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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Architectural Institute of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 8 - Aug 2016
Volume 32, Issue 7 - Jul 2016
Volume 32, Issue 6 - Jun 2016
Volume 32, Issue 5 - May 2016
Volume 32, Issue 4 - Apr 2016
Volume 32, Issue 3 - Mar 2016
Volume 32, Issue 2 - Feb 2016
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Jan 2016
Selecting the target year
An Analysis on the Balcony and its Surrounding in German Multi-family Housing from the 1920s to 1930s - Focused on its Arrangement on the Facade and its Material Organisation -
Jee, Soo-In ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 2, 2016, Pages 3~14
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.2.3
The purpose of this study was to analyze the arrangement and the material organisation of the balcony and its surrounding on the facade of german multi-family housing from the 1920s to 1930s to clarify the characteristics of the balcony and its surrounding regarding its relationship with the modern balcony. In this study the balcony was assorted into three basic elements as the balcony railing, the solar shading device and the plantation. The results of this study were as follows; the arrangement of the balcony railing on the housing facade could be categorized into the main one type which was the vertical row-arrangement. The main materials used for the balcony railing were the brick, the white and polychrome stucco and the iron. The balcony railing made from the brick and the stucco had the characteristic of a closed railing while it from the iron had the same of a open railing. As the solar shading device like the simple ownings, curtains and parasols installed limitedly by the inhabitant themselves, the horizontal iron bar are installed on the upper part of the center of the brick and stucco railings for the plant-boxes.
A Study on the Characteristics and Spatial Distribution of Homeownership through Generation Change - In Seoul Metropolitan -
Lim, Ji-Young ; Kang, Miseon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 2, 2016, Pages 15~24
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.2.15
This study analyzes spatial distribution change of the housing-type and homeownership through the generation change. Until now studies have been carried out mainly cross sectional analysis with changing the life cycle. These studies didn't reflect time series changes like generation changes. This study utilized the concept of "generation" that share a social experience. Age effect, period effect, a cohort effect were considered comprehensively. I examined the spatial distribution of housing types and homeownership changes by longitudinal sectional analysis. The Main housing-type have been changed over time. Apartments, detached house, multi-family residential housing types are leading to a certain generation. The old people own and live in the detached house, younger people own and live in the apartment. Homeownership rate is influenced by the income. Income has been increased according to life cycle until 50s. However, as time passes, younger generation's homeownership getting decreased rapidly. That phenomenon reflects increasing the rates of unemployment, irregular job for young people. In the south of seoul metropolitan, people live and have homeownership separated by age. 30s who have homeownership live in outside of the south of seoul metropolitan, 40s who have house ownership live more inside than 30s and 50s who have house ownership live more inside than 40s. That makes multi ring. Spatial distribution of homeownership is extended to outside. Because the newtown had been developed in south seoul metropolitan from near seoul. Mostly people buy house at 30s and live longer than lent resident. So, the residential multi-ring depends on newtown developing time and age of households who have homeownership.
A Study on the Block Planning of Apartment Housing correspond to Urban Context - Focused on Apartment Housing Design Competition of Sejong City -
Seo, Hye-Young ; Kim, Young-Suk ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 2, 2016, Pages 25~34
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.2.25
This study aims to furnish basic data for future housing complex design by arranging and comprehending housing block plan characteristic by the urban context through the Sejong City housing complex plans. And this study's target is 40 cases including the winning works and participating works of the Sejong City design competitions held in 2007. And to analyze a plan characteristic by the urban context, we established 7 elements (the edge of the Water, Park, Base of Mountain(Foothill), Residential Areas and School Administration Facilities, Main road, Neighborhood Street, Housing Complex Entrance) and looked around their plan characteristic and application trend. Like this block layout pattern of apartment housing is not only accepted of the district unit planning and the design guidelines, but also affected by urban context.
A Study on the Long-term Repair Plan for Additional Energy Saving Elements in Zero Energy Housing Complex
Lim, In-Hyok ; Son, Eun-Jeong ; Lee, Myoung-Ju ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 2, 2016, Pages 35~42
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.2.35
The Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport had announced 'Building Energy Performance Improvement Plan' to achieve Zero Energy building with sufficient thermal insulation capability by 2025. However, the uncertainty regarding the high initial investment costs and the excessive repair costs had been a concern in the construction market and impeding the prevalence of zero energy houses. By analysing the long-term repair cycle and costs for the additional energy saving elements from the Zero Energy Housing Complex in Nowon-gu, this study aims to provide a basis for the long-term repair plan budgeting guidelines in order to benefit future Zero Energy housing cost estimation process. As a result of the anlaysis, the large-scale long-term repair occurred after the completion of the 25th-year(for elements of external insulation, hign insulation windows and heat recovery ventilation system) and 30 year cycle(for elements of high insulation doors and photovoltaic equipment). The additional long-term repair costs for each household was analyzed by 28,988 won/month. In the case of the future active construction market, the additional costs is expected to decrease.
