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Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design
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Journal DOI :
Architectural Institute of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 12 - Dec 2013
Volume 29, Issue 11 - Nov 2013
Volume 29, Issue 10 - Oct 2013
Volume 29, Issue 9 - Sep 2013
Volume 29, Issue 8 - Aug 2013
Volume 29, Issue 7 - Jul 2013
Volume 29, Issue 6 - Jun 2013
Volume 29, Issue 5 - May 2013
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Apr 2013
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Mar 2013
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Feb 2013
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Jan 2013
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Establishment of Size-Computation Planning of the Cruise Terminal
Choi, Hoon-Ho ; Woo, Shin-Koo ; Jung, Soon-Won ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 7, 2013, Pages 3~10
The internal cruise Terminals for cruise port operation and customers have been not systematized like the airport passenger terminal standards. Therefore, this study is to estimate the scale of the necessary facilities such as CIQ(customs, immigration and quarantine) and to set up the service level for the cruise terminal design. For the purpose, the result of the field study of the Dong-sam dong cruise terminal, the survey of a related organization and the abroad case study was compared with current status of facilities such as CIQ and design manual & process of a international airport.
Design Hotel Retrieval System Based on Ontology of Architectural Elements
Yoo, Ji-In ; Song, Kyu-Man ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 7, 2013, Pages 11~18
A design hotel is a category of hotel, which is specialized by creative spaces and individualized services. It has been an opportunity to small-sized hotel among major franchised hotel market. One of the main reason of this success is rapid adaptation of complex and diverse needs of customers to various architectural elements of design hotel. From this success, we can learn that rapid response of targeted customers is a key of success. To response rapidly changing customers need, analyzing architectural elements composing hotel spaces will be an essential process. However, a research on analyzing customer characteristics and find its relation to architectural elements have not been reported yet to authors knowledge. Therefore, main goal of this paper is construction of design hotel retrieval system by analyzing the architectural elements by an ontology. We construct architectural elements ontology by studying design hotels built in recent period, to investigate applicability of analyzed data in design hotel planning process. To this end, similarities between design hotels and difference of architectural presentation styles are investigated based on the fact that design hotels are designed for targeted customers characteristics. Based on this results, we aim to provide intuitive information for future design hotel development.
A Study on the Spatial Connection System of Intermediate Spaces in the Tokyo Midtown
Kim, Young-Hoon ; Roh, Ji-Eun ; Lim, Soo-Young ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 7, 2013, Pages 19~26
As a demand of multi-purpose buildings in civic area, the large scale and multi functioning buildings is replaced with a single buildings. But, actually, there are so many functions and facilities in multi-purpose buildings, that many architectural considerations, especially the control of traffic lines or their connections, are made easily for keeping the user spending their time without prevention in city scale multi purpose buildings. In this study, the traffic connection system in Tokyo Midtown is investigated by using of spatial configuration graphic of circulation with function diagram and bubble diagram and is cleared that there are architectural traffic connections both in city scale complex buildings and in particular buildings related to outer open spaces. The result of this study is; Tokyo Midtown has separated approaches from front and backward open spaces; All buildings are connected with galleria and pedestrian mall; all public buildings are connected with main plaza and individual buildings connected lobby and corridor separated functionally; There are residential, service, cultural and commercial facilities are mixed, but have a exclusive transition system without sharing other cores; interface spaces play a great roles in connecting or separating complex other facilities and buildings in Tokyo Midtown.
A Study on the Characteristics of Mixed Use Urban Housing Typology Located at the Deep and Narrow Lot - Comparative Study Focused on the Foreign Residential District in Incheon Settlement Area -
Park, Cho-Long ; Kim, Il-Hyun ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 7, 2013, Pages 27~34
Recently many interests focus the importance of various urban elements that compose the urban fact beyond the architectural objects. Physical components such as lot, street, plaza and settlement form are evaluated as much important as singular buildings. Other considerable opinions and theories emphasize human activities as vital factors that generate sense and character of space compared to physical constituents of urban fabrics. This study focuses on the figurative value of lots that had came to persists to exist until today. Incheon has always been a main gate to international confluent of commodities and culture. Even before the forced colonialization by Japan, many foreign communities came to settle in the current Junggu District Area in the form of patch work. Each of these foreign district was characterized the identity of the community and at the same the streets were vitalized by coexistence of commerce and residency. Most of the lots that configure each district has narrow and deep form. Now only few of the actual buildings survive and other lots were filled by non distinctive buildings mostly out of business. Municipality currently proposes a design guideline to conserve and vitalize as touristic attraction. However, such premise consider only apparent factors to anachronistically restore formal affinity by mimetic approach. This research firstly, focuses on the importance of urban fabric and the characteristics of building typology, secondly on the program to fulfill the daily activities by mixing commercial and residential requirements, and thirdly, on the formal value of mixing new buildings in old urban fabric.
