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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 12 - Dec 2004
Volume 28, Issue 11 - Nov 2004
Volume 28, Issue 10 - Oct 2004
Volume 28, Issue 9 - Sep 2004
Volume 28, Issue 8 - Aug 2004
Volume 28, Issue 7 - Jul 2004
Volume 28, Issue 6 - Jun 2004
Volume 28, Issue 5 - May 2004
Volume 28, Issue 4 - Apr 2004
Volume 28, Issue 3 - Mar 2004
Volume 28, Issue 2 - Feb 2004
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Jan 2004
Selecting the target year
Robust Optimal Design of a Decoupled Vibratory Microgyroscope Considering Fabrication Influence
Jeong Hee-Moon ; Ha Sung Kyu ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 28, issue 8, 2004, Pages 1065~1074
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2004.28.8.1065
A robust optimal design considering fabrication influence has been performed for the decoupled vibratory microgyroscope fabricated by the bulk micromachining. For the analysis of the gyroscope, a design tool has been developed, by which user can perform the system level design considering electric signal process and the fabrication influence as well as mechanical characteristics. An initial design of the gyroscope is performed satisfying the performances of scale factor (or sensitivity) and phase delay, which depend on the frequency difference between driving and sensing resonant frequencies. The objective functions are formulated in order to reduce the variances of the frequency difference and the frequency in itself by fabrication error. To certify the results, the standard deviations are calculated through the Monte Caries Simulation (MCS) and compared initial deviation that is measured fabricated gyroscope chip.
Robust Trajectory Control of Robot Manipulators Using Time Delay Estimation and Internal Model Concept
Cho Geon Rae ; Chang Pyung-Hun ; Jung Je Hyung ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 28, issue 8, 2004, Pages 1075~1086
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2004.28.8.1075
In this paper, Time Delay Control(TDC) for robot manipulators is analyzed and its problems are founded. In order to remedy the problems, the enhanced controller is proposed and analyzed. The effect of friction associated with TDC is reported and its cause is presented. Through the analysis, simulation and experiment, it is shown that the friction effect causes serious degradation in control performance and that it is a result of the error of Time Delay Estimation(TDE) in TDC. In order to remedy the problems, TDC combined with Internal Model Control(IMC) concept is proposed. The proposed compensator is effective enough to handle the bad effect of friction, and is so simple and efficient as to match positive attribute of TDC. The simulation and experimental results show the effectiveness of proposed controller against the friction of the robot manipulators.
Adhesion and Friction Forces of Micro Surface Bumps
Cho Sung-San ; Lim Je-Sung ; Park Seungho ; Lee Seungseop ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 28, issue 8, 2004, Pages 1087~1092
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2004.28.8.1087
Adhesion and friction forces influence adversely on performance and durability of MEMS. It has been reported that the adhesion and friction forces can be reduced with the introduction of micro surface bumps into the contacting interfaces. In this study experiments were conducted to investigate comparatively the effect of hemispherical and torus micro bumps on the adhesion and friction forces. It is confirmed that micro bumps reduce the adhesion and friction forces, and their effect is more pronounced with the bumps of smaller outer boundary radius. Moreover, the results shows that the torus bumps exhibit more rapid decrease of the adhesion and friction forces with the decrease in the outer boundary radius of bump than the hemispherical bumps. When the magnitude of adhesion force is same, the torus bumps generate smaller friction force than the hemispherical bumps. The usage of hemispherical and torus bumps to reduce the adhesion and friction forces in MEMS is discussed.
Multiple Simultaneous Specification Control of a High Speed Positioning System Driven by a Brushless D.C. Motor
Kang Bong-Soo ; Kim Soo-Hyun ; Kwak Yoon-Keun ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 28, issue 8, 2004, Pages 1093~1098
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2004.28.8.1093
This paper presents a close-loop feedback control scheme, which can simultaneously satisfy multiple conflicting control performances, for a high speed positioning system driven by a brushless D.C. motor. With the dynamic model of the motor and proportional-plus-derivative feedback controllers selected as sample controllers, the convex combined feedback controller is formulated for implementing a direct-drive manipulator. Experimental results show that the developed multiple simultaneous specification(MSS) controller can meet desired control performances; maximum overshoot and rise time.
