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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Architectural Institute of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 12 - Dec 2014
Volume 30, Issue 11 - Nov 2014
Volume 30, Issue 10 - Oct 2014
Volume 30, Issue 9 - Sep 2014
Volume 30, Issue 8 - Aug 2014
Volume 30, Issue 7 - Jul 2014
Volume 30, Issue 6 - Jun 2014
Volume 30, Issue 5 - May 2014
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Apr 2014
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Mar 2014
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Feb 2014
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Jan 2014
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Algorithm-based Free Form Generation for the Application of Music to Digital Architectural Design - focused on Visual Programming Language -
Woo, Seung-Hak ; Choo, Seung-Yeon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 6, 2014, Pages 3~10
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.6.3
The degree of 'auditory impression' through music was subject to relative measurement based on personal tastes. However, the advance of digital technology has enabled to quantify and typify the sizes of auditory impression. Various digital technologies such as parametric are applied for transformation into other sensational elements, leading to the development of elemental technologies to generate forms in association with architectural theories. This study is aimed to suggest an architectural methodology to materialize auditory impression of music as spatial impression in architecture. At the same time, the relations with BIM model was described for effective Collaboration among AEC industry subjects. This is to prepare and review reasonable design alternatives by minimizing time and efforts required when an architect designs through digital tools. It is also expected that architectural data based on the design methodology suggested in this paper will be a basis for data exchange between participants in the architectural design process.
A Study on the Proposal and Application of Open BIM-based Design Method of Super-tall Building's Envelopes through Energy Performance Analysis
Yang, Jung-Im ; Choi, Jung-Sik ; Kim, In-Han ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 6, 2014, Pages 11~18
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.6.11
As contemporary design gets more sophisticated and the policies of environment-friendly design have been established, the use of BIM (Building Information Modeling) technology is widely spreading in the current AEC industry. For instance, PPS(Public Procurement Service) announced that public projects that are larger than 50 billion won in total construction costs should apply BIM from the year 2012, which is expected to be applied for large scale projects like super-tall buildings in the future. Unlike the conventional process of making a blueprint, BIM technology is a concept that includes additional information as well as the shape information of a building. However, there are few researches conducted for alternative assessment through open BIM-based energy assessment in the initial planning stage. Eventually, it requires much effort and time to understand energy efficiency to come up with the optimal building alternative in super-tall buildings design. Therefore, this study suggests an open BIM-based design method of super-tall building's envelopes through energy performance analysis. When creating building envelopes of a super-tall building from the initial planning stage, the users can efficiently select the most suitable alternative.
A Case Study on Housing Development of Domestic and Foreign through the Mixed Use Development of Railroad Site - Focus on analysis of connect system between surface and underground -
Baek, Seung-Kwan ; Kim, Doo-Sik ; Kim, Young-Hoon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 6, 2014, Pages 19~30
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.6.19
This study analyze the spatial connection system in housing development example of domestic and foreign through the mixed-use development of railway depot. Site cases are as follows: Shimura Depot(Japan), Kowloon Bay Depot(Hongkong), Chai Wan Depot(Hongkong), Gare de Montparnasse(France) and Sin Jeong Depot(Korea). Railway Depot caused various problems such as the lack of the feeling of solidarity of local inhabitants and the sense of community. In the case of Hong Kong and a France development example to solve these problems, the architectural characteristics appears. At first it is located facilities such as commerce, duties, the culture. Further, the publicity of the house place is strengthened because an open space, a park are developed on the railroad site. And a variety of connection systems appear between the outside space with a house housing complex built on the artificial ground. Such a point suggests it for Happy Housing Project and Mixed use development carried out in the country recently.
An Analysis of Satisfaction Related to Preschool Children's Care Reaning Environment by Housing Type
Yoo, In-Chang ; Kang, Boo-Seong ; Park, Ji-Yeon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 6, 2014, Pages 31~38
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.6.31
The low birth rate problem is emerging as a serious social problem. It is necessary to confirm the satisfaction with child-rearing environment of children. We conducted the analysis for the items internal environment, external environment, child care environment. In comparison to the needs of the child care environments, it was found that the satisfaction is low. Apartment satisfaction is higher than the residence other types. However, it was numerically lower satisfaction of the apartment. It is determined by regulations for large complex. It is necessary to set a regional basis standard of welfare facilities for the improvement of child-rearing environment. It is expected that the improvement of child care environment and residential child care will give a positive effect to an increase in the birth rate. Research for the infrastructure of child care support of residence must be continued.
