Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Architectural Institute of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 12 - Dec 2014
Volume 30, Issue 11 - Nov 2014
Volume 30, Issue 10 - Oct 2014
Volume 30, Issue 9 - Sep 2014
Volume 30, Issue 8 - Aug 2014
Volume 30, Issue 7 - Jul 2014
Volume 30, Issue 6 - Jun 2014
Volume 30, Issue 5 - May 2014
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Apr 2014
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Mar 2014
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Feb 2014
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Jan 2014
Selecting the target year
Expert System for Low Carbon Emission & Eco-friendly Green Architecture - Case Study on LEED and CASBEE Certification -
Kimm, Woo-Young ; Kim, Dae-Ik ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 3, 2014, Pages 3~10
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.3.003
Enhancing the design, construction and operation of green buildings, the potential environmental issues which consist of major categories such as sustainable site, water efficiency, energy and atmosphere, material and resources and environmental quality can be estimated on the criteria collaborated by professional accreditation. This study on design manual for green and low-carbon emission architecture addresses the innovative design platform corresponding to the global challenges of environmental issues such as sustainability and intelligent ecosystem. With the participation of professional communities and academia, the interactive meta-manual constitutes the development of a architectural society of leading research and industry to study the opportunities and challenges arising from economic development of design development, construction documentation, and facility management in terms of the fundamentals of the socio-physical hemisphere, such as climate change, green architecture, and environmental reform. The discourse springs from an integrated approach of decision-making, planning and implementation, empowered by information technology, that enables the mixing of economic considerations, effective management and enforcement strategies towards the exploration of promising sustainable environment with the due emphasis on community design and participation. The research envisions the united design code to encourage the use of participatory networks identifying the main constraints, opportunities and concerns covering the policy, planning and implementation of sustainable development for architectural design.
Implications for Constructing Barrier-Free Pedestrian Environment through the Evaluation of Street Improvement Projects - Focused on the Street Improvement Program of Seoul -
Jeong, Yun-Nam ; Lee, Gun-Won ; Kim, Sei-Yong ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 3, 2014, Pages 11~22
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.3.011
This study drew items for analyzing and evaluating pedestrian environments of streets in terms of urban streets should be constructed as public spaces where every person can easily utilize. Furthermore, investigation of present condition and analysis of problems were carried out by applying drawn items on the streets where maintenance projects were underway for improving pedestrian environments in Seoul Metropolitan area. As the result, respective detailed assessment items could be drawn by classifying in respect of stability, accessibility, convenience, amenity, and expediency for mobility handicapped; from the result of applying the items on the sites, there are many unsuitable items for the standard related to installation of street facilities or environment construction even though it is the business that is composed for improving pedestrian environments. In addition, a lot of problems on maintaining streets were discovered, especially improving street environments for mobility handicapped is needed.
An Integrated Design Process of Climate Adaptive Building Shells using Generative Algorithm
Kim, Do-Young ; Kim, Sung-Ah ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 3, 2014, Pages 23~30
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.3.023
As a method to adapt to rapid climate change, Climate Adaptive Building Shells (CABS) system gains great attention these days. Integration of CABS in building system needs interdisciplinary research efforts to enhance design quality from early design stage. The purpose of this study is to incorporate performance-oriented design process, BIM-based collaborative design, and design optimization methods to improve design productivity. To reach the purpose, diverse software was integrated to expand conventional design method. Next, classification of building shells components, design alternative generation by a generative design method, information processing for environmental analysis, and alternative evaluation methods are studied. This research can contribute to the design process development of CABS.
Research on the Planning Characteristics for Low-rise Residential Areas in the Suburbs of Japan
Kim, Sung-Hoon ; Lee, Kyung-Hoon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 3, 2014, Pages 31~42
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.3.031
The purposes of this research is looking for planning characteristics to improve residential satisfaction of low-rise residential areas. Through analysis framework drawn by previous research, 7 low-rise residential sample areas in the suburbs of Japan is investigated by town territory and residential satisfactions. Also, to investigate the characteristics of the street-network with pedestrian and road, using space syntax (VGA, depthmap program) were analyzed. As a result, analysis target areas are satisfied with target-specific basic needs and street areas show the various planning guide line for satisfy social needs. Areal key planning characteristics are (1) town area : improvement of town territoriality and recognition, forming community space (2) street area : a variety of pedestrian-oriented street, pathway as walking network, autonomous traffic control (3) lot area : enhanced the privacy of building, formation of attachment space in front of the house, a variety of parking spaces. Analysis planning guide line derived from target areas can be applied not only the established place of the domestic housing but also urban regeneration plans for low-rise residential area in old built-up area.
