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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Architectural Institute of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 12 - Dec 2013
Volume 29, Issue 11 - Nov 2013
Volume 29, Issue 10 - Oct 2013
Volume 29, Issue 9 - Sep 2013
Volume 29, Issue 8 - Aug 2013
Volume 29, Issue 7 - Jul 2013
Volume 29, Issue 6 - Jun 2013
Volume 29, Issue 5 - May 2013
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Apr 2013
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Mar 2013
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Feb 2013
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Jan 2013
Selecting the target year
The Study on the Analysis of the Elderly Welfare Facility and the Improving Direction of It's Design Guidelines
Hwang, Eun-Kyoung ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 11, 2013, Pages 3~10
The goal of this study is to propose the basic design guideline for Elderly welfare facility through the actual state for Elderly welfare facilities. For this, the problems of Elderly welfare facilities and its improved element was drawn through the analysis of the 21 Elderly welfare facilities plans and their conditions of the facilities for Elderly welfare facility, and interview with their user and manager. The results of this study were as follows; at first, in terms of spatial size, secured space for bathroom and corridor is required. Corridor is not only a moving space but also a resting place. Since then, the extra space is necessary. The second, for security for elder's mobility, the material of the floor of the main entrance and bathroom should be the non-slip material. And for the bathroom, it is need for the wheelchair activity space for both in toilet used space and bathroom. Finally, for the external approaching, since many elderly welfare facility users ride the shuttle bus, shuttle boarding area and pedestrian safety road are needed.
A Study on the Facilities Planning for Influencing Factors for Causing and Decreasing Fear of Crime in School
Baek, Hye-Mi ; Kim, Dong-Hyeon ; Jung, Sung-Won ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 11, 2013, Pages 11~19
While more attentions are paid to environmental design to prevent crimes as school crimes against children have been increased, the reality in Korea is that insufficient consideration was given to separate CPTED guidelines or fear of crimes felt by students in schools. Thus, this study is to figure out physical environmental factors in schools which affect children's fear of crimes and to draw improvement direction of the CPTED guidelines to improve thereof. The flow of the study is as follows: Firstly, by deducting limitation of the current guidelines through analysis of the CPTED guidelines of the schools in which such guidelines have been established and implemented, the direction of this study is set up and the variables for physical environment of schools are generated. Secondly, I analyze the current physical status of the selected target areas and investigate the factors causing fears of crimes of the physical environmental factors for the children attending the target schools. Thirdly, I make a study on the facility plans to reduce fear of crimes through correlation analysis between the current physical status of the target schools based on the CPTED guidelines being conducted and fear of crimes felt by their students, and comparative analysis between the target areas. I have drawn physical environmental factors of schools affecting fear of crimes, a measure of facility planning to reduce fear of crimes within each facility, and supplementary measures for the CPTED guidelines through this study.
Optimal Design Method Depending on the Shape Characteristic for Apartments Incorporating Environmental Performance - Focused on the Sunlight and Thermal Environment -
Lee, Ji-Eun ; Lee, Kang-Up ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 11, 2013, Pages 21~28
This paper presents a computational method that can be used as a framework for design to enhance morphological understanding for the maximization of the environmental performance. The environmental performance including energy-saving and eco-friendly function is closely related to spatial resolution determined by building arrangement and shape. The fundamental idea suggested in this research is that if we could implement the elaborate system that enables us to optimize the shape and arrangement of the buildings by incorporating the performance objectives, we could develop passive house complex that has highly predictable energy-saving and eco-friendly performance attributes. To achieve this, we produced the assessment results for the performance in energy-saving by applying the optimal design method to a case study classified into three types (Flat-type, L-tower-type, Y-tower-type). Daylight performance of buildings was visualized and simulated with the software Autodesk "ECOTECT". The energy performance assessment for a year-change was conducted to divide two loads - heating and cooling - by the thermal analysis in ECOTECT. The paper shows visually how daylight level and energy efficiency are different according the characteristics of building shape. The paper ends with a discussion of how the building shape with comfort and low-energy environment could be designed using simulation tools that are available today.
A Study on the Analysis and Improvement of Space Environment Design in the Rural Experience Area - Focus on the Space Marketing Perspective -
Kim, So-Yeon ; Choi, Sang-Hun ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 11, 2013, Pages 29~36
In recent years, agricultural exchanges are emphasizing, even this is a basically highlight revitalizing of rural community. Adjusting to these perceptions, central government-wide farming and fishing experience village business has been carried forwarded to nine projects in 5 departments since the early 2000s. Due to standardized construction and in-discriminative programs, people do a similar sightseeing, so this is a problem that there is redundancy, inefficiency in continually being raised. At the present time, this study, rural experience village experience intraday Gangwon Province the five-spot and, in terms of the space environment design space marketing perspective and usage analysis, based on improvements sought. First, the great rural experience should be planned that the unique characteristics are associating with the space environment in terms of area the space marketing strategies. This is perceived as differentiated experience through visit the rural experience village by consumers and furthermore induces a lasting relationship for exchange. Second, it is required to research and develop about resting function as a local Exchange areas, information, and area solidarity feature. This will make consistent relationship for communication happened by arousing expectation and curiosity about the space by consumers.
