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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Architectural Institute of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 12 - Dec 2013
Volume 29, Issue 11 - Nov 2013
Volume 29, Issue 10 - Oct 2013
Volume 29, Issue 9 - Sep 2013
Volume 29, Issue 8 - Aug 2013
Volume 29, Issue 7 - Jul 2013
Volume 29, Issue 6 - Jun 2013
Volume 29, Issue 5 - May 2013
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Apr 2013
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Mar 2013
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Feb 2013
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Jan 2013
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Development of the Traffic Noise Barrier Wall Panels with a Photovoltaic System
Lee, Sang-Jin ; Lee, Wung-Hyun ; Ock, Jong-Ho ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 3, 2013, Pages 3~10
Technologies for solar power, an alternative energy source to the fossil fuel, became the main part in developing renewable energy resources. Building Integrated Photovoltaic (BIPV) is the most representative technology to use solar power, which produces energy by applying the integrated solar device to the building's window, rooftop or external wall. As traffic noise barriers are commonly constructed around urban roads passing through the cities, it is required to develop the new technology to produce solar power by attaching solar cells to them. While Japan and the United States have already built a noise barrier with solar cell, Korea has not developed relevant technologies yet. This study investigates foreign cases of solar cell applications to noise barriers, analyzes its design, and proposes the applicable technology in Korea.
Empirical Analysis and Tool Development of a Survey for Organizing Urbanized Fishing Village which is a Type of Mauelmandeulgi - Focused on Cheongsapo, Haeundae-gu, Busan -
Cho, Youn-Kyung ; Woo, Shin-Koo ; Eom, Boong-Hoon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 3, 2013, Pages 11~20
This study focuses on finding factors which should be investigated for Urbanized Fishing Village Control System. The purpose is to build and generalize the survey method with the case of Cheongsapo where is a kind of Urbanized Fishing Village. The survey was conducted with 100 visitors and 100 residents. The results are as follows. First, the survey item should be related with in accordance with types of Maeulmandeulgi which varies with resident's participation. Second, multidirectional approaches are needed because Urbanized Fishing Village has dual-function of a city and fishing village. Third, proper observation should be conducted when a survey is not enough to get objective data. Lastly, numerical value can be used in making survey questions for getting exact data. These data is needed not only for planning but also for post evaluation.
A Study on the Spacial Connecting and Separating Technique in Japanese Town Scale Complex Building
Cho, Soon ; Kim, Young-Hoon ; Lim, Soo-Young ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 3, 2013, Pages 21~30
The town scale complex buildings has many functions and facilities in variety because it is needed various social needs and request. As a result, we can notice various social facilities, such as offices, housings, hotels, hospital, commercial centers and museum or art gallery in town scale complex buildings. But we also inquire how so many similar or different functions are connected and separated in logical way without conflicting each other. In this study, it is revealed that the technique of spatial connection is mainly done by adapting multi purpose commercial zone and intermediating spaces such as plaza, bridges, and it is also leaded to the technique of composition or separation of different-use spaces in same site.
A Study on the Features of the Plan in Contemporary Houses in according to the Inflow of the External Space - Focused on the Exhibition 'The Un-Private House', MoMA, New York -
Seol, Yoo-Kyung ; Lee, Sang-Ho ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 3, 2013, Pages 31~40
This study clarifies how the alteration through the inflow of the external space can be assimilated to the internal space. The inflow of the external space into the internal space is in contemporary architecture already widely accepted. For this purpose, ways of the inflow will be classified at first into three types: 'open space', 'semi open space' and 'closed space'. Then these will be divided in turn, by applying them to the plan, into several subtypes according to the particular open space. The features of surface, in which not only the physical but also the nonphysical relation such as the permeability of glass are considered, should be analysed. To grasp the features of the influence of the inflow of the external space, following things will be illustrated: ways of space division, ways of demarcation, the relational structure between spaces, ways of the inflow and the relation of the inflow elements to space characters. Therefore the relation between the internal and the external space, ways of controlling of the inflow elements and utilization plans will be revealed. This analysis about the influence of the inflow of the external space can be applied as a manual for designing contemporary houses in respect of the logical relation of causality.
Based on the Building Users, Fundamental Research in the Development of Energy Demand Forecasting and Evaluation Methods
An, Kwang-Ho ; Kim, In-Seong ; Choi, Yong-Seok ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 3, 2013, Pages 41~48
With growing concerns of global warming, there are increasing demands for accurate quantitative calculation of building energy consumption. Recent studies for the calculation mainly focuses on the weather and geometric information of a building and its HVAC system. However, this paper argues that divers human activities which consume energy in the building need to be considered and simulated for the accurate calculation and prediction. For the validation of this assumption, the research selected two samples of existing building unites and compared the result of new simulation methodology considering specific human activities with that of Energy-plus, a prevailing tool for building energy simulation. Behavior pattern algorithm of building users was established and utilized for more accurate calculation of energy consumption. In the end, the research could show that the result by this new methodology was closer to the real data of selected samples than that of conventional methodology of building energy simulation.