An Analysis of the Unit Flexibility in Dongtan New Town Apartments
Kim, Ma-Rie ; Yoon, Chae-Shin ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 6, 2014, Pages 39~48
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.6.39
Recent Korean apartment plans show weakness in design methods for flexibility planning. Each constructors design theirs projects in various ways, but they are bent on following a criterion guided by regulations without their own design theme for flexibility. This phenomenon can cause a social burden because of the lack of unit flexibility in future. This thesis aims to raise a question on the current method of measuring unit flexibility and to propose a new point of view oriented to the future change. The prior part of this paper reviews theories on the flexibility in apartment buildings and the precedent studies on measuring unit flexibility. The later part deals the flexibility analysis of Dongtan New Town apartments and shows the limitation of the current flexibility design. Case studies show that the length ratio of bearing walls and columns in interior space and the width of unit plan, which are considered as important factor of flexibility, do not have direct relation with it. Current regulations and practices should be complemented to let the apartment buildings accommodate socioeconomic change and to propose various alternatives in using housing space.
Development of Dissemination Model of POE Findings to Improve Research Utilization in Design Process - Focused on Multi-Family Housing POE -
Park, So-Yeon ; Lee, Kyung-Hoon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 6, 2014, Pages 49~58
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.6.49
The purpose of this study is to suggest the dissemination model of Post-Occupancy Evaluation(POE) findings to improve research utilization in the design process. To identify the directions in developing the model, 42 existing POE researches were analyzed, and several problems with the ways to present POE findings were derived. Based on these problems, 4 strategies for dissemination model of POE findings were formulated: defining the basic outline, considering designers' preference for information form, connecting related information, and building the web database. The questionnaire survey on designers' perception of POE information was also conducted to assess the validity of 4 strategies and to obtain detailed ideas for the model. This study, finally, suggested specific plans for developing the model in terms of information classification system, information presentation forms, and user interface, and, in accordance with these plans, proposed the actual website model which can be utilized as POE web database.
The Architectural Trend and its Typological Characteristics of Han-Ok Housing built in Suburban area of Gyeongnam since the 1990's
Son, June-Hyek ; Kim, Jun ; Yoo, Jae-Woo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 6, 2014, Pages 59~70
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.6.59
This study is focused on the 80 case studies of 'Hanok' newly built after 1990's and analyzes their architectural trend and its typological characteristics. It also has classified 'Hanok' according to applied space formation, materials as well as building construction planning, in order to study on the trend of diverse 'Hanok' built recently. Consequently, this study has drawn the following conclusions. First, for the tradition oriented 'Hanok', there are three cases mostly built by traditional carpenter, and their average gross area is
and average number of resident is 2.7. Secondly, transformational 'Hanok', which is combined with traditional exterior as well as modern convenient interior, has thirty four cases. And they are the most universal types of 'Hanok' among other cases and their average gross area is
and the number of resident is 3.3. Thirdly, there are 8 cases of applied 'Hanok' with average gross area of
as well as average number of resident of 2.3. Finally, 27 cases are simplified 'Hanok' and their average gross area is
and average number of resident is 2.3.
Planing of a Communal Living Home for the Aged by Remodeling of Permanent Rental Housing
Kwon, Soon-Jung ; Han, Kyun ; Kim, Hyo-Jeong ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 6, 2014, Pages 71~78
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.6.71
Because most of permanent rental housings in Korea were constructed more than 20 years ago, they are actually in need of renovation. Also high proportion of elderly people are living in permanent rental housing who are fragile in the social, financial, and physical aspect. It is inconvenient and dangerous for them to continuously live in such a deteriorated environment. But they want to live as long as possible in their old residences until they are severely ill or they die. Introducing communal living home for the aged into these existing permanent rental housings will be a way to provide Aging in Place to these seniors. This study has surveyed related laws, previous studies and advanced cases in foreign countries to propose a type of communal living homes for the aged in permanent rental housings. This study has suggested the communal living home for the aged with a concrete plan on roof top and the first floor of a representative permanent rental housing block. From this study, we tries to relieve 3 major problems of seniors such as alienation, poverty, and disease. This can be an option for realizing Aging in Place by residing seniors within the existing complex and forming sustainable community.
