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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design
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Journal DOI :
Architectural Institute of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 8 - Aug 2016
Volume 32, Issue 7 - Jul 2016
Volume 32, Issue 6 - Jun 2016
Volume 32, Issue 5 - May 2016
Volume 32, Issue 4 - Apr 2016
Volume 32, Issue 3 - Mar 2016
Volume 32, Issue 2 - Feb 2016
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Jan 2016
Selecting the target year
Development of IT BSC-based Assessment System to Measure BIM Performance for Architectural Design Firms
Shin, Ji-Hye ; Choi, Jung-Sik ; Kim, In-Han ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 1, 2016, Pages 3~12
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.1.3
Despite the efforts of Korean government to vitalize BIM in AEC industry, the domestic adoption of BIM is still in its initial step. Particular in design field, where small and medium firms are the majority, shows lower level of BIM adoption. The primary reason for this could be considered as lack of the necessity of BIM caused by uncertain benefit of BIM and high technology entry barrier. Therefore, it is time to develop clear, quantifiable and qualitative measurement system for BIM performance to vitalize BIM utilization in design field. The purpose of this study is to suggest the BIM Performance Measurement System (PMS) for architectural design firms. This could improve the adoption of BIM in design field through offering the objective evidence of BIM benefit. To achieve this, authors have developed BIM Balanced Score Chart (BSC) which consist of Critical Sucess Factors (CSF) and Key Performance Indicators (KPI), and have validated its appropriateness by questionnaire survey, statistical analysis and case application. This development could contribute to voluntary utilization of BIM by visualizing detailed benefit of BIM. It also could improve the competitiveness of design firm by facilitating management of design process and estimating future outcome.
An Analysis of the Space Using Behavior with Space Organization in Urban Entertainment Center
An, Eun-Hee ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 1, 2016, Pages 13~22
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.1.13
The purpose of this study was to analyze the characteristics of space organization to activate Urban Entertainment Centers. The object is restricted to four representative Urban Entertainment Centers in Seoul. They are divided into horizontal and hybrid type in accordance with the tenants arrangement. The study was progressed through the case analysis by the records and the field survey. The result is as follows; 1)The recently constructed/reset facilities have a tendency to the increasing proportion of retailing compared to early. 2) The composition of anchor tenant has a tendency to diversify compared to early. 3) In the early days, visitors' flow has a tendency to be concentrated in some space, but now, visitors' flow has a tendency to distributed to all space. 4) Central open space in the recently constructed/reset facilities has a tendency to support various activities and has characteristics of semi-exterior space. 5) Space designed for sociopetal space help to draw power into UEC through attribute of gathering persons.
A Study on the Planning of Townhouses built and planned after 2014 in Jeju
Yoon, Choon-sup ; Yoo, Hae-yeon ; Park, Yeon-jeong ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 1, 2016, Pages 23~31
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.1.23
This study aims to explore a room for improvement for future townhouse development in Jeju, especially in terms of architectural planning and design. For this purpose, 14 Jeju townhouse cases built before or proposed after 2014 were scrutinized to find out current problems commonly disclosed. The notable shortcomings were summarized as follows: the lack of 'guesthouse' concept, poor guidelines for community space planning, inadequate establishment of communal estate management system and finally the lack of versatile plan to accommodate various types of resident groups. At the end, it is suggested to establish 1) institutional criteria for promoting the desirable townhouse development in Jeju and 2) short-term rotating tenancy system enabling residents to move easily to another tenancy of their favorite area. Concurrently, the use of local resources is recommended in order to incorporate low-energy consuming design concept for future sustainability.
