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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Architectural Institute of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 12 - Dec 2013
Volume 29, Issue 11 - Nov 2013
Volume 29, Issue 10 - Oct 2013
Volume 29, Issue 9 - Sep 2013
Volume 29, Issue 8 - Aug 2013
Volume 29, Issue 7 - Jul 2013
Volume 29, Issue 6 - Jun 2013
Volume 29, Issue 5 - May 2013
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Apr 2013
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Mar 2013
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Feb 2013
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Jan 2013
Selecting the target year
Proposition and Application of Mapping System for Input Data between Open BIM Data and Building Energy Simulation Software - Focused on Building Material Library and Energy Plus -
Kim, In-Han ; Choi, Jung-Sik ; Kim, Han-Joon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 4, 2013, Pages 3~12
With the increasing interest in green building and BIM, many studies on BIM-based energy simulation are being conducted in Korean AEC industry recently. One of the biggest issues in current studies is the trouble with interoperability of data between BIM modeling software and BIM-based energy simulation software. The purpose of this study is to establish a Proposition and Application of Mapping System for Input Data between Open BIM Data and Building Energy Simulation Software. For this, the authors analyzed various BIM-based energy software after the overview of Open BIM and energy simulation. In following phases, a mapping system was Proposed first, and an integrated material library was also generated through the system. Finally, the authors developed a IDF-Convertor which allows management, exchange, and sharing of data between IFC and BIM-based energy simulation software. The result of this study would enable the energy simulation using IFC format, which might be considered difficult before. The use of IFC would allow energy software to utilize much data from other fields as well as material data, and so, help energy simulation advance in the future.
A Study on the Fluidity Expressed in Zaha Hadid's MAXXI from the Perspective of Bergson's Fluid Concepts
Park, Sung-Hee ; Kim, Kyoung-Yon ; Jun, Byung-Kweon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 4, 2013, Pages 13~20
This study investigated the characteristics of the non-linearity and uncertainty elements of modern architecture through Zaha Hadid's MAXXI. Based on Bergson's fluid concepts, various types of space were observed through such factors as optical illusion, elements' movement, and observers' movement. In addition, the fluidity characteristics of MAXXI could be depicted with such architectural expressions as explosion, distorted geometry, the fluidity of space, compression, boundary, landscape, and the condensation of collages. Through his MAXXI, Zaha Hadid pursued a fluid balance in modern architecture, which contains an unpredictable relationship between architectural forms and space, and which satisfies the basic function and requirements of the museum. He induced the new value of modern architecture and adopted urban elements by reinterpreting the historical characteristics of Rome with modern spatial terms and forms while maintaining a relationship with the past.
A Study about Evaluating of Environment-friendly using GIS on the Site Selection of Apartment House
Kim, Hye-Mi ; Hong, Won-Hwa ; Kim, Jong-Dall ; Kim, Chae-Bogk ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 4, 2013, Pages 21~30
This paper is about technique that uses GIS to select sustainable site in planning environment-friendly building(Green Building) to reduce greenhouse gas emission that causes global warming. Selecting sustainable site is important, because it is the most fundamental and important step in planning the Green Building. Also when it comes to energy performance and implications for the environment of the building, it is the biggest factor that decides sustainability during the building's life-cycle. This paper aims to study the technique to select optimum site for the Green building that can reduce the emission of
, through objective data gained from analyzing surrounding infrastructures such as soil, geological features and access to streets, and also analyzing wind ways and illuminance using GIS. Existing environment-friendly architectural design process lacked sustainability, efficiency and objectivity about space analysis by planning space through local site analysis. Therefore if site selection is done through analyzing data from vast area using GIS, improved sustainability will not only improve a environment-friendly building, but even make environment-friendly residential neighborhood and city planning possible.
A Study on the Application of Healthcare System in Senior Rental Housing Complex - Focused on Seocheon National Rental Housing for the Elderly -
Kwon, Yoon-Ji ; Park, Jung-Ah ; Yang, Dong-Suk ; Yoon, Young-Ho ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 4, 2013, Pages 31~38
The aim of the research is to present the outcomes in relation to the development of healthcare smart-home plan for elderly households that have rapidly been increasing as a result of various socio-economic factors. In this study, the healthcare system monitoring is mainly applied to Seocheon National Senior Rental Housing. The conclusion can be summarized as follows: more space is needed for better service provision; housing units should consider independence and co-habitation of the dwellers; public space requires the application of practical space design regarding location of a housing complex and its effective utilization; the healthcare system needs programs that have a connection with physical and human resources and facilities of the community.