A Study on Space Organization and Circulation of the Joint-Use Libraries Based on the Types of the Joint Facilities
Park, Ji-Hun ; Park, Chang-Bae ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 7, 2013, Pages 35~44
The purpose of this study is to understand spatial characteristics of the joint-use library based on the types of the joint facilities. Today, public libraries have been changed by social movement and needs of visitors. These changes show that library is not just a space to read and study. Diverse alternatives are introduced to promote the sense of community and accomodate the diverse needs of users especially in United Kingdom and United States. Increasing number of new libraries are the joint-use library as an alternative. The joint-use library has a different space organization and administration methode from the general public library. It is very important to study the existing joint-use libraries to understand the general feature of the joint-use library and find the different characteristics of the joint-use libraries due to its combined facility. The result of the study shows that the joint-use library has various spatial configurations according to the joint facilities. The significant difference in the spacial configurations is that the libraries jointed with commercial and residential have strong boundaries between facilities, while the library jointed with cultural facilities have the flexible boundary often sharing entrances.
A Study on the Evaluating Structure Analysis and the Image Evaluation for the Lighting Environment of the Residential Spaces
Lee, Jin-Sook ; Choi, Jong-Moon ; Kim, So-Yeon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 7, 2013, Pages 45~53
This study is aimed to investigate how the occupants evaluate the lighting environment and which components of the lighting environment affect the occupants, in order to plan the lighting environment reflecting the needs and preferences of the occupants. Therefore, the purpose is to draw the planning condition of the lighting environment considering the sensitivity of the occupants by identifying the relationship between the lighting environment and the emotion of the residential space. For this purpose, we make the evaluating structure model for the lighting environment of users by using the interview research methods led by questions. A total of 16 rating vocabularies were derived such as warm cozy delicate luxurious soft comfortable neat bright clear tidy harmonious various wide refined fresh stable ; With regard to the characteristics of the lighting environment components, they were classified as the physical characteristics of the lighting -which is evaluated by the range for the correlated color temperature of the lighting and the brightness of the space; the characteristics of the lighting-applied type -which is evaluated by the lighting layout due to the placement of Illumination source, illumination methods by the light distribution, the architectural lighting, and the direction of the illumination source; and the characteristics of the lighting installation -which is evaluated by the number, illuminated places, and locations of the lighting application and the motion control method of the lighting fixtures. Also, based on theses analysis results, we induced characteristics and types of the image evaluation structure for the lighting environment through the evaluation by each vocabulary for the evaluating targets of the lighting environment.
A Comparative Study on the User Participatory Design Methodology for School Facilities Between England, Germany, Japan and Korea
Lee, Hwa-Ryong ; Cho, Chang-Hee ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 7, 2013, Pages 55~63
The study aims to compare and analyse the user participatory design methodology for school facilities between England, Germany, Japan and Korea. It explores the leading theories and applicable cases concerning user participatory design through a literature survey of existing theses and special books. In order to apply user participatory design methods in actual school construction, the study undertook a comparative analysis of domestic cases as well as foreign cases such as those of the UK, Germany, and Japan. As a result of analyzing the cases of applying user participatory design in school design at home and abroad, it was concluded to be necessary also for Korea to identify user demand for design and to introduce a systematic system for evaluating alternatives such as the design quality indicators of the UK. Also, as in Germany, there is a need for proposing long-term, diverse user participatory design methods in which users participate from design to construction. Finally it concludes to be necessary to utilize user participation design methods as a solution to improve design quality and creating new design approach to a local community as well as simply to school design.
The Daylight and Ventilation Satisfaction Depending on the Layout Type and Window Size on the Front and Back Sides of an Apartment and Its Influences on Residents' Atopy Symptoms
Kim, Min-A ; Lee, Jae-Hoon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 7, 2013, Pages 65~72
This paper aims to compare the residents' daylight and ventilation satisfaction depending on the layout type and window size of the front and back sides on an apartment, and its influences on residents' atopy symptoms. Based on the results of this study, this paper is expected to provide the basic data to design effective residential environments in terms of daylight and ventilation. In summary, regardless of the direction where an apartment faces, daylight satisfaction can be higher if it has an appropriate window size and layout. In case of the satisfaction of ventilation quality, the environmental factors influence on ventilation quality. Furthermore, these factors affect not only the development of residents' atopy symptoms, but also the residents' behavioral pattern of ventilation.
