Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Architectural Institute of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 12 - Dec 2014
Volume 30, Issue 11 - Nov 2014
Volume 30, Issue 10 - Oct 2014
Volume 30, Issue 9 - Sep 2014
Volume 30, Issue 8 - Aug 2014
Volume 30, Issue 7 - Jul 2014
Volume 30, Issue 6 - Jun 2014
Volume 30, Issue 5 - May 2014
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Apr 2014
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Mar 2014
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Feb 2014
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Jan 2014
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Features of External Space implied in Le Corbusier's Housing and his 'Five Points of a New Architecture'
Seol, Yoo-Kyung ; Lee, Sang-Ho ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 2, 2014, Pages 3~14
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.2.003
This study aims at analysing the relationship between housing and external space on the basis of Le Corbusier's houses and his 'Five Points of a New Architecture'. As applications of the external space in housing are diversified, the boundary becomes unclear and the external space alters ways of using the internal space. The transformation of housing style that was set off by social problems from the start of the modern architecture enhanced the roll of the external space in housing. The technological improvement at that times increased the relationship between living space and light, ventilation, and the outside air. The premodern housing style that had separated the internal space from the external by walls was overcome in the modern housing transformation. The Five Points of Le Corbusier had a great influence on history of architecture and became a basis for the transition into the contemporary housing. By analysing the Points in regards with external space, the followings will be understood: the background of the interpenetration of the interior and the exterior and the roll of external space in each Point. This will explain the alteration of the boundary in housing and extend availabilities of the external space. To achieve this, this research evaluates each Point closely in regards with Le Corbusier's houses. In addition it reveals that the external recognition which is implied in Five Points can be disclosed. This study is also dedicated to explore 'Five Points and the notion and features of external space', 'the formation methods of external space within housing' and 'the relationship of external features within Five Points'.
A Study on the BIM Design Collaboration in Block Residential Projects focused on the Combination Method of Unit Plan Models
Park, Young-Sup ; Moon, Jun-Sik ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 2, 2014, Pages 15~22
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.2.015
The purpose of this study is to suggest effective methods for applying Building Information Modeling(BIM) to the design of Block Residential Project in practice. This study is mainly conducted through finding the practical combination of unit plan models, the part of the main building modeling. The process of this study is as follows. First of all, to understand the characteristics of the domestic Block Residential Project design the literature reviews are carried out. Secondly, problems are derived from the current modeling methods through creating various sample Block Residential Projects based on BIM. To solve the problems, the optimized combination methods of the unit plan models and the main building models are suggested.
A Study on Improvement Direction for the Modular Architecture-Applied Military Barracks (Military Barracks and Bachelor Officers' Quarters) through Post-Occupancy Evaluation
Wei, Dae-Han ; Bae, Si-Hwa ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 2, 2014, Pages 23~32
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.2.023
The Ministry of Defense has improved the deteriorated and small military barracks and executive quarters to narrow the gap between the growth environments of soldiers and the barrack environment and guarantee them a convenient life during their military service. The wet construction method, which was adopted when building the military barracks and executive quarters, has a couple of disadvantages including long construction time and weak responsiveness according to the security environment. Characterized by shorter construction time and the mobility and deconstruction options, modular construction has thus been introduced to solve such problems. However, the construction method, which was introduced in 2005, started to display weaknesses in heat and sound insulation in the military facilities and was provisionally suspected in 2009. Now there is a need for modular facilities of new functions. The purpose of this study was to apply P.O.E.(post-occupancy evaluation) to the modular military barracks and executive quarters, which were ordered and constructed in large volumes since 2011, through six criteria of spatial organization, interior, noise, mobility, indoor environment, and satisfaction compared with the previous barracks. The study also aimed to analyze the satisfaction results and search for improvement direction.
