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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
Architectural Institute of Korea
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Volume 10, Issue 2 - Jul 2008
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Jan 2008
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Modification on Movable Storage Furniture by Non-specialist - In the KYUDOGAKUSHA Housing Renovation -
YI, Yongkyu ; TAKADA, Mitsuo ;
Architectural research, volume 10, issue 2, 2008, Pages 1~10
The study is to find possibilities and problems of a small-scale modification on movable storage furniture as an answer to the residents' needs. The study selected one of the renovated housing units at "KYUDOGAKUSHA" as a case study. "KYUDOGAKUSHA" was designed by architect Takeda Goichi in 1926 and was renovated in 2006. The study investigates major two aspects of movable storage furniture, which includes the furniture's layout planning and technical issues of assembling and moving moveable storage furniture. The experimental test result shows that, 1) It is clear that island type of movable storage furniture's layout can facilitate the residents'small-scale modification even though the residents are untrained. 2) To increase the assembling efficiency, the study found that it is necessary to improve the movable storage furniture's casters so that furniture can rotate. Certain moveable furniture which played a role as a connector between other furniture pieces was not able to move vertically and caused a load on other connected furniture; this needed an improvement.
A Study on Affordance Dimensions of Digital Services for the Elderly through the Analysis of Senior Adults' Daily Activities
Park, Soobeen ;
Architectural research, volume 10, issue 2, 2008, Pages 11~20
Designing environments for the elderly includes studying changes in the elderly themselves, changes in their environment, and changes in the intercommunication between the elderly and their environment. The purpose of this study is to provide guidelines for a ubiquitous environment in which seniors can "age in place," using an environment-behavioral approach. 305 subjects aged 45 to 78 take part in the survey research. Temporal sequence (age groups) and behavior (daily activities) are considered as the significant variables to design digital services for the elderly in the perspective of an environment-behavioral approach. Several conclusions can be made. (1) The characteristics of subjects in the over-65 age group shows that they manage an independent lifestyle even if they realize some body functions deteriorate as they age. (2) Over-65 age group is more engaged in healthcare and pastime activities. The male subjects of it are most inactive. (3) The IDA (importance of daily activities) and FDA (frequency of daily activities) are classified by five to six factors in each group. The IDA and FDA of the group aged over 65 differ from other age groups. (4) Five affordance dimensions of digital services for the elderly are proposed: Healthcare, Domesticity, Mobility & Security, Network, and Recreation & Pastime. These affordance dimensions will help research groups or companies design ubiquitous environments to enhance the quality of life of seniors.
Expansion of Measured Static and Dynamic Data as Basic Information for Damage Detection
Eun, Hee-Chang ; Lee, Min-Su ; Chung, Chang-Yong ; Kwak, No-Hyun ;
Architectural research, volume 10, issue 2, 2008, Pages 21~26
The number of measured degrees of freedom for detecting the damage of any structures is usually less than the number of model degrees of freedom. It is necessary to expand the measured data to full set of model degrees of freedom for updating modal data. This study presents the expansion methods to estimate all static displacements and dynamic modal data of finite element model from the measured data. The static and dynamic methods are derived by minimizing the variation of the potential energy and the Gauss's function, respectively. The applications illustrate the validity of the proposed methods. It is observed that the numerical results obtained by the static approach correspond with the Guyan condensation method and the derived static and dynamic approaches provide the fundamental idea for damage detection.
Confining Effect of Mortar-filled Steel Pipe Splice
Kim, Hyong-Kee ;
Architectural research, volume 10, issue 2, 2008, Pages 27~35
Because of several advantages of mortar-filled sleeve splice in reinforced concrete buildings, this method is being applied increasingly at construction sites and various methods of the splice have been developed in Korea and other countries. In order to apply this system in the field, studies on mortar-filled sleeve splice have been mainly experimental research focused on overall structural performance. However, for understanding the structural characteristics of this splice more accurately, we need to study the confining effect of sleeve, which is known to affect bond strength between filling mortar and reinforcing bar, the most important structural elements of the bar splice. Thus, in order to examine the confinement effect of mortar-filled steel pipe sleeve splice, the present study prepared actual-size specimens of steel pipe sleeve splice, and conducted a loading. Using the test results, we analyzed how the confining effect of steel pipe sleeve affects the bond strength of this splice and obtained data for developing more reasonable methods of designing the splice of reinforcement.
An Analytic Method for the Residual Strength Evaluation of Fire-Damaged Reinforced Concrete Beam
Park, Won-jun ; Park, Ki-bong ; Lee, Han-seung ;
Architectural research, volume 10, issue 2, 2008, Pages 37~42
This study is to get the proper evaluation of the residual property of reinforced concrete beam exposed to fire. This study focused on the strength resistance and analytical evaluation of RC members exposed high temperature. And this study is the basis analytical research to conduct the other studies. To analysis by the finite element method, the Total-RC program was used to analysis it and the Total-Temp program was also used to analysis the temperature distributions at the section. All of results were compared with the pre-existing experimental data of simple supported beam. Using it, the parameters influencing the structural capacity of the high temperature-damaged RC members and residual strength estimation are investigated. The temperature distribution and the structural capacity at the section are calculated in this step. An application of this method is compared with the heating test result and residual property test for simple supported beam which is subjected to ISO 834 test fire. The results of this study are as follows; 1) The loads-displacement relationship of RC beam, considering initial thermal stress of cross section and heat transfer analysis are estimated comparing analytical value with pre-existing experimental results. 2) by the heating time (0, 1, 2 hours), the results of analysis with parameters show that the load capacity exposing at fire is affected.