Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 12 - Dec 2000
Volume 24, Issue 11 - Nov 2000
Volume 24, Issue 10 - Oct 2000
Volume 24, Issue 9 - Sep 2000
Volume 24, Issue 8 - Aug 2000
Volume 24, Issue 7 - Jul 2000
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Jun 2000
Volume 24, Issue 5 - May 2000
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Apr 2000
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Mar 2000
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Feb 2000
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Jan 2000
Selecting the target year
Performance Evaluation of a Mixed-Mode Type ER Engine Mount(II)-Performance Evaluation Via HILS-
Choe, Yeong-Tae ; Choe, Seung-Bok ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 9, 2000, Pages 2151~2158
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.9.2151
This paper presents vibration control performance of a passenger vehicle installed with the mixed-mode type ER engine mounts. The performance is evaluated via hardware-in-the-loop-simulation(HILS) method. As a first step, a dynamic model of a vehicle featuring the ER engine mounts is formulated by taking into account the engine excitation forces. A new type of the fuzzy skyhook controller is then established in order to control both engine and body vibrations. This is accomplished by adopting a weighting parameter between two performance criteria which is to be determined from the fuzzy algorithm. Vertical displacement and acceleration of the engine mount obtained from the HILS method are provided in the frequency domain. In addition, vibration control performance between the conventional hydraulic engine mount and the proposed engine mount is compared in the time and frequency domains.
Air Jet Effect on Performance Improvement of Non-Contact Type Seals for Oil Mist Lubrication Systems
Na, Byeong-Cheol ; Jeon, Gyeong-Jin ; Han, Dong-Cheol ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 9, 2000, Pages 2159~2166
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.9.2159
Recently, high performance machining center requires special type of sealing mechanism that prevent a leakage of oil jet or oil mist lubrication system. Sealing of oil-air mixture plays important r oles to have an enhanced lubrication for performance machining center. Current work emphasizes on investigations of the air jet effect on the protective collar type labyrinth seal. To improve sealing capabilities of conventional labyrinth seals, air jet is injected against the leakage flow. In this study, an adapted model is introduced to improve sealing capability of conventional non-contact type seals. It has a combined geometry of a protective collar type and an air jet type. Both of a numerical analysis by CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) and experimental measurements are carried out to verify sealing improvement. The sealing effects of the leakage clearance and the air jet magnitude aic studied in various parameters. Gas or liquid has been used as a working fluid for most of nori-contact types seals including the labyrinth seal. However, it is more reasonable to regard two-phase flows because oil mist or oil jet are used for high performance spindle's lubrication. In this study, working fluid is regarded as two phases that are mixed flow of oil and air phase. Both of turbulence and compressible flow model are also introduced in a CFD analysis to represent an isentropic process. Estimation of non-leaking property is determined by amount of pressure drop in the leakage path. Results of pressure drop in the experiment match reasonably to those of the simulation by introducing a flow coefficient. Effect of the sealing improvement is explained as decreasing of leakage clearance by air jetting. Thus, sealing effect is improved by amount of air jetting even though clearance becomes larger
Measurement of the Shape of the Cold Neutron Source Vertical Hole by Ultrasonic Wave Sensor
Park, Guk-Nam ; Choe, Chang-Ung ; Sim, Cheol-Mu ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 9, 2000, Pages 2167~2173
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.9.2167
The HANARO (High-flux Advanced Neutron Application Reactor) has operated since 1995. The Cold Neutron(CN) hole was implanted in the reflector tank from the design stage. Before a vacuum chamber and a moderator cell for the cold neutron source are installed into the CN hole, it is necessary to measure the exact size of the inside diameter and thickness of the CN hole to prevent the interference problem. Due to inaccessibility and high radiation field in the CN hole, a mechanical measurement method is not permitted. The immersion ultrasonic technique is considered as the best method to measure the thickness and the diameter. The 4 axis manipulator of the 2 channel of a sensor module was fabricated. The transducer of 10 MHz results in 0.03 nun of resolution. The inside diameter and thickness for 550 points of the CN hole were measured using 2 channel ultrasonic sensors. The results showed that the thickness is in the range of 13-6.7 mm and inside diameter is in the range of o 156-165. These data will be a good reference in the design of a cold neutron source facility.