A Study on the Relationship between the Time-Image and the Modern Architecture
Hyung, Hyung-Chir ; Joh, Hahn ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 4, 2013, Pages 39~50
Today, we know that it is hard to define architectural theories as one concept. In addition, they continually enlarge the areas of thought through the synthesis of other fields. In this way, this study explores the connection between modern movies and modern architecture. Especially, this understands three kinds of the time-images in the cinema 2 such as a purely optical situation, a crystals-image, and the powers of the false through each cinematic example. First of all, in order to understand the purely optical situation, this paper analyzes the 'Pierrot goes wild' of Jean-Luc Godard and then verifies the time-image by the projects of the deconstruction. The case of this purely optical-image is the Kunsthal Museum of Rem Koolhaas. To be sure, the indoor spaces consist of a variety of the wandering paths by connecting inclined plates. It follows that this Museum make the purely optical-image since the architecture creates ambiguous, loosed and unexpected spaces. Moreover, this study also expounds a crystal-image in the '8,1/2' of Federico Fellini and then confirms the theory with architectural work. The best example of the crystal-image is the Jewish Museum of Daniel Libeskind. The interior forms the various factors that communicate the painful memory from the past with a sense of space from the present through the rough concrete, the cold air and the metallic sculptures in the floor. This shows that the places have the characteristic of the crystal-images in the designed indoor spaces. Finally, for the power of the false, it investigates 'Mysterious Object at noon' of Apichatpong Weerasethakul. What' s more, this paper elucidates Wexner Ceneter for the arts with this time-image. The site was recovered to create the powers of false by old vestiges such as the previous bases and facades.
A Study on the Characteristics of Expressive Symbolization and its Application in Crematorium
Seo, Kyeong-Deok ; Kim, Yong-Seung ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 4, 2013, Pages 51~58
In these days, many crematoriums were built or extended. These newly formed crematoriums are differentiated in terms of size and its level of quality. Since architectural guidelines for the facility have not been established properly, some of low quality crematoriums not provide an atmosphere suitable for the bereaved and the condoler to focus on the ceremony and cause negative effects on improving funeral culture. This study aims to offer an environment to regard architectural design aspect to funeral facilities and provide a method applying symbolic architectural gesture into crematorium to improve visitors emotion. It can be said that Symbolization can takes significant effects on emotion, memory and behavior of visitors. By applying different types of symbolization in different spaces within the facility, positive emotional effects on visitors are expected. first, form factors play an important role in causing the visual response at exterior space & ritual area. second, indirect experiences of light have transcendent symbolism at ritual area & cremation area. third, warter spaces provide psychological stability at shared area.
A Study on the Development of a Model to Measure the Knowledge Based Information Utilization Level in Architectural Design Work Environment
Choi, Yeon-Seung ; Moon, Se-Young ; Kang, Hye-Jung ; Jun, Han-Jong ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 4, 2013, Pages 59~70
Despite the efforts to adopt information technology, the level of informatization on AEC(Architecture Engineering and Construction) industry is still at a low level compared to other industries. In this situation, this research is to conduct study that support the adoption of knowledge and information society in the field of architectural design. Before strategies and action plans, which enable the knowledge based on information utilization level in architectural design work environment, the systematic measurements of status and competence are needed. In this study, building a systematic approach to select items which enable measurement of knowledge based information utilization level will be prosecuted. And the purpose of this study is to develop a model to measure, and supplement the application method of this model.
A Study on the Planning Characteristics of Timber Passive House in Foreign Cases
Yang, Jung-Pil ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 4, 2013, Pages 71~78
The purpose of this study was to analyze the planning characteristics of timber passive house in foreign cases. The interests and demands about timber passive house have been increased in Korea. But The domestic research results and development experiences about timber passive house were lack. The results of this study were as follows; First, most of timber passive houses are built in warm temperate climate. Second, as a insulation material of timber passive house, cellulose was used the most and the depth of insulation was about 350-400mm. Third, in principle there was no need of traditional heating facility in passive houses, but in practice traditional heating facilities were used additionally in about half of survey cases. Forth, many passive design techniques were applied in timber passive house : compact form, large south-facing window for solar heat, solar collectors on the roof, shadings for preventing of summer overheat, and so on.
