned in consideration of the influence of each one's locational characteristics. Second, as specialization strategies for botanical garden planning, they plan greenhouses or major observation facilities as their specialized facilities, and this is being actively examined as a strategy to overcome demerits they might have for the climatic influence. Third, regarding arboretum planning, it is needed to have specialized exterior space planning for the complex. And organic human traffic planning harmonized with topography, research facilities, and the zoning plan differentiated from exhibition or educational facilities also influence users' human traffic. Fourth, in the planning of chief facilities built in the arboretums, specialization strategies from the aspects of forms to use nature as their motif or aggressive induction of eco-friendly systems is expected to have characteristics to strengthen the arboretums' environmentality.
Analysis of Airtightness Weakness of Sliding Windows in Residential Buildings
Choe, Yun-Jeong ; Nam, Bo-Ra ; Shin, Hyun-Kook ; Jo, Jae-Hun ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 1, 2013, Pages 221~228
A thermal discomfort of residents has been greatly increased due to cold draft and uncontrollable airflows(infiltration) from a sliding window installed at the exterior walls in most apartments(without balcony space). The purpose of this study is to evaluate actual thermal performance and airtightness level of the sliding window based on a field experiment. Three kinds of sliding windows were selected and analyzed in terms of the thermal performance values such as K-value and airtightness level. Airtightness levels of sliding windows were measured on the condition of real construction. The result of measurements showed that loose airtightness levels of sliding windows comparing to ones evaluated the mock-up tests weakened the thermal performance of window frames and increased the potential condensation problems.
The Evaluation of Apartment Envelope System by
Park, Sun-Hyo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 1, 2013, Pages 229~237
In this study, the envelope system affected
emissions in the construction and maintenance stage is developed and evaluated by
analysis. Whole life process of building envelope systems is divided into construction, maintenance and demolition stage and
evaluation method was established by calculating
emission intensity of each stage. The U-value of the external panel system developed in this study is 0.161W/m2K and it is excellent 3 times compared to existing insulation system, 0.47W/m2K. The developed system reduced material usage and life cycle
evaluation results of the wall system show that the
emission of developed systems is the lowest as
. That of outside and inside insulation system appears
evaluation results of 15-story apartment house(60 houses) considering thermal properties by location show that
emissions of the existing system appear to
and that of developed appear to
. So, life cycle
emission reductions were the
and decreased by 22%.
Performance Evaluation and Growth Condition Study about Green-wall System using Moss
Lee, Hyun-Jung ; Lee, Sung-Jin ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 1, 2013, Pages 239~246
In spite of moss's various benefits (no soil planting, anti-cold, fixing carbon in body, fast photosynthesis and so others), the function and usability of moss have not been studied thoroughly. For that reason, the authors implemented simulation about the moss panel's efficiency through PHPP, and evaluated that by installing in the experimental house, "
Green Home " for one year. As the results, this study found out moss's several following characteristics through the observation of moss's growth on green-wall. 1) Moss is very sensitive to daylight and have a different optimal exposure time by moss's species. 2) Moss could endure heat and cold, if it well roots in growth panel for two months or more. 3) Moss has strong resistance to cold more than other species like grass, therefore it wouldn't freeze to death in winter. 4) Falling drop watering system is economically better than squirting type. 5) Moss green-wall has possibility to prevent urban heat island effect and to improve insulation performance. Nevertheless we've found out moss's several characteristics, we need to do the related research for systems optimization such as watering system, moss's own characteristics, function and other important factors.
