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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
Architectural Institute of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Dec 2010
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Jun 2010
Selecting the target year
Utilization of Scientific Method as a Tool of Architectural Design
Yi, Yong-Kyu ; Yi, Yun-Kyu ;
Architectural research, volume 12, issue 2, 2010, Pages 1~7
DOI : 10.5659/AIKAR.2010.12.2.1
Science (natural science) is the systematic attempt to understand and interpret the nature phenomenon. For this reason, architects have used science to adapt nature to their design. With the rise of modern science, architecture became more closely related with science. Science available to develop new technology for architecture and it influenced architect`s idea and concept. Symbolically, Architects use method or process of science to generate building form. The Rules of compositing particles in the chemistry or DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) in the biology are used to generate a form of building. Literally, Architects use technology as a tool of science to improve physical performance of architecture. Like mathematical understanding of structure load enabled people to construct enclosure without columns or any of support system inside of architecture. Still natural phenomenon is not fully understood as science and science is still discovering a new phenomenon or changing its theory to adapt new discovery. New discovery or limitation of science influenced architecture throughout the history. This paper is to discuss how architectural theories are rest upon idea set forth by science. In addition, how technology as a tool of science has been utilized in architecture.
Exploring Integrated Design Strategies for the Optimal Use of BIM
Park, Hyoung-June ; Lee, Ji-Hyun ;
Architectural research, volume 12, issue 2, 2010, Pages 9~14
DOI : 10.5659/AIKAR.2010.12.2.9
This paper introduces an experimental design studio that explores the optimal use of current digital technologies in order to employ Building Information Modeling at the early phase of design process. Based upon the outcomes from the aforementioned studio, the paper discusses the integrated design strategies for BIM in the design process. In this paper, BIM is proposed as a design tool that increases an overal design productivity more effectively and efficiently compared to BIM as a construction tool with encouraging a design communication among different partakers in the design process.
Developing an User Location Prediction Model for Ubiquitous Computing based on a Spatial Information Management Technique
Choi, Jin-Won ; Lee, Yung-Il ;
Architectural research, volume 12, issue 2, 2010, Pages 15~22
DOI : 10.5659/AIKAR.2010.12.2.15
Our prediction model is based on the development of "Semantic Location Model." It embodies geometrical and topological information which can increase the efficiency in prediction and make it easy to manipulate the prediction model. Data mining is being implemented to extract the inhabitant`s location patterns generated day by day. As a result, the self-learning system will be able to semantically predict the inhabitant`s location in advance. This context-aware system brings about the key component of the ubiquitous computing environment. First, we explain the semantic location model and data mining methods. Then the location prediction model for the ubiquitous computing system is described in details. Finally, the prototype system is introduced to demonstrate and evaluate our prediction model.
Restoration of Tactility of Architectural Glass: Perceptual & Sensible Tactility - Focused on the Analysis of Laminata Glass House -
Kim, Sung-Wook ; Kim, Do-Sik ;
Architectural research, volume 12, issue 2, 2010, Pages 23~30
DOI : 10.5659/AIKAR.2010.12.2.23
The study of the expression of architectural glass has recently expanded due to various factors such as the development of architectural technology, the reinforcement of environmental standards, an increased interest in energy saving, and the commercialism of the exterior of buildings. The background for restoring the tactile capability of the sense of sight has been prepared by agitating oculocentricism pertaining to the Renaissance era. The restoration of tactility can be considered in two ways. One is the tactility `perceived` through complex experiences and the other is the tactility `sensed` from the challenges on the materiality of the glass itself. Perceptual tactility is achieved from compound visual experiences and connecting these complex experiences in the brain. Sensible tactility, in contrast to perceptual tactility, is a more direct tactility which works within the nervous system, bypassing the brain. This is attained by reversion of the materiality, tectonics and connection method of the glass. Among rare examples, Laminata House built in Leerdam, Netherlands is a fine example of direct and sensible tactility. In this paper, the process of restoring tactility in architecture is studied at each stage based on the restoration of tactility in painterly aesthetics.
