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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Architectural Institute of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 12 - Dec 2014
Volume 30, Issue 11 - Nov 2014
Volume 30, Issue 10 - Oct 2014
Volume 30, Issue 9 - Sep 2014
Volume 30, Issue 8 - Aug 2014
Volume 30, Issue 7 - Jul 2014
Volume 30, Issue 6 - Jun 2014
Volume 30, Issue 5 - May 2014
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Apr 2014
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Mar 2014
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Feb 2014
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Jan 2014
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Supporting System of the Public Rental Housing in Japan
Yoon, Hye-Yeong ; Yoo, Hae-Yeon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 3~14
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.1.003
There is a growing tendency within decaying cities to analyze spatial characteristics to initiate various sustainable development programs and support systems to make high-quality and small-medium sized urban housing for the urban poor. Professional research institutions in Korea are looking for new guidance into making social housing regeneration systems and design direction. But there is a lack of research on support systems and legal programs for the urban poor. The purpose of this study will be to analyze the support systems of Japan for the public rental housing in residential blocks since the Japanese government have developed the urban poor housing policy for housing blocks. And they are establishing support systems to improve the quality of the residential environment and the resettlement of existing residents. This study will investigate and analyze : 1) the conditions and problems of the urban housing blocks and the public rental housing system in Japan. 2) support systems and policies for the public rental housing. 3) derive the best practices from these systems.
A Study on the Planning Characteristics of Aboard Container Housings
Yoo, Hae-Yeon ; Park, Yeon-Jeong ; Cho, Jong-Ju ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 15~22
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.1.015
In Korea, one person households are increasing but in short supply of small-scaled housing for them. The merits of containers such as short construction duration, simple construction, economical efficiency and easy recycling can satisfy the needs of affordable households. The purpose of this study is to propose the planning of "the small-scaled Container Housing" through the analysis by case studies. Other countries around the world already have a variety of container housing types. France made a tangible accomplishment which is a Student Housing called "Cit
A Docks", which was made out of old shipping containers. It is composed of modular housing units satisfying the every needs of housing. However, container architecture in Korea is only used as temporary architecture or makeshift structures such as a warehouse, temporary residence and construction office until now. And there is lack of the research on container housings. Therefore in this study we will analyze abroad cases based on consideration on plans of Container Housing such as common space, the number of households, height, area and flexible space. As a result, this study will suggest the module system and various methods of units-combining. The result of this study will be valuable to those who are interested in commercialization of container housing. Furthermore, it will be the foundation of developing the planning of small-scaled Container Housing.
Evaluating Residents' Experiences in an Apartment Complex using a Green Building Rating System
Oh, Myoung-Won ; Cho, Myung-Eun ; Kim, Mi-Jeong ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 23~32
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.1.023
Various green building rating systems have been proposed, which can be divided into two main directions; i. identifying relevant rating criteria for green building rating systems; ii. assessing the green building rating systems for the validation. Most studies in this area adopt quantitative methods, so there is a lack of qualitative evaluation of users' interaction with green buildings. Our research aims to develop a method for evaluating green building performance emphasizing user experience in buildings. In order to evaluate the proposed method, we conducted a case study which evaluated the performance of a Korea's Green Building Certification Criteria (KGBCC) -certified green apartment. We developed a customized method for visualizing the evaluation effectively and presented the results with a focus on user-oriented factors.