A Comparative Analysis on the Generation Efficiencies of the Photovoltaic Systems and Building Integrated Photovoltaic Systems
Yang, Hye-Sook ; Park, Hyeon-Soo ; Yoon, Hea-Kyung ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 11, 2013, Pages 37~44
The purpose of this research is to analyze the generation efficiencies of Photovoltaics and Building Integrated Photovoltaics systems and their expected effects on quantified installation areas, based on a literature review of studies which include either system. Besides those, it is to scrutinize the design elements of the buildings with BIPV systems and to explore the feasibilities for their applications in domestic building design. The literature review includes the studies of generation efficiencies measured in laboratories and by computer simulations for PV modules, which were opaque or semi-transparent. Findings are the generated electricity of both systems almost equals when a PV system is installed in 30 degrees independently and a BIPV system is installed in 90 degrees on the south side walls of a six-story or over building with 2:1 ratio of a south side wall to east or west side wall in areas, although the electricity of BIPV system itself has about 30 percent less generation efficiency than that of PV system. The BIPV system has benefits in the generated electricity 1.95, 3.9, 5.85 times more on the south side walls of a ten-story, of a twenty-story, and of a thirty-story building respectively. The BIPV system is expected to have better facade insulation, cooling and heating loads, double envelop effects, and less lighting load in the aspect of energy efficiency, and to have less electricity loss and construction cost, no separate site needed for the system.
A Prediction on amount of Electric Power Demand by Building Types at the Early Design Stage to Achieve the Green BIM
Lee, Jae-Wook ; Lee, Kweon-Hyoung ; Kim, In-Han ; Lee, Jin-Hi ; Choo, Seung-Yeon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 11, 2013, Pages 45~54
In this study, BIM-based power demand of each building form at the early stage design in architectural was predicted to reasonably and efficiently construct the next-generation intelligent power grid, Smart Grid. Based on building design forms out of basic elements of architectural planning, 8 basic forms were created and a simulation was carried out using them. Then, the required power demand was estimated finally in consideration of power consumption of individual buildings and the produceable amount of power. It is considered that this simulation would improve some defects of the existing power demand estimation methods. The result of the analysis of the correlation between building design forms and power demand showed that circular planning, horizontal arrangement and small facade area would be advantageous to power performance, if the gross area is limited due to the circumstances of the site. In conclusion, BIM-based building power consumption estimation simulation can improve the reliability of the conventional power consumption estimation data. Furthermore, it would provide the foundation for systematic and objective judgment on construction of Smart Grid by supporting decision-making of proper design alternatives to promote reduction of power consumption at the early stage of architectural design.
Characteristics of the Street in Housing Complex based on Children's Active Transportation - A Case Study of Eunpyeong Newtown with Primary School Students -
Park, Jin-Hee ; Lee, Sang-Ho ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 11, 2013, Pages 55~66
This research aims to understand children's active transportation and to draw the Characteristics of the street on which it occurs practically. The 135 students, fifth- and sixth-graders in Eunpyeong Newtown, participated in the research using the mapping method with the daily diagram and the open-ended questionnaire. The findings of the research are as follows: first, 'walking with friend(s)' and 'biking' are main transportation behaviors of children. And it's easily recognized by children whether or not the width of pedestrian passage is suitable for the activity. Second, most used streets as main paths imply the characteristics increasing active transportation on the streets, such as 'the high accessibility to daily destinations', 'the high accessibility of play areas and the network of various play areas', 'the elements providing the joy during the route', 'the wide width of pedestrian passage suitable for the activity', and 'the psychological security by the use of people'. Third, there are also negative elements restricting children's walking and riding bicycle, which are needed for improvements, such as 'the dangerousness of connected parts of streets', 'the dangerousness caused by the vehicles in the street', 'the narrow width of the pedestrian', 'the slope of the street', and 'the lack of resting areas', 'the fear by the absence of people'.
A Basic Study on 'Visitor Service Area' in a Korea Museum
Shim, Seung-Hyun ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 11, 2013, Pages 67~74
In the past, the exhibition and collection storage was only considered importantly in a museum. But nowadays a museum is important not only for the exhibition and collection storage but also for visitor service, education, curatorial etc. The purpose of this study is to analyze 'visitor service area' in the Korea Museum. Area means a set of similar function spaces. Areas in a museum are largely divided into 8 parts; exhibition, visitor service, collection storage, education, administration, curatorial, technical support and workshop. In previous studies, visitor service area consists of lobby, ticket office, information office, reference corner, cloak room, restaurant, lounge and museum shop etc. We study visitor service area currently consists of spaces in Korea museum. We find out the relationship between visitor service area and the other areas in the museum. And we study the pattern of space organization which are needed in spaces of visitor service area of the museum in the Korea.
