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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 12 - Dec 2000
Volume 24, Issue 11 - Nov 2000
Volume 24, Issue 10 - Oct 2000
Volume 24, Issue 9 - Sep 2000
Volume 24, Issue 8 - Aug 2000
Volume 24, Issue 7 - Jul 2000
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Jun 2000
Volume 24, Issue 5 - May 2000
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Apr 2000
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Mar 2000
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Feb 2000
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Jan 2000
Selecting the target year
A Study on the 43
Degradation Behavior of Cast Stainless Steel(CF8M) (III) - Evaluation of Elastic-Plastic Fracture Toughness -
Gwon, Jae-Do ; In, Jae-Hyeon ; Park, Jung-Cheol ; Choe, Seong-Jong ; Park, Yun-Won ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 10, 2000, Pages 2405~2412
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.10.2405
A cast stainless steel may experience an embrittlement when it is exposed to approximately 30
for long period. In the present investigation, The three classes of the thermally aged CF8M specimie n are prepared using an artificially accelerated aging method. Namely, after the specimen are held for 300, 1800 and 3600hrs. at 43
respectively, the specimens are quenched in water to room temperature. Load versus load line displacement curves and J-R curves are obtained using the unloading compliance method.
values are obtained following ASTM E 813-87 and ASTM E 813-81 methods. In addition to these methods, JIC values are obtained using SZW(stretch zone width) method described in JSME S 001-1981. The results of the unloading compliance method are
for virgin material,
of the degraded materials associated with 300, 1800 and 3600hrs are obtained 369.25 kJ/m
, 311.02 kJ/m
, 276.7 kJ/m
, respectively. The results of SZW method are similar to those of the unloading compliance method. Through the elastic-plastic fracture toughness test, it is found that the value of
is decreased with increasing of the aging time. The results obtained through the investigation can provide reference data for a leak before break(LBB) of reactor coolant system of nuclear power plants.
Harmonic Resonances of Continuous Rotor with Nonlinearity and Internal Resonances
Lee, Seong-U ; Kim, Gwang-Rae ; Son, Bong-Se ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 10, 2000, Pages 2413~2419
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.10.2413
Harmonic resonances in a continuous rotating shaft with distributed mass are discussed. The restoring force of the shaft has geometric stiffening nonlinearity due to the extension of the shaft centerline. The effect of a distributed lateral force, such as the gravity, is assumed. The possibility of the occurrences of harmonic resonances, the shapes of resonance curves, and internal resonance phenomena are investigated.
Ferrography에 의한 마멸분 정량분석
O, Seong-Mo ; Lee, Bong-Gu ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 10, 2000, Pages 2420~2427
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.10.2420
In contacting between surface, there is wear and the generation of wear particles. The particles contained in the lubricating oil carry detailed and important information about the condition monitoring of the machine. Therefore, This paper was undertaken for Ferrography system of wear debris generated from lubricated moving machine surface. The lubricating wear test was performed under different experimental conditions using the Falex wear test of Pin and V-Block type by Ti(C,N) coated. It was shown from the test results that wear particle concentration(WPC) ; wear severity Index(IS) and size\distribution have come out all the higher value by increases sliding friction time. By the Ferrogram a thin leaf wear debris as well as ball and plate type wear particles was observed
A Study on the Leakage Analysis of Scroll Compressor with Thermal Deformation Considered
Gu, In-Hoe ; Park, Jin-Mu ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 10, 2000, Pages 2428~2437
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.10.2428
In general, it is known that the portion of leakage loss is more than 20 % of total loss in scroll compressor. So far many studies have been done to improve the leakage problem and volumetric efficiency. In order to do this it is necessary that the leakage is exactly evaluated for conventional scroll model. Almost all studies that have been done were assumed that the clearance remains constant while operating. But in actual operating conditions, scroll wrap is deformed due to elevated refrigerant gas temperature. And this makes the leakage clearance change, so the leakage mass flow and the volumetric efficiency are also changed. In this study we assumed the steady state operating condition and obtain the average temperature and convection heat transfer coefficient in terms of involute angle. With these results, using finite element method we analyzed the heat transfer of scroll wrap, then did thermal deformation analysis. Then we obtain the leakage clearance and do the leakage and volumetric efficiency analysis. Compared with undeformed feature, we examine the effect of the thermal deformation on the leakage. The results say that the leakage mass flow for the case of considering thermal deformation is less than that for the unconsidered one, and this means that the leakage clearance is reduced due to thermal deformation.
