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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 12 - Dec 2000
Volume 24, Issue 11 - Nov 2000
Volume 24, Issue 10 - Oct 2000
Volume 24, Issue 9 - Sep 2000
Volume 24, Issue 8 - Aug 2000
Volume 24, Issue 7 - Jul 2000
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Jun 2000
Volume 24, Issue 5 - May 2000
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Apr 2000
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Mar 2000
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Feb 2000
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Jan 2000
Selecting the target year
Development of Estimation Model Are Stability Considering Arc Extinction with Multiple Regression Analysis in
Gang, Mun-Jin ; Lee, Se-Heon ; U, Jae-Jin ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 8, 2000, Pages 1885~1898
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.8.1885
Welding quality is closely related to the arc state. So, it is very important to estimate the arc state in real time. In the short circuit transfer region of CO2 are welding, the spatter , as it is well known, is mainly generated on an instance of short circuit or on an instance that the are is ignited after short circuit, or on the cases of an instantaneous short circuit. If the short circuit period or the arc time is irregular, the spatter is generated more than it is regular. Thus there is a close relationship of the amount of the spatter generation with the arc stability. In this paper, to develop the index for estimating the arc stability in short circuit transfer range Of CO2 arc welding, the welding current and are voltage waveforms were measured and the spatter generated was captured and measured. The correlation analysis of the measured amount of the spatter with the factors (the components and the standard deviations of the components) was performed, and the factors that have a considerable influence on the spatter generation among all factors were selected. And some cases of models consisted of the factors were presented, and a mathematical index model which can make an estimation the amount of the spatter from these models with multiple regression analysis. Also, it was compared how much the amount of the spatter generated under the selected welding conditions do these index models fit, and the index model to estimate the arc stability which represent the spatter generation most appropriately was developed
Robust Yaw-Moment Control Based on Brake Switching for the Enhancement of Vehicle Performance and Stability
Ahn, Woo-Sung ; Park, Jong-Hyeon ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 8, 2000, Pages 1899~1909
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.8.1899
This paper proposes a new
yaw moment control scheme using brake torque switching for improving vehicle performance and stability especially in high speed driving. In the scheme, one wheel is selected, depending on the vehicle states, at which a brake torque for control is applied. Steering angles are modeled as a disturbance to the system and the
controller is designed to minimize the difference between the performance of the vehicle and that of the desired model. Its performance robustness as well as stability robustness to system parameter variations is assured through
-analysis. Various simulations with a nonlinear 8-DOF vehicle model show that proposed controller enhances the vehicle performance and stability under disturbances and parameter variations as well as under the normal driving condition.
A Study on the 43
Degradation Behavior of Cast Stainless Steel(CF8M)(I);Evaluation of Degradation mechanism, Static and Fatigue Strength
Gwon, Jae-Do ; Park, Jung-Cheol ; Lee, Yong-Seon ; Lee, U-Ho ; Park, Yun-Won ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 8, 2000, Pages 1910~1916
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.8.1910
The five classes of the thermally aged CF8M specimen are prepared using an artificially accelerated aging method. Namely, after the specimens are held for 100, 300, 900, 1800, and 3600hrs at 430
respectively, the specimens are water-cooled to room temperature. The impact energy variations are measures for both the aged and virgin specimens through the Charpy impact tests in addition to the microstructure observation, tensile, hardness and fatigue crack growth tests. From the present investigation the following results are obtained : 1) The difference among the thermally degraded specimens can be distinguished through their microstructures, 2) Hardness and tensile strength are increased to 300hrs, degradation specimen, while elongation and reduction area are decreased to 3600hrs degradation specimen, and impact energy is decreased to 1800hrs degradation specimen, 3) The FCG rates for thermally degraded specimens are larger than that of the virgin specimen.
