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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Architectural Institute of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 12 - Dec 2013
Volume 29, Issue 11 - Nov 2013
Volume 29, Issue 10 - Oct 2013
Volume 29, Issue 9 - Sep 2013
Volume 29, Issue 8 - Aug 2013
Volume 29, Issue 7 - Jul 2013
Volume 29, Issue 6 - Jun 2013
Volume 29, Issue 5 - May 2013
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Apr 2013
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Mar 2013
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Feb 2013
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Jan 2013
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Classification and its Features of Fabrication Types in Realizing Double-curved Surface of Free Form Architecture
Han, Ji-Yeon ; Kim, Dong-Hyun ; Park, Jung-Dae ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 12, 2013, Pages 3~14
This paper focuses on various methods of fabricating a curved surface of free form architecture and introduces a new approach of classifying the types of the fabrications and utilizing the features of those types. Double curved surface fabrications are classified under 3 categories; dividing type, developing type and pattern type. The matrix of two categories is then, applied to case studies to show clearly the effect and the result of utilizing each fabrication category combination in real building construction, which helps designers find out relevant construction method for the curved surface created. The features of fabrication types are analyzed in this paper regarding model surface by computational programs in order to reveal the factors such as reasonable cost, aesthetic quality and surface continuity. This result will help designers understand better their free form design and its fabrication as well as re-interpret and optimize them.
A Study on Planning of Community Based Child-care Supporting Facility Using Resident Participation
Lim, Yea-Ji ; Lee, Yeun-Sook ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 12, 2013, Pages 15~23
The purpose of this study is to draw a spatial plan of child-care facility that a variety of local stakeholders agreed. The research subject was the child-care facility that fits within the community center which is expected to be built in the regeneration site as a strategic core place for regeneration. The method of study was the resident participated workshop that progressed throughout the 5th, which was planned to seek a plan of agreement among a variety of stakeholders such as child-care family, resident representatives, child-care professionals. Through the 5 rounds workshop process the final agreement was obtained by converging on a variety of planning requirements. This agreement could be used to reduce residents' conflict in the planning process and facilitate professionals to design reflecting the opinion of local residents. Also, it is expected to be effective for residents to play an autonomous role in development and management of child-care facility.
A Study on Design Process Development of the Green Home using an Integrated Design Method - Focusing on example of Zero Carbon Green Home -
Cho, Dong-Woo ; Shin, Sung-Eun ; Yu, ung-Yeon ; Yoon, Yong-Sang ; Kim, Soo-Am ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 12, 2013, Pages 25~32
In energy-saving buildings, unlike the construction technologies of conventional buildings, elemental technologies for implementing building sustainability and green buildings are applied in complex and diverse ways allowing the management elements of construction projects to gradually increase. Further, more efficient project implementation separate from the traditional methods is required to implement the energy-saving buildings due to the high level technology required and the decision-making processes of effective technology application in terms of cost, are also necessary. In this study, we intend to establish an integrated design method and process for high-rise zero-carbon green homes of South Korea and present the analysis results of the construction details and energy performance derived from the effective project implementation. As a result, the final energy performance simulation implemented using the technologies, materials, and details selected by the proposed integrated design method confirmed, in the areas of heating, cooling and lighting as the primary goal of this study, 87% reduction of heating and more than 50% reduction of power, verifying the proposed integrated design process and passive details can be a solution that is applicable to high-rise apartment buildings.
A Study on Evaluation of Shared Space Performance of Apartment from Daily Life Space Aspects
Choi, In-Young ; Park, Soo-Been ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 12, 2013, Pages 35~44
An apartment should be developed not as a cluster of buildings, but as an environmental system, where the residents share common spaces, collectively used and managed them, and rebuild their community. This study focuses on the roles and functions of shared space of apartment as daily life space, and aims at developing evaluation methods of shared space performance from comprehensive perspectives. Results of this study are as below. First, shared space performance of apartment was defined by physical-environmental, living-functional and socio-behavioral dimensions, and the dimensions were established as criteria for evaluation. Second, the final evaluation methods were comprised of 38 evaluation items, including 3 dimensions, 8 attributes and 15 sub-attributes. Third, to calculate weights, a survey by an AHP-based questionnaires was conducted among architects and researchers. Then, by residents' evaluation, the established evaluation method was verified and modified, and accordingly a comprehensive and practical evaluation method was proposed.
An Study on Composition of Backstage in Musical Theaters
Yoo, Jae-Woo ; Lim, Che-Zinn ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 12, 2013, Pages 45~53
The number of actors, orchestra and staffs of Muscial and the spatial composition of backstage of ten musical theaters in Korea are investigated. Ancillary spaces of backstage are categorized into four sections on the aspects of user and uses for the space. Average area and the ratio of each categorized spaces are researched. The largest area of backstage is the space, which is for preparing and for stage set. The unit area of dressing room per a person is changed from
, and the unit area of dressing room is increased propotional to size of theater. Cross-sectional composition of backstage spaces are investigated also.
