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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Architectural Institute of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 8 - Aug 2016
Volume 32, Issue 7 - Jul 2016
Volume 32, Issue 6 - Jun 2016
Volume 32, Issue 5 - May 2016
Volume 32, Issue 4 - Apr 2016
Volume 32, Issue 3 - Mar 2016
Volume 32, Issue 2 - Feb 2016
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Jan 2016
Selecting the target year
The Housing Development Directions based on the Housing Needs of Middle-aged Single-person Households
Han, Jee-Hee ; Cheong, So-Yi ; Kim, Hong-Ju ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 7, 2016, Pages 3~12
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.7.3
The purpose of this study was to analyze the housing needs to suggest housing development directions of middle-aged single-person households. To achieve this purpose, residential space usage, needs and consciousness of Housing was investigated. The subject of this study is 20~59 years-aged single-person households who dwells inside the capital area. The results of this study are as follows; 'Single-Nomad' type enjoys single life but passive in relationships with neighbors. So for these people smart design which includes variable plan, intensive plan and storage space plan could be applicable. 'Gold-Senior' type lives a stable life and possesses economic power that multi-family housing complex around the suburb could be planed. 'Student' is a low income type who lives at a rental house that an affordable house, a modular house or a sharing house could be applied.
How Visibility Related Physical Elements of Street affects Burglary? - in Low-rise Residential areas -
Gu, Tae-Yeon ; Jang, Kyung-Ran ; Lee, Myung-Sik ; Jung, Sung-Won ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 7, 2016, Pages 13~20
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.7.13
This paper aims to analyze the effects of street-level visibility on the occurrence of burglaries in multi-family and multi-unit housing areas and provide an evidence-based understanding that would be useful in predicting future crime at finer scales than are usually considered in previous studies. For this, streets in the multi-family and multi-unit housing areas in Seoul, were set as the basic units of analysis, and data on burglaries in the area over 12 month period in 2010 were collected. Considering building, street, spatial and behavior characteristics of street components as independent variables to explain street-level visibility, we carry out visibility graph analysis (VGA), field survey and pedestrian volume counting. The results from multiple logistic regression analysis demonstrate that it is connectivity, volume of pedestrian, rate of the front entrance and visual control that have positive effects on burglary rates, while Integration, whether the CCTV, average of the window and clustering coefficient have negative effects. We discuss further how these empirical results can shed new light on crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED) principles as well as on our understanding of burglary behaviors in multi-family and multi-unit housing areas.
Design Knowledge Classification based BIM Design System Framework - Representation of Building Scale Estimation Design Knowledge -
Woo, Chi-Moon ; Kim, Mi-Kyoung ; Jun, Han-Jong ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 7, 2016, Pages 21~28
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.7.21
The competitiveness of the future society is represented by as knowledge and information society. Such a society is based on the accumulation, utilization and sharing of knowledge and knowledge-based technology. The architectural design process is a problem-seeking and problem-solving, the design process could be analyzed as logical process and the requirements in the design process could be understood as the design knowledge. BIM design which is 3d shape information associated with various properties that can be constructed by incorporating the information has recently attracted attention in the field of architectural design. Integrated information of projects has the potential to be organized into architectural knowledge because it can be reused by digitizing and storing various information. Therefore, BIM platform is effective to integrate architectural design knowledge. In order to implement them in the BIM platform, the procedure will be necessary for the re-classification of information. In addition, the framework for applying them to the system will also be necessary. Also, In order to derive the framework, it is necessary to analyze the existing BIM template reuse cases of development and information. This study will be applied to Design Knowledge classification, after the analysis of the existing template BIM development information and the reusable case. Based on the type of design knowledge through a knowledge of the process of information, after setting the process, it will lead to a framework. This study proposes a framework for knowledge base BIM design by developing of BIM template and add-on for design knowledge representation and logical process.
