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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Architectural Institute of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 12 - Dec 2013
Volume 29, Issue 11 - Nov 2013
Volume 29, Issue 10 - Oct 2013
Volume 29, Issue 9 - Sep 2013
Volume 29, Issue 8 - Aug 2013
Volume 29, Issue 7 - Jul 2013
Volume 29, Issue 6 - Jun 2013
Volume 29, Issue 5 - May 2013
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Apr 2013
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Mar 2013
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Feb 2013
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Jan 2013
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Application Cases for Government's Obligatory Sustainable Regulations in the Office Buildings of Public Institutions
Lee, Seung-Yun ; Lee, Ah-Young ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 5, 2013, Pages 3~12
This is a preliminary study to understand the current use of Korean Sustainable Building Guideline on Public Office building design and to propose supplementation for the guideline and design method. This study is based on the four public office buildings whose design was selected by public competitions and construction documents were submitted recently. Main focus was on applying building design guidelines as EPI (Environmental Performance Index), Building Energy Rating System, Renewable Energy Obligation, and GBCC (Green Building Certification Criteria). By reviewing the differences between competition proposals and construction documents, our present sustainable design circumstances and limitations could be clear and ideas to improve guideline were found out.
A Study on Passive Elements of Han-Ok on a Standpoint of Feng Shui - Focused on the Old House of Yang-Dong Twon -
Shin, Kyeong-Seung ; Lim, Yeong-Hwan ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 5, 2013, Pages 13~20
After the Industrial Revolution, environmental crisis and global warming have came to the fore with man's indiscriminate uses of natural resource. Western countries have started to seek the solutions to solve the environmental problems and global warming issues based on the theories of existing philosophies and politics. Therefore, only active architectural elements, which are technical based perspective, are emphasized green building planning. In this study, the objects are Korean traditional houses which were designed from feng shui ideas based on the wisdom of Korean ancestors. The overall aim of this study is to provide basic informations for architectural planning and strategies of design ideas through the comparison and analysis of modern passive architectural elements and past green building elements.
A Study on the Design Factors and Direction for Hillside Landscape Improvement by Expert Questionnaire Survey
Kim, Min-Ju ; Noh, Se-Hee ; Jang, Han-Doo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 5, 2013, Pages 21~30
The aim of the study is to suggest the design factors and guidelines to improve the value of landscape in hillside residential area. In order to evaluate the present condition of hillside residence, we gathered the problems and design factors by field investigation and document survey, then found out major factors for landscape improvement through expert questionnaire survey. After analyzing the data, the study found that the typical problems of hillside residential area: the view blockage, the degeneration of the natural environment, the shortage of infrastructure, and the narrow road. Specialists consider the color of building, preservation of geographical features, green corridor and disaster prevention design as important factors for hillside landscape improvement. The study suggests the design alternatives and guidelines with the citizen-participational landscape agreement in hillside residence. These results may be useful to plan hillside neighborhoods and houses. Further research is required to improve the design guidelines by drawings and illustrations and to reform regulations for practical designing.
A Methodology of Open BIM-Based Quantity Take-Off for Schematic Estimation of Frame Work in Super-Tall Buildings
Kim, Han-Saem ; Choi, Jung-Sik ; Kim, In-Han ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 5, 2013, Pages 31~38
In construction projects are increased the BIM-based technology for the reason that buildings are becoming large and complex. Quantity take-off and estimation fields are important factors for decision-making in conceptual and schematic design stages of construction projects. The purpose of this study improves reliability of estimates through QTO (architectural object and safety objects) based on Open BIM. Scope and method to apply QTO is to select conceptual design stage through LoD(Level of Detail) in AEC field and to extract information from BIM model through analysis of IFC structure. This study proceeds three step to make BIM model and check the model quality and calculate QTO. Development of QTO software using IFC is to verify of result in this study and expects utilizing software in design stage of construction projects.