The Characteristics of Urban Heat Island Mitigation Measures in U.S Municipalities
Bang, Jae-Sung ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 4, 2013, Pages 79~90
The purpose of this study was to offer the fundamental information and direction of countermeasures associated with Urban Heat Island(UHI) mitigation for domestic municipalities. To do this, UHI countermeasures for U.S. municipalities were analyzed. Through literature analysis, Implementation Status, the kinds and types of measures, and the characteristics of mitigations strategy in policy were analyzed. The main findings are as follows. First, It is important to pay attention to the correlation between the causes diagnosis and mitigation strategies before the establishment of the UHI mitigation measures. 117 measures for UHI mitigation have been completed or are in progress at 69 municipalities. The types of mitigation measures could be distinguished as follows : Project type, legislation type, planning type, comprehensive measures type, resolutions type. The business and legislation type are accounted for 86% of the total type. Third, 15 different means are utilized to mitigate the UHI. The seven of them accounted for 80%. They are as follows: Demonstration project, urban forestry program, tree and landscape ordinances, outreach and education programs, incentives, green building programs and standards, comprehensive planning and design guidelines. Fourth, Volunteer means has been used more than policy means. Tree and vegetation strategy has been used most frequently.
The Study on Receptors Type and Properties of Exhibits that Affects Behavior of Visitors in Museum
Lim, Che-Zinn ; Jung, Su-Young ; Yoon, Sung-Kyu ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 4, 2013, Pages 91~100
The museum is a space that provides communication between the visitor and the exhibitions. The most important matter to consider in planning the museum is the usage of the space for the visitors. Unlike existing exhibition space of history and arts, modern museum; in particular, Science museum, delivers information through various exhibition. To accept the changes and the developments for the better environment, the study of how the visitors receive the exhibition has to take place first. In this study, the spectators, depending on the type and characteristics of the human sensory receptors, exhibition information, and the process leading up to the viewing behavior was observed. Through this, it showed a significant classification of visitors' behavior depended on the type of sensory receptors. The study was done at Gwacheon National Science Museum, and mainly the distribution of visitors visiting hours was recorded. The study of observing time of exhibits was used for analysis by dividing the types and characteristic of its scope, not by average watching time, but by the quartile scope. Division based on human sensory receptors required viewing in exhibits was compared with each other. Recorded and analyzed watching manner: time of exhibits by dividing display information into spatial and verbal codes. The type of watching time is clearly exposed according to these two code systems, and it will be possible to use this in planning by interpreting this as visitors share of exhibitions space. It is hoped that understanding the temporal property in exhibits is expected to help select exhibition method for exhibits and make an effective planning for arrangement of exhibition spaces.
A Study on the Energy Consumptions and Their Patterns in Apartment Housing
Shin, Hyun-Ik ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 4, 2013, Pages 101~110
Energy consumption is an issue in the built environment. Since energy costs are significant in an apartment building mainly for heating, cooling, and lighting, it is very important to identify energy consumption patterns in the building. In addition, energy consumption in a dwelling is also closely related to the household's operating costs for the life of the apartment. Therefore, it is very important that residents of apartments consider energy consumption and use patterns to minimize the operating costs of the apartment. To determine energy consumption patterns in apartment buildings, this study collected utility data from the owners of 614 apartments to include natural gas, electricity, and water consumption from January 2010 to December 2010. The number of users in each apartment and the orientation of the building was also recorded. The apartments are located in the Walbae district in Daegu, South Korea and have been occupied since August 2008. The study found that February is the lowest month of water consumption and August is the highest. The highest month of natural gas use is January, 1,038.7% higher than the lowest gas consumption in July. August is the month with the highest consumption of electricity, 62.6% higher than the lowest consumption in May.