A Semantic Network Analysis on the Kitchen Discourse in 1920s and 1930s - Focused on the Articles of the Donga Ilbo -
Do, Younjung ; Jeon, BongHee ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 7, 2016, Pages 29~36
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.7.29
The purpose of this study is to analyze the kitchen discourse on the articles of Donga Ilbo from 1920s to 1930s. The semantic network analysis on these articles revealed that the main keyword in the kitchen discourse were 'woman, home, housework, hygiene, health, efficiency, improvement, economy, dirty, maru, maid, daily life, clean, equipment, research' and so on. The importance of the 'woman' concept was related to the modern family discourse under the nation state. Moreover, the results also showed that the 'hygiene' concept had been relatively weakened in 1930s. Instead, the importance of 'efficiency' idea was remarkable in 1930s. The 'efficiency' issue showed the influence of the idea of housework rationalization from western society, as well as Life-betterment campaign under the colonialism.
Support Programs for French Social Housing and Supply Characteristics
Lee, Seong-Keun ; Choi, Min-Ah ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 7, 2016, Pages 37~46
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.7.37
After 2000, each French commune has legal obligation to possess social housing more then 20% of the house stock. So, French central government establish divers legislations and support programs. Current french social housing policy aims to achieve social mix and support divers classes to solve their difficulties on housing. French social housing support programs are differentiated according to household income and housing markets condition. Beyond support for lower bracket, it promotes also purchase social housing and supply intermediate house for middle bracket. Therefore this study intends to examine systems and characteristics of french social housing and shows implications to Korean social housing policies.
A Study on the Development of Asset-Database for Efficient Asset Management of Public Buildings
Park, Hye-Mi ; Seong, Nam Chul ; Kim, Jee-Hern ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 7, 2016, Pages 47~55
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.7.47
In this study, it proceed with resister establishment of public building as social property for effective asset management. Public building asset management plan for resister establishment is structured three step. First step is fundamental basic studies that they are classification of building structural elements, statement of building asset, registration of information data and database establishment. As a result, main problems of data in case of public buildings had begun to lost of information for example, missing backup copy and insufficiency of data storage. so, it is necessary to establish technical resister for effective building asset management. It has to consider level of service, risk management, strategy of maintenance in public building asset management plan. It will discuss to make up for the weak points to establish technical resister and to plan the other buildings asset management based first step as fundamental basic in the further study.
An Empirical Study on the Prediction of Office Market Using Panel Simultaneous Equation
Chun, Hae-Jung ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 7, 2016, Pages 57~64
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.7.57
This study analyzed and predicted the office market by composing a panel simultaneous equation using office data and macroeconomic variables of downtown area of Seoul-si, Gangnam district, and Mapo/Yeouido district from second quarter of 2003 to 4th quarter of 2014. This study set office vacancy rate, office maintenance fee, CD interest rate, and index of industrial product as the influencing variables on office rental price, and set office rental price, commercial building start results, and unemployment rate as the influencing variables on office vacancy rate. According to the analysis result, it was identified that vacancy rate and CD interest rate make statistically negative effect and maintenance fee makes positive effect on office rental price, and whereas rental price fell 0.016% when vacancy rate increased 1%, the rental price increased by 1.732% when maintenance fee increased 1% and index of industrial product appeared to have very little influence. It was verified that rental price, commercial building start results, and unemployment rate made statistically significant positive effect on office vacancy rate, vacancy rate increased 2.199% when rental price increased 1%, vacancy rate increased 2.285% when building start result increased 1%, and vacance rate increased 1.363% when unemployment rate increased 1%.