A Study on the Entrepreneurial Models and Design Methods of Home-Vendors - Focused on Multi-Unit Housing & Multi-Family Housing in General Residential Zones -
Ju, Myeong-Hyeon ; Choi, Choon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 3, 2014, Pages 43~52
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.3.043
"Home-vendors," or private homebuilders in Korea, have provided a significant portion of urban housing stock in Korea, especially for affordable multi-family and multi-unit housing markets. Despite their ubiquity, scholars and researchers have mostly ignored or mocked the home-vendors and their buildings, dismissing them as unworthy of serious study. Trapped between the professional and the vernacular domains of architecture, home-venders, nevertheless, have significantly transformed urban fabrics of Korea, and require an unbiased survey of their business models and design methods, both as entrepreneurs and designers. This research, therefore, aims 1) to define and categorize homebuilders based on business models, and 2) to analyze their business models vis-a-vis architectural design methods. Most of the data and images are collected through field-survey, and in-depth interviews, as only limited literature on the subject has been published. The conclusions drawn from these surveys and analyses highlight economic advantages of their flexible and adaptable business models, which benefit the buyers as well as vendors, and their socioeconomic contribution in dealing with housing shortages for the low-income population. Over time, their architectural tendencies have matured significantly, adding to our urban fabric another meaningful layer for serious contemplation.
A Study on the Sense of Boundary in Kim Swoo Geun's Three Christian Cathedrals
Han, Ji-Ae ; Park, Yeon-Jeong ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 3, 2014, Pages 53~61
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.3.053
This study attempts to analyze how Kim Swoo Geun's Christian architecture has influenced Korean modern churches in a way of organizing the sense of boundary by the cases of Masan Yangduk Church(1977), Kyungdong Chuch(1980), and Bullkwangdong Church(1981). The meaning of boundary covers not only the physical space layout but also the cognitive interacting threshold that is one of the most remarkable points of general religious architectures. The issue of light extends the quality of sensuous properties that each space adopts for the embodiment of holiness. In other words, the way how to impose light into the sanctuary is the methodology of organizing multiple boundary. The quality of sensuous space represents the inherent value of christianity in the situated architecture. The three main cathedrals not just function as linear development examples in terms of evolving design process, but operate as an individual platform to accomplish the experimental embodiment which upholds the religious sense of boundary.
Establishing the Universal Design Guideline for Underground Public Pedestrian Facility - With Focused on the City of Seoul -
Lee, Gahng-Ju ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 3, 2014, Pages 63~71
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.3.063
The study has, in order to deduce the universal design for Underground Public Pedestrian Facility, demonstrated following contents. First, established theoretical bases as well as the meaning and value the study holds through theoretical consideration of universal design and analysis upon precedent researches that had dealt the topic. Second, based upon the professional understandings regarding urban underground space, especially Underground Public Pedestrian Facility, analyzed various laws of the country accompanied with principles and guidelines upon which the city of Seoul operates. Third, derived framework for Underground Public Pedestrian Facility universal design, and set the according guidelines for practical application to the city of Seoul. Furthermore, indicated problems of current laws, thoroughly concluded with possible suggestions of improvement.
