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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Architectural Institute of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 31, Issue 12 - Dec 2015
Volume 31, Issue 11 - Nov 2015
Volume 31, Issue 10 - Oct 2015
Volume 31, Issue 9 - Sep 2015
Volume 31, Issue 8 - Aug 2015
Volume 31, Issue 7 - Jul 2015
Volume 31, Issue 6 - Jun 2015
Volume 31, Issue 5 - May 2015
Volume 31, Issue 4 - Apr 2015
Selecting the target year
A Study on the G-SEED Certification Evaluation Elements Analysis for the Application of Broadcasting Station Building
Kim, Bae-Young ; Park, Hyeon-Soo ; Yoon, Hea-Kyung ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 31, issue 9, 2015, Pages 3~10
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2015.31.9.3
This study scrutinizes the basic data on various eco-friendly factors through the cases of environment-friendly certified broadcasting station buildings. These data are expected to be helpful for the green building certification of broadcasting station buildings which are to be newly built. Three steps for the analysis were used. Firstly, they were examined the layout plans by the sun shadow and wind direction for an external environment control field, planting with environmentally purified water and land biotope, and ecological forestation by the water space plan. Secondly, they were tested the items for the building form plans with environmental loads, the building envelope plans by solar radiation analysis, louver and fittings plans, environment-friendly atrium plans, rooftop greening plans and bicycle racks and so on. Finally, it was evaluated the items of the plans to use new and renewable energy, water resources, the electrical and lighting systems such as geothermal heat, photovoltaic power generation, solar duct, rain water and wastewater reuse system, etc. The result shows that Korea's environment-friendly certification system evaluates these broadcasting station buildings the same as office facilities without basic understandings. Therefore the new items and scoring criteria are especially needed for air, thermal and sound environments for the large energy consumption buildings such as broadcasting station buildings.
A Basic Study on the Extensive Application of Divided Apartment Housing - Focusing on the Comparison of Demand Characteristics between Lessee and Lessor -
Han, Kyun ; Kwon, Soon Jung ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 31, issue 9, 2015, Pages 11~19
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2015.31.9.11
This paper shows a basic study for the revitalization of existing Apartment by introduction of partial rent system, through which the lessor can lease some part of his own housing unit. This kind of rent system will relieve the depreciation of the large apartment unit and the sharply increasing demand for small housing unit. According to previous studies, rented unit area in existing shared household ranges from
, and it is suitable for 1~2 person household. Partial rent system in apartment housing unit has been evaluated as positive(3.48, Likert 5 scale, n=243) through the questionnaire of lessors and tenants. Tenants opposing this system mainly preferred officetel and ones agreeing this system preferred apartment housing. Tenants put emphasis on the location of the housing, and wanted 2-room structure on a deposit money basis when they chose housing unit. 46.2% of leaseholders strongly wanted to apply partial rent system to their housing units, and 27.3% of them wanted to purchase this kind of housing designed originally as this type. They preferred monthly rent system because of financial reasons. and the average size of housing for lease has been calculated as
(1.5 room). By activating partial rent system considering leaseholders' and tenants' requirements, problems related to redundant housing stocks and shortage of small housing units can be mitigated.
A Parametric Analysis for Daylighting Driven Design Optimization of Office Buildings
Park, Jung-Dae ; Lee, Yun-Kyung ; Kim, Dong-Wook ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 31, issue 9, 2015, Pages 21~28
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2015.31.9.21
Integrated sustainable design of building envelopes with optimization into the design process requires the analysis of environmental performances. With the parametric & associative design technology for assessing daylight and promoting visually comfortable spaces, a great potential exists for optimizing the performance of contemporary building façades. We investigates daylight metrics in randomized patterns of office façades with different window-to-wall ratios (WWR) and sun shading louver designs, such as vertical and horizontal devices. Climate-Based Daylight Modeling (CBDM) is applied as the assessment strategy and DIVA plug-in for Rhinoceros/Grasshopper is used for validation to effectively calculate daylight metrics based on the Radiance/Daysim engine. Useful Daylight Illuminace (UDI) and Daylight Glare Probability (DGP) are adopted as the dynamic daylight metrics to compare the design alternatives. This paper presents a parametrically driven design support system and proposes the guide matrix for optimized daylighting design. The matrix of this study suggest façades alternatives of office building in terms of daylight for the climate conditions of Incheon, Korea to reduce glare and lead to energy-saving buildings.