A Study on the Application of Distance & Angular Weighting to ERAM Model
Piao, Gensong ; Kim, Minseok ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 1, 2016, Pages 33~40
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.1.33
This study aimed to propose the method and process of applying more than two weighting concepts to ERAM model integratedly. First, the existing methods of applying a weighting concept to ERAM model was examined, and the necessity of applying multiply weighting to ERAM model was considered. Second, as the method of applying more than two weighting concepts to ERAM model integratedly, what is called multi-weighted ERAM model, this study proposed the method of setting each entry of an weighted adjacency matrix as a multiplication result of different weighting values pertaining to the position of the entry, that is,
. This method has the advantage that relative ratio of each weighting concept can be reflected in an integrated weighting value. Third, this study also proposed multi-weighted ERAM model of applying both distance and angle. Fourth, this study verified the distance & angular multi-weighted ERAM model. For the verification, Myeong-dong, Insa-dong and Seoul City Hall area were selected as analysis targets, and non-weighted(original) ERAM model, angular weighted ERAM model, distance weighted ERAM model, and distance & angular multi-weighted ERAM model were applied to analyses of each target area, and finally the correlation tests between the analysis result of each model and the pedestrian movement density data on each target area. As a result, the explanation ability of distance & angular multi-weighted ERAM model on the pedestrian movement density proved to be better than those of the order models.
A Study Improving a Nurse's Walking Path and Staff Visibility in General Hospital Wards
Shin, Donghee ; Kang, Miseon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 1, 2016, Pages 41~50
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.1.41
The purpose of this study is to suggest ways to improve a staff's working environment, mainly focusing on shortening the walking distance of nurses and enhancing staff visibility to patients from the nurse station (NS). Article reviews were performed on nurses' walking distance and staff visibility. Seven general hospital wards with different characteristics in layouts have been chosen and analyzed, four wards for nurses' walking paths and six wards for staff visibility. Interviews with nurses and drawing reviews were performed to figure out their care delivery method and the relevance it has to the layouts. Furthermore, the quantitative data collected by drawing reviews were compared among wards. The result of this study is as follows. Nurses walked longer distances where nurses' designated rooms were not pertinent to the ward's layout. The standard deviation of nurses' walking distance in a ward differed by the location of the NS and the arrangement of patient room types. Staff visibility was better in the ward that had a double corridor type, centrally located NS and shared rooms near the NS. To sum up, the nursing path and staff visibility from the NS were affected by a combination of the ward's plan, rooms' layouts, corridor type, nurse station type and the operating systems of wards. This study focuses on improving staff and nurses' working environment, which are easily neglected due to patients being the first priority in hospital design. Thus, this work highlights the importance of understanding an operating system, objectives and the priority of wards in planning it. It will help designers and planners to provide better environments for employees.
A Study on the Application of the Complex Systems Theory to Understand Urban Phenomena - Focusing on Citizen's Awareness Change through Information Transmission -
Song, Yu-Mi ; Kim, Sung-Ah ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 1, 2016, Pages 51~58
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.1.51
City is suitable space to observe the complexity. Each urban elements which generate urban phenomenon has a specific relationship, they complicate the urban phenomenon by affecting to other elements or relationships. Complex system theory is one of methodology that used to determine the complex relationship between the elements. In this paper, as a first step to understand the complex system of the city, a simulation model that presents the transmission of information has been made. So the influence of information transmitted through the urban media and online networks is checked. Agent based model that allows control of the local level can track the changes in people's behavior. Therefore, utilizing the simulation model to prove that the information are able to influence the changes in people's behavior will contribute to the studies about the effective information transmission method. Through the simulation, it is possible to show that the urban media is changed the people's information awareness gradually. Also, when building a model to consider together the information sharing through social network, it is confirmed that people's information awareness is increasing more rapidly through simulation.
Constructing Social Sustainability through Development of Public Underground Space - With focused on the 'Elements de rythmanalyse' of Henri Lefebvre -
Lee, Gahng-Ju ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 1, 2016, Pages 59~68
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.1.59
This research is an alternative attempt about commercialization all the places in cities. The proposal indicated by deducting not only theoretical approach but also design production, and the research is progressed with three steps to accomplish those. First step is theoretical study that becomes conceptual foundation of design. This paper refers to '
de rythmanalyse' by Henri Lefebvre. Early he awakened the harsh reality to naive architects and urban planners by 'La production de l'espace(1974)', additionally he raised presentation of problems about our field in his posthumous work 'Elements de rythmanalyse'. He was an extraordinary philosopher who deeply thought about relationship between people and space. Second step is extractions of the planning tools that actually can be apply to the design process. This step is for preparing elements to transform theoretical and abstract concepts into practical structure of architecture and people's activity. For this, we contemplated Lefebvre's practical analyses and then set up detailed methods categorizing two parts; activity program and physical tools. Final step is implementation of the design for public underground space. In order to arrange this step, primarily we obtained required basic data through site survey and reviewing materials that related with plans. Also, we suggested the public underground space which composed with 'Central Boulevard & Meeting Street', 'History Plaza & Archive', 'People's Round & Art Hall', 'Communion Hall', and 'Great Vacant' by applying detailed methods that constructed from previous steps.