SHPB인장 시험에서 알루미늄 합금의 진응력-진변형률 관계
Yang, Hyeon-Mo ; Min, Ok-Gi ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 8, 2000, Pages 1917~1922
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.8.1917
The split Hokinson pressure bar(SHPB) test has been used to find the mechanical property of materials at high strain rate. A tensile split Hopkinson pressure bar test system is developed and the threaded tensile specimen and the split collar are placed between elastic bars. When the compressive elastic wave generated by a striker is transferred from the transmit bar to the incident bar, some elastic wave is reflected at the threaded parts of the specimen and the transmit bar. This reflected wave can interfere with the transmitted wave. A proper length of elastic bars and the location of strain gage in these elastic bars are determined to avoid this interference. In order to avoid the interference of elastic wave reflected at the threaded parts of specimen and elastic bar, the length of transmit bar must be longer than that of incident bar. Strain gage in transmit bar must be located as close as possible from the interface of a transmit bar and specimen. In the developed tensile SHPB test system, A12011-T3 and A17075-T6 are tested to get the true stress-strain relation in the range of strain rate at 103 /sec
Bending Waves Propagating in a Bar with Periodically Nonuniform Material Properties
Kim, Jin-O ; Mun, Byeong-Hwan ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 8, 2000, Pages 1923~1930
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.8.1923
A bar with periodically nonuniform material properties is selected as a one-dimensional model of a flat-panel speaker. This paper describes a theoretical approach to the bending waves propagating i n the nonuniform bar. The phase speed of the wave is obtained using perturbation techniques for small amplitude, sinusoidal modulation of the flexural rigidity and mass density. It is shown that the wave speed is decreased due to the nonuniformity of the material properties by the amount proportional to the square of the modulation amplitude. The resonance occurring when the wavelength is half of the period of the material properties is analyzed by the method of multiple scales. It is also shown that the wave speed at the resonance mode is decreased by the amount proportional to the modulation amplitude but the wave of this mode does not propagate far enough due to attenuation
A Study on the Hydraulic Excitation Forces Using Transfer Function and Operational Measured Data for the Centrifugal Pump
Choi, Bok-Lok ; Park, Jin-Moo ; Kim, Kwang-Eun ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 8, 2000, Pages 1931~1939
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.8.1931
Operating excitation forces of the linear vibratory system are normally determined by direct measurement techniques using load cells, strain gauges, etc. But, hydraulic forces of the rotating turbomachinery such as centrifugal pumps are exerted on an impeller due to asymmety of the flow by the interaction between pump impeller and volute. So, investigations of wide range of hydraulic designs and geometric deviations are difficult by direct method. This paper presents a hybrid approach for fourier transformed operational excitation forces, which uses pseudo-inverse matrix of the transfer matrix for the system and the measured vibrational data with standard installed pump. The determination of the transfer function matrix is based on a linear rotor/stationary system and steady state harmonic response in finite element analysis. And, vibrational data is collected in both vertical and horizontal directions at inboard and outboard bearing housings. The results of the process may be enhanced by making acceleration measurements at many more locations than there are forces to be determined.
Design Optimization of Deep Groove Ball Bearing with Discrete Variables for High-Load Capacity
Yun, Gi-Chan ; Jo, Yeong-Seok ; Choe, Dong-Hun ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 8, 2000, Pages 1940~1948
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.8.1940
A design method for maximizing fatigue life of the deep groove ball bearing without enlarging mounting space is proposed by using a genetic algorithm. The use of gradient-based optimization methods for the design of the bearing is restricted because this design problem is characterized by the presence of discrete design variables such as the number of balls and standard ball diameter. Therefore, the design problem of rolling element bearings is a constrained discrete optimization problem. A genetic algorithm using real coding is used to efficiently find the optimum discrete design values. To effectively deal with the design constraints, a ranking method is suggested for constructing a fitness function in the genetic algorithm. Constrains for manufacturing are applied in optimization scheme. Results obtained for several 63 series deep groove ball bearings demonstrated the effectiveness of the proposed design methodology by showing that the average basic dynamic capacities of optimally designed bearings increased about 9-34% compared with the standard ones.