A Structural Optimization Methodology Using the Independence Axiom
Lee, Gwang-Won ; Park, Gyeong-Jin ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 10, 2000, Pages 2438~2450
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.10.2438
The Design Axioms provide a general framework for design methodologies. The axiomatic design framework has been successfully applied to various design tasks. However, the axiomatic design has been rarely utilized in the detailed design process of structures where the optimization technology is generally carried out. The relationship between the axiomatic design and the optimization is investigated and Logical Decomposition method is developed for a systematic structural optimization. The entire optimization process is decomposed to satisfy the Independence Axiom. In the decomposition process, design variables are grouped according to sensitivities. The sensitivities are evaluated by the Analysis of Variance(ANOVA) to avoid considering only local values. The developed method is verified through examples such as the twenty -five members transmission tower and the two -bay-six-story frame.
Design of a Geometric Adaptive Straightness Controller for Shaft Straightening Process
Kim, Seung-Cheol ; Jeong, Seong-Jong ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 10, 2000, Pages 2451~2460
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.10.2451
In order to minimize straightness error of deflected shaft, a geometric adaptive straightness controller system is studied. A multi-step straightening and a three-point bending process have been developed for the geometric adaptive straightness controller. Load-deflection relationship, on-line identification of variations of material properties, on-line springback prediction, and real-time hydraulic control methodology are studied for the three-point bending process. By deflection pattern analysis and fuzzy self-learning method in the multi-step straightening process, a straightening point and direction, desired permanent deflection and supporting condition are determined. An automatic straightening machine has been fabricated for rack bars by using the developed ideas. Validity of the proposed system is verified through experiments.
A Study on the Improvement of Interfacial Bonding Shear Strength of Ti50-Ni50 Shape Memory Alloy Composite
Lee, Hyo-Jae ; Hwang, Jae-Seok ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 10, 2000, Pages 2461~2468
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.10.2461
In this paper, single fiber pull-out test is used to measure the interfacial bonding shear strength of
shape memory alloy composite with temperature. Fiber and matrix of
shape memory alloy composite are respectively
shape memory alloy and epoxy resin. To strengthen the interfacial bonding shear stress, various surface treatments are used. They are the hand-sanded surface treatment, the acid etched surface treatment and the silane coupled surface treatment etc.. The interfacial bonding shear strength of surface treated shape memory alloy fiber is greater than that of surface untreated shape memory alloy fiber by from 10% to 16%. It is assured that the hand-sanded surface treatment and the acid etched surface treatment are the best way to strengthen the interfacial bonding shear strength of
shape memory composite. The best treatment condition of surface is 10% HNO
solution in the etching method to strengthen the interfacial bonding shear strength of
shape memory alloy composite.
Study On The Element Free Galerkin Method Using Bubble Packing Technique
Jeong, Sun-Wan ; Choe, Yu-Jin ; Kim, Seung-Jo ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 10, 2000, Pages 2469~2476
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.10.2469
The meshing of the domain has long been the major bottleneck in performing the finite element analysis. Research efforts which are so-called meshfree methods have recently been directed towards eliminating or at least easing the requirement for meshing of the domain. In this paper, a new meshfree method for solving nonlinear boundary value problem, based on the bubble packing technique and Delaunay triangle is proposed. The method can be efficiently implemented to the problems with singularity by using formly distributed nodes.