A Study on Resident's Preference and Willing to Move in Regarding to Mixing of Senior Housing Types in the Regeneration of Housing Complex based on Survey & Anslysis - Focused on Bundang New Town -
Lee, Young-Chan ; Lee, Jae-Hoon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 33~44
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.1.033
This study based on a survey and an analysis is intended to examine the preference of the residents living in old apartment complexes and their willing to move in regarding to the mixing of senior housing types in the regeneration of old apartment complexes in order to respond to the rapid aging in South Korea. The starting point of the timeframe for this study was set as Febuary 2013 and the spatial range was set as the inner space of each residential complex within Apartment Village located in Bundang New Town. The scope of this study is arranged with the contents of the survey research on and the statistical analysis of the resident's preference and willing to move in regarding to a customized senior housing and a senior housing complex for health care & aging in place and their preference on the types of senior welfare facilities and the types of senior welfare service and their favorite locations for the senior welfare facilities within a complex. The main results from this study are as follows. First, it was surveyed that the residents within a complex have a high preference and a high willing to move in regarding to a customized senior housing and a senior housing for health care & continuous residence. Second, as a result from a survey on the levels of necessity for the introduction of senior welfare facilities within a housing complex, it was surveyed that the females other than the males, the people older than 30 years old and the people living in one- or two-person households have a high level of necessity. Third, as a result from a survey on the resident's preference on the types of senior welfare facilities, it was surveyed that their most favorate facilities are the senior welfare housing among the types of senior housing welfare facilities, the senior medical facility among the types of senior medical welfare facilities, the senior welfare center among senior leisure welfare facilities and the home care service among the types of in-home senior welfare facilities. Fourth, as a result from a survey on the resident's preference on the types of senior welfare service, it was surveyed that they preferred medical services the most followed by health care services. Fifth, as a result from a survey on the resident's favorite locations for the layout of senior welfare facilities within a housing complex, it was surveyed that their most favorite place was the center of a complex and their next favorite one was the vicinity of the main entrance of a complex. It can be said that this study is meaningful in the fact that it can provide with some useful data which is generated from this study based on a survey and an analysis in order to be referenced in the relevant study areas and at a planning stage for the regeneration of a housing complex in the future.
A Study on Extension of Place and its Cognition Methods - Focusing on Haeundae-gu U1-dong -
Park, Nu-Ree ; Lee, Dong-Eon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 45~52
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.1.045
The purpose of this study is to explore the characteristics of place, the architectural extension of place and its cognition methods. Placeness are generated from topography and historical culture. If some cities keep neglecting their context, the placeness is not formed and architecture is degenerated as an objets. Therefore the paper reinterpret and classify into places and how they works in the city. Places are classified according to recognition methods as topos, locus and topos locus. Again classified as form, figure and form figure, place classification is as follow: topos place with form, topos place with figure, topos place with form figure, locus place with form, locus place with figure, locus place with form figure. The debates about place have started since ancient time, scholars have tried to define the meaning of place. But their definitions are so plane that architecture can't use the definition. The paper add the concept of form and figure to extend concept of place as three dimensions. Topos is organic system with surrounding environment and locus is about object as incident and act. Form means configuration that is held to have natural meaning and figure means a configuration whose meaning is given by culture. The architecturally extensive concept of types of place is applied to Haeundae-gu U 1-dong in order to analyze and classify the quality of it.
Cost Analysis on Application of Accessible Design Features for the Elderly Housing
Lee, So-Young ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 53~60
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.1.053
With increase of aging population, accessible housing features become more important for the elderly for their independent living and aging in their houses than before. There are prevalent awareness that accessible design or barrier free housing is more expensive than the traditional housing. The purpose of this study is to explore costs of accessible housing features as an attribute of housing and find out how much cost increase occurs when accessible design features are applied. Results from cost analysis could contribute to reduce redundant or unnecessary cost for renovation or construction stages. For the study, we have identified accessible design features. Three single house types and two apartment types will be selected for accessible housing development. The same dwelling with the only difference being their accessibility conditions will be compared. According to each space, accessible design features will be enumerated based on lifetime homes, barrier free design features, and universal design features, and cost for each feature will be generated. Total costs for accessible design features applicable to existing housing buildings were calculated for renovation and construction situation. The housing structures of the cases were not built to permit adaptations, its costs for renovation to increase accessibility are much higher. When they have been built considering accessible features from the beginning of planning stage, the cost for accessible would become much lower that the cost for alternation. The estimated costs of accessible housing compared to original construction costs, range from 0.5 percent to 5.3 per cent for single house and it could increase up to 10.6 percent if an elevator will be added. The estimates range form 9.4 percent to 16.7 percent for alterations or renovation.
Analysis on the Application of Environmental-Friendly Design Factors for Wol-gok Traditional Village located at Hwa-sun by Using the Classification System
Kim, Heung-Sik ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 61~69
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.1.061
The goal of this study is to suggest the fundamental data possible to make the guideline of modern environmental-friendly design method for housing estate. In this study, Wol-gok Village located at Hwa-sun is selected as one of the traditional villages and surveyed by the classification system of the environmental-friendly design factors in the existing traditional village. The classification system on the environmental-friendly design factors in traditional village is composed of 6 large scaled categories, 13 medium scaled categories, and 54 small scaled items. The results show that the items such as land use, eco-space, resource and energy conservation, water use, and environmental pollution are applicated very well, however the variable spatial application through narrow wooden floor(Toetmaru) and the wall greening of residential area are not applicated. In addition, the peculiar environmental-friendly design factors such as double waterway in the house, layout considering the privacy of main house, and agricultural land located at the center of village are investigated in the Wol-gok Village.
