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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Architectural Institute of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 12 - Dec 2013
Volume 29, Issue 11 - Nov 2013
Volume 29, Issue 10 - Oct 2013
Volume 29, Issue 9 - Sep 2013
Volume 29, Issue 8 - Aug 2013
Volume 29, Issue 7 - Jul 2013
Volume 29, Issue 6 - Jun 2013
Volume 29, Issue 5 - May 2013
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Apr 2013
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Mar 2013
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Feb 2013
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Jan 2013
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Spatial Composition Types of Performing Arts Centers
Ko, Jae-Min ; Shin, Young-Joon ; Lim, Ho-Kyun ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 6, 2013, Pages 3~11
In the 21st century, which is often called 'the cultural era', performing art has become an important field in terms of its influence or importance in the society. A performing arts center is a place for delivering performance art to the public, so systematic and rational spatial composition of the performing canters is an important factor for quality performance. The spatial composition of performing arts centers plays a determinant role in completing performance art. The aspects of circulation and space for users in Korean performing arts centers were found to be poor, compared with the foreign performing arts centers; this was because each functional space was not composed in relation with other spaces. As a result, performers as well as staff members who produce performances express a lot of complaints about the inconvenience of the centers. Focusing on the stage and the auditorium, their relationship with the remaining backstage space should be investigated, and the composition types of the backstage space should be included as a fundamental research area. More research should be conducted on the spatial composition of backstage, which has been ignored even if it is a major part of performance art, in order to meet various needs when constructing performing arts centers in the future. Accordingly, this study is conducted to classify the types of spatial compositions and to provide a basic data about an efficient spatial composition by analyzing each composition type, so that an appropriate, efficient composition type can be suggested for the characteristics of the performing arts centers that will be built in the future. For this study, various layouts, sectional diagrams, and pictures of performing arts centers obtained from a literature review are analyzed to ensure validity and objectivity. The performing arts centers that have been evaluated as excellent by experts are used for this study. From research on the types of Front-of-House (F.O.H), stage, and backstage, the spatial composition of performing arts centers can be largely classified into four types: The parallel type, the three-dimensional type, the block type, and the complex type.
A Study On the Possibility of Extension of Variable Space in Smart Environment
Park, Jung-Sik ; Cho, Taig-Youn ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 6, 2013, Pages 13~20
Despite many efforts to change our understanding of space through several revolutions in human history, space remained largely a physical notion. However, the development of information technology and new dimensions of social interactions and its incorporation into the building space allowed for these progressive concepts of space to manifest itself. Smart construction that combines aspects of physical space and information technology will embrace various programs of space required in Modern architecture. Ubiquitous computing in the new paradigm of space can push our utilization of space beyond its temporal and physical limits. Expanding our study of space to the possibility of flexibilty combined with the enhancement of space through the overlay of intelligent networks between events and the physical space by the interaction of the digital space is aimed Since the notion of space in Ubiquitous computing environment is exceeds the temporal-spatial dimension, expanding our understanding of space in combination with Intelligent Networks is fruitful. Therefore my research aims to study the possibility that space can be extended through the interaction between physical and digital space.
A Study on Distribution Characteristics of the Transportation Carbon Dioxide Emission Using the Prediction of Traffic Volume - A Case of the Daegu -
Lee, Sang-Woo ; Lee, Seung-Wook ; Jeon, Gyu-Yeob ; Hong, Won-Hwa ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 6, 2013, Pages 21~28
The purpose of this research is grasp of carbon dioxide emissions on road traffic which is main structure of the city in order to design constant spatial structure in green town against rapidly changing climate. For this study, First, we calculated the carbon dioxide emissions with Tier 3 method of IPCC G/L which counted VKT on each type of car at main roads in Daegu city. Second, we forecasted the traffic with spatial statistical techniques in order to reflect carbon dioxide emissions on the road on current traffic degree. Third, we visualized the chart of road traffic carbon dioxide emissions that divided carbon dioxide emissions that seized the characters of carbon dioxide emissions by predicted traffic ratio. As the result, road traffic carbon dioxide emissions in Daegu city is about 1,406,281
eq/yr and high emission areas are Buk-gu, Dalseo-gu and Suseong-gu.