A Study on the Unit of Emergency Water based on Demand Characteristics in Residential Buildings
Lee, Yoon-Ha ; Lee, Ji-Soo ; Hong, Won-Hwa ; Kim, Gwang-Seob ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 1, 2013, Pages 247~254
Recently, along with the economic growth, population concentration in the city, and the improvement of living standards, demand for water is dramatically increasing. Also, as the life styles are westernized, household water use tends to increase as well. According to the waterwork statistics (2010), water for household purpose was the most as 3,113 million
(65.9%), and occupied the biggest part of it. Therefore, even when the cut-off in case of emergency is assumed, emergency water service for households will be needed the most among them. For the efficient emergency water service, it is necessary to alter the quality and supply amount of water and also supply methods according to the types of demand for the emergency water service. Thus, in order to calculate the capacity of the emergency water service facility and establish the supply system, it will be needed to analyze the types of demand for the emergency water service by the usage of buildings in advance. Thereupon, this study conducted a survey to the people living in residential buildings so as to figure out the types of demand for the emergency water service in the residential buildings and also suggest the unit for use and necessary capacity for each usage by applying the expert survey and the hierarchy analysis method of AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process).
Application of EMS based Simulation for Potential of Energy Saving during the Cooling Season
Kwak, Young-Hoon ; Cheon, Se-Hwan ; Huh, Jung-Ho ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 1, 2013, Pages 255~262
In life cycle cost (LCC), the cost during the operation period is 5 ~ 6 times higher than the initial investment. The energy consumption of architectural environment system accounts for the most proportion in LCC and can be efficiently reduced mostly realized through Energy Management System(EMS). The purpose of this study is to develop EMS and to verify the proposed model by applying energy management technique in a real campus building. In this study, the influence of the building control(blind and dimming) and system control(HVAC) strategies in energy consumption and the energy saving potentials of the whole building energy have been investigated by means of simulations. Furthermore, it is programed to show information of control strategies to achieve EMS. EnergyPlus runtime language(Erl) is used to specify control algorithms and complete energy management. With building control and system control, whole building energy consumption of the target building is reduced by about 46.0%.
Energy Saving Level for Building Energy Management System in Office Buildings
Kwak, Ro-Yeul ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 1, 2013, Pages 263~270
Energy performance assessment indices provide a means of rating buildings on how energy saving they are in relation to the amount of energy needed to provide building users with expected degrees of comfort and functionality. This study aims at analyzing the state of the art of office buildings' energy saving level for BEMS in detail through result of assessment indices for energy saving performance presented in previous study in the view of buildings and applied control technologies. And in order to evaluate energy saving performance more clearly in assessment indices, level indices which linked up the level of adoption and the level of technology was defined newly and suggested. For the energy saving level, the result is summarized as follows; applied ratios of operational plans and control environment are 92%, 75%, respectively, which represent the highest level value, and air conditioners and primary pump is 73% and refrigerator, lighting, supply and exhaust fans, boiler is in the range of 59% to 52%. And, non-applied ratio of lighting, chillers, the boiler, supply and exhaust fans is in the range of 38% to 33%, and so active consideration of their technologies into buildings is necessary. And energy saving level is in the range of 89.0 to 49.5 by building and the level of adoption is in the range of 91.3 to 47.9 and the level of technology is in the range of 98.3 to 74.9 and the values are different by building. Through this result, energy saving level of actual buildings could be identified and it can be utilized to provide an alternative to improve energy saving level in the future.
A Development of Fire Risk Map and Risk Assessment Model for Urban Residential Areas by Raking Fire Causes
Choi, Jun-Ho ; Lee, Seung-Wook ; Hong, Won-Hwa ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 1, 2013, Pages 271~278
Korean people have experienced changes of lifestyle resulting from industrial development and population growth for last a few decades. A pattern of fire incident is also much more various than before. Consequently, it causes an unexpected enormous damage of both human beings and properties. Therefore, we investigated a pattern of fire occurrence in urban residential area. However, a fire can be prevented by scientific protection and management methodology in advance by using a field survey and predicting a probability of fire occurrence. As a result, we suggested ranking and classifying various fire causes of residential areas by using Analytic Hierarchy Process(AHP). According to this, we finally designed a new tool for calculating a probability of residential fire risk, and made a GIS-based fire hazard map.