The Study on the Continuity of Iraq Traditional Culture and Spatial Elements Appeared in the Modern Apartment
Choi, Jaepil ; Park, Chan-Young ; Choi, Young-Jun ; Kang, June-Kyung ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 2, 2014, Pages 33~41
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.2.033
As demands for housing are rapidly increasing, many apartments are being built by foreign construction companies with high technical skills. However, in these cases, traditional characteristics can easily not be considered. The aim of this research is to study which elements of traditional residential culture and spaces are still continued in modern residential spaces and which element have disappeared due to modernization in Iraq. Plans of traditional courtyard houses and modern apartments in Iraq have been compared through review study, interviews, and analysis using Space Syntax. Results have shown how traditional cultures about protecting privacy and inviting guests have been continued in the modern culture and are also considered when planning apartments in Iraq. Also, spaces which are made to control temperature in hot and dry climates have disappeared and the kitchen is no longer a space for only women. Based on this study, further research is needed to develop a apartment prototype which consider cultures of Iraq. It is expected that Korean construction companies can use this as basic data when participating in apartment construction projects in Iraq.
The Design Composition Elements and Mechanical Behaviors of Trusses in the View of Structure Design
Lee, Juna ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 2, 2014, Pages 43~50
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.2.043
The design composition elements and the mechanical behaviors of trusses have been investigated in order to design more various and effective trusses in architectural and structural design. First, trusses were classified into Pratt truss, Howe truss, Warren truss with composition of web members, and the mechanical behaviors of these trusses were explained from the principle of suspension and arch structures. Also, the structural features and architectural design features of the various trusses have been determined by analyzing truss models with a variation of design elements ; composition of web members, number of web panels, chord profile, depth, double chord. This has an object to provide more useful design informations for truss in early planning stage considering various architectural design purposes and structural efficiency.
Moderating Effect of Organizational Culture on the Relationship between Influence Factors and BIM Acceptance
Lee, Seul-Ki ; Yu, Jung-Ho ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 2, 2014, Pages 51~59
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.2.051
Although many researchers and practitioners are in agreement about the potential applicability and benefit of BIM in construction, it is still unclear why BIM is adopted, and what factors enhance adoption and implementation of BIM. Thus, the mechanism of BIM acceptance and use remains in question. Therefore, this paper aims to analyze the moderating effect of organizational culture relationship between influence factors and BIM acceptance. The key factors for BIM acceptance are identified through a previous literature by authors. And the types of organizational culture are divided based on competing values framework by Cameron & Quinn (1979). Based on the factors, a questionnaire was designed and sent out to construction organizations such as contractors, architects, and engineers in Korea. Using hierarchial regression analysis, we analyzed the moderating effect of organizational culture relationship between influence factors and BIM acceptance. These findings can be used in the establishment of a strategy for BIM utilization.
A Study on the Analysis of the Curved Surface Characteristics by the Forms for Irregular-Shaped Tall Buildings
Park, Sang-Min ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 2, 2014, Pages 61~70
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.2.061
In recent, tall buildings of various shapes which couldn't be seen in the past are proposed in the new cities of Asia and the Middle East. It means that the existing tall buildings competition was deviated from building height to irregular shaped form. The recent tall buildings develop to a direction which focuses formativeness and differentiation. Therefore, liberal shapes which were considered to be technically impossible and even excluded from discussion in the past such as the creation of complicate 3D shapes and the modeling of curve and curved surface are showing their appearances. In addition, due to the development of structure and construction technology, the types of irregular shaped tall buildings become more various. On the other hand, as a result of focusing on the creating unique shapes, the structural and constructive factors of the tall buildings are ignored. In this case, there is big possibility that businesses themselves are not implemented. Without reasonable and systematic understands or approaches, the irregular shaped tall buildings can't be realized. Accordingly, this study is going to analyze specially the morphological characteristics of the irregular shaped tall buildings in the stage of completion or construction. Also, it is going to analyse the curved surface characteristic of the irregular shaped tall buildings by reasonable approach. It tried to supplement the limitations of the morphological classification of the existing irregular shaped tall buildings and assort the curved surface applicable to the irregular shaped tall buildings.