Characterization of Interface Users Regarding the Intelligent Space of the Cities
Kim, Mi-Yun ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 3, 2013, Pages 49~59
Intelligent spaces, which utilize Information Technology, emerge in current cities. Accordingly, changes in living environment, like cities being dense and buildings becoming higher, rises problems with the use, management and service in the city. Therefore, information support is necessary to quickly react to changes. Also the importance of interfaces to deliver information becomes a big issue because of the growth of the latent interest and desire of information users and the expansion of information field. The current research and development about interface mostly focuses on technical parts like the way to interact and the type of display, but the practical and user-friendly part of interface such as the suggestion of the way to manage and utilize the interface and the development of how to make the interface more convenient for users in intellectual city space. As the threshold linking two different environments and the area of direct interaction with users, the interface could be the centric concept of the future information environment that summarize the characteristics of the future information world which will be represented as more multi-functional, digitalized, dignified and emotional. Therefore, the goal of this research, within the develop of the future environment of the interface, would be to find out the way to develop and analyze requests from users which is how to apply the interface more properly in our real world while considering the relationship between intellectualized space and user.
The Development of Data Model for Open BIM-Based Schematic Estimates - Focused on Construction Type for Actual Cost of Public Projects -
Kim, Han-Joon ; Choi, Jung-Sik ; Kim, Han-Saem ; Kim, In-Han ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 3, 2013, Pages 61~70
Recently, Buildings have been ordered larger, more complicated, and free form design. So the adoption of BIM technology is in creasing the demand for large and complex construction of information for efficient management and utilization. Properties of BI M model can be used to automatically calculate quantities information in estimates field. This characteristic is expected to have a significant effect for the accuracy and reliability of the construction Cost estimates. This research is to develop a data model for Open BIM-based estimates to ensure accuracy and reliability, and improve interoperability of information. So studies of the overv iew of BIM-based QTO and estimates were researched. Also domestic and foreign BIM-based QTO and estimates case research were analyzed to draw out the implications to find a solution to the problems. Necessary properties requirements were drawn out by analyzing IDM and IFC spec was drawn out by analyzing MVD. Through these a method for Open BIM-based estimates wa s proposed. Also, to increase the application of the construction information classification system, domestic and foreign application of construction information classification systems were researched and analyzed. From the domestic research utilization the constr uction type classification of Public Procurement Service was selected as the most effective classification system and was applied. In addition "Code Generator" was developed and Pilot test model was applied to verify the data model and the availability of req uirements was reviewed. With the variety of construction information classification systems that exist in the domestic constructio n industry, the method from this research can be applied into the domestic practical field.
Quantitative Analysis of Urban District Centers and Community Spheres Using GIS, A Case Study in Jeonju City - Focused on Analyzing Land Prices and Major Facilities of Communities -
Lee, Dae-Il ; Jang, Han-Doo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 3, 2013, Pages 71~81
The constitution of urban district centers and community spheres is useful to plan community unit for regeneration of urban residential areas, and the methods of organization is important. This study has two objectives: (1) to present methods to identify urban district centers and community spheres in small and medium sized cities and (2) to suggest evaluation index standards to construct them. In this study, geographical information system (GIS) was used and several steps were followed. At first, the expected urban district centers were discovered by investigating land prices and numbers of major facilities in Jeonju city. Second, time series regression model was considered to find out the final urban district centers with analyzing relationship between land prices and distance to expected urban district. Third, the evaluation method and index standards were proposed to plan urban districts and communities in small and medium sized cities. Overall, the results of this study demonstrated that this evaluation process and results are helpful to restructure urban planning system by constructing urban district centers and community spheres.
A Study on the Characteristics of Spatial Factors of the Circulation System at the Mixed-Use Commercial Buildings
Kim, Chan-Ju ; Kong, Eun-Mi ; Kim, Young-Ook ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 3, 2013, Pages 83~92
The purpose of this study is to examine the spacial factors of circulation system on the mixed-use commercial buildings. The buildings studies are located in Hong Kong and Gangzhou, China. This study adopted literature review, drawing analysis and field study. The result of the literature search shows that the shoppers' circulation system are affected mainly by 6 factors : 'the access to and from the streets', 'the access from the MTR', the 'Central Space (central node)', the 'Welcome Space (entrance node)', 'the pattern of horizontal passages', and 'the vertical escalators and lifts'. The analysis of the factors of the buildings indicates as follows. Firstly, 'the access to and from the streets, and 'the access from the MTR' are affected by pedestrian volume in the facilities. Secondly, the 'Central Space (central node)' and the 'Welcome Space (entrance node) increase the visibilities which help people to recognize the whole layout of the buildings. Finally, 'the pattern of horizontal passages' is affected by the size and location of the 'Central Space (central node). In addition the vertical elements likes escalator, express-escalator, lifts enhance the role of the 'Central Space(central node). The result suggest that the above 6 factors are the key components which activate the mixed-use commercial buildings.