Basic Theory on a Multi-Mode CVT
Lee, Jin-Won ; Jang, Uk-Jin ; Park, Jin-Ho ; Park, Yeong-Il ; Lee, Jang-Mu ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 10, 2000, Pages 2477~2486
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.10.2477
A planetary gear assembly is a key component to combine and/or split a power from the source. With a planetary gear assembly, a continuously variable unit extends its capacity by means of power bra nching mechanism. Power branching with one planetary gear assembly and one continuously variable unit is categorized into 12 basic types. Each type represents peculiar power transmitting characteristics. Additionally, a multi-mode (range) continuously variable transmission can be designed with accompanying clutches. A multi-mode continuously variable transmission changes the path through which the source power is transmitted. Each path has its own features, such as high efficiency. In this paper, some design principles are examined such as, criteria to guarantee the minimum power efficiency, and constraints to guarantee the smooth mode shift after discussing well-known features of multi-mode M mathematically
Optimum Design for Inlet and Outlet Locations of Circular Expansion Chamber for Improving Acoustic Performance
An, Se-Jin ; Kim, Bong-Jun ; Jeong, Ui-Bong ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 10, 2000, Pages 2487~2495
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.10.2487
The acoustic characteristics of expansion chamber will be changed with the variation of inlet/outlet location due to the higher order acoustic mode in a high frequency in which the plane wave theory is not available. In this paper, the acoustic performance of reactive type expansion chamber with circular cross-section is analyzed by using the modified mode matching theory. The sensitivity analysis of four-pole parameters with respect to the location of inlet and outlet is also suggested to increase the acoustic performance. The acoustic power transmission coefficient is used as cost function, and the location of inlet and outlet is used as design variables. The steepest descent method and SUMT algorithm are used for optimization technique. Several results showed that the expansion chamber with optimally located inlet/outlet had better acoustic performance than concentric expansion chamber.
Analysis of Cutter Orientation when Ball Nose End Milling Nickel Based Superalloys
Lee, Deuk-U ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 10, 2000, Pages 2496~2501
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.10.2496
High speed ball end milling is attracting interest in the aerospace industry for the machining of complex 31) airfoil surfaces in nickel based superalloys, Experimental work is detailed on the effect of cutter orientation on tool life, cutting forces, chip formation, specific force and workpiece surface roughness, when high speed ball end milling nickel based supperalloy(lnconel 718). Dry cutting was performed using 8min diameter solid carbide cutters coated with either TiA1N or CrN for the workpiece mounted at an angle of 45˚ from the cutter axis. A horizontal downwards cutting orientation provided the best tool life with cut lengths~50% longer than for all other directions. Evaluation of cutting forces and associated spectrum analysis of results indicated that cutters employed in a horizontal downwards direction produced the least vibration.
Multi-Modal Vibration Control of Truss Structures Using Piezoelectric Actuators
Ju, Hyeong-Dal ; Park, Hyeon-Cheol ; Hwang, Un-Bong ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 10, 2000, Pages 2502~2512
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.10.2502
Truss structures are widely used in many space structures, such as large antenna systems, space stations, precision segmented telescopes because they are light in weight and amenable in assembly or deployment. But, due to the low damping capacity, they remain excited for a long time once disturbed. These structural vibrations can reduce life of the structures and cause unstable dynamic characteristics. In this research, vibration suppression experiment has carried out with a three-dimensional 15-member truss structure using two piezoelectric actuators. Piezoelectric actuators which consist of stacks of thin piezoelectric material disks are directly inserted to the truss structure collocated with the strain sensors. Each actuator is controlled digitally in decentralized manner, based on local integral and proportional feedback. The optimal positions of the actuators are determined by the modal damping ratio and the control force. Numerical simulation has carried out to determine optimal position of each actuator
Vibration Characteristics of a New Optical Disk with Initial Stress
Kim, Jae-Gwan ; Lee, Seung-Yeop ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 10, 2000, Pages 2513~2519
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.10.2513
Free vibration characteristics of an initially stressed CD/DVD disk, which is designed for increasing critical speeds of current optical disks, are analyzed using the Rayleigh-Ritz technique based on variational formulations. Natural frequencies of the new disk depend on membrane stresses caused by disk rotation as well as residual stresses imposed during the cooling process of the injection molding. Critical speeds are calculated for the various initial patterns of radial and circumferential stresses. Initially imposed tensile stresses increase the natural frequencies of all the vibration modes except zero nodal diameter mode, whose natural frequency is independent of circumferential stress. A new disk with initial tensile stress of 0.5MPa is shown to have its critical speed about 30 % higher than the current optical disk.