A Study on the Development of Multi-agent-based Model Searching Crime Risk Spots in School Zone Streets
Kweon, Jihoon ; Lee, Kyung-Hoon ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 7, 2016, Pages 65~73
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.7.65
The purpose of this study was to develop a multi-agent-based model searching crime risk spots in school zone streets. The specific location data with crime risk have been were hardly, as meso-scale or local space, identified within school zone streets. The review of precedent studies on school zone crimes, situational crime theories and agent-based modeling and simulation approaches related to crime situations suggested directions of the development. Overall process included four parts; data input, modeling, simulation and result recording. Two networks representing walkways and vehicular roads considering agents' travel methods and the use types of facilities configured a combined spatial network model. GIS system linked to the model enabled it to derive data for spatial networks and the facility use types. Students, attackers, school staffs, police officers driving patrol cars, police stations and pedestrians were implemented as behavioral agents composing crime situations. Finally, a spatio-temporal simulation of the proposed model searching crime risk spots in school zone streets was able to specify the spots with potential crime situations. This study also applied the implemented model and the simulation procedure to an existing school zone conditions and found crime risk spots frequently identified from a field survey on the area.
General Characteristic of Buddhist Architecture of Goryeo Dynasty - based on the excavated temple sites and the motivation of construction -
Seok, Joon-ho ; Kim, Sung-Woo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 7, 2016, Pages 75~84
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.7.75
Research on the Buddhist architecture of Goryeo Dynasty has not been active enough compared to the case of earlier development such as Three Kingdoms and Unified Silla Period. This paper aims to identify the general nature of temple architecture of Goryeo Dynasty focusing on the site condition of ruined temples as well as the background motivation of temple construction. The research was based on both excavational and literary materials. More than 40 excavated temple sites were investigated discussing on the issues such as dates of construction, scale of the site, locational condition, and so on. These information were analysed based on the viewpoints like background motivation of the temple construction and periodical pattern of change. This research, at least, can provide useful base of historical development for the future study of Goryeo Buddhist architecture. This research, too, is earlier step which will be followed by consecutive publications in the near future on the architectural development of Buddhist architecture of Goryeo Dynasty.
Segwon Jeong's Hanok District Developments in 31 and 33 Gahoe-dong, Seoul during the Japanese Colonial Period
Lee, Kyung-Ah ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 7, 2016, Pages 85~96
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.7.85
The purpose of this study was to determine universality and specificity of 31 and 33 Gahoedong, Seoul, which was developed by Segwon Jeong. In Gahoedong, he made south-north direction roads and south-north long blocks and built ㄷ-shaped hanoks which came from Utbangkeokeumjip of Gyeonggi style house like general hanok subdivisions. On the other hand, he divided blocks into lots differently and created various plans such as concentrated-room layout and h-shaped layout unlike other urban hanoks. He tried to improve traditional hanok and experiment new type hanoks in 31 and 33 Gahoedong and it gives the area its own universality and specificity.
Construction of "Hyangdan-style(香壇型)" Residences in the Joseon Period's Early Half, and Characteristics in their Spacial Compartmentalization
Lee, Jong-Seo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 7, 2016, Pages 97~104
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.7.97
This article categorizes five residences including Hyangdan(香壇) as 'Hyangdan-style'. The reason for this categorization is that the central structures of these houses, called 'Jeongchim(正寢)" or 'Jungdang(中堂'), are positioned on the North-Shouth axis line. Both ends of the central section are connected with corridor-styled Nangmu in order to secure extra space. The left and right spaces of the 'central section' is designated as spaces for male and female respectively, of which the latter space was particularly closed to the outside. It seems that these residences were built in a period when the 'Sarang[舍廊 斜廊]' space and the 'Daecheong(大廳)' floor (bedroom and hall for males, respectively) were disconnected and considered as different spaces. Among all the 'Hyangdan-style' residences, only Hyangdan has maintained its original structure. While it has some similarities with other Hyangdan-style residences, it differs in a sense that it maintains the early form of architecture when Sarang and Daechung began to merge into Sarangche.