Study on the Space Configuration Characteristics of Comprehensive Crematory Facilities - Based on Case Studies from Korea and Japan -
Park, Yong-Seo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 6, 2013, Pages 29~39
In Korea, crematories are typically built along with funeral homes and shrines, and the demand for the facility is steadily rising. To meet the increasing demand, it is necessary to provide clear design guidelines for efficient spatial layout and land use. To this end, this study analyzes cases of well-designed crematories facilities to examine the layout of individual facilities. The layouts of the crematory facilities analyzed in this study are classified into two types: integration and distribution. The first classification, the integration type, is suitable for a relatively small area, in which the main facility is located in a single building. This layout has a complex configuration; the facility is segmented into functional subsections so that the independence of each is secured. In terms of space configuration techniques, this type is subdivided into patios, linear areas, and halls. The second type, the distribution configuration, is often seen in the suburbs. In this classification, the main facility is located in a large area; therefore, there is a tendency to create complex linkages with outdoor spaces. The main space configurations are straight lines and clusters. This type of layout is characterized by topological layout techniques in response to irregularities in the terrain. Finally, the space configuration characteristics in relation to the layout type are derived and the correlation between them is summarized in the analysis. The study is expected to provide preliminary data to establish a more systematic guideline to design crematories facilities more efficiently.
Comparative Analysis on the Architectural Design Vocabulary in the Early Design Stage of Passive Houses
Chu, So-Yeon ; Cha, Ji-Won ; Lee, Myoung-Ju ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 6, 2013, Pages 41~50
Though the importance of energy efficient building is being progressively recognized, the absence of the design strategy in early stages of design increases the cost and hinders their proliferation. In order to help novice designers to comprehend a certain level of cost-efficient and energy efficient design integration in an intuitive manner, this research examines architectural design components of the passive house, which could be considered in early phase of design. In this study, plans of 35 PHI certified passive houses in Germany were analyzed, mainly focusing on the "architectural" design vocabulary, rather than building energy performance. The early design stage and its design components are defined in accordance with German and Korean ordinance on architects' performance and fees. As a result, there was no indispensable requirement for passive house design, even including building orientation and compactness, although every project tends to maximize solar energy use and minimize heat loss through the building envelope. Futhermore, in addition to south facing windows, the open floor plan was also important in circulating warm air for overall indoor thermal comfort. The paper affirms the importance of integrated planning in passive house design, showing that its architectural design vocabulary has already included technical consideration from early phase, such as ventilation, plumbing, technical layout etc.
Case Studies on the Sustainable Architecture Guidelines in United Kingdom
Lim, Yeong-Hwan ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 6, 2013, Pages 51~58
Current issues of 'Sustainability' seem to seek the technical values and focused on the energy reduction. 'Sustainable architecture' is distinguished to limited meanings of 'environmentally friendly architecture', 'eco-friendly architecture', or 'green architecture'. Sustainable architecture involves a combination of values : aesthetic, environmental, social, political, and moral. It's about using one's imagination and technical knowledge to engage in central aspect of the practice - designing and building in harmony with our environment. Unlike certification system of green building, the sustainable architecture guidelines suggests both development of advanced technologies and sustainable thoughts which induce changing patterns of our behaviour. This study is based on the sustainable ethics encouraging moral responsibility toward current reckless energy consumption. The citizenship of sustainable society could be achieved when these ideas are naturally embraced. The guideline involves life cycle strategy from planning to demolition, convergence of sustainable technologies and ideas, and environmental friendly solution of both city and architecture.
A Study of Developing a Conceptual Model for Raising Architecture Based Public Design Experts
Lee, Do-Young ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 6, 2013, Pages 59~70
This study proposes to develop a conceptual model for raising architecture based public design experts. Taking an integrated approach to educating architects and public designers, it tries to examine existing architectural education programs if they reflect various aspects of the term 'publicity' in which public design has been continuously mentioned. The model as developed will be expected to serve as an important indicator for stimulating education efforts to raise effectively public designers within an architectural education system. Relevant issues related to expertise development as well as integrated education are discussed to provide theoretical backgrounds for composing the model. Additionally, the study develops an analytical framework that includes a total of 4 critical components. They are (1)definition of the term 'publicity' in public design domains, (2)evaluation of KAAB's student performance criteria(SPC) as validated in terms of 'publicity,' (3)change in status of architecture within the domains as suggested by government bodies, (4)architectural typology in the public design context as needed for architectural education. All these components are likely to be critical in creating the model. A literature review was conducted on components used in the model development process. In addition, literature related to both expertise development and integrated education was critically reviewed. Results are as follows. First, the term 'publicity' is defined in 5 types(safety, convenience, universalism, context, symbolism, self-directed or independence) in an integrated and practical viewpoint. Although KAAB's SPC as evaluated by 5 types(deletion, addition, integration, content change, amendment) is likely to meet cardinal directions of Framework Act on Building and Master Plan for Architectural Policy, second, development and application of educational strategy as well as practice guidelines remain uncompleted. Third, status of architecture as a public design domain has been tremendously improved as buildings and open space as their spatial background have been most emphasized in creating a good public image. Fourth, common sense of a good public image for the place has been made among professionals and scholars that a total of 6 public design domains(space, buildings, facilities, visual media, outdoor flyers, night sight) are all related and needed in an integrated manner.
