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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Architectural Institute of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 12 - Dec 2013
Volume 29, Issue 11 - Nov 2013
Volume 29, Issue 10 - Oct 2013
Volume 29, Issue 9 - Sep 2013
Volume 29, Issue 8 - Aug 2013
Volume 29, Issue 7 - Jul 2013
Volume 29, Issue 6 - Jun 2013
Volume 29, Issue 5 - May 2013
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Apr 2013
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Mar 2013
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Feb 2013
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Jan 2013
Selecting the target year
A Study on Eco-friendly Architectural Support Law Situation Analysis and Improvement Direction by the Apartment House's Life Cycle
Kim, Hye-Mi ; Hong, Won-Hwa ; Choi, Jin-Won ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 10, 2013, Pages 3~11
As the law of supporting green building takes effect by March 23 in 2013 by fundamental law of low carbon and green growth, certification program of some buildings is newly established or changed. Even if eco-friendly architectural institutions implemented in Korea now have considerable portion of repeated factor in evaluation contents including eco-friendly of apartment houses l certification program, they have other relevant statutory provisions to government department they belonged to. It becomes result of excessive expenses. And they received incentives through various certifications including eco-friendly certification in their early stage of planning and construction. However, in stage of managing and operating of building's life cycle, they are not certified enough and the building can't function in most cases. In this study, I will examine program distribution and characteristic in general aspect of building's life cycle through analysis on eco-friendly of apartment houses certification program. I will also present right direction of institution for effective management of structure.
A Study on the Direction of Revision for Green Building Certification Criteria on Office Building - Focused on the Comparison with LEED and BREEAM -
Kim, Hyun-Ah ; Kim, Kwang-Hyun ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 10, 2013, Pages 13~22
The objective of this study is to propose the direction of revision for Green Building Certification Criteria(GBCC) on office building with comparison analysis to LEED(USA) and BREEAM(UK). Korean GBCC has been developed for both residential and non-residential building, and GBCC for office building has been becoming a reference for other non-residential building. In this paper, Korean GBCC for office building was reviewed to find out current problems, and compared to foreign certifications to propose improving points for sustainable architecture with reliability. Before compared with LEED and BREEAM, the definition and the design methodology of sustainable building were reviewed and objectives and practical contents of GBCC were figured out Korean and foreign certification criteria have been analyzed as TBL. The result shows that item number and flexibility of GBCC were not sufficient to become a guideline for architects. Korean and foreign certification was focussing on environmental sustainable matter. Social sustainable matter were not widely considered and mainly focussed on improvement on interior environment. Consequently, new contents on social aspects were required in to current GBCC for sustainable architecture. Many of Korean architects were putting effort on achieve green building certification to accomplish sustainable architecture. GBCC could be a role as guideline well as certification criteria. More contents on social aspects, detailed certification standard, and flexible items are needed for better system on sustainable architecture.
Preliminary Study on the Patents and Design Patents of the Reknown Architects
Kim, Young-Aee ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 10, 2013, Pages 23~30
The purpose of this study was to analyze the patents and design patents cases published and invented by world reknown architects from early modern periods and to post modern periods. Patent office and search engine was used with data in USA, EU and Japan. Reknown architects were limited to the Pritzker Architecture Prize Medalists. American architects such as Meier, Gehry and Venturi invented the interior furniture and published design patents. European architects like Rosi, Moneo and Hadid invented the interior furniture, on the other hands Piano, Foster and Nouvel invented the architectural technology and published patents through their architectural projects. Japanese architect Ito Toyo have 11patents and 21design patents. And now korean architects need to be concerned about architectural patents and design patents for preventing the infringement.
A Study on the Students' Way of Analogical Thinking in Concept Formulation & Form-Generating Process
Ku, Bon-Deok ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 10, 2013, Pages 31~38
This study focuses on analogical thinking in the concept formulation and form-generating process of the students'design works. The case study mostly takes third year students at "Y" university and analyzed their studio works. The analysis of the case study focused on sources, conversion methods, and conversion media of design concept. The results of the research are followed. Students who want to use design concept as an active and direct form-generating tool have a form-oriented design tendency and there were many cases where the student was able to utilize the formulation and conversion of design concept through analogical methods. The specificities are as followed: 1) Some students tend to generate architectural form by substitute the formal character or figure of concept itself directly to architectural form without any transformational process. Especially abstract concepts had created a substitution architecturally can be seen. 2) In this type of form, in many cases, they become extremely "stuck" or they give up on the concept itself. 3) In a design shown in a diagram form, there were situations where the diagram took an exact form architecturally. As a result, it is revealed when students use a certain concept as an analogical tool of form-generating in direct, students with lack of experience and ability to apply a functional form, fall into a standstill process or the design process itself becomes distorted. On the other hand, in a case where architectural concept uses tools of indirect analogy or a new analog is added in a variety to the diagram production in the analogical process, the resulting product has a high level of completion.