The Trend of Space Syntax Studies and Research Problem Types
Park, In-Seok ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 31, issue 9, 2015, Pages 29~38
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2015.31.9.29
Space syntax study in Korea has nearly 30-year history and shows quantitative growth of up to 20-30 pieces yearly on a number of published papers. The purpose of this study is to wrap the space syntax study trends in the 331 published papers in which space syntax was used as a research topic or research unit. The results are as follows; (1) While the target space types are very diverse, urban structure(13.2%) is the most often space type followed by museum(11.8%), urban areas(10.6%), apartments complex(6.3%) and apartment units(5.1%). (2) On the research problem, the studies 'clarifying attributes of space'(37.8%) and 'interpreting changes in spatial attributes'(19.4%) are most often meanwhile ones 'predicting human behavior'(23%) and 'predicting spatial phenomena'(7.9%) are steadily continued. (3) On the research mode, compared to the 'validation studies'(16.7%) to verify the space attributes-explaining power of space syntax indicators, the 'utilization studies'(62.2%) shows overwhelmingly high percentage, which presuppose the space attributes-explaining power of space syntax indicators. (4) On the analysis method, the type of interpreting spatial attributes only by space syntax indicator value ('quantitative' type, 21.5%) and the type of analysing the correlation with other quantitative variables ('quantitative-quantitative' type, 22.3%) have been increasing since 2000.
A Study on Kim Swoo-Geun's SPACE Group Building through the Phenomenological Body-Space of Merleau-Ponty
Hyung, Hyung-Chir ; Joh, Hahn ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 31, issue 9, 2015, Pages 39~49
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2015.31.9.39
According to Merleau-ponty, our body is defined as being-in-the-world. As our body is actively engaged with its surrounding environment, the body creates its own body-schema with daily habitual experiences. This body-schema synthesizes corporal senses and embodied consciousness, and creates own body-space suited to survive in a changing environment. This study intends to explore Kim Swoo-Geun's architecture with the body-space of Merleau-Pony. Through his early life in a maze-like neighborhood, study under such prominent Japanese modern architect as Kenzo Tange and Junzo Yoshimura, and the architectural journey with Korean art historian Choi Sun-Woo, Kim Swoo-geun's unique body-schema has been nurtured and the SPACE Headquarter is the embodiment of his body-schema. A traditional study space, a cozy open theater, a maze-like internal circulation, multi-sensory materials, and the sense of poetic depth, all tribute to the Kim Swoo-Geun's body-schema, which culminates in his concept of 'Ultimate Space' and 'Negativisim' as well.
A Study on the Construction Working of Japanese Building Contractors in Seoul(漢城) during 1882-1910
Seo, Dong-chun ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 31, issue 9, 2015, Pages 51~58
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2015.31.9.51
During 1882-1910, in Korea there were many engineers who came from various nations, among whom Japanese engineers displayed the most considerable activity. In this study, by focusing on the activity of Japanese engineers in Seoul, how architectural activities were developed in the opening port era is examined. After 1882, as the number of Japanese resident in Seoul had been increased, the number of architectural engineer had also been multiplied. Above all, the number had been rapidly changed by the Sino-Japanese War in 1894 and Russo-Japanese War in 1904. Especially after the Russo-Japanese War in 1904, in Seoul Japanese influence were overwhelmingly expanded and Japanese engineers took the lead in architectural activity. From 1904 to 1910, The monopolization of architectural activity in Seoul by Japanese builders who resided in Seoul had been intentionally achieved with the public and private sectors. And it is clear that the monopolization process worked within advantageous situation to Japanese engineers in all construction related fields such as building material, labor and transportation, as well as subcontract system. Finally, the political power of Japan reflected in the architectural field of Korea. Furthermore, it can be estimated that architectural industry in Seoul was paralleled to Japanese one also dominated by Japanese engineers.