Evaluation of Fracture Toughness by Energy Release Rate for Interface Crack in Adhesively Bonded Joints
Jeong, Nam-Yong ; Lee, Myeong-Dae ; Gang, Sam-Geun ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 9, 2000, Pages 2174~2183
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.9.2174
In this paper, the evaluation method of interfacial fracture toughness to apply the fracture toughness was investigated in adhesively bonded joints of AI/Ced./A1. Four types of adhesively bonded double-cantilever beam(DCB) joints with the interface crack were prepared for the test of interfacial fracture toughness. The experiments to measure the interfacial fracture toughness were performed under the various mixed-mode conditions. The critical energy release rate, Gc, was obtained by the experimental measurement of compliances. From the experimental results, the interfacial fracture toughness for the mixed-mode specimens is well characterized by the energy release rate, and the method of strength evaluation by the interfacial fracture toughness was discussed in adhesively bonded joints
A Study on the 43
Degradation Behavior of Cast Stainless Steel(CF8M)(II)-Evaluation of Low Cycle Fatigue Characteristics-
Gwon, Jae-Do ; U, Seung-Wan ; Park, Jung-Cheol ; Lee, Yong-Seon ; Park, Yun-Won ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 9, 2000, Pages 2183~2190
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.9.2183
A thermal aging is observed in a primary reactor cooling system(RCS) made of a casting stainless steel when the RCS is exposed for long period at the reactor operating temperature, 290~3300C An investigation of effects of thermal aging on a low cycle fatigue characteristics included a stress variations caused by a reactor operation and trip, is required. The purpose of the present investigation is to find an effect of a thermal aging of the CF8M on a low cycle fatigue life. The specimen of CF8M are prepared by an artificially accelerated aging technique holding 300 and 1800hr at 4300C respectively. The low cycle fatigue tests for the virgin and two aged specimens are performed at the room temperature for various strain amplitudes(
ta), 0.3, 0.5, 0.8, 1.0, 1.2 and 1.5% strain. Through the experiment, it is found that the fatigue life is rapidly reduced with an creasing of the aging time. The experimental fatigue life estimation formulas between the virgin and two aged specimen are obtained and are proposed to a analysis purpose.
End Effects of Thin-Walled Beams with General Quadrilateral Cross Sections
Kim, Jin-Hong ; Kim, Yun-Yeong ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 9, 2000, Pages 2191~2201
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.9.2191
End effects due to sectional deformations of thin-walled beams with closed cross section are analysed by a one-dimensional theory. In particular, end effects associated with warping (out of plane m otion) and distortion (in plane motion) are investigated. The exact solutions as a vector form are newly derived to reveal slowly-decaying nature of the end effects in a thin-walled beam loaded by a couple. Several examples of thin-walled beams under various loading conditions indicate that the local end effect zone due to warping and distortion is approximately ten times the typical beam width.
Vibration Analysis of Rotating Disk-Spindle System Using Finite Element Method and Substructure Synthesis
Jeong, Myeong-Su ; Jang, Geon-Hui ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 9, 2000, Pages 2201~2210
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.9.2201
Vibration of a rotating disk-spindle system is analyzed by using Hamilton's principle, FEM and substructure synthesis. A rotating disk undergoes the rigid body motion and the elastic deformation. It s equation of motion is derived by Kirchhoff plate theory and von Karman nonlinear strain. A rotating shaft is described by Rayleigh beam theory considering the axial rigid body motion. The stationay shaft supporting the rotating disk-spindle-bearing system is modeled by Euler beam theory, and the stiffness of ball bearing is determined by A.B.Jones' theory. FEM is used to solve the derived governing equations, and substructure synthesis is introduced to assemble each structure of the rotating disk-spindle system. The developed theory is applied to the spindle system of a 35' computer hard disk drive with 3 disks to verify the simulation results. The simulation results agree very well with the experimental ones. The proposed theory may be effectively expanded to the complex structure of a disk-spindle system.