An Analysis on the Living Environment of the Group-homes for the Elderly with Dementia in Gyeonggi Province
An, Eun-Hee ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 6, 2014, Pages 79~86
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.6.79
The main purpose of this study is to examine the situations of the group-homes for the elderly with dementia and clarify the problems of them. This study investigate the actual conditions of the living environment of the group-homes for the elderly with dementia. 11 group-homes were surveyed in Sungnam, Goyang and Paju cities, Gyeonggi province. Data were collected through various ways including interview with facility operators, plan collection, and photo-takings. The results of this study are as follows; 1) With the introduction of long term care insurance in 2008, the increase of the demand and supply to group-home will be expected, due to less cost for recuperation. The care for the elderly in homelike atmosphere is effective to the elderly with dementia. 2) 3~4 persons per room is common in Korea. But the area for 3~4 persons per room is not proper to support the elderly's behavior. The adjustment of the area of each space is demanded. 3) The present living environments of group-homes for the elderly with dementia leave much room for improvement, considering the physical condition of the elderly.
Analysis of Elderly Living Situation for the Remodeling of Permanent Rental Housing
Han, Kyun ; Kwon, Soon-Jung ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 6, 2014, Pages 87~94
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.6.87
This study has explored living status of the elderly in public rental housing in order to draw out the remodeling ideas of the rental housing. At first, definition and supply pattern of the public rental housing and elderly living condition have been figured out based on the 2011 Rental Housing Survey by MoLIT. Household compositions, living conditions of elderly residents, requirements for building upgrade and welfare services have been investigated on the selected 3 apartment complexes. According to this survey, proportion of elderly households(living alone elderly 50.2%, 2 elderly household 32.5%) have been proved to be very high and 37.1% of elderly respondents could not walk by themselves, 33.8% of the elderly could not prepare their meals by themselves. Need for the physical upgrade of toilet was very high. Especially threshold, handrail and door width of the toilet were the problematic points. Besides those, there were needs for the elimination of threshold in balcony(26.0%), bedroom door(25.9%), entrance door(24.3%) and the enlargement of width in entrance(16.5%) and outside corridor(16.9%). As for the services, the need for meal service, health consulting service and simple safety service is relatively high. This study shows some implications that basic remodeling, system remodeling and additional remodeling are necessary for the elderly resident in public rental housing.
A Study on Architectural Application of Morpho-Ecology
Kim, Won-Gaff ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 6, 2014, Pages 95~104
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.6.95
Recent architectural works generate complex curved architectural forms from the concepts of biology, complexity and emergence using new digital technology and softwares. But in most cases, they are still in the concepts of architecture which is formal analogy of physical and biological model in nature and the integration of structure, function and beauty in the form. Another proposal is considering the architecture as a performative system from the morpho-ecological thinking. Morpho-Ecology is a method of design for high level of functionality and performance ability of architecture in the view point of biological morphogenesis and ecology that concerns the relationship with organisms and their environment. The methods of architectural application of morpho-ecology are definition of geometry that can result many formal differentiation for morphogenesis of material system and the integration of material behaviour and capacity, manufacturing and assembly, environmental modulation and a type of spatial conditioning for a richily heterogeneous space.