Research on Improvements of the Partial Rent Dwelling System House
Paik, Hae-Sun ; Lee, Seung-Mi ; Kang, In-Ho ; Kang, Boo-Seong ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 10, 2013, Pages 39~48
The purpose of this study is to explore the validity and to improve the design guidelines based on the satisfaction survey of residents who have lived in Partial Rent Dwelling System House(PRDSH). The total of 456 households were selected from the 2 apartment house complexes which have PRDSH units for data analysis. The findings are as follows ; 1)The unit size for rental household should range between
. 2)One or more bedrooms, an individual kitchen, an individual bathroom, and a separate entrance are required for the rental household unit. The door should be planned in the unit to integrate both owner's and tenant's units if needed. 3)The individual gauge system of gas, electricity and a piped water facility should be installed to impose the maintenance cost for each household. The building entrance open control device should be installed to access individually for each household as well. 4)A unit with PRDSH is counted as one household for planning welfare facilities except the parking lot. 5)The number of units with PRDSH should be less than 30% of the total households in the apartment complex.
A Study on the Planning Characteristics of Passive House in Foreign Cases and Domestic Cases
Yang, Jung-Pil ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 10, 2013, Pages 49~56
The purpose of this study is to analyze the differences of the planning characteristics of passive house in foreign cases and domestic cases, and to suggest the improvements of domestic passive house. Foreign countries have already had design know-how and construction experiences about passive house. In Korea, the interests and demands about passive house have been increased. So benchmarking successful cases of the advanced foreign countries will be of help to supplement the lack of domestic research results and experiences about passive house. The main results of this study are as follows; First, foreign cases have higher energy efficiency than domestic cases. Second, the performance of window frame insulation, air tightness are lack in domestic cases. Third, in the view of passive house design, many techniques of minimizing heat loss and maximizing heat gain are applied to foreign cases. Forth, in ecological aspects, many techniques of renewable energy facilities, rainwater recycling, rooftop greening are applied to foreign cases.
The Effect of Crime-induced Environmental Factors of Residential Area on the Intrinsic Value of Housing - Focus on Residential Area with the Highest Rates of 5 Major Violent Crimes -
Lee, Jong-Hoon ; Yoo, Seung-Kyu ; Kim, Ju-Hyung ; Kim, Jae-Jun ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 10, 2013, Pages 57~64
Recently, violent crimes that have repeatedly occurred in a particular region or space have intensified the insecurities of its victims as well as local residents. As a result, its residents have tended to relocate to other areas, negatively influencing housing prices. Existing studies have not made much progress in determining the relationship between the intrinsic value of housing and crime. On this basis, this paper analyzes the characteristics of criminal behavior, and crime-induced environmental factors that characterize near by residential areas are defined as variables according to the CPTED(Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design) factors. Hence, the purpose is to determine the variables' impact on the intrinsic value of housing through the establishment of the hedonic price model. According to the estimation results of the research model, crime-induced environmental factors partially affect the intrinsic value of housing. Several variables(CCTV surveillance, intensity of illumination, separation distance) affect the intrinsic value of housing in the expected mark and are statistically significant. However, other variables(hierarchy of the road, path width) are consistent in the expected mark and yet are not statistically significant.
Domestic and Foreign Case Studies for the Improvement of Unit Modular Housing
Mun, Young-A ; Kim, Mi-Kyoung ; Park, Mi-Jung ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 10, 2013, Pages 65~73
The purpose of this study is to analyze architectural characteristics of domestic and foreign unit modular housing products for development of affordable housing as case study. A document research and field survey were used to analyze and classify the architectural characteristics of four unit modular housing products, Staco, Muto as domestic, Spacebox and Caledonian of Europe. Based on the results of the critical review, The framework of this study was composed of four dimensions such as ubiquity, flexibility, sustainability and affordability. The results of this study suggest that unit modular housing not only has typical benefits of prefabricated building such as shorter build time and budget reduction, but also can get flexibility, sustainability, affordability and proved quality via mass production. This research can be a basis for the application of the unit modular housing to the affordable housings for college students, further, officer and workers.