Optimal Shape Design of a Container Under Hot Isostatic Pressing by a Finite Element Method
Jeong, Seok-Hwan ; Park, Hwan ; Jeon, Gyeong-Dal ; Kim, Gi-Tae ; Hwang, Sang-Mu ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 9, 2000, Pages 2211~2219
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.9.2211
Near net shape forming of 316L stainless steel powder was investigated under hot isostatic pressing. To simulate densification and deformation of a powder compact in a container during hot isostatic pressing, the constitutive model of Abouaf and co-workers was implemented into a finite element analysis. An optimal design technique based on the design sensitivity was applied to the container design during hot isostatic pressing. The optimal shape of the container was predicted from the desired final shape of a powder compact by iterative calculations. Experimental data of 316L stainless steel powder showed that the optimally designed container allowed precise forming of the desired powder compact during hot isostatic pressing.
A Study on the Development of the Dynamic Photoelastic Hybrid Method for Isotropic Material
Sin, Dong-Cheol ; Hwang, Jae-Seok ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 9, 2000, Pages 2220~2227
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.9.2220
In this paper, dynamic photoelastic hybrid method is developed and its validity is certified. The dynamic photoelastic hybrid method can be used on the obtaining of dynamic stress intensity factors and dynamic stress components. The effect of crack length on the dynamic stress intensity factors is less than those on the static stress intensity factors. When structures are under the dynamic mixed mode load, dynamic stress intensity factor of mode I is almost produced. Dynamic loading device manufactured in this research can be used on the research of dynamic behavior when mechanical resonance is produced and when crack is propagated with the constant velocity
Active steering Control Based on The Estimated Tire Forces
Seo, Chan-Won ; Kim, Jun-Yeong ; Hong, Dae-Geon ; Heo, Geon-Su ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 9, 2000, Pages 2228~2234
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.9.2228
Steering of the vehicles on a slippery highway is a difficult task for most passenger car drivers. The steering vehicles on slippery roads tend to slide outward with less lateral forces than on nor mal roads. When the drivers notice that their vehicles on a slippery highway start to depart from the cornering lane, most of them make a sudden steering and/or braking, which in turn may induce spin-out and instability on their vehicles. In this paper, an active steering control method is proposed such that the vehicles in slippery roads are steered as if they are driven on the normal roads. In the proposed method, the estimated lateral forces acting on the steering tires are compared with the reference values and the difference is compensated by the active steering method. A fuzzy logic controller is designed for this purpose and evaluated on a steering Hardware-In-the-Loop Simulation (HILS) system. Steering performance results on the slippery curved and sinus roads demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed controller. This method can be realized with the steer-by-wire concept and is promising as an active safety technology.
Development of New Rapid Prototyping System Performing both Deposition and Machining (II)
Heo, Jeong-Hun ; Lee, Geon-U ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 9, 2000, Pages 2235~2245
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.9.2235
The necessity of using rapid prototyping(RP) for short-run manufacturing is continuously driving a development of a cost-effective technique that will produce completely-finished quality parts in a very short time. To meet these demands, the improvements in production speed, accuracy, materials, aid cost are crucial. Thus, a new hybrid-RP system performing both deposition and machining in a station is proposed. For the new hybrid RP process to maintain the same degree of process automation as in currently available processes like SLA or FDNI, a sophisticated process planning system is developed. In the process planner, CAD models(STEP AP203) are partitioned into 3D manufacturable volumes called 'Ueposition feature segment"(DFS) after machining features called "machining feature segmenf'(MFS) are extracted from the initial CAD model. Once MFS and DFS are identified, the process planner arranges them into a chain of processes and automatically generates machining information for each DFS and MFS. The goal of this paper is to present a framework for a process planning system for hybrid RP processes and to outline the geometric algorithms involved in developing such an environmentnvironment
Fracture Mechanics Analysis of Cracked Plate Repaired by Patch(II) - The Analysis of Debonding Effect -
Jeong, Gi-Hyeon ; Yang, Won-Ho ; Jo, Myeong-Rae ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 9, 2000, Pages 2246~2251
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.9.2246
Adhesive bonding repair methods has been used for a number of decades for construction of damaged structures. In order to evaluate the life of cracked aging aircraft structures, the repair technique which uses adhesively bonded boron/epoxy composite patches is being widely considered as a cost-effective and reliable method. But, this repair method contains many shortcomings. One of these shortcomings, debonding is major issue. When the adhesive shear stress increases, debonding is caused at the end of patch and plate interface. And this debonding is another defect except cracks propagation. In this paper, we assess safety at the cracked AI-plate repaired by Br/Epoxy composite patch. Firstly, from the view of fracture mechanics, reduction of stress intensity factors is determined by the variety of patch feature. Secondly, using the elastic analysis and finite element analysis, the distribution of adhesive shear stresses is acquired. Finally, The problem of how to optimize the geometric configurations of the patch has been discussed.