Experimental Analysis of the Temperature Variation with Layers of the Thatched Roof and the Temperature-Relative Humidity in the Neolithic Um-house
Song, Heon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 12, 2013, Pages 55~62
The Neolithic Dugout Hut(Um house) has not been built by means of the scientific analysis and architectural design, on the other hand it has been improved and constructed through the long life experience. Various materials to build the Um house could have been obtained from the natural resources such as the soil, rock, trees plants and rice straw etc. Especially the soil and Eaung(planted rice straw for the roof cover) have been useful materials for the Um house. The soil has been used for the ground floor and the wall of the house, and the Eaung for the roof cover by which indoor air temp. variation of the Um house could have been minimized as well as the indoor air of the house has been heated by the charcoal brazier located at the center of the ground soil floor. The Um house is not only simple but also convenient for the housing facility. This thermal characteristics of the Um house could be useful for the standardization of Korean type emergency shelter and also of the eco-friendly low energy rural house. The structural configuration and the development process of the Um house were studied by the archaeologists and the architects, whereas the thermal environment of the house was not studied through the scientific analysis. In this study, the Um house was rebuilt through the historical investigation to analyse the thermal characteristics of the Um house. The temperature variation with layer of the conical thatched roof and the indoor air temperature-relative humidity of the Um house with the ambient temperature were experimentally analysed. The results can be summarized as follows; 1. When the ambient temp. was decreased from
, the surface and the middle layer temp. of the Um house roof covered with the rice straw was maintained at
. 2. When the temperature on the surface of the south orientation roof was increased from
, that of the north orientation from
. 3. When the ambient air temp. was lower than
, the relative humidity of the inside air of the Um house was lower 14.6% than of the outside air, whereas when the ambient air temp. was higher than
, the relative humidity of the inside air was higher 14.8% than that of the outside air.
The Proposal & Application of Visual Access and Exposure Model Considering 'the Frequency of the Observer Visit'
Piao, Gen-Song ; Choi, Jaepil ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 12, 2013, Pages 63~70
The purpose of this study is the Proposal of the frequency of the observer's visual access and exposure considering the weighted model. Then application of the model in the physical space of patients with dementia is I try to interpret the preferred location. Concept of the model proposed in this study, was developed under the premise that different probability people to visit depending on the features that the space has any space. Existing visual access and exposure models and qualitative differences that have visual access and exposure to the new proposed model. Therefore, to improve the computational efficiency of the new model corresponding computer application was developed. In addition, the characteristics of patients with dementia positioning the new model to interpret the explanatory power than existing models in order to prove that the existing models and new models of appetite and physical location with dementia correlation analysis using the statistical program SPSS.18 were analyzed. Visual access and exposure model that takes into account weight as the frequency of observation of the correlation diagram analysis results showed a correlation higher than the previous model. Because of the frequency of observer model is considered as the weight was found to be more significant.
A Study on the Application Methods of Le Corbusier's Dom-Ino prototype in Architectural Design
Shin, Dong-Cheol ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 12, 2013, Pages 71~78
This study aims at revealing how Le Corbuiser's Dom-Ino prototype has influenced architects including Le Corbusier himself from the perspective of the ways of architectural design development. To analyse this, firstly it reviews the concept of dom-Ino prototype and the interpretations by architectural theorists. Secondly, it investigates selected projects by modern and contemporary architects including Le Corbusier himself which are regarded as under the major influence by the Dom-ino prototype. Thirdly, it classifies the application methods of the prototype by prominent characteristics in the process of architectural design. As a result it can be concluded that the Dom-Ino prototype has been influential both in direct and indirect ways in the process of architectural design challenging architects to develop their design meeting the needs of not only its architectural programs but also the those of their times.
Comparative Analysis on the Formation and Settlement Process of Residents on Back-to-Farm Community Villages by Development Characteristics
Park, Kyoung-Ok ; Lee, Sang-Un ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 12, 2013, Pages 79~87
The purpose of this study is to make meaningful data for the planning of community villages from the viewpoint of residents. For the study, 3 community villages were comparatively analyzed on the making and settling process with their respective development characteristics. Two villages, Sanneoul village of Seochon and Baekwha village of Yeongdong, were developed by private development company with residents' participation and backed by the government program to support community village formation, and one village, Galjeon village of Sancheong, was developed without that government support program. In-depth interview and qualitative analysis of Nvivo 10.0 were the tools on the 16 households of these 3 villages. The results are as follows. First, the development characteristics accounted for the level of participation of residents in the planning process. Second, the government support program showed not only positive side, but also negative side. Residents felt dissatisfied on the common space plan without sufficient reflection of their needs. Third, residents thought difficult to communicate with neighbors in the course of settlement, but found it not so hard communicating in the common spaces.