Possibility of Circumambulation Facility of the Octagonal Pagoda of Goguryeo Buddhist Temple Site in the 5th Century
An, Dai-Whan ; Kim, Sung-Woo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 6, 2014, Pages 105~115
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.6.105
The purpose of this study is to identify the circumambulation facility of octagonal pagada sites in Gouryeo Temples. In Gouryeo, the data from 4 excavation sites have been confirmed to be from the 5th century. During this period, the pagoda was the central structure in the temple and the circumambulation ritual was the most important ceremony. Therefore, the circumambulation facility must have been necessary the wooden octagonal pagoda in Goguryeo as was the case in the Chinese pagodas in the 5-6th century. However, the possibility of circumambulation space have not been seriously disscussed in the research materials on Goguryeo pagoda sites. The aim of this paper was to clearify how the circumambulation facility was designed and how the facility was structured based on the data from the excavation reports. At the Goguryeo pagoda sites, evidence of a circumambulation facility actually existed. An important characteristic of the Goguryeo pagoda sites is that another foundation layer appears to be spaced from the basic outskirt of the base. Some documents believed this 'outer foundation layer' to be a waterspout facility (a rain water drainage : 낙수받이 시설) and others believed this to be double foundation(이중기단). But this study strongly assumed that this 'outer foundation layer(기초열)' is a circumambulation facility. From the remains at the pagoda site, the plan, characteristic of the circumambulation facility was identified to a considerable extent based on the interpretation of the excavation data.
A Study on 'weak architecture' of Kuma Kengo and Sou Fujimoto
Chang, Yong-Soon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 6, 2014, Pages 117~125
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.6.117
The purpose of this study is to analyse 'weak architecture' proposed by Kuma Kengo and Sou Fujimoto against the 'strongness' of modern architecture focusing the contrast of the artificial and the natural. According to Kengo, the omnipresence of concrete, steel and glass expelled use of natural materials such as stone, wood, soil, and made them material of decoration. Fujimoto criticize that modern architecture has the spirit of division and separation and that modern functionalism separated the human activities. As alternative, Kengo proposes surface composed of superposition of natural materials and Fujimoto makes the incomplete whole based on the relations of the parts. Their tentatives cause the question about the lost relation between artificial/natural, part/whole, transparence/opacity, interior/exterior, contrast/gradation. This study aims to analyse and compare the works and thought of two architects.
A Study on the J angji(障子) of Traditional Architecture - Focused on the Function of Jangji and Introduction of Sliding Door -
Han, Ji-Man ; Lee, Jeong-Mee ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 6, 2014, Pages 127~134
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.6.127
The Jangji(障子) of Korean traditional architecture, had been known as sliding window which was installed on the inside of hinged window, or known as sliding door which devide rooms. In the Yeong-geon eugye(營建儀軌), the royal construction reports of Joseon(朝鮮) dynasty, the Jangji is classified as windows and doors. But, in the Sahengrok(使行錄), the record of Joseon envoys who were sent to Japan in 1600s, it is often seen that they did not understand the Syoji(障子) of Japanese architecture as a type of windows and doors which they had seen in Joseon. They understand the Akarisyoji(明障子) which were widely used in Japanese, as those were opened and closed by unique method of sliding, even they recorded as 'windows and doors were not installed'. In this study, the existing study on the Jangji those has been conducted by analysing the Yeong-geon eugye, were critically examined. And the development process of Jangji, it was used as flexible partition of interior space, was researched by analysing the contents related to Jangji, which were recorded on The Chronicles of the Three States(三國史記), The Heritage of the Three States(三國遺事) and the historical records of Goryo and Joseon dynasty. As the result of research, it could be ascertained that, when the sliding door was introduced to the interior space of Korean traditional architecture. And this study is expected to be used as a reference for understanding the form of house architecture before early Joseon period, intact house architecture artifacts are not remained during that time.
Sociological Understanding of Architecture and Architectural Activity - Architectural Sociology Approach Based on Symbolic Interactionism -
Song, Jong-Eun ; Park, Yong-Seo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 6, 2014, Pages 135~146
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.6.135
Symbolic Interactionism could be a useful theoretical basis for the sociological understanding about three themes derived from definitions of "architecture" and "architectural activity". The themes include 1)What is the meaning of social activity served by architecture, 2)What is the meaning of concretizing human being through symbolic forms and its relationship between human being and symbolic forms. and 3)How could architectural design be a process of self-understanding. The paper explores these themes in the topics of architectural sociology based on main concepts of Symbolic Interactionism. For this purpose, firstly, the paper outlines main concepts of the theory: symbol, objects, self & human behavior, secondly, discusses three topics related with these concepts in architectural sociology; 1)people, social behavior and material environment. 2)social space, space and social interaction, 3)architectural symbol, materiality and self. thirdly, summarize the sociological meaning of the definition of architecture and architectural activity, finally, the paper suggests the implication of Symbolic Interactionism to the architectural design thinking.