A Comparative Study on Robert Smithson's Earth Art and Architecture of Rem Koolhaas and MVRDV based on the Economic Model of Freud
Lee, Jae-In ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 31, issue 9, 2015, Pages 59~68
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2015.31.9.59
This study set out to compare and analyze the earth art works of Robert Smithson and the works of Rem Koolhaas and MVRDV based on the economic model of Freud, thus confirming common and different features between the methodologies applied by the psychoanalysis theories in the two field and proposing a set of new criteria for fusion researches in contemporary architecture and art. The findings were as follows: first, both the spiral development process of spiral jetties and the inclined slabs of Koolhaas seem to represent a process of Thanatos development in terms of concept development. Second, the investigator compared the entropy theory with Koolhaas and MVRDV architecture theories and found that the economic model theory, which maintains that the combination of unconscious Signifiant and conscious
should have a multiple structure through Eros and Thanatos, became a basis. Third, the broken circles and spiral hills got to have metaphysical symbolicity as objets that supplemented the spiral jetties and specified the two instincts of the economic model, escaping from the grid system based on the XY axis to represent Signifiant and expanding to the Z axis to represent
. Fourth, the Seattle Central Library seemed different from the expansion of the grid system in the broken circles and spiral hills, but there were conceptual similarities between them as the ramps and stairs were assumed as metaphysical and physical science paths of action and represented the fusion and confrontation of two binary opposites, Eros and Thanatos. Finally, the earth art works made the economic model of Freud concrete as a direct objet, whereas Koolhaas and MVRDV proposed a new direction for the psychoanalysis theories to make a contribution to the architecture theories through various architecture methodologies.
Healing Energy Inherent in Soshaewon
Jang, Sun-Joo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 31, issue 9, 2015, Pages 69~76
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2015.31.9.69
This study sought to examine Soshaewon as an assumed healing space for Yang, San-Bo who experienced negative emotions as he underwent the political strife of Gimyosahwa. It examined healing energy inherent in Soshaewon which were accumulated through long-term experience, intuitions and customs. And, this study was based on the analysis of the drawings, Soshaewon48poems, and neurologists's research on the effects of buildings and spaces on humans' brain and minds. It was first found that these three sections-Soshaejeong, Kwangpoonggak, and Jewoldang-simultaneously formed diverse visual structures and ample scenic elements. Second, the valley stream circulatory walking(movement) and resting (halt), allowing the walker to emphasize deeply with Nature. Third, there was an interaction between buildings, including Soshaejeong and Aeyangdan (sunshine), Kwangpoonggak and valley stream (sound), and Jewoldang and Maedae (fragrance), and Nature. All these gave Soshaewon a space for creating diverse ample sensation, allowing it to serve as an emotion healing place.
A Study on the Formative Period and Form of the Double Corridor in Ancient East Asian Buddhist Temples
Hyun, Seung-Wook ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 31, issue 9, 2015, Pages 77~84
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2015.31.9.77
The corridor of ancient buddhist temples is important component part to surround main structures such as a Buddhist Hall, a Pagoda, and so forth to divide the inner space of temple. Regarding the form of the corridor, the single corridor (one bay wide) was most common, but the double corridor (two bays wide) was sometimes found from some large scaled temples. In this study, the double corridor of buddhist temples which the results of the study were insufficient up to now was researched. The formative period and form of the double corridor in ancient buddhist temples were investigated by focusing on the materials of excavation and painting for Korean, Chinese, and Japanese buddhist temples. The conclusion of the study was as follows: First, the formative period of the double corridor in ancient buddhist temples in East Asia was verified as approximately between the mid seventh century and the mid eighth century. Second, the double corridor was closely related with the enlargement of buddhist temples and the multi courtyard composition for them. Finally, the double corridor was classified as three forms depending on the position of wall, and the form that the wall is built at the center line of column was the most usual one among the three forms.