A Study on the Space Design for the Adaption of Healthcare Services to the Residential Space
Park, Jung-Ah ; Kwon, Yoon-Ji ; Lee, Ji-Eun ; Yoon, Young-Ho ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 3, 2013, Pages 93~100
The purpose of this study is to derive the concept of "senior-friendly healthcare space". For doing this, this study establishes the conceptual range of "senior-friendly healthcare space" through analysis of previous studies and cases. Also, those design concepts and methods of healthcare space derived previously were verified by the expert survey. The results are as follows; first, the model of residential space concentrated on healthcare system is needed. Second, it is essential to focus on the sustainability and low-cost of healthcare services to improve the residential environment of the public rental housing. Third, the public space that can support healthcare of elderly people is important and the basic direction of public space is required to design different scale depending on the local environment. In addition, the basic direction of dwelling unit space is needed to organize with regard to personal characteristics such as the independence degree of elderly people and cohabitant.
A Study on Applying Environmental Impact Assessment on Large Building - Focused on the Environmental Impact Assessment Act to Revise -
Park, Ki-Bum ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 3, 2013, Pages 101~108
Global warming is a large problem that requires new solutions which include environmentally sound and sustainable development on buildings. Despite the regulations to minimize the impact on the environment from the buildings, applying the environmental impact assessment on large buildings is still under consideration by the ministry of environment. Therefore the purpose of this study is to analyze the problem when applying the environmental impact assessment on large building and to search for alternatives based on the perspective of related regulations, architecture, environment, economy, and etc. This paper reports that applying the environmental impact assessment on buildings causes some problems which are the overlapping assessment items between environmental impact assessment act and other related regulations, confusions in administrative procedures, and economic loss of the project. This report proposes short and long-term institutional improving alternatives. The short term alternative is revising regulations related with environmental impact assessment items. The long term and macroscopic solution is applying green building certification on large buildings as mandatory, it will enhance the sustainable development, the economic growth on the architectural industry, and the export the assessment system abroad.
A Study on the Characteristics Analysis of the Site Plan of Complex Funeral Facilities in Korea
Kim, Jin-Ah ; Kim, Yong-Seung ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 3, 2013, Pages 109~116
Today, Korean funeral facilities are now built with a combination of crematorium, charnel house and funeral. This study aims to understand and find out the characteristics of the site plan of complex funeral facilities in Korea. In doing so, it analyzes the circulations of users such as the family of the deceased and visitors to their charnel house in the complex and explores the degree of the visual blockage between the crematorium and charnel house. The conclusion of this study is as follows; First, the circulation of the family of the deceased has to be separated with the circulation of the visitors to their charnel house. Second, it is imperative to plan the visual blockage between the crematorium and charnel house by natural landscape or artificial design. It is supposed to contribute towards a new architectural planning model in terms of the site plan for complex funeral facilities in Korea.
A Survey on Priority of Elements of Development of BIM Template for Small and Middle Architectural Design Firms
Kang, Hye-Jung ; Moon, Se-Young ; Lee, Sang-Heon ; Jun, Han-Jong ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 3, 2013, Pages 117~124
Recently, BIM technology in domestic AEC industry was mainly introduced by the government. However, small and middle architectural design firms still have trouble using BIM for their tasks, which means it is necessary to develop specific plans and methods to encourage them to adopt BIM. To do this, BIM templates are being researched and developed, and it becomes even more necessary to find out the demands of users in the field in order to develop more practical tools. This study mainly aims at finding out the necessary demands for developing BIM-based architecture tools. This research conducted surveys of hands-on experts in architecture firms by following three steps, and analyzed the responses by AHP methods to figure out their preferences in the demands and possible directions to support them. The results from this analysis can be applied in developing BIM template to improve its completeness.
A Study on the Safer Parks using CPTED Principles
Kang, Seok-Jin ; Park, Mi-Rang ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 3, 2013, Pages 125~134
A recent crime statistics shows that the crimes in parks have increased for past ten years. However, the safety issue in park has not covered seriously by scholars and citizen. The purpose of this study is to examine the status of park safety and to suggest the appropriate strategies for safer park using CPTED principles. For this study, we used two data sets conducted by field study for parks and by survey questionnaire for park visitors in Seoul. A total of 67 parks were selected for on-site visit and 1,000 park visitors were collected using convenience sampling in Seoul. The results showed that violent assault, theft, sexual offense, and robbery were happened in parks. In spite of the criminal statistics, park visitors expressed their satisfaction with park facilities. However, the result of field study points out that most of parks lack standard of quantity on lighting, intensity of illumination, and maintenance policy for lighting. Finally, based on CPTED principles, this study suggests an enhancement of natural/ mechanical surveillance for safer park. The detailed policy implications and strategies will be discussed in the context.
