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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
Architectural Institute of Korea
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Volume 18, Issue 1 - Mar 2016
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Discussing Architecture and the City as a Metaphor for the Human Body : From Marcus Vitruvius Pollio, Leon Battista Alberti, Andrea Palladio to Other Renaissance Architects
Kim, Young Jae ;
Architectural research, volume 18, issue 1, 2016, Pages 1~12
DOI : 10.5659/AIKAR.2016.18.1.1
This thesis explores Vitruvius and his impact upon other Renaissance architects who compare a city to a building or a building to a city, who match the city and the building into a human body, and who develop their own works. The objective of this study is to furnish an interpretation of their theory and practice through their literature and designs. In this point of view, this article takes notice of Vitruvius`s six concepts coined from venustas and divides them into two parts: i.e. aesthetic quality (ordinatio, dispositio, and distributio) and technical activity (eurythmia, symmetria, and
) each. This thesis indicates that Vitruvius`s successive impacts from the concepts bring about concrete design principles through proportional measurements, placing together, and hierarchic values for the former, as well as appropriate use through beautiful look, symmetrical harmony, and appropriate uses for the latter, tracking notions between a city as a house and vice versa, and either the ideas of the house or the city in the synthesis of the human body, which follows the perfect number and module based on the human body. The thesis shows that the representations of architecture and the city take place with the form of a circle and a square that express the religious belief and the cosmos, substantiating the connection between the proportions of the human body and numbers, and ultimately satisfying a concept of centrality, which is slowly extended to the enclosed plaza at the urban level from chambers, atrium, and corridors at the residence level.
A Study on the Development of App Ecosystem based Smart Home
Moon, Junsik ; Park, Chan Young ;
Architectural research, volume 18, issue 1, 2016, Pages 13~20
DOI : 10.5659/AIKAR.2016.18.1.13
Smart Home has achieved remarkable developments over the past few decades. In the ICT(Information and Communications Technology) field, `app ecosystem`-a collection of multiple devices such as mobile phones and tablets, software (operating system and development tools), companies (manufacturers, carriers, app-stores, etc.) and the process through which data is transferred/shared by a user from one device to another device or by the device itself-has come into wide use since the advent of the smart phone. Due to the synergy effect of the `app ecosystem`, it has been applied to various fields such as televisions and automobile industries. As a result, both the Smart TV and connected vehicle have developed their own ecosystem. Although much research has been conducted on these two ecosystems, there is a lack of research regarding `App Ecosystem based Smart Home` (AESH). This research focuses on the building scenarios based on `Tracking, Analyzing, Imaging, Deciding, and Acting (T.A.I.D.A), a future prediction method process. Rather than taking an approach from the perspective of providing and applying advanced technology for research on building future scenarios, this paper focuses on research from the perspective of architectural planning. As a result, two future scenarios of AESH are suggested.
Quality Management (QM) Standard Issues in FM - Based on Guidance on quality in European FM Standard
Lee, So Young ; Jang, Yon Hwa ; Lee, Myoung Sik ;
Architectural research, volume 18, issue 1, 2016, Pages 21~29
DOI : 10.5659/AIKAR.2016.18.1.21
Importance of FM has rapidly increased because of its growing business. However, due to lack of clarity and identity of FM in professional areas, standardization of FM became to be imperative in such a rapidly changing global business environment. Facility services are defined as the provision of support the primary activities of an organization, delivered by an internal or external provider. Majority of FM activities are services related to `space and infrastructure` and `people and organization` (CEN, 2011). The purpose of this study is to investigate definitions and characteristics of FM from both globally and domestic environment, by comparison with international or national standards, to identify quality management in FM and service characteristics of FM, to investigate the differences in service level elaboration in FM, and to suggest standard issues of quality management in FM service quality. This study examines contents of the European Standards in FM, Part 3 `Guidance on quality in Facility Management, especially for the process of QM standardized by CEN (2011) and explores undefined issues such as service level, measurement metrics according to service characteristics of FM. The European FM Standard guides the common process of QM in terms of requirements specification, service level elaboration, measurement metrics development although it does not specifically address various service levels, specific performance metrics and indicators.
A Study on Fabric Effects on Contemporary Architectural Surfaces, Based on the Material Characteristics
Kim, Sung-Wook ; Lee, So-Jung ; Jeon, You-Chang ;
Architectural research, volume 18, issue 1, 2016, Pages 31~38
DOI : 10.5659/AIKAR.2016.18.1.31
The surface design in architecture plays a role as an indicator that symbolizes cultures and styles, in accordance with the course of history and the standards of the time. The surface design that determines the facade of an architectural structure allows us to have a more clear understanding about the functions, programs and structures, as well as the periodical concept of the architects than any other components of the architecture. The purpose of this paper was to examine how architectural surface designs were realized, using commonly-used materials. This study provides meaningful implications, in that it suggests common features in terms of design methodologies (between architecture and non-architecture fields), and presented new possibilities for contemporary architectural surface designs through the classification of building system methods depending on fabric properties, and through the case study analysis of architectural surface designs; in addition, the results of this study could be utilized as basic data for future studies on the possibility of the expression of surface designs across a broader domain.
Nonlinear Static Analysis of Cable Roof Structures with Unified Kinematic Description
LEE, Sang Jin ;
Architectural research, volume 18, issue 1, 2016, Pages 39~47
DOI : 10.5659/AIKAR.2016.18.1.39
A finite element analysis technology applicable to the prediction of the static nonlinear response of cable roof structure is presented. The unified kinematic description is employed to formulate the present cable element and different strain definitions such as Green-Lagrange strain, Biot strain and Hencky strain can be adopted. The Newton-Raphson method is used to trace the nonlinear load-displacement path. In the iteration process, the compressive stress of a cable element is not allowed. For the verification of the present cable element, four numerical examples are tackled. Finally, numerical results obtained by using the present cable element are provided as new benchmark test results for cable structures under static loads.