Stress Intensity Factor Analysis of Nozzle Considering Pressure and Heat Transfer on Crack Face
Jeong, Min-Jung ; Kim, Yeong-Jin ; Gang, Gi-Ju ; Beom, Hyeon-Gyu ; Pyo, Chang-Ryul ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 9, 2000, Pages 2252~2258
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.9.2252
In order to investigate the effect of nozzle on stress concentration in pressure vessels, three dimensional finite element analyses were performed. The results were compared with those for corresponding two dimensional axisymmetric finite element analyses. A three dimensional finite element model with a surface crack was also designed to evaluate the effect of internal pressure and heat transfer on crack face, and the resulting stress intensity factors from the finite element analyses were compared with those for ASME Sec. XI and Raju-Newman's stress intensity factor solution. As a result, the validity of currently available stress intensity factor solutions for a surface crack was reviewed in the presence of geometrical complexity, heat transfer and internal pressure.
Dynamic Analysis of a Rotating Blade Considering the Fluid Induced Exteral Force
Seo, Seok ; Yu, Hong-Hui ; Yun, Jun-Yong ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 9, 2000, Pages 2259~2265
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.9.2259
A dynamic modeling of a rotating pretwist blade which interacts with the fluid is proposed in this study. The hybrid deformation variable modeling method is employed to derive the equations of motion. The external force and moment induced by the fluid (with fixed configurations of the blade) are obtained by fluid flow analysis and tabulated in a database. This database is efficiently utilized to save the computational effort to calculate the dynamic response of the blade. The numerical results show that the fluid affects the transient response as well as frequency characteristics of the system
Dynamics Analysis of a Multi-beam System Undergoing Overall Rigid Body Motion Employing Finite Element Method
Choe, Sin ; Yu, Hong-Hui ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 9, 2000, Pages 2266~2273
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.9.2266
Equations of motion of a multi-beam system undergoing overall rigid body motion are derived by employing finite element method. An orientation angle is employed to allow the arbitrary orientation o f the beam element. Modal coordinate reduction technique, which has been successfully utilized in the conventional linear modeling method, is employed for the present modeling method to reduce the computational effort. Different from the conventional linear modeling method, the present modeling method captures the motion-induced stiffness variations which are important for the dynamic analysis of structures undergoing overall rigid body motion. The numerical results are compared to those of a commercial program to verify the reliability of the present method.
Semiactive MR Fluid Suspension System Using Frequency Shaped LQ Control
Kim, Gi-Deok ; Jeon, Do-Yeong ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 9, 2000, Pages 2274~2282
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.9.2274
An MR(Magneto-Rheological) fluid damper is designed and applied to the semi-active suspension system of a 1/4 car model. The damping constant of the MR damper changes according to input current and the time delay of the damper is included in the system dynamics. The passive method, LQ control and Frequency shaped LQ control are compared in experiments. The advantage of the proposed frequency shaped LQ control is that the ride comfort improves in frequency range from 4 to 8Hz where human body is most sensitive and the driving safety improves around the resonance frequency of unsprung mass, 11Hz. The experiments using a 1/4 car model show the effectiveness of the algorithm.
Automatic Determination of Crack Opening Loading under Random Loading by the Use of Neural Network
Gang, Jae-Yun ; Song, Ji-Ho ; Kim, Jeong-Yeop ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 9, 2000, Pages 2283~2291
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.9.2283
The neural network method is applied to automatically measure the crack opening load under random loading. The crack opening results obtained are compared with the visual measured results. Fatigue crack growth under random loading is predicted using the crack opening data measured by the neural network method, and the prediction results are compared with experimental ones. It is found that the neural network method can be successfully applied to consistently measure the crack opening load under random loading and also gives some results different from the results by visual measurement.