Analysis of Innovative/ Self-initiated Play Spaces within Present Community Conditions Understood by Children - Focused on the Middle Childhood -
Yoon, Sarah So-Jung ; Lee, Kyung-Hoon ;
Architectural research, volume 12, issue 2, 2010, Pages 31~40
DOI : 10.5659/AIKAR.2010.12.2.31
The main objective of this study is to investigate the perception, recognition and response of innovative/ self-initiated play and its correlation to play space and play environment understood by children in their middle childhood years. Play, play theory, and the acceptance of play have an important role in child development. In recent years, play and the importance of innovative/ self-initiated play have been associated with a number of important societal issues. The impact of play and/or lack of play during the developmental stages of childhood directly influence a child`s ability to mature and adapt into society. In order to investigate the overall perceptions of play and play space among the average child in their middle childhood, a questionnaire survey was distributed and analyzed using SSPS 15.0. This survey was conducted within the site specific context of South Korea. Interestingly enough, the differences in the responses can be organized into three main categories: age, gender and housing type. In result different directions for further study and research for future play spaces and play environments that support innovated/ self-initiated play have been suggested.
A Comparative Study on Research Strategies for the Architectural Design Evaluation
Han, Seung-Hoon ; Moon, Jin-Woo ;
Architectural research, volume 12, issue 2, 2010, Pages 41~52
DOI : 10.5659/AIKAR.2010.12.2.41
The aim of this paper is to evaluate the methodological strategies for the architectural design field of study mainly focused on qualitative and quantitative research designs. Firstly, this paper addresses the characteristics of the six approaches including their methodological aspects in general. Each strategy is assessed by the different approaches to give full insights in it. Secondly, it distinguishes the differences among six research approaches especially derived from qualitative and quantitative research designs. The differences are discussed in terms of the strengths and weaknesses of each strategy. Finally, this paper attempts to discuss about possible applications for introducing approaches to the research topic with which the exemplified research topic, a design evaluation system, deals. To investigate the applicability of the design methods employed, the following topic has been stated; how to develop a design evaluation system and what to be considered for unfolding the thrown topic in terms of strategic approaches in the field of architectural design researches reviewed through the study.
A Study on Design Preference for the Sales Spaces of Duty-Free Shops by the Examination of Image Evaluation - Cases of Duty-Free Shops in Jeju Special Self-governing Province -
Moon, Jung-Eun ; Kim, Bong-Ae ;
Architectural research, volume 12, issue 2, 2010, Pages 53~62
DOI : 10.5659/AIKAR.2010.12.2.53
The purpose of this study is to examine design preferences for the sales spaces of duty-free shops (DFSs) by conducting image evaluations. The results will help improve quality by influencing designs for the construction, extension or remodeling of these shops. An image measurement method, the semantic differential method, was used to measure cognitive structure using photos of shops. Photos were collected of the DFS at Jeju Island, as well as photos of brand stores designed by architects. Two sets of 16 photos (32 different photos in all) were selected according to photo classification standards and design concepts, both decided by reviewing previous studies and related materials. The evaluation and survey were done by two sets of subjects: sales employees, who have experience and special knowledge of the evaluation of sales space; and students majoring in architecture. To strengthen the evaluation results, I conducted a preliminary survey and a main survey, verifying and complementing findings. 116 surveys were conducted, of which 14 were of poor quality and rejected, leaving and 102 to be analyzed. The collected surveys were statistically analyzed, using SPSS 12.0 for Windows. Reliability, image profile, factor and multi-dimensional scaling analyses were conducted. As a result, image evaluation structure and characteristics were obtained for sales spaces of DFSs, confirming the difference between them and other spaces.