The Study of the Conceptual Model for Design on the Application of the Architectural Field Concept
Lee, Seung-Yong ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 4, 2013, Pages 111~118
The purpose of this study is to propose the architectural field concept as an architectural design method for contemporary architectural design. That is, the concept of the architectural field is the method of understanding on the traditional architecture in korea, and also is suggested as a tool for designing the contemporary architecture. The field theory showed a new viewpoint to understand the status of world, and the architectural field is a new viewpoint of understanding the architecture and to design of it is seems to be an action to show an essence of the architecture. And so called the architecture by this viewpoint is a field of the interactive network. And as a result of this field the form is made. To design of the architectural field is to design the characteristics of the architectural field by the architectural design process. First, the area is designed of the net system which is defined by relations among the environments, around architectures and so on. Second, the relation net is designed of the interaction between building and space, building and building, space and space, according to the correspondence each other. Third, for a building and a space are no longer divided but one, this characteristics is designed of the form and volume by connecting system. And this process is repeated by feedback, if necessary. As a result, this study suggest the model for design the architectural field and to apply this model for the design. And more researches are expected to suggest of the design samples applied by this design conceptual model.
A Design Study on the Lifelong Education Building Considering with Communication
Cho, Jong-Soo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 4, 2013, Pages 119~126
It is only a short time since the importance of an advanced knowledge and an information became powerful in the 21 century which has been emphasized the importance of personal development. Besides the general public want to satisfy their educational desire. From this point of view, 'Lifelong Education' is emphasized as one of the required educational systems for the future society in around world. From the back ground, many universities have administered the lifelong education program and play a pivotal role based on an idea of lifelong education in Korea. Therefore, the target of this study is for enunciating the proposition for design application and development in a new lifelong educational building based on a 'void' as architectural language. To get the target, this study will inquire into the meaning and purpose of lifelong education, then will show the design process of the applicable methodology based on Gilles Deleuze's philosophical issue of 'Void and Communication' and Rem Koolhaas' concept of 'The Void of Multiplicity'. It will applicate and develop to 'The Void of Center' and 'The Void of Meditation' in the design.
Space Utilization and Boundary Control of Court Banquets in the Era of King Sunjo and Heonjong - Focused on Court Banquet Uigwe -
Kyuong, Se-Jin ; Cho, Jae-Mo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 4, 2013, Pages 127~138
Joseon, a Li(禮)-centered Confucian state, held court banquets to promote the crown stability and social integration, and Uigwe is the official record that was described on the special ceremonies in detail. The purpose of this study is to understand the aspects of court banquets held in the late Joseon Dynasty through Uigwe compiled during the reign of King Sunjo and Heonjong; and to consider how people understood and utilized the architectural space of a royal palace at that time. The era of King Sunjo and Heonjong that is selected as the temporal scope of this study is a very important period. Because a new system of court banquets was set up at that time through holding a set of various events within one space under the same purpose and also the flexibility of palace space was tested and verified at the same time. The system and procedures of court banquets were complicated, and so it is necessary to examine how the existing court architecture was related to elements such as temporary structures, participants, and the like, within fixed ritual and spatial norms. Hence, we can understand the palatial space as ceremonial place in detail by analysis of the diverse components of court banquets and the process of holding them. It could be the significance of this study.
A Study on the Composition and Characteristics of Floral Doors in Buan Naesosa Daeungbojeon
Sung, Dae-Chul ; Jang, Jin-Young ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 4, 2013, Pages 139~146
This research progresses with the technical access about the floral door based on the precision survey report content of the Buan Naesosa Daeungbojeon. It is the research that tries to investigate feature about the construction of the window frame and grate assembly and detail technique and this result is like the next. The floral door of the Buan Naesosa Daeungbojeon is the inward opening door setting up Dunte and each door make independently opening and shutting altogether possible that the vertically bar(Seonde ) becomes the axis of rotation. Because door became bigger, It'd be more stable to use Dunte, Because of being the inward opening, the detail locking system is determined as the applied technique. This technique shows up in the Sinheungsa, Donghwasa, Ssanggyesa, and etc. besides the Buan Naesosa Daeungbojeon in common. It is determined as the technique of which is general and traditional the inward opening door applied without the age. Because the pattern is carved in the outside, if the inward opening door close down, they symbolize the truth of the Buddhism towards the outside. Since the pattern faces the inside if they open door, they will be able to look at as the Hyanghwa memorial(香花供養). In conclusion, the floral door of the Buan Naesosa Daeungbojeoncan know that traditional technique which was faithful to the query facilities and which it expresses till the religious meaning was applied.