The Establishment of Assessment Index for Sustainable Back-to-Farm Cooperative Village
Park, Kyoung-Ok ; Lee, Sang-Un ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 71~80
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.1.071
The purpose of this study is to establish the assessment index for sustainable back-to-farm cooperative village. The assessment index will be applied as a guideline to plan or to stimulate the cooperative village. The 1st step is to organize the assessment items from the precedent studies, and the 2nd step is to make them confirmed by the professionals by means of on-line questionnaire. The tool was SPSSwin statistical program and its outputs' mean. The final 3rd step is to take consult with professionals on the issues derived from the 2nd stage, and fix assessment index. The results are as follows. 1) The selected grand assessment items are five; living-environmental, social-environmental, managerial-environmental, regional-environmental and economic-environmental assessments. Five grand items have 26 medium assessment items and 76 small assessment items. 2) The questionnaire of professionals ranked the importance of grand assessment items as social-living-economic-managerial-regional environments. The adequacy got more than 3 points, above the mean, in all assessment items by professionals. 3) Managerial-environmental assessment was renamed to maintenance assessment. With professionals' advice, items that are hard to take quantitative measurements or to be seen as characteristics of cooperative village were either deleted or combined together; 26 medium items into 21 items and 78 small items into 52 items.
Building Type Classification and Architectural Characteristics of Public Buildings of the Korean Traditional Styles - Based on the Examples of Southern Jeolla-do Province, Korea -
Cho, Sung-Ho ; Kim, Sung-Woo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 81~90
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.1.081
The number of public buildings built in traditional style have been increased particularly during last twenty years. This paper is to analyze the relationship between building types and architectural characteristics of such examples in southern Jeolla-do province, where public buildings in traditional styles are most popular. Five different types based on the level of traditional features are subjectified. And architecture characteristics such as completed year, scale of building use, building cost, and design are analyzed in each categories of building types. The result of the research implies various future directions for the design of public buildings in traditional style.
A Study on the Visibility Analysis Method Considering Stadium Spectator's Viewing Characteris
Kweon, Ji-Hoon ; Lee, Kyung-Hoon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 91~100
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.1.091
The purpose of this study was to suggest an analysis method clarifying viewing characteristics with quantitative consideration of users' visual perception measured on stadium spectators' seats and its applicability to physical facility conditions. Sightline analysis method precedently used for the design of stadium seating tiers has not provided methodological capabilities feasible to consider spectator's visual perception and evaluate the difference of viewing characteristics at each viewing location. It has simply allowed local sightline studies focused on specific building sections. The analysis method suggested in this study to improve the limitations presents the following: First, the new analysis method can quantitatively distinguish the difference of viewing characteristics at each testing node. Second, it extends the analysis capability three-dimensionally, and considers locations of spectators and forms of facility components as analysis conditions. Third, the new method considers spectator's visual cognitive features as quantitative variables including visual distance, visual angle and minimum visible height. Forth, the analysis result can be provided as a format of contour map presenting overall visibility examined on whole stadium seating tiers. Finally, the suggested method has shown the applicability to the analysis on stadium spectator's viewing characteristics with performing a model analysis on a stadium facility.
A Research on Planning Guidelines for Iraq Apartment Units Based on the Application of Christopher Alexander's Pattern Language
Choi, Jaepil ; Kang, June-Kyung ; Choi, Young-Jun ; Park, Chan-Young ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 101~110
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.1.101
The purpose of this study is to design guidelines for architects who are planning apartments in Iraq. These guidelines have been built based on the 'Pattern Language'.
, published by Christopher Alexander, contains 253 solutions or design patterns that recur in architecture. These patterns contain useful connective information which can be selected, modified, and combined to complete an actual design. Alexander's 'Pattern Language' is a result of the search for a systematic design method. Patterns that can be applied to apartment unit planning have been selected in this research. In order to apply cultural elements to planning guidelines, traditional and modern housing cultures and spatial structure of housings in Iraq have been researched. Results from cultural studies were used to modify the selected pattern in order to build the 'Pattern Language of Iraq Apartment Units'. Based on this pattern language, planning guidelines for Iraq apartment units have been designed. These guidelines are expected to be used as a reference for architects that are planning apartments in Iraq.
