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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Architectural Institute of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 8 - Aug 2016
Volume 32, Issue 7 - Jul 2016
Volume 32, Issue 6 - Jun 2016
Volume 32, Issue 5 - May 2016
Volume 32, Issue 4 - Apr 2016
Volume 32, Issue 3 - Mar 2016
Volume 32, Issue 2 - Feb 2016
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Jan 2016
Selecting the target year
Analysis on the Change of Apartment House Spatial Structure Using Time Based-Joining Method - Focusing on Two-Unit-Staircase and 3-Bay Type Apartment House with an Area of Usable Space of 85m
Located in Seoul
Ham, Sungil ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 4, 2016, Pages 3~10
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.4.3
The purpose of this study is to develop phylogenetic tree through similarity analysis of space organization of apartment house plane over the past 40 years and to investigate the chronological evolution of the space organization. In addition to the previous qualitative classification methodology, a time based-joining method which draws phylogenetic tree considering the generation period of plane as well as a bipartite methodology of graphs similarity analysis algorithm were used to quantitatively classify and analyze the plane. As for the research subject, 485 unit plane of staircase and 3-bay type apartment house with an area of exclusive use space of
located in Seoul were used from 1970 to 2015, which are currently the most representative plane case in Korea. In this study, a total of 61 spatial structures were extracted, which were classified into space organizations where the different spaces(rooms) are connected through living room and through dining/kitchen and all the spaces are connected through hall. They were further divided into three subgroups to chronologically change and develop into nine types. Moreover, an analysis on the differentiation process of plane type revealed that it had a consistent direction of the changing process.
Analyzing the Patent Trend on Housing Modification Related Technology for the Elderly
Kwon, Oh-Jung ; Kim, Jinyoung ; Lee, Ok Kyung ; Park, Sun-Ha ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 4, 2016, Pages 11~20
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.4.11
This study aims to examine and analyze the current status of patent trend for housing modification related technologies for the elderly in order to understand the current situation of housing modification industry in Korea and other countries. Using KOMPASS patent search system as a searching tool, patents for housing modification related technologies in Korea, Japan, the U.S., and Europe were searched and 999 valid patents were found. The country with the most patents was Japan, which was followed by the U.S.. Valid patents were categorized based on 9 elements of criteria for technology classification (secondary lifting device, porch, kitchen, bathroom or toilet, moving assistive device, lighting or door, IT-related technology, reform plan and extra), and these were divided by country, year, and technology classification and analyzed. Through the yearly analysis of housing modification related technologies, it was found that the increase and decrease of the patent trend of each country was related to the duration of aging society and super-aged society, which is the index of the number of the elderly compared to the total population. In case of Korea, from the late 80s to the late 90s, there were intermittent applications for patents and since 2000, the year that Korea reached aging society, the number has continuously increased and patent applications for bathroom-related technology took the biggest portion. Another thing to note was that compared to other countries researched, Korea showed an increasing trend in the number of patent applications related to IT technologies such as emergency call system and abnormality detection monitoring. Still, the number of Korea's patent applications was smaller than that of other countries analyzed, and the area of technologies that were applied for patent was not diverse. In the future, Korea will have to focus on developing housing modification technologies related to the elderly, which is at a poor stage, and for this, it will have to put efforts for developing R&D technology and securing intellectual property. Especially, compared to other countries, Korea will be able to use its domestic industrial environment that can easily apply IT technologies.
