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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Architectural Institute of Korea
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Volume 11, Issue 2 - Jul 2009
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Jan 2009
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Human-Environmental Ecological City - The Ecoumenal City -
Baek, Seungman ;
Architectural research, volume 11, issue 1, 2009, Pages 1~6
While the ideal universality of the modern period has achieved outstanding results in terms of establishing sanitary cities in contemporary urban environments, it has caused the decline of the genius loci. This study raises the question of the lost sense of place and proposes a solution, 'The Human-Environmental Ecological City'. The Human-Environmental Ecological City, called 'Ecoumenal City', does not provide a fake idealism with the conclusion of modernity of non-place or sense of place without modernity. It is both cosmological and geogenic, and the technology of the time is projected onto it human-environmentally. It does not pursue any more a urban planning as the overall work of an individual, but it aims at a balance rediscovered through the individual spontaneousness.
Damping Identification Analysis of Membrane Structures under the Wind Load by Wavelet Transform
Han, Sang-Eul ; Hou, Xiao-Wu ;
Architectural research, volume 11, issue 1, 2009, Pages 7~14
In this paper, we take advantage of Wavelet Transform to identify damping ratios of membrane structures under wind action. Due to the lightweight and flexibility of membrane structures, they are very sensitive to the wind load, and show a type of fluid-structure interaction phenomenon simultaneously. In this study, we firstly obtain the responses of an air-supported membrane structure by ADINA with the consideration of this characteristic, and then conduct Wavelet Transform on these responses. Based on the Wavelet Transform, damping ratios could be obtained from the slope of Wavelet Transform in a semi-logarithmic scale at a certain dilation coefficient. According to this principle, damping ratios could eventually be obtained. There are two numerical examples in this study. The first one is a simulated signal, which is used to verify the accuracy of the Wavelet Transform method. The second one is an air-supported membrane structure under wind action, damping ratios obtained from this method is about 0.05~0.09. The Wavelet Transform method could be regarded as a very good method for the the damping analysis, especially for the large spatial structures whose natural frequencies are closely spaced.
Three-dimensional Topology Optimization using the CATO Algorithm
LEE, Sang Jin ; BAE, Jung Eun ;
Architectural research, volume 11, issue 1, 2009, Pages 15~23
An application of the constrained adaptive topology optimization (CATO) algorithm is described for three-dimensional topology optimization of engineering structures. The enhanced assumed strain lower order solid finite element (FE) is used to evaluate the values of objective and constraint functions required in optimization process. The strain energy (SE) terms such as elastic and modal SEs are employed as the objective function to be minimized and the initial volume of structures is introduced as the constraint function. The SIMP model is adopted to facilitate the material redistribution and also to produce clearer and more distinct structural topologies. The linearly weighted objective function is introduced to consider both static and dynamic characteristics of structures. Several numerical tests are tackled and it is used to investigate the performance of the proposed three-dimensional topology optimization process. From numerical results, it is found to be that the CATO algorithm is easy to implement and extremely applicable to produce the reasonable optimum topologies for three dimensional optimization problems.
Mechanical Properties of Hwangtoh-Based Alkali-Activated Concrete
Yang, Keun-Hyeok ; Hwang, Hey-Zoo ; Lee, Seol ;
Architectural research, volume 11, issue 1, 2009, Pages 25~33
This study presents the testing of 15 hwangtoh-based cementless concrete mixes to explore the significance and limitations of the development of eco-friendly concrete without carbon dioxide emissions while maintaining various beneficial effects. Hwangtoh, which is a kind of kaolin, was incorporated with inorganic materials, such as calcium hydroxide, to produce a cement-less binder. The main variables investigated were the water-to-binder ratio and fine aggregate-to-total aggregate ratio to ascertain the reliable mixing design of hwangtoh-based cementless concrete. The variation of slump with elapsed time was recorded in fresh concrete specimens. Mechanical properties of hardened concrete were also measured: including compressive strength gain, splitting tensile strength, moduli of rupture and elasticity, stress-strain relationship, and bond resistance. In addition, mechanical properties of hwangtoh-based cement-less concrete were compared with those of ordinary portland cement (OPC) concrete and predictions obtained from the design equations specified in ACI 318-05 and CEB-FIP for OPC concrete, wherever possible. Test results show that the mechanical properties of hwangtoh-based concrete were significantly influenced by the water-to-binder ratio and to less extend by fine aggregate-to-total aggregate ratio. The moduli of rupture and elasticity of hwangtoh-based concrete were generally lower than those of OPC concrete. In addition, the stress-strain and bond stress-slip relationships measured from hwangtoh-based concrete showed little agreement with the design model specified in CEB-FIP. However, the measured moduli of rupture and elasticity, and bond strength were higher than those given in ACI 318-05 and CEB-FIP. Overall, the test results suggest that the hwangtoh-based concrete shows highly effective performance and great potential as an environmental-friendly building material.