A Study and Evaluation on the Accommodations of Railroad Station Facilities in relation to Universal Design - Focused on major stations in some metropolitan cities -
John, Yong-Seok ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 11, 2013, Pages 75~84
The number of people utilizing a railroad system in our country has been increasing steadily, and new modern railroad stations are having been built mainly due to the introduction of high-speed railroad system and more efficient transfer facilities. Meanwhile, our society is becoming a super-aged; the average age of our population is rising fast. Therefore, we need to re-exam current barrier-free environment for mass transit facilities in our country and find out what would need to be done to provide better environment for unspecific majority. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the application of universal design at major railroad stations and find out which areas need our attention and suggestions for improving their environment so everybody could use the facilities safely without physically discriminational problems at least. The scope of this research is focused on the application of The Mobility Enhancement For The Mobility Impaired Act toward three major railroad stations in the metropolitan cities along the Gyeongbu Line. The result of the research shows the followings: first, the application toward the visually handicapped is the weakest area compared to others and it needs to be improved immediately. Secondly, it turned out that some of detailed guidelines provided by "The Mobility Enhancement For The Mobility Impaired Act" are not clear, and even some of the guidelines collide with those from "Act on the Promotion and Guarantee of Access for the Disabled, the Aged, and Pregnant Women to Facilities and Information". These need to be reexamed and reworked immediately so the accommodations are applied properly.
A Study on the Characteristics of Indoor Life Environment Based on the Building Size of Childcare Center in the Ulsan City
Yoo, Bok-Hee ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 11, 2013, Pages 85~93
The purpose of this study is to find out the characteristics of childcare center according to the building size. Data from 28 cases was collected from childcare center.
, CO, PM10, Formaldehyde, temperature, relative humidity, brightness, noise level were measured in 2 or 3 places of 28 cases and evaluated the level quality about maintenance so as cleanliness, facilitation and safety. The result of this study were as follows;
of 8 places exceed pollution recommended standard and the brightness, noise level, temperature, humidity were need for childcare licensing in order to determine the quality level of childcare. In the cleanliness of kitchen, the results of the assessment maintenance are highly evaluation, in cleanliness of bathroom and safety of childcare room, received low evaluation.
A Study on the Emotion Activation Design Methods through Interaction of Finishing Materials and Lighting
Seo, Ji-Eun ; Lee, Gok-Sook ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 11, 2013, Pages 95~102
This study was analysis to responds of interactions the finishing materials and lighting how to different space image through perceptional emotion. For this purpose, the EEG measurement experiments to conducted, from the results presented housing space design plan methods for activated emotion. The results was first, finishing materials and lighting formed a very close correlation has been used as a design tools. So, these interactions built over the physical and psychological factors that any space emotions can be formed. Second, conduct an experiment of the human EEG signals measured with twenty people for the space emotion assesment. Each of these compose by 'friendly', 'pleasant', 'activity' in the space emotions. They feel the same emotion other two type space image. Among this different design methods was able to find a residential model to give a more than emotional stimulating and to give a more than improve satisfaction. Third, EEG measurements results from induce to 'friendly' and 'activity' apply to color, texture and pattern of finishing materials varied changed by lighting. Generally 'friendly' was applying to finish with dark brown color tone and do not have a specific pattern, which finishing materials tone changes perceived comfortable and stable brown color by interaction of lighting. And emphasize only texture of finish without pattern be able to activate sensibility in 'friendly'. In contrast, the 'activity' was applying to finish with beige-toned wood and grey color close to white stone by interaction of lighting changes perceived more clearly textures with patterns can be activate sensibility. Therefore, this visual texture and emotion was diversify expressed by finishing materials and lighting, and proposed housing space design methods be expect a new housing space model will be used.
A Study on the Status of Total Floor Area in Korean General Hospital
Cho, Jun-Young ; Yang, Nae-Won ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 11, 2013, Pages 103~110
This study is to investigate the status of total floor area in Korean general hospital. Total floor area is analyzed to hospital characteristics, region and number of beds. The purpose of this study is to provide data on the basis for architectural planning of total floor area. The subjects of this study is general hospitals through the evaluation of the healthcare accreditation. For comparison among hospitals is based on total floor area per bed. The analysis is focusing on the distribution range rather than status of complex statistical analysis. And for comparison, the objective distribution of the minimum, average, medium, and maximum values were written. The results of this study could be summarized as follows; Average of total floor area per bed is
and distribution range is
. National, public or tertiary hospitals has relatively large total floor area compared to private or general hospitals. In addition, according to the distribution area can be classified into four groups. First group is less than
/bed, this group is generally private general hospitals. Second group is generally private university hospitals that distributed in
/bed. Third group shows the average hospital that distributed between
/bed. Fourth group, more than
/bed, is the National university hospitals or a company or foundation is sponsored tertiary hospitals.