A Study on the Awareness Analysis of Modular Han-ok
Lee, Chang-Jae ; Lim, Seok-Ho ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 12, 2013, Pages 89~96
The unit modular Han-ok is often regarded as having lack of formative beauty and traditionality compared to conventional Han-ok even to architectural experts as well as general public. In particular, social preconceptions about prefabricated buildings become an issue in reality. Accordingly, in this study, we intend to investigate the awareness of unit modular Han-ok using actual built up Han-ok Mock-up, and serve the basis for improving the unit modular Han-ok, being able to be utilized in the planning and designing of unit modular Han-ok. Survey participants responded the unit modular Han-ok could be an alternative of new type of Han-ok for its similar shape to conventional Han-ok but was not refined and elegant comparable to the existing one, which needs the improvement of design, construction methods and materials. to compensate for the negative perceptions. In the satisfaction evaluation of physical attributes, it has shown the shape of Han-ok had a significant impact on overall satisfaction, rather than the size or roof of Han-ok, indicating a high correlation with the unit modular Han-ok. The unit modular Han-ok is a construction method that can satisfy the life of modern people while succeeding the formative beauty of traditional Han-ok. In order to spread the modular Han-ok, it is necessary to continuously develop various models based on the needs of users, and construction and transportation methods, and materials to reduce construction costs.
A Study on the Extents of Controversial 'Architectural Plans' within Architectural Works in Korean Copyright Law
Yoon, Choon-Sup ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 12, 2013, Pages 97~104
The definition and extents of architectural works vary from country to country. For instance, Korea, Japan and the US regard architectural works as an independent category of copyright while the UK, Australia, Canada and most European countries do as a sub-category of artistic works. Besides, architectural works include a building and its plans in the US; a building and a building model in the UK; a building only in Japan; and a building, plans and a model in Korea. Moreover, not a single country clearly codifies the definition and extents of architectural works in its copyright legislation. Therefore legal disputes concerning architectural copyright are proceeded without norms and their results are volatile depending upon judges to a great extent. This specific problem is more severe in Korea, where the definition of architectural works is overly brief and vague as it is stated as "a building, models, plans and similar architectural works." In this study, the definition and extents of architectural plans in terms of copyright are analyzed to set their copyrightable norms. In doing so, a prevailing design process was examined and worldwide legal cases concerning architectural copyright were scrutinized. Finally, it is proposed to limit architectural works only to architectural plans (including design sketches) which show the overall form and internal layout. By contrast, construction documents including technical drawings, plans and specifications, with their functional and illustrative nature, should be treated as graphic or literary works rather than architectural works.
A Study on the Commodification of Apartment Brand based on Social Stratification - Focused on Samsung Raemian, GS Xi and Lotte Castle -
Kwon, Hyun-Ah ; Baek, Jin ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 12, 2013, Pages 105~114
The analysis of the brand strategies shows Raemian, Xi, and Lotte Castle intend to meet consumer needs by building their premium image that differentiates themselves from others based on social stratification. Their brand strategies are converged to the stimulation of the desire for social distinction and differentiation. As a result, advertisements have devoted to cover up the most standardized, uniform and inexpensive mass production system of housing type while the residents may only enjoy their apartment's brand image and economic value as housing consumer.
Difference on the Elderly's Residential Environment and Life Satisfaction in the Living Arrangement
Jeong, Jae-Hoon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 12, 2013, Pages 115~122
The purpose of this study is to examine the residential environment and life satisfaction of the elderly in three different types of living arrangement - living alone, living with spouse only and living with grown-up children. Data from the survey of Ministry of Health and Welfare conducted in 2011 were used for the analysis. The subjects of the study included a sample of 9,951 respondents who represent aged 65 and older in Korea. The result of analysis indicated that; First, the ratio of single elderly household who are living alone or living with spouse only continuously increased, in contrast with decreased ratio of living with grown-up children during the past few decades. It means that the social responsibility of supporting the elderly is gradually increasing. Second, 18.7% of the elderly felt uncomfortable in the residential environment, whereas only 2.6% of those thought comfortable. Especially uncomfortable places were the stairs, toilets, jaws, kitchen and dining room, etc. Finally, life satisfaction was the highest among the elderly residing in living with spouse only and declines among those in living with grown-up children and the lowest in living alone. there was a statistically significant difference in the three groups of elderly(p<0.001).