A Study on Their Effects and Gardening Behaviors at Senior Housings with Care Facilities
Kim, Dong-Sook ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 5, 2013, Pages 39~48
This study examines and analyzes four different senior housings with care facilities for the current state of gardening behaviors and their effects. The study used surveys and questionnaires, as well as field visits, to examine gardening facilities and gardening behaviors. The study produced the following outcomes: 1) Gardening behaviors and space varied by senior housings with care facilities depending on their actual environment conditions. 2) Most popular gardening behaviors included watching cherry blossoms, strolling to keep close to plants, raising plants and flower pots, and planting. 3) Many used flower gardens for gardening behaviors; in most facilities, only a half of gardening space was barrier-free. 4) The primary benefits of gardening for elderly at senior housings with care facilities are increased feeling of relief, personal contentment and satisfaction, and improved communication and social interaction. 5) Among the four senior housings with care facilities, group home had the best gardening environment and most active gardening behaviors. The study results showed that the gardening space should meet various needs of the residents, and that accommodating gardening as part of daily routine affects its benefits.
A Study on EPFL Rolex Learning Center - An Architectural Concept from Background to Realization -
Park, Jong-Jin ; Nam, Sung-Taeg ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 5, 2013, Pages 49~58
The purpose of this study is to elaborate "EPFL Rolex Learning Center" in the process of adaptation, from campus development background to building realization. Mainly, the proposed "Free curved shell structure" by SANAA was adjusted more precisely to the futuristic multi-use library by changing its dimension and structural strategy. In addition, the passive mechanical installations corresponding to "Minergie" energy consumption label make sense of sustainable tendencies. It helps not only to expend its range of understanding beyond the avant-garde concepts but also to demonstrate new way of realization of grand public facility.
A Study on the Management Model for the Adaption of Healthcare Services to the Social Rental Housing
Park, Jung-Ah ; Kwon, Yoon-Ji ; Lee, Ji-Eun ; Yoon, Young-Ho ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 5, 2013, Pages 59~66
As the concern on healthcare, nowadays, policies on healthcare service are drawn up for sustaining service growth. This study reviews Korean policies and previous government lead projects of u-Health, and derives the improvement for policy on healthcare voucher system and the project management model in the social rental housing through interviewing project managers and monitoring how the project operates. The results are as follows; first, the physical environment is required for successful establishment of healthcare system in the social rental housing. To achieve this, these 5 factors are needed: provision of the space, building of the IT infrastructure, placement of the manager, establishment ties with social community programs, and awareness-raising of residents. Second, the healthcare service has no sustainability because of faults in the voucher system. Therefore, policy needs to improve to be simplified procedures, be eased income standards, and be able to continue on service without having blood tests or registrations again. Third, project management model giving not only effective service but also motivation to participate in is suggested and it should take the lead by the service provider and the housing manager. For doing this, -setting the physical environment, the improvement for policy, and the project management- providing sustainable healthcare service in residential space will be successfully achieved.
A Study on Sustainability of World Exposition Planning - Focused on the Host Cities of World Exposition Since 1990s -
Lee, Kyung-Jin ; Chung, Jae-Yong ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 5, 2013, Pages 67~74
This study aim to discuss issues of global sustainability at the World Exposition is being realized, rather than individual buildings or design has been carried out to analyze the interrelationships in terms of the host city and on the macroscopic level. Initiated the concept of sustainability from environmental issues since the Rio Declaration, the 1998 Lisbon World Exposition from specifically revealed. Elements of sustainability, fair as an event for the development of the city as well as the transient effect through the use of sustainability in that the positive impact that the planning stage and implementation stage of the World Exposition, analysis, and results were analyzed. World Exposition planned by the strategy of the countries and cities because of urban residents through participation in the transition to the city facilities are insufficient. The relationship between the sustainability and the World Exposition, because the structure and image of the city as part of the city, which can be switched springboard is very important. Future cities from the perspective of ongoing research about the value of a World Exposition will be carried out.