A Study on Evaluation for Attributes of the Environmental Characteristics in Urban Entertainment Center using IPA Method
An, Eun-Hee ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 2, 2016, Pages 43~52
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.2.43
This study aims to evaluate the attributes of environmental characteristics which provide the visitors with pleasant sensory stimulations so that select optional store in many urban entertainment center. The survey research was carried out to examine the visitors' perceived satisfaction and importance about the environmental characteristics. The respondents were male and females with ages ranging from the 10's to the 60's, visited 4 UECs in Seoul. The respondents were divided into three groups - neighborhood shopper, regional shopper, long-distance shopper - according to the distance from residence area to UEC. The result are as follows : (1) store selection variables for urban entertainment center were reclassified as 9 non-physical environment factors and 15 physical environment factors. (2) The store selection factors were divided into four realms by IPA analysis: the major design realm(1st quadrant), the intensive design realm(2nd quadrant), the tactical design realm(3rd quadrant), and sufficient design realm(4th quadrant). (3) Directly affective factors to the visitors' importance-satisfaction such as product quality, density, ease of approach to destination, ease of wayfinding, parking space, proximity, lounge space were settled on the major and intensive design realms. (4) Physical environment factors such as green space, amenity, ease of horizontal circulation use, ease of vertical circulation use were also settled on the tactical design realms.
A Basic Study for the Quantification of Right of View - Focusing on the cases of judicial precedents on view right violation -
An, Kwang-Ho ; Kim, In-Sung ; Choi, Yong-Seok ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 2, 2016, Pages 53~60
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.2.53
With increasing cultural-economic demands, we are experiencing increasing dispute cases of environment rights violation. There are many specific judicial precedents about the issue of Solar access right, which is clearly indicated in the rules of Building codes. However, it is difficult to find the cases of genuine debates or studies on the right of view yet. This paper is a basic study to examine objective standards of view right and quantitative judgment of its violation. Focusing on various judicial precedents, it tries to establish related terms, assess economic values, and deduce basic elements for the quantification of view right. Many cases of view right violation in collective housing have not been regally approved since they are mainly a matter of living benefits which are supposed not to have their economic values. However, the paper argues that it is surely required to study and discuss this issue now considering the market price of residence reflecting the view benefit. The physical elements for the quantification of view benefit, such as View Target, View Location and View Distance, can be connected with the national system of geographic information. It will be utilized to quantify the economic value of view targets or view points, and to supply the objective information of view conditions. Furthermore, it will be also used as valuable source for various urban planning.
A Verification Study of the Vertical Transportation Planning Ability of A-RIDE for High-rise Office Buildings
Lee, Jungwon ; Kang, Junekyung ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 2, 2016, Pages 61~68
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.2.61
The purpose of this research is to verify the validity of A-RIDE, a developed vertical transportation planning program. A-RIDE is a web-based software program that can present reasonable vertical transportation plan alternatives for high-rise buildings, based on basic building information at an early design phase. This research focused on high-rise office buildings which have a complex vertical transportation system due to heavy traffic. For verification, an object building have been selected and vertical transportation has been planned using A-RIDE. The presented vertical transportation plan and the actual plan have been compared and analyzed. Results of A-RIDE were similar to the actual plan which verifies the significance of this program as a vertical transportation planning tool for the early design phase. Through further research, this program has the potential to become a powerful design tool for architects planning high-rise buildings.