A Study on the Method of Revitalization for the Urban Public Benefit Square
Han, So-Hyun ; Jeon, Young-Hoon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 3, 2013, Pages 135~146
This study aims to clarify the method of revitalization for the urban public benefit square. From the viewpoint of the citizens welfare and space security, the construction of high-qualified public square is very important problem. For this purpose, this study researched and analyzed well-constructed domestic and foreign case studies of public squares, and then tried to deduce concrete conditions of construction methods of revitalization. As the result of it, I could find three standpoints of conditions for the revitalized square, and each of those are urban context point, architectural planning & design point and synthetic point. For the urban context point, the conditions and details for the location of square, facade design of adjacent buildings and pedestrian's circulation system should be considered as basic elements, and for the architectural design point, the problem of dimensions, formations of space and site arrangement is in need of good design. And finally for the synthetic point of conditions, the diversity of programs as a software for activities and events of square, the influx of public movement, and establishment of transition area and border space is the clue for the successful construction process.
An Analysis of Design Factors for Street's Placeness and Revitalization in Sidewalk Cafes
Kim, Dong-Chan ; Choi, Woo-Young ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 3, 2013, Pages 147~154
The purpose of this study is to provide the required basic data and suggestions when creating guidelines for sidewalk-cafes. Therefore, in this study, design elements of sidewalk-cafes have been derived and importance of each design element has been analyzed mainly in the differences between the recognition of experts and users. As a result, first, awareness, interest, utilization, and importance of experts were higher than that of the user's. Second 'Aesthetics' was a design element that was considered as the most important by users and 'aesthetics', 'accessibility', 'identity' were design elements those were considered as important by the experts. Third five factors such as 'accessibility', 'aesthetics', 'identity', 'convenience', and 'environmental' had been derived factor analysis of users, and 'environmental', 'identity', 'accessibility', and 'aesthetics' had been derived factor analysis of experts. Finally the results of a regression analysis of full-importance and importance of specific design factors showed that important factors of users were 'aesthetics', 'accessibility', 'convenience', and important factors of experts were 'accessibility', 'identity', 'aesthetics'. Thus, the importance of users was located on the side to use sidewalk-cafes. On the other hand, the importance of experts was located on the side of the placeness and revitalization of the street.
A Study of Temporary Housing Design with Unit Modular Method
Song, Young-Hak ; Wang, Woo-Chul ; Lim, Seok-Ho ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 3, 2013, Pages 155~162
The natural disaster and the human-sourced hazard such as terror are under the tendency to increase these days. Korea is always around the corner of the local and national war caused by the South-North relation: the military attack on Yeonpyeong Island in 2010 as a typical example. The residents damaged from the attack lived at the neighbored temporary housing for around one year. In case the natural or human-made disaster as such occurs, the refugees need the space where they have to reside temporarily during the repair of existing houses or rebuilding. This study purposes to correct the problems occurring in the process of plan and operation of domestic temporary housing, and to present a plan for the prototype meeting the characteristics of temporary housing. This study sets the space performance of temporary housing by considering the minimum residence standard for the resident, and makes a plan for the Korea-style temporary housing to maximize the expandability and variability by considering a construction method befitting the characteristics of the housing.
A Study on the Contemporary Memorial Architecture - Focused on the Definition of Memoriality and the Design Method for the Memorial Architecture -
Joo, Hak-You ; Jeon, Young-Hoon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 3, 2013, Pages 163~172
The purpose of this study is to define the concept of 'memoriality' as the counter concept of 'monumentality', to analyze the characteristics of contemporary memorial architecture, and finally to research the new design methods of this architecture. The concept of 'memorialilty' is based on the etymological meanings of a 'memory'. It contains an inherent nature of human behaviors which was based on the 'remembrance and writing' rather than a product of the monumental construction of something. From this point of view, this study analyzed the characteristics of contemporary memorial architecture and they can be summarized as a mental switchover from dualism to pluralism, a conceptual pursuit of singularity and dailiness, and a consideration for the concept of memorial continuousness. Today, on the foundation of these characteristics, contemporary memorial architecture develop new design methods which could be named as 'abstract materialization of memorial target method', 'negative form monument method', 'perspective space and scenographic space construction method', and 'storytelling method'.
A Study on Improvement of Implementation Documents using DSM(Design Structure Matrix)
Ahn, Hye-Kyun ; Ham, Nam-Hyuk ; Kim, Ju-Hyung ; Kim, Jae-Jun ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 3, 2013, Pages 173~181
Currently, BIM is utilized in a number of projects. However, issues are being raised in that BIM models written in the designing level are not able to be used at the construction level. This study draws out the problems of BIM at the final designing level based on the analysis of the correlation between the designing tasks at the final designing level and the BIM tasks at the construction level through DSM. Measures for improvement were drawn out through FGI, and DSM analysis was carried out following assumptions on the improvement measures. The improvement measures proposed through this study will contribute in the vitalization of BIM-based tasks and therefore seamless workings in the final designing and construction levels.