AE Characteristics on Microscopic Failure Behavior of Carbon/Epoxy Comosite Prepared by Cocure and Precure Process
Lee, Jin-Gyeong ; Lee, Jun-Hyeon ; Lee, Min-Rae ; Choe, Heung-Seop ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 10, 2000, Pages 2520~2528
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.10.2520
Mechanical and physical properties of composite materials make a great difference due to their cure process condition. In order to clarify the effect of cure process condition on the microscopic damage behavior and failure mechanism of Carbon/Epoxy composites, three point bend test has been performed. For this purpose, two kinds of specimens with single adhesive and multiple adhesive layers were prepared. For single adhesive layer, four different types of specimen were used, that is, non-sanding, sanding, cocured, laminated specimens. Three different types of specimen were also used for the multiple adhesive layer, non-sanding, sanding, cocured specimens. Acoustic emission technique has also been employed to monitor the damage progresses associated with each micro-failure mechanism. The characteristics of AE parameters associated with micro-failure mechanism of each specimen were discussed
Torsional Vibration Analysis in Large Two-Stroke Diesel Engines for Stationary Power Plants.
Park, Jong-Po ; Park, Hui-Ju ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 10, 2000, Pages 2529~2534
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.10.2529
Torsional vibration analysis in a large two -stroke low speed diesel engine and generator system for stationary power plants is performed to verify that the vibration characteristics of shafting system meet design requirements. Our own developed S/W is employed for the analysis, whose results are evaluated comparing with measurements. Vibration analysis results of the system are presented according to the change of loading(unload, 100%load, 110% load) and operating(mis-firing, uneven firing) conditions of the stationary power plants.
A Study on Hydraulic Control Characteristics of a Swashplate Type Axial Piston Pump-Regulator System by Linearization Analysis
Jo, Seung-Ho ; Kim, Won-Su ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 10, 2000, Pages 2535~2542
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.10.2535
The regulator system has been modeled and combined to a swashplate type axial piston pump. Linear approximation has been performed for nonlinear coefficient terms of an axial piston pump-regulator model without significantly affecting accuracy. Based on the mathematical model of an axial piston pump-regulator system, a couple of characteristic curves of negative flow control and horsepower control are drawn, which show a good correlation with those of experimental results. So the simplified axial piston pump-regulator model in this paper is expected to be utilized not only for the design and analysis of hydraulic circuit of excavator but also for prevention of engine overload
Optimization of Processing Conditions in Injection Molding Using Genetic Algorithm
Choe, Won-Jun ; Sin, Hyo-Cheol ; Gwak, Sin-Ung ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 10, 2000, Pages 2543~2551
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.10.2543
Precision injection molding is an important technology for improving productivity and lowering costs in the fields of medical components, lenses and electrical connectors. The quality of injection molded parts is affected by various processing conditions such as filling time and packing pressure profile. It is difficult to consider all the variables at the same time for prediction of the quality. In this study, the genetic algorithm was used to obtain the optimal processing conditions for minimizing the volumetric shrinkage of molded parts. For a higher convergence rate, the method of design of experiments was used to analyze the relationship between processing conditions and volumetric shrinkage of molded parts, which served as analysis tool for the capability of searching optimal processing conditions but also greatly reduces the calculation time by utilizing the information of searching area. As a practical example, compact disks that require micron-level precision were chosen for the study.