A Study on the Standards for the Elderly Residential Welfare Facilities focused on the Dwelling Environments
Kim, Ji-Min ; Jeon, Young-Hoon ; Choi, Yoon-Kyung ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 10, 2013, Pages 75~82
This study analyzes the present condition and the criteria of the elderly residential welfare facilities focused on the dwelling environments. The elderly residential welfare facilities are classified as an institution for the aged, an senior congregate housing and an senior affordable housing according to the domestic criteria. According to the necessity for the criteria focused on 'the elderly', this study consider the characteristics of the elderly. The internal and external environments including the physical psychological emotional characteristics of the lives of the elderly. For it, This study analyzes the facilities criteria in USA and Europe which managed a policy for the successful elderly welfare. The analysis is classified as the selection of a site, the arrangement types, the external area and the internal public area. When a site is selected, it should be considered the concept of accessibility, connectivity and comfort, safety. The arrangement types have the elements of mass, program, space. And the external area criteria contains the natural environments including garden, park and the building layout design. For the internal area, this study looks into the public space and the elements such as the conveniences for access, stability of movement, comfort for ventilation and cognitive characteristics which are required for the elderly residential facilities. And Finally, this study make an efforts to set up new standards for the elderly residential welfare facilities which are fitted for the domestic conditions and environments.
A Building Production Process as Social Interaction - Focused on 'Ground Zero' Project in New York -
Kim, Seung-Bum ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 10, 2013, Pages 83~90
The purpose of this study was to examine social interaction in the production process of 'Ground Zero', rebuilding of World Trade Center site in New York. By tracing the progress of the major selected foci, the actors including human and non-human elements were structurally clarified with network diagrams based on Actor-Network Theory. Social interaction was found generally on the relationships not only among the human actors like ordering organizations, architects, pressure group, and the public but also among non-human actors like political position, economic situation, public opinion, right boundaries for the development, etc. By considering whole production progress not as negotiation between humans but as social interaction between human and non-human elements, relationship which had not been found beforehand could be rediscovered. At the same time, considering the actors as active elements which can be changable leads participants of the project to the new point of view which can change the background and conditions of the project.
An Evaluation System for Parametric Exterior Louver Designs Including Physical Surroundings
Choi, Jaepil ; Lee, Tae-Kyoung ; Ahn, Eui-Soon ; Piao, Gen-Song ; Lim, Jang-Hyun ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 10, 2013, Pages 91~98
The purpose of this study is to develop an algorithm that includes the effect of the physical surroundings in the evaluation of parametric exterior louver designs. The algorithm assesses the yearly thermal performance of an exterior louver design using the weather data from Typical Meteorological Year and the solar position from DIVA for Rhino. As the algorithm calculates direct solar gain of the given surface, it considers the effect of the physical elements around the site. The algorithm compares the hourly solar gain on the given surface under the effect of the louver design with Best Case Scenario. The Best-Case Scenario is a condition that maximizes solar heat gain in the heating season and that minimizes solar heat gain in the cooling season. The louver design gets a score that is the sum of the differences of hourly direct solar radiation with the best-case scenario. The paper presents a case study that uses the algorithm to evaluate the existing louvers of the two curtain wall office buildings in Seoul, Korea. It evaluates the existing louvers in two different settings; with the surrounding buildings and without the surrounding buildings. The result reveals that the inclusion of the physical surroundings create more accurate result and that the physical surroundings create different conditions even within the same surface. Therefore, the louver design should be custom-designed according to the different surrounding conditions.
A Comparative Study on the Bathroom Design Needs between the Elderly's and the Young Adults's of Cohabiting Family for Aging in Place
Kim, Hye-Shin ; Park, Sue-Been ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 10, 2013, Pages 99~106
This study was progressed with literature review on aging and the bathroom design studies regarding Aging in place and the survey research. Elderly residents and Cohabiting family members, 200 subjects of each group, answered questionnaires including bathroom use, meaning of bathroom and satisfaction thereof, and the preferred bathroom design. Results and conclusions are as follows. (1) The main use of bathroom was discharging, washing, shower & bath. Elderly residents also used it for laundry and planting, and the cohabiting residents for a rest. (2) Elderly residents took shower and bath sitting, while the cohabiting families filled the bathtub with water and took shower in the shower booth. (3) Elderly residents recognized bathroom as a private sanitary space, while the cohabiting families as a private sanitary space and a relaxation area at the same time. And Elderly residents were less satisfied with location of the bathroom and the height of the equipment. (4) Elderly and Cohabiting families mostly preferred the composition of 'bathtub + shower booth + washbasin + toilet.' Elderly residents required 'bathing assistant facilities' and the Cohabiting families required 'noise prevention' adding to 'floor heating facility,' 'emergency call facility,' and 'dressing area.' This study proposed the planning base for the bathroom design of the elderly households as well as the cohabiting households for Aging in place.