A Comparative Study on the Characteristics of Boundary Area according to the Locations of Mixed-use Apartment Complex in Seoul
Ha, Man-Joon ; Yeo, Young-Ho ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 2, 2014, Pages 71~82
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.2.071
Since the IMF crisis, the mixed-use apartment complex had been in considerable demand from 2003 to 2006 and developed more within residential areas rather than commercial areas. This particular kind of development has become the source of various problems, defeating original purposes of the complex which were to prevent urban emptiness and commuting distance reducing. Thus, preceding studies focused on issues of mixed-use apartment complex infrastructures in Seoul and the varied problems inherent in different regional locations. This study will therefore comparatively examine the characteristics of boundary areas across those different regional locations which include downtown, suburbs, commercial and semi-residential areas. After thorough analysis, we shall propose better solutions to future mixed-use apartment developments in these areas. In doing this, we address four main issues of concern: First, an absolute shortage of parks, plazas and schools in downtown. Second, an absolute shortage of parks, plazas and schools in suburbs, a problem of small-scale development. Third, a shortage of infant caring facilities in commercial areas, another problem of small-scale development. And fourth, a shortage of transportation structures (road), parks, plazas and schools in the semi-residential areas. In other words, we shall state in this paper the importance of providing solutions to the obvious lack of transportation structures(road), parks, plazas and schools for mixed-use apartment complexes in downtown and semi-residential areas and to the lack of infant caring facilities, parks, plazas and schools in suburbs and commercial areas, areas that specifically necessitate the provision of complementary institutional measures for small-scale development.
A Study on the Design Method for Socio-Environmental Sustainability in High Rise -High Density Housing of Hong Kong - Focused on Hong Kong Public Housing -
Kim, Min-Kyung ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 2, 2014, Pages 83~92
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.2.083
The purpose of this study was to find design methods as regards high rise-high density residential for socio-environmental sustainability in high density society. To do this, this study focused on Hong Kong and its public high density housing as the highest dense housing types and society. Since 1960s, Hong Kong has provided high rise-high density public housing which could not help confronting various problems related to social and environmental problems and tried to solve them. Thus, it would be worthy that analysing and reviewing long-range design considerations of Hong Kong Government and Hong Kong Housing Authority. Design strategies and methods extracted from this study may go some way towards finding our own design solution in near future of high density.
A Study on the Multi-Dimensional Space Rehabilitation Installation Architecture Design of Privately Owned Public Space and Infrastructure : Focused on the Spatial Linkage among Gangnam Bus Terminal, Banpo Shopping Town, Shinbanpo Apartment Complex
Song, Ha-Yub ; Choi, Jang-Won ; Cho, Soo-Jin ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 2, 2014, Pages 93~100
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.2.093
This study will focus on the rehabilitation of the boundary space where apartment complex, commercial buildings and existing underground infrastructure intersect, by applying Facade-Poche, which recognizes architecture and city as integrated space. This area has strong possibilities that is to satisfy the user and anonymous pedestrian needs through the designated spatial territory that different types of urban fragments meet. 'The boundary space' is defined as the linkage between existing underground infrastructure and commercial buildings above ground as well as the privately owned public space between street stores and apartment complex. Despite quantitative expansion of public space, the lack of link system and entrance with existing facilities and illegally use caused disconnection of pedestrian flow and circulation. This study will propose a design guideline to improve current institutional framework and effectively manage the privately owned public space, with installation architecture which is flexible and temporally occupied depending on user's purpose.
A Study on the Typological Configuration of Architectural Space Construction Created by the Notion of Poch
Jo, Seung-Koo ; Park, Hee-Young ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 2, 2014, Pages 101~112
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.2.101
The study pays attention to 'poch
' as a constructive tool which can unify architectural space, consciousness of existence, and experience, and discusses on how sense and space are established by poch
. It is the reason why poch
has the potential unified context, space, and sense of existence beyond the meaning as a tool establishing the space and figuration of architecture. Based on such discussion, the study is divided the figuration of poch
which is re-produced in the modern architecture by the relation between poch
and sense into 'tension', 'dramatic space', and 'dynamic'. And we examine how the feature of each poch
is established the figuration by the relation with sensory experience in the modern space of architecture from detail work cases of the modern architecture.
Studies about Organization Ideas and Problems of Mat-building by Team 10
Hahn, Suh-Yung ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 2, 2014, Pages 113~124
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.2.113
Mat-buidling was first shown in 1974 article 'How to recognize and read mat-building.' by Alison Smithson. She summarized some characteristics of mat-building and listed various projects that can be though as mat-building among projects by team 10. There have been some of research, in recent years for the interest by contemporary architects, such as Rem Koolhaas, Kajuyo Sejima, MVRDV. However many of research was studied according special interest, so they lacks the total perspective about organization, concept and the connection between those two. This thesis will summarize key concepts and characteristics o mat-building based on previous researches and make an supplement to them. Eventually it will aim to find the problems and limits of mat-building.