Numerical Modeling of the Transformation Temperature Effect on the Relaxation of Welding Residual Stress
Jang, Gyoung-Bok ; Kang, Sung-Soo ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 10, 2000, Pages 2552~2559
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.10.2552
Most of ferrous b.c.c weld materials have martensitic transformation during rapid cooling after welding. It is well known that volume expansion due to the phase transformation could influence on the relaxation of welding residual stress. To apply this effect practically, it is necessary to establish a numerical model which is able to estimate the effect of phase transformation on residual stress relaxation quantitatively. For this purpose, the analysis is carried out in two regions, i.e., heating and cooling, because the variation of material properties following a phase transformation in cooling is different in comparison with the case in heating, even at the same temperature. The variation of material properties following phase transformation is considered by the adjustment of specific heat and thermal expansion coefficient, and the distribution of residual stress in analysis is compared with that of experiment by previous study. In this study, simplified numerical procedures considering phase transformation, which based on a commercial finite element package was established through comparing with the experimental data of residual stress distribution by other researcher. To consider the phase transformation effect on residual stress relaxation, the transition of mechanical and thermal property such as thermal expansion coefficient and specific heat capacity was found by try and error method in this analysis. In addition to, since the transformation temperature changes by the kind and control of alloying elements, the steel with many kinds of transformation temperature were selected and the effect of transformation on stress releasement was investigated by the numerical procedures considering phase transformation.
Measurement of Mode Shape By Using A Scanning Laser Doppler Vibrometer
Gang, Min-Sik ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 10, 2000, Pages 2560~2567
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.10.2560
When spatially dense velocity distribution is measured by a scanning laser Doppler vibrometer, the Fourier transform method provides the real and imaginary parts of the mode shapes in the form of a polynomial. However the Fourier transform method is often impractical because the independent decomposition property of cosine and sine components into real and imaginary parts, respectively, does not hold due to the leakage problem which commonly occurs in the Fourier transform of harmonic signals. To deal with this problem, a Hilbert transform method is newly proposed in this article. The proposed method is free from the leakage problem and relatively robust to the scanning error. A simulation example is provided to verify the effectiveness of this method.
Quasi-Static Structural Optimization Technique Using Equivalent Static Loads Calculated at Every Time Step as a Multiple Loading Condition
Choe, U-Seok ; Park, Gyeong-Jin ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 10, 2000, Pages 2568~2580
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.10.2568
This paper presents a quasi-static optimization technique for elastic structures under dynamic loads. An equivalent static load (ESL) set is defined as a static load set which generates the same displacement field as that from a dynamic load at a certain time. Multiple ESL sets calculated at every time step are employed to represent the various states of the structure under the dynamic load. They can cover every critical state that might happen at an arbitrary time. Continuous characteristics of dynamic load are simulated by multiple discontinuous ones of static loads. The calculated sets of ESLs are applied as a multiple loading condition in the optimization process. A design cycle is defined as a circulated process between an analysis domain and a design domain. Design cycles are repeated until a design converges. The analysis domain gives a loading condition necessary for the design domain. The design domain gives a new updated design to be verified by the analysis domain in the next design cycle. This iterative process is quite similar to that of the multidisciplinary optimization technique. Even though the global convergence cannot be guaranteed, the proposed technique makes it possible to optimize the structures under dynamic loads. It has also applicability, flexibility, and reliability
Weld Quality Assurance Method using Statistical Analysis of Primary Dynamic Resistance During Resistance Spot Welding
Jo, Yong-Jun ; Lee, Se-Hyeon ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 10, 2000, Pages 2581~2588
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.10.2581
In previous studies, the dynamic resistance, which was calculated by the process variables measured at the electrode of the welding machine, and the electrode displacement were used for quality exa mination. However, in-process usage of such systems is not effective in systems that include a welding gun attached to a robot. In order to overcome such problems, we obtained and used the process variables from the welding machine timer. This would allow us to estimate real time in -process weld quality. For quality estimation, the features were extracted as factors from the primary dynamic resistance patterns, which were measured in t he welding machine timer. The relationship between the indexes and nugget size of the welds was observed through the regression analysis. Using the analyzed factors, a regression model that could estimate nugget diameter was developed. Two regression equations of the model were suggested depending on the factors, and it was showed that the model developed by stepwise method was effective one for weld quality estimation. The developed estimation model was in good linearity with the nugget diameter obtained through the experimentation.