A Study on the Traditional Architecture and its Characteristics of Fu-Long-Cun in China
Lee, In-Hee ; Yoo, Jae-Woo ; Oh, Kwang-Suek ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 11, 2013, Pages 111~120
This study is concerning to the traditional architectural characteristics of the Fu-Long-Cun(芙蓉村) in China since the 14C Chung(淸) Period. Our research team had been to the field three times since 2012 for research and measure the architectures and outrange of the village. The purpose of this study is as followings. The first, Architectural Characteristics were analysed according to the architectural purpose such as housing, temple, school or any other uses in Bu-Yong-Chon. The second, the Chinese traditional architectural physical and Spacial Characteristics of the Houses were analysed. And than the results of this paper is showing to the architectural comparative meaning between Korea and China in architecture.
The Typological Characteristics for Non-continuous Planes of the Road in the Hillside City - Focused on the Old Section of Seongnam City -
Lee, Ji-Young ; Han, Kyung-Ho ; Lee, Young ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 11, 2013, Pages 121~130
The old section of Seongnam City is considered as the first version of a new town of Korea with urban master plan. However, a uniform grid-road system was introduced without regarding to topographical features. Streets and pedestrian ways of the orthogonal grid system has produced many spots with different levels caused by sloped topography during the process of expanding road network for increased volumes of traffic. So far, along the contact areas of site and the road, a lot of non-continuous planes have been resulted. Studying on the typological characteristics for non-continuous planes of the road will offer new accessibilities such as emergency path to every urban areas and this will also play important role for sustaining placeness of all community within the city. Thus, the non-continuous planes need to have some qualitative and quantitative architectural improvement for the day-to-day citizens' lives. In conclusion, this study suggests a possibility of urban regeneration through the architectural proposal by taking advantage of the non-continuous planes.
A Study of Copyright for Protection of Schematic Design in Architecture - Focused on the Comparison with Applied Art -
Kim, Hye-Jung ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 11, 2013, Pages 131~140
The purpose of study is to provide the basis to improve the protection for the architectural idea through copyright, especially focused on the phase of preliminary and schematic design. The process of architectural design has four major criteria, such as pre design, schematic design, design development, construction document. The beginning stage of architectural design needs the most creativity among other stages, which therefore needs proper copyright protection. In this context, the study examined general history of the development of copyright law in Korea analyzing the effects of the architectural professions. The development of copyright act of applied art has been focused to analyze the idea protection comparing with the architectural design protection. Research approach has been made with the discussion on the similarities and differences of design idea protection between architectural design and the applied art, various cases of the claims in architectural fields. In conclusion, the findings have been discussed to improve the protection of the idea of schematic design, which has been often claimed recently. The separation of the design and products in the field of applied art could be a model case to apply to improve design protection in the architectural profession. It needs to study broadly collaborating with architectural institute to improve the copyright protection act for moral right and property right in order to improve the status of the architects in Korea.
A Study of the Characteristics of Public Libraries by Complexation Type
Ryu, Tae-Hyun ; Ko, Jae-Min ; Lim, Chae-Jin ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 11, 2013, Pages 141~149
As a cultural complex, today's public libraries include a variety of cultural programs. Along with the flow and changes of the times, a public library changed from a material-centric library to a users-centric one, accepting a diversity of cultural functions as well as the functions of collecting and opening materials. As a result, a public library expands its roles to a community facility. Additionally, a variety of mixed uses, such as display, watching a video, participating in a cultural program, and leisure, occur in a public library. As such, since a public library changed to a place including pluralistic culture, much research on complexation of a public library has been conducted. However, they often focused on complexation of simple cultural programs. Therefore, this work analyzed the trend of public libraries that have more than one functions except for the spatial component described in 'Manual of Establishment and Operation of Public Libraries' and have complexation in the equal position with a library, and thereby drew complexation libraries and classified the complexation types of the libraries. This researcher conducted literature study to look into the definition of complexation and analyzed the complexation state of 57 study objects in Korea to investigate their general characteristics, the combination structure of the facilities mixed with libraries and the association with the facilities. Based on the analysis, this work looked into the types of domestic public libraries and combination characteristics of facilities.
A Study on the Layout and Plan Type of the Folk Houses in Sangju Province
Kim, Chan-Yeong ; Chung, Myung-Sup ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 11, 2013, Pages 151~161
In this study, a field survey of vernacular houses was carried out in Sangju region where is located in Nakdong River coast; lifeline of Sobaek Mt. and Yeongnam area in northwest inland, and the regional characteristics of arrangement and floor plan were examined. Furthermore, the study will discover regionality and will provide fundamental data through comparative analysis with other regions after discovering the original form of vernacular houses in Sangju region. As a result of the study, the Folk houses in Sangju region positively adopted open-toenmaru on a self-contained living space with storage purpose space for farm work. Also, a yard is placed for farm work and daily living space in gathering-type settlement and fence and front entrance were installed for external boundary. Based on single house of 3 kan and 4 kan, the floor plan was designed with double line in beam direction or extended Kan in purlin direction to extend to house with several wings or half wings. Also, regional characteristic was shown by building attached house for farm work and storage to improve the purpose. These designs are created due to regional condition (North eastern area in Gyeongbuk where is located next to Sobaek Mt. and Nakdong River), temperature, gathering-type settlement (rice farming has been developed from the early period), and occupation of residents. In addition, the location on the major traffic route and conflict and interchange with Andong culture (mainly built with house with several wings) due to cultural and geographical acculturation created unique regional Folk house.
