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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Architectural Institute of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 31, Issue 12 - Dec 2015
Volume 31, Issue 11 - Nov 2015
Volume 31, Issue 10 - Oct 2015
Volume 31, Issue 9 - Sep 2015
Volume 31, Issue 8 - Aug 2015
Volume 31, Issue 7 - Jul 2015
Volume 31, Issue 6 - Jun 2015
Volume 31, Issue 5 - May 2015
Volume 31, Issue 4 - Apr 2015
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Architectural Programming Method of Community Service Center using Socio-Spatial Network Analysis
Shin, Doosik ; Jeon, Young Hoon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 31, issue 5, 2015, Pages 3~14
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2015.31.5.3
The purpose of this study is to derive the architectural programming method for the community service center using Socio-Spatial Network Analysis. This study focused on the reflection of users' opinions to the architectural program of public buildings. This study assumed that the architectural program is equal to the network consisting of people's desires for spaces. And it assumed that the architectural programming is a process to pro-graphein(beforehand-write) the spatial structure as a network of users' opinions. Thus we used the network analysis method on local residents' opinions for the space in the community service center. As a result, we identified the qualitative characteristics of spaces and spatial areas through the centrality analysis, the structural equivalence analysis, the Girvan-Newman algorithm analysis. Through the centrality analysis with edge betweenness centrality analysis, we were able to identify the properties of spaces and the positions of main communal space. Through the structural equivalence analysis and the Girvan-Newman algorithm analysis, we were able to derive the properties of spatial areas and spatial communities. In the end, we were able to grasp the architectural program as socio-spatial network of community service center.
Analysis of the Impact of Floor Area Ratio on Heating Energy Demand by Passive Housing Complex
Lee, Myoung-Ju ; Kim, Won-Seok ; Kim, Hyun-Ah ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 31, issue 5, 2015, Pages 15~24
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2015.31.5.15
This study compared and analyzed the difference in heating energy demand in relation to the raise of floor area ratio based on the case of passive housing complex based on the intention of examining whether relaxing floor area ratio as an incentive acknowledged when acquiring certification is a substantial system for realizing passive housing or zero energy housing complex and making related suggestions. The energy performance analysis on each building showed that the heating energy demand decreased, however, for buildings influenced by the increase of floors in the building before them, the energy demand increased as the solar heat gain decreased while the heat loss through conduction and ventilation and internal heating did not show difference. The combination analysis of 30 buildings showed that the total heating energy demand by the complex increased in proportion to the floor area ratio while the annual heating energy demand per unit area decreased. Since the difference in heating energy demand is directly related with the total energy consumption, it is necessary to consider the housing complex's energy performance in arranging and composing main buildings from the planning stage. Furthermore, it is necessary to make an additional suggestion for the energy efficiency rating based on the characteristics of the household as the heat loss and gain patterns appear variously according to such characteristics.
A Study on the Characteristics of Review Criteria to Relax the Number of Floors in Urban-Type Residential Housing in Seoul
Lee, Jae-In ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 31, issue 5, 2015, Pages 25~34
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2015.31.5.25
This study set out to propose directions for more improved criteria in autonomous districts with no deliberation criteria for the story control deregulation in urban-type residential housing and provide research data used to set management directions for medium-scale housing developments that would meet the introduction purports by comparing the autonomous districts that were operating a set of deliberation criteria for the story control deregulation in urban-type residential housing and analyzing their deliberation criteria for their orientations and content and characteristics of regulation and inducement. The analysis results were as follows: first, there were perceptions of a need to set the goals of deliberation; second, regulations were needed to induce the activation of medium-scale housing developments; third, it was needed to develop various story equity management indexes to meet the convenience and benefits of autonomous districts; and finally, there was a need for integrated operation standards to promote consistency in complex-type housing management.
The Characteristics on the Housing Plan of Yongho-dong Policy Migration Refugees Village Since the Early 1970's in Busan
Kim, Young Yun ; Kim, Jun ; Yoo, Jae-Woo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 31, issue 5, 2015, Pages 35~44
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2015.31.5.35
This research is concerning on changing residential space of enforced migrant residential housing area for migration refugees in the early 1970s, Busan. Research method is as follows. Dedicated on-site investigation for possible cooperation residents housing 25 households, conducted the actual survey residents wrote the actual figures. The results were as follows. First, after enlargement size is
, currently the average area per generation after enlargement was enlarged about 1.5 times the initial move appeared to
. Second, the public space is from 3K type 2~3L-K, 2~4L-DK, 2~3LDK to appeared in various aspects. The average floor area of the room is a private area of two generations(8/25 generation)
, total floor area of the room with three generations(17/25), and there was little variety in the same area as level as a flat
. Thirdly, in the concrete support filled(infilled) with a variety of structures is a space with a flat construction spatial and differentiation in various forms by small spatial units, which develop properties and derive a time series floor plan various in the representation a comprehensively analyzed.