A Study on Biomimicry Methods for Rainwater Usage Planning in Buildings
Choi, Jaepil ; Lee, Jungwon ; Kang, Junekyung ; Kim, Daeun ; Yoo, Saewon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 2, 2016, Pages 69~78
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.2.69
The purpose of this research is to propose architectural planning methods for rainwater usage by applying 'Biomimcry', the imitation of lessons learned from nature. Rainwater usage related case studies that show biomimetic properties were analyzed and methods that activated the architecture were examined. This research has been carried out through the following process. First, the outline of case study analysis was formed based on theoretical studies related to biomimcry and rainwater usage, and research on how water is being utilized in nature. The total of 27 rainwater usage case studies demonstrated the implementation of rainwater during the initial stage of architectural planning. The properties of biomimetic application were analyzed, and cases were classified by evaluating the relevance of biomimetic qualities. Moreover, each case was examined on how biomimetic properties are applied in order to suggest a direction on applying biomimicry methods for rainwater usage planning in buildings in the future. Suggested biomimicry methods can be divided into macro and micro levels based on the range of application and the scale of applied mechanisms learned from nature. The result of this study will help architects who are interested in getting ideas or guidance for planning buildings that use rainwater.
The Analysis of Importance Change Order Factors in Space for Private Construction of Apartment Houses
Song, Yong-Hun ; Cho, Jeong-Sik ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 2, 2016, Pages 79~88
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.2.79
As the apartment complex became one of representative residential facility, changes occur in all phase of a construction phase caused by unexpected situation, uncertain factors and change of project plan. It is essential to implement an appropriate change management regime to reduce change-associated cost and time delay. Studies and research on changes has been focused on very general buildings or specialized buildings. As a result, there are limitations to apply as change factors for apartment complex projects with prior studies. here fore, in this study, it was classified tenement house space to function space configuration to derive the importance of change order factors for each apartment space. This study categorize the functional space in order to analysis the importance factor for private apartment houses change orders. With literature review and case study of private apartment change orders, the change order factors has been used for interview with experts who was involved in private apartment houses. After interviewing with experts, factors for change orders has been selected. The importance level has been fixed by interviewing every participants of private apartment houses with method of AHP(Analytic Hierarch Process). This study indicates the effective change management for private apartment houses with final result of factors and importance on change orders.
A Study on the Reconstruction of the Dongho Dokseodang in the late 16
Century and its Architectural Characteristics
Bae, Chang-Hyun ; Jeon, BongHee ; Jung, Ghi-Chul ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 2, 2016, Pages 89~101
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.2.89
The purpose of this research is to reconstruct the Dongho Dokseodang and to examine its architectural characteristics in the mid-Joseon period. This institution was established for the Sagadoksseo(賜暇讀書), which is similar to the sabbatical year today. In 1517, it was first constructed and such buildings as the Jeongdang(正堂), Buok(附屋), Namru(南樓) and Seosangbang(西上房) were built at the time. In 1551, Munhoedang(文會堂) and Hanggak(行閣) were newly added, and in 1587 a new hall was built around a lotus pond. With the Imjin war in 1592, however, all buildings were devastated. There remain primary sources such as paintings and literatures providing the architectural information of the institution at the time. Based on these sources, various scholarly attempts to reconstruct the institution have been made since 2003. In this research, the primary sources and preceding stuides will be reviewed to reach a more reasonable reconstruction of the Dongho Dokseodang. In doing so, its important architectural characteristics are discussed as well.
A Study on the Characteristics and Meaning of Kyobuk-dong Ganpyon-Jutaek by Jutaekgujehoe in Japanese Colonial Period
Yoo, Soon Seon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 2, 2016, Pages 103~110
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.2.103
Since 1920 in Japanese colonial period, the population of the city was rapidly increased so housing shortage leads to serious social problem. Jutaekgujehoe was established in 1921 to reduce housing shortage for poor Korean. The aim of this paper is to find out characteristics and meaning of Kyobuk-dong Ganpyon-Jutaek by Jutaekgujehoe. Japanese colonial period record, newspaper and literature were the methods for the following findings. Activities of Jutaekgujehoe were to provide public housing for poor Korean for the first time and it was influenced to construction and enlargement of Buyong-Jutaek by Kyongsung-bu in 1920'. Kyobuk-dong Ganpyon-Jutaek was not only Korean hangrang style but also kind of social housing for worker. Difference of Buyong-Jutaek was community organization and facilities for resident and it makes spirit of independence. Only Kyobuk-dong Ganpyon-Jutaek and Ahyun-dong Gubin-Jutaek are constructed by Jutaekgujehoe but it was tried to improve quality of life for Korean in Japanese colonial period.