Structural Optimization under Equivalent Static Loads Transformed from Dynamic Loads Based on Displacement
Gang, Byeong-Su ; Choe, U-Seok ; Park, Gyeong-Jin ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 8, 2000, Pages 1949~1957
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.8.1949
All the loads in the real world act dynamically on structures. Since dynamic loads are extremely difficult to handle in analysis and design, static loads are utilized with dynamic factors. The dyna mic factors are generally determined based on experiences. Therefore, the static loads can cause problems in precise analysis and design. An analytical method based on modal analysis has been proposed for the transformation of dynamic loads into equivalent static load sets. Equivalent static load sets are calculated to generate an identical displacement field in a structure with that from dynamic loads at a certain time. The process is derived and evaluated mathematically. The method is verified through numerical tests. Various characteristics are identified to match the dynamic and the static behaviors. For example, the opposite direction of a dynamic load should be considered due to the vibration response. A dynamic bad is transformed to multiple equivalent static loads according to the number of the critical times. The places of the equivalent static load can be different from those of the dynamic load. An optimization method is defined to use the equivalent static loads. The developed optimization process has the same effect as the dynamic optimization which uses the dynamic loads directly. Standard examples are solved and the results are discussed
Development of New Rapid Prototyping System Performing both Deposition and Machining(I);Process and Framework
Heo, Jeong-Hun ; Hwang, Jae-Cheol ; Lee, Geon-U ; Kim, Jong-Won ; Han, Dong-Cheol ; Ju, Jong-Nam ; Park, Jong-U ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 8, 2000, Pages 1958~1967
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.8.1958
Rapid Prototyping( RP ) has been increasingly applied in the process of design and development of new products. RP can shrink the time and expense required to bring a new product from initial concept to production. However, the necessity of using RP for short-run manufacturing is continuously driving a development of a cost-effective technique that will produce completely-finished quality parts in a very short time. To meet these demands, the improvements in production speed, accuracy materials, and cost are crucial. Thus, a new hybrid-RP system performing both deposition and machining in a station is proposed in this paper. It incorporates both material deposition in layers and material removal from the outer surface of the layer to produce the required surface finish. The new hybrid-RP system can dramatically reduce the total build time and fabricate largo-sized and freeform objects because it uses very thick layers, i.e.
Warpage Analysis of Fiber Reinforced Injection Molded Parts
Chung, Seong-Taek ; Kim, Jin-Gon ; Koo, Bon-Heung ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 8, 2000, Pages 1968~1799
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.8.1968
A warpage analysis program has been developed for fiber-reinforced injection molded parts. The warpage is predicted from the residual stress and anisotropic thermo-mechanical properties coupled with fiber orientation in the integrated injection molding simulation. A simple elastic model is used for the calculation of thermally and pressure-induced residual stresses which are employed as the initial conditions in the structural analysis. To improve the reliability of warpage analysis, a new triangular flat shell element superimposing well-known efficient plate bending and membrane element is presented. The numerical examples address the necessity to use anisotropic models for fiber-reinforced materials and show that predicted warpage is in good agreement with experimentally measured one.
Analysis of the Free Vibrations of Rectangular Plates Using Database
No, Seung-Hun ; Jo, Han-Jung ; Choe, Eun-Hwan ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 8, 2000, Pages 1978~1990
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.8.1978
In this study, the free vibrations of the cantilever plate, which is one of the most frequently used elements in various machine structures, are analyzed and further the results are utilized to develop the methodology to predict and control the natural frequencies for designing stabilized systems. The proposed method has three major steps. The first step is the frequency response test to investigate the natural frequencies of some plates, then the database is constituted from experiments and the FEM, and finally the natural frequencies are predicted using the database to be cross-checked by the identification test. The result of this study will help design many different stable structures without any complicated calculations.