Analysis of Space Planning of Elderly Universities in China - A Case of Shandong Province of Weihai -
Zheng, Hua ; Lee, Yeon-Sook ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 3, 2014, Pages 73~82
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.3.073
Nowadays low birth rate and aging of population are emerging as societal problems in the whole world. China, especially, has a great amount of elderly group as its population is 1.3 billion. The aging of population is expected to be severe because the baby boomers are soon becoming elderly. Moreover, the population of elderly and laboring population are extremely unbalanced because of the one-child policy in China. These elements together make the aging problem in China even more severe. Under this circumstance, it is important that elderly actively empower their independence, and maintain and raise their living quality to reduce the burden to their family and society. To achieve this, elderly education that helps elderly strengthen themselves is expected and environmental base for elderly universities to activate elderly education service as their self-development and health-management tools. However, elderly has been alienated from education and elderly education has also been considered more as a leisure activity to kill time than a tool to adapt to modern society. Because of this planning knowledge and skills for elderly friendly educational environment has not accumulated. Nonetheless, there environments have already emerged and are about to grow rapidly. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to identify characteristics of current elderly universities and to suggest directions to improve the environment. In this study, field survey was used and four elderly universities in Weihai city of Shandong province were studied. The result shows that elderly universities are emerging at a fast pace, yet the quality is still growing slowly comparing to the quantity. Elder and elderly education specific features are not taken into consideration. Therefore, in the future, elderly universities in China should be planned in a way that takes account of elderly features.
A Study on Weak Pedestrian's Circulation System Analysis at Senior Friendly Apartment Complex
Kim, Suk-Ki ; Lee, Sang-Ho ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 3, 2014, Pages 83~92
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.3.083
The purpose of this study is to survey and analysis a pedestrian route for senior apartment at Segok Rien Park 4th complex in Gangnam-gu. So as to find planning characteristic which is to be improved circulation planning. The method of this study is as follows. First, collate the advanced study of relative subjects such as weak pedestrian, exterior space at apartment complex and ect. for analysis and set up the study as distinguished from other logic. And then by using a eleven senior and disabled person welfare law, define limits to scope of study from the analysis items. In addition, area, width, height, type of the pedestrian route looks for the components of the physical space from a CAD drawing. Lastly it figured out elements of circulation planning and usage of senior friendly design, analysis pedestrian route at senior apartment complex by numerous times of visiting a site and interview with senior resident, The result of this study is as follows. First, according to analysing the layout planning on site plan, the Segok Rien Park 4th complex is divided into 3 zones and an exterior spaces are located in middle of each zone. Second, through analytical researches on actual usage of pedestrian route, lamp 1 at zone A, Elevator at zone B and sub main entrance exit for complex which located in south west side of zone C are most popular pedestrian route for senior. Third, elevator is most often used than lamp or stairs by senior resident. Forth, barrier-free circulation plan and design for senior are fit into the laws, but because this is senior apartment complex, it shall apply reasonable building regulations for senior behavior.
A Study on the Effectiveness of Using Human Behavior Representation on Creative Motivation in Architectural Design Process
Hong, Seung-Wan ; Lee, Yun-Gil ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 3, 2014, Pages 93~100
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.3.093
This study investigates the influences of using human behavior representation on designers' creative motivation in architectural design process. To achieve the goal, this study conducts experiments which compare sketching with various postured human behavior representations, and without them. Based on the participants' self-evaluation on the production of novel and functional solutions, we discover that the use of human behavior representations promotes the production of functional ideas, but hampers imagining novel solutions. The qualitative interpretation indicates that while the use of human behavior representations probably facilitates the participants to (1) evaluate scale of space, locational relationship amongst architectural elements, (2) be conscious on the occupants' behaviors consistently and (3) imagine the users' narrative and spatial experiences, the definitive description of human behavior obstructs a mental representation that produces initial architectural forms and spaces.