Structural Equation Modeling of Relationship among Apartment Residents' Outdoor Space Use, Neighborhoodship, and Sense of Community
Jang, Dong-Hyun ; Park, Soo-Been ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 12, 2013, Pages 123~130
Apartments or apartment complexes are physically separated from the general local community by way of a gateway; apartment residents also describe them as "our (their) neighborhood." In a previous study, we examined the planning of outdoor space in apartment complexes and its impact on residents' space use behavior. This study aims to validate the relationship among residents' space use behavior, neighborhoodship and sense of community. A literature review and survey research were conducted for the purpose of this study. The meaning of outdoor space, neighborhoodship in Korean Apartments, and the definition and the measurement of Sense of community were reviewed. Three hundred and fifty three residents living in four different apartment complexes were questioned as part of the survey and causal relationship among the planning types, the outdoor space use, neighborhoodship, and sense of community was estimated by the Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). Results showed a significant causal link between the planning types and use of outdoor spaces, use of outdoor space and neighborhoodship, and neighborhoodship and sense of community through the hypothetical models.
A Study on the Characteristics of Planning Factors Applied to the Senior Friendly Apartment Complex
Kim, Suk-Ki ; Lee, Sang-Ho ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 12, 2013, Pages 131~140
The purpose of this study is to analysis the planning characteristics of Segok Rien Park 4th complex at Gangnam-gu which has been developed very first senior apartment by Seoul city. In order for this study, the method is as follows. First, analysing the advanced research of senior apartment and draw analysis items from that. Second, research of senior apartment project in and out of Korea. Also figure out a outdoor rest area and welfare facilities using CAD drawings, E-Brochure, and visiting site. The result of this study is as follows. First, in the case of site plan, the senior apartment is designed with the flow of minimum human traffic compare with other complex because the welfare facilities are located in the middle of complex. But it has a weakness for social exchange with neighbor complex. Second, outdoor plan is well designed along with 5th complex. 4th complex has gate ball place for senior person and there are more health equipment, sport facilities such as acupressure treatment street which is good for senior. only 4th and 5th complex have a water space among the 1st through 5th complex. And it is very unique item in these apartment complex. Third, in the case of welfare facilities 1st to 5th complex have no difference at hall for the elderly even if 4th complex is specially designed for senior apartment. But at 4th complex has one another facility which is senior center. there are rest area, sport room and meeting room in senior center. In conclusion, Rien Park 4th complex which is fist senior apartment in seoul has not enough research for senior behavior and study for senior apartment. So later on it need to study on post occupancy evaluation of senior apartment and more research on senior satisfaction for complex environment.
A Study on the Spatial Properties of Apartment according to Unit Organization
Lee, Sang-I ; Choi, Yoon-Kyung ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 12, 2013, Pages 141~148
The study intends to understand how the various types of unit organization generate different spatial properties in the apartments. For the purpose, various types of apartments are analyzed based on the theory of Space Syntax. In the early stage of Korea, the stair-type and corridor-type of unit organization had appeared more frequently. As the quantity of the apartments became more enlarged, however, the stair-type appeared more dominant due to the general belief that it can provide the living unit more privacy and more living area. On the other hand, the corridor-type have been used more sparsely. More recently, the corridor-type is applied mainly to the apartments consisting of relatively small size living units or the rental based public apartments only. This study has analyzed the spatial properties of some apartments by using the convex analysis method. The analysis of domestic apartments shows that the common spaces of the stair-type apartments are more segregated than those of the corridor-type apartments. By contrast, the selected apartments of other countries designed by architects show various utilization of the common spaces by using diverse interpretations of the relationship between the living units and the common spaces. If the apartments has a chance to employ more diversified interpretation of the unit organization, the study suggest, the apartments can provide the users more profound understanding of the sense of community.
A Study on Proposals of High-Rise High-Dense Public Housing for Detached Housing Residential Area in Seoul - Focusing on national housing complexes in Jangwi-dong -
Gwon, Hun ; Kim, Kyoung-Yon ; Jun, Byung-Kweon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 12, 2013, Pages 149~158
This study was conducted to investigate and analyze national housing complexes constructed in Jangwi during the 1960s. A high-rise high-dense housing type, which is applicable to the current housing condition of the area, is suggested by basing on the results of previous related studies. The following are summaries of points made in the proposal of high-rise high-dense housing architecture to improve the residential environment of Jangwi-dong area: (1)Dilapidated buildings were first selected from the area under study, and a method of sector redevelopment was implemented (2)The proposal attempts to offer a direct open space to the surrounding buildings in relation with the passageway and stairs of existing buildings by forming a new open space in passageways (3) Space for pedestrians and vehicles is separated by installing a common parking lot in basement space and by constructing pedestrian passages within complexes (4) A new common space is formed within housing complexes by actively utilizing the space of the front entrance and interior hallways in each housing unit and by activating the function of balcony, which is connected to the hallway assigned to each housing unit and (5)Low-rise high-dense architecture is developed to secure extra space between buildings and to protect the invasion of daylight and privacy, which may be caused by a close arrangement of buildings. An inner court, which is created by an open hallway, is utilized to secure daylight and a scenic view.