A Study on the Critical Speed of Railway Vehicles
Jeong, U-Jin ; Kim, Seong-Won ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 8, 2000, Pages 1991~1999
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.8.1991
This research has been performed to reveal the hysteresis phenomena of the hunting motion in a railway passenger car having a bolster. Since linear analysis can not explain them, bifurcation analysis is used to predict its outbreak velocities in this paper. However bifurcation analysis is attended with huge computing time, thus this research proposes more effective numerical algorithm to reduce it than previous researches. Stability of periodic solution is obtained by adapting of Floquet theory while stability of equilibrium solutions is obtained by eigen-value analysis. As a result, linear and nonlinear critical speed are acquired. Full scale roller rig test is carried out for the validation of the numerical result. Finally, it is certified that there are many similarities between numerical and test results.
Fracture Mechanics Analysis of Cracked Plate Repaired by Patch (I)
Jeong, Gi-Hyeon ; Yang, Won-Ho ; Jo, Myeong-Rae ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 8, 2000, Pages 2000~2006
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.8.2000
The enhancement of service life of damaged or cracked structures is currently major issue to the researchers and engineers. In order to improve the life of cracked aging aircraft structures, the repair technique which uses adhesively bonded boron/epoxy composite patches is being widely considered as a cost-effective and reliable method. This paper is to study the performance of the bonded composite patch repair of a plate containing an inclined central through-crack. A 3-dimensional finite element method having three layers to the cracked plate, composite patch and adhesive layer, is used to compute the stress intensity factor. In this paper, the reduction of stress intensity factors near the crack-tip are determined to evaluate the effects of various non-dimensional design parameter including composite patch thickness, and material properties of the composite patch and thickness of the adhesive layer, materials of patch etc., and the crack length, Finally, The problem of how to optimize the patch geometric configurations has been discussed
Analysis of Propagating Crack In Isotropic Material under Dynamic Mode I Constant Displacement
Lee, Gwang-Ho ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 8, 2000, Pages 2007~2014
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.8.2007
It has been reported that the dynamic stress intensity factor for a propagating crack is increasing or decreasing according to the increasement of the crack propagating velocity. It is confirmed in this study that the increasement or decreasement of stress intensity factor with crack growing velocity is accused by loading condition. When the crack propagates under a constant displacement along upper and lower boundary in finite plate, the dynamic stress intensity factor decreases according to the increasement of the propagating crack velocity. When the crack propagates under a constant stress along upper and lower boundary in finite plate, the dynamic stress intensity factor increases according to the increasement of the propagating crack velocity. The increasement or decreasement of stress intensity factor with crack growing velocity is greater in a fast crack propagation velocity than in a slow one.
Development of a Three Dimensional Elastic Plastic Analysis System for the Integrity Evaluation of Nuclear Power Plant Components
Huh, Nam-Su ; Im, Chang-Ju ; Kim, Young-Jin ; Pyo, Chang-Ryul ; Park, Chi-Yong ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 8, 2000, Pages 2015~2021
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.8.2015
In order to evaluate the integrity of nuclear power plant components, the analysis based on fracture mechanics is crucial. For this purpose, finite element method is popularly used to obtain J-integral. However, it is time consuming to design the finite element model of a cracked structure. Also, the J-integral should be verified by alternative methods since it may differ depending on the calculation method. The objective of this paper is to develop a three-dimensional elastic-plastic J-integral analysis system which is named as EPAS program. The EPAS program consists of an automatic mesh generator for a through-wall crack and a surface crack, a solver based on ABAQUS program, and a J-integral calculation program which provides DI (Domain Integral) and EDI (Equivalent Domain Integral) based J-integral calculation. Using the EPAS program, an optimized finite element model for a cracked structure can be generated and corresponding J-integral can be obtained subsequently.
The Effects of Surface Roughness and Bond Thickness on the Fatigue Life of Adhesively Bonded Tubular Single Lap Joints
Gwon, Jae-Uk ; Lee, Dae-Gil ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 8, 2000, Pages 2022~2031
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.8.2022
Since the surface roughness of adherends affects much the strength of adhesivelybonded joints, the effect of surface roughness on the fatigue life of adhesively bonded tubular single lap joints was investigated analytically and experimentally by fatigue torsion test. The stiffness of the interfacial layer between adherends and adhesive was modeled as a normal statistical distribution function of surface roughness of adherends. From the investigation, it was found that the optimum surface roughness of adherends for the fatigue strength of tubular single lap joints was dependent on bondthickness and applied load.