Analysis of Trends and Characteristics of Previous Research on Domestic Evacuation Behaviours Due to the Fire Occurrence - Focusing on Articles in Domestic Journals -
Kim, Jong-Ha ; Kim, Sang-Hee ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 3, 2014, Pages 101~112
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.3.101
Research on human behaviour during an evacuation is conducive to the safety and effective evacuation of future space users. Considering this, the present study carried out an in-depth analysis of previous studies on evacuation behaviour published in domestic journals to derive research trends and characteristics. Below are the findings of this study. First, as for research trends in journals, a total of 14 journals from academic societies and research institutes cover research articles on evacuation behaviour. Not much research on evacuation behaviour was published prior to 2000. By contrast, due to the 'subway fire at Jungangro Station in Junggu Daegu' that occurred in 2003 and relevant law enforcement, research on evacuation behaviour has increased sharply since 2005. Second, regarding objectives of studies, 12 out of 49 articles aimed at establishing reference data applicable to development of evacuation plans and simulations, accounting for the highest percentage (24.5%). In view of spatial settings studied, 9 articles (9.11%) focused on high-rise residential apartment housings and skyscrapers. Third, in terms of study methods, 17 articles (34.7%) reported on experiments using subjects with actual evacuation conditions reproduced. As to the study methods over time, experimental studies with subjects have rapidly increased in recent years. Fourth, concerning the types of experimental studies, 18 out of 37 articles (48.6%) set virtual evacuation scenarios, while 12 articles (32.4%) conducted experiments on flows only without scenarios. Finally, study items included such status-related items as overviews of buildings studied, use, occupant characteristics and identification/measurement/numbers/placement of evacuation traffic lines as well as operating/management-related items, whereas questionnaire survey items included awareness, evacuation behaviour, factors, education on fire prevention, evacuation psychology, frequency of use, evacuation methods, evacuation time and evacuation paths.
Comparison of Daylighting and Energy Performance According to Apartment Floor Shapes
Lee, Ji-Eun ; Lee, Kang-Up ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 3, 2014, Pages 113~120
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.3.113
The daylighting and energy performance is closely related to the unit floor planning determined by the floor shape. The aim of this paper has been to examine the difference of the daylight and energy performance on different floor types. In particular I have examined the effects of the apartment building facade outside each dwelling. To achieve this, we produced the simulation results of four floor unit planning in different shaped buildings(Flat-type, L-tower-type, Y-tower-type) used by ECOTECT and Daysim. The results show visually how DA and DF daylight level and energy consumption, i.e. heating and cooling loads are different according to the characteristics of apartment floor shapes. Moreover, this paper shows that is possible to predict the space condition by building shape factors.
A Study on Building the Work Environment to Utilize BIM for Domestic Architectural Firms
Kim, Eung-Gil ; Aum, Phil-Hyun ; Kim, In-Han ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 3, 2014, Pages 121~128
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.3.121
A dramatic development of recent technology in the design process has resulted in the transformation of architectural practice. Recently, the development is being accelerated due to the BIM(Building Information Modeling) technology. However, most of the domestic architectural Firms have not yet prepared the work environment transition for BIM operation. In order to solve that problem, in this study the authors have investigated and analysed the work environments utilizing BIM in diverse foreign architectural firms. The purpose of this study is to make suggestions for a desirable work environment and build a test of the work environment based on the research. Our next study will be more detailed analysis on diverse architectural firms and their transformation of the work environment generated by the elements other than BIM.
On the Role of Ambient Media to Facilitate the Sustainable Design Approaches in Architectural Education
Song, Yu-Mi ; Choe, Yoon ; Kim, Sung-Ah ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 3, 2014, Pages 129~137
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.3.129
The issue of sustainability draws public attention to the environmental aspect such as carbon emissions and global warming as the various social and environmental problems are emerging. Carbon emissions caused by the energy consumption can be considerably reduced if the buildings are constructed in more sustainable ways. The basic assumption is that, by enhancing designers' awareness to sustainability, built environment can be improved with more impact than any other social engagement by citizens. A series of experiments are conducted by observing the influence of ambient information in design studios. Designers' awareness of sustainability and reflection into the design output were investigated. The experiment was designed to combine the effect of ambient information with strategical team settings based on game theory. The ambient information orients the design focus of participants in a nonintrusive way. The team settings provide cooperation and competition factors to the design environment. Altogether, they turned out to increase the design quality in various dimensions. Based on the results of the experiment, a design education assistance system is proposed.