A Study on Spatial Structures According to Booth Layout at Convention and Trade Exhibition Centers
Moon, Jung-Eun ; Kim, Bong-Ae ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 6, 2013, Pages 71~81
This study set out to investigate the changing patterns and mutual relations of physical attributes and visual perception-based analysis indexes of spatial structures according to booth arrangement at convention and trade exhibition centers based on the visual perception theory, as well as to identify the variables to consider when making planar type and path of action plans. As for methodology, the investigator conducted visual graphic analysis(VGA) with the Depthmap program to figure out the visual characteristics of exhibition center spatial structure in a quantitative manner and identified the spatial analysis indexes of visual integration, visual connectivity, and visual mean depth. Based on the collected data, the investigator also identified data about area and the physical spatial structure of annexed room and used them in analysis. The subjects include total 43 exhibition centers at 11 venues in the nation. Their planar types were first categorized according to the form characteristics of rectangle, slender, square, and others. Four types of path of action, which include right angle, migration, meandering, and variableness, were applied to each of the planar types based on the arrangement methods of sales floor in a commercial space identified in literature study. Used in analysis were the drawings of 172 types that grouped them. As for analysis methods, the investigator statistically processed quantitative data with the SASW 18.0 for Window program and carried out correlation and discriminant analysis. The analysis results were then used to test the influence of the visual perception-based analysis indexes of spatial structures according to the planar types and path of action types and make data proposals for exhibition space design.
The Planning Methods of Adaptively Reusing Abandoned Industrial Facilities as Cultural Spaces - Focused on the Buildings of Abandoned Industrial Facilities -
Kim, Hyun-Ju ; Yi, Sang-Ho ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 6, 2013, Pages 83~92
The study aims to draw adaptive reuse methods for the buildings of abandoned industrial facilities through analyzing cases now renovated to cultural spaces. The case analysis focused on exterior, structure, space of building. and building uses. First, the adaptive reuse methods for the exterior and the structure are characterized by preserving the historicity and identity of the facilities and reproducing the placeness of area. The 'preservation' methods are the preservation of 1)the quality of material and the color, 2)the finishing material and the form, 3)the original style of architecture, 4)the material property of structure, and 5)the structure itself. The 'modification' methods are in the aspect of 1)improving the image, and 2)securing the symbolism. The 'restoration' methods are the restoration of 1)the interrupted function and 2)the demolished facilities. Second, the adaptive reuse methods for the space are characterized by utilizing the flexibility of the inside and outside spaces and creating the spaces to accommodate new purpose and to connect the functions between the facilities. The 'utilization' methods are 1)the division of inner space, and 2)the discovery of outdoor space. The 'extension' methods are 1)the connection between existing facilities, 2)the extension of existing facilities, and 3)the extension of new building. Third, the adaptive reuse methods for the building uses are use alteration 1)excluding and 2) reflecting the use of existing facilities.
A Study on the Guideline Development for Passive Building Design
Kim, Chul ; Lee, Hye-Won ; Han, Ki-Jung ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 6, 2013, Pages 93~100
The purpose of this study is to develop passive design guidelines for architects to utilize materials on design process of buildings. Passive design is a specific approach centered on architectural design to adapt to natural climate without mechanical heating or cooling, which also maintain tenants' indoor environmental qualities with lower energy costs. However, in most cases, architects to manage this manner encounter some problems not to know passive design and related knowledge. So, this research was conducted to help designers to get comprehensive abilities in aspects of passive design methods. This study was proceeded by as follows: (1) to summarize domestic climate data and provide initial design strategies (2) to classify passive elements based on journals, examples and simulations (3) to evaluate cooling and heating performance of both design factors and existing buildings. (4) to organize manual frame by using practical scopes to improve availability. (5) to describe design methods by element that include several information modeled on papers, cases and simulations; 'Windows Design Guideline for Conservation of Building Energy' etc. In conclusion of this work, guideline frames are consisted of a variety of connection "between elements and supplemental data" that can help architects to design regarding energy performance. Therefore, this book is expected to fortify to be utilized passive design for high-efficient and comfortable buildings.
A Study on the Form and Appearance of Mixed-Use High-Rise Buildings Including Residential Use
Kim, Jin-A ; Park, Sang-Min ; Kwon, Jong-Wook ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 6, 2013, Pages 101~108
The purpose of this study is to identify particular use characteristics by surveying and analyzing the form and appearance of high-rise buildings that include residential-use. On the basis of precedential researches, a new criteria are introduced for high-rise building's form and appearance with case studies through element and composition. 27 residential and mixed-sue cases of the 100 tallest buildings in 2012 are analyzed. The results of this study are as follows; The change of form and appearance in high-rise buildings has been dominated by residential use. Variousness of form and appearance for Residence-Office is more dominant than that of Residence-Hotel. Mixed-use Buildings of Residence-Hotel-Office have the most distinct changes in terms of building appearance composition. The specific aspect of changes in building form is not same with that in building appearance. Building form and appearance compensate each other for the change of high-rise buildings that include the residential use.