Analysis of Daylight Performance of Each Dwelling in the Flat Apartment - Focused on the Apartment with 4 units per floor in Incheon -
Lee, Ji-Eun ; Lee, Kang-Up ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 10, 2013, Pages 107~114
Understanding the distribution of daylight into rooms is useful for predicting the illumination and energy loads of each units. Meeting the appropriate quantity and quality of daylight is essential for the apartment facade design based on the energy performance. The factors of facade design actually decide the sustainable building performance because the sun has the fixed pattern. In addition, the indoor environmental conditions are varied according to the location and elevation of each dwelling despite having the same shape and orientation. For this research, the different types of daylight performance metrics were simulated with Ecotect. This paper presents an overview of the apartment facade design and the results from case study: there is the difference of daylight in the indoor environment and the optimized window opening size to meet the lighting requirements in flat type apartments. According to the simulation of Ecotect and Radiance, the characteristics that make one place different from other five samples in a building were shown through the location and shadows cast by other buildings. Therefore, the main results focused on the daylighting performance of each dwelling and drew the relatively good location. In addition, the design to overcome the performance gap between dwellings can be deduced.
The Study on the Transition Space in the Maison Curutchet of Le Corbusier
Seok, Jeong-Ho ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 10, 2013, Pages 115~122
The purpose of this study is to reveal the roles and characteristics of transition space by analyzing the Maison Curutchet of Le Corbusier in La Plata of Argentina. This house is not an independent work, but rather one of a 30 year series of studies made by Le Corbusier about the question of dwelling and urbanism. In this small site, 2 different programs coexist, a house for a family and a clinic for Dr. Curutchet. This house especially raises various questions about the relationship between public space and private space, inside / outside, opening / closing, up /under, front / back, and so on. Through the analysis of this house, it is possible to clarify the relationship between transition space and its duality. This study will be organized as list below : 1) Analyzing the architectural space of the Maison Curutchet 2) Study on the roles of transition space in this maison 3) Study on the characteristics of the transition space. A comprehension of this transition space is proposed as a resolution for the co-existence of multi-use buildings in urban contemporary architecture.
A Study on Spatial Intercontextuality of Robert Slutzky's Paintings
Lim, Ki-Taek ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 10, 2013, Pages 123~130
It is well known that modern abstract painting have influenced so much on architecture, space design, and modeling part directly or indirectly until now. The purpose of this study is to focus on the relationship between Derrida's Deconstructivism thinking and Robert Slutzky's intercontextuality in latter period's abstract paintings. Slutzky has worked as a painter and educator in Cooper Union based on architectural mind. His working tendency in latter period flows to make stress on intersection and interweaving pattern between elements, which is mingled with each other, widening the depth of space in spectator's mind. He emphasized the gap or border in-between subject and object. Derrida's intercontextuality is based on emphasizing the importance of gap or hinge in between to see or manifest the invisible structures or unspeakable things and finally leads to stabilize the whole things. Derridian Intercontexuality works as a structure that reveals and stabilize the invisibles or unspeakables through the in-between action. That is the new virtuality for intercontexuality. That is close to that of perceptional spatial action of intercontextuality of Slutzky paintings.
Architectural Design Considering the Composed Unit Cost of BIM Rough Estimation Research - Focused on the Office of Construction and Facilities Management BIM Basic Guidelines -
Yoon, Myoung-Chul ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 10, 2013, Pages 131~140
Depending on the scope of the margin of error of the feasibility of the project, the estimate might be seen as a decisive factor. The Office of Construction and Facilities Management BIM Basic Guidelines v1.2 publication, the estimates of BIM property information for standards, provides a practical application of judo. Therefore, in this study, a building design was found and applied to formulate the BIM composite price for the cost estimates of the calculated amount and for the Office of Construction and Facilities Management BIM Basic Guidelines v1.2 for structure and finish property information and code, structure (concrete steel mold), and finish (aqueous paint, gypsum boards, porcelain tile, cement mortar, and mineral elastic waterproofing). This was done by applying BIM calculated based on volume and unit, where the appropriate material and labor expenses were used to calculate composite unit prices by multiplying the standard unit cost from the BIM Office of Construction and Facilities Management guidelines based on estimates of the amount of money and calculations. BIM was also based on the materials takeoff, detailed cost estimates, and the amount of money. Moreover, leading research and the estimated average margin of error were compared. The object structure and finish of the framing cost estimates of the Revit-family parts, materials, and composite unit price construction costs were made by taking advantage of the design, estimated cost, and use of the architectural design.
A Study on Realization and Clear Territory of Daegu Kyung Sang Gam Young
Lee, Jin-Hi ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 10, 2013, Pages 141~148
In historical cities including Japan and countries in Europe, researches about part of old city have been conducted to combine modernization and existing cities' identity along with new generation's time phases. However, due to the modification on Daegu under Japanese imperialism and development based on Capitalistic economic theory reasoning after emancipation, Daegu's part of old city had lost continuity of form in time that exists in typical historical cities and changed into a city where only modern and contemporary aspects of a metropolitan are emphasized. Taking a closer look at Daegu's historical artifact, Kyung Sang Gam Young Park, one can find the structure lack of maintenance structure although it is located in the city's urban core. Therefore, in this paper, the author seeks to find what it's historical value is and arrange theories about what and how human residents in the current society should add to this existing historical city. In addition, this research reveals the importance of maintenance in Daegu Kyung Sang Gam Young Park by setting a clear territory of the park and planning operations to maintain Kyung Sang Gam Young Park's structures.