A Study on the Impact of the Formation of Bibo Landscape Patterns Due to Wrong Circumstances Being Noticed in Traditional Villages
Park, Sang-Goo ; Kim, Chul-Kyu ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 5, 2013, Pages 75~82
An ideal spot which has perfect circumstances isn't common in Korean traditional villages, so villages were positioned at the place where had a certain circumstances, after they found wrong circumstances having a bad effect in villages, they had made Bibo landscape. Where there were the defective places, they had made Bibo together. Where there were the harmful places, they had made Oyumseung which pressed the energy using dislikable things. These Bibo landscape had made up for the unfit places in living environment, and had created pleasant living places having a good effect in human life. The BIbo landscape type will be directly influenced by the shape and type of wrong circumstances being noticed in villages.
A Study on House Plans and Life Conditions of Do-Jin Village in An-Dong
Lee, Se-Jin ; Kim, Jun ; Yoo, Jae-Woo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 5, 2013, Pages 83~90
From the 1970's, the typology of the individual house and the layout of the rural village began to the change in South Korea. This study is intended to provide fundamental resources for the practical sizes of houses in rural areas according to their environment as well as in response to the rapidly aging society. This study analyzed forty-nine houses in Do-jin village; documenting the typology and scale of the main buildings and annexes based on the construction dates, materials, sizes, uses, and the residents' life pattern (including the types of crops and storage use). The result of the study shows that the types of the seasonal agriculture products produced has a substantial effect on the usage and scale of the main building (the living space) and its annex (the storage space). The average size of the analyzed village house is approximately
for the main building and
for the annex. The annex buildings were on average
larger when the use included animal stockbreeding as well as the typical agricultural storage. It is expected that due to the aging society and reduced number of residents in the rural villages, the practical size of the typical rural house will be reduced in size.
Research of Spacially Non-Linear Network Pathways
Cho, Taig-Youn ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 5, 2013, Pages 91~98
The purpose of this study is to define the spacial structure of non-linear pathways. Compare with Gride street, non-linear pathways have more degrees of freedom of space, thus, the particle moving on the pathway has the possibility of a shorter route distance to reach destinations. Classically, the grid system has been the easiest to implement but is a confined to movement along the horizontal and vertical axes. To reach a destination in a grid plan, the distance covered while traveling between two points is further than the direct path between them. In non-linear pathways, the distance is reduced by doing away with the grid plan and replacing it with an overlapping series of pathways that trace the linear path between points. While this reduces the distance traveled between points, this has an added benefit of allowing for shorter distances between points that are not represented by the paths. This paper offers insight as to why a non linear network offers greater efficiency of travel in a dense urban environment.
A Study on the Kumhwa District Apartment Life-Changes by Daily Newspaper in Korea
Kim, Sung-Hoon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 5, 2013, Pages 99~106
This study focus on the initial public Civic and Model apartment during 1968-1972 as transition period in Korea apartment history. By looking main daily newspaper for the Kumhwa district apartment life-changes, it investigated the characteristics of the initial apartment. Initial public apartment business for improvement of the lack of housing and unauthorized bad housing development began. But because of the poor economic and social situations, initial business reveals the limitations of the excess policy, bad construction, and early demolition. However, large-scale public apartment project was the formation of the current housing policy, physical environment and living environment. This is an important event in the domestic housing. In this study, through an analysis of newspaper articles on the 219 cases, characteristics of Kumhwa district have been derived as follows. (1) The duality of public works projects, (2) Changes in the initial apartment life due to a variety of physical, social factors, (3) Efforts of the government and the citizens for communal living. This result shows the characteristics of the domestic apartments of the transitional period.
A Study about Revitalization of the Existing Street with Redeveloped Downtown as Shopping Mall in the California US.