A Study on The Consciousness Regarding Barrier-Free Space Creation of Japan's Architectural Designer and Constructor
Cho, Min-Jung ; Murosaki, Chie ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 6, 2013, Pages 109~116
The purpose of this study is to clarify the practical conditions and problems of barrier-free design for all users from the view point of architectural designer's evaluation. At present barrier-free design and universal design is being examined as one of new aspects of design for aged society in JAPAN. Korea also, due to the rapid increase in elderly population, Barrier-free design and universal design has been recognized importance. Thus, Barrier-free design and universal design is significant for developing soci al environment as a goal in well-being society, the building's maintenance standards. However, there is no system to take advan tage of human resources. In order to facilitate improvement of barrier-free environment in line with users' need in a comprehensi ve way, it is necessary to proceed it on a phased as well as continual basis. Active attitude of architectural designers and constr uctors would also be important to improve quality of improvement works. The result is as below: First, the difference was looke d at by the consciousness to barrier-free between designers and constructors. Secondly, through factor analysis, the problem rega rding barrier free design was made clear. Thirdly, as for the needs to barrier-free it was many in the designer who is the exper ience which suffers hardship.
A Study on Developing Evaluation Environment of Green Building Certification Criteria Using GBT(Green BIM Template)
Roh, Min-Seong ; Kim, Ik-Sung ; Kim, Mi-Kyoung ; Jun, Han-Jong ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 6, 2013, Pages 117~126
Currently, the Green Building Certification System is in force amid rising global interest in environment-friendly construction. Keeping pace with the vigorous studies on the activation of Green Building Certification System, this study aims at developing BIM-based templates that will be applied to the system in this country. The BIM is defined as a system that creates and uses the systemized and consistent computerized information, which can be converted to parameters for each element that are used for design decisions, preparation of high-level construction drawings, prediction of building performance, prediction of cost and construction planning. The application of BIM may lead to the promotion of improved certification system because it provides broader approach in consideration of specific situation of users and enables to carry out information management and secure transparency, including collection and analysis of performance information. Accordingly, this study aims at proposing the GBT(Green BIM Template), which is derived from the BIM-based template and uses the decision related to evaluation items as the system basis by using the certification system.
A Research on Educational Resource for Preparing Outcome-Based Evaluation and Architectural Accreditation Conditions in Korea - Focused on Human, Physical, Information Resource -
Lee, Jin-Hyuk ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 6, 2013, Pages 127~137
Recently, the KAAB held a public hearing for newly revised Accreditation Conditions of which any quantitative criteria are excluded. Thus, the purpose of this study is to provide accredited program's major quantitative data as reference material for the programs which plan to apply for initial accreditation and continuous accreditation. To provide the data, Architectural Program Report(APR) and Annual Report(AR) of 39 5 year accredited programs are reviewed and analyzed. The results of study are as follows; the ratio of students per one full-time professor was approximately 25.8, average design studio size per student was
, 34 out of 39 programs had a library within the department and had average of 12,400 titles of architectural books with different codes in university main library, total credit hours of design studio class were about 50, studio critique hours per student were 60minutes in average per week in each semester. Total required credit hours for graduation in average was 165.4. In order to meet the Student Performance Criteria which is composed of 37 criteria in 5 categories, curriculums are composed of 50 credits for Design, 5 credits for Communication, 20 credits for Cultural Context, 22 credits for Technical Area and 7 credits for Professional Practice in average.
The Smart Services of the Hazard Management in the Kitchen for the Elderly
Lim, Hae-Won ; Lee, Hyun-Soo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 6, 2013, Pages 139~146
To continue independent life in the elderly's house, it is important for them to keep a familiar environment. However, safety hazards in the home have constantly increased due to dependence caused by aging of the elderly. Therefore, it is important to ensure safety of the elderly at home. Especially, there are many hazards in the kitchen such as fire, burns, suffocation, laceration, intrusion, gas accident, falls, energy waste, suffocation happened by food, excessive intake of calories/sodium, disease and memory loss. In above regards, this paper deals with hazards and smart services in the kitchen, according to the behavior of the elderly. This paper discusses on how to provide intelligent services to the elderly. This paper has suggested smart services of hazard management in the kitchen by three steps, based on the 12 derived smart services according to hazards: fire/gas accidents, external intrusion, fall/lacerations, health/illness. The smart services includes support fire/gas leak detection service, emergency call service, automatic ventilation service and emergency system service. In conclusion, this study argues that it should be provided according to the preferences of the elderly rather than all services required. Future research is required to develop control methods dealing with the elderly's hazards and specific configuration of sensors and devices required.