Tectonic Quality Analysis of Martin Rauch's Works Focused on Ecological Characteristics of Earth Architecture
Kim, Soon-Wung ; Cho, Seong-Jin ; Choi, Il ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 12, 2013, Pages 159~167
Martin Rauch mainly used earth for sustainable ecological architecture. This study aimed to identify Martin Rauch's ecological characteristics by analyzing his representative works. Martin Rauch's six works well-presenting ecological characteristics were selected, and their tectonic quality was analyzed. Four key elements of tectonic quality were emerged as follows: material, structure, site, and light. For sustainable ecological architecture, Martin Rauch emphasized material and materiality, structural characteristics, correlation between building and context, and structural identity of light through earth architecture. Those demonstrate the representative examples of modernized earth architecture.
Studies about Relationships between Trends of Architecture in 1980~1990s and Modern Architecture
Hahn, Suh-Yung ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 12, 2013, Pages 169~180
Modern architecture revived again in 1990s against series of death by its opponents, Postmodernism and Deconstructivism. Though it is very interesting phenomenon, there were not many serious analyses about this rebirth of Modernism. This thesis will chase and analyse various theories and related categorizations by architectural historians and cultural theorists in broader extents. In doing so, this analyses will reveal various layers about characteristics of 1980~1990s modern architecture and its rebirth. It will also gives comprehensive understanding about the dynamic historical relations among Modernism, Postmodernism, Deconstructivism and architecture in 1980~1990.
The Architectural Characteristics of Mu-Cheom-Dang(無添堂) Extension
Jang, Sun-Joo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 12, 2013, Pages 181~188
The purpose of this research is to determine the architectural characteristic of Mu-cheom-dang by paying attention to how context, condition of land and existing building were understood and approached by Lee, Eun-juk, who is a philosopher, Confucian scholar, and architect, when he built Mu-cheom-dang in anch'ae. Reinterpreting the existing condition of land, Lee, Eun-juk put Mu-cheom-dang turned about 25 degrees to the south-west from the left-side of the anch'ae for setting up the symbolical axis representing Yeokang Lee's chongga. Moreover, he applied the kan module of 2,200mm (the module was not generally used in a house of the upper class, but applied to the anch'ae) to 3-kan Taechong-maru of Sarangbang in Mu-cheom-dang. Therethrough, he expressed a plan-proportion of 1:
which was referred to as the most ideal form. Also the kan module was applied to hyangdan of Yeokang Lee's chongga and the plan-proportion of 1:
was made again. Furthermore, Mu-cheom-dang shows the proportion of esthetical figure, which is similar to the rule of other traditional buildings having proper balance, such as 1:1.2 mutual ratio between the height from the head of base to the underside of eaves and the height from the underside of eaves to the top of roof, 1:1.02 mutual ratio between the average length between columns and the height of the columns and 0.49 mutual ratio between the height of the base and the height of the column. from these facts it can be understood that Mu-cheom-dang was built by his inbuilt sence of beauty of proportion. Finally, through the extending build of Mu-cheom-dang, his plan of making the symbolical axis representing Yeokang Lee's chongga later led the hyangdan and the sadang of Mu-cheom-dang to follow the asix. For that reason it is understood that the extending build of Mu-cheom-dang became the foundation for establishing the identity of the head family.
A Study on the Characteristic of the Ornament in Islamic Architecture
Sim, Bok-Gi ; Yu, Jai-Deuk ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 12, 2013, Pages 189~196
1400 years ago, the history of islam begins after the hijrah. Islamic architecture, the birth of islam, since Muhammad is begins the prophet's house. The same is true of islamic ornament. Islamic architecture has a strong religious significance. The majority of islamic architectural elements have a close relationship as islam, Muhammad and the quran. Ummah of islam and the provisions of these ideas that make more public acts. The beginning of the islamic ornament is a surrounding areas, traditional architecture and traditional decoration. As islam is here, in addition to the original decoration was transformed. The islamic ornament is a religious and scientific. islamic ornament has religious significance and The ornamental design made documents by a scientific theorem. So that future generations of muslims who have ancestors used was to inherit. Islamic ornament is a aesthetic. Islamic ornament is repeated indefinitely has the features to be deployed. However, it is also not simple nor boring. It is visually beautiful and still can feel the three dimensional effect. In addition, each decorated with a place to use ornament pattern between the order has decided. Finally, islamic ornament is characteristic of modernity. Islamic ornament, after the birth, have not changed the default greatly. But, that can be used in modern decor is valid. In addition, islamic ornament, islamic regions beyond, is an advantage that you can use the world.