Hong, Sung-Yong ; Kim, Hyung-Woo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 5, 2013, Pages 107~117
This study regards street environment that directly leads to the activity of a city. Also, most cities have an existing downtown that needs redevelopment from slum to new complex these days. A lot of towns in Seoul recently have been redeveloped by the real estate companies or resistants unions. They have been redeveloped as housing complexes or commercial complexes by them. However, there have been problems in the redevelopment complexes. Especially, the context of the streets and social connections have been destroyed. Successful redeveloped complexes have been revitalized themselves except existing street and background cities. They look like isolated islands. Their border areas have become desolate, and have been walled. I researched for case studies in the US that already redeveloped commercial complexes a few years ago. My case studies are the Paseo Nuevo shopping mall in Santa Barbara, the Grove mall in LA and the Horton Plaza in San Diego. The results found pros and cons about relations between existing street and redevelopment. One of the case studies showed ways to overcome isolated problems by redevelopment. The Paseo Nuevo shopping mall has been revitalized with existing streets. They have six positive features as architectural plans. First of all, It has opened a facade and plan toward existing streets. Secondly, It has many entrance gates. Thirdly, the parking lot is located behind the shopping mall and an another block. Fourthly, it has unconnected circulation for pedestrians. Fifthly, the stair or arcade have been removed or reduced as psychological barrier. Sixthly, the design of circulation needs to use more organized public arts or attraction elements. Results of the study are important features for revitalization between existing streets and redeveloped complexes.
An Architectural Form Creation Process in the Transformation of Topological Form - Focusing at LOD(Level of Detail) Representation Considering BIM Application -
Yoon, Myoung-Chul ; Koh, Seong-Lyong ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 5, 2013, Pages 119~130
This study suggests a non-sequential architectural modeling process in the analysis of topological structure by topological concrete concept and applies operation parameters. Specifically, by combining three kinds of topological constructs and five kinds of topological structures for the combined topological code and controlling seven kinds of topological operations by parameter, the topological structure was transformed. It also analyzed the applicability of BIM (Building Information Modeling) and the standard of LOD (Level of Detail) that, in the process of architectural modeling, is applied to the transformation of topological structure. The results of this study on the proposed architectural modeling process are affiliated with the database of topological structure creation and form and operation processes and can be used for research to architectural information cognition way.
Analyzing the Recognition Effect of Revitalization Through the Classification Between the Physical and Non-Physical Improvement on the Traditional Market - Focused on Motgol Traditional Market From a Consumers Point of View in Su-Won -
Park, Cheong-Ho ; Jang, Han-Su ; Koo, Ja-Hoon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 5, 2013, Pages 131~140
The purpose of this study is empirical research that affecting factor of the revitalization in the traditional market. this research was carried out a recognition survey, for measuring the level of revitalization, targeting the consumer and merchant in Research destination that the physical and non-physical improvement are coexisting. Then, has set up a research model analyze the factors of revitalization by using PLS structural equation. According to the results of this study, from the consumer's point of view, it shows that physical revitalization factors affects the revitalization of traditional market. Although both physical revitalization factors and non-physical revitalization factors. and so the facilities and activities associated with consumption activities have more high-impact relationships. The affecting factors, for improving image, reliability and utility rate of traditional market, are the facilities of pedestrian's approach, convenience, information, secure and operational support and activities of various advertising methods, events-festival and The adversely affecting factors are turned out as a variety of payment methods, exchanging with local residents and childrens. The result means that physical revitalization factors associated with consumption activities is relatively well utilized, but it is necessary to effort and Consideration for exchanging with local residents and childrens and variety of payment method as non-physical revitalization factors.
A Study on Supply of Architect and Estimating Standard of Design Fee of China
Jeon, Seong-Ho ; Choi, Keon-Wook ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 5, 2013, Pages 141~149
Supply of architect and the estimation of the design fee are foundation which forming architectural culture of one nation. On the mutual certification of architectural design office or architect license, except in the case of NAFTA and EU which already reached bilateral agreement because they have similar operating system, each nation in the world have much difficulty in bilateral agreement because they have different operating system between them. WTO has devolved eliminating trade barriers of architectural design services business and setting clear criteria to Institute of Architects in order to solve this problem, PPC(Professional Practice Commission) of UIA create the mutual certification criteria of architect license. In 1993 to 1996 drafted a constitution and brought up for conference in 1996, have adopted UIA international standard for architectural professional practice at Beijing meeting in 1999 and Berlin general assembly in 2002. China took effect architect system for the first time in 1995 which was 30 years later than Korea, additionally they implemented with accreditation system for architectural education so that China have architect supply system for mutual authentication of the architect license by recommendation of UIA. This study research architectural education, supply of architect and estimating of design fee of China, provide a objective data for architectural education of university, supply system of architect and estimating of design fee of R.O.K.