A Study on the Development Direction and Priority of the BIM-Based Hospital Design Validation Technology
Uhm, Mi-Young ; Park, Young-Hyun ; Won, Jong-Sung ; Lee, Ghang ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 6, 2013, Pages 147~155
Hospital design review is challenging because design requirements for hospitals are more complex than other facilities, and many design changes occur due to changes of medical device specifications during a construction period and request from experts in various fields. Building Information Modeling (BIM) has recently been adopted in a hospital design process to improve design quality and reduce design errors. A possibility of automated check of hospital design using BIM has been demonstrated. However, the current use of BIM is too limited to satisfy the needs of practice. The main goals of this study are to survey the needs for the BIM-based hospital design validation technology and to propose the development direction and priority through a survey with experts and professionals in hospital design and construction. As the results, among various hospital-related design codes and guidelines, practitioners perceived that design change orders during a construction process and an overwhelming amount of design requirements were the most important and most repeatedly examined items. When BIM-based design validation was adopted, the central medical department, wards, and the outpatient department were regarded as the most beneficial spaces, clash detection between architectural and mechanical, electrical, and plumbing (MEP) components as the most beneficial work type, and the design development phase as the most beneficial phase. The development priority and direction of a BIM-based hospital design validation technology found in this study are expected to be used as a blueprint for developing and improving BIM-based hospital design validation systems in the future.
A Research of Architectural Practice Education Data and Discipline Standards for the Development of the Project Management Professionality in Architectural Design
Lee, Sang-Jin ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 6, 2013, Pages 157~164
Project management is the discipline of planning, organizing, securing, and managing resources to achieve successfully specific project goals and objectives. The project management activities are really important factors for the business management of architectural firms and the quality control of projects. However the most of architectural firms, especially large firms, in the country are concentrating on the marketing strategy with design presentation rather than the quality improvement by the effective management of projects. The purpose of this research is to encourage the development of professionality for the project management of architectural design in the field of 'professional practice' education by the research of education data and the analysis of discipline standards for the project management, and finally expedite the change of architectural firms to prepare for the market under FTA through emphasizing the importance of project management.
A Study on the Characteristics of Mega Worship Space for Contemporary Worship - Focused on Mega Churches in the Unite States -
Lee, Jae-Hyuck ; Song, Kwang-Hyun ; Kim, Pil-Soo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 6, 2013, Pages 165~172
Korean evangelical churches have adopted contemporary worship style from the U.S. to reach out to non-Christian and young generation since the late 1980s, This movement resulted more churches grown as mega churches and demands for mega worship space have been raised. However, mega worship space need to resolve functional problems due to the size, and contemporary worship style also requires new functional needs from its program. To understand these needs and requirements, six American mega worship spaces were selected as precedents and analyzed in three main components of space; room shape, seating area, and stage. As a result, we found out the characteristics of the three main components influenced by the size of worship room and contemporary worship style. For example, room shapes were formed to reduce the overall size, seating was arranged to enhance the contemporary worship, and stages were sized to accommodate the large number of performers for new worship style. The results will also be valuable resources for future mega worship space development in Korea.
A Study on the Educational Background and Architectural Activites of Architect Kim, Yun-Gi in His Early Times
Kim, Young-Bum ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 6, 2013, Pages 173~180
This study aims to re-evaluate Korean architects of the first generation through tracing careers and activities of their lifetime, and as a part of the study, this report paid attention to trace growth and educational background of architect Kim, Yun-Gi with his graduation thesis of Waseda University, newly discovered by the author. Architect Kim had a strong inspiration with severely poor status of housing environment of Korea when he made his mind to choose architecture for his major and to study abroad at Waseda university of Japan. This report introduced the contents of his graduation thesis, verifying his thoughts of housing improvement with his retrospects. During his school times, architect Kim initiated a science movement for his country through the activites of Koryo Industrial Meeting with his fellows, simultaneously performing investigations of Korean common houses for his graduation thesis. Architect Kims graduation thesis has a great importance for a unique historial material for studying Korean common houses of those times, and it reveals that he had enormous interests in improving On-Dol of Korean traditional heating system and its lifestyle. These opinions about housing improvement are maintained steadily in his housing theories produced in the future. This study will deepen analyzing the contents of Architect Kims graduation thesis and verifying the degree of relations between the thesis and his future housing theories, being based on the result of this report.