A Design Methodology for Street-Oriented Block Housing with Optimization of Natural Daylight
Kim, Ho-Jeong ; Kim, Kwang-Hyun ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 31, issue 5, 2015, Pages 45~56
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2015.31.5.45
The typology of urban block housing is deeply related to the urban form and street system. Mid-rise high-density block housings are relatively new housing forms in Korea where housing developments are divided into the two most common categories; high-rise large-scale complex and individual parcel-based low-rise building. In the year of 2012, the new housing policy has been implemented to enhance the housing re-development based on the urban block. The objective of this research is to develop a design methodology of street-oriented block housing with the optimization of daylight satisfying Rights to daylight and high Floor Area Ratio(FAR). The various preliminary design alternatives are investigated on the typical urban blocks testifying the different block depths and azimuth angle. The application of minium required distance between the two parallel residential buildings at each azimuth angle and the elimination of self-shaded area are employed as the basic principles to determine the building height and plan configuration in Seoul Metropolitan City. The major findings are as follows; First, the street system is need to be widened at least 14m in order to enhance the street activity and to improve daylight conditions of block interiors and streets. Second, at azimuth angle
, minimum distances of south-north=1.8h and east-west=0.7h, are required to meet minium two hours of daylighting. Furthermore, the self-shaded area of west building facing east can be eliminated by opening up 14m on the south-wast corner of the building. Third, at azimuth angle
, in addition to the design principles described above, the minium distance south-north=1.8h is required to avoid the interference of daylight and shade. At last, the computational simulations show that the suggested design alternatives meet the standard of Rights to light and achieve the high FAR.
A Study on Establishment of the Minimum Standard of Residence for the Elderly - Focusing on the Single and Couple Household -
Kim, Tae-Il ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 31, issue 5, 2015, Pages 57~67
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2015.31.5.57
This study is to establish reference for the politically and socially appropriate standard of the minimum residential area for recently increasing elderly households with one or two persons in the nation through a domestic and foreign literature review. Its research methodology is composed of three stages. In the first stage, it suggests alternatives based on the literature review. In the second stage, the simulation of its floor plan is conducted to examine its feasibility based on the suggested standard of the minimum residential area. In the last stage, its appropriateness is examined through the comparison with domestic and foreign elderly residential scales. The three stages can be suggested in the study, and consequently, the standard area for an elderly household with one person of the Alternative Plan 2 is
; the standard minimum area for an elderly household with two people of the plan is
. These numbers and Alternative Plan 2 are to be appropriate under the situation of the nation considering the fact that there will be a strong demand for quality housing as the level of income increases as well as the consideration of the current situation of the middle-aged who will become the elderly in the future.
Analysis on the Influence of Building Coverage Ratio and Floor Area Ratio on Sunlight Environment and Outdoor Thermal Environment in Flat-type Apartment Houses
Jung, Suk-Jin ; Yoon, Seong-Hwan ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 31, issue 5, 2015, Pages 69~76
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2015.31.5.69
As development density increases due to an increase in demand for apartment houses according to economic growth, a trend toward high density high rise apartment occurs. Accordingly, a bad influence is exerted on residential environment. Besides, the actual condition is that microclimate in urban space is getting worse due to an increase in artificial structure coverage ratio and imprudent apartment house block planning. For the improvement of urban microclimate and comfortable residential environment, a design that considers sunlight environment and outdoor thermal environment is needed in planning an apartment complex. And quantitative review and relevant baseline data accumulation is required. We quantitatively evaluated and analyzed an effect produced on the sunlight environment and outdoor thermal environment according to the change of floor area ratio and building coverage ratio, a main factor of building density in apartment houses. Sunlight environment is more sensitively affected by the change of building coverage ratio than that of floor area ratio under the same conditions of distance between buildings. The percentage of apartments having insufficient solar access decreased by an average of 2.1% according to the increase of floor area ratio. On the other hand, in case the building coverage ratio increased, it increased by an average of 25.2%. With regard to outdoor thermal environment, as floor area ratio increases, average building surface temperature decreases by 1.6~2.0% and average MRT decreases by 3.2~4.5%. Besides, it is possible to find that a daily variation in HIP becomes larger according to the increase of floor area ratio than according to the change of building coverage ratio. It is thought that the reason is that sunlight environment and outdoor thermal comfort in summer is largely affected by sun shade in comparison, and in case of HIP, the effect of artificial structure coverage ratio such as roof slab area is more dominant. It is believed that building density needs to be planned in consideration of comfortable residential environment in planning an apartment complex. And it is thought that a plan to which an environment-friendly technique is applied should be made according to whether floor area ratio and building coverage ratio is applied.