Panopticon and Contradiction of Jeremy Bentham
Shin, Gun-Soo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 6, 2014, Pages 147~156
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.6.147
This study contends that the famous panopticon designed by Jeremy Bentham in 1791 (firstly in 1787) was not, despite his conviction, "a simple idea in Architecture," but a complex mechanism of visible operations. Nevertheless, this English philosopher made great efforts toward the construction of his prison, which was not, strictly speaking, panoptic ("seeing without being seen"). The purpose of this study is to analyze Bentham's contradiction regarding the impossibility of realizing the perfect process of one-way vision. In this research, Bentham's idea is examined through his last panopticon project, which is divided into two parts: a real optic system and the effect of invisible surveillance. To address this issue, it is firstly essential to understand the difference between Bentham's pure concept and his final project. Secondly, we must engage in a search for meaning within Bentham's propositions on architecture and surveillance mechanisms, after assessing the challenges involved in their implementation. Finally, this study will analyze the principles of the panopticon as compared to a general prison model by means of visual systems.
Historical Meaning of the Site Layout of Koguryo Buddhist Temples of the 5
Century compared to the Excavated Cases of Chinese Temples
Kim, Sung-Woo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 6, 2014, Pages 157~167
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.6.157
Excavated information of Buddhist temples of Koguryo built during the
century, have been roughly understood to be a kind of continuation of Chinese trend of Buddhist architecture. However, recent excavation report of Chinese temples of the 5-6th century, casts quite different possibility of interpretation. Since no evidence of octagonal pagoda and two image halls on each side of central pagoda, which are the two key features of Koguryo sites, were not found in Chinese cases, it seems quite evident that Koguryo sites were not generated after the Chinese pattern, but created by Koguryo. It is possible for Koguryo, to adopt foreign influence such as Indian circular stupa or the system of East and West halls on each side of central hall in palace architecture, however, Even if Koguryo people adopted such aspects, they must have interpreted them in their own way to be able to create entirely new pattern of Buddhist temple. It is quite clear that Koguryo temples sites of the
century, is not continuation of Chinese model but creation of Koguryo's own. This fact imply that the ancient Buddhist architectures of Korean peninsula as a whole needs to be reinterpreted since temples sites of Paekche and Silla, as well, employed the pattern of 3 imge hall which so unique development of Koguryo.
A Study on the Structural Characteristics of the 17th Century Multi-storied Buddhist Halls
Ryoo, Seong-Lyong ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 6, 2014, Pages 169~176
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.6.169
This study is basically about multi-storied Buddhist-hall in 17th Century Temple. Until now we know that there are the whole bay set-back style and the half bay set-back style in the viewpoint of the column position between upper floors and lower floors in multi-storied buildings. And there are the angle beam type, the angle tie type, the high corner column type, none corner column type in the half bay set-back style. But the angle beam type was intensively used in multi-storied buddihist halls especially in 17th century. The eventually purpose of this study is to find out why the type of angle beam was only used in multi-storied buddhist halls in 17th. The angle tie type was only used in DaeUngJeon, BupJuSa. The angle tie was longer than the angle beam used in other 5 buddhist halls. So the angle tie was supported with the column. But the angle beam were strong than the angle tie. Because the angle beam was put in the column directly. It concluded that the people regarded structural stability of the multi-storied buddhist halls.