A Study of Geographical Planning Between Kunsuri-Temple and Whajee-Temple - According to Comparative Study Between Asuka-Temple and Toura-Temple in Japan -
Kim, Seung-Je ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 7, 2013, Pages 73~80
A study about buddhist temple landscape construction in Baekje Sabi Period is very few to find. Because, we can find a little information in Samkuk-saki and Samkuk-yusa about buddhist temple Baekje Sabi Period. Therefore, we cannot help depending on the archaeological excavation in Korea. But, very fortunately, according to Japan ancient historial records(like Nihon-seaki etc.), we can find many abundant informations about buddhist temple for Baekje Sabi Period. So, a present writer can built up a hypothesis that buddhist temple landscape construction in Baekje Sabi Period can recompose according to understand Japan's early records about buddhist temple landscape construction. A aim of this study is to reproduce about buddhist temple landscape construction in Baekje Sabi Period. For a goal of this study, we can find a same systematic quality between Beakje Kunsuri-temple and Japan Asuka-temple.
A Study on the Planning Factors of Boarding Facilities in Passenger Terminals of Medium-Small Sized Domestic Airports in Korea
Choi, Kil-Jun ; Park, Jong-Hwa ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 7, 2013, Pages 81~90
In Korea, the application of the same passenger traffic calculation criteria for small, medium and large airports without differentiation of their respective facilities and capability, results in a considerable variation in passenger boarding processing time. Failing to apply the appropriate passenger traffic calculation criteria at the initial airport design stage can result in subsequent disruption of airport operations due to remodeling as well as expansion of airport facilities. Based on extensive investigation into the causes of the variation in passenger boarding processing time, this study has developed effective passenger traffic calculation criteria to optimize the effectiveness and efficiency of small-medium sized airports taking into consideration different types of boarding facilities. Furthermore, this study also provides passenger circulation data to improve passenger terminal planning and design with the aim of building a passenger-oriented airport. The results of this study provides a more rational floor plan criteria for passenger airport terminals, thereby improving the level of passenger service and satisfaction. This study is to propose a reasonable calculation criteria of capability of passenger terminal at medium-small size airports. It also suggests more efficient passenger flow setting and terminal planning based on the analysis of passenger flow and hours of stay.
Study on the Facade Design Using Parametric Modeling Methods
Lee, Kyung-Sun ; Lee, Chae-Lyun ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 7, 2013, Pages 91~101
In this study, we sought to better understand recent trends in the use of parametric methods for building envelope design. Ten representative projects are selected for the case study. We found that there is a definite trend in designing parametric facades by comparing their formational intent, characteristics, benefits, and effects. Earlier projects were more motivated by a desire to create aesthetically pleasing and geometrically complex facades, whereas recent buildings were designed with functional purposes in mind, emphasizing the use of performing envelopes. We conclude that, first, parametric facades have many functional purposes, including view control, noise reduction, improved lighting and ventilation, energy efficiency, better material distribution, and providing different structural benefits. Second, parametric facades have been considered as intelligent envelope designs as they have the justification of having improved functions built to them. Third, they have evolved over time to reflect the idiosyncratic characteristics of their context and culture.
A Study on the Chronological Hospital Geography Change of General Hospital
Kim, Eun-Seok ; Yang, Nae-Won ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 7, 2013, Pages 103~110
The hospital architecture has been developed with a current trend because it is affected by development of technology, health policy, including the development of community-level changes in the needs of society. In this study, after hospital architecture from 1980's to 2000's is analyzed through change of functional space location and spatial area composition, this study is observed change of Hospital Geography. There are many differences about hospital geography of Korean hospital when the hospital is analyzed between the sector and functional space which is categorized by sector. From this study, trend of hospital architecture planning like this center, one-stop service comes to hospital relation with healthcare environment. Especially change of space area and space location occurs in main department, depth of between outpatient and examination department increasingly is becoming equal because of change of healthcare environment, paradigm. From now on hospital architecture planning need to consider with area, location, environment as well as change of inside function.
The Empirical Study on the Correlation Between House Sale Price and the Winning Bid to Appraised Price Ratio
Chun, Hae-Jung ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 7, 2013, Pages 111~118
In this study, the dynamic correlation between CD rates, the winning bid to appraised price ratio of apartment in Seoul, the number of auction of apartment in Seoul, and the selling price of apartment in Seoul was analyzed based on the monthly data from July 2002 to March 2013. The long-term equilibrium relationship between the variables existed, VECM was composed and the long-term equilibrium formula was estimated. As a result of the impulse response analysis, it is shown that the selling price has negative (-) correlation with the CD rate, positive (+) correlation with the winning bid to appraised price ratio, and negative (-) correlation with the number of auction, which is consistent with the general economic logic and the sign of the long-term equilibrium formula as the co-integration test result. Through the empirical analysis, it is found that the auction market has a causal relationship and the long-term equilibrium relationship with actual house market.
