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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Architectural Institute of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 8 - Aug 2016
Volume 32, Issue 7 - Jul 2016
Volume 32, Issue 6 - Jun 2016
Volume 32, Issue 5 - May 2016
Volume 32, Issue 4 - Apr 2016
Volume 32, Issue 3 - Mar 2016
Volume 32, Issue 2 - Feb 2016
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Jan 2016
Selecting the target year
Analysis of Observation Characteristics revealed in the Visual Perception Process of A Street Space Image
Lee, Jeong-Ho ; Kim, Jong-Ha ; Kim, Sang-Hee ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 5, 2016, Pages 3~12
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.5.3
This study analyzed observation characteristics of the subjects revealed in the visual perception process of street space using the image of Guryongpo Modern Culture and History Street where was built to establish modern historical identity. For this study, an observation experiment was conducted using the eye tracker and for obtaining additional information of observation reasons, a retrospective think-aloud interview was carried out and the study findings are as follows: First, when the strength of observation was analyzed, all the subjects were found to look at the FR area(the front) more intensively than other areas. This means that in the space with a vanishing point, people tended to look at the area including the vanishing point, or the deepest point in the screen. Also, they observed the signboard or the left building facade with various elements like the signboard more actively than the right building facade showing the repetition of similar building facade form elements. Second, the frequency of conscious observation was analyzed only using the data which showed 6 consecutive observations of some point. As the result, the strength of observation and the frequency of conscious observation were highly different in east area and the frequency of conscious observation had the highest mean value. This implies that there was a convergent exploration in the left and right building lower areas. Third, additional information about observation data was acquired through a retrospective think-aloud interview. As the result, the main reasons of the subjects for looking at each area according to the observation purposes were 'interest element exploration' and 'disparate element exploration'. When the subjects were asked about the observation elements which remained in their memory, among the 'interest elements', the window showed the highest frequency(85.3%) and it was followed by the wooden panel(67.6%), the sliding door(64.7%) and the plastered wall(50%). Among the 'disparate elements', the telephone pole showed the highest frequency(47.1%) and it was followed by the mailbox(44.1%) and the rainwater tank(26.5%).
An Expert Opinion Survey on Three-dimensional Greenery System for Eco-Friendly Indoor and Outdoor Space of Buildings
Shin, Kyung-Sun ; Kim, Won-Pil ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 5, 2016, Pages 13~22
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.5.13
In the era of the Green Building, three-dimensional greenery system is becoming a new trend in both domestic and foreign design professionals, and is being actively studied as a core axis of eco-friendly architecture. This research aims to analyze practitioners' awareness of the concept of Three-dimensional greenery system and actual condition of application throughout practical fields in the country and to explore practical design guidelines to activate the concept further. For this purpose, the application of 3D greenery system was analyzed by each survey index, and Chi square analysis was performed to examine how demographic characteristics of design professionals is related to the research problems. It was found that many design experts understood 3D greenery system as a necessary design component in urban environment, and preferred slope and large-scale site layout for the diversity of space, increase of exterior of buildings, greenification of balcony area. Secondly, it is appeared that the experts perceived 3D greenery system as emotional factor such as aesthetical and eco-friendly icon, rather than pragmatic effect of energy savings, air purification, and noise reduction. Thirdly, the study found that typology of greenification merely focused on such public space as natural outdoor ground, and green roof for the benefit of green certification. Fourthly, it was contended that consistent maintenance and managing cost were main obstacles for the experts to apply 3D greenery system to the projects. Finally, it was concluded that continuing professional education of 3D greenery system was needed for related design experts to apply actively. Further, the study implied that the establishment of clear definition on 3D greenery system and its typology of 3D greenery system in relation to the composition of facade is necessary and design guideline and details need to be developed for diverse space formulation of interior exterior area.
Design Optimization of Atria with Monitor Skylight for Assessing Spatial Daylight Autonomy & Annual Solar Exposure
Park, Jung-Dae ; Lee, Yun-Kyung ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 5, 2016, Pages 23~30
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.5.23
With the increased simulation applications for assessing daylighting environment in buildings, a diversity of possibility exists for optimizing the performance of buildings. This study focuses on daylight performance assessments in adjoining spaces with different proportions to improve daylighting of atrium buildings. We investigates daylight metrics of central atrium type with monitor skylight. Climate-Based Daylight Modeling (CBDM) is applied as the assessment strategy and Spatial Daylight Autonomy (sDA) and Annual Solar Exposure (ASE) of LEED v.4(2013) are adopted as the dynamic daylight metrics to compare the results. The DIVA plug-in for Rhinoceros/Grasshopper as the parametric design tool is used for validation to effectively calculate daylight metrics using the Radiance/Daysim engine. In terms of the Well Index, Clearstory Height, Ceiling Height and Well Surface Reflectance, the variations of daylight level in the adjoining rooms have been analysed and some design strategies for supporting preliminary design decisions are presented. It is found that the optimized result of clerestory height for providing the surfficient daylighting in the atrium adjacent spaces is 3.66M.