A Design of Vinyl Greenhouse with Increased Strength
Seo, Hyun ; Jeon, Soo-Sung ; Baek, Yoon-Kyeong ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 10, 2013, Pages 149~156
Vinyl greenhouse, a lattice framed arch built with thin steel tubes covered with sheets of vinyl, is the most widely accepted greenhouse in Korea reaching
of land coverage. The popularity based on the economic advantage, a result of utilizing cheapest material available always runs the risk of collapse at winter snow storm season. Korean government has set up standard vinyl greenhouse models in increased strength, which proved, however, to bear almost no fruit followed by endless cases of collapse. Introducing space frame consists of typical vinyl greenhouse structural members, this alternative design enables increase strength by 240% of existing model with only 5% increase of combined steel member length. Considering the poor construction quality at market, this design also focused on the minimum variant of inclined member length as well as the control of shaded area, the most important factor to consider in greenhouse design. Joint member to tie bent frames and purlins are to also socket inclined members attached with various angles. This design suggests the joint member configuration conjugating the inclined members into already combined bent frames and purlins.
A Study on Architectural Characteristics of a Modern Building, Daegu Sungmodang
Bang, Il-Seop ; Lee, Ho-Yeol ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 10, 2013, Pages 157~168
This study is based on a consideration of site plan, plan, elevation components and structure of Daegu Sungmodang, and its results are like below. 1. Daegu Sungmodang is a chapel which is modelled on 'Grotto of Massabielle' in Lourdes, France and had its space circumscribed with red-brick walls and also composed of a artificial cave within. 2. The person who planned and designed Daegu Sungmodang is assumed to be Father Demange, the first diocesan bishop of the Catholic Archdiocese of Daegu. The construction of Sungmodang was lead by a Chinese architectural enigineer Mo, Mun-Geum, who has moved from Shandong Province to Daegu in 1911, in recommendation of Father Demnage. 3. Red and charcoal gray bricks were used to build Daegu Sung-mo dang. While most of the walls were built with red bricks, charcoal gray bricks were used to build semicircle and blind archs of front opening, buttresses, lintels and cornice 4. Buttresses, which were built of charcoal gray bricks, were placed on both sides of semicircle arch and edges of Sung-mo dang not only to strongly cope with lateral force but also to segment walls so as to emphasize the verticality of the building. Large semicircle arch and blind arch in the front, lintels and cornice create both unity and change at the same time. 5. Artificial cave which stands inside of Sung-mo dang was built with racks which were made of slender rectangular lumber, and adhered by cement mortar among the racks or gaps and is held up by a roof truss.
A Study on the Geometric System of Alvar Aalto's Villa Mairea
Kim, Hyon-Sob ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 10, 2013, Pages 169~176
The purpose of this paper is to re-examine the geometric system of Alvar Aalto's Villa Mairea (1937-39), which has been analysed by Klaus Herdeg (1983), Juhani Pallasmaa (1998) and Kari Jormakka et al (1999) respectively. And ultimately this paper intended to go on to question the researchers' belief in an ordering rule hidden in the house's plan. As a result, it was confirmed that the basic unit of the Villa Mairea plan is the living room's square module, but this paper regards too much detailed regularisation of all parts in the plan as a posteriori interpretation depending on the individual researchers' subjectivity. They are, for example, Herdeg's view regarding the entrance vestibule unit as the basic module; Jormakka et al's proportion system based on the length of the sauna wall; and Pallasmaa's attempt to rationalise every single oblique line in it. These arguments could be supported by the house's design process, which had come through various early versions with countless sketches. In conclusion, this paper deserves to be considered meaningful since it uncovered the master architect's mythified romantic face, on the one hand. Also, on the other, the meaning lies in this paper's suggestion, through reviewing the former researchers' findings of regularities in the plan, that the mind is to ceaselessly impose a rule on (seemingly) unknowable objects.