A Suggestion of 1-2 Person Household Unit Plan in Urban-Compact Housing for the Target Group Having New Lifestyle
Sung, Lee-Yong ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 7, 2013, Pages 119~126
The purpose of this study is to suggest the one room type plan of Urban-Compact housing for the various generations and Target Group reflected new life style. The method of this study is as follows. First, we suggested some differentiation factors through analyzing the preceding researches about the life style and Urban-Compact housing. Second, we compressed nine cases (which were developed in 2011) among one room type plan of Urban-Compact housing and then categorized some type through the 40 unit plan analysis. Third, we analyzed some specialized foreign interior case through the internet. Finally, we could set the target group's space classified by life style and then drew some problem of the Urban-Compact housing. So we suggested improving unit plan. The result of this study is as follows. First, one room type cases of Urban-Compact housing almost had same plan, kitchen and storage closet were drawn as its major consistent factors. Second, we could catch the target group preferring independent space was cocooning, newlywed couple, retired couple. So we suggested its plan as the concept 'flexible units space' and separated bed room and living room as the private space in house from the other space. Third, we suggested the study space and office space reflecting various life style as the additional approach. The cocooning and newlywed couple preferred a large bathroom. Fourth, the target group of the student, new employee and retired couple tended to install some furniture for getting space. So we suggested the pop-up furniture and bar for the target group.
Issues and Improvements Related to Barrier-Free by Type of Public Housing from the View of Movements Verification - Focused on Remodeling of Hyogo Prefectural Housing in Japan -
Cho, Min-Jung ; Murosaki, Chie ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 7, 2013, Pages 127~134
In this research, verification about the ease of use of a dwelling unit plan is performed, and it aims at proposing the device of actually realizable barrier-free consideration. The candidates for investigation are remodeling of Hyogo Prefectural Housing in which barrier-free repair was carried out. In Japan with rapidly aging population, New Barrier-Free Acts were enforced in 2006 and comprehensive measures are in progress for village construction. However, when looking into "spaces designed in consideration of the aged and the disabled", there are many areas that fail to reflect the need of users. Korea also, due to the rapid increase in elderly population, Barrier-free design and universal design has been recognized importance. The following things became clear as a result of investigation. 1) The position in which a handrail and an operation panel are installed is not unified. The installation position of a handrail or an operation panel is unified about a bathroom, a toilet, and a kitchen. 2) When determining the position in which a handrail and an operation panel are installed, the actually used images are insufficient.
A Case Study of Amsterdam Student Housing Using Container Architecture for the Development of Temporary Dwelling Space - Focused on the Student Housing of "Keetwonen" -
Mun, Young-A ; Kim, Mi-Kyoung ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 7, 2013, Pages 135~143
The purpose of this study was to analyze architectural characteristics of student housing, Keetwonen, the name of the biggest container city in the world according to Tempohousing, modular design firm based in Amsterdam, Netherlands, for the development of temporary dwelling space as case study. A document research and field survey were used to analyze and classify the architectural characteristics of the Keetwonen. Based on the results of the critical review, the framework of this study was composed of four dimensions such as habitability, ubiquity, sustainability and affordability. Keetwonen, had good credits in the four dimensions of the framework, showing the potential of sustainable and flexible planning. The results of this study suggest that good conditions of habitability are essential to the residents' satisfaction and psychological responses. Most of all, social interrelationship among residents need to be encouraged through various community facilities in order to strengthen the residents' belongings to the community. This research can be a basis for the application of the container architecture to the affordable housings for college students, further, officer and workers.
A Study of Facade-Poche in Architects' Collective Design - Focused on Bundang Exhibition House, Paju Bookcity, and Heiry Art Valley -
Kwak, Yong-Seong ; Cho, Soo-Jin ; Song, Ha-Yub ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 7, 2013, Pages 145~152
This research is the study of the development of In-between space in Architects' collective design since 1990s. Three examples such as Bundang Exhibition House, Paju bookcity, and Heiry Art Valley, will be analyzed in terms of the development of design guidelines and the site survey of built environments. In doing so, an architectural design element named as "facade-poche" will be introduced. A facade-poche designated the surface and space around the building facade. It would be overhead weather protection in general. Three examples of collective design will be analyzed with the element of facade-poche. Together, design guidelines of each design will be scrutinized in order to propose and alternative guideline and the form of facade-poche.
A Study on Design Plan of the Coexistence Restore for Archeological Relics and Modern Industrial Heritage Facilities in Site of Anyang Yuyu Industrial Co.
Oh, Jong-Hwa ; Choi, Dong-Hyeog ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 7, 2013, Pages 153~162
Due to economic growth in 1960s, urbanization and industrialization occurred the concentration of the population and function. This concentration made the quantitative expansion of the city. As a result, most of industrial facilities were built without cultural property survey or excavation process. In this process, historical heritage and modern industrial heritage are sometimes mixed ant that is nested with some time-term. In addition, many kinds of previous industrial-facility-located place that were occurred the closure of the industrial park or in the course of metropolitan outskirts, are existed neglected space in the city center and that is not compatible with other city scenes. Therefore, in this study, I'll research effective regeneration way of Anyang Yuyu industrial Co. which is neglected abandoned land in the city and coexists with time-layered cultural heritage and industrial heritage.