A Study on the Erection System of the Dapo-Style Buddhist Halls based on Slope Method
Sung, Dae-Chul ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 11, 2013, Pages 163~172
The Korean traditional architecture would express the aesthetic sense at the ratio of each part consisting of the proportional sensitivity by the unit member or member when considering to be the post-lintel structure. With respect to this, the part and whole and proportion system as the concept of the whole and part are determined that they became the rule of the erection. This study is the research that it statistically analyze survey data with the research that tries to investigate the rules about the erection of this Korean traditional wooden architecture based upon the technique of the carpenters. It is seen that the slope of the eaves part is determined and the deviation is small that there was the slope preferred in the general inside the Danyeon(短緣)-slope is automatically determined since showing up consistently after firstly the Jangyeon(長椽)-slope and Jongdori(宗道里)-slope is determined. Size of the building's height according to the increase in the plane scale or roof and eaves extrusion etc., in conclusion, the side length is referred and the ratio about this or proportional relation is not direct relation corresponded to 1:1 and it is the concept shown up due to the result of the slope installed based on the side length. In addition, generally the combination with the other slope in the extension of the slope, standard-slope and half-slope, and etc. were used and it seems to be the concept of the dimension setting or proportion to the use of slope be general and useful.
The Relationship of Wooden Members of Sinreuksa Geukrackbojeon - On the focused the Arrangement of Purlins -
An, Dai-Whan ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 11, 2013, Pages 173~180
The purpose of this study was to analyze design process of Sinreuksa Geukrackbojeon on the focused the arrangement of purlins. In Korean traditional wooden building, after timbers trim at the same time, timbers are assembled at the same time. So, there is the rule to trim and assemble timbers. Each Korean traditional wooden building has its own unique and specific rules, while each building follows the universal rules that every building follow. This study try to find unique and specific rules from Sinreuksa Geukrackbojeon. So, this study try to find the relationship the arrangement of purlins and other wooden structure plan and floor plan. The own unique rules in the relationships assume to be the characteristics of this building. The arrangement of purlins is related with the arrangement of columns, daeryang, jongryang, chungryang, and so on. Each relationship can be unique characteristics of Sinreuksa Geukrackbojeon through the arrangement of purlins. This study assume that the arrangement of purlins was the important plan of the whole architectural plan in the traditional wooden architecture, especially Sinreuksa Geukrackbojeon. If this kind of study keep, many part of wooden structure can be found many relationships of the others as characteristics of Sinreuksa Geukrackbojeon. If many characteristics will find, the another value of this building will be found. And it means that architectural plan and design process of this building will be found more precisely.
A Study on the "Seokbinggo" Arched Structure and Composition Methods in the Joseon Dynasty
Kim, Sang-Hyup ; Cho, Hyun-Jung ; Kim, Wang-Jik ; Kim, Ho-Soo ; Jung, Sung-Jin ; Kim, Derk-Moon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 11, 2013, Pages 181~188
This study was built in the late Joseon seokbinggo will have seen how the structure and composition. Seokbinggo from the Three Kingdoms period, has a long history to modern times. Most are semi-circular arched form of seokbinggo. Tunnel-like structure without making hongyeseok all three arched at Cannes in Cannes for 5 pumpin than the skeleton, such as Sanya across arched across the flagstones between the Agency is to structure type. This is using both hongyeseok tunnel structure is the difference between creating a hongyegyo. This case with a skeleton structure of the Unified Silla cheongungyo Bulguksa and can be found in baekungyo that has a history.
A Study on the Significance of Frank O. Gehry's Museums in Contemporary Museum Architecture
Lee, Kwan-Seok ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 11, 2013, Pages 189~200
This research studies the characteristics of Gehry's museums in relation to his outlook on architecture, and considers the significances of his museums in the contemporary museum architecture as follows; (1) Complex characteristics of Gehry's museums are well brought out in two features: contrastive combination between regular forms and irregular forms from the viewpoint of material and shape as a result of his architectural inclination, fragmentalization and dualism, and the relief of formal heterogeneity of compositional volumes. (2) This complex composition in Gehry's museums reveals strong existence through the birth of sculptural museums which encourage 4 dimensional experience from the interior and exterior. (3) These characteristics of his museums speak for a tendency of the contemporary museum which is becoming a medium for popular entertainment. This has been achieved not by local advantage, enlargement of educational or convenience facilities but by the influence of architecture itself. (4) In spite of Gehry's radical point of view on the character of exhibition space, we can confirm that he has tried to give minimal stability necessary for appreciation to his exhibition spaces. Gehry's museums came into being between his radical experimentalism and practical professionalism. His museums fill the social role of the contemporary museum, 'popularization of culture'.