Fabrication of HTZ/Al
p Hybrid MMCs and Properties Degradation Due to Aging
Nam, Hyeon-Uk ; Jeong, Seong-Uk ; Kim, Seong-Cheol ; Im, Tae-Won ; Han, Gyeong-Seop ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 8, 2000, Pages 2032~2041
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.8.2032
Characteristic Analysis of Powder Forging Processes for Engine Pistons by Finite Element Analysis
Jo, Jin-Rae ; Ju, Yeong-Sin ; Kim, Yeong-Ho ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 8, 2000, Pages 2042~2049
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.8.2042
This paper is concerned with the comparison of forging characteristics between forward and backward processes, through the three-dimensional finite element simulation, for the aluminum powder forging of engine pistons. Starting from the theoretical formulation of velocity and temperature fields in the sintered preform during the process, we examine the comparative distributions of relative density, effective stress and temperature as well as the variations of total forging load and total volume reduction. Through the comparative results, we find out that the forward method provides better forging characteristics than the backward method.
Inverse Dynamic Analysis of Constrained Multibody Systems Considering Friction Forces on Kinematic Joints
Park, Jeong-Hun ; Yu, Hong-Hui ; Hwang, Yo-Ha ; Bae, Dae-Seong ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 8, 2000, Pages 2050~2058
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.8.2050
A method for the inverse dynamic analysis of constrained multibody systems considering friction forces acting on kinematic joints is presented in this paper. The stiction and the sliding which represent zero and non-zero relative motions are considered during the inverse dynamic analysis. Actuating forces to control the position or the orientation of constrained multibody systems are usually calculated in the inverse dynamic analysis. An iterative procedure need to be employed to calculate the actuating forces when the friction is considered. Furthermore, the actuating forces are not uniquely determined during the stiction. These difficulties are resolved by the method presented in this paper.
Influence of the Hole Eccentricity in Residual Stresses Measurement by the Hole-drilling Method
Kim, Cheol ; Seok, Chang-Seong ; Yang, Won-Ho ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 8, 2000, Pages 2059~2064
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.8.2059
The measurement of residual stresses by the hole-drilling method has been commonly used to evaluate residual stresses in structural members. In this method, one of the source of error is due to the misalignment between the drilling hole and strain gage center. This paper presents a finite element analysis of the influence of such misalignment for the uniaxial residual stress field. The stress error increases proportionally to hole eccentricity. The correction equations which easily obtain the residual stress taking account of the hole eccentricity are derived. The stress error due to the hole eccentricity decreases by approximately one percent using this equations.
폐회로 기구학적 구조의 벽면이동 로봇 설계
Lee, Jeong-Hun ; Ryu, Seong-Mu ; Choe, Hyeok-Ryeol ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 8, 2000, Pages 2065~2073
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.8.2065
In this paper, we present a wall climbing robot whose gate pattern takes after those of specialized climbing animals such as spiders. Characteristic features of the biological locomotion are partly realized in the design of the mechanism. The robot has two legs and a trunk. Each one-dof leg with suction pads is driven by a motor which employs a closed loop linkage mechanism, and the trunk with suction pads steers the whole body of the robot using a motor. By generating adequate trajectories of the leg and simultaneously alternating the suction pattern between the legs and the trunk, we can achieve the spider like motion. The proposed idea is implemented in a robot and some tests are performed to evaluate its performance.