A Study on Combination Forms through Analysis of Complexation Types of Public Library
Ryu, Tae-Hyun ; Ko, Jae-Min ; Lim, Chae-Jin ; Lim, Ho-Kyun ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 2, 2014, Pages 125~134
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.2.125
Modern public libraries have been changing as libraries by focusing on users such as exhibition, watching videos, taking cultural classes and leisure etc except its own general roles such as reading and lending materials of public libraries in the past according to development of economy and culture, and the boundary of libraries has been expanding, so the trend various cultural contents for its role is in the form of complex cultural space. In addition, it is more than just complexation with facilities including simple cultural functions and combines with facilities of commercial purpose and public cultural welfare facilities. Due to this trend, studies on complexation of public libraries, but most of the studies are on the complex relations simply. Thus, This study selected a total of 14 libraries, 4 libraries before 2000, 10 libraries after 2000, depending on the area by size among public libraries combined on the equivalent position in the library, in combination with at least one facility according to 'Public culture and welfare facilities' through the analysis of vertical type, horizontal type and vertical horizontal mixed type for 58 libraries of public libraries in 2011. The study analyzed the selected public libraries in four aspects such as combination forms of the building, classification according to the entrance, correlation analysis with complex facilities, types of internal circulation by deriving the characteristics by type by analyzing the form of a combination according to libraries combined with their other facilities and by stereotyping them depending on the features of each type. Based on the above investigation, combination forms of domestic mixed public libraries were obtained from the six types of A~F, this researcher examined the advantages and disadvantages about each type. Upon further research, it is proposed as data of construction guidelines in planning public library combination through in-depth analysis by reflecting area combined ratio in accordance with each room of mixed libraries and users' interviews needs assessment.
A Research on Basic Investigation and Analysis for Architectural Solutions of the Non-continuous Planes - Focused on the Apartment Blocks in the Original Part of Seongnam City -
Lee, Ji-Young ; Lee, Young ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 2, 2014, Pages 135~142
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.2.135
The Original Part of Seoungnam City was built in the early 1970s. In the process of industrialization, a drastic population growth in the city had been generated by rapid economic development far more than expected. As a result, large scale apartment blocks were necessary to solve this housing shortage problem. However, this method of the large scale housing development have caused to produce many closed and self-fulfilling apartment blocks with many Non-continuous planes First aim of this paper is to find out where are non-continuous planes which were caused by large-scale apartment blocks for many years. The second one is to classify those non-continuous plans in term of structures, materials and heights.(3m ~6m, 6m~9m, 9m above) The third one is to locate those non-continuous plans on the zoning map of the original part of Seongnam City. Above analysis will be the basic data for specific architectural solutions by the time of regional redevelopment.
A Study on the Classification and the Utilization Improvement Alternatives of Studio Type Public Facilities
Lee, Jung-Yeon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 2, 2014, Pages 143~150
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.2.143
The purpose of the following research essay is for the development of the classification degrees of building uses. For this research, the process of classifying buildings has been conducted from examinations through relative acts essentializing studio type public facilities. Abiding legal limitations of square measurements, general evacuation and evacuation due to fire outbreaks has been organized, proceeding to opinionated errors of classifying building uses. Thus, as a result, the studio type public facilities are classified to residential, social welfare, educational, and general and adult entertainment. This research proposes the classification process of building uses, providing professionally and validly confirmed standards.
A Typological Review on The Rich Peasant's Dwelling of Hamkyeong Province during Japanese Colonial Period - Based on the Descriptions and Drawings of Immigrants -
Kang, Young-Hwan ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 2, 2014, Pages 151~160
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.2.151
Plenty of researchers have paid attention to the traditional dwelling of korea since 1970's. Various approaches on the traditional way of dwelling design produced deep and broad understanding such as regional, periodical, social class characteristics etc. However these understandings have covered only on south korea. As far as north korea, very few studies have been added after korean war. Very fortunately, a recent research discovered some of dwelling drawings drawn by immigrants, which provided the new possibility on reviewing the characteristics of north korean dwelling. Based on these examples, this paper discusses the differences of dwelling design among social classes and design characteristics of high class dwellings mainly inhabited by rich peasant in Hamkyeong province.