A Comparative Study between Carl Andre and Architectural Strategy in the Methods of Placeness on Floor
Kim, Su-Bin ; Lee, Hee-Jae ; Whang, Hee-Joon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 6, 2014, Pages 177~184
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.6.177
The floor is an essential part of the daily human activity, as well as in the field of architecture; however, its value as a fountain of meanings and its characteristics or emanating expressions, have been somehow diminished in the modern architecture. Carl Andre is one of the representing sculptor who sought for a change in understanding the traditional concept of the term 'placeness' by denying the object's vertical form and embracing a new method of sticking the fragmental units of the artwork on the floor. Therefore this study emphasizes the hidden potential that the term 'floor' can have, by basing the claims of the research from the ideas reelected in Carl Andre's sculptural works. Moreover, this study seeks for a methodological approach of application of the new term of 'floor' in the architectural design.
Theoretical Approach on the Modern Space and Placeness - focused on Foucault and Lefebvre's discussions of space -
Lim, Sung-Hun ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 6, 2014, Pages 185~192
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.6.185
As David Harvey has pointed out, the locality and it's characteristics are being commercialized. It is used as leverages to lead a monetary value through making more people to visit the site. Of course, people's visiting makes more possibilities on the site. However, there still remains questions whether it is the way to contribute directly to the lives of local residents. Based on the problems, this article suggests a tool to find out the characteristics of spatial regions as a theory. So far, the grounds of the value of a place has been confirmed by its inherent characteristics. But now it should be adjusted in order to create more practical basis: from the relation of inherent and extrinsic to the relation of inside and outside. Through this, the paper suggests the more valuable analysis method in reality. In the process of discussing, it is basis of the discussing Lefebvre's classification of space and Foucault's heterotopias. As a result, based on a boundary of inside and outside spaces, this paper establishes practical way of space analysis.
A Study on Changes of Architectural Terms since Inflows of Western Architectural Styles after Opening Ports of Korea - Focused on Changes in the Awareness and the System -
Seo, Dong-Chun ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 6, 2014, Pages 193~200
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.6.193
Since an inflow of the Western architectural style into Korea in late 19th century, the new terms were created because the people needed to represent the new architectural style. After that, changes of the terms were happened and there were the influences of various factors. Before Western architectural styles flow into Korea, the embassy to China and Japan firstly observed the architectures of Western style and recorded abstractly as a compound word. The terms have become concrete since the architectures of Western style is constructed in Korea and the people had a experience to observe that directly. The terms were changed in way to represent concretely with a use of the construction materials and the external appearances. This changes were concerned with not only the influence of the Western architectural style but also the influence of Chinese architectural style and Japanese architectural style. As a result of this study, it is clarified that changes of the architectures in late 19th century were related with the influence of China and Japan not only the Western influence through changes of architectural terms.
A Comparative Analysis of Publicness focused on the Behavioral Characteristics between Publicly-owned Public Open Space and Privately-owned Public Open Space - Focused on Special Planning District of District Unit Plans in Seoul -
Kim, Min-Joo ; Yang, Seung-Woo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 6, 2014, Pages 201~208
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.6.201
The purpose of this study is to analyze 'Publicness' between 'Publicly-owned public space' and 'Privately-owned public space' designated in Special Planning District in District Unit Plans in Seoul which focused on the behavioral characteristics. The locational pattern of Publicly-owned public space has divided into six typologies, which divided into four sub-typology based on locational relationship between publicly-owned public space and privately-owned public space. The behavior observations on eight representative sites per four sub-topology have conducted for the empirical analysis. From the results of the comparative analysis, the locational relation between publicly-owned public space and privately-owned public space has influenced to the characteristics of behavior pattern. This paper concludes that it is important to consider locational relation to the adjacent land use and building on site in order to improve the quality of public space.
A Practical Examination on the Effectiveness of Integration Calibration Coefficient of Space Syntax
Lee, Sang-Hyun ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 6, 2014, Pages 209~217
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.6.209
The purpose of this research is to (i) examine the effectiveness of an indicator of space syntax, i.e., integration from the empirical perspective and (ii) propose a new way to represent integration. For the first purpose, we examined if the integration of nodes remains the same regardless of the size of a network when they are at the same position at the same shape of a network. This research shows that the integration value did not remain constant, indicating that Hillier's argument that integration can be used as an absolute comparative criterion is not reasonable. This research proposed two more effective ways to represent integration. One is to use an accumulation rate on the basis of the size of integration. The other is to represent integration with a multiple of standard deviation based on the observation findings that the distribution of integration of a network in a certain shape is consistent. The former has an advantage that the ranking of integration of certain nodes can be represented clearly; and the latter has the merit of presenting both ranking and distribution of integration.