4절점 응축 셸 요소를 이용한 복합재 적층 구조물의 전단응력 예측
Choe, Nu-Ri ; Lee, Byeong-Chae ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 9, 2000, Pages 2292~2301
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.9.2292
We propose an accurate and efficient estimation method of transverse shear stresses for analysis and design of laminated composite structures by 4-node quadrilateral degenerated shell elements. To get proper distributions of transverse shear stresses in each layer, we use 3-dimensional equilibrium equations instead of constitutive equations with shear correction factors which vary diversely according to the shapes of shell sections. Three dimensional equilibrium equations are integrated through the thickness direction with complete polynomial membrane stress fields, which are recovered by REP (Recovery by Equilibrium in Patches) recovery method. The 4-node quadrilateral degenerated shell element used in this paper has drilling degrees of freedom and shear stresses derived from assumed strain fields that are set up at natural coordinate systems. The numerical results demonstrate that the proposed estimation method attains reasonable accuracy and efficiency compared with other methods and FE analysis using 4-node degenerated shell elements.
Active Noise Control In a Cylindrical Cavity
Lee, Ho-Jun ; Park, Hyeon-Cheol ; Hwang, Un-Bong ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 9, 2000, Pages 2302~2312
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.9.2302
An active control of the transmission of noise through an aircraft fuselage is investigated numerically. A cylinder-cavity system was used as a model for this study. The fuselage is modeled as a fi nite, thin shel cylinder with constant thickness. The sound field generated by an exterior monopole source is transmitted into the cavity through the cylinder. Point force actuators on the cylinder are driven by error sensor that is placed in 3D cavity. Modal coupling theory is used to formulate the numerical models and describe the system behavior. Minimization of the acoustic potential energy in the fuselage is carried out as a performance index. Continuous parameter genetic algorithm is used to search the optimal actuator position and both results are compared.
Stress Analysis of a Curved Beam Plate by using Photoelastic Fringe Phase Shifing Technique
Baek, Tae-Hyeon ; Kim, Myeong-Su ; Kim, Su-Il ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 9, 2000, Pages 2313~2318
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.9.2313
The method of photoelasticity allows one to obtain principal stress differences and principal stress directions in a photoelastic model. In the classical approach, the photoelastic parameters are measured manually point by point. This is time consuming and requires skill in the identification and measurement of photoelastic data. Fringe phase shifting method has been recently developed and widely used to measure and analyze fringe data in photo-mechanics. This paper presents the test results of photoelastic fringe phase shifting method for the stress analysis of a curved beam plate. The technique used here requires four phase stepped photoelastic images obtained from a circular polariscope by rotating the analyzer at 0˚, 45˚, 90˚ and 135˚. Experimental results are compared with those of ANSYS and calculated by the simple beam theory. Good agreement among the results can be observed.
Effects of Inclusions on Fracture Toughness for 1%CrMoV Rotor Steel
Jeong, Sun-Eok ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 9, 2000, Pages 2319~2325
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.9.2319
This thesis studied that seven kinds of residual elements(inclusions) had influenced on fracture toughness(
) obtained by Begley-Logsdon and Rolfe-Novak model equation using tensile an d impact test data of I%CrMoV HP(high pressure) rotor steel.
design curve of ASME and fracture surface by SEM were also considered, obtained results are summarized as follows
was linearly increased with increase of temperature, effect of the inclusions was significantly over FATT.
at lower shelf temperature was quantitatively related to yield strength and was agreed well with Begley's equation. It was difficult to determine
because of specimen size and tester capacity at upper shelf temperature, but for this view point Rolfe-Novak's equation was useful. The degree of brittle fracture was dependent on FATT fundamentally, adding S, Sb to matrix decreased impact energy and adding Cu, As increased yield(tensile) strength, and the influence of the others minority inclusion was comparatively insignificant.