Thermal Error Modeling of a Horizontal Machining Center Using the Fuzzy Logic Strategy
Lee, Jae-Ha ; Lee, Jin-Hyeon ; Yang, Seung-Han ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 10, 2000, Pages 2589~2596
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.10.2589
As current manufacturing processes require high spindle speed and precise machining, increasing accuracy by reducing volumetric errors of the machine itself, particularly thermal errors, is very important. Thermal errors can be estimated by many empirical models, for example, an FEM model, a neural network model, a linear regression model, an engineering judgment model, etc. This paper discusses to make a modeling of thermal errors efficiently through backward elimination and fuzzy logic strategy. The model of a thermal error using fuzzy logic strategy overcomes limitation of accuracy in the linear regression model or the engineering judgment model. It shows that the fuzzy model has more better performance than linear regression model, though it has less number of thermal variables than the other. The fuzzy model does not need to have complex procedure such like multi-regression and to know the characteristics of the plant, and the parameters of the model can be mathematically calculated. Also, the fuzzy model can be applied to any machine, but it delivers greater accuracy and robustness.
Development of Small-Specimen Creep Tester for Life Assessment of High Temperature Components of Power Plant
Kim, Hyo-Jin ; Jeong, Yong-Geun ; Park, Jong-Jin ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 10, 2000, Pages 2597~2602
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.10.2597
The most effective means of evaluating remaining life is through the creep testing of samples removed from the component. But sampling of large specimen from in-service component is actually impossible. So, sampling device and small-specimen creep tester have been applied. Sampling device has been devised to extract mechanically small samples by hemispherical, diamond -coated cutter from the surface of turbine rotor bores and thick-walled pipes without subsequent weld repairs requiring post weld heat treatment. A method of manufacturing small creep specimen, 2min gage diameter and 10min gage length, using electron beam welding to attach grip section, has been proven. Small-specimen creep tester has been designed to control atmosphere to prevent stress increment by oxidation during experiment. To determine whether the small specimens successfully reproduce the behavior of large specimens, creep rupture tests for small and large specimens have been performed at identical conditions. Creep rupture times based on small specimens have closely agreed within 5% error compared with that of large specimen. The errors in rupture time have decreased at longer test period. This comparison validates the procedure for fabricating and testing on small specimen. This technique offers potential as an efficient method for remaining life assessment by direct sampling from in -service high temperature components.
Track Tension Estimation in Tracked Vehicles on Various Road Conditions
Heo, Geon-Su ; Hong, Dae-Geon ; Seo, Mun-Seok ; Seo, Il-Seong ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 10, 2000, Pages 2603~2609
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.10.2603
In this paper, track tension estimation methods are developed for tracked vehicles which are subject to various maneuvering tasks such as longitudinal driving on sloping and/or rough roads. The information of the track tension is very important for the tracked vehicles because the track tension is closely related to the maneuverability and the durability of the tracked vehicles. A modified 3 DOF dynamics model is derived for the tracked vehicles and is utilized for estimating the tractive force and track tension for the longitudinal driving case. The tension estimation performance of the proposed methods is verified through the simulation of the Multi-body Dynamics tool. The simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method under various maneuvering tasks of the tracked vehicles
The Prediction of Elastic Deformation of Forging Die to Improve Dimensional Accuracy
Choe, Jong-Ung ; Lee, Yeong-Seon ; Lee, Jeong-Hwan ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 10, 2000, Pages 2610~2618
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.10.2610
In this paper, the elastic deformation of cold forging die has been investigated to improve the accuracy of forged parts with FEM analysis and experiments using the strain gages. In the finite element analysis, two types of analysis are used to predict elastic deformation of die. The one is that dies are considered to be elastic body from initial stage to final one, and the other is that the dies are considered to be rigid body during forging simulation and then considered to be elastic body at elastic analysis. Considering the results of analysis and experiments, it is likely that the analytical results are in good agreement with experimental inspections. The method using the elastic assumption of die relatively takes a lot of time to simulate the forming operation. However, It is better that using an elastic die to predict not only the shape of product but also filling of die cavity