An Analysis on Sphere of Living for Sustainable Community Organizations - Focused on Daily Life in Hillside Areas on Tae Pyeong-Dong Original Part of Seongnam City -
Han, Kyung-Ho ; Han, Ko-Eun ; Lee, Young ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 7, 2013, Pages 163~170
In recent years, the methods for regenerating deteriorated residence have changed from re-constructions and re-developments to comprehensive management. This means improvement not only the concern of residence area as a settlement but also the perception to the right of residence. Nevertheless, the attention of neighborhood based on walking distance, until now, analysis and study have limits of two dimensional perspective. Because in hill, areas, walking condition must be analyzed according to a gradient with a prudent approach to neighborhood unit. This study is an analysis on city structures in respect to neighborhoods based on re-arrangements neighborhood cohesion scaled infrastructures for the base to regenerate deteriorated residence. In this study, to propose continuity of urban tissue based on daily life and topography, it is analyzed that spatial structures according to a neighborhood of a typical hillside city Seongnam City the first artificial planned city in modern period.
Aesthetic Complementarities of the East and the West Expressed in Ieoh Ming Pei's Architectural Language
Moon, Jung-Pil ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 7, 2013, Pages 171~180
This study was intended to derive architectural characteristics which constitutes mutual complementarities from the viewpoint of modern architecture, where the aesthetics of the East and the West are merged, by extracting aesthetic elements of the East and the West expressed through the time and space of Ieoh Ming Pei's architecture. The complementarities of aesthetic thoughts of the East and the West expressed in Ieoh Ming Pei's architectural language was derived sequentially in order of 'the temporality by the variability' in 1970s, 'the circulation by the repeatability' in the mid-1980s, 'the monument by eco-friendly' from the late-1980s to mid-1990s and 'The abstractness of the traditional beauty by the recovery of relationship with the periphery' from the late-1990s to 2000s These complementarities are the chronological and spatial characteristics of architecture which surpasses the existing individual aesthetic recognition of the East and the West, in that the thoughts of the East and the West are coexistence in modern architecture. Accordingly it was confirmed that the aesthetic conflicts between the background emotion of the thoughts of the East where Pei was born and raised and the western architecture is not the conflict between aesthetics of the East and the West, but mutual complementary value.
The Western-Style Mansions in Seoul in the Late 1930's - Focusing on Three Mansions designed by Korean Architects -
Huh, Yoo-Jin ; Woo, Don-Son ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 7, 2013, Pages 181~188
It is evident that certain mansions built in the 1910's for the Korean aristocrats in Seoul designed by foreign architects were used for receptions instead of functioning as regular dwellings. Only in the late 1930's were Korean architects able to start designing the western style mansions adapted to the actual Korean locality. The three mansions studied in this research show in plan that kitchen and annexe spaces are applied to the western style mansions. They are characterized by using 'the three-bay layout with a vestibule' or 'the two-bay layout with a hall' instead of using 'the central corridor type' derived from the Japanese houses of the 1930's. It is also noteworthy to examine how the traditional dwelling Hanok were attached to the western style mansions. In general, Hanok was connected to the western style mansion with a separate corridor while the Japanese house was directly attached to the western style mansion. Both of Hanok and Western style mansion were used for dwelling. Commonly, this double way of life with Hanok has been considered pre-modern. These three cases were, however, not relevant to the modernization though built in the late 1930's. It was rather a matter of clients' taste or architects' choice.
A Study on the Using Behavior of the Foreigne Workers on the Street in Gimhae
Kang, Hye-Won ; Ko, In-Seok ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 7, 2013, Pages 189~197
This study focuses on the correlation between the using behavior of the foreign workers and the variation of street environment through the empirical analysis of street-use-pattern of themselves in Gim-hae city. As a result of this study, there will be new implications to discourses on foreign immigrant workers who are consolidating their positions as major members of Korean society.