A Study on the Relationship Between Image and Substance in Modern Architecture
Kwon, Hyun-Ah ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 2, 2014, Pages 161~168
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.2.161
The relationship between a building and its architectural images acquires new mechanism in modern architecture. Faked and manipulated images tend to be used regardless of their substances to get more influential effect for various purposes. The reading and interpretation of these images are also biased and subjective. In this context, this study explores the relationship between architectural images and their substances, and the meaning of this modern phenomenon based on the spread of modern architectural movement and its commodification. Therefore it shows the way architectural images reflect a certain desire and function as the potential media producing new substances.
Changes of Street Environment in Japanese Settlement in Seoul focused on Urban Improvement Works from 1895 to 1910
Lee, Yeon-Kyung ; Kim, Sung-Woo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 2, 2014, Pages 169~178
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.2.169
Since 1882 when Korea government permitted the foreign residents in Seoul, Japanese have resided in the Jingogae district on northern part of Namsan(南山). With the growing power of Japan in Korean peninsula, Japanese have expanded their residential area, which has affected the changes of urban environment of Seoul. Especially, street environment in the Japanese settlement was improved along with urban improvement works, including water and sewer infrastructure and urban improvement, and establishment of street facilities. The street environment improvement project for Japanese settlement, which was initiated in 1895 and continued to 1910, was aimed at improving its transportation, sanitation, and business. Urban improvement works in Japanese settlement before 1910 has changed the street environment of southern part of Seoul, and affected the transformation of urban changes of Seoul after 1910. Additionally, it is meaningful that these changes of street environment in Japanese settlement were done before colonization, thus urban improvement work in Japanese settlement should be considered in social issue as well as physical environmental issue. Consequently, changes of street environment in Japanese settlement are deeply related with modernization and colonization of Seoul before 1910.
A Study on the Characteristics of the Fractal Geometry in Sou Fujimoto's Architecture
Chang, Yong-Soon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 2, 2014, Pages 179~186
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.2.179
Sou Fujimoto, one of the young architects leading the architectural discourse in Japan, defines his architecture as 'architecture of in-between' and 'weak architecture'. As motifs of architecture, he takes natural objects such as forest, cloud, mountain, which could be represented by the fractal geometry. In his projects, he intends to make the incomplete whole from the relationship of the parts, and pursues the ambiguousness and continuity of interior/exterior, transparency/opacity, floors, functions etc. As he mentioned, his projects are the attempts for overcoming the modern architecture as Mies van der Rohe and Le Corbusier. 'The cosmos from the chaos' of Prigogine and Stengers influenced to young Fujimoto's architectural thought. The fractal geometry and the complexity theory play important role in his projects and his thought as alternative of modern architecture. The fractal geometry explain the logic of the nature which the euclidean geometry could not explain. The purpose of this these is to investigate the characteristics of the fractal geometry in Fujimoto's projects.
On Tactile Sense and Depth in Sapce - focused on Herzog & De Meuron's Architecture -
Lim, Sung-Hun ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 2, 2014, Pages 187~194
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.2.187
Contradiction plays a very important role in the Herzog & De Meuron's architecture. They have been well known through the tactile sense of the material and the surface. But the material is not clearly conveyed a sense. Herzog & De Meuron 's architectural features is that sense has somewhere distortion. Their architectures are more special because it will appear distorted, rather than clearly shown in the feel of the surface. Rafael Moneo has regarded Herzog & De Meuron's architectures' characteristics as the tectonic. He has insisted the characteristics of the architecture which they made is not use of the material surface, use of the material tectonic. In particular, Moneo has pointed out that they replace the role of architectural form as the characteristics of the material. And he is understand their architecture's importance lay on the exclusion of any image in architecture to be able to see architecture itself. But Moneo's perspective is focused only on the initial work of them. So it is need to be extended from the tectonic to the superposition of surface and depth. In other words, tectonic is kind of result of the superposition of surface and depth. This paper insist that the superposition of these contradictions of material senses could be switched to the tectonic in architecture, and the expression of the sensation is based on the transition of tactile to visual senses. Through this, the paper could more clearly reveal their architectures' characteristics.