Keeping A Community Sustainable: Development of Affordable Housing for the Elderly in Nonmetropolitan Areas
Lee, Hyun-Jeong ;
Architectural research, volume 12, issue 2, 2010, Pages 63~72
DOI : 10.5659/AIKAR.2010.12.2.63
Affordable housing has been a critical issue in the face of global economy and notably formulated a crucial agenda of the housing policy. While each local government seriously considers many approaches to providing affordable housing, a unique and innovative way to address it at a community level is fully uncovered, particularly nonmetropolitan areas where resources for economic development are limited and vulnerable. The purpose of this study is to examine the mechanism of the provision of affordable housing for the elderly in nonmetropolitan areas. In doing so, this research investigates the housing development and delineates it as one viable solution that stimulates local communities. The affordable housing development, as a viable option to spur local development and vibrate community, is closely reviewed, and the factors to make it feasible are drawn. The findings indicate that it is widely recognized that keeping the elderly in the community positively contributes to maintaining a sustainable community. In fact, the idea of affordable housing development for middle-class elderly people is brought by one inspired long-time resident, and it is expedited by the consensus and cohesion of local community. The development stimulates local businesses in relation to housing, and all homes sold by the elderly moving in the new housing are available for young families. Also, the presence of affordable housing for the elderly who are able to independently live is extended to a picture of aging-in-place at a broader level.
Residential Satisfaction of the Elderly in Cooperatively Owned Housing and Rental Housing
Lee, Hyun-Jeong ;
Architectural research, volume 12, issue 2, 2010, Pages 73~83
DOI : 10.5659/AIKAR.2010.12.2.73
Aging is accompanied with numerous transitions in life, and residential environment becomes a pivotal part of the elderly`s lives. Physically supportive housing linked with services emerges in midst of the reality that retrofitting housing with special features has been seriously underfunded. The purpose of this study was to examine the residential satisfaction of the elderly in two types of independent living arrangements specially designed for the elderly. The indices of residential supportiveness were developed, and the questionnaire survey was adopted for data collection. Two hundred eighty residents living in two different kinds of senior housing participated in the survey, and all the collected responses were used for data analysis. The finding showed that almost all of the elderly positively assessed their senior living. That is, the statistical analysis illustrated that satisfaction indices of senior living significantly and positively contributed the satisfaction with overall residential environment. Satisfaction with physical environment was the only strong predictor in explaining current residential satisfaction of the elderly in senior rental housing, and accounted for a small proportion of the variance in the dependent variable. Since affordability was the biggest concern among residents in senior housing, it was of significance that long-term housing affordability was ensured and reduction in service cost by utilizing economies of scale was pursued.
A Knowledge-based Fuzzy Multi-criteria Evaluation Model of Construction Robotic Systems
Yoo, Wi-Sung ;
Architectural research, volume 12, issue 2, 2010, Pages 85~92
DOI : 10.5659/AIKAR.2010.12.2.85
In recent years, construction projects have been forced to cope with lack of skilled labor and increasing hazard circumstance of human operations. A construction robotic system has been frequently accomplished as one alterative for overcoming these difficulties in increasing construction quality, enhancing productivity, and improving safety. However, while the complexity of such a system increases, there are few ways to carry out an assessment of the system. This paper introduces a knowledge-based multi-criteria decision-making process to assist decision makers in systematically evaluating an automated system for a given project and quantifying its system performance index. The model employs linguistic terms and fuzzy numbers in attempts to deal with the vagueness inherent in experts` or decision makers` subjective opinions, considering the contribution resulted from their knowledge on a decision problem. As an illustrative case, the system, called Robotic-based Construction Automation, for constructing steel erection of high-rise buildings was applied into this model. The results show the model`s capacities and imply the application to other extended types of construction robotic systems.
Numerical Simulation of the Elastic Moduli of Cement Paste As a Three Dimensional Unit Cell
Park, Ki-Bong ;
Architectural research, volume 12, issue 2, 2010, Pages 93~98
DOI : 10.5659/AIKAR.2010.12.2.93
This paper describes a numerical method for estimating the elastic moduli of cement paste. The cement paste is modeled as a unit cell which consists of three components: the unhydrated cement grain, the gel, and the capillary pore. In the unit cell, the volume fractions of the constituents are quantified using a single kinetic function calculating the degree of hydration. The elastic moduli of cement paste are calculated from the total displacements of constituents when a uniform pressure is applied to the gel contact area. The cement paste is assumed to be a homogenous isotropic matrix. Numerical simulations were conducted through the finite element analysis of the three-dimensional periodic unit cell. The model predictions are compared with experimental results. The predicted trends are in good agreement with experimental observations. This approach and some of the results might also be relevant for other technical applications.