A Study on Measures to Revitalize University Towns - Focusing on Image Analyses for District Unit Plan for University Towns in Seoul with the Use of Housing and Tenure Type -
Moon, Sun-Ki ; Shin, Eun-Kyung ; Kim, Sei-Yong ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 7, 2013, Pages 199~210
The role of a university in a local society changes according to the trend of an age. Universities in this period play an important role for the local economy by opening their facilities to local residents and holding various cultural and liberal arts courses. In this circumstance, a university's surrounding area may be perceived to be in strongly mutual relations with the university. Currently, some areas designated as university district unit planning areas in the city of Seoul area include obsolete buildings and infrastructure, and unvitalized local economies require improvement. In order for these areas to be equipped with their own respective competitiveness, it is necessary not to organize physical elements such as buildings and roads, but to set their own unique images. As for a measure to vitalize a university area's local community, the purpose of this study is to draw out regions' own unique images by university by establishing the respective regions' own images and by making an assumption at the same time that forming positive placeness must be prioritized. Also, this study has reviewed factors affecting the formation of placeness and their relationships among one another. The study was conducted largely through literature and field studies, and newspaper analyses, field studies, and survey studies were conducted on regions nearby Hanyang University, Sookmyung Women's University, Sungkyunkwan University, and Kyunghee University. This study is meaningful in that this will set specific approaches for establishing various university areas' environment improvement projects, while enabling the approaches to focus on specific aspects.
Porosity of Walter Benjamin and Landscape of Urban Architecture
Cho, Yong-Soo ; Park, Gyu-Hyun ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 7, 2013, Pages 211~220
Walter Benjamin suggested 'porosity' as an important factor for making urban life and space when he studied and read european cities especially Napoli. Though the porosity he suggested was a little primitive and "barbarous", it becomes an important concept to make urban life inhabitable and urban space fertile. We studied a theoretical background for the application of porosity to urban architecture and experimentally probed a readability of the city Busan with it. First, we studied on reading methodology of 'image', 'trace' and 'body' as a basic theory to read the 'metropolis'. With this background we could establish 4 characteristics of urban porosity, ambiguities of "inside and outside", "old and new", "public and private", and "improvision and theatericality". With this concept of Benjamin's porosity we could read and analyse that of Busan Metropolis.
The Analysis of the Actual Situation of the Evaluation and Certification System of the Basic Plan Based on the Revision of the Law on Central City Revitalization of Japan
Song, Ki-Baek ; Kim, Young-Ha ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 7, 2013, Pages 221~228
The purpose of this study is to analyze the actual situation of the evaluation and certification system of the basic plan based on the revision of the law on central city revitalization of Japan to draw some lessons for the Korean system. As a result, we can notice various conditions, the first is intensive measures for integration of various urban functions and consideration of people in area that has been selected as a key area. The second is to design together from the initial planning by the various entities. The third is to build data-base used for later diagnostics in various sectors. The fourth is periodic management and evaluation by determining planning period and clear numerical targets and various indicators. The fifth is dealing with the long-term plan.
Response of Occupants to Indoor Environmental Information
Kim, Ki-Cheol ; Park, Cheol-Soo ; Kim, In-Han ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 7, 2013, Pages 229~237
For better building system controls and occupant's comfort, a number of sensors and network technologies have been developed and applied to building systems. However, indoor environmental information (indoor air temperature, humidity, CO2 concentration, illumination level, luminance, etc.) is not properly provided for occupants in most modern buildings even though it has been well acknowledged that such information can impact occupant's behavior and increase occupant's satisfaction. As reported in many studies (IBPSA proceedings 2005-2011), understanding of occupant's behavior is very essential for better application of HVAC systems. This study reports the impact of environmental information on occupant's response and behavior. A series of experiments were conducted in a university laboratory (floor area: 54m2, the maximum number of occupants: 11) to analyze relationship between provision of information and response of occupants. As a result, occupants' behavior have been influenced by real-time provision of indoor environmental information. In particular, their responses to keep the CO2 concentration under 1,000ppm shows that occupants can become intelligent and energy-health-conscious agents when richer information is provided. In this paper, it is concluded that occupants can respond intelligently and successfully to indoor built environment when proper information is timely provided. The paper also shows that when occupants are informed of indoor environment, they can behave as an intelligent agent, far surpassing sophisticated mechanical systems.
A Study on Daylighting Performance Evaluation for the Green Building Certification and Daylight Prediction According to Design Elements
Kim, Han-Yong ; Kim, Kang-Soo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 7, 2013, Pages 239~246
The daylighting plan is required for the improving of visual comfort in the early stage of building construction. The objective of this study is to predict and evaluate the daylighting performance with various parameters of the office building envelop according to the overseas Green Building Certification. The mock-up space is defined that represents a cell type office of
, the ratio of lateral to longitudinal length is 1:2). First, we compared the measured workplane illuminance and the simulated workplane illuminance by Daysim program. Second, we analysed DF and illuminances of the mock-up space by daylighting section of CASBEE and BREEAM. Third, we applied parameters of envelope to the based model (mock-up space) and evaluated the Daylight performance (simulated illuminance and DF) with the Daysim program. As a result, simulated illuminance is smaller than measured illuminance by 10% and it is relatively similar. Workplane illuminance and DF are increased according to the increasing of the window visible transmittance and the window to wall ratio, and they are linearly proportional. We can predict daylighting performance as illuminances and daylight factor, and propose the design guideline according to the assessment area and the ratio of lateral to longitudinal length and of element.