A Study on the Images of Apartment Housing through Korean Films in 1930~60s
Moon, Guen-Jong ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 4, 2013, Pages 147~158
'Film' is a visual medium and an assemblage of social activities. Also film reflects director's message and the housing culture of those days. Architecture represented on the screen express opinions and feelings of the public and demonstrate the ways people have put meaning on the notions of the home, domestic culture, public spaces, and so forth. This study starts with these 'visuality' and 'cultural characteristics' of films. This paper will focus on the 18-Korean-films, which contain the 'Images of Apartment Housing', in 1930~60s called 'the early stage of Korean apartment culture'. With shot analyses of the films and related materials, this paper has an objective on how the film director interpreted and used the apartment architecture as cinematic elements, and how the images of apartment housing were represented in their films.
A Study on the Improvements and the Residential Satisfaction with the Small-size Urban Life-Type Housing through Public Opinion Survey
Lee, Hye-Bok ; Kim, Won-Pil ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 4, 2013, Pages 159~166
Recently MLTM (Ministry of Land, Transport, and Maritime Affairs) established and reformed related regulations for the building construction and improvement of small-size urban housing in Metropolitan area. As a result, loosen laws and regulations inevitably brings the degradation of living quality. There, the purpose of this research is to investigate residential satisfaction of this type of small-size urban housing and to explore planning guidelines. For this purpose, review of building codes and residential survey were performed for the residents of small-size urban housing. Major findings were as followings; First, parking access and ample parking space and accessibility needed to improve. Second, storage space inside, resulting from the diversion of balcony area were not enough. Third, daylighting, open view, ventilation were important components in securing comfort in indoor living. Fourth, Chi-square analysis indicated that there were statistical significance between 'type of tenure and social interaction' and 'number of family members and security/safety' implying the importance of home ownership and social activities between neighbors. Finally, regression analysis found that provision of recess area including parking space were main predictors needed to be improved. In order to promote the wellbeing of certain type of urban residents, the study suggested that careful securing of environmental quality, low-maintenance costs, recess space and convenient parking access would increase the level of satisfaction with this type of housing, functioning as living-work connected space.
A Maturity Assessment and Innovation Elements of u-City Business
Noh, Hee-Jin ; Chin, Sang-Yoon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 4, 2013, Pages 167~176
Ubiquitous technology has been emerged as a new topic in the field of information communication technology, and it has been increasingly applied for new city development or city remodeling by converging it with ICT in major cities. However, the current u-City has raised concerns about the uncertainty of the u-City business plan, and has difficulties to measure current status of u-City maturity and forecast future applications. Therefore, in order to determine the current position of the u-City in terms of its maturity, the recognition survey of the u-City in the media and practitioners are performed. And the basis of the survey results to analyze the differences in the recognition of the practitioners according to the purpose of the u-City construction is analyzed. In addition, innovation elements are derived for the development of u-City and key elements were identified for the further development of u-City based on its current maturity.
Fortification of Seoul, the Capital as Realization of the Anti-communist Ideology Appeared in the Speeches of President Park Chung-hee
Seol, Jung-Im ; Park, Cheol-Soo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 4, 2013, Pages 177~187
This paper intends to identify the fact that anti-communism during the 19 years of Park Chung Hee's presidency had been a ruling ideology through the president's speeches, and thereby, reveal how it had been associated with the construction of Seoul, the capital of the Republic of Korea. As a result, this paper shows that, since 1.21 Incident (1968), the anti-communist ideology had been reproduced into physical spaces. In terms of urban space, the anti-communist ideology supposing the outbreak of the second Korean War led to the defensive strategy of centering on the population control policy in Seoul and the capital region and dispersing the population in Gangbuk into Gangnam. For the strategy, the Greenbelt was designated in and around Seoul. In the mid-1970's, the capital relocation plan was established because of the failure of population control policy. Individual buildings were fortified at that time. For the purpose of sheltering people in emergency, underground facilities and Namsan tunnel were planned in the heart of Seoul. In case of street battles, the fortified buildings were placed on the tank's influential entry road; embrasures were installed in individual buildings; and the defensive positions were constructed on the every road of Seoul.