A Hermeneutic Study of Staircases in the SPACE Building Designed by Kim Swoo Geun
Lee, Min Jung ; Lee, Dong-Eon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 2, 2016, Pages 111~119
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.2.111
From an ontological perspective, as Gadamer explains in his fusion of horizons, an understanding of the world is achieved through prejudice and experience guiding understanding of the present shaped by the past. This research takes this ontological view and distills it into a set of assumptions. Using the hermeneutic circle, these implicit assumptions are made explicit through a review of the literature on staircases, and the end result is a critique of the staircases of Kim Swoo Geun's SPACE building. As hermeneutics takes the parts of the whole as a representation of the whole, this study can be seen as a critique of not only Kim Swoo Geun's SPACE building as a whole, but also Korean architecture in general.
Architectural Characteristics of the newly constructed Goon(郡) Office Buildings and Influence of their Prototype Schemes in the Period of Japanese Colonial Rule in Korea
Kim, Myungsun ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 2, 2016, Pages 121~131
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.2.121
The architectural drawings of Goon(郡) office buildings in Japanese colonial period collected in the national archives of Korea, were recently made as digital images, and their annotation published. On these basic research materials for the buildings a few papers were published. The purpose of this study is to investigate the tendency of the buildings' new construction and their architectural characteristics such as structure, scale or elevation composition. It used literature research method, i.e. analysing the digital images, the annotation, official documents between the Japanese government-general of Korea and To(道), and related articles of newspapers or journals. It found that the buildings were begun to newly construct from early 1910s, very early compared to To and Pu(府) office buildings, but the new construction were not sufficient from the point of total Goon's number(218). The reason of the early new construction is estimated that because the Japanese Government-General of Korea rearranged Goon in 1914 and 1915, therefore new buildings were needed in newly designated locations for the buildings. The structure of the buildings were mostly made of wood or brick, the size of them has very big deviation but no tendency toward time or region. The elevation composition of them was applied that of public offices in Japanese colonial period, and affected from the prototype scheme in 1910s by Government-General of Korea until 1930s.
The Ontological Meaning of Sociological Interpretations on Architectural Works - Based on Symbolic Interactionism and Habitus -
Song, Jong-Eun ; Park, Yong-Seo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 2, 2016, Pages 133~144
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.2.133
Sociological Interpretation on architectural works and design thinking, and architectural critics could be an approach for social sustainable architecture. In the sociological perspective, the paper explores the characteristics of two architectural works and architectural design thinking of Louis I. Kahn's Richards Medical Research Laboratory(1975-60) and Peter Eisenman's House VI(1972-75) and a sociologist Robert Gutman's reviews on two architectural works. The sociological interpretation based on "sociological being" derived from two sociological theories, "Symbolic Interactionism and "Habitus", approaches to the architecture as the world of experience and existence of human being. "Sociological being" based on the definitions of symbolic interaction, habitus, circumstance, social action and practice, reflective ego, and etc. is participated in to interpret two architectural works, design thinking, and architectural reviews. The findings describe the negatives of architectural philosophy(Louis I. Khan) and conceptual architecture(Peter Eisenman) and the ontological meaning of sociological interpretations on architectural works.
A Study on the Characteristics of Intermediate Bracket Complex Architecture in Korea based on Structure and Design of Hutbo
Kim, Suk-Hyun ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 2, 2016, Pages 145~156
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.2.145
This research effort attempts to clarify the purpose of using hutbo in the intermediate bracket complex architecture of Korea. Intermediate bracket complex architecture is generally understood to possess bracket complexes that are joined to a building's transverse beam ends on the exterior of the structure. Hutbo are structural members that takes on the appearance of a transverse beam end within a bracket complex, but are not true transverse beam ends. Buildings employing hutbo date from the late Goryeo dynasty, roughly the fourteenth century, until the mid-Joseon dynasty in the mid-seventeenth century. Hutbo are distinct in that they give the appearance on the exterior of the building of a normal transverse beam that is linked to a bracket set, but allow for independent transverse beams to be used in the interior. By examining the manner in which the hutbo were being used in intermediate bracket complex architecture of the later Goryeo, it can be concluded that in the wake of their introduction, hutbo passed through a process of popularization, standardization, and their form was matured through a gradually maturation in technical ability.