A Study on Architectural Bodies in Architecture-Ballet Works and Their Applications - Exemplifying Oskar Schlemmer's and Fr
ric Flamand's Ballet Works -
Yoon, Jung-Won ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 10, 2013, Pages 177~186
"The Architectural Body" as the medium for transformation of body can be explored in interdisciplinary practices of architecture and ballet. Oskar Schlemmer and Fr
ric Flamand presented architectural ballet projects. Their projects show the concept of an "architectural body". The body is reorganized in order to conform to the changes in modern and contemporary technological environments. And this is what we can see in both cases from the mechanism in Schlemmer's to the digital urban medium in Flamand's. This study examines their projects to explore how the concept of architectural body achieves its abstraction and mechanization, thus transformed to the applicable body in architecture.
Survey Research of Interaction Relation Between Urban Tissue and Hanok in Mokpo Hanok Residential Area
Cho, Joon-Beom ; Kim, Young-Soo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 10, 2013, Pages 187~197
The purpose of this study is to analyze the relation between the components of urban tissue to define urban characteristics of Urban Hanok in Mokpo. The result is as follows; first, Urban Hanok had been converged to ㄱ-shaped Hanok. The Urban Hanok had been transformed from ㅡshaped Hanok which is typical traditional Hanok in Jeonnam Povince to ㄱ-shaped Hanok to respond against the high-density land use in urban area. The second, the urban tissue is divided into four patterns according to the composition and characteristics of components of urban tissue; (1)the reticulated pattern which is composed of non-orthogonal plots and curved linear alley, (2)the articulated pattern which is composed of orthogonal plots and short cul-de-sac, (3)the small block grid pattern which is composed of a double-lined group of plots surrounded by streets and orthogonal plots, and the large block grid pattern which is composed of a four or five-lined group of plots surrounded by streets and alley, (4)the four pattern have been different pattern according to the interactive relation among topography, waterway, existing alley, block and ㄱ-shaped Hanok. The third, the shorter side of plots tend to be placed on the side of alley. The direction of urban block axis follows W-E direction in Yongdang and follows an slope direction in Bukgyo. The fourth, the composition of Hanok plans in Bukgyo area was not changed by the position of its entrance but its composition in Yongdang area was changed by the position of its entrance. The fifth, the slender plots was formed by a result of interrelation of the compositions, characteristics of ㄱ-shaped Hanok and plots form.
David Chipperfield, Aldo Rossi, and Rafael Moneo's Symbolic Architecture
Lim, Sung-Hun ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 10, 2013, Pages 199~206
David Chipperfield, Aldo Rossi, and Rafael Moneos's architecture are evaluated as a piece of work that has compact and simple, contains historicity, and expresses placeness. These results of their architecture, however, reveal that the differences with the prevailing perspective to placeness. Rather, they use very unique in terms of placeness that seems to have the opposition to a common perspective of placeness. In this article, I insist that these characteristics of placeness or the perception of the place based on not the spatial parameters, but the symbolic parameters. On the basis, I will discuss these issues raised as a symbol of the architecture.
Effects on Aged Man's Activity and IADL of Residential Environments
Kim, Yong-Jin ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 10, 2013, Pages 207~214
This study aims to find out the relationship between neighborhood environment and elderly's quality of life(QoL). For this, five hundred elderly people of 4 region which has major environment improvement projects such as pedestrian environment improvement project, creation of park , shopping mall project, were surveyed, which was to be improve their neighborhood environment with each improvement project of environment. In this survey, daily living activity, instrumental activity of daily life(IADL), physical health status, mental health status were measured. According to study, the elderly who lives in the area of pedestrian environment improvement project would walk more than before the project, and also their satisfaction for the neighborhood environment was significantly improved. Second, the elderly who lives in the area of new park creation project would walk and exercise more than before the project. Also, their satisfaction for the neighborhood environment and IADL were both improved. Third, the satisfaction for the environment and IADL of the elderly who lives in the area of new shopping mall were improved. These results shows that better neighborhood environment can improve the QoL the elderly in that area. Especially, neighborhood environment would affect the IADL of elderly, which means that the neighborhood environment has a welfare effect.
A Study on the Transition of Openness due to the High-Density of Urban Housing Complex
Lee, Jae-Young ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 10, 2013, Pages 215~222
The density of Korean urban housing complexes is constantly increasing. In this process obstructive problems have been continuously raised and a lot of effort was made to secure a variety of openness in order to overcome obstructive problems. The latest trend of high-density as well as the urban housing complexes has led to a set of public service discussions. Therefore, this research proceeded with the study regarding the change of openness within the range of the openness of urban housing complexes in terms of the neighborhood environment. The research team examined through a set of case studies how the urban housing complexes considered the openness of the neighborhood environment within the periodical changes in the environment of apartments. Also, the research team investigated how the openness of plan techniques influenced the latest high-density trend. The research team was able to identify the desirable residential development, which the urban housing complexes should aim. Also, the purpose of this study is to identify the nature of openness a neighborhood environment should have as a part of the urban residential community.