A Study on the Vibrational Characteristics of a Foot Mount Type Gearbox for Epicyclic Gear Train
Lee, Dong-Hwan ; Yun, In-Seong ; Cheon, Gil-Jeong ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 10, 2000, Pages 2619~2627
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.10.2619
In this paper, the vibrational characteristics of a foot mount type gearbox for epicyclic gear train have been studied. The modal parameters and mode shapes of a gearbox have been computed using AN SYS code. Modal testing was carried out to verify the FEM analysis model. It has been shown that the analysis results are in good agreements with the experimental results. Harmonic analysis has been executed to verify the effect of thickness variance of gearbox housing on the modal response. Analyzing the calculated results, some guides for optimal vibration response has been deduced
A Densification Model for Mixed Metal Powder Under Cold Compaction
Jo, Jang-Hyeok ; Jo, Jin-Ho ; Kim, Gi-Tae ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 10, 2000, Pages 2628~2636
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.10.2628
Densification behavior of mixed copper and tool steel powder under cold compaction- was investigated. By mixing the yield functions proposed by Fleck et al. and by Gurson for pure powder in terms o f volume fractions and contact numbers of Cu powder, new mixed yield functions were employed for densification of powder composites under cold compaction. The constitutive equations were implemented into a finite element program (ABAQUS) to compare with experimental data and with calculated results from the model of Kim et al. for densification of mixed powder under cold isostatic pressing and cold die compaction. Finite element calculations by using the yield functions mixed by contact numbers of Cu powder agreed better with experimental data than those by volume fractions of Cu powder.
The Theory of Thin-Walled Curved Rectangular Box Beams Under Torsion and Out-of-Plane Bending
Kim, Yun-Yeong ; Kim, Yeong-Gyu ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 10, 2000, Pages 2637~2645
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.10.2637
We propose a new one-dimensional theory for thin-walled curved box beams having rectangular cross sections, in which torsional, out-of-plane bending, warping and distortional deformations are coupled. The major difference between the present theory and existing theories lies in that the present theory takes into account additional distortion as well as warping. To verify the present theory, a standard finite element based on the present theory is developed and used for numerical analysis. A couple of numerical examples indeed confirm that the consideration of warping and distortional deformations is very important.
Take Off Characteristics of Slider for Various LZT Disks and Ambient Pressures
Lee, Sang-Min ; Kim, Dae-Eun ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 10, 2000, Pages 2646~2653
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.10.2646
The performance of slider of a hard disk drive affects the durability of the system. Particularly, the flying ability of the slider is critical in terms of surface damage and head crash. In this work, the take-off characteristics of the slider for various types of laser zone textured bump geometries were investigated. Also, the effect of ambient pressure on the flying characteristics of the slider was experimentally observed. An index of air density which can be used as a parameter for evaluating the flying characteristic is introduced.
Development and Sensitivity Analysis of Life Estimation Program for Turbine Rotors
Park, Jae-Sil ; Seok, Chang-Sung ; Suh, Myung-Won ; Hong, Kyung-Tae ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 10, 2000, Pages 2654~2663
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.10.2654
Steam turbine rotors are the most critical and highly stressed components of a steam power plant; therefore, the life expectancy of the turbine rotor is an important consideration for the safety of a steam power plant. The objective of this paper is to develop a life estimation program for turbine rotors for all possible operating conditions. For this purpose, finite element analysis was carried out for four normal operating modes (cold, warm, hot and very hot starts) using ABAQUS codes. The results are made into databases to evaluate the life expenditure for an actual operating condition. For any other possible abnormal operating condition, the operating data are transmitted to the server (workstation) through a network to carry out finite element analysis. Damage estimation is carried out by transmitting the finite element analysis results to the personal computer, and then the life expectancy is calculated.