A Comparison of Regulations on Collective Housing Planning of Korea and China
Lee, Hyun-Gil ; Lee, Sang-Hyun ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 6, 2014, Pages 219~227
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.6.219
The purpose of this research is to compare laws and regulations concerning the density control in collective housing planning in Korea and China and identify any difference between the two countries. The interpretation of such differences is expected to be utilized as basic material for revision and enactment of relevant laws and regulations in the two countries. The comparative analysis in this research has shown that the two countries have significant differences in their legal system on density control such as the ratio of building to land, ratio of floor area to site, distance between two buildings, separation distance from a property line, and setback from road width. The most distinctive difference is that the Chinese regulations consider the length and height of buildings whereas the Korean ones do not take them into account in general. The conclusion can be drawn on the basis of the regulation comparison and simulation design that the Chinese regulations are tougher than the Korean ones. That may lead to a reasonable doubt that Korean regulations excessively allow high density.
Change of Roads and Lots in Buyeo - Focused on the Effects of Baekje Sabi Capital Planning and Buyeo Land Readjustment Project -
Baek, Sun-Young ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 6, 2014, Pages 229~238
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.6.229
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of the urban planning that has been developed in Buyeo since prehistoric times and its realization focusing on Baekje Sabi Capital Planning and Buyeo Land Readjustment Project. The results of this study were as follows; First, Buyeo is the important ancient city that was systematically planned and constructed on the basis of a definite principle in Baekje period. In addition, during the Japanese colonial period Land Readjustment Project specially took effect for building Shinto Shrine in Buyeo. Second, around the estimated area as Sabi palace, several roads have remained since being constructed in 1913. Besides, in Gua ri, Dongnam ri and Gugyo ri, the street network pattern of Buyeo Land Readjustment Project has rest since the Japanese colonial period. Third, depending on the timing of road-construction and lot-subdivision, the scale and characteristics of lots is different and they fall into three types. Fourth, the feature of architectures has relevance to the size and feature of lot.
Research on HVAC System Operating Schemes for Pressurization to Reduce Stack Effect Problems in Elevator Halls of High-rise Office Building
Kim, Jung-Jin ; Yu, Jung-Yeon ; Cho, Dong-Woo ; Park, Jun-Seok ; Song, Kyoo-Dong ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 6, 2014, Pages 239~246
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.6.239
This study aims to find effective operation schemes for HVAC systems for pressurization to reduce stack effect problems in elevator halls of high-rise office building. The suggested operation scheme was to pressurize the floors above neutral pressure level of high-rise elevator shaft by introducing outdoor air. First, Field measurement was conducted to evaluate this scheme in the 60-story office building located in seoul. The measurements were conducted to measure the pressure differences across the elevator doors, air velocities at the open elevator doors, and the noise levels in the elevator halls. The volumes of outdoor air were increased by changing the openness of the outdoor air control damper from 0% through 40% by the increment of 10% until the measured pressure difference across the elevator door of the high-rise elevator shaft on the first floor became lower than 100Pa. For the different damper operations, the outdoor air volumes per floor became 0 CMH(Base case), 1,302 CMH(Case 1), 2,603 CMH(Case 2), 3,904 CMH(Case 3), and 5,206 CMH(Case 4). From the field measurement, it was found that pressurizing the
floor with outdoor air of approximately 110,000 CMH under the winter design outdoor temperature condition in the Seoul area effectively solved the problems related to stack effect in elevator halls of this office building. At this time, costs due to the introduction of outdoor air was calculated 176,689 won per hour. For pressurized method introducing outdoor air, the exhaust air control method using fresh outdoor air for ventilation was proposed.