Comparison of Energy Consumption of Different Control Methods for Improving Indoor Air Quality in Newly-built Residential Units
Choi, Dong-Hee ; Kang, Dong-Hwa ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 1, 2013, Pages 279~286
The objective of the study is to investigate the effect of different control methods on indoor air quality and energy consumption in newly-built residential units. The control methods including ventilation and heating that can be applied before occupancy were chosen for this study. We carried out a field experiment to measure the concentrations of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and a simulation study to estimate the energy consumption during and after the application of the control methods in test units. It is found that simultaneous application of both heating and ventilation methods reduced the indoor VOC concentrations, while energy consumption was expected to increase. Installing heat recovery ventilators (HRV) was suggested to be one of the methods to improve indoor air quality and to reduce energy consumption during and after the application of the control method. Finally, we presented the correlation functions between the ratio of toluene concentration reduced and daily/monthly energy consumption after occupancy for residential units with and without HRV.
A Study on Friendly Plan Factors by Correlations Analysis of Building/Equipment System Factors and Energy Consumption in Office Buildings
Park, Jeong-Gyu ; Park, Jung-Lo ; Oh, Jung-Keun ; Kim, Jae-Jun ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 1, 2013, Pages 287~296
Korean energy consumption levels by industry show the construction sector takes up 22% amongst all industries, following the manufacturing sector at 54%. Accordingly, it is necessary to cut down on the energy consumption of existing buildings in the home and commercial sectors. Korean Eco-friendly related regulations and policies have been improved and developed to cut down the energy consumption of buildings, while being limited in application to newly constructed facilities and those using elemental technology. The study suggests a move to more eco-friendly elements of design in office buildings by analyzing the correlation between the elements of buildings, their systems and energy consumption that occurs during the maintenance stage. The analyzed usage data was limited to office buildings, and eco-friendly designing elements were restricted to building/system elements. Also, the range of data was from January to December in 2011 (1year), and the energy consumption was defined as gas, electric, and sewage from the details of maintenance information. The results of this study are as follow. First, buildings facing the southwest have lower average energy consumption in terms of the location elements. Second, according to the analysis on the correlation of energy consumption, in terms of shape elements, the greater the number of elevators, floors, the area of a standard floor and the total floor area are, the greater the sewage output is.
An Evaluation on Characteristic of Indoor Contamination Levels and Analysis of Energy Consumption in the High-ries Residential Building according to the Various Sensor based DCV Strategies
Seong, Nam-Chul ; Hong, Sung-Min ; Yoon, Dong-Won ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 1, 2013, Pages 297~305
Development of sensing and measurement technology contribute greatly to the expansion of application using sensor based DCV (Demand Controlled Ventilation). So, in this study, It made investigation current state and problems of ventilation system and prospected of the alternative ventilation system using sensor based DCV system in high-rise residential building. It was setting up various sensor based DCV strategies that they are
-DCV, TVOC-DCV, and IR(Infra-Red)-DCV for evaluation on characteristic of indoor contamination levels and analysis of energy consumption. As a result, sensor based DCV system is proper to maintain indoor air quality and to decrease outdoor air intake and energy consumption compare with 24 hour continuos ventilation system.
-DCV appropriate to control carbon dioxide concentration in the each zone but can not control TVOC concentration. TVOC-DCV can control TVOC concentration better then
-DCV but it appeared that period of
concentration is high. IR-DCV have benefits to control
concentration but can not control TVOC concentration during the vacant of occupant. And, the energy consumption decrease rate is approximately from 13 to 21 percent case by case basis by ventilation strategies for one year.
A Study on the LCA of an Apartment House through a Simplified Technique
Choi, Doo-Sung ; Chun, Hung-Chan ; Cho, Kyun-Hyung ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 1, 2013, Pages 307~316
This study evaluated the environmental effect indwelling in an apartment by executing LCA for building materials inputted into a domestic apartment, and selected major materials by analyzing the inputted material change rate in various apartments. This study presented the methodology that can have a similar result to the environmental effect assessment of all materials by using only the finally selected major materials. For this study, a total of 274 apartment houses in 27 apartment house complexes were analyzed to select 27 kinds of major materials as its result. The average environmental effect in 274 apartment houses was analyzed to be 3.58E-02pe yr per unit area(
), and as a result of environmental effect assessment using 27 kinds of major materials, the average error rate from the actual result was 4.9%.