The Critical Point and Significance in the Notion of Rem Koolhaas's Bigness
Chung, Hye-Jin ; Kim, Kwang-Hyun ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 6, 2013, Pages 181~190
The purpose of this study is to analyze the critical point and significance of Rem Koolhaas's notion of Bigness as contemporary architectural discourse in the age of Global city. Koolhaas captures precisely the congestion and complexity of comtemporary architecture. Bigness is a concept that will deal with how to intervene in these situations, the influence of a variety of architectural and urban phenomenon. Divisive situation by exploring the relationship of these changes in behavior and the physical space and the relationship of architecture and urban, Bigness penetrated the answer, he puts out. However, in order to precede the retracted and removed to accommodate the complex and chaotic, it becomes a city, Bigness deny the actual city. Therefore Bigness itself clearly reveals the situation of chaos and division to strengthen the role of the limits of the location on the border.
An Analysis of Plan and Arrangement of Purlins in Sinreuksa Geukrackbojeon - Focused on Change at the Major Repairs -
An, Dai-Whan ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 6, 2013, Pages 191~199
The purpose of this study was to analyze design prossess of Sinreuksa Geukrackbojeon when that was renovated. There are several renovation of Geukrackbojeon and the different module system might have been used each renovation, according the method and the range of repair and surrounding environment. This study try to classify the origin parts and the repaired part at the renovation through comparing module system and history of renovation, especially floor plan and arrangement of purlins. As the result, the arrangement of outer columns have planed at 1605 by letters which have been written at the bottom of the column. The arrangement of outer columns have kept module system as integral number and have a small average error. But the arrangement of inner high columns, floor frame, altar, girders, purlins do not have followed integral number of module system which have kept the arrangement of outer columns. So this study assumes that the arrangement of inner high columns, floor frame, altar, girders, purlins have planed after 1605(maybe 1797) and when the arrangement of inner high columns have planned, outer columns had kept at the same location and had not pulled down.
On the Introduction of Vauban Fortification in the Nguyen Dynasty's Cities of Vietnam
Woo, Don-Son ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 6, 2013, Pages 201~212
After unifying Vietnam, the Nguyen Dynasty adopted Vauban Fortification in constructing all walled cities of the whole country again in the 19th century. The Vauban Fortification, which was a construction style that a French artillery officer innovated in the late 17th century in consideration of the range of artillery, prevailed in Europe. Behind the adoption of Vauban Fortification in Vietnam, there were the French powers that involved in the establishment of the Nguyen Dynasty. The Vietnamese traditional city planning had applied the Chinese Ward System (坊制), and the Nguyen Dynasty's central and local administration systems mostly imitated the Qing's systems. As such, the Nguyen Dynasty created a dual-structured city which adopted the Chinese Ward System internally and the French Vauban Fortification externally. The purpose of this study is to examine the process in which the Nguyen Dynasty's cities accepted Vauban Fortification. Thus, it can be said that the eclecticism shown in the Nguyen Dynasty's urban planning has something to do with "Old Foundation, New Participation" (Gubon sincham, 舊本新參), "Eastern Way, Western Technology" (Dongdo seogi 東道西器), "Japanese Soul, Western Skill" (Hwahon yangjae, 和魂洋才), and "Chinese Body, Western Use" (Jungche seoyong, 中體西用), which are catch phrases describing the modernization of the East Asia's each countries. With the Vietnam's urban planning, I expect to be able to look over an aspect of the modernization of the East Asia.
Effects on Business Cycles by Constructing Skyscrapers in Seoul
Heo, Ja-Yun ; Kim, Hyun-Jung ; Jung, Chang-Mu ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 6, 2013, Pages 213~221
Correlation between economic recession and skyscraper construction was revealed by Andrew Lawrence in 1999 : investments in skyscrapers peak when cyclical growth is exhausted and the economy is ready for recession. Moreover, there are some negative viewpoints on large-scale urban development project such as skyscrapers and large complexes : Skyscraper Curse, a myth about building a company's headquarters, and etc.. This study focuses on empirical analysis about correlation between skyscraper construction projects and urban economies, using Vector Error Correction Model with 2 endogenous and 2 exogenous variables focused in Seoul. On the estimated model, we performed Impulse-Response Analysis and Various Decomposition Analysis. As a result, we can find a significant correlation between constructing skyscrapers and regional economies. According to the empirical analysis, differenced GFA(gross floor area) of skyscrapers causes a negative effect to differenced GRDP temporarily. This study results are expected to be helpful tips not only for forecasting economic crisis but also for making important decisions whether investing the huge development project or not.