A Study on Characteristics of 'Architectural Spectacularization' in the Suburban Consumption Area Near Seoul
Choi, Soon-Sub ; Oh, Jun-Gul ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 5, 2013, Pages 151~158
Many kitsch and postmodern commercial buildings are scattered all over the suburban area near Seoul, Even though such buildings are excluded from the architectural discourse and the process of architectural education, they are not extinct but prosperous in the real society. It strongly means that they have effective methods of communication with the public and their specific characteristics. Thus, the purpose of this study is to analyze the formation of commercial buildings in the suburban area near Seoul and their common characteristics. In particular, it was examined from the spatial perspective of 'Spectacle' because the buildings in this area are sharing the spatial and architectural characteristics of theme park including Disney Land. To achieve the aim, firstly, the changes of architectural trends in the 1960's and the situation related to them in Korea were synthesized in the former part of the study. They are the emphasis on the communication with the public, the mediation of image consumption and the expression of symbolic forms, which are sustaining in the contemporary society and these trends can be linked to 'Urban and Societal Spectacularization'. Hence, the middle part of this study dealt with the characteristics of 'Spectacular Space' focusing on the analysis of 'The Society of Spectacle' written by Guy Debord; discreteness, presudo-experience and consumptivity. After deducting these characteristics, the last part concentrated on revealing that they are inevitably connected to the causes and factors of 'Spectacularization' in Korean suburban consumption area. Particularly, this study showed that the buildings in such a suburban area tried to be individually separated, media-superficialized and symbolically stylized.
Accommodation Process and Its Meaning for Nakamura Yoshihei's Western Architectural Manners in Cooperation with Anton Martin Feller and Tatsuno Kingo
Kim, Young-Jae ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 5, 2013, Pages 159~170
The purpose of this study was to grasp acceptance process and its meaning for Nakamura Yosihei's western architectural styles in cooperation with Anton Martin Feller and Tatsuno Kingo, through whose vivid actions during the Korean Empire (1897-1910) and the Japanese occupation period (1910-1945). With surveys as to the stylish features of his buildings, this thesis focuses on four perspectives regarding his accommodation attitudes: First, creative eclectic approaches which support Classical Revival, subsuming the Serlian, Palladian, Hindu-Saracenic, Victorian Queen Anne, Roman/Greek, Renaissance Venetian, and Japanese styles, were instilled in his buildings, retaining the overall tautness of idioms inherited from Tatsuno Kingo, greatly impacted by Richard Norman Shaw, George Edmund Street, Josiah Conder, and William Burges; Second, he sought to design a new building style manipulating a chemical combination, and fit a given commission through the correct understanding of architectural elements(e.g. Corinthian, Tuscan Orders, etc.). He wanted to share the methods of application to construct a western building by translating Sir. William Chambers's treatise as a result; Third, Anton Martin Feller is an important architect in understanding Korean modern architecture between the late 1910s and the late 1920s because he tried to seek a new architectural style, Austrian/German Secession, which was made combining his ingenious ideas with past borrowed motifs founded on the classical historicism, as above-mentioned; Fourth, after a trip with Feller to Europe and America, Nakamura appropriated in his own buildings a Spanish Baroque(Colonial) manner with which several public auditoriums were built in California and Texas, the United States. He borrowed its whole form selectively, nonetheless still maintained eclectic and antiquarian sense through past classical elements(Gothic, Baroque, Romanesque, etc.), as well as the Secession, showing the strong influences of Shaw, Feller, Conder, Burges, and Tatsuno each. To conclude, in concert with Anton Feller, Nakamura struggled to look for, preserving past classical styles and adopting the tastes of the time, a new architectural style which provides a clear-cut pattern of associationalism between architectural form and its contents in the four points, which help decode the architectural situation of the time accordingly.