A Comparative Study on the Characteristics of Network-based Prediction tools for Pedestrian Flow - Focused on the viewpoint of Static or Dynamic Analysis -
Park, Se-Joon ; Yoon, Cheol-Jae ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 31, issue 9, 2015, Pages 85~92
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2015.31.9.85
Despite the difficulty of predicting complex pedestrian flow, recently there have been considerable researches about the quantitative prediction model based on network structure. However, each models have its own focus on one specific feature in network structure, it is hard to find out the difference among those models, especially in terms of the prediction results' closeness to the real pedestrian volume. Therefore, in this study, a comparison study was conducted among the 4 pedestrian prediction models that have been widely researched in our country. In detail, the simulation results of each model have been compared with the real counted pedestrian volume of the selected target area. The result of this study is that the each pedestrian prediction model - mainly divided into static and dynamic, shows lots of differences which might come from the each models' specific focus of the network structure. The dynamic analytical model shows much closer results to the real pedestrian volume, however it needs more time for the pre-survey for the simulation. On the contrary, the static model is simple. Consequently, there should be careful consideration in selecting pedestrian prediction model suits the purpose of the pedestrian prediction experiment.
An Analysis of Determinants of Renewal Association Agreement of Property Owner in Urban Renewal Project - Focused on the case of Yeongdeungpo Newtown A district -
Na, In-Su ; Kim, Seung-Nam ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 31, issue 9, 2015, Pages 93~100
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2015.31.9.93
Urban renewal project was designated as public works and urban planning project but most projects have been implemented by private sectors due to the lack of public capacity. For the renewal association establishment there must be agreement of property owners. This study is focused on the finding the determinants of property owners' agreement. The two categories of variables were found which were land and building characteristics. Through the analysis there were four variables are significant such as land scale, land price, owning status of building and unauthorized building. Agreement possibility was directly proportional to land scale but inversely proportional to land price. For the building characteristic variables Agreement possibility was directly proportional to owning a building but inversely proportional to owning a unauthorized building.
Development of Pedestrian Flow Prediction Tool for Urban Development Project
Jang, Rebecca ; Yoon, Cheol-Jae ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 31, issue 9, 2015, Pages 101~108
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2015.31.9.101
In these days, it becomes very important that walking is not only a way of moving, but also works as a role vitalizing an urban structure and a regional economy. Pedestrians respond diversely and irregularly according to their purposes of walk and one's gender and age. For this reason, pedestrian flow prediction carries an important meaning. Several attempts lately have been made to predict pedestrian movement, however, most of them are confined to geometrical structure of a space. In addition, as agent modeling system is used, it becomes possible to reflect varying patterns of actual pedestrians, but it still stays in an experimental phase. Thus, this research attempts to develop an agent modeling system reflecting fluid patterns of pedestrians and applicable to an actual urban-development project. Through this attempt, it is expected to enable to plan appropriate pedestrian environment in urban development project. Furthermore, it can be used to improve a pedestrian environment of an existing urban structure.
A Study on the Phasic Characteristics of District-Based Project Organization in Urban Regeneration Project - Focused on Urban Regeneration Trust Center in Changwon Testbed -
Sim, Hyun-Nam ; Na, In-Su ; Kim, Sei-Yong ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 31, issue 9, 2015, Pages 109~118
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2015.31.9.109
The purpose of this study is to explore characteristics of district-based project organization in urban regeneration project in Changwon, Korea at aspects of decision-making, finance management and maintenance. The study can be divided into three parts, where the first part clarifies the definition and conceptualization of the significance and role of district-based project organization in urban regeneration, the second part classifies the qualities of district-based project organization into three aspects of decision-making, finance management, and maintenance, and lastly the third part underscores the pros and cons of district-based project organization at the planning, operating and maintaining phase of a project. The essential findings are as follows; First, decision-making aspect shows communication gap between public, private and residents as it went on because of lack of budget for trust center and site lab. Second, finance management aspect also shows budget problem by inactive craft village and failure to local project contests at the maintaining phase. third, maintenance aspect present positive effect at the planning phase but it worsens from the last phase by conflict over craft village rent and management.
