Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 12 - Dec 2003
Volume 27, Issue 11 - Nov 2003
Volume 27, Issue 10 - Oct 2003
Volume 27, Issue 9 - Sep 2003
Volume 27, Issue 8 - Aug 2003
Volume 27, Issue 7 - Jul 2003
Volume 27, Issue 6 - Jun 2003
Volume 27, Issue 5 - May 2003
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Apr 2003
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Mar 2003
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Feb 2003
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Jan 2003
Selecting the target year
Measurements of Film Thickness and Temperature Distribution in Dimple Zone Developed in EHL Point Contact at High Slip Ratios
Kim, Sung-Gi ; Kazuyuki Yagi ; Tsunamitsu Nakahara ; Keizi Kyougoku ; Kim, Kyung-Woong ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 27, issue 4, 2003, Pages 479~484
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2003.27.4.479
In this paper, film thickness and temperature distribution are measured in EHL point contact at high slip ratios. Infrared temperature mapping with two band pass fillers. proposed by Ausherman (1976). is used to measure temperature distribution. And the optical interferornetric method with two filters (red and green filters) is used to measure film thickness. Result of experiment showed that temperature rising at film and ball surface occurred very dramatically in Dimple zone. As slip velocity, slip ratio and load increased, size of Dimple and temperature rising became more large In addition, Position and shape of Dimple we changed by slip ratios, and increasing of Dimple size decreased traction coefficient. In short, it is appointed that the Dimple phenomenon be developed by the effect of viscosity wedge.
Fabrication of a Brain Model using the Adaptive Slicing Technique
Yeom, Sang-Won ; Um, Tai-Joon ; Joo, Yung-Chul ; Kim, Seung-Woo ; Kong, Yong-Hae ; Chun, In-Gook ; Bang, Jae-Chul ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 27, issue 4, 2003, Pages 485~490
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2003.27.4.485
RP(Rapid Prototyping) has been used in the various industrial applications. This paper presents the optimization techniques fur fabricated 3D model design using RP machine for the medical field. Once the original brain model data are obtained from 2D slices of MRI/CT machine, the data can be modeled as an optimal ellipse. The objective of this study includes optimization of fabrication time and surface roughness using the adaptive slicing method. It can reduce fabrication time without losing surface roughness quality by accumulating the slices with variable thickness. According to the parameter tuning and synthesis of its effect, more suitable parameter values can be obtained by enhanced 3D brain model fabrication. Therefore, accurate 3D brain model fabricated by RP machine can enable a surgeon to perform pre-operation. to make a decision for the operation sequence and to perceive the 3D positions in prototype, before delicate operation of actual surgery.
Dynamic Characteristics of an Epicyclic Gear Train Considering Coriolis Effect
Youn, In-Seong ; Cheon, Gill-Jeong ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 27, issue 4, 2003, Pages 491~498
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2003.27.4.491
In this paper, dynamic characteristics of an epicyclic gear train considering Coriolis effect have been studied. High speed transmissions such as in an aircraft engines will be strongly influenced by Coriolis effect. Gear meshes were modelled as springs and dampers with periodically varying mechanical constants with time. The loci of planet gear, sun gear. and carrier were analyzed. Maximum values of mesh forces between sun gear and planet gear(S/P) as well as between planet gear and ring gear(P/R) have been simulated as function of rotating speed.
A System Decomposition Technique Using A Multi-Objective Genetic Algorithm
Park, Hyung-Wook ; Kim, Min-Soo ; Choi, Dong-Hoon ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 27, issue 4, 2003, Pages 499~506
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2003.27.4.499
The design cycle associated with large engineering systems requires an initial decomposition of the complex system into design processes which are coupled through the transference of output data. Some of these design processes may be grouped into iterative subcycles. In analyzing or optimizing such a coupled system, it is essential to determine the best order of the processes within these subcycles to reduce design cycle time and cost. This is accomplished by decomposing large multidisciplinary problems into several sub design structure matrices (DSMs) and processing them in parallel This paper proposes a new method for parallel decomposition of multidisciplinary problems to improve design efficiency by using the multi-objective genetic algorithm and two sample test cases are presented to show the effect of the suggested decomposition method.