A Study on Design Standards of Hanok Design
Ma, Seung-Bum ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 3, 2013, Pages 183~194
The purpose of this study is to suggest the basic design process of Hanok in design development phase and to establish the core design standards for architects who are inexperienced in Korean traditional architecture design. Three core design standards(disposition of territories/scales of building/style of building components) are established to reinterpret the Korean traditional architecture and the same methodology can be applied to today's Hanok design. By determinating the levels in each standard, and recombining them, architects can design Hanok more efficiently.
A Study on the Yukotai Theory of Hiroshi Hara
Yoon, Cheol-Jae ; Lee, Dong-Hoon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 3, 2013, Pages 195~202
The term Yukotai means porous body. Hiroshi Hara, one of the most famous Japanese architect, began to develop his Yukotai Theory in 1965. Yukotai refutes the validity of Modernism's homogeneous space and its unity of form. The main concepts of the theory are as follows. First, a basic architectural unit(usually a room) is designed as a "closed domain" or spatial unit that corresponds to an individual within society. Second, covering is the outer layer of a space, in other words a building's frame and exterior. Third, aperture in this covering are based on various factors such as air, light, heat, energy and information. Through this shaping process, the closed(or dead) space is transformed into a living space. Hara's three completed projects, the Ito House of 1967, the Shimoshizu Primary School and the Keisho Kindergarten of 1968, could be regarded as attempts to implement the Yukotai Theory. This paper investigates the outline of the Yukotai Theory and analyzes those three completed projects that were based on the theory. Then in the final part of the paper, the implications of Yukotai Theory and its influence on his later works of following period will be discussed.
A Research Regarding the Position and Project Characteristics of the Busan Major Building Structures of Modern Times
Kim, Young-Boon ; Kim, Ki-Soo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 3, 2013, Pages 203~214
This study focuses on the position and project characteristics of the major building structures of the modern times in Busan, focusing on the urban districts and major building structures developed through the effect of historical events, changing times. The major building structures during the Japanese colonial era were mostly built on the street intersection. They were built in the manner of th the western building style and their symbolic emphasis was identified. This was a result of the colonial policy that integrated urban & construction planning. Meanwhile, some of the major building structures concentrated in a single district and disregarding the major roads were identified to show the characteristics of the district. It was for the development of city of Busan was centered around the district where the Choryang Waegwan was located since the Chosun dynasty. Busan also has building structures built with the influence of economy, society, and convenience, with no relations to major roads and streetcars. There are a number of building structures were not built following the western construction styles, which had rather simplified construction formats and some other buildings constructed according to the trends of time, as well.
A Study on the Correlation between the Development Scale of Apartment Housing and the Commercial Facilities in Chung-ju City
Noh, Jeong-Woo ; Kang, Yun-Sik ; Kim, Gi-Soo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 3, 2013, Pages 215~223
The purpose of this study examines the correlation between the development scale of the housing complex and the types of retail among the adjunct commercial facilities and estimates the optimal types of retail and their volumes to offer a standard that could be applicable in the future housing planning. The commercial facilities of apartment housing development in Chung-ju area is examined in details as a case study. The scope is limited to examine the correlation between the development scale of apartment housing and the commercial facilities in Chung-ju city and produce the direction for planning the types of retail of commercial facilities with focus on the case study. Based on the preliminary research, site visits, and the analysis of the apartment housing complex ledgers, the correlation between the development scale of apartment housing and the commercial facilities in Chung-ju city was concretely analyzed, and the demand and the manageable types of retail were estimated, which eventually leads to offering a guideline for planning specific items and their volumes for adjunct commercial facilities.
A Study on the Correlation between View and Planning Factors in Apartment Housing
Oh, Seung-Hoon ; Kim, Young-Ha ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 3, 2013, Pages 225~234
This study has analyzed the openness rate sight for what improves the view and introduces the standard openness index in layout plans for the improvement in views from interior to exterior in the high-rise apartment housing. Apartment housing as a village in the city needs the feeling of open with various outdoor space. As the needs of differentiated residential environment increase, the condition of view of the residential environment of housing unit seems evaluating the economic value of the housing unit. The preference in general prefers not only considering the southern aspect layout, but also the view that enables the opportunity to see the landscapes in the layout plans. So, this study has analyzed the openness rate sight for what improves the view and introduces the standard openness index in layout plans for the improvement in views from interior to exterior in the high-rise apartment housing. In addition to correlation between view and planning factors in apartment housing.