Determinants of Residents' Satisfaction and Place Attachment in the Process of Street Revitalization Project - Focused on the Case of Apsan Food Street in Daegu -
Hong, Keong-Gu ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 4, 2013, Pages 189~197
The aim of this paper is to examine the determinants of residents' satisfaction and place attachment in the Process of Street Revitalization Project. The factor analysis and stepwise regression are employed as the empirical analysis on resident's satisfaction and place attachment through the case of Apsan Food Street, in Daegu metropolitan city. The major findings are as follows; First, they are the most satisfied with pedestrian-friendly road in items of physical plan and less satisfied with most of program items than items of physical plan. they all are satisfied with all of items In resident participation and all role players in the Process of Street Revitalization Project. Second, they are satisfied with all the result of the street revitalization project, especially, change to pedestrian-friendly road and their own community as well as the process of resident participation and the revenue after the project. The last, the influence factors in residents' Satisfaction and Place Attachment are 'Resident Participation Factor', 'Role-Player Factor' And 'Physical Plan Factor' by factor and regression analysis. Going forward, this research will help us better understand these revitalization projects and find new ways to improve resident satisfaction and place attachment.
A Study on Detached Housing Area Constructed Along the Side of the Tongil Road in the 1970s
Kim, Myoung-Wook ; Park, Cheol-Soo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 4, 2013, Pages 199~210
At the beginning of the 1970s, the world was in the mood for peace. South Korea and North Korea first established diplomatic relationship since the separation. The high officials visited to Pyeongyang and Seoul to attend meetings. The basic argument of this research is based on this hypothesis that these two cities became a stage to propagate each nation's political idea. The development begun in Samsong-ri, Goyang-gun (currently Jichuk-dong, Deokyang-gu, Goyang city), Gunnae-myun, Paju-gun, and Jingwanyoi-doing, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul(currently ingwanyoi-doing, Eunpyeong-gu, Seoul), which were scrutinized by Rho-dong daily. Due to the importance of visual exposure, all the projects have certain physical relationships with the road. First, the buildings are located on the hill and terraced toward the road, they are either parallel or vertically meet the road to maximize the visibility. Second, detached-houses face the road and have garden in between. There is 1 to 2 meter height difference between the road and the land plots. Third, the type of houses on the sites is single family detached house that is typical in urban area, not the rural area. It was a political measure to develop the three residential sites. The physical features of the villages are protected by law and it helps to form a community where people from a certain class live together.
A Study on Zero Emission Design Strategies in Public Office Building
Seo, Sung-Mo ; Kim Seung-Min ; Kang, Hye-Jin ; Rhee, Eun-Ku ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 4, 2013, Pages 211~218
The aim of this study was to develop phased reduction prototype targeted at reducing Green House Gas(GHG) arising from the emissions of existing public office buildings. A base mode was established by analyzing the current architectural conditions of existing public office buildings and the specific properties of Green House Gas(GHG) emissions were determined through energy simulations. Green House Gas(GHG) reductions of 15, 25 and 40%, compared to the base level, were obtained by combining technologies for energy efficiency and renewable energy applicability, resulting in recommended phased reduction prototypes.
Study on Heating and Cooling Loads and Thermal Comfort of the Dome-shape Temporary Housing
Yoon, Hye-Ji ; Nam, Yu-Jin ; Lee, Dong-Un ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 4, 2013, Pages 219~226
Recently, temporary houses and facilities have been attracted for the preparation against natural and human disasters. A temporary house of the Dome-shape has been developed by the several researches, and it was found that it has structural stability and simple installation. However, there are few studies for the quantitative analysis of energy and indoor thermal comfort for the house of the Dome-shape. In this study, the comparative analysis of energy between the dome house and traditional container house has been conducted using a dynamic energy simulation code. In addition, the assessment of indoor thermal comfort was done by PMV analysis. As a result, it was found that the temporary house of the Dome-shape has superiority of energy-saving and indoor thermal comfort during heating season comparing with the conventional container house.