Analysis of Space Preference for Long-life Housing Based on the Characteristics of Residents
Choi, Jung-Min ; Kang, Soon-Joo ; Kim, Yu-Na ; Kim, Soo-Am ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 4, 2016, Pages 21~32
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.4.21
This study is the in-depth statistical analysis of the survey results conducted to the residents in Yongin Guseong Raemian apartment to find out the space preference based on the characteristics of the residents. For the study, this paper investigated the trends and characteristics of the flexible space planning through literature review and drew 5 types of flexible space planning elements from in-depth interview coupled with questionnaire survey. The main findings are as follows. First, the respondents showed their preferred living style depending on their age and size of apartment unit. Their main life style was classified into two groups such as "practical style focusing on family" and "hybrid type of conservative and active style". Second, the analysis of the preference in the layout of rooms using Multidimensional Scaling showed that deployment of spaces in the apartment unit was clearly outlined by the horizontal axis of "public and private uses" and vertical axis of "direction". This preference for the layout of spaces was the same regardless of the characteristics of residents, which indicates that the layout of the rooms is predominantly affected by these two axes. Third, the evaluation of flexibility for spaces in a unit using standard deviation shows that the 'dress room' has the highest standard deviation in the flexibility followed by the storage space, and children's rooms and that the common bathroom has the lowest standard deviation followed by the bathroom for husband and wife. At the same time, the investigation shows that the younger female residents demand for those spaces having the high standard deviation, which presents that the flexible infill is more recommended for them.
Research on the Representative Types of Aged Apartments in the 1st-Phase New Town for Remodeling
Choi, Jaepil ; Choi, Junho ; Park, Chan Young ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 4, 2016, Pages 33~40
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.4.33
Housing shortage in 1990 henceforth caused a massive supply of apartment houses on a national scale as a part of Five-Year Two Million Housing Unit Construction Plan. Many of the apartment houses constructed during this period have aged rapidly during the last few decades. In this study, representative types of houses in 1st-Phase New Town are derived based on main planning elements drawn to examine the remodeling types appropriate for currently aged apartments. A complete inspection of apartment complex, apartment building and apartment unit according to construction planning element, period and region of aged apartment houses in 1st-Phase New Town is conducted. The representative types of 1st-Phase New Town drawn were classified into categories of planning element, period and region after a cumulative counting of all types through analytic framework of preceding researches and case studies. As many of the aged apartments in the 1st-Phase New Town were distributed in the form of private sales and many medium and large sized apartments with 2-bay structure were supplied, it can be speculated that segregation or downsizing of housing units will be needed. Moreover, since many flat staircase type apartments were supplied and underground parking lots were already constructed, construction is expected to be scaled down on contrary to remodeling. Remodeling is regarded to have high business value as many of the apartment buildings are over fifteen stories. The limitations of this study lie in that spectrum of the study is confined to apartment houses only in the 1st-Phase New Town and also that the only top 50% types were considered as the representative types, leaving the units pertaining to the lower 50% out of the study. This limitation leads to future researches and reviews through follow-up studies.
Residential Needs and Characteristics of Space Usage according to the Lifecycle of Residents in Flexible Apartment Housing
Kang, Soon-Joo ; Choi, Jung-Min ; Kim, Yu-Na ; Kim, Jin-Young ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 4, 2016, Pages 41~48
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.4.41
This study has been identified residential requirements and characteristics of space usage according to the lifecycle in the residents living in R apartment in Youngin City, a leading flexible community housing in Korea to find out the planning elements for flexible housing. The result are as follows: 1) just married couple and senescence couple use couple's bedroom for sleeping, living room for TV watching, reading, studying, playing, small room for dress room, while couple in education for children use space in many ways according to their behaviors. In case of senescence, it is recommendable to plan space division in bedroom, for they keep separate bedrooms. 2) couple in raising children want to move bigger house for bigger storage space according to their children's growing up, while couple in senescence are satisfied with the present space, meaning 59m2 is adequate. 3) It is verified that planning elements are lifecycle and major behaviors and demand for the size of room, location, number of space, its usage, and placement may vary according to the elements; extracted planning elements for flexible housing.