The Development of Expert System for Strength Evaluation of TiNi Fiber Reinforced Al Matrix Composite
Park, Young-Chul ; Lee, Dong-Hwa ; Park, Dong-Sung ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 28, issue 8, 2004, Pages 1099~1108
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2004.28.8.1099
In this paper, a study on the development of expert system for Al matrix composite with shape memory alloy fiber is performed to evaluate termomechanical behavior and mechanical properties. Expert system is very useful computer-based analysis system designed to make analysis technique and knowledge conveniently available to a lot of fabricable condition. In the developed system, it is possible to predict termomechanical behavior and mechanical properties for other composite with shape memory alloy fiber. The smartness of the shape memory alloy is given due to the shape memory effect of the TiNi fiber which generates compressive residual stress in the matrix material when heated after being prestrained. For finite element analysis, an analytical model is assumed two dimensional axisymmetric model compared of one fiber and the matrix. To evaluate the strength of composite using FEM, the concept of smart composite was simulated on computer Thus, in this paper, the FEA was carried out at two critical temperature conditions; room temperature and high temperature(363k). The finite element analysis result was compared with the test result for the analysis validity.
A Correlation of Striation Spacing and DHC Velocity in Zr-2.5Nb Tubes
Choi Seung Jun ; Ahn Sang Bok ; Park Soon Sam ; Kim Young Suk ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 28, issue 8, 2004, Pages 1109~1115
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2004.28.8.1109
The objective of this study is to elucidate what governs delayed hydride cracking (DHC) in Zr-2.5Nb tubes by correlating the striation spacings with DHCV(DHC Velocity). To this end, DHC tests were conducted on the compact tension specimens taken from the Zr-2.5Nb tubes at different temperatures ranging from 100 to
with a 3 to 6 data set at each test conditions. The compact tension specimens were electrolytically charged with 27 to 87 ppm H before DHC tests. After DHC tests, the striation spacings and DHCV were determined with the increasing the test temperature and yield strength. The striation spacing and DHCV increased as a function of yield
and the temperature. Since the plastic zone size ahead of the crack tip can be represented by
, we conclude that the striation spacing is governed by the plastic zone size which in turn determines a gradient of hydrogen concentration at the crack tip. The relationship between the plastic zone size and the striation spacing was validated through a complimentary experiment using double cantilever beam specimens. Two main factors to govern DHCV of Zr-2.5Nb tubes are concluded to be hydrogen diffusion and a hydrogen concentration gradient at the crack tip that are controlled by temperature and yield strength, respectively. The activation energy of DHCV in the Zr-2.5Nb tubes is discussed on the basis of temperature dependency of hydrogen diffusion and the striation spacing.
A Study on Improving the Reality of the Vehicle Simulator Based on the Virtual Reality
Choi Young-Il ; Kwon Seong-Jin ; Jang Suk ; Kim Kyu-Hee ; Cho Ki-Yong ; Suh Myung-Won ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 28, issue 8, 2004, Pages 1116~1124
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2004.28.8.1116
In these days, a vehicle simulator has been developed with a VR(Virtual Reality) system. A VR system must provide a vehicle simulator with natural interaction, sufficient immersion and realistic images. In addition, a VR system must present a driver with the realistic driving situation. To achieve these, it is important to obtain a fast and uniform rendering performance regardless of the complexity of virtual worlds. In this paper, the factors to improve the reality for the VR based vehicle simulator have been investigated. For the purpose, the modeling and the rendering methods which offer an improved performance for complex VR applications as the 3D road model have been implemented and verified. Then, we experiment on the influence of graphic and sound factors to the driver, and analyze each result for improving the reality such as the driver's viewport, the form of texture, the lateral distance of the side object, and the sound effect. These factors are evaluated on the driving system which is constructed for qualitative analysis. The research results could be used for improving the reality of the VR based vehicle simulator.