Comparative Analysis of Window Thermal Performance Calculation Method between Window Certification Systems
Koo, So Young ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 31, issue 9, 2015, Pages 119~127
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2015.31.9.119
The purpose of this study was to analyze the differences of window thermal performance calculation method between window certification systems. The U-value and g-value calculation method in ISO 15099 was reviewed and analyzed. The window certification systems in different countries were compared. The results show that there are differences in the standard window size, calculation algorithm, rating indicators, boundary conditions and rating scale. A simulation was performed to evaluate the thermal performance of windows using different calculation methods.
Development and Performance Evaluation of Exterior Insulation Precast Concrete Wall for Commercialization
Lee, Sang-Heon ; Choi, Ji-Hye ; Baik, Young-Soo ; Baik, Ho ; Jeong, Moon-Young ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 31, issue 9, 2015, Pages 129~136
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2015.31.9.129
The purpose of this study is to develop high performance of exterior insulation precast concrete wall and evaluate performance of the wall for the basic, production, construction and energy. The result of this study as follows : 1) High performance exterior insulation precast concrete wall was developed that the insulation performance is 40% higher and the weight is 50% less than existed RC-Wall. 2) The basic performance of PC-Wall was allowable in ASTM and AAMA standards. 3) The production performance was secured as manufacturing production system and mass production would be able. The construction was taken about 40 minutes for each PC-Wall. 4) In comparison with interior insulation system, linear thermal transmittance and annual heating energy demand of exterior PC-Wall apartment were decreased 18.4~82.5% and 17.6% respectively.
A Study on the Relationship between the Indoor and Outdoor Particulate Matter Concentration by Infiltration in the Winter
Back, Ji-Min ; Yee, Su-Whan ; Lee, Byung-Hee ; Kang, Dong-Hwa ; Yeo, Myoung-Souk ; Kim, Kwang-Woo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 31, issue 9, 2015, Pages 137~144
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2015.31.9.137
Penetration of outdoor particulate matter(PM) is caused by the air flow from outside through infiltration, natural ventilation and mechanical ventilation. Therefore, recent deterioration of air pollution can increase the possibility of penetration of outdoor PM indoors. In this study, indoor and outdoor size-resolved particle concentrations and the ratio under infiltration condition are analyzed to investigate the impact of particle size on the penetration and formation of indoor PM concentration. The particle number concentrations for PM0.3, 0.5, 1, 3, 5,
were measured using optical particle counter(OPC) and ratio of indoor-to-outdoor(I/O) particle concentrations were calculated. Results suggested that outdoor PM could penetrate through outdoor airflow by infiltration and contribute to increase indoor PM concentrations. Calculated I/O ratio depended strongly on particle size. I/O ratio of small size particles (<
) were around 1, and as the particle size increases, the I/O ratio tend to be decreased.
Proposal for Wind Resistance Performance Measurement Method for Exterior Movable Shading Devices: Field Test Method
Lee, Dong-Seok ; Koo, Sung-Han ; Jo, Jae-Hun ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 31, issue 9, 2015, Pages 145~152
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2015.31.9.145
Exterior shading devices can easily be affected from the surrounding environment such as snow, rain, wind, and outside temperature. Therefore, it has to be tested and reviewed whether the exterior shading devices are safe from the surrounding environment. Especially, wind resistance performance of the exterior shading devices is important because the deterioration or falling parts of the devices can be dangerous for the person. There are several test methods for wind resistance performance of the exterior shading devices, however they are limited to the lab test. The purpose of this study is to develop the field test method for wind resistance performance of the exterior movable shading devices such as a exterior venetian blind, roll blind, shutter, and awning. As a first step, various purposes of international standards for the shading devices were reviewed in order to derive compulsory test items which should be conducted in the field related to the construction quality including safety. And, it was found that wind resistance, operation in frosty condition, and snow resistance are crucial items for the field test items. In order to develop field test method for wind resistance performance, the major field issues such as setting apparatus and finding proper test wind speed were discussed with the current lab test methods. Finally, field test set about the wind speed measuring point and the location of the apparatus were proposed, and also three of test wind speed for safety, operation, and control were proposed.