Determinants of Residential Satisfaction and Attachment in the Multi-Family Dwelling of Studio-Type - Focused on the Eased Architectural Design Guidelines -
Hong, Keong-Gu ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 6, 2013, Pages 223~231
The aim of this paper is to examine the determinants of residential satisfaction and attachment in the Multi-family dwelling of Studio-type. The factor analysis and regression are employed as the empirical analysis on residential satisfaction and attachment in Daegu metropolitan city. The major findings are as follows; First, after we evaluated the post-occupancy satisfaction, they are satisfied with the performance of unit inside though the relaxed regulations of construction, rent fee and the maintenance of building. But they are unsatisfied with amenity facilities related to housing, the building performance of the noise and vibration because of relaxed regulation of construction. There is no satisfaction of neighborhood related to the Multi-family dwelling of Studio-type. Second, the influence factors in residential Satisfaction are 'Living environment and Location Factor', 'Building Maintenance Factor' And 'Economic Factor', that is, rent and utility fee. Also the influence factors in residential Detachment are 'Economic Factor', 'Living environment and Location Factor' and 'Building Maintenance Factor' by factor and regression analysis. Going forward, this research will help us better understand residential satisfaction from the point of residents and find new ways to improve resident satisfaction and attachment.
A Study on the Analysis of the Effects and Supplementary Method of the Revised Architectural Slant Line Restriction for Daylight
Lee, Jang-Bum ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 6, 2013, Pages 233~242
This study aimed at analyzing the effects of the revised architectural slant line restriction for daylight and the method of supplement to enhance the rationality of revised standard. The scope of study is limited to general building of 5 stories. In the result of analysis it was revealed the existing condition of daylight is comparatively poor. Daylight couldn't be reached to the level of over the 3rd floor. Analysis of the illegal extension of balconies and affection of staircases were done also. 5th floor illegal extension of balcony was worst case of decrease in duration of daylight. This condition is still being kept in the revised standard also as character of daylight condition in buildings. In this study it was found that the daylight condition in revised standard became worse than previous standard, and the supplementary method to enhance the rationality of standard was to decrease the distance toward right north direction from 1.5m to 1.0m. Decreasing this distance made the building take daylight and more space in the south of the lot. In addition to this result, application of architectural slant line restriction for daylight to 1 side not 2 sides was more rational to form the building of regular shape with no decrease of duration of daylight. Therefore in this paper 1.0m distance toward right north direction and only 1 side application of architectural slant line restriction for daylight were suggested as a method to enhance the rationality of revised standard of architectural slant line restriction for daylight.
Comparative Time-Series Analysis on the Correlation Between Composition Factors of Lot System Types in Hanok Residential Area - with Case Study on Inside and Outside of Seoul City Wall After 1970 -
Baek, Sun-Young ; Ahn, Kun-Hyuk ; Yang, Seung-Woo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 6, 2013, Pages 243~254
This study aims to analyze the correlation between composition factors of lot system types in Hanok Residential Area, Seoul classifying into tree-type and grid-type. The results are as follows : First, between 1970 and 2011 in all lot system types, the bigger the area of lot, the width of road and the connectivity of road is, the longer length of the part meeting the road is. Also, the bigger the width of road is, the bigger area of lot is. Second, tree-type lot system is much different from grid-type in 1970 in terms of the correlation between the standardization index of lot and direction of road and other factors in. Third, the correlation between composition factors in tree-type lot system has changed, while the correlation in grid-type has hardly changed after 1970. Fourth, as regards the correlation between composition factors, the distinction between lot system types is much larger than the diachrony of type.
Simulation-Based BEMS Control Through BCVTB and Its Application to a Ventilation System Under Operation
Moon, Hyeun-Jun ; Choi, Min-Seok ; An, Kyeong-A ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 6, 2013, Pages 255~262
This paper aims to establish a simulation-based control system for better building performance with low energy cost during the operational stage. This integrated system utilizes BCVTB (Building Control Virtual Test Bed) as a middleware to connect a BEMS(Building Energy Management System) and simulation programs, including monitoring and measurement devices, an analysis model (EnergyPlus), and control algorithms. In addition, the co-simulation between EnergyPlus and Matlab/Simulink is conducted as well. The integrated system is applied to a mechanical ventilation system in a residential building. This simulation-based control approach shows energy saving potentials while maintaining good indoor air quality in the case study.