Steel Member Standardization for Enhancement of Modular Unit Manufacturing Productivity - Focusing on Steel Structure Frame Production in Ham-Yang and Yeo-su Military Facilities BTL Projects -
Jang, Hwal-Je ; Yoon, Seok-Woon ; Lee, Jeong-Hoon ; Lee, Hyun-Soo ; Park, Moon-Seo ; Hyun, Ho-Sang ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 1, 2016, Pages 69~77
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.1.69
The purpose of this study is to propose of standardized modular steel structure unit for productivity enhancement of productivity in modular factory. For the verification, comparison review in various points of view between existing modular steel structure unit and standardized modular steel structure unit based on recently completion of modular system buildings. This research is suggestion of enhancement of standardized steel structure's members for better production workability. The research is based on (1) steel structure process which is most high rate (approximately 30%) of modular unit manufacturing process and (2) prototype unit size of
among the most used in recently project. For the verification, comparison analysis between existing steel structure unit and standardized steel structure unit's manufacturing process. The research result, one modular unit of standardized steel structure manufacturing process is reducting (1) 250,042won production cost, (2) 3 hours and 49 minute of production time. Also, (3) increase the factory area availability of
Interworking between Physical and Digital Models for Performance-Oriented Design of Kinetic Building Components
Jang, Do-Jin ; Kim, Sung-Ah ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 1, 2016, Pages 79~86
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.1.79
Kinetic building components, which respond to the changing environmental conditions or user demands, need different design process from traditional static building components. For performance-oriented design of kinetic building components with dynamic movements, interwoking between the physical model and the digital model via physical computing is advantageous. Even though the digital model can control the actuators of physical model in real-time, the two models cannot correspond with each other, due to physical conditions including material properties and the surrounding environment. For accurate evaluation performance, the shape and motion of physical model needs to be reflected in the digital model. This study aimed to devise a motion-capture-based system of interworking between physical and digital models. The motion-capture data of the physical model can be used for verification of the deviation between it and digital model and, based on its shape, for optimization of Kinetic building components operation.
The Spatial Structure and Use of An-bang in Architect Designed Houses of the 1970s in Korea
Woo, Don-Son ; Kim, Jiwon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 1, 2016, Pages 87~95
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.1.87
The An-bang in Architect Designed Houses of the 1970s is the condensed space of the transitional Korean housing culture. The An-bang in Architect Designed Houses of the 1970s can be divided into assembled and detached types. The assembled type included two types, type 1 and type 2. One is the An-bang type and the other is Master Bedroom type. The An-bang and Mater Bedroom were followed the notations in drawings. In the detached type, the An-bang and Master Bedroom are located in different places serving different purposes. It can be divided into the type 3 and type 4. In type 3, the An-bang creates a more private space for the husband and wife, and produces a close relationship with Master Bedroom. The An-bang in type 4, is a space for the husband and wife, but is open to other family members. In this study, the An-bang in Architect Designed Houses of the 1970s is analyzed in detail with the space syntax method.