Application of Monkman-Grant Relationships to Type 316L(N) Stainless Steel
Kim, U-Gon ; Kim, Dae-Hwan ; Ryu, U-Seok ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 9, 2000, Pages 2326~2333
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.9.2326
Creep tests for type 316L(N) stainless steel were carried out using constant-load creep machines at 55
. Material constants necessary to predict creep rupture time were obtained from the experimental creep data. And the applicability of Monkman-Grant(M-G) and modified M-G relationships was discussed. The log-log plot of M-G relationship between the rupture time(
,) and the minimum creep rate ($
_m$) was dependent on test temperatures. The slope of m was 1,05 at 55
and m was 1.30 at
. On the other hand, the log-log plot of modified M-G relationship between $t_r/
_r$, and $
_m$ was independent on stresses and temperatures. That is, the slope of m＇ was approximately 1.35 in all the data. Thus, modified M-G relationship for creep life prediction could be utilized more reasonably than that of M-G relationship for type 316L(N) stainless steel. It was analyzed that the constant slopes regardless of temperatures or applied stresses in the modified relationship were due to an intergranular fracture grown by wedge-type cavities.
Free Vibration Analysis of a T Joint Using Thin-Walled Beam and Shell Elements
Kim, Jin-Hong ; Kim, Hyeon-Seok ; Kim, Yun-Yeong ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 9, 2000, Pages 2334~2343
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.9.2334
This paper proposes an efficient beam-shell modeling technique for the free vibration analysis of a T-joint thin-walled beam structure. Except a small portion of a T-joint which is modeled by shell elements, the structure is modeled by thin-walled beam elements that can describe warping and distortion. In order to match the shell and thin-walled beam elements at the interface of the dissimilar elements, a technique based on a pseudo inverse matrix is formulated. This paper also examines the role of the thin-walled element taking into account the distortion and warping deformation degrees of freedom in predicting accurately the dynamic characteristics of a T-joint thin-walled structure.
가중함수법에 의한 볼트 체결부 균열의 임계 경사각 결정에 관한 연구
Heo, Seong-Pil ; Yang, Won-Ho ; Jeong, Gi-Hyeon ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 9, 2000, Pages 2344~2352
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.9.2344
Mechanical joints such as bolted or riveted joints are widely used in mechanical components. The reliable determination of the stress intensity factors for cracks in bolted joints is needed to evaluate the safety and fatigue life of them. The weight function method is an efficient technique to calculate the stress intensity factors for various loading conditions because only the stress analysis of an uncracked model is required. In this paper the mixed-mode stress intensity factors for cracks in bolted joints are obtained by weight function method, in which the coefficients of weight function are determined by finite element analyses for reference loadings. Critical inclined angle that mode I stress intensity factor becomes maximum is determined and the effects of crack length and the magnitude of clearance on critical inclined angle are investigated.
A Statistical Analysis on Fatigue Life Distribution in Spheroidal Graphite Cast Iron
Jang, Seong-Su ; Kim, Sang-Tae ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 9, 2000, Pages 2353~2360
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.9.2353
Statistical fatigue properties of metallic materials are increasingly required for reliability design purpose. In this study, static and fatigue tests were conducted and the normal, log-normal, two -parameter Weibull distributions at the 5% significance level are compared using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov goodness-of-fit test. Parameter estimation were compared with experimental results using the maximum likelihood method and least square method. It is found that two-parameter Weibull distribution and maximum likelihood method provide a good fit for static and fatigue life data. Therefore, it is applicable to the static and fatigue life analysis of the spheroidal graphite cast iron. The P-S-N curves were evaluated using log-normal distribution, which showed fatigue life behavior very well.
SI Engine Closed-loop Spark Advance Control Using Cylinder Pressure
Park, Seung-Beom ; Yun, Pal-Ju ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 9, 2000, Pages 2361~2370
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.9.2361
The introduction of inexpensive cylinder pressure sensors provides new opportunities for precise engine control. This paper presents a control strategy of spark advance based upon cylinder pressure of spark ignition engines. A location of peak pressure(LPP) is the major parameter for controlling the spark timing, and also the UP is estimated, using a multi-layer feedforward neural network, which needs only five pressure sensor output voltage samples at -40˚, -20˚, 0˚, 20˚, 40˚ after top dead center. The neural network plays an important role in mitigating the A/D conversion load of an electronic engine controller by increasing the sampling interval from 10 crank angle(CA) to 20˚ CA. A proposed control algorithm does not need a sensor calibration and pegging(bias calculation) procedure because the neural network estimates the UP from the raw sensor output voltage. The estimated LPP can be regarded as a good index for combustion phasing, and can also be used as an MBT control parameter. The feasibility of this methodology is closely examined through steady and transient engine operations to control individual cylinder spark advance. The experimental results have revealed a favorable agreement of individual cylinder optimal combustion phasing.