Daylight Performance Evaluation of Atrium by Transformation in Freeform Type
Kim, Jung-Min ; Kim, Dong-Hyun ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 111~119
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.1.111
The aim of this research was to examine the correlation between the performance of daylight and geometry of FREEFORM atrium. In consideration of the solar environments that have the greatest effect on the atrium, categorized and classified types of transformations were introduced. Atrium classification defined by vertical axis, plan scale and rotation is used to determine the transformation and the type. Several atrium cases, characterized by a different form or shape, were analysed by simplified methodology to predict DF(daylight factor), direct sunlight area and Uniformity Ratio on the atrium floor, through computer simulation by Ecotect and Radiance. Simulation programmes were used to simulate square, four-sided, top-lit atria under overcast and clear sky conditions. This study has investigated the effect on daylight performance of the geometric characteristics of atrium such as PAR, distance, translation vector, types of curve, height and angle. From the results, the design guidelines are proposed as follows. All types show a decrease of light influx and increase of UR as the atrium height increases. The height of atruim, therefore, should be considered first regardless of form class or the variables of atrium. Performance shows a big difference according to the light direction if certain transformation is made along a direction. It is maximized when the transformation aligns to the direction of light and converges to the rectangular shape with low PAR. There is a decrease in performance under the environment of lights from all directions like Overcast sky.
A Suggestion of Detached Low-Rise Multi-plex Houses for Detached Housing Sites in Seoul City - Focusing on the reconstruction housing site in Dapsipri -
Kim, Jae-Cheol ; Kim, Kyoung-Yon ; Jun, Byung-Kweon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 121~129
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.1.121
As a measures for improving a housing environment, this study suggests a planning of detached low-rise multi-plex houses, which are applicable to part of the reconstruction housing site in Dapsipri, one of the detached public housing sites constructed in 1956. The purpose of this study is to suggest an architectural alternative, which can improve the quality of dwelling while maintaining the residential environment of the detached housing site. The planning of detached low-rise multi-plex houses for the reconstruction housing site in Dapsipri has the following features: 1)This planning ensures the equal quality of sunlight environment by considering the current physical housing density and by arranging four types of unit housing modules which consider the width and direction of streets. 2) This planning uses a rehabilitation redevelopment method for each lot, which has dilapidated buildings. This approach will be able to maintain previous housing lots and road systems where various housing groups have been formed over the years in the reconstruction housing site. 3)This planning provides an easy access to roads by increasing the width of inner streets within unit housing and by considering the geographical condition of each lot. 4)This planning provides community space to ensure connectivity among residents and to revitalize communications among residents. It designs public streets as a community space through an inward common space, which directs toward housing blocks, in addition to the outward common space, which directs toward the roads. This study discovered that the current residential environment of the Dapsipri reconstruction housing site is poor. To improve such a poor living environment, this study suggests a detached low-rise apartment planning, which still maintains the existing housing density and the existing geographical context, by taking a rehabilitation redevelopment approach. The planning suggested in this study will be able to restore physical rationality. However, it will face limitations in improving residents' awareness about redevelopment and in leading to a flexible interpretation of the related laws.
A Study on the Improvements Plans of Living Space in a Domestic Juvenile Reformatory
Kang, Hee-Seon ; Moon, Young-Sam ; Lee, Young-Soo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 131~138
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.1.131
This thesis deals with improvements plans of living space in a domestic juvenile reformatory. Juvenile reformatory is not only just facilities for detention, but also curing, protecting and educating facilities. Through analyzing the problem of domestic juvenile reformatory and case study of advanced country, The purpose of this thesis intends to suggest the planning direction and improvement direction of architecture in domestic juvenile reformatory. It will also help to show valid architectural types and facilities standard when it build, build an extension and remodel.
Studies about Comparison between Works by John Cage and La Villette Projects by Bernard Tschumi
Hahn, Suh-Yung ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 139~150
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.1.139
One of the most provocative project in architecture history in
century was Bernard Tschumi's La Villette. Some of researchers compared La Villette with Total Serialism in terms of their operation method of composition. However this comparison has a limit because it shows relationships between formal composition method only. For this limit, works by most influential
century american composer John case, give a light on more sophisticated comparison between music and architecture in
century. His works have so much similarities with La Villette with regard to form, compositional and operational method, and aesthetics, intentions as well. Furthermore minute differences between similar works in music and architecture will shows differences of level on which each system works.