A Study on the Architectural Thought of Rem Koolhaas in 'Delirious New York' - An Approach from the Nietzschean Perspectives of 'On Genealogy of Morals' -
Kim, In-Sung ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 1, 2016, Pages 97~106
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.1.97
This study tris to connect 'The Genealogy of Morality' by Nietzsche with Koolhaas's arguments in his book, 'Delirious New York'. It is to apply Nietzschean terms, ideas, and the way of genealogic approach into the architectural origin of Koolhaas, which only can be examined through his complicated and surreal writings. The body of this paper has distinguished but interrelated two parts. The first part deals with Koolhaas's critics on the modern masters and contemporary architecture by reconstructing his arguments in the structural frame of 'The genealogy of Morality'. The paper argues that the modern masters are 'the architects of ressentiment', that passive architectural professionals are 'the businessmen of guilt', and that contemporary architects are 'the ascetic idealist'. The second part examines Koolhaas's Manhattanism in the perspective of Nietzschean trinity, which are named as 'Architectural Symptomology', 'Quantitative Typology', and 'Architectural Genealogy'. The study conclude that Koolhaas is a 'Heroic optimist', who ultimately affirms our life itself, explores the forces below its symptoms, and creates the unforeseen future by reconstructing the relations of the forces.
A Basic Study on the District Unit of Gaegyeong in Latter Goryeo Period
Woo, Seong-Hoon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 1, 2016, Pages 107~116
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.1.107
This paper is basic analyzes on the aspects of urban development of Gagyeong, the capital of Goryeo dynasty, through the analysis of Dong (洞) which is a functional area in the late 13th century. Gagyeong in Goryeo dynasty was composed with 5 Bu(部), 35 Bang(坊) and 344 Li(里). This division was based on the geographical conditions such as topography or rivers around. In the meantime, a residential district unit called Dong had existed. Dong, the smaller unit than Li, was not an administrative district, but the least residential area that could be seized through the historical records. In the 13th century, the name of Dong, which explained the specific function, had appeared. Yeomjeom-Dong(鹽店洞) is one of the examples that thousand of houses were bunt. Yeomjeom-Dong was highly integrated urban space, resulted in by the development of commerce in latter Goryeo dynasty and functionally differentiated regarding to its commercial faculty, merchandising and circulation of salt.
A Study on the Conflicts among the Participants of the 'Maul-mandulgi' with the Application Grounded Theory
Lee, Minwoo ; Lee, Myungsik ; Jung, Sungwon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 1, 2016, Pages 117~128
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.1.117
The Maeul-mandeulgi appeared to regenerate urban infrastructure and communities which have been destructed in the rapid industrialization of urban area since the 1960s. Unlike existing urban rehabilitation projects which had been led by government, the Maeul-mandeulgi is based on the participation of the inhabitants, and its ultimate purpose is local community recovery, improvement of its' life quality and living conditions etc. Yet in the process of promoting Maeul-mandeulgi as lack of conscious participation of the inhabitants and unilateral administration of government officials cause conflicts among the participants. These conflicts make Maeul-mandeulgi projects difficult to be sustainable and stable. In this study, we selected three towns where their Maeul-mandeulgi projects have been completed, and understood the general characteristics of the conflicts in the first place. By using three-step coding process(open coding, axial coding, select coding) of the 'Grounded Theory' which is one of the qualitative research methodologies, this study classified, compared and reached basic conclusions on the characteristics of the conflicts.
A Study of Energy Consumption Unit of Apartment Building in Ulsan Metropolitan City
Lee, Young-A ; Kim, E-Doo ; Yoo, Ho-Chun ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 1, 2016, Pages 129~136
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.1.129
Energy consumption unit of apartment buildings is a very important criteria in planning heating-cooling systems and designing building exterior surfaces. In this study, by analyzing the detailed gas and electric power consumption data of 140,000 households by the field survey and from the quantity records of them used in Ulsan Metropolitan, we are to gain credibility of energy consumption unit by comparing the calculated values and actual consumption values. This paper shows that 1)the average fuel energy consumption unit of apartment buildings amounts to
, 2)the average(electric) power consumption unit to
, and thus, 3)the total energy consumption unit equals to
. At this time, range of floor area is important, in this study, was applied to the private area. In conclusion, The total energy consumption unit of apartment buildings in Ulsan is
. These basic consumption units of apartment buildings provide valuable guidelines to reduce energy consumption and to establish energy management policy in Ulsan, because the ratio of apartment buildings to residential buildings is very high. Next, it will also be studied for non-residential buildings.