Residual Stress Estimation and Deformation Analysis for Injection Molded Plastic Parts using Three-Dimensional Solid Elements
Park, Keun ; Ahn, Jong-Ho ; Yim, Chung-Hyuk ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 27, issue 4, 2003, Pages 507~514
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2003.27.4.507
Most of CAE analyses for injection molding have been based on the Mele Shaw`s approximation: two-dimensional flow analysis. in some cases, that approximation causes significant errors due to loss of the geometrical information as well as simplification of the flow characteristics in the thickness direction. Although injection molding analysis software using three-dimensional solid elements has been developed recently, such as Moldflow Flow3D, it does not contain a deformation analysis function yet. The present work covers three-dimensional deformation analysis or injection molded plastic parts using solid elements. A numerical scheme for deformation analysis has bun proposed from the results of injection molding analysis using Moldflow Flow3D. The accuracy of the proposed approach has been verified through a numerical analysis of rectangular plates with various thicknesses in comparison with the classical shell-based approach. In addition, the reliability of the approach has also been proved through an industrial example. an optical plastic lens, in comparison of real experiments.
A Study on the Measurement for the Recovery Stress of Intelligent Composite by Experiment
Hawong, Jai-Sug ; Lee, Hyo-Jae ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 27, issue 4, 2003, Pages 515~523
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2003.27.4.515
Shape memory is physical phenomenon which a platically metal is restored to its original shape by a solid state phase change by heating. TiNi alloy the most effective material in the shape memory alloy(SMA). To study(measure) recovery stress of intelligent composite. Ti50-Ni50 shape memory matrix with prestrain SMA fiber. When SMA fiber of the intelligent composite is heated over austenite starting temperature(As) by electric heating. a recovery stress are generated. The recovery stress of the intelligent composite was measured by strain gage or photoelastic experiment. Measuring method of recovery stress by photoelastic experiment was developed in this research. It was certified that photoelastic experiment was more effective and more precise than strain gage method in the measurement of recovery stress.
An Analysis on Brazier Effect of Cylindrical Tubes Under Pure Bending by Upper Bound Method
Koo, Sang-Wan ; Kim, Nak-Soo ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 27, issue 4, 2003, Pages 524~530
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2003.27.4.524
This paper presents a new model on deformation characteristics of cylindrical tubes under pure bending. The model is based on the upper bound method that minimizes total strain energy of a system. It does not assume inextensibility condition. Geometric relations and displacement fields are derived by analysis of deformation behaviors of elastic tubes. Simulations are calculated using numerical optimization and integration techniques. The results give information about cross-sectional deformation of cylindrical tubes. Simulation results are compared with available data in literatures, which show that this method predicts deformation characteristics of tube bending process.
A Study on Radiation Characteristic for Railway Noise
Kim, Jae-Chul ; Moon, Kyeong-Ho ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 27, issue 4, 2003, Pages 531~536
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2003.27.4.531
In order to control the railway noise. we should know the radiation characteristic of the noise during the train passage Generally, the railway noise sources for conventional trains are classified by the rolling noise and power unit noise in tangent track. In this Paper. we describe on a train model that is considered to be a row of point sources to calculate the radiation characteristic The calculation results are compared with short distance measurement of three kinds of trains (EMU, Mookungwha, Saemaul). It is shown that the radiation characteristic of the rolling noise that is major noise source of electric multiple unit is dipole type. We know that characteristic of the engine noise is radiated as the cosine type.
Fault Detection and Damage Pattern Analysis of a Gearbox Using the Power Spectra Density and Artificial Neural Network
Lee, Sang-Kwon ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 27, issue 4, 2003, Pages 537~543
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2003.27.4.537
Transient vibration generated by developing localized fault in gear can be used as indicators in gear fault detection. This vibration signal suffers from the background noise such as gear meshing frequency and its harmonics and broadband noise. Thus in order to extract the information about the only gear fault from the raw vibration signal measured on the gearbox this signal is processed to reduce the background noise with many kinds of signal-processing tools. However, these signal-processing tools are often very complex and time waste. Thus. in this paper. we propose a novel approach detecting the damage of gearbox and analyzing its pattern using the raw vibration signal. In order to do this, the residual signal. which consists of the sideband components of the gear meshing frequent) and its harmonics frequencies, is extracted from the raw signal by the power spectral density (PSD) to obtain the information about the fault and is used as the input data of the artificial neural network (ANN) for analysis of the pattern of gear fault. This novel approach has been very successfully applied to the damage analysis of a laboratory gearbox.