Kindergarten Facility and Environment Design Based on the Child Development Theory - Focused on Foreign Cases
Lee, Jung-Won ; Kim, Da-Eun ; Choi, So-Young ; Byun, Na-Hyang ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 4, 2016, Pages 49~58
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.4.49
Children absorb the feeling from the environment they are surrounded. Designing for children is done by adults, however it is important to know what kind of environment makes them feel safe, friendly and physically active. Planning an environment for children is fundamental in teaching, enables to improve the learning process and to develop their minds and bodies. The purpose of this study is to propose an architectural design guide, based on the child development theory through reviewing 66 case studies of other countries known for advanced children education. The study was conducted in three steps. First to understand the child development theory and to summarize contents of nursery spaces focused on how physical environments inspires child development. Secondly, we studied the design concepts, physical conditions, spatial characteristics and ideas to create child friendly learning spaces from 66 cases. Finally, suggest an architectural planning guideline for children spaces based on the development theory and the validity and effectiveness of the design strategies discussed through the cases.
A Study on Construction Process and Management in the Jeonjagak(丁字閣) in the 19th Century - Focus on Sanneung-uigwe -
Lee, Sang-Myung ; Kim, Wang-Jik ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 4, 2016, Pages 59~67
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.4.59
The purpose of this study was to comprehend the level of process control by considering construction process of jeonjagak with Sanneung-uigwe in the late 19th century Sanneung-uigwe. For this purpose twelve Sanneung-uigwe were analized for construction period, construction process, process control and construction period by specialist work classification. jeonjagak was completed within the two months on average. For finishing within short period, it was controlled effectively. previously the five specialist work classification were expanded as twenty's and it was flexible in responding to circumstance as construction period, climate and so on. comparing with recent repairing work, the past work was fast 2~3 times. Before the main construction, supply and processing of wood and stone was organized manner to reflect the characteristics of construction. Woodwork taking a lot of time was to increase the accuracy of processing wood and kinds of dancheongwork was separated. It was operating together up to work classification corresponding to the short construction period, and respond to seasonal factors. As a result, this study prove the superiority of constuction technique and management of government buildings in the later Joseon period.
Establishment of the East-Asian Translation of Architecture and its Influence
Lee, Kang-Min ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 4, 2016, Pages 69~76
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.4.69
The purpose of this study was to reexamine the formation process of the Japanese translation of Architecture and to interpret the architectural issues about terminologies. The translated term of architecture was decided to Kenchiku. Because it meant architect's services, monopoly of the term by architectural designers was intensified to come into conflict within the architectural society. Moreover, unconvincing in daily world, Kenchiku is widely used in the different shades of meaning such as construction or building.
The Effects of Land-use Characteristics on Trip Patterns by Trip Modes and Purposes - Focused on Seoul Metropolitan Administrative Division -
Min, Byunghak ; Lee, Gunwon ; Kim, Seiyong ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 4, 2016, Pages 77~87
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.4.77
This study empirically analyzes the effect factors of each land use characteristic-density, diversity and accessibility-on inflow travel which is classified by two properties of trip, trip purpose and travel mode, in Seoul Metropolitan area. For the analysis, precedent studies related to land use and trip are reviewed, and a research hypothesis is set from the review. Land use characteristics are divided into three properties which is density, diversity and accessibility and twelve independent variables are included in them. Trips are classified as five different trip patterns by properties of trip which are trip purpose and travel mode, and models for analyzing are built for each pattern. The sample size is 283,093 trips which inflow into Seoul. Analysis of effects of land use characteristics on each trip pattern is performed by using regression analysis. According to the analysis results, it is necessary to plan and carry out public policy projects by considering land-use characteristics of regions, and it is able to enhance walkability and trips on transit by increasing in global integration of Seoul.