A Study on Symbolic Expression of Crises in Lebbeus Woods's Architecture
Kim, Hyon-Sob ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 11, 2013, Pages 201~208
This paper aims at researching on crises manifested in the American architect Lebbeus Woods's (1940-2012) experimental works. In particular, a 'war' as an extreme expression of a crisis had been a major theme of his projects in 1990s, for example, warfare in the traditional sense as in Sarajevo, warfare of restricting capital as in Havana, and warfare of building against natural forces as in San Francisco. His conceptual healing process of a war-damaged building with the phases of 'injection', 'scab', 'scar' and 'new tissue' is a biological metaphor, more symbolic than realistic. And his ideas of the 'heterarchy' and the 'freespace', characterised arguably by 'the assemblage of fragments and their folded ways', could be seen as a critical reaction against modern rationality and mass consumer/technological culture. Architecture as an instrument for social transformations is a political act to Woods, and he has proposed 'anarchitecture', an architecture for an anarchic society. Finally, this paper asserts that his heterarchic anarchitecture implies 'a fundamentally unlivable modern condition', being accompanied by 'the uncanny' as an aesthetic effect; and that the visionary Woods's projects, though mostly remained unbuilt, should be considered meaningful since they have let us realise existing crises in the present society and see modern culture with a critical view.
A Study on Spatial Characteristics of Gericke House by Mies van der Rohe
Kim, Do-Sik ; Lee, Hee-Won ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 11, 2013, Pages 209~216
Gericke House, which Mies van der Rohe designed in 1935, although not actually built, is significant in that Mies applied his long pursued idea of the country house to a real site. Mies' idea of the country house, which started in 1923 from the Concrete Country House Project and the Brick Country House Project in 1924, was implemented in the design of the Gericke House, which was rendered with his consideration of the nature of the site and the architectural ideas he had sought to create a practical and sophisticated building. However, this paper argues that the importance of Gericke House lies in the richness of Mies' architectural ideas expressed in it more than in adoption of the idea of country house for it. In so doing, this paper studies the relationship between Gericke House and other previously designed structures, and interprets characteristics of spatial composition of various interior and exterior spaces of the building and its architectural effects. In the end, the paper presents a conclusion on comprehensive architectural effects of the entire building by analyzing Gericke House from its entrance to other areas in sequence. In the process of the analyses, the paper also studies Gericke House in relation with other numerous works by Mies, and attempts to interpret what important status the Gericke House holds in Mies' architectural career.
The Transformation of Pyongyang's Urban Morphology after the Late Joseon Period - Through the Comparison of Pyongyangseongdo and Land Register Map of 1914 -
Kim, Min-A ; Jung, In-Ha ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 11, 2013, Pages 217~226
This study tries to clarify the transformation of Pyongyang's urban morphology after modernization by comparing Pyongyangseongdo with Land Register Map of 1914. As the result of this study, we can identify two significant facts: firstly, 1) the characteristic of Pyongyang's urban morphology in the late Joseon Dynasty including street system and urbanscape, the position of public buildings, the size of urban blocks and plots, and urban housing types; secondly 2) its collapse and transformation amid push to modernize through the establishment of mission stations and modern educational institutions, the construction of railway station and Punggyeonggung, the formation of Japanese town and the destruction of city walls.
A Study on Design Coordination System by Master Planner for the Design Process and the Diversity of Design in the Bogeumjari Housing Site
Lee, You-Mi ; Youm, Chirl-Ho ; Park, Guang-Jae ; Noh, Soo-Mi ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 11, 2013, Pages 227~234
This study aims to analyze the design coordination system by master planner which is meditated and connected with various designs for creating integrated spacial environments for the design process and the diversity of design in the Bogeumjari Housing Site. To do so, the study conducted a survey, focused group interviews, individual interviews and a workshop. The results are summarized as follows; (1) the basic design coordination system by Master Planner is composed of master planner, engineering company, master architect and block architect, (2) the another design coordination system for design competition is made up of master planner, engineering company, project architect/project manager and block architect, (3) the another design coordination system for large-scale housing construction plans consists of Master Planner, engineering company, master architect, master designer/total designer, (4) the problem of the design coordination system by master planner are the ambiguous role, the limitation of responsibility and authority, the unsatisfactory design management system, the disconnected public design works, (5) the necessity to activate of the design coordination system and the revision of related code for cracking down the problems.
An Analysis on the Affecting Factors of the Image of Bukchon Hanok Village Using PLS Regression Analysis - Focus on Comparative Analysis for Korean and Foreign Visitors -
An, Juh-Ho ; Won, Jai-Mu ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 11, 2013, Pages 235~243
The main purpose of this study is analysing the influential factor toward an image of Bukchon Hanok Maeul(village). This work constituted to collect some survey of Koreans and foreigners who are visiting this village. After then it examined the influential factors of the images and compared them. The research used PLS regression analysis to resolve some problems like the number of sample and multicollinearity. According to the result, it was elicited that all indicators were important related with the image of Hanok for both Koreans and foreigners. Above all, it indicated that the most important essential images are a roof(1.396) among the Hanok images for Koreans and the street furnitures(1.599) between the institutional images for foreigners. therefore, we consider that this study may be based on improving the image and the community identity when planning on the development and preservation of Bukchon Hanok Maeul in the future.