Analytical Study on the Susceptible Part of Structure types of Multi-roofed Historic Wooden Building - Focused on the part of deflection and reinforcement -
Cho, Hyun-Jung ; Kim, Sang-Hyup ; Noh, Hyeon-Kyun ; Kim, Ho-Soo ; Jung, Sung-Jin ; Kim, Wang-Jik ; Kim, Derk-Moon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 3, 2014, Pages 139~146
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.3.139
Multi-roofed historic wooden building 'connection' and 'special proportion' of the load according to the delivery system may be different. Layer and the layer again, and that there is a special proportional single layer than building Multi-roofed historic wooden building will be the reason for severe deformation. In this paper, we present a Multi-roofed historic wooden building in Korea in connection with the special classified on the basis of proportional type, susceptible parts to organized the structure, and the techniques used to reinforcement the study aims to. As a result, depending on the type of connection that specific proportion and was able to find similarities and differences.
A Study on the Negative Images of Apartment Housing Represented in Korean Films since 1970s
Moon, Guen-Jong ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 3, 2014, Pages 147~158
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.3.147
The purpose of this study is to analyze the 'Negative Images of Apartments' represented in Korean films since 1970s. It is assumed that films reflect the social and architectural backgrounds as well as the interests of the general public. The term 'image' not only refers to the visual or physical images but also the conscious and subconscious drives and socio-psychological causes that produced those images. Therefore, to investigate the images of apartments is to verify in a socio-cultural manner of how apartments were recognized by the general public and what they meant to them. For the analysis, a pool of artistically and publicly renowned Korean films since 1970s was constructed. Through the scenes and their respective scripts, the characters, acts, and architectural spaces were analyzed. The negative images of loneliness, anonymity, segregation in the 1970s have developed into the critical and cynical images of lack of communication, indifference, misunderstanding, uneasiness and fear. Despite apartments being so common today, they are the scenes of human alienation and it is the films that sensitively catch and express this. Here, we recognize the significance films can have on the architecture field that should be at the center of thinking of the fundamentals of dwelling.
Bibliographical Approaches on Themes in Architectural Sociology - Focus on literatures from 1975 to 2011 -
Song, Jong-Eun ; Park, Yong-Seo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 3, 2014, Pages 159~166
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.3.159
The paper aims to reveal the implication of the studies of "Architectural Sociology" to the architectural design thinking. Bibliographical research on the themes of architectural sociology is classified into five categories according to the contents of selected literatures (published from 1975 to 2011) : (1)sociological theories and the development of architectural sociology, (2)architect and architectural practices, (3)social interaction in space, (4)sociality of architecture, (5)application of social science to design. Three relationships (architecture-society, human being-architecture, and architectural practice-society) derived from three interpretative areas of architectural sociology are discussed by using upper five categories to explore their meanings on architectural design thinking. The paper concludes that themes of architectural sociology provide the basis of human centered architectural design thinking with understanding of social interaction in architectural practices.
Tourism Resources of the Ideology Expressed in Bulguksa - Based on Roland Barthes's Semiology Mythologies -
Moon, Jung-Pil ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 3, 2014, Pages 167~174
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.3.167
This research aims at raising questions about that the contribution of the restoration of Bulguksa to tourist industry has made it appear as a myth, finding mythical values of the meanings of the materials, time and space expressed in the architecture which was realized through the tale related to Bulguksa, and identifying the characteristics of the spiritual ideology of the culture to approach the pursuit of aesthetic appreciation of tourism. For this purpose, the values to be complemented by the spiritual value of the culture of Bulguksa can become the resources for tourism, through tale from the viewpoint of Barthes' mythologies, as follows. As for the creation of the myth of rule by royal authority, the socio-political aspects of middle era of Silla can be tourism resources by covering Bulguksa and surrounding Toham Mountain. In addition, the creation of the myth of filial duty should not be dealt just with the viewpoint of Buddhism, and the ideas of filial duty and enlightenment, the common goals of the three religions of Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism that had been already established in East Asia at that time, can also be the resources for tourism. With regard to the creation of the myth by the fiction of imagination, tourism resources can be created when the elements composing Bulguksa expose what is hidden by a certain reality at the level of denotation meaning through semiologic signification. Therefore, with Bulguksa's foundation, rebuilding and restoration with the spirit of the times, the identity of the spiritual existence of ideological culture which recognizes the imperfection of its architecture and tale and continues to correct them has to be confirmed continuously, and the pursuit of aesthetic appreciation by tourism needs to become the resources.