Development of Proximity Exposure System with Vertical Structure for Plasama Display Panel
Park, Jeong-Gyu ; Jeong, Su-Hwa ; Lee, Hang-Bu ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 9, 2000, Pages 2371~2380
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.9.2371
In this paper, we developed the proximity exposure system with the vertical structure of glass and mask stage to minimize the mask's warp caused by the pull of gravity. This system, which canirradiate the ultra violet through 1440 H 850
and 1330X 1015
exposure area, has the followingcharacteristics. The glass stage can be inclined by 80 degrees at vertical structure to load substrate withsafety on it. When the glass stage is the vertical state, the gap control, alignment control and exposureof ultra violet are executed. So, it enhances the pattern uniformity by minimizing the mask's warp. Theglass stage can also control the gap between the mask and the substrate by the coarse and fine motioncontrol. The mask stage can adjust the posture of photomask to the position of substrate by imageprecessing method. The galss stage for the gap control and the mask stage for the alignment aredesigned independently for each function.
Standardization of Surface Replication Procedures for Life Assessment of High Temperature Facilities
Park, Jong-Seo ; Lee, Hae-Mu ; Baek, Un-Bong ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 9, 2000, Pages 2381~2386
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.9.2381
Surface replication is playing an important role in the assessment of creep damage and remaining life of high temperature components. As the replication procedures, however, have not been standardized in domestic industry, its standardization is proposed in this study. For this purpose, the 2.25Cr-IMo steel was heat treated(5 min at 1,300 0C and oil quenched) to produce a simulated HAZ microstructure, and crept in air at 575 0C and under 120 MPa to produce artificial cavities. Then, the effect of surface preparation procedures on the quality of replicas was investigated using this sample. As a result, it was demonstrated that the presence of cavities may be observed readily or missed depending on the surface preparation procedures followed. Therefore it is essential to repeat three polishing/etching cycles at least in order to reveal cavitation damage accurately, even though it may be tedious or time-consuming.
Wear and Operation Characteristics of Acetal and Nylon Pinion Against Steel Gear
Kim, Chung-Hyeon ; Lee, Seong-Cheol ; An, Hyo-Seok ; Jeong, Tae-Hyeong ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 9, 2000, Pages 2387~2396
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.9.2387
Wear and operation characteristics of Nylon and Acetal pinion against steel gear were studied to gain a better understanding of their tribological and mechanical behavior. Tests were conducted with power circulating gear test rig under unlubricated conditions. Specific wear rates were measured as a function of applied load and total revolution. The worn tooth surfaces were examined with a profile projector and camera. Nylon pinion showed lower specific wear rates than Acetal pinion, but it revealed breakage at high load. Principal wear depths were developed at tooth tip and below the pitch line of pinion. Life estimation for the Nylon pinion was made by taking into account steel gear equivalent Hertz stress and average sliding velocity. The dominant wear mechanisms were adhesion and abrasion
대변형 해석에서 평활화를 이용한 사면체 요소망의 재조성
Gwon, Gi-Hwan ; Chae, Su-Won ; Sin, Sang-Yeop ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 24, issue 9, 2000, Pages 2397~2405
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-A.2000.24.9.2397
The remeshing is a method to replace a distorted mesh by a new mesh without interrupting the finite element calculation. The remeshing procedure in this paper refers to the rezoning, for which a sm oothing process is developed to alleviate the distortions of mesh. In the paper, an automatic finite element rezoning system with tetrahedral elements for large deformation analysis has been developed. Our smoothing process is composed of two steps, a surface smoothing and a volume smoothing. In the surface smoothing, checking the dihedral angle and projection on surface patch reduced the change of shape and nodes penetrating die. The constrained Laplacian smoothing has been employed for the volume smoothing process. The state variables are mapped from old mesh to new mesh by using volume coordinates within a tetrahedral element. All these procedures have been linked to the NIKE3D program As illustrated in the examples the overall strategy ensures a robust and efficient rezoning scheme for finite element simulation of metal-forming processes