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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
Architectural Institute of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Dec 2007
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Jun 2007
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A Brief Sketch of Architectural Works Copyright with the United States Cases: Analysis based on Thomas Shine v. David M. Childs and Skidmore Owings & Merrill, LLP Case
Moon, Hwakyung ;
Architectural research, volume 9, issue 1, 2007, Pages 1~8
These days the copyright plays a significant role in various fields of creative works and it has expanded dramatically into unprecedented ways. In Korea, architectural works copyright cases are rare due to the lack of information and understanding of the architectural works copyright. Architectural works copyright can promote architects' creative activities and enhance the quality of architectural works as art. Nevertheless, there is little effort to advance the studies of architectural works copyright in the architectural design area. Under these circumstances, this research attempts to share the basic case laws and remedies for various architectural works copyright issues in the U.S. cases. This Article examines the Thomas Shine v. David M. Childs and Skidmore Owings & Merrill, LLP Case which is the most recent case as I could reach. This case is about a story between two architects, one is from a very prestigious architectural design firm and the other, once Yale Architectural student, now practices his design work as an up-and-coming architect. A close examination of this case will provide a legal and architectural spectrum of copyright. That is, it will make it more specific how to solve the copyright infringement. Artistic and technological contexts are overlapped in Architectural works copyright as its inherent characteristics. Therefore, different ways from other copyrighted works are needed to access the untangled equations of the architectural works copyright protection. In addition, more comprehensible and specific regulations that can impose a remedy more suited to the architectural works copyright violations are needed and they should enable architects to fulfill their architectural activities under wide range of copyright protection. Moreover, in prior to all efforts to handle those equations, fundamental knowledge of architectural works copyright is required to improve the copyright protection in the architectural design area as well as to provide for the globalizing design practice. Ultimately, all of these efforts will be rewarded when constant researches based on Korean and other countries' architectural copyright cases can support them and it would be great if this research can set the stage for resolving expected copyright conflicts within the architectural design area.
Health Supportive Design in Elderly Care Homes: Swedish Examples and their Implication to Korean Counterparts
Lee, Sookyoung ; Dilani, Alan ; Morelli, Agneta ; Byun, Hearyung ;
Architectural research, volume 9, issue 1, 2007, Pages 9~18
The objective of this research study was twofold; 1) to explore and identify health supportive design factors in Swedish elderly care homes and 2) to understand their usefulness and suggest implication in Korean elderly care settings. A descriptive and explorative method was applied using a combination of field studies and semi-structured interviews. Three study trips were carried out during Sept.
2005; two facilities situated in Stockholm suburbs and one in the south of Sweden. According to this research, the valuable factors to support health and well-being for the elderly are as follows; 1) Community integration: These elderly care homes are generally places close to a residential area center or a city center. Services are often shared between residents and community members at large, consequently there is a flow of "visitors" of all ages connecting with the facility on a daily basis. 2) Homelike environment: A noteworthy aspect of Swedish elderly care homes is keeping the facility appearance as homelike as possible. The associations with home may be explored through the appearance and configuration of both the exterior and interior of the building. These homes seemed to be designed with a conscious aim to create a homelike setting. 3) Small scale approach: Clustering of resident rooms is one method through which the small scale approach can be achieved in larger facilities. With unit clusters, the facility can foster opportunities for social interactions among resident. 4) Accessibility to garden and nature: The courtyard is a well developed concept in planning elderly care homes in Sweden. They are generally safe and easily accessible to the residents. Studying Swedish models may provide practical knowledge of how the physical setting may improve resident's health in Korean elderly care homes.
Urban Campus Expansion in City Block A Case of New York University, New York City, USA
Han, GwangYa ; Kim, Hwan ;
Architectural research, volume 9, issue 1, 2007, Pages 19~30
This study explores the issue of campus expansion of an urban university using an in-depth case study of New York University in New York City, USA. It investigates the physical pattern and development mechanism of the campus expansion process on a city grid structure. The three elements that characterize NYU's recent campus expansion, are (1) the university's commitment to building a student community around a public open space on a subway network, (2) four types of property acquisition and building development practiced by the university with private developers for space leasing, building renovation and development under changing local development circumstances, and (3) the city's initiative for attracting the private sector whose development activities influence the university's development dynamics. These findings suggest that the expansion planning of an urban university, due to its location in a city, should be placed on a local planning agenda, which can positively contribute to public goals through the collaborative engagement of the private and public sectors.
A Study on the Uncertainty of Structural Cross-Sectional Area Estimate by using Interval Method for Allowable Stress Design
Lee, Dongkyuc ; Park, Sungsoo ; Shin, Soomi ;
Architectural research, volume 9, issue 1, 2007, Pages 31~37
This study presents the so-called Modified Allowable Stress Design (MASD) method for structural designs. The objective of this study is to qualitatively estimate uncertainties of tensile steel member's cross-sectional structural designs and find the optimal resulting design which can resist all uncertainty cases. The design parameters are assumed to be interval associated with lower and upper bounds and consequently interval methods are implemented to non-stochastically produce design results including the structural uncertainties. By seeking optimal uncertainty combinations among interval parameters, engineers can qualitatively describe uncertain design solutions which were not considered in conventional structural designs. Under the assumption that structures have basically uncertainties like displacement responses, the safety range of resulting designs is represented by lower and upper bounds depending on given tolerance error and structural parameters. As a numerical example uncertain cross-sectional areas of members that can resist applied loads are investigated and it demonstrates that the present design method is superior to conventional allowable stress designs (ASD) with respect to a reliably structural safety as well as an economical material.
On the Description of Constrained Static Behavior of Continuous System
Eun, Hee-Chang ; Lee, Min-Su ; Bae, Chung-Yeol ;
Architectural research, volume 9, issue 1, 2007, Pages 39~45
The static behavior of continuous system is described by the elastic curve method or is approximately analyzed by a finite element method to be modeled as a discrete system. If a continuous system is constrained by linear constraints which restrict its static behavior, its behavior can be approximately described by the finite element method. It is not easy to describe the constrained behavior by continuous coordinate system. Starting from the generalized inverse method provided by Eun, Lee and Chung, this study is to expand the equation to the continuous systems, to perform the structural analysis of the beam under a uniform loading with interior spring supports, and to investigate the validity of the proposed method through applications.
A Feasibility Evaluation on the Outsourcing of Quality Testing and Inspection
Choi, Minsoo ; Kim, Moohan ;
Architectural research, volume 9, issue 1, 2007, Pages 47~52
The purpose of this research is to evaluate the feasibility of outsourcing test/inspection activity in construction work. This research conducted a questionnaire of interested parties as well as a survey by Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) with experts on quality control. For the evaluation by AHP, five criteria were adopted and a number of pair-wise comparisons were conducted through two stages. Finally, the weighting coefficient to approve the outsourcing was calculated at 0.606 and it therefore appeared more reasonable to permit rather than prohibit outsourcing. According to the AHP result, it was found that outsourcing would be necessary to enhance the objectivity and specialties of quality testing and inspection, even though somewhat undesirable in terms of enhancing a sense of responsibility and systemically conducting the testing and inspection.