Introduction and Enactment of the Korean Building Code in the Modern Transition Period
Lee, Geau-Chul ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 5, 2013, Pages 171~182
The modern Korean building code was introduced through Japan. The first building code was enacted in Japanese concession and the second was introduced by the Susinsa(修信使)'s field trip on the Japanese Government agencies. However, Korean building code was enacted as the rule of road management unlike Japanese building code and regular building code of Korea was enacted by the Japanese Government-General of Korea. The building codes of Japanese concessions took effect continuously after 1910 and these building codes expanded to the building codes of whole country including Sigajigeonchukchuichegyuchik(市街地建 築取締規則) in Gyeongseong(Seoul).
A Study on the Capital Structure and Change of the Gaegyeong, in the Reign of the 6th King of the Goryeo Dynasty
Woo, Seong-Hoon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 5, 2013, Pages 183~194
This paper is to clarify on the formation of capital structure and change of the Gaegyeong in the reign of the 6th King of the Goryeo Dynasty, based on a study of the location of capital facilities, the background of the change to the Chinese capital system, and the capital spacial structure. King Seongjong, the 6th King of the Goryeo Dynasty, institutes the Chinese capital system based on the Confucian system in order to resolve a social contradictions caused by religion, and to adapt the change of the international situation. As a result, Confucian facilities, such as Jongmyo(royal ancestral shrine) and Sajik(altar for state deities) were established for the first time in the capital of Goryeo Dynasty. Nevertheless, they were placed on the outside of the Imperial city, the Capital. The causes are found in the geographical condition of the Gaegyeong and in the wide area of the capital in early Goryeo period. The facilities were widely distributed to controled the wide area of the capital efficiently.
Viewstack Analysis Method for Urban Visibility Evaluation - A Comparative Case Study Between Insa-Dong and Myung-Dong -
Lee, Seong-Ki ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 5, 2013, Pages 195~202
This paper reports on one-view-oriented visibility analysis and evaluation model called Viewstack. The proposed visual analysis algorithm is developed using Korean cadastral data based on Viewshed and Viewsphere concepts to resemble human's visual perception more closely. Compared to another visual analysis models, the proposed model has several advantages that is simple to utilize and can be used collaboratively with another multi-purpose analysis tools. Thus the suggested 'Viewstack' algorithm can be used for design alternative evaluation, which can give design-stakeholder assistant in a quantitative way when they run into design decision making process and so on. The objective of such analysis and evaluations is to examine and characterize view's visual perception based on urban morphologies and architectural configurations. This paper can contribute to the tool development of quantitative comparative evaluation of building shapes and spatial configurations related to the 3D observation of open space for future urban planning, design study, and practice.
A Study of Improvement Plan and Post Occupancy Evaluation of Block Housing in Korea - Focused on Block Housing in Eun-Pyeong First District and Nok-Yang District -
Sung, Gi-Soo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 5, 2013, Pages 203~214
Since the early 2000s, block housing has been a topic of increasing interest, and planners have issued many block houses through design contests. The main purpose of the block housing was to promote the formation of community among residents, and supplemental plan has also been completed in order to support the previously envisioned level of residency which is weak due to the inherent characteristics of block style housing. Currently, there are several housing complexes which have been recently built in Korea. However, questions have been aroused whether the residents are as satisfied as the planners had originally intended. In the midst of planning a new block housing complex, this research was motivated with the hope of making a measure of improvement based on the result of the post-occupancy survey. Block housing complex shows various problems such as noise, privacy, access to sunlight, and security. These problems are closely related to habitability, so resolving such problems will transform the block housing into a more comfortable and meaningful housing type and also contribute to the future promotion of the block housing complex. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to develop planning elements for the improvement of habitability as part of developing an attactive block-style housing complex, discern the level of satisfaction with habitability, problematic spatial issues and amenities based on the post-occupancy evaluation of the cases of actual residence, extract measures of improvement and implement the results at the times of future planning. In accomplishing such goal, this research performed and analyzed the post-occupancy evaluation on two block housing complexes built in Korea. Eunpyung 1st District and Nokyang District were chosen for the research, which were built 5 years ago. The data and documents obtained from the on-site visits of the two districts were classified according to the 3 physical spaces: 'external space to the complex,' 'unit living space' and 'common living space.' Survey questionnaires have been developed in terms of the level of satisfaction, problems and issues related to the amenities of the 3 spaces. The survey was performed in the form of in-person interview by visiting individual residents in the districts. Total of 200 residents were interviewed, and the SPSS statistical package was used for the analysis. Contrary to the one's expectation, the overall satisfaction level was shown as satisfactory on major evaluation points of the post-occupancy survey. Preferred amenities were landscaping in the complex, walk trails and unmaned parcel storage. Noise from the children's playground, privacy from the neighbors, insecurity issued from the inept visitor control, main buildings with poor sunlight access, low level of reputation due to complexity of the apartment structure are some of the space-related problems revealed by the survey. Detailed drawings and verified data were proposed as the means of improvement on the issues and problems. Based on the research and evaluation results of the post-occupancy surveys, it was concluded that the research on block housing complex should be continuously pursued and results from the early design stage should be arranged as planned-out elements that later ought to be implemented, thereby a residential complex with higher quality can be planned out.
A Study on the Occupancy of Franchisor as the Change Factor of the Identity in Commercial Street, Focused on Samcheongdong-Gil
Park, Jin-A ; Jung, Yoon-Joo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 5, 2013, Pages 215~223
This study points out that the identity of commercial area has been altered by sterility, uniformity, especially fastest-growing franchised chains in Samcheongdong-gil. It is based on
survey which pointed immethodical occupancy of franchised chains and extension of a store size with the change factors of the identity in commercial area. So first, the study is compounded of official interview and surveys to franchiser. Through this, correlations among the influence of store size, the occupancy periods of the commercial stores and location of franchised chains are analyzed. Second, the trend about combination of lots is found by analyzing the plot change on the target area, then reviewed correlation with the tendency of location of the commercial stores in recent years. On the basis of these analysis, the influence of a building size which effects, main factor, occupancy of franchised chains on the existing active commercial street in this study figures out that the influence of a building size causes the identity of commercial street to alter as a main factor. According to these results, a institutional strategy about form and size of plot basically affect to a building size is sufficient.
Policy and Legislative Issues of Management for Low-Rise Housing Areas - Case Study of "Covenant" in the United States of America and "Landscape Agreement" in Korea -
Lee, Chang-Ho ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 5, 2013, Pages 225~232
December 30, 2011 "Act on the Maintenance and Improvement of Urban Areas and Dwelling Conditions for Residents" was revised and "Residential Environmental Management Project" and "Avenue and Housing Maintenance Project"(low-rise housing improvement projects) were first introduced. This study investigates the private agreement called "Covenant" of Forest Hills Gardens, Radburn, Sunnyside Garden in the United States of America and derives the success and failure factors. Finally, policy and legislative issues are suggested for low-rise housing areas to be managed smoothly and stably making Use of landscape agreement after finishing the low-rise housing improvement projects. The policy and legislative issues are as follows. (1) Fulfilling the role of "management contract" in low-rise housing areas by landscape agreement, (2) Accumulation of "Long-term Repairs Allowance" in low-rise housing areas, (3) Succession of landscape agreement and Setting the long-term validity, (4) Incentives for the activation of landscape agreement.
A Study on the Development of Mobility Indicators for Evaluation of Low Carbon Green City
Lee, Sang-Su ; Kim, Young-Ook ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 5, 2013, Pages 233~240
This paper proposes a set of evaluation indicators for mobility in the context of low carbon green city. Instead of focusing on the observable movements of people and vehicles, we conceptualize mobility as a potential function of the spatial configuration of street network that may facilitate or obstruct the movements. Among those indicators are total street length, mean travelling distance, the number of intersections, the number of cycles, and the skewness of distance distribution. We first establish a method of extracting a standard format of digital map from the OpenstreetMap platform and then proceed to analyze the relationship of the mobility indicators for the case of 28 worldwide city samples. Final discussions are made with regard to how we could employ the results for the benefit of the realization of sustainable urban form.