A Study on The Natural Ventilation System that Combines Solar Chimney System With Geothermal Heat Exchanger System for Energy Reduction - Applied on small studio Apartment -
Jung, Ji-Hyun ; Ahn, Gil-Jae ; Kim, Yong-Seong ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 10, 2013, Pages 223~231
Energy conservation policies for Co2 emissions reduction in the field of architecture has been recommended the use of renewable energy and low-energy technology. As a result, progress is being The high sealing and high insulation of structure but this high sealing and high insulation resulted ventilation capacity shortage for a lock of indoor ventilation. small apartment, studio, efficiency apartment for the recent upsurge in the quantity demanded 1,2 household is difficult to expect the natural ventilation by head wind does not Planar configuration. In this paper we propose a system that combines solar chimney using stack effect with geothermal heat exchange system using geothermal heat pump systems to induce natural ventilation of small studio apartment. This paper aim to clarify the efficiency of the energy saving ventilation system that combined solar chimney and geothermal heat pump system. This system is simulated through the IES's VE 2012 about base(without System) model and system appled model. The results of the model applying system radiators due to the stack effect ventilation rate was increased, Opposed Stack Effect were more likely to air conditioner. Comparative analysis of the annual energy usage. System is not yet operational savings of approximately 30% than the model.
Two-way Evacuation Modelling and Human Behaviour Analysis from a Full-scale High-rise Apartment Data-set
Choi, Jun-Ho ; Hong, Won-Hwa ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 10, 2013, Pages 233~240
The number of high-rise buildings have increased for a last decade. It is very important to carry out Performance Based Building Design by predicting various fire scenarios accurately. However, it is difficult and dangerous to do a full-scale evacuation experiment before a building is completed, so fire and evacuation models are usually used to analyse and to evaluate fire safety. Although egress models have some critical points, it is impracticable to predict evacuation characteristics for higher buildings because its travel route is vertically and repeatedly longer to travel staircases. They are also not enough reliable to reflect individual reaction, interaction in small groups and physical fatigue. Therefore, this study collected human behaviour data set from a vertical evacuation experiment and re-acted them by using egress models such as buildingEXODUS and Simulex. A more accurate egress model for tall buildings could also be developed using the experimental and computer simulated data.
A Study on the Evaluation of Thermal Performance of Building Envelopes in the Very Cold Region through a Case Study on an Office Building in Mongolia
Park, Jeong-Min ; Park, Sang-Hyun ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 10, 2013, Pages 241~248
This study is regarding the evaluation of envelop thermal performance in the very cold region and proposes an evaluation method, which includes all of the evaluation processes ranging from building envelope load to energy consumption. The proposed evaluation method of optimized envelope thermal performance is applied to an actual office building in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. Finally, building's annual envelop load, cooling heating load and energy savings rate have been calculated after revising glass and window ratio. The method of study is, (1) to identify external environmental conditions through climate analysis, (2) to set a baseline model that satisfies the basic conditions of ASHRAE 90.1 (3) to calculate envelope load, heating cooling load and energy consumption (4) to propose two alternatives, (5) to provide quantitative analysis of the building's cooling and heating load with the revised envelope and the amount of energy savings through energy simulation.
An Analysis of the Building Designers and Construction Engineers Understanding about Stack Effect
Kang, Tae-Hyuk ; Kim, Joo-Young ; Song, Doo-Sam ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 10, 2013, Pages 249~257
The purpose of this study is to analyze the understanding of the building designers and construction engineers about stack effect. Even though lots of studies about the problems caused by stack effect have been reported, the stack effect problems are still reported. The countermeasures for stack effect are determined by the building designer and construction engineer in the planning phase and construction phase. However, there are still differences over the selection of the countermeasures between the design team and construction team, which can result in an incomplete countermeasures for stack effect. In this study, the recognitions of the designer and construction engineer for stack effect were analyzed by the questionnaire survey. The differences of recognition for stack effect between the two were analyzed in this paper. This result can be used for determining the countermeasures for stack effect in effect.
Development of a Dehumidification Effectiveness Prediction Model for a Liquid Desiccant System with a Packed Tower
Park, Joon-Young ; Cho, Hong-Jae ; Kim, Min-Hwi ; Jeong, Jae-Weon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 10, 2013, Pages 259~266
The main purpose of this research was to propose a packed tower dehumidification effectiveness correlation useful for liquid desiccant integrated system design and analysis. In this research, liquid desiccant system's performance data collected from established literatures were statistically analyzed using the
-factorial design method. The conventional desiccant solutions; LiCl and LiBr solutions used in a packed tower type absorber were analyzed. The proposed model predicts the dehumidification effectiveness of a packed tower type liquid desiccant dehumidification unit as a function of four quantitative system operation parameters. The impact of each system operation parameters on the dehumidification effectiveness were quantitatively estimated. It was found that the proposed model can be used to predict the dehumidification effectiveness, using LiCl solution within 9%, using LiBr solution within 4%, respectively.
