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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Architectural Institute of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Dec 2014
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Sep 2014
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Jun 2014
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Mar 2014
Selecting the target year
Regulating Natural Lighting and Ventilation of Residential Buildings in Hong Kong Policy Implications for High-rise, High-density Housing Environments in South Korea
Seo, Bokyong ; Kim, Sung-Hwa ; Lee, Jae-Hoon ;
Architectural research, volume 16, issue 3, 2014, Pages 81~92
DOI : 10.5659/AIKAR.2014.16.3.81
This study discusses the features of the lighting and ventilation regulations for residential buildings in Hong Kong. Given the compact built environment and public concerns about the environmental quality of housing, various lighting and ventilation regulations have been enacted in Hong Kong. The application of building regulations on the micro scale and incentive systems on the macro scale are present, and the governments' calls for more active participation of the private sector and use of the building environmental assessment tools were also noted. Unlike South Korea, however, Hong Kong was found to adopt more performance-based standards, consider the external factors of the lighting and ventilation conditions together with the indoor elements, and provide specific design guidelines. Notwithstanding the different climatic conditions and socio-political contexts of Hong Kong and South Korea, these findings provide some policy implications for the South Korean government in its efforts to achieve a healthy environment for high-rise, high-density housing. It is suggested that the South Korean government adopt more on-site measurement methods to reflect the environmental conditions accurately and broaden the scope and scale of the implementation of the lighting and ventilation regulations with more specific, practical planning and design guidelines.
Developing an Integrated Evaluation Technology for Energy- and Cost-Efficient Building Design Based on BIM in the Real-time Manner
Park, Jae Wan ; Lee, Yun Gil ;
Architectural research, volume 16, issue 3, 2014, Pages 93~100
DOI : 10.5659/AIKAR.2014.16.3.93
Existing BIM(Building Information Modeling) based energy evaluation tools cannot be utilized enough for the potential performance of BIM because most of them have not provided the integrated model for energy evaluation, assessment of the material, cost of the construction, and so on. This research aims to propose and develop a new application, EcoBIM, to support an integrated evaluation of the energy and cost efficiencies of the design alternatives within the design process. The proposed application functions as a BIM-based evaluation system that calculates energy-savings performance as well as the construction cost of the alternatives at the design stage. This study mainly focuses on the possibilities of developing the proposed technology. We also suggest an advanced design process using the proposed system, corresponding to changes of national regulations in Korea. This study deduce that EcoBIM can allow architects to make suitable decisions regarding energy- and cost-efficient designs. The proposed design process will allow architects not only to check the eco-friendly performance of design alternatives but also predict the operation cost in a certain period in the future. EcoBIM can prevent large-scale design changes required to obtain environmental certification and enable the owner to make an informed decision about the initial investment of construction according to the result of the analysis of the energy requirement at the design stage.
Wajiro Kon's Architectural Theory on the Development of Korean Minka and Its Limitations, 1923-24
Jung, Yoonchun ;
Architectural research, volume 16, issue 3, 2014, Pages 101~107
DOI : 10.5659/AIKAR.2014.16.3.101
This paper focuses on Wajiro Kon (1888-1973) and his architectural efforts on theorizing Korean minka in the early 1920s. Wajiro Kon's unique phenomenological approach, so different from the positivistic analyses of his contemporaries, evident in his meticulous sketches and vivid descriptions, helped him theorize how the craft-oriented architectural development of Korean minka were shaped by people's everyday lives. In particular, he found that ondol had developed in various and complex ways, creating differences between the northern and southern Korean regions. Moreover, Kon identified the practical improvements in Korean minka made by inventive, creative people. However, the paper demonstrates that in this process, the new understanding retained the dual perspective of Korean minka as not only environmentally formulated, craft-oriented artifacts but also as re-formed objects that should be improved through an interplay with external factors.
The System of City Planning and Development in North Korea: Focused on Development of Kaesong Industrial Complex (KIC)
Yang, Sukwoo ; Kwack, Dongwha ;
Architectural research, volume 16, issue 3, 2014, Pages 109~120
DOI : 10.5659/AIKAR.2014.16.3.109
South and North Korea, the divided nations on the Korean peninsula, began with the same modern city planning system, but following the adoption of different national ideologies-capitalism and socialism-, they established their own city planning system and developed their cities accordingly. However, the process of planning and developing a joint city of Kaesong Industrial Complex (KIC) led to the recognition about the need to bridge the differences and prepare for future joint development. This study examines North Korea's city planning system by comparing the two Koreas' systems, and identify the characteristics of North Korea's city planning system through a case analysis of the KIC. By comparing two cases, we found two distinct characteristics of North Korea's. The one is a tool for realizing ideologies and maintaining national system. The other one is that it is ideology-oriented system for the supreme leader and party while South Korea has control-oriented system for the public. We analyze the KIC case based on four pillars: planning system, development system and procedure, master plan, and use behaviors. Result of analysis shows that in KIC there are many socialistic features as we mentioned above in terms of planning system, urban design & structure, and use behavior even though a private enterprise-Hyundai Asan, in South Korea led the whole process. This study is meaningful in that it identifies the specific characteristics of North Korea's city planning focusing on the KIC and is expected to serve as a baseline material to set the future direction for North Korea's development.
Isogeometric Analysis of Laminated Plates under Free Vibration
Lee, Sang Jin ;
Architectural research, volume 16, issue 3, 2014, Pages 121~129
DOI : 10.5659/AIKAR.2014.16.3.121
A plate element is developed by using isogeometric approach in order to determine natural frequencies of laminated composite plates. Reissner-Mindlin (RM) assumptions is adopted to consider the shear deformation and rotatory inertia effect. All terms required in isogeometric element formulation are consistently derived by using Non-uniform rational B-spline surface (NURBS) definition. Gauss quadrature rule is used to form the element stiffness matrix and separately Lobatto quadrature rule is used to calculate element mass matrix. The capability of the present plate element is demonstrated by using numerical examples. From numerical tests, the present isogeometric element produces reliable numerical results for both thin and thick plate situations.