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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
Architectural Institute of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Dec 2006
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Jun 2006
Selecting the target year
Examining Understanding and Knowledge of Time Management Perception for the Architectural Education in United States
So, In-Cheol ;
Architectural research, volume 8, issue 2, 2006, Pages 1~10
This research has acquired preliminary information about the existing conditions and understanding of members regarding time management for members in the architectural field. The goal of this research is to construct a basis for the time management education framework in architectural field in the future. This research mainly focuses on following questions based on limited objectives: Do groups of academics and professionals have understanding and knowledge of time management? Can the level of an individuals scheduling techniques be correlated to the patterns of knowledge and understanding of time management principles and practices? Can the time management practice status in individuals working environment be correlated to the patterns of knowledge and understanding of time management principles and practices? Can an individuals self-confidence level be correlated to the patterns of knowledge and understanding of time management principles and practices? Data have been collected through comprehensive questionnaires given to academics and professionals in United States. By means of statistical analysis, the hidden patterns, deficiencies and relationships in attitudes about time management have been revealed. The statistical analysis has produced conclusions that, among several subdivisions, self-discipline and planning have strong relationships and confidence, personal organization, control, and information gathering subdivisions have certain relationships with objectives of time management education in this research.
The Effect of Office Layouts and Ambient Office Sounds on the Simple Tasks of White Collar Workers
Yun, Hye-Gyeong ;
Architectural research, volume 8, issue 2, 2006, Pages 11~16
The purpose of this study is to scrutinize the effect of office layouts and ambient office sounds on the performance of office workers involved with a proof-reading test (simple task). Twenty subjects, who were professional researchers and computer programmers, were from three different office layouts: 1) Nine subjects from a combined office type with open meeting places and closed individual offices; 2) five from an open office with rectangular individual workstations, and 3) six from an open office with triangular individual workstations. Architects and consultants working in the field of office have reported from interviews and their own observations that occupants satisfaction differs as their office layouts vary although the sizes are the same. This finding leads to the hypothesis of this experiment. Proof-reading test results were obtained from three different office layouts (combined office type, rectangular and triangular individual workstations in open offices) under two different sound conditions (quiet background sound and ambient sound of their own workplace) for 10 minutes. The test analysis shows the mean test score of subjects from the triangular individual workstations in open offices is significantly different from the mean test scores of subjects from the combined office type and the rectangular individual workstations in open offices.
A Study on the Definition of the Term “Tectonics” in Architecture
Kim, Ran-Su ;
Architectural research, volume 8, issue 2, 2006, Pages 17~26
This paper attempts to identify the term “tectonics” comprehensively by collecting and categorizing existing definitions of tectonics within the architectural area rather than to stress the concept of tectonics of each specific theorist. Although no consensus of opinion on the concept of tectonics exists, architectural tectonics was closely related to the following terms in three categories: 1. techné, technique, and technology; 2. construction and structure; and 3. stereotomics. Based on its etymology, system, and material construct, the notion of tectonics common in these three categories signifies “the art of framing construction,” in which linear elements are connected with joints and clad or infilled with lightweight material. Thus, the art of framing construction, as a common concept of tectonics, reveals the following characteristics: First, tectonics is based on framing construction in contrast to piling-up construction as the etymology of tectonics signifies the art of carpentry. Then, the term tectonics, dealing as it does with a higher level of construction rather than the mechanical level of structure, incorporates the poetic aspect of techne as well as the rational aspect of technology. Third, Owing to the organic, double system of tectonic frame and incrusting or infilling materials, the tectonic body becomes both the ornament and the structure simultaneously. As the art of framing construction is based on material construction rather than structural or ornamental form, this paper proposes that one can view tectonics as a term that conveys the meaning of the actual material effect on space.
The Uncertainty Analysis of Monte Carlo Techniques Using Sets of Double Uniform Random Numbers
Lee, Dong-Gyu ; Sin, Su-Mi ;
Architectural research, volume 8, issue 2, 2006, Pages 27~36
Structural uncertainties are generally modeled using probabilistic approaches in order to quantify uncertainties in behaviors of structures. This uncertainty results from the uncertainties of structural parameters. Monte Carlo methods have been usually carried out for analyses of uncertainty problems where no analytical expression is available for the forward relationship between data and model parameters. In such cases any direct mathematical treatment is impossible, however the forward relation materializes itself as an algorithm allowing data to be calculated for any given model. This study addresses a new method which is utilized as a basis for the uncertainty estimates of structural responses. It applies double uniform random numbers (i.e. DURN technique) to conventional Monte Carlo algorithm. In DURN method, the scenarios of uncertainties are sequentially selected and executed in its simulation. Numerical examples demonstrate the beneficial effect that the technique can increase uncertainty degree of structural properties with maintaining structural stability and safety up to the limit point of a breakdown of structural systems.
Constrained Dynamic Responses of Structures Subjected to Earthquake
Eun, Hui-Chang ; Lee, Min-Su ;
Architectural research, volume 8, issue 2, 2006, Pages 37~42
Starting from the quadratic optimal control algorithm, this study obtains the relation of the performance index for constrained systems and Gausss principle. And minimizing a function of the variation in kinetic energy at constrained and unconstrained states with respect to the velocity variation, the dynamic equation is derived and it is shown that the result compares with the generalized inverse method proposed by Udwadia and Kalaba. It is investigated that the responses of a 10-story building are constrained by the installation of a two-bar structure as an application to utilize the derived equations. The structural responses are affected by various factors like the length of each bar, damping, stiffness of the bar structure, and the junction positions of two structures. Under an assumption that the bars have the same mass density, this study determines the junction positions to minimize the total dynamic responses of the structure.
Decision Support Tool for Excavation Operation using Genetic Algorithms
Lee, Ung-Gyun ; Gang, Gyeong-In ; Jo, Hun-Hui ;
Architectural research, volume 8, issue 2, 2006, Pages 43~48
The appropriate fleet estimation of the excavation equipment is a major factor in the determination of the cost and time requirements of a project. But the decision of what kind of equipment selected is often based on heuristic methods or trial and error in Korea. Thus, this study proposes a prototype model that uses genetic algorithms to select fleet estimation of loaders (backhoe) and trucks used in excavation work. To verify the applicability of this model, the case study was performed. And the result of the genetic model was compared with that of the trial & error method. The use of the genetic model suggested this study required 44days, 2 units of backhoes, 7 units of trucks, and a total cost of 171,839,756 won. With the estimated fleet number of equipment, the minimum cost of excavation work can be calculated, taking account of the time-cost trade-off. By utilizing this prototype model, the efficiency of excavation work can be improved.