Contact Modeling of Arbitrary Shaped Bodies in Space
Park, Su-Jin ; Shin, Ki-Bong ; Sohn, Jeong-Hyun ; Yoo, Wan-Suk ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 27, issue 4, 2003, Pages 544~550
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2003.27.4.544
The contact analyses of arbitrary shaped spatial bodies are important in the study of multi-body dynamics. This paper presents a method fur calculating contact force between bodies in space. At each integration time step, the proposed method finds potential contact points on bodies and then calculates the penetration, the velocity of penetration, and the contact force. A continuous analysis method is adopted to calculate the contact force. To get contact points accurately on their outlines, a new algorithm is developed. The proposed algorithm is tested and compared the results of DADS. As applications, the contact of two steel balls, spatial pendulums, and the problem of a ball and bat are demonstrated.
Improvement of Computational Efficiency of the Subspace Iteration Method for Large Finite Element Models
Joo, Byung-Hyun ; Lee, Byung-Chai ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 27, issue 4, 2003, Pages 551~558
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2003.27.4.551
An efficient and reliable subspace iteration algorithm using the block algorithm is proposed. The block algorithm is the method dividing eigenpairs into several blocks when a lot of eigenpairs are required. One of the key for the faster convergence is carefully selected initial vectors. As the initial vectors, the proposed method uses the modified Ritz vectors for guaranteering all the required eigenpairs and the quasi-static Ritz vectors for accelerating convergency of high frequency eigenvectors. Applying the quasi-static Ritz vectors, a shift is always required, and the proper shift based on the geometric average is proposed. To maximize efficiency, this paper estimates the proper number of blocks based on the theoretical amount of calculation in the subspace iteration. And it also considers the problems generated in the process of combining various algorithms and the solutions to the problems. Several numerical experiments show that the proposed subspace iteration algorithm is very efficient, reliable ,and accurate.
A New and Efficient C
Laminated Curved Beam Element
Kim, Jin-Gon ; Kang, Sang-Wook ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 27, issue 4, 2003, Pages 559~566
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2003.27.4.559
In this study, we present a new highly accurate two-dimensional curved composite beam element. The present element, which is based on the Hellinger-Reissner variational principle and classical lamination theory, employs consistent stress parameters corresponding to cubic displacement polynomials with additional nodeless degrees to resolve the numerical difficulties due to the spurious constraints. The stress parameters are eliminated and the nodeless degrees are condensed out to obtain the (9x9) element stiffness matrix. It should be noted that the stacking sequences without transverse deformation to the load plane makes a two dimensional analysis of curved composite beams practically useful . Several numerical examples confirm the superior locking-free behavior of the present higher-order laminated curved beam element.
Pressure Control of a Pneumatic Conrol system with a long Transmission Line
Jang, Ji-Seong ; Lee, Kwang-Kuk ; Choi, Myung-Soo ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 27, issue 4, 2003, Pages 567~576
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2003.27.4.567
In this study, a robust controller to control pressure in a pneumatic pressure vessel with a long transmission line is proposed. Frequency response of transmission line using compressible fluid is changed by the flowing state of the fluid. So, it a fixed gain controller designed based on a model supposed the flowing state to a specific state, the performance of the control system could be degraded because of the modelling error. The controller designed in this study is composed of two parts. One is a feedback controller to improve a feedback characteristics and to compensate the influence of the variation of transfer characteristics of a transmission line owing to the change of flowing state and the other is a feedforward controller to regulate command fallowing performance. The experimental results with the designed controller show that the robustness of the control system is achieved regardless of the change of the model or the transmission line. Therefore, the designed controller can be utilized for the Performance improvement of a Pressure control system with a long transmission line using compressible fluid.
Domain Switching Toughening of Ferroelectric Ceramics Subjected to Electric Fields
Jeong, Kyoung-Moon ; Beom, Hyeon-Gyu ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 27, issue 4, 2003, Pages 577~584
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2003.27.4.577
A crack with growth in ferroelectric ceramics under purely electric loading is analyzed. The crack tip stress intensity factor for the growing crack under small-scale conditions is evaluated by employing the model of nonlinear domain switching. The crack tip stress intensity factor increases or decreases with crack growth, depending on the electrical nonlinear behavior and the direction of an applied electric field. It is shown that the ferroelectric material can be either toughened or weakened as the crack grows. The steady state crack growth in ferroelectric ceramics is also discussed.