A Study on the Efficient Housing Insulation Design Plan Considering the Climatic Characteristics of the Military Stations Region
Meang, Joon Ho ; Kim, Sung Joong ; Park, Young Jun ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 1, 2016, Pages 137~144
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.1.137
Recently, some complaints, associated with excessive heating loads as well as occurrence of dew condensation and molds in military residential installments, have been filed by military families because of insufficient housing insulation. The territory of South Korea is classified with Central, Southern, and Jeju zone in accordance with the Korean Energy Saving Design Standards. Most military units are in the frigid cold areas such as Chelwon, Hwachen and etc. unlike Seoul, Yongin and etc. in which the intense of cold is relatively mild. However, these cities are identically appertained to the Cental zone and should follow monolithic insulation standards. This study aims to provide the realistic insulation guidelines which could be applied to the military residential facilities, in particular for the frigid areas. For doing this, the Central zone is sub-divided into some detail regions with cluster analysis based on the heating degree day, which is derived with using 10 years climate data observed by the Meteorological Administration. And then, housing insulation effects using the energy performance simulation are assessed with reference to the various heating transmission coefficients and heating loads of residential facilities in the sub-divided regions. According to the results, the difference of adiabatic heating loads in each sub-region is about 10 to 30%. This results should be reflected to ensure sufficient thermal insulation of the military residential facilities in the frigid area. According to the Green Building Construction Support Law, military facilities should follow provisions specified in the Korean Energy Saving Design Standards because they are also public buildings. This study could be one of the paragons to follow government policies associated with the building energy saving through enhancing insulation level of military residential facilities as well as contributed to improve the quality of military residential facilities.
Studies on Effectiveness Proof of Green Building Certification through the Quantitative Analysis of Environmental Performance of Multi-residential Buildings
Bae, Cheol-Hak ; Kim, Seon-Bok ; Park, Cha-Hyun ; Choo, Seung-Yeon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 1, 2016, Pages 145~154
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.1.145
In order to prevent the global warming, many countries have performed the Green Building Certification Systems headed by the developed countries. G-SEED is the representative certification system in Korea for constructing Green-Buildings as other countries' LEED, BREEAM, CASBEE, GREEN STAR etc. G-SEED was established started in 2002 and has been revised several times, still has problems regarding the appropriateness of articles weight and eco-friendly efficiency of Green Building. To confirm the G-SEED effectiveness for reducing Green House Gas(GHG) emission, we suggested how to calculate the amount of the carbon dioxide emissions. In this study the amount of carbon of the green buildings certified through G-SEED is computed and analyzed. Calculating and analyzing the amount of carbon emission of 68 certified Green Buildings(apartment houses), there was a little correlation between the Green Building grade and the amount of carbon emission. Therefore it was verified that there is a little effectiveness of the green building criteria in reducing GHG emissions. The reason is that there is a few criteria of calculating the GHG in Green Building Certification, and it is needed to revise the criteria that can verify the effectiveness of Green Building by evaluating the performance quantitatively. It is not affordable to give it a rating through evaluating quantitatively the carbon emission of buildings. It is also important that green building has to give us the qualitative satisfaction of the environment and phychological comfort. If G-SEED is well coordinated by the part of quantitative assessment and qualitative assessment, the sustainable buildings could be widespread to our living places without wasting the resources of future generations or degrading the environment.
A Study on Thermal Characterization Methods of Installed Window Glass for Improving the Energy Efficiency of Buildings
Lee, Eung-Shin ; Kwon, Soon-Bum ; Lee, Myoung-Ju ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 1, 2016, Pages 155~162
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.1.155
This study suggests for users to evaluate the possible differences between a product's stated value of thermal performance and its actual effectiveness in practice. By examining the original method for measuring thermal performances of windows, we could provide the base of further research. To analyze the thermal performances of windows that have already been installed into a building structure, this study employs four variables: the inner and outer window pane surface temperatures, and the inner and outer room temperatures. Producing a constant degree variable when visually represented as a graph, we were able to apply a dimensionless constant to define a new quality factor "P", which can be applied to all glass without considering the directional aspect of the thermal heat flow. Through this study, we expect to support users to characterize a product's thermal performance efficiency, as well as the possible damaged from even if they are not immediately recognized by the naked eye.