Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Architectural Institute of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 8 - Aug 2016
Volume 32, Issue 7 - Jul 2016
Volume 32, Issue 6 - Jun 2016
Volume 32, Issue 5 - May 2016
Volume 32, Issue 4 - Apr 2016
Volume 32, Issue 3 - Mar 2016
Volume 32, Issue 2 - Feb 2016
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Jan 2016
Selecting the target year
The Design Guideline For Circulation Systems in Mixed-use Complex
Lee, Jin-Kyoung ; Kim, Chan-Ju ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 6, 2016, Pages 3~10
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.6.3
The purpose of the study is to derive the design guideline for circulation system in mixed-use buildings. For the study, an investigation is carried out on building specifications which have submitted to architectural design competitions. Then, circulation elements are extracted by performing theoretical analysis and expert review. Finally, The design guideline are extracted by surveying practicing professionals and factor analysis. The design guidelines are categorized into six items: four circulation elements (path, entrance, central area, and vertical element), facilities, and exterior area. In addition, the following guidelines are derived for circulation system planning: guideline for Direct Connections among circulation elements, guideline for convenient moving of stroller, and guideline for safe evacuation.
A Study on the Analysis of the Publicity for Utilization of Unused Public Facilities - Focused on the invigoration project of the utilization of municipal property for Seoul citizens -
Cho, Yi-Beu ; Lee, Kyung-Hoon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 6, 2016, Pages 11~20
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.6.11
The purpose of this study is to analyze the actual condition for unused public facilities that people use culturally. To get this analysis, the invigoration project of the utilization of municipal property for seoul citizens was needed to be researched, analyzed public characters, and then draw a conclusion. Contents of the study are as in the following. First, deduce character of public evaluation factors through literature review. Second, analyze actual condition of usage for unused public facilities in Seoul. Thrid, analyze character of public for unused public facilities using evaluation categories. Four cultural art facilities that participate in the invigoration project of the utilization of municipal property in Seoul are subject to investigation. Interviews over the phone with persons in charge and several field trips were used for this investigation during the period October 20, 2015 - November 20, 2015. Base on the collected information, proceed a in-depth interview and a field study during the period November 24, 2015 - December 15, 2015. The research results are as in the followings. First, analytical factors are need to be considered not only physical view but also non-physical view to analyze the publicity of unused public facilities. the analytical factors include ownership, restriction, activation, physical position, and operation management according to literature reviews and interviews. Second, publicity is analyzed by regional groups and factors. Third, publicity analysis of the analysis target areas are drawn by its basis, and visualized its advantages and disadvantages by facilities.
The Development of a Method with Pedestrian Tracking Utilizing Video Clips for Passenger Facilities in the Railway Stations
Choi, Jaepil ; Choi, Jun-Ho ; Ahn, Euisoon ; Baek, Soo-Yeon ; Piao, Gen-Song ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 6, 2016, Pages 21~28
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.6.21
The purpose of this study is to develop a methodology to track the behavior of pedestrians in railway station passenger facilities by utilizing video clips. In order to provide comfortable and user-centered passenger facilities, an understanding of the current behavior of passengers should be prioritized through pedestrian tracking surveys. However, because railway stations become congested in a short amount of time, direct observation in situ with a limited number of researchers is difficult. Thus, utilizing video equipments was developed as a methodology for tracking the behavior of pedestrians in railway passenger facilities. This study developed a method for collecting pedestrian behavior data by utilizing video equipments and tracking pedestrian circulation. The pedestrian tracking survey was conducted using this method and applied in an actual railway station. The derived results identify the use patterns and changes in the railway station and reveal the differences with the current standard.