A Study of Window-Type Double Skin System Using PCM - Focusing on Energy Reduction for Heating and Cooling -
Ryu, Ri ; Ji, Chung-Gu ; Kim, Yong-Seong ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 4, 2013, Pages 227~234
In the modern society, most of architectures have depended a great deal on consumable energy supplied from the outside in order to maintain comfortable indoor environment. In the double skin proposed in this paper, a method was adopted in which a buffer layer for heat exchange is formed by providing a hollow space between them and the stress of the buffer layer is reduced by using natural convection through the natural vents at the upper and lower parts. PCM (Phase Change Materials), which can receive a passive effect to resolve such current problems as the direct inflow and indoor inflow of solar energy, created by direct sun rays, through the existing secondary internal outer-layers, was also used as a secondary internal outer-layer. Therefore, the passive double skin system could resolve such basic problems through efficient and continuous use of natural energy by controlling the heat storage and energy release by sun light. In order to evaluate the energy performance, a specimen was developed and fabricated in the system of window-type double outer-layers applicable to general apartments, and the general window system
and the general double outer-layer system
were also fabricated as the control groups.
A Study on Cooling Energy Saving Measures using Simulation and Metered Data of Existing Building
Lee, Na-Eun ; Han, Hye-Sim ; Ahn, Byung-Lip ; Jeong, Hak-Geun ; Jang, Cheol-Yong ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 4, 2013, Pages 235~242
Despite of government's continued support for building sector, Korea lacks practical technology for building energy management. To achieve this, first of all the system that measures and manages actual building energy is necessary. But, in the case of existing buildings, only a few buildings are equipped with these systems. In this study, First, meters were installed inside a building to measure and manage existing building's energy consumption. Second, improvement measures that can reduce energy consumption were identified by analyzing the measured data. Finally, it is suggested the ways to save energy of building. The result of this study, the case applied blinds and daylight control has energy savings up to 7.8% and keeps down electric charges about 76 million won.
Urban Energy Demand Prediction using EnerISS and Verification with Real Energy Consumption Data for a Cooling Period
Cho, Tae-Geun ; Kim, Hyun-Soo ; Yee, Jurng-Jae ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 4, 2013, Pages 243~250
In this study, Energy Integrated Planning Support System (EnerISS) which is a low-carbon urban energy plan technology was used to predict urban climate and energy consumption for a cooling period. The results of the urban cooling energy demand prediction were verified by a comparison with real energy consumption unit DB of a domestic city in Korea. For urban climate prediction, the temperature was spatially classified into high-temperature areas around public housing and roads where many vehicles move and low-temperature areas adjacent to the sea. The residential facilities comprised approximately 70% of the target research area, therefore, the overall energy consumption pattern showed similar results to the sensible load pattern for residences. The predicted urban energy demand for a cooling period using EnerISS was 0.20%-0.44% lower than the actual energy consumption.
A Study on the Development of the gbXML and Web Based Analysis Tool(E-Zero) for the Estimate of Building Energy Needs and
Woo, Sae-Jin ; Yoon, Sung-Min ; Choi, Jin-Won ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 4, 2013, Pages 251~258
Since the severity of climate change arose worldwide, in the field of architecture, technologies and policies related with it have been developed in order to find out the salvation of that issue. Especially, development of the design methods of Building Energy Saving and development of the policies and evaluations for reducing
emissions, are the areas considered as more importantly and focused more than any other time. Accordingly, this study is intend to develop the gbXML and Web Based Analysis Tool. It assist architecture designers with deciding the suitable alternative plane by cross-checking architectural alternative plans and with estimating Building Energy Needs and
emissions in design processor. As a result, this paper has developed Web Based Analysis Tool, E-Zero. The Interface of the Tool consists of four parts, Data Manager, Analysis, Result and Help&Contact according as analysis algorithm. It is developed by C# and MS Access. Presently, The Tool is embodied on the Web by registering with a domain, www.e-zero.co.kr.
The Status Analysis of BIPV System Module in Public Buildings Based on Obligation System of New & Renewable Energy
Eom, Jae-Yong ; Jang, Hyang-In ; Yoon, Seong-Hoon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 4, 2013, Pages 259~266
The purpose of this study is to deduct BIPV system installation current status and characteristics of BIPV module size and output through case analysis of building integrated photovoltaic systems applied in public buildings by new & renewable energy installation obligation system from 2007 to 2012 and present BIPV system supply performance improvement plan. Analysis by year, capacity, subject organization, facility categorization of BIPV system and size, output by unit area of BIPV module was analyzed. The analyzed results are as follows. (1) BIPV system was installed in 71 locations of 2.7MW from 2007 to 2012 and frequency by BIPV system installation capacity range was highest in 10kW~20kW with 31%. Also, it was most applied in public work facilities with 33.8% and next was education society educational institutes with 26.8%. (2) BIPV module was most installed in building facades instead of curtain walls in which form was G-to-G double-glaing type and G-to-T type with proportion of 38% each. (3) BIPV module size was all under
and most size was
. This size is scarce to replace building material with BIPV module. Therefore, research development on large-scale BIPV module is required. (4) BIPV module output by unit area was most frequent in
. Based on these results, it is thought that
installation area is required to install 1 kW BIPV system. Also, high-efficiency of BIPV module is required to install BIPV system of more capacity in limited area.