Do Social Responsibility Impact on Social Economy in Sustainable Factors?
Lee, Tae-Kyung ; Yee, Jurng-Jae ; Lee, Sang-Hon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 5, 2013, Pages 241~250
The design, construction, use and demolition of building generate substantial social and economic benefits to society but may also have serious negative impacts especially for the environment. In response to the demand for evaluation and management of buildings' environmental performance, several tools and methodologies have been developed and are being implemented in the construction sector aiming at sustainable performance. The research work is focusing on environmental management tools emphasizing to rating systems' analysis, comparison and implementation for buildings' environmental performance. The LEED, SBT07, CASBEE and KGBC guides for existing buildings and new construction are compared, similarities and differences are analysed and a joint evaluation guide for existing buildings derived as a result of the rating systems' analysis. Finally all the components for certification are researched by citizens in Korea and analyzed their sustainable preference and impacts of social responsibility on social economy. The results gained by this research suggested an appropriate way to make a more effective certifying plan and weighting factors according to analyze various citizens' preference of certain certification sectors.
Development of Resident-Based Energy Evaluation Model(REEM) for Implementation of Mobile Applications
Park, Bo-Rang ; Lee, Bo-Yeob ; Chung, Min-Hee ; Rhee, Eon-Ku ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 5, 2013, Pages 251~261
As the interest in energy conservation for buildings is increasing, and many methods and easily-understandable approaches are emerging, it has now become the public's main interest, compared to the past when it was only focused on by experts. This research analyzes design methods for saving energy for buildings through case studies of green buildings that are, in particular, developed by using energy evaluation models(EEMs) with mobile applications of augmented reality technology. The validity of EEMs applying augmented reality can be established by examining case studies of mobiles applications to which the public have easy access. The process of mobile applications using augmented reality consists of 3 phases; building datebase(DB) loading, energy consumption evaluation, and DB evaluation. There are 2 methods for developing EEMs for buildings; an evaluation model for energy consumption, and an evaluation model for building DB. After evaluating energy consumption and building DB through case studies, we analyzed the performance of each variable relevant to building DB.
A Study on Selecting the Primary Airflow Rate and Optimal System Configuration of the Active Chilled Beam
Song, Jin-Yong ; Chung, Jae-Hoo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 5, 2013, Pages 263~273
In order to decrease consumption of heating and cooling energy in building, the active chilled beam system which provides excellent thermal comfort, energy saving and efficient use of space due to high heat capacity of water used as heat transfer medium are primarily used in Europ and North America. Recently, the active chilled beam system is used to save consumption of energy in buildings. But design data and rules of the active chilled beam system in domestic is lack. So this study proposes to how to select appropriate primary airflow rate to national standard. The chilled beam systems are classified Dedicated Outdoor Air System(DOAS) configurations of 9 types in Seoul, Daegu, Jeju that is able to design in domestic and analyzed consumption of energy by Trace700 program.
A Research on the Consumer's Consciousness for Improvement of Residential Energy Consumption
Yoo, Jung-Hyun ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 5, 2013, Pages 275~282
Many countries positioned the energy consumption for residential sector as a part of principal energy polices. One of the major strategy to achieve energy saving, focus on the analysis of consumer's consciousness has been identified as the key determinant together with the effectiveness of exterior thermal insulation refinement. From this reason, occupant's energy conscious behaviour was derived from field survey which is in the aspect of the energy use pattern, utilities and energy policy etc. Among the respondents, 50 percentile of end-user said that they have less demanding utilities fees (e.g. gas and electric) and it therefore can be found that the burden for defrayment is decrease associated with rise income. Given the major energy saving action (e.g., raise the electric and gas fares, check the gas, electric meter periodical etc.) young respondents relatively more aggressively provide consent than old respondents. Lastly, more half of respondents said that together with the rise income assure the upward energy use in the residential sector caused by increasing demand for comfort levels, and will grow for the time being.