A Case Study on the College Admissions Systems of Foreign Architectural Programs - Focusing on the Admissions Systems of the B.Arch. Programs in the USA -
Kim, Ran-Soo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 151~160
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.1.151
This study, analyzing the college admissions systems of foreign architectural programs, focused on the admissions systems of the B.Arch. Programs in the USA. It attempted to reveal what we have to consider in Korean architectural admissions systems. It selected excellent four architectural schools of the five-year B.Arch programs in the USA as well as the Ecole Nationale Sup
rieure d'Architecture de Paris-Belleville of France and Tokyo University of Japan. It comprehensively examined the overall admissions system and process of the architectural schools by studying documents and having an interview with the admissions officers there. In order to consider the admissions process regarding architectural potential, this study needed to analyze the admissions systems of B.Arch programs in the USA, in which the admissions officer systems are already well established. The criteria of the examination are as follows: 1) admission requirements, 2) the admissions process and critical factors in the evaluation, 3) connecting systems between high schools and universities.
A Study on Establishments and Characteristics of Spiritual Spaces in a Traditional Village of Gapa Island, Jejudo
Byun, Kyeong-Hwa ; Kang, Eun-Jung ; Lee, Jeong-Lim ; Kim, Kyu-Han ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 161~168
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.1.161
This study aims to identify the establishment and characteristics of spiritual space in a traditional village of island focusing on Gapa Island, Jejudo. The spiritual space in this study are described as religious, emotional and psychological spaces which residents of Gapa Island have customarily something in common. The study employed the qualitative research method by interviewing island residents and field survey about those spaces. The study identified twelve spiritual spaces on Gapa Island which is categorized into four groups; village faith spaces, in other words, Shamanism spaces, general religious facilities, cemetery, and taboo spaces. These spaces were considered as an important islander's spiritual spaces which were built at the same time when the village had been established and was extended. Since these spiritual spaces were built by islanders, they have continuously changed according to the growth of village and new culture from the outside. spiritual spaces settled from the community point of view are using up to the present. Three spiritual spaces of altar, Halmang-Dang of Sangdong and Hadong are essential in religious, emotional and psychological functions of village residents because those three spaces have settled as village faith. In regards to the arrangement of spiritual spaces, the village was divided into East and West areas according to the inner road that connects Sangdong port and Handong port. The alter and cemetery were arranged to the quiet places of the island, East side which was difficult to catch fish due to high wave and the death of water. However, the west side of island which woman divers were able to catch seafood was characterized as active and living area.
A Comparative Study on the Measurement Tools of the Community Assets for Community Regeneration
Yim, Soon-Jeong ; Park, Jung-Eun ; Lee, Hyo-Won ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 169~180
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.1.169
Asset-based approach might be one of the alternative for community regeneration. ABA as a regeneration approach reflects characteristics of the community. Therefore, ABA is considered a method for regenerating communities through participation of residents which strengthen their living capacity. This study shows different methods for community regeneration to identify the concept of asset-based approach. Three different asset measurement tools were analyzed in order to determining the community assets: Kretaman & Mcknight(1993)'s ABCD in America, DFID's SLA in UK(1999), and Lee et al's RA in Korea(2011). Their concepts, asset types, measuring methods, application processes, and aspects of strengths & weaknesses were analyzed and hence will be used practically as fundamental materials in order to development of measurement tools for community regeneration.
A Study on the Immaterial Modification of Urban Renewal Plan - Focused on the cases of Seoul(2012.1~2013.1) -
Na, In-Su ; Lee, Kwang-Koo ; Bae, Woong-Kyoo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 181~188
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.1.181
The purpose of this study was to analyze the Immaterial Modification of urban renewal plan. Immaterial Modification is introduced for simplification of administration and rationalization of regulation. However "Immaterial" always does not mean insignificant and there are still not specific standards of Immateriality. This study surveys the recent immaterial modification cases and classify those by characteristics and stakeholders. The main Immaterial Modifications are eleven articles and the factors are drawn by 4 categories. The 4 categories are Administrative Error, Related Planning Changes, Review Committee and Implementor's Decision. In conclusion the Immaterial Modification by administrative error and related planning changes are very helpful to simplification of administration and rationalization of regulation. However the Immaterial Modification by review committee and implementor's decision have various contents and ranges so more detailed indexes and criteria should be needed.
