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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Architectural Institute of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Dec 2014
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Sep 2014
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Jun 2014
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Mar 2014
Selecting the target year
ASEAN Sculpture Garden and Typology of Space: An Evaluative Study of The Park's Failure
Ibrahim, Yuhanis ; Yoon, Jiyoung ;
Architectural research, volume 16, issue 2, 2014, Pages 37~44
DOI : 10.5659/AIKAR.2014.16.2.37
Utilizing spaces for awareness could be superficially noble. However, the typology of spaces played an important role in addressing the awareness of translating the messages through tangible forms, which in this context are sculptures. Assuring the efficacy of the typology of the spaces that is compatible with the content is important to ensure its timelessness to the dynamic demographical change of viewers. Therefore, the study proposes an investigation of the efficacy of typology of public urban space; garden that accommodates memorial sculptures. The study intends to analyze the features and flaws of ASEAN Sculpture Garden, as a mediatory role of ASEAN in instilling awareness of unity between ASEAN members to the public. The objective of the study is to analyze the efficacy of the garden to accommodate the rich memorial sculptures. The body of the research is formed by theoretical and case study research. It is projected by three methods; archival research, semi structured interviews and site documentation; direct observations and site visit. The qualitative data then will be analysed using Actor Network theory, keyword coding and site findings. Findings showed that as the main objective of the garden is to exhibit the sculptures, it could be summed up that it has failed to meet the apparent intention based on the site analysis conducted by the researcher. The typology of the space should be able to communicate the project's aims continuously rather than serving the function temporarily. The variables, which are space and time factors are debatable, as the neighboring tourist spot, National Monument residing the wide square managed to attract public attention due to its great efficacy of typological space regardless the time factor. As a conclusion, the typology of space is a huge factor to ensure the park's success.
Revisiting the Vāstupuruṣamaṇḍala in Hindu Temples, and Its Meanings
Kim, Young Jae ;
Architectural research, volume 16, issue 2, 2014, Pages 45~56
DOI : 10.5659/AIKAR.2014.16.2.45
The objective of this article, positively recognizing existing researches, is to revisit some aspects regarding the Vāstupuruṣamaṇḍala with a square grid work which is a fundamental planning guideline to control the construction of a Hindu temple and a mathematical doctrine to lead ritual programs. Hence, this paper suggests some reservations as to certain details such as temple constructions. In order to lay hold on its meaning, this paper touches upon the specific matters about the Vāstupuruṣamaṇḍala in the building construction of Hindu temples, which set out to shed light on four concerns; first, it explores the formation process of the Vāstupuruṣamaṇḍala in concert with the evolution of Hindu temples over time; second, it considers differences and similarities in comparison with other texts intimately articulated with the construction of temples, and then understands the relationship between their local languages and applications to the Vāstupuruṣamaṇḍala; third, it examines the symbolic and sanctified process of the temple's construction on the Vāstupuruṣamaṇḍala grids with two- or three-dimensional computer graphics (by means of the Auto Cad and Rhino tools), invisibly situating the divinities within it and illuminating the roles of ornamentation in the structural terms of temples; fourth, it presents that there are another rules on the building construction based upon architect-priest's craftsmanship skilled as a stonemason or a carpenter in the manual processes of the temples' construction for proper measurements and truncations of stone and wood closely linked together structural stability of completed temples. In conclusion, proceeding from what has been said above, this thesis shows that the Vāstupuruṣamaṇḍala grid includes both practical and spiritual meanings to construct a Hindu temple.
Static Analysis of Timoshenko Beams using Isogeometric Approach
Lee, Sang Jin ; Park, Kyoung Sub ;
Architectural research, volume 16, issue 2, 2014, Pages 57~65
DOI : 10.5659/AIKAR.2014.16.2.57
A study on the static analysis of Timoshenko beams is presented. A beam element is developed by using isogeometric approach based on Timoshenko beam theory which allows the transverse shear deformation. The identification of transverse shear locking is conducted by three refinement schemes such as h-, p- and k-refinement and compared to other reference solutions. From numerical examples, the present beam element does not produce any shear locking in very thin beam situations even with full Gauss integration rule. Finally, the benchmark tests described in this study is provided as future reference solutions for Timoshenko beam problems based on isogeometric approach.
Free Vibrations of Thin Shells with Isogeometric Approach
Lee, Sang Jin ;
Architectural research, volume 16, issue 2, 2014, Pages 67~74
DOI : 10.5659/AIKAR.2014.16.2.67
Free vibration analysis of thin shells is carried out by using isogeometric approach. For this purpose, a thin shell element based on Kirchhoff-Love shell theory is developed. Non-uniform rational B-spline surface (NURBS) definition is introduced to represent the geometry of shell and also used to derive all terms required in the isogeometric element formulation. Gauss integration rule is used for stiffness and mass matrices. The present shell element is then applied to examine vibrational behaviours of thin plate and shell structures. From numerical results, it is found be that reliable natural frequencies and associated mode shapes of thin shell structures can be predicted by the present isogeometric shell element.
Finding Significant Factors to Affect Cost Contingency on Construction Projects Using ANOVA Statistical Method -Focused on Transportation Construction Projects in the US-
Lhee, Sang Choon ;
Architectural research, volume 16, issue 2, 2014, Pages 75~80
DOI : 10.5659/AIKAR.2014.16.2.75
Risks, uncertainties, and associated cost overruns are critical problems for construction projects. Cost contingency is an important funding source for these unforeseen events and is included in the base estimate to help perform financially successful projects. In order to predict more accurate contingency, many empirical models using regression analysis and artificial neural network method have been proposed and showed its viability to minimize prediction errors. However, categorical factors on contingency cannot have been treated and thus considered in these empirical models since those models are able to treat only numerical factors. This paper identified potential factors on contingency in transportation construction projects and evaluated categorical factors using the one-way ANOVA statistical method. Among factors including project work type, delivery method type, contract agreement type, bid award type, letting type, and geographical location, two factors of project work type and contract agreement type were found to be statistically important on allocating cost contingency.