Fatigue Life Prediction for High Strength AI-alloy under Variable Amplitude Loading
Sim, Dong-Seok ; Kim, Gang-Beom ; Kim, Jeong-Gyu ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 8, 2000, Pages 2074~2082
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.8.2074
In this study, to investigate and to predict the crack growth behavior under variable amplitude loading, crack growth tests are conducted on 7075-T6 aluminum alloy. The loading wave forms are generated by normal random number generator. All wave forms have same average and RMS(root mean square) value, but different standard deviation, which is to vary the maximum load in each wave. The modified Forman's equation is used as crack growth equation. Using the retardation coefficient D defined in previous study, the load interaction effect is considered. The variability in crack growth process is described by the random variable Z which was obtained from crack growth tests under constant amplitude loading in previous work. From these, a statistical model is developed. The curves predicted by the proposed model well describe the crack growth behavior under variable amplitude loading and agree with experimental data. In addition, this model well predicts the variability in crack growth process under variable amplitude loading.
Development of a RVIES Syetem for Reactor Vessel Integrity Evaluation
Lee, Taek-Jin ; Choe, Jae-Bung ; Kim, Yeong-Jin ; Park, Yun-Won ; Jeong, Myeong-Jo ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 8, 2000, Pages 2083~2090
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.8.2083
In order to manage nuclear power plants safely and cost effectively, it is necessary to develop integrity evaluation methodologies for the main components. Recently, the integrity evaluation techniques were broadly studied regarding the license renewal of nuclear power plants which were approaching their design lives. Since the integrity evaluation process requires special knowledges and complicated calculation procedures, it has been allowed only to experts in the specified area. In this paper, an integrity evaluation system for reactor pressure vessel was developed. RVIES(Reactor Vessel Integrity Evaluation System) provides four specific integrity evaluation procedures covering PTS(Pressurized Thermal Shock) analysis, P-T(Pressure-Temperature) limit curve generation, USE(Upper Shelf Energy) analysis and Fatigue analysis. Each module was verified by comparing with published results.
Adaptive Wavelet-Galerkin Method for Structural Ananlysis
Kim, Yun-Yeong ; Jang, Gang-Won ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 8, 2000, Pages 2091~2099
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.8.2091
The object of the present study is to present an adaptive wavelet-Galerkin method for the analysis of thin-walled box beam. Due to good localization properties of wavelets, wavelet methods emerge as alternative efficient solution methods to finite element methods. Most structural applications of wavelets thus far are limited in fixed-scale, non-adaptive frameworks, but this is not an appropriate use of wavelets. On the other hand, the present work appears the first attempt of an adaptive wavelet-based Galerkin method in structural problems. To handle boundary conditions, a fictitous domain method with penalty terms is employed. The limitation of the fictitious domain method is also addressed.
An Efficient Adaptive Wavelet-Collocation Method Using Lifted Interpolating Wavelets
Kim, Yun-Yeong ; Kim, Jae-Eun ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 8, 2000, Pages 2100~2107
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.8.2100
The wavelet theory is relatively a new development and now acquires popularity and much interest in many areas including mathematics and engineering. This work presents an adaptive wavelet method for a numerical solution of partial differential equations in a collocation sense. Due to the multi-resolution nature of wavelets, an adaptive strategy can be easily realized it is easy to add or delete the wavelet coefficients as resolution levels progress. Typical wavelet-collocation methods use interpolating wavelets having no vanishing moment, but we propose a new wavelet-collocation method on modified interpolating wavelets having 2 vanishing moments. The use of the modified interpolating wavelets obtained by the lifting scheme requires a smaller number of wavelet coefficients as well as a smaller condition number of system matrices. The latter property makes a preconditioned conjugate gradient solver more useful for efficient analysis.
Buckling Analysis of Two Isotropic Layers Bonded to a Semi-Infinite Substrate
Jeong, Gyeong-Mun ; Beom, Hyeon-Gyu ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 8, 2000, Pages 2108~2114
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.8.2108
The buckling of two elastic layers bonded to a semi-infinite substrate under a transverse compressive plane strain is investigated. Incremental deformation theory, which considers the effect of the initial stress on the incremental stress field, is employed to describe the buckling behavior of both two isotropic layers and the semi-infinite substrate. The problem is converted to an eigenvalue-eigenvector case, from which the critical buckling strain and the buckling wavelength are obtained. The results are presented on the effects of the layer geometries and material properties on the buckling behavior.