Characteristics of Occupants′ Comfort related to Draft during the Heating Operation in the Space with Packaged Terminal Heat Pump System
Moon, Eun-Jin ; Li, Ling ; Jeong, Chang-Ho ; Yeo, Myoung-Souk ; Kim, Kwang-Woo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 4, 2016, Pages 89~96
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.4.89
Packaged terminal heat pump systems, which are mainly used in small- and medium-sized buildings, are known to be cost-effective and thermally comfortable heating and cooling equipment. However, in practice, the issues of inefficient energy use as well as thermal discomfort have been discussed. Simplified design and application processes of packaged terminal heat pump systems can cause occupant thermal discomfort. In this study, the actual characteristics of occupant thermal comfort related to draft were analyzed during the operation of packaged terminal heat pump systems. Indoor thermal environment was evaluated by an Effective Draft Temperature(EDT) equation. The result shows that thermal discomfort occurred since 4-way type heat pump system is applied without careful consideration of the air temperature, velocity and indoor air distribution.
Development of an Gaussian Process Model using a Data Filtering Method
Ahn, Ki Uhn ; Kim, Deuk-Woo ; Kim, Young-Jin ; Park, Cheol Soo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 4, 2016, Pages 97~105
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.4.97
For better energy management of existing buildings, an accurate and fast prediction model is required. For this purpose, this study reports the development of a GP (Gaussian Process) model for an AHU fan of the real high-rise office building. The GP Model is a statistical data driven model, and requires far less inputs and demands less computing time than the whole building simulation tools. In this paper, the following is addressed: 1) the characteristics of the GP model, 2) the development the GP model, and 3)removal of outliers gathered from BEMS data, 4) validation of the GP model. In particular, RANSAC (RANdom SAmple Consensus) was employed for detecting the outliers of the measured data. It is concluded that the GP model accurately predict the fan energy consumption, and can be used for real time optimal control and fault detection of building systems in near future.
Design of Windows for Condensation Prevention considering the Thermal Performance of Thermally Improved Spacers
Rhee, Kyu-Nam ; Yu, Ji-Yong ; Song, Seung-Young ; Jung, Gun-Joo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 4, 2016, Pages 107~114
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.4.107
Thermally improved spacers are widely used to reduce the heat loss through the thermal bridge in the window. They have very different characteristics in terms of composition, shape and thermal properties; however, the thermal performance criteria for thermally improved spacers is not provided in the design stage. This study proposed a method to examine the condensation prevention performance in the design stage, considering the application of thermally improved spacers. To do this, equivalent thermal conductivity of the spacer was utilized to analyze the 2-dimensional heat transfer of the window. The condensation prevention performance was evaluated with the TDR(Temperature Difference Ratio) index. Based on the simulation results, a design chart was suggested to select suitable spacers for preventing surface condensation.
The Chilled Supply Water Setting considering both Comfort Index of New Effective Temperature and Energy Performance in Office Building
Seo, Dae-Woong ; Kwak, Ro-Yeul ; Choi, Sun-Kyu ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 4, 2016, Pages 115~122
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.4.115
Increasing chilled water supply temperature is recommended to save the energy as a control tool in buildings using BEMS. Though indoor humidity affects occupants' thermal sensation, health, and business efficiency work efficiency in office buildings, office building operate cooling system focusing on indoor temperature. In this study, the goal of the research is to set supply air temperature using new effective temperature comfort index which is considering both temperature and humidity and to compute chilled water supply temperature using the set supply air temperature. Therefore, to prevent indoor uncomfort of misoperation and to reach energy saving, unskilled building operator can easily set chilled water supply temperature up by suggested guide line that can set chilled water supply temperature based on mixed wet bulb temperature, chilled water flow and supply air temperature. We researched comfort distribution of buildings, and readjusted comfort range of new effective temperature limit based on report of complaint. Building of subject of study exceeded comfort range
suggested by ASHRAE, but we arranged comfort range limit to
since no complaint was reported. We proposed setting guide line to have highest chilled water supply temperature based on analysis of mixed wet bulb temperature that can consider both outdoor air and indoor air at the same time, a set supply air temperature by operator, and data of cool water flow rate passing through cooling coil to find the most appropriate chilled water supply temperature for set supply air temperature.