The Development of Estimation Model for Calculated
Emissions from Dismantling and Demolition of Asbestos Containing Materials
Bae, Jae-Min ; Kim, Young-Chan ; Hong, Won-Hwa ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 10, 2013, Pages 267~274
Globally, due to climate change by GHG(Green House Gas) emissions like Carbon dioxide(
), new regulations and strategies are constantly being introduced. Due to increased understanding and interest about GHG emissions like Carbon dioxide, construction fields in many countries have conducted study to reduce Carbon dioxide of construction materials manufacturing, construction, maintenance and dismantling steps. Problems related to waste treatment are increasing along with amount of construction waste. Therefore, A study on carbon dioxide emissions from the demolition phase is required. Especially, asbestos containing materials cause serious problems. However, unlike ordinary construction materials, there is no case study on the calculation of Carbon dioxide emission from dismantling and demolition of Asbestos Containing Materials. Thus, in this paper,
emissions calculated from dismantling and demolition of Asbestos Containing Materials depending on types and based on formulation presented in "Ministry of Environment" guidelines and carbon emission factor of "Korea Power Exchange".
Experimental and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) Methods to Analyze Particle Resuspension and Dispersion in Buildings
Choi, Dong-Hee ; Kang, Dong-Hwa ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 10, 2013, Pages 275~282
The objective of the study is to develop methodology to evaluate particle resuspension and dispersion in building environment. Experimental chamber system to measure particle resuspension rates from reservoir materials was suggested. The resuspension chamber was designed to provide both aerodynamic disturbance and mechanical disturbance to cause particle resuspension. The particle disperser chamber system was also suggested for preparation of dust loaded reservoirs. The results from the chamber experiment showed that the resuspension chamber system can characterize resuspension rates of quartz from stainless steel plate, carpet and linoleum. It also showed that particle resuspension rates differ from reservoir materials to materials. For evaluation of indoor particle dispersion, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) technique based on Lagrangian method was suggested. The CFD model was validated by comparing the simulated results with the experimental data including the distribution of indoor particle concentration.
An Experimental Study of the Characteristic of Surface Temperature Distribution and Condensation in a Vacuum Insulated Glass Window
Jeong, Chang-Ho ; Park, Jae-Sung ; Yeo, Myoung-Souk ; Kim, Kwang-Woo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 10, 2013, Pages 283~292
this study, characteristics of the surface temperature and condensation on a window were assessed, using vacuum insulated glass units produced by the in-vacuum chamber method. For this purpose, mock-up test was performed, based on the result of preliminary study about the test methods of the surface condensation resistance performance of a window system. A general double glass window(DG Window) was selected as an alternative for comparison. As a result, in the same location, the surface temperature of the vacuum insulated glass window(VIG Window) was
higher, in comparison with a general DG window. The surface temperature on the center of glass in the VIG window was higher than that on the frame, because of the thermal performance of the vacuum insulated glass(VIG). On the other hand, the surface temperature on the edge of glass in the VIG window was still lower (
), than that on the frame. Therefore, for improvement of the surface temperature distribution in a VIG window, a strategy to reduce heat loss in the glass-intersection, as well as the application of a frame with equal or greater thermal performance, in comparison with the vacuum insulated glass, are required. Under the condition of room air temperature
and relative humidity of 50%, the calculated outdoor air temperature was
, when indoor surface condensation on the VIG window begins to occur. Analyzing based on the standard weather data for Seoul, it was expected that surface condensation on the VIG window would not occur.
Estimation of Air Exchange Rate of a Residential Building by Using Occupant-generated Carbon Dioxide Gas
Kang, Dong-Hwa ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 10, 2013, Pages 293~300
The objective of this study is to investigate methodology of estimating air exchange rates using occupant-generated carbon dioxide (
) gas in residential buildings. The method uses build-up and decay of indoor
concentration data assuming constant air exchange rate and constant
generation rates by occupants. Field experiment data measured in residential units for 7 days were employed to investigate the
method and compare the results of air exchange rates estimated by
method with those by
(sulfur hexafluoride) and PFT (perfluorocarbon tracer). It is found that the daily patterns of
concentration during the test period are not repeated. Also, it was suggested that the decay curve of
concentration was more feasible in estimating air exchange rates, due to the insufficient occupant schedule data provided during the experiment. The air exchange rates estimated using three methods showed different results. The
method using decay curve resulted in similar distribution of the estimated air exchange rates with the values by PFT method. This finding suggests that the occupant-generated
method can be one of practical methods to estimate air exchange rates for residential units.