An Analysis for Delaminations Using Energy Release Rate in CFRP Laminates
Gang, Gi-Won ; Kim, Jeong-Gyu ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 8, 2000, Pages 2115~2122
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.8.2115
The understanding of impact-induced delamination is important in safety and reliability of composite structure. In this study, a model for arrest toughness is proposed in consideration of fracture behavior of composite materials. Also, the probabilistic model is proposed to describe the variability of arrest toughness due to the nonhomogeneity of material. For these models, experiments were conducted on the Carbon/Epoxy composite plates with various thickness using the impact hammer. The elastic work factor used in J-Integral is applicable to the evaluation of energy release rate. The fracture behavior can be described by crack arrest concept and the arrest toughness is independent of the delamination size. Additionally, a probabilistic characteristics of arrest toughness is well described by the Weibull distribution function. A variation of arrest toughness increases with specimen thickness.
On-line Estimation of Radial Immersion Ratio Using Cutting Force and Instantaneous Cutting Force Ratio in Face Milling
Kim, Myeong-Gon ; Gwon, Won-Tae ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 8, 2000, Pages 2123~2130
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.8.2123
Radial immersion ratio is an important factor to determine the threshold in face milling and should be estimated in process for automatic force regulation. In this paper, presented is a method of on-line estimation of the radial immersion ratio using cutting force. When a tooth finishes sweeping, sudden drop of cutting forces occurs. This force drop is equal to the cutting force that acts on a single tooth at the swept angle of cut and can be obtained from cutting force signal in feed and cross-feed direction. The ratio of cutting forces in feed and cross-feed directions acting on the single tooth at the swept angle of cut is a function of the swept angle of cut and the ratio of radial to tangential cutting force. In the research, it is found that the ratio of radial to tangential cutting force is not affected by cutting conditions and axial rake angle. Therefore, the ratio of radial to tangential cutting force determined by just one preliminary experiment can be used regardless of the cutting conditions. Using the measured cutting force and predetermined ratio, the radial immersion ratio is estimated. Various experiments show that the radial immersion ratio and instantaneous ratio of the radial to tangential direction cutting force can be estimated very well by the proposed method.
Optimization of Job-Shop Schedule Considering Deadlock Avoidance
Jeong, Dong-Jun ; Lee, Du-Yong ; Im, Seong-Jin ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 8, 2000, Pages 2131~2142
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.8.2131
As recent production facilities are usually operated with unmanned material-handling system, the development of an efficient schedule with deadlock avoidance becomes a critical problem. Related researches on deadlock avoidance usually focus on real-time control of manufacturing system using deadlock avoidance policy. But little off-line optimization of deadlock-free schedule has been reported. This paper presents an optimization method for deadlock-free scheduling for Job-Shop system with no buffer. The deadlock-free schedule is acquired by the procedure that generates candidate lists of waiting operations, and applies a deadlock avoidance policy. To verify the proposed approach, simulation resultsare presented for minimizing makespan in three problem types. According to the simulation results the effect of each deadlock avoidance policy is dependent on the type of problem. When the proposed LOEM (Last Operation Exclusion Method) is employed, computing time for optimization as well as makespan is reduced.
Design Analysis and Experimental Evaluation of an MR Fluid Clutch
Lee, U-Seop ; Kim, Tae-Gyun ; Heo, Nam-Geon ; Jeon, Do-Yeong ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 8, 2000, Pages 2143~2150
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.8.2143
An MRC(Magneto-rheological Clutch) has a great potential of application because of its good transmissibility, little wear-out and fast response to electrical control signal. Though many MRCs have been developed for years, there has not been an research on the method to predict the performance of MRC except the simplified mathematical models. But the simplified mathematical models do not fit well since their performance has close relations with shapes of clutches and viscosity distribution throughout the fluids caused by applied magnetic fields. in this study, the CFD and FEM analyses were applied to various shape of MRC and the methods were examined in experiments.