Analysis of Water Supply Characteristics of The Heating System in an Apartment House Complex using District Heating Source
Jin, Hua-Guo ; Yoo, Mi-Hye ; Jeong, Chang-Ho ; Yeo, Myoung-Souk ; Kim, Kwang-Woo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 4, 2013, Pages 267~274
In this study, water supply characteristics ware analyzed under the condition of part load in the apartment house complex using a district heating source. And then, effects and limitations of the each heating system component were derived. For evaluation, real case of the apartment house complex using a district heating source was selected and then simulation with the real design data was performed. Simulation results show that over flow water supply has happened under the condition of part load in the traditional hydronic(flow) network and over flow rate becomes larger with the longer piping and smaller load. In conclusion, although pressure differential control valves are good for the hydronic(flow) balancing effect between two apartments in the same zone, they still can't solve the over flow problem between each housing, especially to the upstairs. A flow limit valve also can't make the each room hydronic(flow) balancing under the condition of part load. In addition, results show that a variable speed pump loses the flow control ability as it sets up with the pressure differential control valves, and the pressure control saves very small pump energy compared with the high initial costs for VFD (Variable Frequency Drive).
A Study for the Impact of the Thermal Load of Lighting to the Energy Saving Performance of UFAD System
Yoon, Seong-Hoon ; Yu, Ji-Yong ; Yu, Ki-Hyung ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 4, 2013, Pages 275~282
The UFAD(Under Floor Air Distribution) system is generally known as more energy efficient and comfortable than the CBAD(Ceiling Based Air Distribution) system. In practice, however, some buildings with the UFAD system have been less effective in energy performance and have been reported for uncomfortable indoor environment. Such problems are due to a failure to consider the features of UFAD system when it is planed, operated and used designs that just meet design standards for conventional the CBAD system. In this study, measurements have been carried out to clarify the temperature difference between occupied and unoccupied zone of an UFAD system. Simplified formula was suggested for estimating the adopted supply air flow rate and RA(Return Air) temperature of HVAC system. By using TRNSYS 16 the energy performance of the UFAD system and the impact of the thermal load of lighting have analysed. Annal energy use of the UFAD system has been evaluated reduction of 13.1% for the CBAD system. And energy saving performance of UFAD system was varied from 1.6% to 16.1% by the proportion of radiative thermal load of the lighting.
Survey on Indoor Environments and Learning Efficiency in University Classrooms
Seo, Min-Ho ; Jung, Gun-Joo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 4, 2013, Pages 283~290
The learning efficiency of university students has been unsatisfactory due to the poor environmental control in the classroom during early and late of the semesters. Since it is well-known that large amount of cost and energy is required to maintain comfortable Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ) in university classroom for the operation of HVAC system, university authorities require basic guideline to be provided for their decision making on maintenance of optimum IEQ. This research is performed to provide the basic information that can be used for establishing IEQ standards. Learning efficiency of students depending on changes in physical variables is investigated by surveying 45 students during two semesters (from fall 2011 to spring 2012). The physical variables in university classroom was 1) temperature variation of 14.7 to
, 2) relative humidity of 25.3~70.1%, 3) air motion of 0~0.3m/s, 4)
concentration of 739~2003ppm, 5) illumination intensity of 376~630lux, and 6) noise level of 54.9 ~64.8dB. The average day temperature of outdoor during two semesters varied from 2.0 to
. According to the results from this surveying, the variable that affects mostly on learning efficiency of the students was thermal comport followed by
concentration, illumination, and noise level. About 75% of students showed higher learning efficiency in room temperature range of
. The result was quite different from known thermally comfortable temperature range of
in the office. Further research is necessary on modifying the environmental standards for university classroom for higher learning efficiency.