Evaluation of Antifungal Performance of Wallpapers According to Sorption Properties
Moon, Hyeun-Jun ; Kim, Kyeong-Min ; Ryu, Seung-Ho ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 7, 2013, Pages 247~254
The hygric properties of building materials are related to condensation phenomena and biological contaminants such as fungi infestations, especially in building environments. If the relationship between mould growth and hygric properties is identified and the appropriate building materials are used indoor, it can protect indoor environment from infection of mould. The purpose of this study is to find the relationships between sorption properties and mould germination/growth on wallpapers. An experimental study was conducted to characterize the sorption properties of the selected wallpapers. The sorption properties of the selected wallpapers were obtained at various relative humidity conditions. Then, the selected wallpapers were inoculated with three fungi species and mould germination/growth rates were observed. The correlations between sorption properties and mould germination/growth rate were analyzed. The results showed that the wallpapers that had high sorption properties, which resulted in higher antifungal performance compared to the wallpapers with lower sorption properties.
A Study on the Characteristics of the Energy Performance in Curtain Wall Building - Focused on the Glazing Type, Window to Wall Ratio and Internal Gains -
Yoon, Yong-Sang ; Choi, Won-Ki ; Sim, Myung-Hee ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 7, 2013, Pages 255~263
Most of the newly built office buildings contains curtain wall structures with a high window-to-wall ratio, which raise concerns over the excessive energy consumption due to the glass with a relatively high heat transmission coefficient. However, when an office building has high insulation performance as high as the walls of residential buildings due to larger cooling load compared to heating load and the high heating value generated within the building, the reduction of conductive heat loss can cause an increase in energy demand. Therefore, in this study, fundamental research on the characteristics of energy performance based on the conditions of glazing performance, window area ratio and internal heat generation when planning office buildings, was carried out and the results are as follows. An increase in internal heating value caused slight decrease in heating energy while increasing significantly cooling energy demand. Also, low heat transmission coefficient of glazing reduced conductive heat loss, increasing the energy demand. As window area ratio decreased at SHGC greater than 0.3, the energy demand was also reduced. In the future, reasonable standards for the glazing performance (U-factor, SHGC, VLT) to reduce the energy consumption in office buildings are to be derived through the analysis of the energy demands based on more diverse building sizes, and also, using the standards, glazing design guidelines to afford appropriate selection of glazing in the planning stages of buildings should be developed.
Field Measurement of VOC Concentrations in New Apartments
Yoon, Jae-Ock ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 7, 2013, Pages 265~272
Recently the problem of indoor air quality in new apartments has become a serious issue. Therefore, this study targets the main causes of Sick House Syndrome caused by VOC (formaldehyde, benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylene, styrene). We obtained the indoor air quality data for the two types of new apartments that comprised 16 units. The results are summarized as follows. 1) The average formaldehyde concentration was
, benzene was
, toluene was
, ethylbenzene was
, xylene was
, and styrene was
. 2) Indoor air quality analysis results showed that the formaldehyde concentration exceeded the recommended standard. However, other concentrations of volatile organic compounds satisfied indoor air quality recommendation standards.
A Study on the Building Energy Evaluation Using Land Plus Mass Parameter Family of Building Information Modeling at the Early Design Stage
Choi, Jeong-Min ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 7, 2013, Pages 273~280
The purpose of this study was to make land plus mass families of building information modeling in the early design stage which make building forms considering allowable building-to-land ratio and floor area ratio at the concerned site. Two types of Mass families are made, one of which is the box(rectangle)-type mass family(Case 1 model) and the other is the mixed row and high box-type mass family(Case 2 model). Finally, energy evaluation of these mass families are performed with 2 previous cases and 6 alternatives developed from lateral to longitudinal ratio of plan and floor stories elements and application measures are proposed.
Analysis of Cognition Effectiveness of Emergency Light According to the Luminance of BackGround Surface in Underground Space
Son, Jong-Yeong ; Lee, Soo-Ho ; Jeon, Gyu-Yeob ; Hong, Won-Hwa ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 7, 2013, Pages 281~288
In the case of Daegu subway arson in 2003, it was found out that the evacuation system could not play its own role in the dense smoke and blackout during the fire. Due to the dense cloud of smoke and blackout, the people could not easily find the way out. Proper emergency light plan considered cognitive characteristics of evacuees is set up in such places, if so it will be a great help for evacuation. The information obtained through visual sense induces behaviors intuitively. So, effective evacuee guidance is implemented by installing various evacuation guidance devices (emergency lights and luminous egress guide-lines). In connection with this topic, Jeon Gyu-yeob(2011) carried out an on-the-spot experiment focused on changes in visual perceptional evacuation environment and evacuation abilities. And on the basis of the results, he carried out a study on changes in evacuation behaviors through visual perceptional restriction. However, studies on characteristics of visual perception that has an effect on behaviors of evacuees and evacuation behaviors are not sufficient. Therefore this study examined the effect of background luminance of the emergency light induced to recognize the emergency light. Therefore, to produce a device for adjusting the brightness experiment, this study simulated evacuation experiments were performed for 136 people. The value of the result indicated by seek time of emergency light, evacuation time and emergency light cognition distance.