Construction of Sin-Seonwonjeon Shrine and Transformation of Deoksoogung and Changdeokgung Palaces' Area During King Kojong's Funeral
Chang, Pil-Gu ; Jeon, Bong-Hee ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 12, 2013, Pages 197~208
After king Kojong's death on 21 Jan 1919, Hyodeokjeon, his ritual shrine in Deoksoogung, was moved to Changdeokgung, and Kojong's portrait was enshrined into Sin-Seonwonjeon with other 10 portraits of former kings. Moreover, these two events are closely related to the changes of Palace areas of Deoksoogung and Changdeokgung. As funeral facilities in Deoksoogung were emptied and destructed and Kojong's daughter and concubines left the palace, these areas were divided and the ownership of the land was scattered afterward. On the other hand, Sin-Seonwonjeon and Euihyojeon, moved from Deoksoogung, were reconstructed in the former military base, which was newly added to the Changdeokgung area at that time. And new king Soonjong's daily schedule was focused only on the funeral of Hyodeokjeon, the ritual shrine of his father Kojong, which was moved to Changdeokgung. Most important thing is that those occasions were held during the king Kojong's funeral. This notion differs from former researches in which Deoksoogung had been disposed gradually after Kojong's death. Then, Changdeokgung came to the sole living place for Joseon royal family, and King Soonjong's role was confined to performing traditional ancestral rites.
Three-Dimensional Urban Planning: Double Use Zoning Methods in Japan
Hong, Suk-Ho ; Kim, Sei-Yong ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 12, 2013, Pages 209~217
Fast paced urbanization has raised property values and increased populations but provisions of infrastructure have not adequately followed demand. This issue has created a poor and inadequate city center environment. Resulting are ever rapidly increasing property values, scarcity of further infrastructure expansion and other difficulties for related industries. The current reality is that transport planners do not have standardized methods to maintain a diversity of living space. Especially in light of the dynamic changes occurring in the global economy, the existing working methods are beginning to show their limitations. Japan passed the 'Double Use Road' regulation in 1989, later on the 'Double Use Park' law along with various other laws and regulations regarding the forms of urban space. The application of these regulations towards urban space showed a great degree of flexibility in regards to public and private partnership as these reforms were done in consultation with owner to ensure that the securing of infrastructure went smoothly. This study carried out an inquiry and analysis of the double use zoning designation in urban planning with Japan as its main case study. Relevant laws and regulations were systematically categorized. Additionally, the application of double use zoning was briefly analyzed in its application as a tool for revitalization, which henceforth will prove of vital importance in Korea.
Analytical Study of the Influences of the Urban Plans and Guidelines on the Urban Scapes of the LoDo Historic Area in 2000s
Kim, So-Ra ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 12, 2013, Pages 219~229
This paper is the analytical case study of the Lower Downtown Historic Area in Denver, USA. From railroad boomtown to derelict warehouse district to trendy historic neighborhood, Lower Downtown (LoDo) is highly acclaimed as a successful urban rehabilitation implemented by a combination of visionary leadership and exquisite urban plans. Especially LoDo neighborhood plans and guidelines contribute solidifying the current historic cityscape. The strength of the plan and guidelines lies in defining the LoDo's historic context and establishing detailed strategies of "being in the context" of the new buildings. The plans stress on the context collectively composed by the unique scale of the historic buildings. Consequently the consecutiveness of the mass, height and width of the buildings seen on streets is the prime scenary to be kept and inherited to the new building. And this is to secure enclosure of the urban street walls perceived at street level, which is the urban heritage of the historic city.
A Study on the Carbon Emissions Calculation from Old Buildings Downtown Area
Choi, Jeong-Man ; Oh, Dae-Seok ; Kim, Hyung-Do ; Choi, Ki-Sun ; You, Young-Chan ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 12, 2013, Pages 231~238
In this study, the carbon emissions from old buildings in selected regions of the Masan downtown area were estimated. Recently, there has been research on the carbon emissions in cities and metropolitan areas in Korea. However, there has not been any related research focusing on specific areas of a city containing severely old buildings for the purpose of urban regeneration. As for the IPCC guideline, which is used to estimate the carbon emission based on the amount of energy used by the target area, data on public energy sources can be easily obtained and utilized, whereas it is difficult to make an accurate estimation of the individual energy sources. The carbon emission calculation method of using the basic unit of nationwide and regional areas is deemed inappropriate for predicting the energy consumption pattern in an old city center as they are average estimates of carbon emissions from the entire nation and metropolitan areas. In order to reflect the characteristics of the buildings in an old city center, representative buildings were selected and a field survey was conducted in order to perform an energy simulation. The carbon emissions from the buildings, classified according to their purpose and year of construction, were estimated and the resulting values were multiplied by the gross floor area of buildings of the same pattern as a means to estimate the total carbon emission.