A Prism of Urban Design Theory of Modernism in Architecture - A Comparative Study on the Urban Design Theories between H. P. Berlage and CIAM -
Kang, Tae-Woong ; Kim, Tae-Sun ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 3, 2014, Pages 175~182
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.3.175
Generally, theories of modernism urban architecture in the first half of
century are known to be developed among debates in CIAM. At the time of formation of CIAM in 1928, one of the important concepts among those times was the standardization. CIAM had focused on the relation between architecture and general economy system and linked economic efficiency into the method of building production, declaring this way to be the universal modern architecture. However, the idea of Berlage who had already performed various collective housing and urban planning projects on the basis of the standardization was distinguishable form what CIAM had pursued on. Berlage's idea of standardization in terms of urban architecture was just like a tool, which embodies the new city culture and it was a part of his plenty of other urban architectural ideologies. In Berlage's idea of urban architecture, city structure must be consisted with human behavior-oriented factors such as housing, not implementing strategy of reductionism or simplicity, which CIAM had proposed. The point is, although Berlage signed La Sarraz declare of 1928 nominally, CIAM's notions did not meet Berlage's lofty goal, and CIAM's rather iconoclastic way of proclaiming La Sarraz declare was clearly contradicted to theoretical position that Berlage indicated.
The Proportion System of Yangjindang
Jang, Sun-Joo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 3, 2014, Pages 183~190
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.3.183
The first purpose of this research is to understand the proportion systems in the plan, walls, and elevations of Yangjindang, and moreover, through the understanding of the proportion system, finding the elements having an effect on the system is another purpose of the research. As the results of research, first, the proportion of the plan outline of the anchae in Yangjindang is 3:3 and the plan outline of the whole of Yangjindang and anmadang is 3:4. Also the major rooms has the proportion system in aesthetic number such as 3:3, 3:4, 3:5, 2:3, 3:5 and so on. Second, It was found that the column space and height of 18-kan walls surrounding the anmagang have the proportion system of 3:3, 4:5, 3:4, and the 17-kan walls surrounding the sarangmadang have 3:3, 4:5, 2:3 and so on. As the third result, the parts of the elevation have also several proportion systems such as the proportions between column space and the height from the top of the base to the bottom of the eaves are 3:3, 4:5, 3:4, 2:3, and between the height from the top of the base to the bottom of the eaves and the height of gable roof are 5:3, 3:2, and between the height from the top of the base to the bottom of the eaves and the height of half-hipped roof are 3:3, 4:5, 1:2. Based on these proportion systems, the front facade and left and right elevation were applied in zoning and functional aspects by controlling the gap of ground level with the height of basement and column and adjusting the height of the roofs in the anchae zone and the sarangchae zone. However, the backside, which is the main living place for house owner, was applied by same proportion systems without dividing between anchae and sarangchae zone. Also, it was comprehended that there was some intention of shape which makes the difference in the elevations like horizontality and verticality, as controlling the proportion systems in some parts even though the whole heights of anchae and sarangchae are same. As above-mentioned, this research has a purpose to understand that Yangjindang has various proportion systems in aesthetic number and there is a tendency that the proportions are not over the ratio from 3:3 to 3:5 in its plan outline, between column space and height, and between column space and height from the top of the base to the bottom of the eaves. In addition to that, there is another meaning which is to find that the proportion systems are influenced by various other elements such as ground level, zoning and functional differentiation, aesthetic aspects and so on.