Continuity and Transformation of the Traditional Life Style of Javanese Houses - Focused on Java Traditional Houses in Kotagede, Yogyakarta-Indonesia -
Kim, Do-Yeon ; Ju, Seo-Ryeung ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 2, 2016, Pages 157~169
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.2.157
This study aims to understand how the traditional life styles in Javanese houses have continued or transformed to adapt to modernization and industrialization through the case studies of Javanese houses located in Kotagede, Indonesia. Focused on the six traditional Javanese houses in Kotagede, the measurements of the houses, interviews with residents and observational of life patterns were applied for the methodology of this study. The findings of this study are as follows; First, most of the residents living in the traditional Javanese housing have inherited the property from their parents or relatives. They have maintained the traditional structure and space order following the traditional axis of the north and the south. Second, having a pendapo is not as important anymore since maintain a pendapo costs a lot and public events are not held often in a private house anymore. Therefore the use and its symbolic meaning of a pendapo have weakened. Third, the dalem is not used as frequently as the gandok even though the dalem was a higher order in a traditional hierarchy. The uses of middle senthong have been changed from sacred god's space to private bedrooms or prayer room for Muslims. Fourth, the gandok is used as the most active living space in nowdays to adopt to the modern lifestyle. As a conclusion, the traditional Javanese housings in Kotagede have maintained its traditional values in the aspect of space and structure. Whereas the pendapo and the dalem, which once have been the most important rooms, have lost its symbolic meanings, the importance of gandok, which is the center of living space and transformed into divided private spaces such as bedrooms, has increased according to modernization.
Segwon Jeong's Joongdang-style Hanok
Lee, Kyung-Ah ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 2, 2016, Pages 171~180
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.2.171
The purpose of this study was to examine various experiments on hanok in 1930s through 'Joongdang-style Hanok' built by Segwon Jeong. Joongdang-style Hanok seems to have the background of 'House Improvement Movement(住宅改良運動) of the 1920s and 1930s. He compared advantages and disadvantages of traditional Korean houses and proposed a new plan of hanok named 'Geonyang House(建陽住宅)'. Joongdang-style hanoks of Segwon Jeong reveal his opinion which a house should be hygiene, practical, aesthetic and economic. But he should compromise with Joongjeong-style hanok and correct his Joongdang-style hanok because it should reflect Koreans' lifestyle.
Redefinition of Public-private Role in Housing Redevelopment Projects for Enhancing Publicness and Profitability - Comparing with Urban Redevelopment Project of Japan -
Maeng, Da-Mi ; Lee, Dong-Hoon ; Baik, Ce-Na ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 2, 2016, Pages 181~189
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.2.181
Low economic growth and recession in real estate market resulted in sluggish implementation in housing redevelopment projects and affect inadequate provision of public facilities and housing. This study aims to identify the issues of the current provision system of public facilities and housing in the housing redevelopment projects of Seoul and find solutions by comparing with the cases of Japanese redevelopment projects. Keeping the balance between publicness and profitability of the projects is one of the main principles which can be accomplished by reinforcing the public-private partnership. This study suggests three systems as the way of enhancing publicness and profitability of the housing redevelopment projects: (1) government financial supports for establishing infrastructure, (2) introduction of public copartner system, and (3) risk-taking of private sectors.
Types of Children's Play Spaces and Their Route Characteristics in a Residential Neighborhood - Based on Travel Logs and GPS Data of Buk-chon's Elementary School Students in Grades 1-3 -
Park, Hyun-Jin ; Park, Jin-Hee ; Park, So-Hyun ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 2, 2016, Pages 191~202
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.2.191
Over time, children's outdoor activities and opportunities for children to play, have continually declined. Such problems have led to increased interest in providing better physical environments for children's active free play in residential neighborhoods. Previous research studies have generally focused on specific places (i.e. playgrounds and schoolyards) or types of buildings (i.e. apartment complexes). The primary goal of this paper is to identify the characteristics of neighborhood environments that are associated with play behavior by analyzing the types of children's play spaces and their routes. Based on a week's travel log and GPS data from 25 students who are in grades 1-3 in elementary school, this empirical study of Buk-chon, Seoul, demonstrates that children have used for their recreational use both 'formal play spaces', spaces specifically designed for recreational activities, and 'informal play spaces', spaces not intentionally designed for recreational activities. The results of analyzing children's play behaviors and space conditions indicate certain environmental characteristics. Formal spaces include the following: 1) quality parks that are easily accessible, 2) schoolyards and small parks that are spacious yet close to residential areas, and 3) play spaces that are well connected with residential streets. Informal spaces include the following: 1) commercial facilities, bus-stop and alleys surrounding schools, 2) alleys near residences, and 3) streets(and their networks) within neighborhoods. Even without formal spaces, alleys around homes and schools and neighborhood streets have become 'play routes' for children in Buk-chon. Further research is needed to compare other residential areas, as well as the different types of buildings that exist in such areas, and identify the challenges between creating outdoor play spaces and maintaining residential neighborhoods' characteristics.