Verification of District Unit Plan on Exclusive Residential Zone in Land Development Area
Cho, Jeong-Yeon ; Park, Cheol-Soo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 189~198
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.1.189
The aim of this paper is to verify the effectiveness of the District Unit Plan for the exclusive residential zone in Jukjon, Dongbaek, and Pangyo area which is the land development area of the national capital region. The results showed that the Plan was not effective for the architectural developments due to lack of management of the directions of the Plan and lack of pre-conditions for the implementation and the physical environment oriented regulatory approach. We describe the following further details of the results in terms of city density and street view management. Especially according to density, the physical size issue can be mainly found in floor area ratio and the number of floors. Our analysis shows that main reason for both excessive floor area ratio and the excessive number of floors is the violation of the number of households through household split. And street view issues include shape of roof, building construction line, shared public land, parking, and the most common District Unit Plan violation is parking.
Analysis on Characteristics of the Energy Performance Index Depending on the Building Uses for Non-residential Building
Jang, Hee-Kyung ; Jeong, Hae-Kwon ; Jeong, Young-Sun ; Yu, Ki-Hyung ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 199~207
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.1.199
This study reviewed the scoring system of th EPI to find out characteristics of seven non-residential buildings submitting the energy saving plan. And then 4 sectors was analyzed on architectural, mechanical, electrical and renewable energy aspects. The main results of this study are as follow. 1) All non-residential buildings were designed and applied on a similar level in more than half of all items. The characteristics difference was shown about 16~23% of items by building use. 2) It was concluded that there are narrow variation in sum of average by building use and the more resonable result are derived when basic point of building use is applied one standard. It is determined that the criteria of basic point is the significant factor when the building uses are revised as basic point of building use is the most affecting item to the sum of EPI average.
A Study on the Correlation of Domestic Local Climate and Annual Heating Energy Demand - Focused on passive house performance buildings -
Yoon, Yong-Sang ; Kim, Eun-Jin ; Lee, Sung-Jin ; Sim, Myung-Hee ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 209~216
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.1.209
This study emphasizes the correlation between the climate characteristics and annual energy demand in the region where passive houses are constructed, by analyzing the annual heating energy demand according to local climatic conditions for domestic passive houses (E+Green Home) using the PHPP simulation program. 7 regions of Korea were targets of the simulation (Yongin, Paju, Seoul, Andong, Kwangju, Busan, and Tongyoung). The heat energy required declined by about 16.7% when the outdoor temperature rises by an average of
and the heating load declined
. This corresponds to about 14% of the maximum heating load, which is
, that is required by Passive house. Also, as a result of comparing Yongin (
) and Tongyoung (
), the yearly heat energy required showed about 4.7 times difference. Moreover, to reflect in details about the characteristics of the region climate in the building energy saving design criteria, there is a need to separate the current 3 regions into a minimum of at least more than 7 regions. From the results above, it is found that the local climatic conditions should certainly be taken into account when buildings at a level of passive houses are designed. Besides, since the annual heating energy demand for a passive house varies greatly with the local climate characteristics, the passive house design guidelines for insulation and ventilation performance depending on the region should be presented.
A Study on the Efficient Method of Information Offering Through Survey of Asbestos Awareness of Deteriorated Apartment Facility Managers
Kim, Young-Chan ; Hong, Won-Hwa ; Zhang, Yuan-Long ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 217~224
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.1.217
Asbestos hazards have been studied by many people and the hazards become already known wide although it is not referred obstinately. Especially, more than 82% of imported asbestos is used as building materials, so asbestos containing material with the construction waste will be generated fatally when buildings are demolished. Slate among materials included asbestos is used wide along with economic development by the 1960s. Such slate becomes superannuated, so arsenic acid in asbestos can become a problem. Therefore, change is pushing ahead by the government. When asbestos in the deteriorated apartments is cut, ground up or disturbed, tiny asbestos fibres can fly into the air and exposed to the facility managers. However, there are few studies on the asbestos awareness of deteriorated apartments facility managers. This study investigated the asbestos awareness of facility managers of apartments built in the 80s in Daegu from Aug to Sep and try to furnish data of improve the working environment of the apartments, management of asbestos materials and asbestos system improvement through the survey results and analysis. In the results of analysis, it showns that asbestos awareness of deteriorated apartments facility managers is 1.50 of 4, lower than average points, asbestos policy awareness is lower than asbestos awareness (Exp(B) 0.315), and it is required efficient method of information offering through TV and newspapers.