Public Domain Types in Contemporary Neighborhood Unit
Kimm, Woo-Young ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 6, 2016, Pages 29~36
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.6.29
This research of neighborhood units is applied to a range of types of theory and practice in architecture and urbanism investigated from Modernism to contemporary positions covering recently built works and theoretical drawings responding to design issues of community; place or circulation, public or private, figure or ground, architecture or context, and so on. The neighborhood units, modern and contemporary, address a large collection of patterns implemented in many cities or districts that have been in continuous use and still suitable for replication. It is evident that the analysis of the causal chain between neighborhood patterns or urban patterns can provide their primitive concepts of architectural requirements over places as well as times and therefore the rationale for each design concepts incorporated in the patterns can be developed for the activities of urban regeneration in terms of provision, circulation, community and governance. As a two-dimensional map of an urban space describing the relation between built and un-built space, it is used in analysis of neighborhood unit patterns. With Nolli maps denoting public space and block pattern diagrams, the literature review of the figure-ground theory of neighborhood unit types based on the cases in tables is to focus on sequential agenda to carry out each pattern in the period. The main research objectives is to suggest an architectural approach of neighborhood environment for the pedestrian and it is to create an urban environment in which building and space reach to optimum balance with shared dialogue between the public and the private.
Transformation of Measures for Preserving and Utilizing Urban Historical Characteristics in France according to Change of the Historic-Cultural Heritage Concept
Choi, Min-Ah ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 6, 2016, Pages 37~47
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.6.37
The concept of heritage is transformed from esthetic, unique and national concept to ordinary cultures of past times, which enlarges boundary of preservation to ordinary cultural objects, modern industrial architectures and sites, common memories, and traditional skills. This change brought increasement of demands for preservation and utilization of historical and cultural heritage in the city. Thus this study aims to show the transformation of French urban regulations and programs under influence of heritage concept change, which give us implications as follows to enhance historic and cultural characteristics of cities; preservation sectors system needs to be modified so that local governments designate sectors based on laws with central government supports. Connections between historical and cultural preservation operations and urban regulations are required getting strengthened. Modification of regulations are also necessary for elaboration of financial supports system for habitants in preservation sectors and integration of preservation plans into city planning for sustainable development.
A Study on the Meaning of Building Composition of Nine Zen School Temples from late Silla to early Goryeo Era
Han, Ji-Man ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 6, 2016, Pages 49~58
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.6.49
The purpose of this study is to clarify the meaning on architectural history of nine Zen school's building composition, which established from late Silla to early Goryeo era of
century in Korea, through a comparative study with early Chinese Zen Buddhist temple. The building composition in central area of early Chinese Zen Buddhist temples established in early
century, was basically not much different from that of the existing temples. Such building composition form of early Chinese Zen Buddhist temples was introduced to the Silla by Zen priest, and influenced on nine Zen school's building composition which established by them. Therefore the sites of nine Zen school temples remaining in Korea, can be said to have an important meaning in the history of East Asian Buddhism architecture, Since the influence of early Chinese Zen temple is inherent in it.
Han Dynasty Pictorial Tomb Images and the Origin of Oblique Projection in East Asia
Jung, Inha ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 6, 2016, Pages 59~68
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.6.59
Han Dynasty brick and stone reliefs refers to pictures which are chiseled into the surface of bricks or stones to decorate underground tombs, tomb shines and tomb gates. They were a kind of funeral art which largely depicted the scenes of the daily life of the Han aristocracy as well as detailed scenes of peasant life. This study aims to trace back to the origin of parallel oblique projection in East Asia after comparing and analyzing the representational methods of Han stone reliefs, whose production time are relatively identifiable, As the parallel oblique projection became the backbone of East Asian architectural paintings, this attempt to make clear its origin will be useful to figure out the spatial characteristics of East Asian architecture, because graphical representation of space reflects how to cognize surrounding space in the mind.
On the Construction Process of the Ganghwa Anglican Church through the Documents from the Sungkonghoe University Library
Kang, Youngji ; Woo, Don-Son ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 6, 2016, Pages 69~78
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.6.69
The Ganghwa Anglican Church was built by the Anglican Domain of England in 1900 at Ganghwa-eup, Ganghwa Island. It was designated as Historic Site No.424 of Korea in 2001. Since the 1980s, some studies have widely viewed the Church as an outstanding architectural case of indigenization. Yet, the previous findings were largely grounded on lesser positive information, specifically with regards to its construction process. This research investigates its construction process through the historical documents from the Sungkonghoe University Library. The documents, except photographs, have not been reported. This paper aims to clarify and re-examine the architectural characteristics and meanings of the Ganghwa Anglican Church.