A Research on the Implementation Status of the 7th Curriculum on aspects of school facilities - Focused on the Middle School -
Song, Hee-Jung ; Park, Joon-Soo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 5, 2016, Pages 31~38
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.5.31
The 7th Educational Program was introduced and implemented with the goal of transitioning into student-centered education system. However, the new curriculum failed to settle properly due to lack of accurate understanding about the new curriculum system and implementation refusal of unilateral radical introduction. The 7th Educational Program maintained the philosophy and system and since been amended 5 times. The direction of revision of the curriculum improved the problems of application while gradually alleviating the existing policy. And the introduction of the curriculum was separated into categories, to allow for different acceptance decisions regarding each category. Accordingly, by accurately verifying the conditions after the 7th curriculum was introduced, the goal of this study is in comprehending the actual state and problems, through current possession of facility for each of the introduction categories and method of operation. The research analysis result of current possession of facility for each of the introduction categories and method of operation are as follows. First, with the exception of a few schools, the subject schools possess facilities of scale that makes the introduction of curriculum possible. Second, it was evident that the space for teachers to conduct research, work, and rest, were comparatively insufficient, when the student-centered curriculum was implemented. Third, partial implementation in which only a part of the curriculum is implemented and non-implementation in which the curriculum is rejected, were judged to be ambiguous in the level of curriculum implementation and had no major differences. The results above are expected to assist in seeking for appropriate development measures for our country's future curriculum and in setting the direction.
A Study on Industrial Trends Related to Home Modification for the Elderly - With a focus on a comparison of the cases of Korea and Japan -
Kwon, Oh-Jung ; Kim, Dong-Sook ; Lee, Yong-Min ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 5, 2016, Pages 39~50
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.5.39
This research has as an objective to examine industrial trends of the home modification industry for the elderly in Korea and Japan, thus investigated literatures on policies and situations regarding home modification in both countries. Through visits and interviews of the groups and organizations which are leaders in research and tasks in the field and through materials and information obtained from visits to fairs, it includes an analysis of current industries involved in home remodeling. As a result, most of Korea's home modification products were relying on imports. In addition, home modification-related products provided by the long-term care insurance system were limited to handles and solutions for any unevenness caused by steps, which are categorized into equipment in this study. Therefore, they had a narrow product range and their development was slow. For this reason, the supply market related to home modification for the elderly was not being facilitated. In contrast with this, Japan was developing a variety of devices, equipment, and products related to home modification, which can guarantee the elderly's independent life, by identifying a series of movements based on the elderly's daily activities with a good understanding of their body and psychology with regard to the elderly's home-based life. Moreover, while Japanese companies were actively participating in the development of home modification-related products, Korea's relevant systems and policies remained inadequate, which hindered the research & development and investment of companies. This suggests that the Korean government should establish various governmental support systems and Korean companies should make active research & development efforts.
A Study on the Assessment of Barrier Free Design for Historic-Cultural Street in the Urban Regeneration Area - Focused on the Main Streets nearby Suwon Hwaseong Palace -
Park, Kyoung-Moon ; Cho, Young-Tae ; An, Tae-Sun ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 5, 2016, Pages 51~62
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.5.51
This study evaluated the barrier free(BF) levels and finds improvement measures for the historic-cultural streets in urban regeneration districts. Based on the concepts of BF, the study selected historic-cultural streets the scopes and items of evaluation. The BF evaluation took into consideration the primary and secondary transportation vulnerable users. The results of BF evaluation based on the primary transportation vulnerable users show that there were some significant achievements in the BF aspect in Hwaseomun-ro and Haenggung-ro where the streets environment arrangement project was carried out. But Shinpung-ro left much to be desired in the BF aspect. The results of BF evaluation considered the secondary transportation vulnerable users point to several problems(limitation of mobility due to excessive facilities installed in the pedestrian safety areas in the streets, entrance and exit in public facilities. etc.). Based on the results of BF evaluation, the study proposed improvement measures for a short-, long-term purpose by taking urgency, effectiveness, and economy into consideration to build a strategic foundation to raise the BF level of target streets effectively in the future.