Factors Affecting the Spatial Clustering Pattern of Major Office Buildings in Seoul : Changing Impacts between 2003 and 2012
Lee, Jae-Su ; Jun, Jae-Bum ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 7, 2016, Pages 105~113
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.7.105
The study intends to examine changing patterns of spatial clustering or hotspots of major office buildings developed between 2003 and 2012 in the Seoul. It also investigates the impacts of factors on the location of hot spots. To achieve them, a database of major office buildings is built up based on Geographic Information System. Major findings are as follows. First, total floor area has augmented by 4 percent per annum. Total floor area of prime office buildings are inclined to grow faster than that of others. Second, they tend to be located in three major urban centers. Hotspot analysis represents extensive hotspot areas around them in 2003. In 2012, hotspots in the urban centers are maintained or expanded; various metropolitan and region centers are spatially stretched out. Third, Logit model shows that employment density, employment density of FIRE sector, proportion of redevelopment zone, proportion of commercial zone, proportion of subway-oriented area have significantly positive impacts on the chance of hotspot area. It implies both physical infrastructure and public planning initiatives are important for promoting urban centers. It is needed to establish an official database of office buildings and monitor land use changes.
The Analysis of Evaluation Results for the Central City Revitalization in Japan - Focused on Features According to the Population Size and the Correlation between the Indicators -
Song, Ki-Baek ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 7, 2016, Pages 115~122
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.7.115
The purpose of this study is to analyze the actual situation of evaluation realities focused on feature of the indicator selected in accordance with the city size and the correlation between the indicators on central city revitalization of Japan to draw some lessons for the Korean system. The study analyzed follow up reports in 96 areas of Japan. As a result, the study found various conditions, the first is the trend for the selection and the numerical change of evaluation indicators according to population size of the center city. The second is actual situation about correlation between indicators such as proportional or inversely proportional associated with the improvement of them.
Study of Remodified Split Flux Method with Various Sky Conditions and External Obstructions
Yun, Su-In ; Kim, Kang-Soo ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 7, 2016, Pages 123~130
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.7.123
It is important to understand the distribution of luminance of the sky as accurately as possible. The purpose of this study is to modify split flux method, formulae for daylight factor(DF), with variable sky conditions and obstructions. Split flux method has been modified continuously through a number of previous studies. And several studies had also applied this formula not only to the CIE overcast sky but also to the other CIE standard skies. CIE standard skies are studied based on measurement data of real sky. In existing research of split flux, there was no direct sun component in SC(Sky component). So there are 4 cases to modify split flux method with direct sky component, and best case is picked to compare with Desktop radiance program. And also obstructions threw a shadow over 145 sky patchs for the consideration of external obstruction. As a result, the outputs of remodified formulae are improved and outputs of considering external obstruction are enhanced.
Evaluation on the Thermal Environment for Condensation Problem Diagnosis around Built-in Furniture of Apartment Buildings in Winter
Lee, Hyun-Hwa ; Oh, Hae-Rin ; Lim, Jae-Han ; Song, Seung-Yeong ;
Journal of the architectural institute of Korea planning & design, volume 32, issue 7, 2016, Pages 131~140
DOI : 10.5659/JAIK_PD.2016.32.7.131
Recently, the condensation and mold problems of apartment buildings has been growing due to high insulation and high air-tightness performance for energy saving. Most of all, occupants in residential buildings has suffered from property damages due to the condensation and mold of built-in furniture. Condensation at built-in furniture were generally found in winter at the of furniture's back panels, adjacent surfaces of wall, floor and ceiling. These problems are related to the weather conditions and indoor room conditions in winter. To understand these condensation problems, it is necessary to investigate the thermal environment around the built-in furniture and living spaces in winter. The aim of paper is to analyze the characteristics of adjacent area around built-in furniture's condensation problem and the thermal environment around the built-in furniture in winter through the field measurements at apartment buildings. In this research, the thermal conditions around the built-in furniture were measured during winter season. In results, it is important to consider increasing surface temperature for higher
and decreasing absolute humidity due to the occupants' behavior around built-in furniture for preventing condensation.