A Sequence Landscape Analysis for the Management of Urban Landscapes
Kim, Ja-Eun ; Park, Jeong-Woo ; Lee, Sung-Ho ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 12, 2013, Pages 239~247
A shift of paradigm for the environment-friendly green city facilitates enhancement of the image of natural-friendly city through the policy on the urban landscape management. In this respect, the systematic management for the balance of natural landscapes and building heights is the primary means for the image of natural-friendly city. However, the height restriction of buildings to preserve the natural landscapes inevitably causes the conflicts of stakeholders. For this reason, the necessity of the quantitative landscape analysis based on the understanding of landscape characteristics is required. Therefore, this paper suggests the sequence sight-surface-analysis, which modifies the limits of sight-surface-analysis and identifies the spatial interrelationships between scenic elements. It is considered significant in that the sequence sight-surface-analysis is a quantitative approach to the sequence landscapes and reflects the phenomenal landscapes which we usually experience. Lastly, it calculates the heights of buildings in accordance with the flow of natural landscapes and provides the multifaceted urban landscape management policies.
A Study on Revitalization of Early Modern Industrial Buildings of Shanghai in China
Lee, In-Hee ; Yoo, Jae-Woo ; Kang, Sung-Woong ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 12, 2013, Pages 249~258
Responsible urban space and sustainable social relation should be facilitated with regeneration of urban space. Early modern industrial buildings in Shanghai, constructed with foreign capital and high technology during concession period, have important values of regeneration. Creative industry complex in Shanghai has attracted with high-end modern service enterprises, functioning as a platform for communication and development of the creative industry with regenerated industrial buildings. Purpose of this study is to analyze the socio-geographical relation of 159 modern industrial buildings and 116 creative industrial complexes, which are distributed in Shanghai urban area. Functions of early modern industrial buildings and creative industry complexes are analyzed by 5 districts including modern industrial area, Suzhou riverside area and other specific urban areas.
Relationships between Construction Business Cycles and Crimes
Heo, Ja-Yun ; Gu, Dong-Hwan ; Jung, Chang-Mu ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 12, 2013, Pages 259~266
The purpose of this study was to analyze the impact of construction business cycles in architectural sector on crimes in Korea. Literatures on correlations between architecture industry and crimes have mostly focused on artificial environmental factors such as CPTED and etc.. But role of architectural construction for crime prevention, or impacts on other social pathologies, should not be ignored, taking its high employment effect into consideration. Earlier works about factors causing crimes found that the unemployed are easy to commit a crime. In this perspective, construction business, especially architectural sector, might be a solution since it offers plentiful temporary positions and jobs for unskilled workers on construction sites. It can be explained by "Anomie Theory" and "Rational Choice Theory". This study examines empirically the influence of fluctuation in construction business market on criminality using Granger Causality Test and Error Correction Model with annual construction expenses and crime rates data from 1990 to 2011 in Korea. All factors were tested statistically for reliability with unit root test(ADF test) and cointegration test(Johanson cointegration test). On the two estimated models, results showed that upturn of construction business contributed to reducing crimes, one of social pathological problems caused by unemployment. Also, on Impulse-Response Analysis, there were significant short and long-run effects on 5 major crimes by expenditure of architectural construction industries. This outcome implies that the construction business has a social role for maintaining public stability. It would be for shedding new light on the importance of architectural construction industry in terms of creating jobs for unskilled and temporary workers liable to commit crimes.
Study on the Evaluation of Amenity and Physical Characteristic of Air-conditioning Systems Applying Fluctuation Characteristic of Natural Wind
Kang, Ki-Nam ; Song, Doo-Sam ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 12, 2013, Pages 267~275
The fluctuation characteristic of airflow is on of the important factors to influence the indoor thermal environment and human thermal comfort, which attracts researchers' interest in these years. Therefore the ultimate goal of these papers is to complement the shortcomings of conventional air-conditioning systems by using the air flow fluctuation characteristics of natural wind so as to achieve comfortable and energy-saving air conditioning control. accordingly written the control mode that can plan the nature wind characteristic that analyzed a characteristic, and returned in triumph of the conventional air-conditioning system through laboratory measurement. Executed correlation analysis with a thermal sensation of a subject's vote and air-conditioning, a related physical element (temperature, wind velocity, turbulent intensity etc.) through subjects experiment regarding a nature wind recurrence air-conditioning mode. Controlled the results of the air-conditioning system that reappeared nature wind and wrote algorithm. Finished nature wind recurrence control algorithm corresponding to a thermal sensation change of a resident along a change in time through the subjects experiment that was planned in order to ensure recurrence anger of control algorithm written.