A Refined Semi-Analytic Sensitivity Study Based on the Mode Decomposition and Neumann Series Expansion (I) - Static Problem -
Cho, Maeng-Hyo ; Kim, Hyun-Gi ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 27, issue 4, 2003, Pages 585~592
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2003.27.4.585
Among various sensitivity evaluation techniques, semi-analytical method(SAM) is quite popular since this method is more advantageous than analytical method(AM) and global finite difference method(FDM). However, SAM reveals severe inaccuracy problem when relatively large rigid body motions are identified fur individual elements. Such errors result from the numerical differentiation of the pseudo load vector calculated by the finite difference scheme. In the present study, an iterative method combined with mode decomposition technique is proposed to compute reliable semi-analytical design sensitivities. The improvement of design sensitivities corresponding to the rigid body mode is evaluated by exact differentiation of the rigid body modes and the error of SAM caused by numerical difference scheme is alleviated by using a Von Neumann series approximation considering the higher order terms for the sensitivity derivatives.
A Refined Semi-Analytic Sensitivity Study Based on the Mode Decomposition and Neumann Series Expansion in Eigenvalue Problem(II) - Eigenvalue Problem -
Kim, Hyun-Gi ; Cho, Maeng-Hyo ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 27, issue 4, 2003, Pages 593~600
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2003.27.4.593
Structural optimization often requires the evaluation of design sensitivities. The Semi Analytic Method(SAM) fur computing sensitivity is popular in shape optimization because this method has several advantages. But when relatively large rigid body motions are identified for individual elements. the SAM shows severe inaccuracy. In this study, the improvement of design sensitivities corresponding to the rigid body mode is evaluated by exact differentiation of the rigid body modes. Moreover. the error of the SAM caused by numerical difference scheme is alleviated by using a series approximation for the sensitivity derivatives and considering the higher order terms. Finally the present study shows that the refined SAM including the iterative method improves the results of sensitivity analysis in dynamic problems.
Design and Analysis of Column Type Sensing Element for Large Compact Load Cell
Kang, Dae-Im ; Shin, Hong-Ho ; Kim, Jong-Ho ; Park, Yon-Kyu ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 27, issue 4, 2003, Pages 601~607
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2003.27.4.601
The column type is used as the sensing element of the load cell to measure the large force in the range of 10
N. However. it is not easy to handle the load with large capacity due to its size. It is, therefore, necessary to design a compact load cell with a low aspect ratio. Thus this paper showed the characteristic evaluation of compact load cell with respect to the shape of supporting plate. The supporting plate of the load cell was an annular type with inner(D
) and outer(D
) diameters. Using the strain distribution obtained from FEM. the supporting plate was designed to get the stable output voltage of the load cell. The three designed supporting plates were manufactured, and the result of characteristic experiment of the load cell, using the 10 MN hydraulic force standard machine, was compared with FEM.M.M.
Effect of Interconnected Boundary Between Journal and Thrust Bearings on the Performance of Self-Acting Air-Lubricated Bearings
Kang, Ji-Hoon ; Kim, Sung-Ki ; Kim, Kyung-Woong ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 27, issue 4, 2003, Pages 608~613
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2003.27.4.608
In this paper, the effect of interconnected boundary between journal and thrust bearings on the performance of self-acting air-lubricated bearings is investigated. When journal and thrust bearings have common boundary, conventional boundary condition which assumes that the boundary pressure is equal to atmosphere is no more valid. Instead, new boundary condition by mass conservation at interconnected boundary is needed. To do this, a duct model satisfying mass conservation at interconnected boundary is developed. Using this model, pressure distribution at interconnected boundary is numerically analyzed with changing the volume of interconnecting part. As a result, it is shown that load capacity of thrust bearing can be greatly increased when journal and thrust have a common boundary.
A Study on Hot Deformation Behavior of Bearing Steels
Moon, Ho-Keun ; Lee, Jae-Seong ; Yoo, Sun-Joon ; Joun, Man-Soo ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 27, issue 4, 2003, Pages 614~622
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2003.27.4.614
In this paper, the stress-strain curves of bearing steels at hot working conditions are obtained by hot compression test with a computer controlled servo-hydraulic Gleeble 3800 testing machine and elongations and reductions of area of the bearing steels are also obtained by hot tensile test with a Gleeble 1500 testing machine. Experiments are conducted under the various strain-rates and temperatures and their results are used to obtain the flow stress information. A rigid thermo-viscoplastic finite element method is applied to the multi-stage hot forging process in order to predict temperature distribution of workpiece. The experimental results and the analysis results are used to obtain an optimal hot forging condition.