Progress Measurement Model Based on Documents for Pre-Construction Phase of Design Build Project
Jun, Inyeong ; Jin, ZhengXun ; Han, Sangwon ; Hyun, Changtaek ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 5, 2016, Pages 63~71
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.5.63
As the construction project have became larger, more complex and various, it is increasingly and more important to manage the project management such as progress management. A quick and exact progress management can grasp the problem of the projects, further it can make a decision for solving the problem at the right time. Especially, the proper decision in an early phase of design-build project is recognized as one of the important factors for the construction project because it might make a big impact on outcome of the project. It is effective that documents produced by each work, which are relatively quantitative information in the early phase, function as the criteria because quantitative criteria and information is significantly important for the exact schedule management. Therefore, this paper aimed to develop a model for progress measurement during pre-construction stages in design-build project based on documents provided by each work. Drawing the documents and Business Process Structure(BPS) was preceded by analyzing the current regulations and the system for our goal. The authors calculated a work time related weight of documents by using AHP to use for a criterion of progress measurement. Therefore, the model proposed by this paper can effectively grasp and manage a progress each work, which might raise productivity of project management in pre-construction stages.
A Study on the series of 'Marine City' projects of Kiyonori Kikutake
Kwon, Je-Joong ; Baek, Seung-Man ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 5, 2016, Pages 73~82
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.5.73
This study performs the analysis on the 'Marine City' projects of japanese Metabolist Kiyonori Kikutake. With the criticism on their unreality, his projects have been often treated like sci-fi comics. However, Kikutake's 'Marine City' projects have been not the result of simple fantasy, but the radical and systematic challenge for the future city based on socio-cultural realities of the postwar japanese society such as urban reconstruction, rapid economic growth and the traditional debate. Therefore, this paper reestablish the relations which Kikutake's utopian projects had with the socio-cultural context of the time through the analysis on their history of formation, background, object of analogy, characteristics, etc. and again analyses them in terms of the urban cultural crisis of the japanese society. Kikutake's 'Marine City' projects proposes the direction of the future city and architecture through the exhaustive analysis and criticism on the modern architecture and human civilization.
Measuring Elements and Systems for Neighborhood Play Environments - To Establish Survey Research Based for Impact Relationship Analyses -
Park, So-Hyun ; Kim, Hyun-Ju ; Park, Jin-Hee ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 5, 2016, Pages 83~93
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.5.83
This study draws and systemizes the measuring elements, which would quantitatively explain the neighborhood play environment's impacts on children's play. The study was conducted as the following processes. First, it collects all the reviewed elements of neighborhood play environments in the existing studies of domestic and foreign researches. Second, it redefines and systemizes the drawn elements as measuring elements, whose nature would be explained in relation to the children's play activity. Third, it checks the suitability of the measuring elements, based on the conditions of residential neighborhoods in Korea. The measuring elements of neighborhood play environments are systemized as social and physical environments by their natures, and also as places, streets, and regions by their spatial scopes. As the existing studies do not provide proper methods of quantitatively measuring the relationships between play environment and play activity in residential neighborhoods, this study contributes to re-examine as well as to systemize the scopes and the natures of play environments and activities, which expand to the realms of both physical and social elements. This study also contributes to suggest the practical measuring elements and their systems, reflecting the current conditions of residential areas in Korea. Utilizing this study's measuring elements and systems, the up-coming study is to investigate neighborhood play environments' impacts on children's play activities.
Technological Image and Contextual Harmony in Norman Foster's Museums
Lee, Kwan-Seok ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 5, 2016, Pages 95~106
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.5.95
This study focusing on Norman Foster's museums tries to explain the aspects of harmony pursued between the interior/exterior of museums and the surrounding classical contexture while keeping to technological images consistently and tries to show its meaning in the contemporary museum architecture. The results of this research show that, although Foster's museums in three categories(new construction, renovation and extension) should be conceived differently, Foster always applied high technology and new materials to his museums while properly harmonizing traditional preexisting in moderate form, size and internal spaciality of his museums. The efforts to create something richer from both old and new have been thrown into his overall museum projects and Foster was able to maintain technological designs while fitting within classical contexts, both within and outside the building.