A Study on the Control Logic of the Simulating Natural Wind Air-condition Considering Thermal Comfort
Kang, Ki-Nam ; Song, Doo-Sam ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 225~234
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.1.225
The ultimate goal of these papers is to complement the shortcomings of conventional air-conditioning systems by using the air flow fluctuation characteristics of natural wind so as to achieve comfortable and energy-saving air conditioning control. Accordingly written the control mode that can plan the nature wind characteristic that analyzed a characteristic, and returned in triumph of the conventional air-conditioning system through laboratory measurement. Through the procedures above, the new control logic was investigated and complemented by subject experiments about air-conditioning system plan imitating natural wind. Finally, the methods to improve thermal-comfort according to the control logic of new air-conditioning system will be presented and thereby this will bring improvement in sustaining thermal-comfort of the indoor residents steadily as well a pleasant environment.
x-Ray Approach to Develop Energy Model for Existing Buildings
Yoon, Seong-Hwan ; Park, Cheol-Soo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 235~244
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.1.235
Energy consumption by existing buildings accounts for a significant portion of the energy use in building stock. To improve energy performance of existing buildings, it is necessary to have a scientific and objective energy model to assess building energy performance as well as decision making for building energy retrofit. Such energy model must be very simple, easy-to-develop, accurate enough and easy-to-use so that it can be used for a large portfolio of existing buildings. With this in mind, the paper presents a new concept so called building energy x-Ray approach. The approach utilizes ISO 13790 simple hourly calculation method as well as other EN energy standards, rather than resorting to full-blown dynamic simulation tools (e.g. EnergyPlus) which is too time-effort-cost intensive. The x-Ray approach, implementable in MATLAB environment, was applied to two existing office buildings. The paper reports the results of such application in terms of accuracy, usability, and limitations.
Research on Improvements of Green Building Rating System Based on Field Survey and Resident Satisfaction Survey of Green-certified Apartment Complexes - Focused on the Land Use and Transportation, Energy, Material and Resources, Ecological Environment -
Paik, Hae-Sun ; Kim, Jong-Yeob ; Jung, Yoon-Hye ; Song, Ok-Hee ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 245~252
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.1.245
The purpose of this study is to explore the validity of green building certification and regulations and to improve the design guidelines and green building rating system based on green-certified score, field survey, resident satisfaction survey of green-certified apartment complex. The 6 green-certified apartment complexes in metropolitan area were selected for this study. The findings are as follows ; 1)It found that eco-friendly environment factor has higher correlation with green-certified score and resident satisfaction than the other factors, such as land use and transportation, energy, indoor environment. 2)Defects of unit and outdoor space after occupancy have impacts on the satisfaction for eco-friendly environment factors due to a link between residential satisfaction and satisfaction for eco-friendly environment factors. Thererfore, post management system with relation to green-certified score is required for manage the green-certified apartment complexes consistently. 3)Authors also suggested improvements on community center and facility, pedestrian road in apartment complexes, bicycle parking lot and bicycle road, separating the household recyclables from the garbage, offering the user's manual, and aquatic biotope and land biotope.
The Vulnerability Assessment of Water Supply through the Analysis of Emergency Water Shortage in cut off Water Supply-prone Island area
Lee, Yoon-Ha ; Hong, Won-Hwa ; Lee, Ji-Soo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 253~260
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.1.253
Because of the geographical nature, water source is difficult to develop in islands. So water shortage is serious in island area. Relatively vulnerable to natural disasters, in emergency they have to rely on water supply ship. But water supply ship is not enough and the distance to island is far, island's water supply system is unstable and poor. In addition, most islands rely on a single water source, in the event of a disaster Island residents face serious water shortages. Thus, a stable water supply on the island in order to come up with measures to increase the absolute amount and the administration should seek to increase the supply effect. Also, in an emergency to minimize the social and economic damage and supply standard precautions should be made. In this study, Shortage of water supply on the island that can lead to a scenario was created and then estimating water deficit and to assess the vulnerability of water supply was. Water shortage crisis that can cause in island area were classified. Also water deficit was estimated when each water supply was interrupted and other water sources can not substitute. And vulnerability was assessed by possibility of cause damage to the water supply.