A Study on the Planning of City and Nature in the Works of Howard, Le Corbusier and Wright, seen from the Point of View of the Relationship of Landscape and City
Lee, Jae-Young ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 6, 2016, Pages 79~88
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.6.79
This study aims to investigate the characteristics of landscape through an analysis of the relationship between landscape and city and to evaluate the characteristics of the planning of city and nature in the works of Ebenezer Howard, Le Corbusier and Frank Lloyd Wright. Through looking into the historical moments in the pursuit of nature, we can recognize two motives: aesthetical and hygienic. Especially, the aesthetical motive originates from the desire to be toward the outside of the city. That means that the notion of landscape is discovered and evolves from disillusion with the city and that, without the city, the core of the human world, landscape could not be generated. Landscape and city, each other exist in a complementary relationship in the existential dimension. In the light of the fact of this relativity of landscape and city, the characteristics of the planning of city and nature as seen in the works of Howard, Le Corbusier and Wright, are evaluated in terms of the following three categories: the association of urbanity and rurality through the decentralization(Howard), the combination of the urban functionality and natural elements through the centralization(Le Corbusier), and the negation of urbanity and the radical decentralization(Wright).
An Analysis Study on the Propriety of Electricity Contracts Regarding Electricity Consumption Characteristics by types of Small Retail Shop in Seoul
Lee, Eung-Shin ; Kim, Hyun-Ah ; Lee, Myoung-Ju ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 6, 2016, Pages 89~96
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.6.89
This study evaluates the data of energy consumption pertained by Seoul's energy engineers, whom visited 1,919 small businesses in Seoul. Categorizing the businesses into a total of 20 types based on the 9th Korea Standard Industrial Classification System, the amount of electricity consumed by each type of business was compared to their signed electricity contracts in evaluating its propriety. The majority of small businesses in Seoul operate upon a 5kW electricity contract. Comparing the set monthly maximum amount to the actual amount of electricity used, about 25% of such businesses were found to be either assigned to a higher maximum amount than necessary or charged to pay overages by exceeding the amount set by the contract. Such businesses that currently exceed or shortfall the arranged amount should switch to a proper contract through determining the proper amount of electricity needed to reduce both cost and energy usage. As the different types of businesses show different characteristics in energy consumption, it will be necessary to provide an adequate measure or standard accordingly. Although the results of this study may include errors as its data accumulated during the past three years are specifically based upon electricity contracts, continued research of electricity consumption through case studies will allow for determining our present condition in electricity consumption for various architectural criteria.
Analysis and Long-term Change of Energy Intensity of Buildings
Jeong, Young-Sun ; Jung, Hae-Kwon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 6, 2016, Pages 97~104
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.6.97
Energy efficiency is high on the political agenda. There are many countries that have set goals to be less energy-intensive, to consume less energy and to decrease their carbon dioxide emissions. In the final energy consumption of Korea, the building sector accounts for 17.8% of a total energy consumption in 2013. The purpose of this study was to computed the energy intensity of residential building and commercial building using national statistics for building energy policy. Energy intensities are composed of the final energy consumption as numerator and activity data as denominator. Activity data in this study were population, GDP, value added of service sector, number of household & house, number of building mass and floor area. These intensity can be used as a time-series trend analysis and energy efficiency criteria. Energy intensity per floor area in residential building was
in 2013 and was reduced by 43.2% for 1996. Energy intensity per floor area in commercial building was
in 2013 and was reduced by 27% for 1996. The graphs and charts show that the time-series trend of these energy intensity has been consistently low.
Room air Temperature Prediction Model using Genetic Programming and BEMS Data
Suh, Won Jun ; Park, Cheol Soo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 6, 2016, Pages 105~112
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.6.105
Recently, BEMS(Building Energy Management Systems) are widely adopted in large existing buildings and there is a growing interest in applying model-assisted optimal control based on the BEMS data. Unfortunately, current BEMS are used only for measurement, data collection and rule-based operation. It would be ideal if a building's data-driven energy model can be automatically generated out of BEMS data and is used for real-time optimal control. This paper presents such approach that a data-driven genetic programming can be beneficially utilized for automatic development of a room air temperature prediction model. In this study, the room air temperature prediction model was developed and successfully validated using the genetic programming and actual BEMS data. In the paper, pros and cons of the genetic programming approach is discussed.