A Study on Evaluation of Ventilation Efficiency from Ventilation System and Volume in the Small Printing Facilities Using CFD
Yoo, Sung-Jun ; Kang, Joo-Won ; Yang, Jeong-Hoon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 6, 2013, Pages 263~270
In small printing facilities, the high-concentration hazardous chemicals that are generated from printing equipments decrease the efficiency of workers and even pose a fatal threat to the workers' health. Therefore, a proactive approach is needed to improve the working environment through improving indoor air quality within the workplace. This study attempted to propose a ventilation system for the effective improvement of indoor air quality in small printing facility. It identified the hazardous chemicals in the presses by conducting field measurements of actual small printing facility. Based on the measurements, the study set up a basic model for a CFD simulation. Furthermore, a ventilation method for indoor environment improvement was selected and an alternative case was created. By using the CFD simulation, the hazardous chemical environment was also analyzed. With all these actions, the purpose of this study is to propose Evaluation of Ventilation Efficiency from Ventilation System and Volume that can effectively improve the indoor air quality of small printing facility.
A Study on the Development and Application of BIM-Based Standard Library for
Assessment and the Green Building Certification - Centered on the Building Material Level -
Hong, Soung-Wook ; Lee, Byeong-Ho ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 6, 2013, Pages 271~278
The purpose of this study was to assess the
from the default library and identify green building certification through : 1) separating the composite materials by applying unit quantity calculation formula through attributive information DB method 2) adding the basic attributive information of the material needed for building energy simulation and the information relating to green buildings. 3) applying sustainable standard library to on a apartment unit plan modeling to pursue the
emission evaluation of the material production in
assessment and extract green building information through the schedule of BIM authoring tool.
Estimation of Air-Handler Fan Pressurization Test Applicability Based on the Field Measurement of Envelope Leakage
Han, Seul-Ki ; Cho, Hong-Jae ; Park, Joon-Young ; Jeong, Jae-Weon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 6, 2013, Pages 279~286
This research is a case study performing the air-handler fan pressurization test in two office building. The test has been following the existing test standard(i.e. ASTM E779-10, CAN/CGSB-149.15-96 Standard). The test building is a 5-story office with a square(
) footprint built in 2001 at Daejeon. Another test building is a 12-story offce building with a square(
) at Seoul. Before the test, the standards about air leakage test is analyzed. Then, the pressure difference measurement is apply to ASTM standard. To measure the whole building envelope leakage, the air-handler units operated at the 100% outdoor air mode with closed RA dampers, EA dampers. This results is represent to ACH50, ELA, EqLA compared to other standards. This paper provides some practical information acquired in the field measurement of air tightness test using the established air-handler fan pressurization test method.
A Study on Evaluation of Air Management System's Cooling Efficiency for Energy Savings in High-Density Data Centers
Cho, Jin-Kyun ; Park, Woo-Pyoung ; Shin, Seung-Ho ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 6, 2013, Pages 287~296
The goal of air management system of high-density data centers is to minimize re-circulation of hot air and minimize by-pass of cold air in the IT server room. Successfully implemented, both measures result in energy savings and better thermal conditions. Air management helps reduce operating costs by enhancing economizer utilization, improving cooling system efficiency. Metrics play an important role in providing a measure of the performance of air management systems. Performance indices include the Supply/Return Heat Index(SHI/RHI), the Rack Cooling Index(RCI) and the Return Temperature Index(RTI). CFD simulation estimates temperature, airflow in the data center and provides a wealth of information for evaluating cooling efficiency. This study describes four performance metrics for analyzing air management systems. They were computed with CFD modeling to evaluate the thermal environment in a typical data center module and 46 different design alternatives. In this paper, advanced and comprehensive evaluation index of cooling efficiency was also derived and well-crafted metrics will undoubtedly play an important role.
Study on the Adsorption Performance Evaluation of Functional Wallpaper added Formaldehyde Scavenger
Kim, Jee-Heon ; Seong, Nam-Chul ; Yoon, Dong-Won ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 6, 2013, Pages 297~304
The purpose of this study is to evaluate performance of formaldehyde(HCHO) adsorption for improvement of decontamination of functional wallpaper added formaldehyde scavenger by its amount. Formaldehyde scavenger manufactured with ethylene urea(C3H6N2O) 35 weight percent, Glycol 2 weight percent and water(H2O) and it added to wallpapers during the manufacturing process. Ethylene urea has properties of to remove formaldehyde with a condensation reaction, and in widespread use recently. the wallpaper added formaldehyde scavenger manufactured in contrast to the weight of binder each case of 5%, 7%, 10%, 15%. It was conducted that to evaluate performance of formaldehyde adsorption for improvement of decontamination of functional wallpaper as compared each case. As a result, adsorption rate of formaldehyde for seven days was shown 50.43% when added 5 weight percent formaldehyde scavenger, 60.21% when added 7 weight percent, 63.45% when added 10 weight percent, and 73.58% when added 15 weight percent, respectively. So, adsorption rate is as increased as added formaldehyde scavenger. Also, Total amount of adsorption is as increased as added formaldehyde scavenger. it was shown
when added 15 weight percent formaldehyde scavenger.