Selection of Priority Demolish Area of Asbestos Containing Building Using GIS - Focused on Daegu Metropolitan City -
Kim, Young-Chan ; Hong, Won-Hwa ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 6, 2014, Pages 247~254
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.6.247
Asbestos hazards have been studied by many people and the hazards become already known wide although it is not referred obstinately. In this country, the use of asbestos was banned completely according to revision of Industrial Safety and Health Law in February of 2009. Especially, more than 82% of imported asbestos is used as building materials, so asbestos containing material with the construction waste will be generated fatally when buildings are demolished. Slate among materials included asbestos is used wide along with economic development by the 1960s. Such slate becomes superannuated, so arsenic acid in asbestos can become a problem. Therefore, change is pushing ahead by the government. In safety control about asbestos enforced at April of 2012, it is obligated to investigate buildings included asbestos beforehand. Although a local autonomous entity has also been enacted an ordinance for proper process of asbestos cement slate, it has just been made slow progress due to problems such as difficulty in pre-investigation, absence of guideline relevant to demolition and dismantling and lack of budget. To solve these problems, in this research, using arcGIS, Priority dismantling area were selected from all asbestos cement slate building in dangerousness of metropolitan area which has wide exposure range because of concentration of population, especially focusing on Daegu metropolitan city.
A Study on Condensation Reduction by Installing Insulation in the Public Underground Space of Apartment Buildings
Lee, Mi-Yeon ; Kang, Seung-Ku ; Ko, Jeong-Lim ; Shin, Jee-Woong ; Kim, Mi-Yeon ; Kim, Hyung-Geun ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 6, 2014, Pages 255~262
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.6.255
Condensation in the public underground space of apartment buildings can cause the growth of bacteria and contaminate the internal environment. The purpose of this study is to quantitatively analyze the reduction effect of condensation by applying insulation for the prevention of condensation. In order to analyze the reduction effect of condensation in summer season the surface temperature was predicted by simulation program and verified by monitoring after test construction. In this way the simulated and measured surface temperature results within 5% error rate was almost similar and generation of condensation was calculated to analyze the reduction effect. As a result, the total generation of condensation of floor area by applying 60mm insulation decreased 94.2%, and wall area by applying 20mm insulation decreased 89.9%.
Energy Saving Potentials of Various Air-side Economizers in a Modular Center for Supply air Conditions and Geological Locations
Ham, Sang-Woo ; Kim, Min-Hwi ; Jeong, Jae-Weon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 6, 2014, Pages 263~270
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.6.263
The main purpose of this paper is to analyze energy saving potentials of various economizers in modular data center by thermal conditions and locations in response to explosive IT demand and data centers' energy consumption increase. To investigate holistic energy saving potentials, various server thermal characteristics, economizers, and locations are analyzed on a modular data center. As a results, economizers can save cooling coil load 75-100% according to their running conditions, and indirect air-side economizer showed better performance than direct air-side economizer. Even though there is more chiller energy saving with server inlet temperature increase, total energy saving decreased more sharply due to fan energy increase. Furthermore, there should be more energy saving potentials in high latitude climates regardless of type of economizers.
A Study on the Capacity of Emergency Power System for Principal Buildings - focused on Daegu in South-Korea -
Gim, Min-Joo ; Hong, Won-Hwa ; Nam, Kyung-Mok ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 30, issue 6, 2014, Pages 271~279
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2014.30.6.271
Currently the climate change and other environmental problems due to the global warming go beyond the simple dimension and change the paradigm of life. The problem is that the abnormal climate phenomena will most likely occur more frequently in the future. So it will happen the unexpected emergency many times. Highly integrated urban area will be devastated if energy supply is in the hamper. Ensure the proper ratio of the emergency power system are reviewed to provide a basis for the energy security and system foundation in emergencies. This study investigates the principal building which will be considered relatively important in case of power cut to cities and analyzes the current architectural and fire fighting laws in relation to emergency power system. This is intended to set the appropriate emergency power system capacity according to the principal building energy consumption pattern. We calculated the demand factor to analyze the power consumption and emergency power system capacity achieved from the investigation sites. We don't have any exclusive criteria for power facilities right now. However, we think it is necessary to set the appropriated criteria though we consider the office building total demand factor ranges from 32 to 60%.