A Basic Study on Property Structure Standardization based on BIM Information Framework
Lee, Se-Ip ; Han, Ji-Su ; Jo, Chan-Won ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 31, issue 5, 2015, Pages 77~85
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2015.31.5.77
One of the benefits according to BIM(Building Information Modeling) application is that a single BIM data could be performed in various construction stages to maximize work efficiency. However, currently BIM data is generated and used for only one task. Therefore, architects should make each different types of BIM data in a same project. These individually different types of BIM data becomes an obstacle for its sharing and communicating among projects or cooperators. Eventually, it causes misunderstanding that BIM increases workload and it is too complicate to apply, so that proliferation of BIM has been delayed to the whole construction industry. In order to overcome these situations, common guideline and BIM standard that every main agents could share and utilize are needed among each stages or each disciplines. Based on these criteria, BIM library contents which have common properties should be developed to share standard and data. For this, property system standardization has to be preceded. This study suggests data schema for standardized BIM library property system based on BIM information framework and the schema provides not only common data implementation environment but also maximization of BIM efficiency through utilization of this standardized property system.
A Study on the Effects of 'Defying Gravity' in Aesthetic Preference of Architectural Forms
Kim, Su-Bin ; Whang, Hee-Joon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 31, issue 5, 2015, Pages 87~96
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2015.31.5.87
Every matter on Earth live within the effects of Earth's gravity. Therefore overcoming the force of gravity means denying a primitive power that humans beings don't even notice and eventually, reaching a point where human beings feel sense of pleasure by doing so. gave side effects, such as lack of meaning and logic in the modern architecture. The recent architectural structures imply not only the emphasis of their structural beauty but also of their constructive complexity within their creative yet simple forms. By comprehending the structural aesthetics in modern architectural form, this thesis discusses the possibilities of finding the 'Defying Gravity Form' in the study of architecture. The issue of the 'Defying Gravity Form' were discussed in many different fields in past studies but it has been never managed in the field of architectural design. Therefore this thesis mainly focused on the empirical correlation between the 'Defying Gravity' phenomenon and human visual preference.
A Study on Geometric Analysis of Hagia Sophia
Cho, Hyunbeom ; Park, Jin-Ho ; Yu, Do Yeon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 31, issue 5, 2015, Pages 97~104
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2015.31.5.97
This paper deals with formal characteristics of Hagia Sophia in Istanbul, designed by Anthemius of Tralles and Isidorus of Miletus. Influenced by the Platonic Academy in Athens, the two architects were highly skilled in mathematics and geometry. Accordingly, it is believed that a strong geometrical tradition characterizes the layout of the church. In this article, the geometric design of Hagia Sophia in relation to geometric methods of the classical periods such as 'Root rectangle', 'Sacred Cut', and 'Vesica Piscis' is interpreted. It is well-known fact that these techniques were known and used to the ancient Greek. It concludes that such geometric methods have come to be regarded as fundamental for the design of Hagia Sophia.
A Study on the Architectural Characteristics and Plans of Urban Hanok outside Seodaemun Gate in Seoul - Focusing on the Gyonam-dong 91·91-3 -
Jeong, Chun-Hwan ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 31, issue 5, 2015, Pages 105~112
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2015.31.5.105
All urban tissue of the Gyonam-Dong district were dismantled by 'the Donuimun district 1 urban renewal project' in 2015. The spatial ranges of this urban renewal project include Gyonam-Dong, Gyobuk-Dong, Haengchon-Dong, Hongpa-Dong, Songweol-Dong, Pyeong-Dong, Sinmunro-2ga. There were about 215 units of urban Hanok at the Gyonam-Dong district besides Sinmunro. Those were mostly constructed from 1920s to 1960s. This study analyzed the architectural characteristics of urban Hanok at the Gyonam-Dong district through the unit of the Gyonam-Dong
. This unit represents characteristics of lots and architecture change since covering Mancho-Cheon in 1960s. This unit also contains characteristics that consist of residential space and commercial space.