Analysis of Delamination Behavior on the Stacking Sequence of Prosthetic Foot Keel in Glass fiber Reinforced Laminates
Song, Sam-Hong ; Kim, Cheol-Woong ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 27, issue 4, 2003, Pages 623~631
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2003.27.4.623
It is considered that the application of advanced composite materials to the prostheses for the disables is important to improve their bio-mechanical performance. Particularly, energy storing foot prosthesis is mostly important to restore gait ability of the disables with low-extremity amputation since it could provide propulsion at terminal stance enhancing the disables ability to walk long distance even run and jump. Therefore, the energy storing spring of Prosthetic foot keel under cyclic bending moment use mainly of high strength glass fiber reinforced plastic. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the stacking sequence effect using the delamination growth rate(dA
/dN) of energy storing spring in glass fiber reinforced plastic under cyclic bending moment. The test results indicated that the shape of delamination zone depends on stacking sequence in GFRP laminates. Delamination area(A
) turns out that variable types with the contour increased non-linearly toward the damage zones.nes.
A Study on the Fracture Toughness Improvement of Surface-treated CFRP and Aluminum Composites
Rhee, Kyong-Yop ; Kim, Man-Tae ; Choi, Nak-Sam ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 27, issue 4, 2003, Pages 632~637
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2003.27.4.632
In this study, the effect of surface treatment of CFRP and aluminum on the fracture toughness of CFRP/aluminum composites was investigated. CFRP was surface-treated by Ar
ion beam under oxygen environment, and the aluminum was surface-treated by DC plasma. CFRP was adhesively bonded to aluminum using the secondary bonding procedure. Cracked lap shear specimens were used to determine fracture toughness. Three cases of cracked lap shear specimens were made depending on the surface treatment. The values of fracture toughness of three cases were compared to each other It was found that the fracture toughness of ion beam-treated CFRP/aluminum composites was almost 72 % higher than that of unrented CFRP/aluminum composites. The fracture toughness of CFRP/plasma-treated aluminum composites was 50 % higher than that of untreated CFRP/aluminum composites.s.
Reference Stress Based Fracture Mechanics Analysis for Circumferential Through-Wall Cracked Pipes - Comparison with Pipe Test Data -
Huh, Nam-Su ; Shim, Do-Jun ; Kim, Yun-Jae ; Kim, Young-Jin ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 27, issue 4, 2003, Pages 638~646
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2003.27.4.638
This paper presents experimental validation of the enhanced reference stress based J estimates for circumferential through-wall cracked pipes. recently proposed by authors. Using the pipe test data for circumferential through-wall cracked pipes, the predicted fracture initiation and maximum moments according to the proposed enhanced reference stress method are compared with experimental ones as well as predictions from the R6 method. The results show that both the R6 method and the proposed method give conservative estimates of initiation and maximum moments for circumferential through-wall cracked pipes, compared to experimental data. For longer cracks, the proposed method reduces conservatism embedded in estimated J according to the R6 method, and the resulting predictions are less conservative, compared to those from the R6 method. For shorter cracks, on the other hand, the proposed method reduces possible non-conservatism embedded in estimated J according to the R6 method, and the resulting predictions are slightly more conservative.
Study on the Observability of Calibration System with a Constraint Oprerator
Lee, Min-Ki ; Kim, Tae-Sung ; Park, Kun-Woo ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 27, issue 4, 2003, Pages 647~655
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2003.27.4.647
This paper studies the observability of calibration system with a constraint movement by a constraint operator. The calibration system with the constraint movement need only simple sensing device to check whether the constraint movements are completed within an established range. However, it yields the concern about the poor parameter observability due to the constraint movements. This paper uses the QR-decomposition to find the optimal calibration configurations maximizing the linear independence of rows of a observation matrix. The number of identifiable parameters are examined by the rank of the observation matrix, which represents the parameter observability. The method is applied to a parallel typed machining center and the calibration results are presented. These results verify that the calibration system with low-cost indicators and simple planar table is accurate as well as reliable.