Comparison between Premodern Garden Follies and the Folies of the Parc de la Villette
Kim, Ran-Soo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 5, 2016, Pages 107~116
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.5.107
This paper tried to identify postmodern characteristics of follies by comparing major garden follies of the premodern period with the folies of the Parc de la Villette. First, the layout motive of the premodern gardens was based on iconographical allegories in contrast to la Villette on the disjunction of the folies. Second, each layout borrowed its model from the artistical collage of collision or the cinematic montage of collision. Third, as a layout method, the former employed the narrative sequence using prosopopeia while the latter employed the narrative sequence for the cinematic promenade. Fourth, the decoration of the premodern follies tended to symbolize the genius loci, while a series of la Villette folies revealed the de-constructive performance of the cube. In conclusion, these characteristics have in common the postmodern hybridization, potential in the representation of the contemporarily diversified culture.
Introduction of Sociology and Development of "Critical Design" in Architectural Education in France of the 1970s
Lee, Jong-Woo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 5, 2016, Pages 117~125
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.5.117
The purpose of this study was to analyze the interdisciplinary project in architectural education done by primary architectural schools in France in the 1970s. In particular we focus on two parisian schools of architecture (UPA8 and UPA3), as they developed a general pedogogical orientation which can be called "critical design" and be situated between conservative educational tradition of Beaux-Arts and extremely radical orientation of other schools. After primary analysis of pedagogical orientations, we focus on the introduction of sociology and other disciplines in architectural education and their integration in architectural design studio. Although, because of the fundamental difference between architectural design and social sciences, interdisciplinary project in architectural schools had significant difficulties, it helped discard an anti-intellectual definition of architecture long defended by the former education system represented by the Ecole des beaux-arts. We hope this research will provide a reference for a development of interdisciplinary education in architecture in Korea which is in intense phase of reorganisation since the early 2000s.
A Study on Oeyeokki Technique of Traditional Wall
Cho, Young-Min ; Kim, Sang-Hyup ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 5, 2016, Pages 127~134
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.5.127
Oeyeokki to plaster work of Korea Cultural Heritage is proceeding to cinstruction using bamboo as main material. But as a resut of a review Uigwe and various documents, use miscellaneous tree instead of bamboo, many also point the other way construction. Now Oeyeokki using Joonghit, nuloe and seoloe for construction as shaped '井' to base framework, Chosun era used joongkit, gasisae, norubal, Oe. Also confirmed joongkit, norubal, gasisae is composed of joints and custom structural role has. Therefore, we need to consider Oeyeokki work in the Cultural Heritage Corporation actively with the use of gasisae and norubal.
The Study of the Regional Disaster Vulnerability through an Analysis of Damages Buildings by Natural Disaster
Kim, Keum-Ji ; Kim, Ji-Yoon ; Yoon, Seong-Hwan ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 5, 2016, Pages 135~142
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.5.135
The purpose of this study was to prepare baseline data when the government and local government establish building plans for preventing damage with Natural Disaster. so this study draw vulnerability of building in representative area. The characteristics of building damage caused Natural disaster when occurred between 2005 and 2014 at 232 regions in South Korea are analysed by through cities and countries. And with Cluster analysis thorough factor and reliability analysis, it is selected representative regions based on the characteristics of building damage caused Natural disaster. It is analysed with 34 regions which Cluster I is represented from damage with Rainfall, Cluster II is Rainfall-Gale, Cluster III is Snowfall, Cluster IV is Gale, Cluster V is represented by high amount of building damage. As a result of analysis of Cluster Characteristics, it will established the method of building preventing disaster with regional characteristics.
A Study on Classifying Building Energy Consumption Pattern Using Actual Building Energy Data
Woo, Hei-Jee ; Choi, Ki-Won ; Kim, Hyeon Soo ; Auh, Jin Sun ; Cho, Soo Youn ; Baek, Jumi ; Kim, Gi-Seok ; Leigh, Seung-Bok ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 5, 2016, Pages 143~151
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.5.143
The pattern of energy consumption in a building varies based on its characteristic features and the behavior of the occupants; therefore, it is difficult to classify buildings in terms of energy consumption. This study used only outdoor temperature and energy consumption as a parameter to analyze the energy consumption by a building, and thus the approach is different from the conventional methods that use complex computer simulations, data on energy consumptions related to heating cooling, and energy audits etc. First, raw data on the operational schedules of the buildings and internal-external dependency factor are developed as the primary analytical data. The preferred analytical data were categorized into four categories: internal-external factors, energy consumption, operational condition of the building, and energy consumption by outdoor temperature. A matrix that can be used as a relative indicator of a building's energy consumption in relation to its characteristics was also developed in this work. Using this energy pattern matrix, the obtained data could be used for retrofitting buildings, and a classification scheme based on the energy consumption pattern of buildings can be also prepared.