A Study on the Housing Characteristics and its Changes of Fu-Long-Cun in China since Modern Age
Yoo, Jae-Woo ; Lee, In-Hee ; Oh, Kwang-Suek ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 2, 2014, Pages 195~202
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.2.195
The purpose of this study is to find out the modern changes of private and public dwelling space on the Fu-long-cun village in China. Our research team had made field researches three times. And than we had drawn the village maps on the state of 1993 and 2013. Through the comparison and analysis on the two maps, we can reveal the transformations and characteristics of the Fu-long-cun village in the period of Modern age on China. And we have the conclusion as follows: On the public space, there have been changes on the outer paths and also, to be made inner paths in the traditional houses or to be broken the wall owing to build new houses. On the private space, there have been changes that the sacred space(御間) on the middle changed to the diary places for storage or communicative spaces for the dwelling people and so on. And it can to be three periodical characteristics on the change of Fu-long-cun village: those are the traditional houses of the early
in the dynasty of Chung, the modern houses of the middle
on the influence of western culture, and the last contemporary houses in the recent past.
A Study on Carbon Emission Analysis and Carbon Reduction Effect for Public Buildings - Focused on the public offices in Cheongju city -
Eo, Sang-Jin ; Kim, Young-Hwan ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 2, 2014, Pages 203~210
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.2.203
Buildings are accounted for a quarter of national greenhouse gas emission and it is more than half the percentage of emissions in urban area. These buildings have significant impact to create low-carbon and green city, and so, it need multi-dimensional approach to reduce greenhouse gas emission in city. Especially, as public buildings account for a large portion of greenhouse gas emission, the government could lead low-carbon and green city by carbon reduction and greening of public buildings. In this background, this study aims to analyze the amount of carbon emission and carbon reduction effect by applying carbon reduction planning element to public buildings focused on the public offices in Cheongju City. The outcomes are as followings. Firstly, large portion of carbon emission is mostly occupied by indirect emission especially electric power. Secondly, carbon reduction planning elements in building repair and energy efficiency field such as highly dense insulation, highly efficient fittings, and photovoltaic power are very effective in carbon emission. Thirdly, when applying carbon reduction planning elements to public buildings, both carbon reduction efficiency and cost/benefit efficiency are considered as well. Lastly, mixed land use, mass-transit oriented transportation system, and open space linkage system should be well organized in public office complex.
Study on Management Participation Type per Neighborliness of Housewives Living In Apartments
Park, Ji-Hye ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 2, 2014, Pages 211~221
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.2.211
Neighborhood relations and restoring a sense of community has recently become an increasingly important aspect within the urban residential culture in Korea. This study aims to identify the key perceptions of typical Korean living habits in apartment complexes and how such observations reflect on apartment management activities as well as housing awareness. The following is the summary of this study. The first objective of this study classifies the neighborliness of Korean apartment residents into a series of factors including intimacy, empathy, identity and conflict. In particular, the factors of empathy and identity can be interpreted as aspects of Korean culture which are observed through consideration for others, a sense pride and community, etc. These factors were associated with positive influences on neighborliness. Second, the management participation level appeared to vary depending on the type of neighborliness. The G1 Type exhibits a positive attitude toward the neighborhood but shows passive community participation, while the G2 Type has a high level of empathy towards community life but experiences high stress with their neighbors and is critical against management participation. The G3 Type perceives the importance of neighbors but is indifferent to them, while the G4 Type shows an active attitude in terms of the aforementioned identity factor and actively participates in management activities. Therefore, community programs need to be developed in consideration to each kind of resident in order for such programs to succeed. The results of this investigative research are able to be utilized in the basic study of community programs and related management development focused on apartment residents in Korea.
An Analysis on Restructuring of Urban Fabric in Green City Planning in relation to quality of spaces, planning elements and performance indicator
Yeom, In-Sup ; Oh, Deog-Seong ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 2, 2014, Pages 223~232
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.2.223
This paper aims to identify the relationship and relative importance of the elements in a Green City planning, which are based on the spatial restructuring for qualities of urban form such as accessibility, efficiency, viability, security and amenity and the physical restructuring of the fabric and metabolism at various scale of urban system. What we find is that the linkage between quality of spaces in urban form and its planning elements (of a Green City) are generally complex and indirect. With these considerations, we find out the planning directions and practical lessons through pairwise comparison matrix of 'quality of spaces (Q)' and 'planning elements(G)' using the AHP(Analytic Hierarchy Process). Also, this paper describes how to define impact on restructuring of urban system by connection between quality based goals-quality of spaces (Q), strategy planning-planning elements (G) and performance indicator-planning indicator (T) in urban system by applying QFD(Quality Function Deployment) methodology. The analysis in this paper is completed by the following processes: i) extracting major components on quality of spaces(Q) the planning elements(G), ii) understanding the co-operative relationship or effects between them, iii) analyzing the relative importance of planning elements with relation to quality of spaces, iv) and then determining the impact on planning elements by performance indicator in relation to quality of spaces implicated in urban system. It thus draws implications for spatial and physical restructuring of urban system at various scale in the planning process for a Green City. Finally, it is very important for an urban system as an engine of a city to be tuned or re-engineered for greater efficiency with good match or linkage between planning elements in relation to its qualities of urban space.