A Study on the Form-Based Design Guidelines for Hillside Landscape Renewal
Son, Chang-Hee ; Jang, Han-Doo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 3, 2013, Pages 235~246
The purpose of this study is to find out the influence of environmental attributes on residential satisfaction in hillside neighborhoods and to suggest the structure and items of design guidelines for hillside landscape improvement. This study classified evaluation items into objective and subjective aspects, and analyzed the relationship between residential satisfaction and major factors. The findings were as follows. First, among environmental attributes, fence materials and parking area had significant influence on hillside residents' satisfaction. Second, in subjective aspects, view of outside in the house, urban landscape harmony with the surroundings gave large impact on their residential satisfaction. Third, based on research results, the alternative design guidelines of hillside neighborhood were proposed. These results may be useful to plan hillside neighborhoods and houses. Further research is required to improve the design guidelines by drawings and illustrations and to reform regulations for practical designing.
A Master Plan for Hanok Maeul and the Improvement of the Constitutional System in Block Type Single Detached Housing District in Newtown
Kwon, Young-Sang ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 3, 2013, Pages 247~256
Recently, there is lots of social and political interest about Hanok(Korean Traditional Housing). This recent interest has some different point in that concentrate on active promotion and practical application as well as conservation and preservation of traditional Hanok and collective Hanok village. However, some recent Hanok town planning, following the existing system used in contemporary town planning is insufficient for presenting traditional spacial structure of Hanok Maeul. So, the aim of this study is to suggest the design alternatives for Hanok Maeul and the remedy for existing constitutional system. The result was as followings : (1) four fields of design principles were elicited by analyzing the traditional Hanok village, (2) four types of design alternatives representing each spatial structure and design strategy, were suggested and analyzed their merits and demerits. (3) the remedy point of constitutional systems of government related designing Hanok Maeul. In the future, the feasibility study, consumer research, another type of Hanok Maeul such as regeneration of Hanok Maeul existing old towns should be followed.
An Analysis on the Degree of Residential Satisfaction on the Landscape under the Building's Average-Stories Control Regulation in Case of Seoul
Yang, Dong-Seok ; Lee, Hye-Jin ; Lee, Jea-Sun ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 3, 2013, Pages 257~264
The building's average-stories control regulation in apartment complex by City of Seoul had been activated for the pursuit of diversifying urban landscape since 2006. There, however, are few research works in views of evaluation on how such regulation works on. To crack down this research question, this paper adopts the degree of satisfaction for residential environments which has been an well-known approach among urban researchers. The purpose of this research is to analyze the degree of satisfaction of residential landscape environment in apartment complex under the building's average-stories control regulation in case of Seoul. Research findings reveals that residents in apartment complex under this regulation are statistically much satisfied with the landscape.
A Study on the Regeneration of Urban Residential Area using GIS - Focused on Seoul Rental Housing District -
Lee, Min-Seok ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 3, 2013, Pages 265~274
The purpose of the study is to present an appropriate approach to urban regeneration by analyzing Seoul Rental housing District. For the study, residence suitability of 31 rental housing complex was analyzed based on GIS, and the areas concerned were categorized and looked into by their residential grades based on the analysis of urban infrastructure state. The analysis of residence suitability of rental housing districts shows that areas with poor urban infrastructure were concentrated in this part of the city Seoul. The study found out that there is a need to improve urban infrastructure of the areas, which were identified residential suitability grade 5 based on urban infrastructure. Also, the study shows that there is a need to develop comprehensive plans by timing and phase in order to improve residential environment of the areas concerned while providing necessary urban infrastructure. In addition, from the perspective of on urban regeneration policy Seouls, physical conditions of the areas concerned should be focused on while from the perspective of developing plans, urban architectural elements, rather than commercial ones, should be focused.
The Effects on Consumer Satisfaction and Loyalty in Renewed Traditional Retail Market Renewal in Small and Mid-sized Cities - The Case of Yeongchun Public Retail Market in Yeongchun -
Hong, Keong-Gu ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 3, 2013, Pages 275~283
Traditional retail markets in Korea are unique public places as well as trade space of goods. These facilities are in decay because of the emerging of big-box retailer and changing of consumer's tastes. So, it is important to find out what gives consumers satisfaction and loyalty in Renewed Traditional retail Market Renewal as well as government investments to revitalize these places. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the quality of service, customer satisfaction and customer loyalty at renewed traditional markets. To do so, we investigated the quality of the physical environment, the interaction between vendors and customers, customer satisfaction with the merchandise at the Youngchun Public Market. One hundred and ninety two customers at the Youngchun Public Market were and surveyed using a questionnaire. Regression analysis of the structural equation model was conducted to test the research hypotheses. The results of this study can be summarized as follows: First, quality of service at a traditional market is properly modeled on the physical environment, the interaction between customers and vendors and customer satisfaction with the merchandise the same as a big discount store. Second, taken together, the quality of the physical environment, the customer-vendor relationship and the sales transaction affected consumer satisfaction and loyalty. In particular, the quality of the merchandise affects consumer satisfaction and loyalty more than the physical environment and the customer-vendor interaction.