The Change and Characteristics on the Choryang Waegwan Area Before and After the Liberation
Kim, Ji In ; Kim, Jun ; Yoo, Jae-Woo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 2, 2016, Pages 203~212
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.2.203
This paper focuses on the Choryang Waegwan area, which acted as a stage for Japanese trade and diplomacy during Japanese colonial rule. The research aims to, first of all, analyse Japanese living spaces in the Choryang Waegwan area; the Japanese concession in Busan and today's downtown area incorporating Gwangbok-dong and Nampo-dong. This paper differs from previous research, which focused on important office buildings or public facilities, by representing everyday-life-space. As for this, we are referenced to the many olden maps which were made in Map of current land registration and the Busan Guidance, Busan Map (釜山案內圖, 1938). The paper explores the spatial structure and characteristics of the area objectively; not from the habitual perspective that sees this area as little more than a colonial city in the Joseon dynasty constructed by the Japanese. This allows for an examination of its significance to the field of urban planning. Some significance of this research is that it provides the basic data for the following research.
Uncertainty and Sensitivity Analysis of Building Energy Simulation under Future Climate Change and Retrofit
Kim, Young-Jin ; Park, Cheol-Soo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 2, 2016, Pages 213~222
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.2.213
For reliable building performance assessment, uncertainty caused by future climate change and future energy retrofit should be taken into account. This paper presents a case study of risk-based decision making driven by future uncertainty sources (climate, energy retrofit) in an existing office building. For the study, the EnergyPlus model was chosen and a Monte Carlo Sampling (MCS) technique was employed. Then, significant inputs were identified using a global sensitivity analysis. This study compares three alternatives for replacement of a chiller using deterministic and risk-based stochastic approaches. It is shown that the risk-based stochastic approach is more useful than the deterministic approach. In particular, it is highlighted that the uncertainty sources (climate, retrofit, etc.) have an important bearing on the selection of optimal alternatives.
Issues and limitations in BIM to BEM for Energy Simulation
Choi, Jun-Woo ; Park, Cheol-Soo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 2, 2016, Pages 223~230
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.2.223
Recently, BIM based energy simulation has been highlighted due to expectancy for efficient reuse and sharing of building information. The BIM based energy simulation is based on a belief that an automatic conversion of BIM to a BEM (Building Energy Model) can be seamless and such conversion would be much more efficient than a manual conversion. This paper aims to investigate whether the aforementioned belief is valid or not. In this study, four people were asked to develop a BIM model for a given small office building. Then, four BIM files were exported from a BIM authoring tool (Revit) to gbXML files. The gbXML files are then converted to EnergyPlus input files (
.idf) by OpenStudio. Four Revit files, four gbXML files and four idf files as well as EnergyPlus simulation results were cross-compared. It has been concluded in the paper that currently, seamless conversion from BIM to BEM is not realistic and expert's judgment and intervention is indispensable.
A Study on the Energy Consumption and their Patterns in Apartment Housing Units Size and Orientation
Shin, Hyun-ik ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 2, 2016, Pages 231~240
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.2.231
The goal of this research is to provide basic data for energy efficiency in multi-family residential building designs and to contribute to its improvements. The goal is achieved by analysing the amount of energy use and the energy use patterns for different 'apartment housing units'. The apartment unit samples for the analysis are selected from 'J-apartment complex' constructed by a prominent construction company in South Korea. The samples are sorted according to several criteria such as 'floor plan size and configuration', 'exterior wall lengths', and 'building orientations'. The analysis is aimed to guide economic feasibility for energy saving designs in multi-family residential buildings. The final analysis is aimed to provide the standard for energy efficient multi-family apartment designs. Three inferences are made during this research. First, the energy usage and its cost escalate as the size of an apartment unit increases. Second, when the size of apartment units are same, the energy usage of each unit differs according to its orientation. Energy usage factors according to building orientations are as follow: South units(100%), South-West units(105.71%), South-East units(111.04%), South-West units with location disadvantage(112.38%), South-East units with location disadvantage (113.22%). Third, a set-back from the building mass creates micro-climate conditions and draws shadow on the apartment unit. It is proved by the analysis that such micro-climate conditions give the unit disadvantages for its energy efficiency.