A Survey on Energy Consumption through Operational Level in Apartment Buildings
Park, Seol-Hui ; Lee, Sang-Heon ; Park, Jin-Chul ; Rhee, Eon-Ku ; Cho, Kyun-Hyong ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 2, 2014, Pages 233~240
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.2.233
The purpose of this study is to present energy-saving measures that can improve residents' home environments and reduce energy consumption at the construction planning stage. This was achieved through a survey of the actual energy consumption at the various stages of an apartment's operation. According to the survey of apartments' actual energy consumption, the amounts of energy used for room heating and electricity accounted for larger percentages of energy consumption compared to other items. Among the units, those with larger areas consumed more energy. Furthermore, those facing south consumed 15% less energy on average compared to those facing east or northeast, and medium/low-rise apartments consumed less energy compared to high-rise apartments. With respect to the shapes of apartments, plate types were identified as being more advantageous compared to tower types in terms of energy consumption.
Comparison of Actual Building Energy Consumption with Simulated Building Energy Consumption and Economic Analysis between VRF ASHP and GSHP
Park, Doo-Yong ; Kim, Kang-Soo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 2, 2014, Pages 241~248
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.2.241
Variable refrigerant flow(VRF) refers to the ability of the system to control the amount of refrigerant flowing to the multiple evaporators (indoor units). This study compares analysis of the actual energy usage of a building with VRF ASHP and the simulation results on EnergyPlus. Also, this study aims to verify the energy savings when VRF ASHP system is replaced with the GSHP system. The actual value of the energy consumption and EnergyPlus simulation results both satisfied ASHRAE standards with MBE = 6.7% and Cv(RMSE) = 9.8%. When VRF ASHP system was replaced with the GSHP system, the total secondary energy consumption was estimated to be saved by 25.0%. Also, GSHP system, compared with VRF ASHP system, does not guarantee economical benefit even when we consider the cost of 25 years of equipment life cycle. If 50% of initial installation cost for the GSHP system is supported, the payback period will be 8 years. Also, if policies that support the cost of the initial installation is implemented, life cycle cost will be improved.
Changes in Accumulated Predicted Percentage of Dissatisfied Ratio by Window's Property
Mun, Sun-Hye ; Huh, Jung-Ho ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 2, 2014, Pages 249~256
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.2.249
Solar radiation entering a closed space through a window can cause unevenly distributed reflections of solar energy on the occupant's body and surrounding space, which affects the occupant's comfort. In this study, a space with a large window-to-wall ratio on the southern side was divided into a total of 16 segments, and the comfort distribution, which reflects the impact of solar radiation influx across this space, was determined. The analysis results revealed that the radiation temperature at the segments near the window was higher, by approximately
, compared to those uninfluenced by solar radiation. PMV was calculated based on the radiation temperature, which was converted into PPD and compared with the time-dependent cumulative values. The cumulative PPD (PPDa) values of the segments influenced by solar radiation were found to be higher during the day, but lower during the night. In other words, the values of cumulative PPD may vary depending on cumulative conditions. In addition, the variation of cumulative PPD with the optical transmittance, which influences the intensity of incoming solar radiation, was examined.
A Study on the Prediction of the Thermal Performance for Steel Stud Framed Wall Systems
Yu, Young-Dong ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 2, 2014, Pages 257~266
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.2.257
In general, light gauge steel framed walls are comprised of various materials which include steel studs. The steel stud causes thermal problems such as the thermal bridge. Therefore, It is complicated to calculate the thermal performance of steel stud framed wall systems and there are some errors between calculation and measurement. In such circumstances, this research aims at predicting the thermal performance of steel framed walls through calculations and experiments of steel stud framed wall systems according to a wall composition. As a result, the prediction equation was extracted from regression analysis methods. The average error ratio between the predictions and the measurements was -3.61%.