Calculation Method of Window Energy Performance considering Heating and Cooling Load in Multi-family Housing
Choe, Yun-Jeong ; Jo, Jae-Hun ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 12, 2013, Pages 277~286
The purpose of this study is to develop integrated energy performance evaluation methods of windows in Korean by considering heating and cooling load of buildings. First, this study investigated physical factors of the windows that having influence upon heating and cooling load of buildings and looked into the calculation methods of the energy performances of the windows. Based on this, integrated energy performance evaluation schemes and processes for windows were established. According to the evaluation process, this paper set the conditions required at each stage and derived data. Finally, this study derived integrated energy performances formulas and methods of the windows suitable for Korean context.
Indoor Air Flow Pattern in the Mixed-Use Apartment with Double Window System
Cheong, Chang-Heon ; Kim, Tae-Yeon ; Leigh, Seung-Bok ; Hwang, Seok-Ho ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 12, 2013, Pages 287~296
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the ventilation performance of Double Window System in the mixed-use apartment by CFD simulation. The average indoor air speed and PMV are the performance indicators of the study. Indoor air speed and PMV of target building is determined and compared in each case of double window and single window. According to the preliminary analysis of the air flow transmission through each window system in the pressure difference of 10 Pa, double window system shows the larger range of airflow than the conventional project type window system. When the double window system implemented to the mixed-use apartment, indoor air speed increased to 127% in the maximum ventilation mode. In minimum ventilation mode, indoor air speed is 67% of project window system. In the respect of thermal comfort, PMV slightly reduced by 0 ~ 0.2 with the increased air flow speed by the application of double window system. These results indicate the restricted usefulness of the double window system in the respect of the occupants' thermal perception.
Evaluation of Energy Performance for Building Energy Management System in Office Buildings Using Efficiency Class of EN 15232 Standard
Kwak, Ro-Yeul ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 12, 2013, Pages 297~304
In order to save buildings' operation energy, BEMS, recently, has been introduced actively and through evaluating energy performance quantitatively on BEMS operated buildings, energy characteristics and efficiency information of building can be understood and that it makes it possible to present alternatives to improve energy performance of the buildings. In this study, based on efficiency factors of building systems, EN 15232 standard's applicability on Korean buildings can be evaluated through BACS efficiency class. There is a questionnaire survey for building energy management team to see whether BACS & TBM functions in EN standard can be applied to buildings in Korea. It has often been discovered that some of the detailed control functions available in Korea should be modified in parts and sometimes in whole and this in turn leads to possibilities that EN Standard can be applied to buildings in Korea. Against buildings in this study, it is found that ratio of control function classified BACS efficiency factor for advanced and high-energy performance systems ranges around 54-66% marks and result of overall BACS efficiency class is C - D class. So, there is a need to improve the level of the building. As a result of statistical analysis of paired samples for t-test in order to find out correlations of similar control functions items between EN 15232 standard's result and former study's result, it is found that there are some significant correlations between the items.
An Analysis of Credit Distribution on Assessment Items of Green Building Certification System for Multi-residential Buildings
Lee, Sung-Ok ; Bae, Cheol-Hak ; Cho, Dong-Woo ; Park, Ah-Reum ; Mok, Seon-Soo ; Lee, Sang-Ho ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 12, 2013, Pages 305~316
The purpose of this study is to analyze problems and suggest improvements the distribution characteristics of credits for assessment items evaluated by Green Building Certification System(GBCS). The grade distribution works of four accreditation authorities were searched for grading distribution by performance item for 170 cases from July 2010 to June 2012. It was revealed that 'unequal distribution', in which only certain grading was focused on 6 items amongst the entire 38 performance items, and 'no-grading', in which specific grading was not shown occurred on 3 items. Items in which both 'unequal distribution' and 'no grading' were generated include on 11 performance items. The items shown in unequal distribution at the highest point is not likely to reach the criteria having discrimination from others, and the items at the lowest point seems to be difficult to have reality. Without the highest and lowest point, a phenomenon of some gathered specific points show that general used method is applied for utilizing. The results of this study will be applied to the foundation data for revising the criteria of G-SEED, and the significance of this study is to activate the system and establish the foundation.