An Envelope Design Considerations of Super High-rise Curtain Wall Building - Focused on the Wind Pressure and Thermal Performance According to Glazing Characteristics -
Choi, Won-Ki ; Cho, Jong-Soo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 11, 2013, Pages 245~252
To get the high quality curtain wall in high-rise buildings, we should consider of technical issues. It can strongly be wind performance and energy consumption. From this point of view, the target of this study is to analyze the performance of wind pressure and energy according to the modeled curtain wall system. To get the target, this study make the architectural model to simulate by using the Window Glass Design computer program to analyze that. From the simulation this study will analyze of the synthesized wind pressure performance according to the characteristics of windows then, indicate the composition method and the heat treatment strategy of windows in the high-rise building. It will also give a chance to understand of technical performance for a curtain wall and then, can help architects to get proper facade design for a high-rise building. This study has the limited analysis of the relationship between wind pressure and composition strategy according to the window size variations for the high-rise building. By the way this study show the possibility that it can develop to the synthetic curtain wall guideline for the high-rise building with the analysis of various factors in the future.
An Analysis on the Building Wind Variation in the Residential Community Pedestrian Area by the Planting Method
Cheong, Chang-Heon ; Ryu, Seong-Ryong ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 11, 2013, Pages 253~262
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the building wind reduction in the residential community by the planting method. Planting at the boundary region and the partial districts of the target site are considered. The simulation is performed by CFD tool, Star-CCM+. The results show that planting at the boundary of the region generally results in the significantly wind speed reduction around the boundary planting position. However this type of planting does not reduce the wind speed significantly at middle area of the site because of the down-ward airflow generated by the tall building facade. Planting at the partial placement in the residential community slightly reduce the wind speed at target area. However, undesirable wind speed increases at other parts were occurred. According to the results, the planting method affects the wind speed reduction effect. When the trees are spread at the target area, wind speed is reduced effectively. Basing on the results, we can also conclude that planting at the boundary region and specific district are useful for wind speed reduction at the target site.
Comparative Analysis of Energy and Environmental Pollution Assessment for New Apartment Buildings in Domestic and Foreign Green Building Certification Systems
Lee, Hyun-Hwa ; Kim, Sung-Im ; Lim, Jae-Han ; Song, Seung-Yeong ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 11, 2013, Pages 263~272
With the increase in the demand for sustainability, Korean Green Building Certification System came into force in 2002. The existing Korean Green Building Certification System has been implemented as G-SEED integrated with the Housing Performance Rating System since June 2013. The aim of this study is to suggest refinement schemes for energy and pollution assessment criteria of G-SEED. We compared and analyzed assessment items and methods of various foreign green building certification systems: LEED of USA, CSH and BREEAM of UK, CASBEE of Japan, BEAM of Hong Kong. Based on the analysis results, we suggested assessment plans considered to be effective for each assessment item.
Evaluation of Thermal Comfort and Energy Performance for the Radiant Floor Cooling System with Dedicated Outdoor Air System in Apartment Building
Jin, Hua-Guo ; Jeong, Chang-Ho ; Yeo, Myoung-Souk ; Kim, Kwang-Woo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 11, 2013, Pages 273~281
In this study, thermal comfort and energy performance of the Radiant Floor Cooling System integrated with Dedicated Outdoor Air System(RFCS-DOAS) was analyzed and compared with the existing system, Packaged Air Conditioner with Energy Recovery Ventilator(PAC-ERV). As a result, the room temperature maintained within the range of
with both of PAC-ERV and RFCS-DOAS. Since the minimum floor surface temperature was
and the dew-point temperature was from
, the condensation on the surface did not occur. In the aspect of the thermal comfort, minimum value of PMV was -0.62 and maximum PPD was 12.5% for PAC-ERV, which was out of recommended range. However, RFCS-DOAS could maintain the PMV and PPD within the recommended range. In addition, the total energy consumption during continuous operation in the PAC-ERV was 1,098 kWh which were about 1.5 times more than 717kWh, the total energy consumption of the RFCS-DOAS, and during intermittent operation, the total energy consumption in the PAC-ERV showed 730kWh which were about 1.8 times more than 407kWh, the total energy consumption of the RFCS-DOAS. So, the energy consumption ratio of the PAC-ERV to RFCS-DOAS during continuous operation was lower than that during intermittent operation.
A Study on Score Calculation Method for Certification Grade of G-SEED(Korea) & World Green Building Rating Systems
Lee, Sung-Ok ; Cho, Dong-Woo ; Park, Cheol-Yong ; Lee, Sang-Ho ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 11, 2013, Pages 283~290
The purpose of this study was to compare between G-SEED and BREEAM in credits and to analyze the score calculation method for deciding a certification grade of G-SEED and BREEAM. We were used the score ratio which was meant to divide applying score by total section score and the section weighting were used in analysing the score calculation method. The results of this study were as follows; in case that the score ratio was lower than the section weighting, the final section score was highly estimated in comparison with the origin section score. As a result for solving this problem we proposed the three treatments as follows; (1) to increase the present credit score, (2) to enhance the number of the credit, (3) to change the section weighting.