General Public Understanding on Residential Area and Housing of Seoul, the Capital City of Korea in 1970s through Park, Wan-suh's Novels
Park, Cheol-Soo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 3, 2014, Pages 191~201
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.3.191
The aim of this paper is to find out how the general public understood and acted on housing and residential area of Seoul, Capital City, in 1970s. Many refer 1970s of Seoul as a representative period for the development of dense Korean cities. The researcher reviews novels of Park Wan-suh described city Seoul of 1970s with realism through memories and experiences in order to understand life and housing of the general public. Literature review and empirical approach were the methods for the following findings. 1970s was the time for the development of density with lateral and vertical expansion of housing in Seoul of which boundaries were expanded in 1963, and expansion of housing in suburb also followed. As a result, people could seek housing in much expanded areas and the housing market got overheated with rising price. There was a boom for owning apartment housing with considerable urbanization of Korean cities. Large supply of apartment housing especially with development of Gangnam resulted in dominance of apartment housing with convenient and independent life style over existing housing type such as single house. 1970s was also the time of transition for the housing types, preference for apartment homes became strong trend in the housing market and urban traditional Korean houses started to diminish as a choice for housing type, which had been popular. Apartment housing was considered as a sign of departure from premodern lifestyle and achievement of higher level of economic class. It was very 1970s when distinction between luxury and mid-or low-income apartment housing evident based on size and housing features. Understanding on housing in 1970s represented by criticism on luxurious single house of mid-income class, which was a dominant housing type and extravagant life style with wealth made easy from the overheated housing market. Especially, main criticism is on luxurious single house and weekend farm that was possible with opening of Gyungbu Express Way accompanied by new consumer culture.
The Provisional Suitability of Nursery Facilities in Seoul: Focused on the Analysis of Service Areas
Kim, Heung-Soon ; Nam, Jae-Hyeong ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 3, 2014, Pages 203~213
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.3.203
The importance of nursery facilities and the demand for the facilities have increased consistently due to the spread of 'universal social welfare' idea. However, the supply of the facilities is appraised insufficient. Therefore, this study aims at analyzing the spatial suitability of supply and demand of nursery facilities in Seoul. In this respect, this study surveyed all nursery facilities in Seoul, using 2011 Child-care Statistics published by the Ministry of Health and Welfare in 2012. In the analysis, this study performed GIS network analysis and regression analysis. What to follow is the findings of this study. First, the number of nursery facilities is positively correlated with the number of children and people per household, but is negatively correlated with the household income. Second, the present capacity of the facilities satisfies only 87.42% of the estimated demand. Third, this study performed GIS network analysis to find out the areas with excess or deficiency. As a result, the nursery service appears to cover 95.34% of the residential area in Seoul. However, the downtown area is served not enough. Finally, this study analyzed distribution characteristics of the nursery facilities in the aspect of equity, effectiveness, and efficiency. Most districts of Seoul meet the effectiveness criteria, but only a few districts satisfy the efficiency criteria. Thus, the efficiency of the facilities supply needs to be taken into account in managing policies.
Comparative Analysis of Diverse Typical Weather Data Model for Building Energy Assessment
Yoo, Ho-Chun ; Park, So-Hee ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 3, 2014, Pages 215~222
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.3.215
This paper explored accurately and objectively typical meteorological data essential to the analysis of building energy to build typical data for the low-energy building. To do this, the paper proceeded with the following steps: selecting 5 calculation models of typical meteorological data, which are generally used by authorized institutions and many researchers at Seoul in Korea; preparing regional typical meteorological data displaying the results recorded for 20 years; making a comparative analysis of the characteristics of typical meteorological data by regional & estimating model and the study model setting the effect of building energy for business building. This paper found that there was a direct correlation between the average actual data recorded for 20 years and 5 calculation models, and there was not much difference in calculation models by assessing typical meteorological data and the significance level. In addition, through the comparison between typical meteorological data and cooling & heating load of every single year for 20 years, this paper illustrated that the dry-bulb temperature has a significant impact on energy analysis program. Such impact is considered to be a very important indicator for predicting the results of analysis through dry-bulb temperature and cooling & heating degree days.
A Comparison of Measured Entrance Doors' Data with those of Airtightness Standards
Ji, Kyung-Hwan ; Lee, Dong-Seok ; Jo, Jae-Hun ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 3, 2014, Pages 223~230
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.3.223
Airtightness is a key factor for saving building energy. The importance of the entrance door airtightness has been increased because the importance of the whole building airtightness has been increased. In this study, we investigated domestic standard and international ones of entrance door airtightness to establish criteria of entrance door airtightness. We reviewed various measured airtightness data in the previous studies. Also, we conducted field measurements for several entrance doors - types were such as the swing, sliding, and revolving doors installed existing buildings. Fan pressurization method was used for the measurement based on ASTM E783/ASTM 2283 standard. We made an comparative analysis on the field measured data with the measured ones of other countries.