Development of the Cooling Energy Analysis Tool for Green Data Centers and Evaluation of Alternatives for Different Climate
Cho, Jin-Kyun ; Park, Woo-Pyoung ; Shin, Seung-Ho ; Lee, Jin-Young ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 7, 2013, Pages 289~298
Data centers can consume up to 40 times as much electricity as standard office spaces. In an average data center, 40% of the electricity is consumed by the cooling system. This paper provides an overview of best practices for energy-efficient green data center design which spans the categories of IT environmental conditions, cooling systems. Therefore, the objective of this study is to develop a GDCEET: green data center energy evaluation tool that may be used by engineers and designers to assess the effectiveness and economic benefits of energy-saving cooling system under different climatic conditions. The developed tool is focused on energy consumption characteristics of data center cooling systems. The optimal green data center models were also derived by using evaluation tool and predict the PUE(power usage efficiency) under a wide range of IT operating conditions and different climate. It is anticipated that the developed tool will facilitate the integration of energy efficiency in green data center design and construction.
Comparative Analysis on Certification Score Data of G-SEED for Schools
Park, Ah-Reum ; Cho, Dong-Woo ; Mok, Seon-Soo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 7, 2013, Pages 299~308
Korean green building assessment tool have been known as Green Building Certification Criteria (GBCC), and it has been recently called as G-SEED(Green standards for Sustainable Energy and Environmental Design). In the process of developing green building criteria, the approach is important to analyze the previous acquired score data. This study purposes to research the current condition of G-SEED for schools as comparing before and after G-SEED 2010 revision. This study investigates the pre-certified schools, assessed in between 2009 and 2012(December), and analyzes their acquired score data complied from the all certification organizations. This study presents the average scores and the standard deviation of pre-certified schools along with categories, items, and classified levels; compares the assessment level and the difficulty level of each category and item between 'Before revision' and 'After revision'; and figures categories and items, which needs to be developed. Therefore, this paper aims that the research data, such as the factors which affect to scores and the results of the assessment level and the difficulty level of the each category and item, will be used to the next revision.
A Study on the Building Energy Performance Depending on the Blind Location, Blind Operation and Glazing Type
Yoon, Yeo-Beom ; Kim, Dong-Soo ; Park, Jang-Woo ; Lee, Kwang-Ho ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 7, 2013, Pages 309~316
As the building energy consumption is being elevated, a variety of methods to reduce the building energy have been suggested these days. Due to the increased usage of curtain-wall system, the solar penetration into the space has significantly increased, causing both visual and thermal discomfort. The shading device has been considered to be one of the effective ways to resolve the discomfort issues. This study investigated the heating and cooling load variations with regard to the blind location, operation and slat reflectance. The impact of the different glazing types was also investigated. EnergyPlus simulation model was verified against the mock-up measurement data and the parametric analysis was performed using the verified simulation model. The results show that the exterior blind turned out to reduce the annual heating and cooling load by 9%, which is larger than that of the interior blind.
Analysis of Generation Pattern and Generation Amount of Asbestos Containing Material, When Demolition of Buildings in the Housing Redevelopment District
Kim, Young-Chan ; Hong, Won-Hwa ; Son, Byeung-Hun ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 29, issue 7, 2013, Pages 317~324
In this country, the use of asbestos was banned completely according to revision of Industrial Safety and Health Law in February of 2009. Especially, more than 82% of imported asbestos is used as building materials. Slate among materials included asbestos is used wide along with economic development by the 1960s, so more than about 1 million and 230 thousand buildings are distributed on a national scale. Such slate becomes superannuated, so arsenic acid in asbestos can become a problem. Therefore, change is pushing ahead by the government. In safety control about asbestos enforced at April of 2012, it is obligated to investigate buildings included asbestos beforehand, and is stipulated to take asbestos out as specified waste before general construction materials are demolished. However, there is no study about prediction of generation pattern and generation amount of asbestos containing material, so there is much trouble from level of investigation-plan establishment and investigation-cost computation. Therefore, the study selects a district of housing redevelopment and does exhaustive search of buildings in the district. And then, generation pattern of asbestos containing material is analyzed, and its calculation formula of generation amount is deducted. It can be going to be used economically in asbestos-work planning of district unit such as district of housing redevelopment and housing environment amelioration district, and in prediction of generation amount and processing cost about asbestos waste.