A Suggestion on a New Correction Coefficient for SIMULEX Egress Model to Predict Agent's Stair Slope Travel Time in a High-rise Building
Choi, Jun-Ho ; Hong, Won-Hwa ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 3, 2013, Pages 285~292
This study approaches a new way to determine a correction coefficient for calculation of occupant's vertical travel speed in a high-rise building when a fire protection engineer uses Simulex, one of the most widely used egress model in Korea. It is used to analyse human evacuation behaviours and travel times. In case of a high-rise building fire, occupant's vertical travelling up and down speeds tend to be distributed wider than low-rise buildings due to one's fatigue. It is needless to say that occupant's travel speeds have to be calculated extremely precise, especially evacuee going up through staircases to reach a refuge area located within every 30 floors or top floor. However, most correction coefficients of egress models for calculating occupant's vertical travel speed are usually from one's free walking speed but this can bring about significant errors. To summarise, this study compares occupant's vertical walking speed from a full-scale experiment with a result from Simulex modelling and suggests a new correction coefficient based on free walking speed for predicting the time more accurately.
A Study on Applicability of Multipurpose Solar Exchanger System with an Integrated Photovoltaic
Kim, Byung-Gu ; Jang, Hyang-In ; Lee, Hyun-Soo ; Yoon, Seong-Hoon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 3, 2013, Pages 293~300
The purpose of this article is to examine the applicability of Multipurpose Solar Exchanger System with an Integrated Photovoltaic (hereafter referred to as MSES) for the solution of energy problems in building. For this purpose, sensitivity analysis was carried out to determine the optimal design factors for the air space thickness and fan flow velocity. Moreover, to analyze the functions of MSES depending on its operation mode, the heat flows were compared with that of normal PV walls. An analysis model was also selected for a comparative analysis of the heating and cooling loads, PV temperatures, and PV generation. The results of the quantitative analysis show that MSES can achieve reduction in the heating and cooling loads, and also increase PV efficiency and power generation than the normal PV walls through the discharge of the surplus heat that occurs at the back of the PV.
A Thermal Analysis for Estimating Heating Performance of an Radiant Heating Panel Integrated with Access Floor
Choi, So-Won ; Kim, Kwang-Woo ; Yeo, Myoung-Souk ; Park, Sang-Hoon ; Kim, Dong-Woo ; Ahn, Min-Chul ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 3, 2013, Pages 301~308
The purpose of this study is to propose an 3-dimensional analytical model for analyzing heating performance of the access floor integrated radiant model. Proposed analytical unit model was divided into several control volumes considering material and shape of the panel components, and then thermal resistance network model is applied. The numerical analysis was carried out using finite volume method which satisfies heat balance equation. Proposed method was evaluated its suitability by comparing with the proven 3-dimensional heat transfer program and cooling plate test.
A Study on the Establishment of Quality Assurance System for Korea Green Building Certification System
Kim, Sam-Uel ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 3, 2013, Pages 309~316
The requirement of sustainability in the field of building industry pushes many countries to make green building assessment systems. Korea has also made a green building assessment system, named GBCS (Green Building Certification System) and started to implement the GBCS in 2002. During 10 years of operation, GBCC has been upgraded in the structure of the criteria. The types of buildings to assess have been expanded and there are seven building types for the assessment nowadays. However, the structure of the operation system needs to be considered. The main bodies for the assessment process are the governing body by the government (MLTM & MOT), eleven certification bodies (seven of them are recently nominated by the government) and a newly established operational body. For establishing objectivity of the certification result, we need a proper process such as QA(Quality Assurance) System during the certification process. This research investigates the operation processes of BREEAM(Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method) and CSH(Code for sustainable Homes), and they are compared with the operation process of GBCC. The role of the operational body and the relationship among the governing body (the government), the operational body (KICT) and eleven certification body are investigated. Finally the operational process of GBCC with the adaptation of QA(Quality Assurance) is suggested.
A Study on Influence of Type of Weather Data on Results of Building Energy Performance Simulation
Kim, Eon-Yong ; Jun, Han-Jong ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 3, 2013, Pages 317~326
The aim of this research is to carry out the influences of weather data which are U.S. Department of Energy(DOE), Korea Solar Energy Society (KSES), Green Building Studio Virtual Weather Station(GBS VWS) and Meteonorm weather data in 4 major cities which are Incheon, Gangnung, Gwangju, and Ulsan on building simulation. For this research Autodesk Ecotect and Graphisoft Ecodesigner are used as building simulation program. The simulation is performed on heating and cooling load, CO2 emission, energy consumption, and natural and reusable energy which are solar and Heat pump. The experiment building is 6 stories and 585.7m2 small office building. The result is that the differences rate of total annual heating and cooling loads are 8.44 - 20.47% in Incheon, -8.02 - 11.46% in Gangnung, 2.04 - 10.26% in Gwangju, 3.88 - 10.94% in Ulsan. However if hearing and cooling load are compared separately, heating loads are not much different than total rate but cooling loads are dramatically different as 9.59 - 50.53% in Incheon, 16.56 - 65.24% in Gangnung, 4.70 - 49.61% in Gwangju, 0.63 - 44.22% in Ulsan.