Evaluation of Contaminant Concentration Reduction Effect of Sorptive Building Materials by New Ventilation Index - Net Escape Velocity
Lim, Eun-Su ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 11, 2013, Pages 291~298
Net Escape Velocity (hereafter NEV) is a new index for evaluating ventilation efficiency. It presents the effective velocity with regard to purging/diluting a contaminant from a certain point within a room. NEV is determined by the average contaminant concentration and the convection and diffusion fluxes at a particular point. NEV can identify the convection and diffusion effect of contaminant transportation in order to define that concentration at a point using one representative velocity scale. The use of sorptive building materials is an effective way to optimize the ventilation rate and to improve/maintain indoor air quality (IAQ). However, efforts to improve IAQ will necessitate a qualitative and quantitative performance evaluation of building materials. The purpose of this paper is to introduce the concept of new ventilation index NEV and to evaluate the contaminant concentration reduction mechanism of sorptive building materials using the concept of NEV.
Evaluating Validity and Proposal for Process for Building Energy Management System's application in Existing Office Building
Kwak, Ro-Yeul ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 11, 2013, Pages 299~306
In applying BEMS, it is necessary to perform economic evaluation about suggested BEMS technology and have it reflected in decision making process. The purpose of this study is to perform energy audit for a 14-year-old office building, to suggest the most appropriate BEMS technology for energy savings and to conduct economic analysis of BEMS via different levels of application. BEMS technologies intended to increase energy efficiency and operation performance of buildings presented in this study are suggested and typically it is expected that potential saving rate can be rendered up to 37.8%. As a result of economic analysis on about 20 BEMS applications, there were 15 cases where payback period was 5 years or less and on average, it was 0.67 year. And, to justify the extra cost, having taken the following items into account; savings, investment cost by measurement level, maximum establishment alternative, minimum establishment alternative and intermediate establishment alternative, payback periods were calculated to be at 8.04, 6.05, and 6.31 years, respectively, which are the results taking over 5 year payback period. And, the validity evaluation process in case of BEMS application is proposed.
Characteristics and Changes of Residents Awareness on the Residential and Sound Environments in Namwon City and Mokpo City
Han, Myung-Ho ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 11, 2013, Pages 307~318
The purpose of this study is to inquire into the aspects and features of the perceptual differences and temporal changes in residents awareness on the residential and sound environments in two regions. Based on the survey data of two regions, namely Namwon city and Mokpo city, it was analyzed the altered states of residents awareness in a period of ten or three years. It was found that there was no difference on the satisfaction of residential environment in each region. The awareness of Namwon residents in relation to development of the region were expanded to a step further, whereas that of Mokpo residents could not find the considerable changes. Owing to noise increasing caused by urbanization processes in both regions, the changes of awareness that is matching living environment noise with their surrounding environments were higher than in the past. As a result of changes of living environment through urbanization, the assessment of matching in relation to the rural environment sounds in Mokpo city was high. The sounds with a high frequency to preserve in the regions were pansori(traditional Korean narrative song) and ship's whistle respectively. The results found that it was verified the identity of the region through the sounds, and especially nature, tradition, local emotion, lifestyle and geographic location had a major influence on the phenomena and characteristics of sound culture.
Sensitivity Analysis on the Staircase Evacuation Time for Occupant Input Attributes of Evacuation Simulation Tools - Focused on SIMULEX, buildingEXODUS, Pathfinder -
Kim, Hye-Jin ; Lee, Soo-Ho ; Hong, Won-Hwa ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 11, 2013, Pages 319~326
As recent buildings are getting more high-rise and larger, the fire hazard is further increased. As a result, the fire protection design of existing laws has been difficulty in coping with each kind of disaster risk. Since 2009, The Fire-Fighting System Installation Business Act was revised to implement the PBD(Performance based Design) which covers the high-rise building. Under the PBD, Fire and evacuation simulation tool are conducted to verify the safety of plan. The users of simulation tool input the information such as occupant, movement, fire behavior, etc according to the characteristics of the building. However, in case of evacuation simulation tool(SIMULEX, buildingEXODUS, Pathfinder) which is mainly used in domestic, input data is reflected occupant characteristic and kind of using the simulation tool also differ. Therefore, the result of the evacuation time will be different. In this study, common input parameters of SIMUEX, buildingEXODUS, Pathfinder are analyzed. The analyzing parameters are the number of occupant, descent speed and size of body. Each parameters were adjusted equally, and found specific value. The buildingEXODUS has high sensitivity for adjusting parameter. Especially, the parameter related CWT(Cumulative Wait Time) shows stark differences. While other simulation tools(Simulex, Pathfinder) show steady result.