Optimization of Education Community Unit for Urban Housing Renewal
Kimm, Woo-Young ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 31, issue 5, 2015, Pages 113~120
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2015.31.5.113
The School districts of Seoul has been designated as boundaries according to the number of students and schools in order to providing free public education service. As schools even in downtown areas are used to have vacant classrooms because of the decrease in students, they open to students from newly developed high density areas. In the situation, there are emerging risks especially for young children who should commute their schools on foot cross streets widen by new district plan. In a case of urban development, there should provide a certain portion of total floor area as community facility by urban codes but in general, the facility is too large to manage and operate within a site. Although rearranging public schools of K-12 in terms of urban housing renewal might be a risky approach that could take out local memories shared by society groups, it is quite a urgent issue to figure out inefficient operation of education resources such as vacant classrooms, remote commute, and poor education program originated from student decrease in local districts. This research consists of three main parts; the first, the typological development of community unit in proximity, the second, the analytical progress of community optimization for urban renewal, and the third, the five phases of education community relating to primitive coverage, social identity, interface circuits, feasible patterns, and spiritual enforcement.
Steven Holl's Approaches and Planning Characteristics Based on Urban Porosity in the Multi Complexes
Kim, Soomi ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 31, issue 5, 2015, Pages 121~128
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2015.31.5.121
In the recent complex projects of Steven Holl, it tends to appear that phenomenological approaches in Holl's architecture are extended to the urban scale and urban porosity has been represented. This could be led by long period's experiments about porosity and architectural application of Menger's Sponge theory. Along with this, multi complex projects in Steven Holl's architecture were successfully accomplished representing various characteristics of urban porosity. Therefore, this study aims to find out Steven Holl's approaches and planning characteristics based on urban porosity and with this, to review architectural and urban values. The results are as follows. Firstly, in the formal approaches, they showed that typological analysis referenced from the city with variously presenting urban porosity. Secondly, in the connecting way among the masses, connecting bridges with porosity were represented. Thirdly, phenomenological spaces were converged to the realm of urban environmental publicity connecting with the urban environmental issues.
A Study on the Evaluation of Indoor Environment and Passengers Comfort in the Subway Stations in Summer
Han, Ji-Eun ; Kwon, Soon-Bark ; Chun, Chung-Yoon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 31, issue 5, 2015, Pages 129~136
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2015.31.5.129
The purpose of this study is to evaluate passenger's comfort in subway stations in the summer. Six subway stations in Seoul were selected and a survey was carried out targeting subway passengers. The survey was carried out from
in August, 2014. The questionnaire of comfort consisted of five environmental factors; thermal, air, light, acoustic and overall comfort and each items consisted of a five-point scale on each comfort. Tablet PCs were used to make passengers check the questionnaires quickly. At the same time, temperature, humidity, air velocity, carbon dioxide(
), illumination, noise, and the concentration of particular matter(PM) in subway stations were measured. The respondents were 1739 people of various ages. As a result of the survey on the evaluation of each comfort, most respondents answered they felt 'neutral' or 'comfortable' for thermal, air and light environment. The respondents who answered 'discomfortable' were more than other responses relatively for acoustic environment. And there were gender differences significantly for the evaluation of air and acoustic environment. The evaluation from male was better than on female. As a result of the relative weights of the four factors contributing to the overall comfort, all factors contributed significantly and air environment was the highest contribution to the overall comfort and there were also gender differences of relative weights of the factors.
A Validation Study of Remote Energy Diagnosis Algorithm Performance through Actual Building Energy Data Analysis
Jeong, Seong-Hyeok ; Kim, Hwa-Young ; Lee, Ha-Ny ; Leigh, Seung-Bok ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 31, issue 5, 2015, Pages 137~145
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2015.31.5.137
Energy reduction and efficiency in existing buildings are an essential part of energy saving in building sector. Measurement of energy consumption by end-use and analysing data to find opportunities in improvement of energy performance are the key steps and the most important part of energy saving activities for buildings. This paper introduces and studies a recently-developed remote energy diagnosis program which has a new approach in building energy audit and analysis processes. The program consists of two algorithms - disaggregation and prediction. The first one is an algorithm for disaggregation of electricity consumption by end-use which divides the actual whole electricity consumption data of a building into three different end-use loads - heating & cooling load, lighting & other power supply load, and base load. Building characteristic factors in both heating and cooling periods are calculated for each building in this algorithm. The second algorithm provides the prediction of weather-corrected electricity consumption of a whole building. The output of the first algorithm and present outdoor temperature are combined for the prediction of present normal electricity consumption. This program does not require any difficult-to-get information or any hardwares for measurement. The analysis procedure is a lot quicker than the traditional on-site diagnosis approach. The validation of this remote energy diagnosis program is made based on comparison with actual building electricity consumption data. The result shows that the mean bias error(MBE) is -0.12% and coefficient of variation of the root mean square error(CV) is 5.7%, which are much better results than ASHRAE standards of acceptable calibration tolerances of
and 30% respectively.