Case Study and Energy Impact Analysis of Cooling Technologies as Applied to Green Data Centers
Cho, Jin-Kyun ; Shin, Seung-Ho ; Lee, Jin-Young ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 3, 2013, Pages 327~334
As the demand for large scale datacenters and their energy consumption are rapidly increasing, the energy efficiency of such data centers is now becoming a very important national issue. IT equipment usually consumes about 50% of the total electricity in a datacenter, and total cooling energy consumption is roughly 35% or more of the total datacenter energy use. In this research, we describe major technologies to realize a green datacenter, which is much more energy efficient than traditional datacenters, from the viewpoint of cooling technologies. The mainly purpose of this paper is to identify cooling systems for optimizing energy efficiency. First, the design criteria of cooling systems were analyzed using quantitative data acquired by surveying 17 green data centers. And main technologies that have a significant impact on the reduction of energy in the data center cooling system were derived. We are also analyzed the contribution of the energy efficiency of each cooling technology. The objectives of this study were to provide a physical understanding of the factors which contribute to energy use by cooling system and provide a design guide for green datacenters.
Simulation Study on the Performance Evaluation of Light-shelf focused on the Depth of Space and the Dimensions and Angles of Light-shelf
Lee, Heang-Woo ; Kim, Duk-Su ; Kim, Yong-Seong ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 3, 2013, Pages 335~344
There are so much of researches underway in order to find out the solution to 22% higher lighting energy consumed by a building. In particular, many studies on light shelves are ongoing due to the merits such as guiding light inflow into deep inside a building as well as allowing excessive shading. The existing literatures fail to provide adequate basis in designing light shelves for various sized space, as they are limited only to performance evaluation on variables of light shelves. In this study, performance evaluation on light shelves was performed by dividing space depth at the interval of 1m for 3-8m, to draw a conclusion as follows: 1)First, the analysis resulted in 6m, 4m and 3m of space depth that entirely meets standard intensity of illumination 400lux, with light shelves not installed for Winter Solstice, Summer Solstice and Spring/Autumnal Equinox Day, while it showed 4-6m, 3-4m and 3-4m with light shelves installed in depth and at angle as specified by this study, telling us there was no Daylighting Efficiency by changes in space depth except Summer Solstice even with light shelves installed. 2)The performance of light shelves depended on, in order, the specular surface of light shelves, the reflection of ceiling and the position of third reflection to be changed by space depth which have to be considered as an element in designing. Especially in the cases of at the angle of
during Winter Solstice and angle of
during Spring/Autumnal Equinox Day, extra care should be paid while designing a light shelf that will directly guide light inflow to indoor through its specular surface. 3)As the depth of light shelf increased, the shade size caused by light shelfrose along with higher uniformity ratio of illuminance, while it reduced with less uniformity ratio of illuminance as the angle of light shelf increased. 4)Considering the space depth set by this study, light inflow and reflection type through light shelf and uniformity ratio of illuminance, the adequate proposals were drawn as an external light shelf of
and 0.3m in depth, an external light shelf of
and 0.3m in depth, and an external light shelf of
and 1.2m in depth, for Winter Solstice, Spring/Autumnal Equinox Day, and Summer Solstice, respectively. However, for Summer Solstice, it was determined that the most appropriate proposal was an external light shelf of 0.3m in depth, considering the fact that an external light shelf with the angle of
is efficient in general and that the angle of a light shelf is changed by operation. This study provides meaningful performance evaluation on light shelf by space depth. Further multilateral studies will be required in consideration of the height and the depth of space as the element of space size.
Climate Change and Building Load Variation by Regional Characteristics
Yoo, Ho-Chun ; Hwang, Hyun-Suk ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 3, 2013, Pages 345~352
Carbon dioxide emissions have been increasing resulting from building industry, so that it involves global warming and environmental pollution. Korea Meteorological Agency's climate change data of the past thirty years have been analyzed, categorized by Korea's regional and geographical characteristics; Seoul, Ulsan, and Jeju Island corresponding to inland area, seaside district, island, respectively. Major factors of energy consumption analysis for building including temperature, relative humidity, wind speed, and solar radiation have been intensively analyzed. In the case of temperature, it has been analyzed, classified into frost days and tropical nights. The result of analysis shows that summer period and tropical nights have increased whereas winter period and frost days have decreased. With regard to cooling load variation for building by meteorological elements' change, dry-bulb temperature and solar radiation have considerably changed but relative humidity and wind speed have hardly changed. As a result of analysis for time-series meteorological elements' change and building load by bulb temperature change, building load can be approximately figured out using heating load with temperature, but when it comes to cooling load which has a wide variation, it would be reliable when solar radiation is additionally considered for analysis.