An Experiment for Estimating the Cooling Capacity of the Radiant Ceiling Panel System
Park, Sang-Hoon ; Kim, Dong-Woo ; Yeo, Myoung-Souk ; Kim, Kwang-Woo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 2, 2014, Pages 267~276
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.2.267
The radiant ceiling panel system (RCPS) is a light-weight type of radiant heating and cooling system which uses a ceiling as a radiant surface. To obtain improved thermal comfort and maintain the room temperature comfortably, it is important to estimating the cooling capacity of the RCPS. The purpose of this study is to presents an experimental methodology to estimate the cooling performance of the RCPS. This paper also presents an estimation result of the cooling capacity of the RCPS using the experimental methodology. The previous standards about method for estimating cooling capacity of the RCPS are analyzed. The experimental methodology is evaluated based on the concept of the cooling capacity and its boundary condition during the experiment. The experimental methodology is set as a Test Cell while applying the experimental method. A test cell composed of the heat source, the distribution system. Using the test cell, the thermal performance of a radiant ceiling panel system is estimated. The experimental results are validated numerically in order to verify the accuracy. The test result shows the nominal capacity of the RCPS.
A Study on the Improvement of HVAC System Design and Operation Strategies through Thermal Environment Assessment of an Office Building
Rhee, Kyu-Nam ; Lee, Sueng-Jae ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 2, 2014, Pages 277~284
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.2.277
It is one of most important factors to achieve appropriate Indoor Environment Quality (IEQ) in order to enhance occupants' health and productivity in office buildings. Among various indoor environment factors, it is generally believed that the effect of thermal environment is most significant for the occupants' comfort and productivity. To provide satisfactory thermal environment, it is general to design HVAC systems which can satisfy indoor environment criteria specified in relevant guidelines or owner's additional requirement. However, it is often in the design stage that thermal environment criteria is presented insufficiently and owner's requirements are not specified while the owner demands high level of environmental quality. In this study, thermal environment was assessed for the office building occupied by the owner's employees in order to derive a design and operation strategies, under the condition that the owner's requirements for thermal environment are not addressed specifically. The assessment was carried out for the typical office space of headquarter of 'M' company in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. It is expected that the design and operation strategies to improve thermal environment can be derived by applying the result of this study to new or remodelling projects.
A Study on Light Shelf System Performance Evaluation Applying User Awareness and Dimming Control in Housing
Kwon, Sun-Hyeon ; Lee, Heang-Woo ; Seo, Jang-Hoo ; Kim, Yong-Seong ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 2, 2014, Pages 285~294
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.2.285
The energy used by buildings occupies 38% of the entire energy usage in Korea, of which lighting consumes 22% in considerable amount. Accordingly, various tests and researches to reduce energy consumed by buildings, especially consumption of indoor lighting energy have been constantly carried out. This study has suggested a light shelf system applied with user awareness technology and lighting dimming control system on the basis of light shelf system, user awareness technology and lighting control, and verified energy reduction efficiency by comparing results of energy reduction performance evaluation for the suggested light shelf. In order to verify energy reduction of the suggested system, a test bed has been utilized, energy consumptions have been calculated for 3 types including user unawareness and lighting On/Off control light shelf system, user awareness and lighting On/Off control light shelf system, user awareness and lighting dimming control light shelf system, and users have been set to User A, User B, and User C for family members of 60s, 40s, and 10s. The results are shown below. 1) Lighting energy consumption for user awareness technology and lighting On/Off control applied movable type light shelf system showed 105%, 55%, and 20% for User A, User B, and User C comparing to user unawareness and lighting On/Off control applied
fixed light shelf system and in the case of User A, it has increased energy usage and is inappropriate. 2) Lighting energy consumption for user awareness technology and lighting dimming control applied movable type light shelf system showed %, 13%, and 6% for User A, User B, and User C comparing to user unawareness and lighting On/Off control applied
fixed light shelf system, and allowed efficient energy reduction. This study is significant from an aspect that it has suggested an alternative to energy shortage problem by applying user awareness technology and lighting control technology and verifying effectiveness of energy reduction in order to improve lighting performance and energy efficiency of the light shelf.