Using an ABS Controller and Rear Wheel Controller for Stability Improvement of a Vehicle
Song, Jeong-Hoon ; Boo, Kwang-Suck ; Lee, Jong-Il ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 28, issue 8, 2004, Pages 1125~1134
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2004.28.8.1125
This paper presents a mathematical model which is about the dynamics of not only a two wheel steering vehicle but a four wheel steering vehicle. A sliding mode ABS control strategy and PID rear wheel control logic are developed to improve the brake and cornering performances, and enhance the stability during emergency maneuvers. The performances of the controllers are evaluated under the various driving road conditions and driving situations. The numerical study shows that the proposed full car model is sufficient to accurately predict the vehicle response. The proposed ABS controller reduces the stopping distance and increases the vehicle stability. The results also prove that the ABS controller can be employed to a four wheel steering vehicle and improves its performance. The four wheel steering vehicle with PID rear wheel controller shows increase of stability when a vehicle speed is high and sharp cornering maneuver when a vehicle speed is low compared to that of a two wheel steer vehicle.
A DNA Microextractor Using Crossed Field Electrophoresis
Yi Soyeon ; Seo Kyoung-Sun ; Cho Young-Ho ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 28, issue 8, 2004, Pages 1135~1139
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2004.28.8.1135
This paper presents a microextractor for the separation of DNA molecules by their sizes. The DNA microextractor immobilizes the DNA molecules of specific size in the micropillar array by adjusting the period of the crossed electric field, thus providing a starting-point independent target DNA extraction method without separation process monitoring. The DNA microextractor has been fabricated by a three-mask micromachining process. The velocity of three different DNA molecules has been measured at the electric field of E=5V/0.8cm in the fabricated DNA microextractor, resulting in the reorientation times of
DNA, micrococcus DNA, and T4 DNA, respectively. T4 DNA is trapped in the micropillar array when the crossed electric field of 5V/0.8cm is applied alternately at a 10 second time interval. The present DNA microextractor filters the DNA in a specific size range by adjusting the magnitude and/or the period of the crossed electric field applied in the micropillar array.
Finite Element Analysis for Die Compaction Process of Cemented Carbide Tool Parts
Hyun ChungMin ; Kwon YoungSam ; Chung SukHwan ; Kim MyoungJin ; Ha SangYul ; Kim KiTae ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 28, issue 8, 2004, Pages 1140~1151
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2004.28.8.1140
This paper reports on the finite elements analysis for die compaction process of cemented carbide tool parts. Experimental data were obtained under die compaction and triaxial compression with various loading conditions. The elastoplastic constitutive equations based on the yield function of Shima and Oyane were implemented into an explicit finite element program (ABAQUS/Explicit) and implicit finite element program (PMsolver/Compaction-3D) to simulate compaction response of cemented carbide powder during die compaction. For simulation of die compaction, the material parameters for Shima and Oyane model were obtained by uniaxial die compaction test. Explicit finite element results were compared with implicit results for cemented carbide powder.
Control Characteristics of Fluid Power Cylinder Moving Up and Down
Yum, Man-Oh ; Yoon, Il-Ro ; Lee, Seok-Young ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 28, issue 8, 2004, Pages 1152~1158
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2004.28.8.1152
In this study a MRAC(model reference adaptive control) for fluid power elevator model system was designed. The MRAC was compared with PI control in case of applying to the elevator model system with constant external load and changing external load. In this case external load was produced by a single fluid power cylinder combined with pressure control valve. In conclusion the MRAC control performance was better than PI control performance because overshoot and steady state error of the elevator model system controlled by the MRAC were not appeared for constant and changing external load.
Micro Cell Counter Integrated with An Oxygen Micropump
Son, Sang-Uk ; Choi, Yo-Han ; Lee, Seung-Seob ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 28, issue 8, 2004, Pages 1159~1165
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2004.28.8.1159
This paper describes fabrication of a micro cell counter integrated with an oxygen micropump and counting experiment with Sephadex G-25 beads (
). The pumping part consisted of a microheater, catalyst (manganese dioxide) enveloped with paraffin, hydrogen peroxide, and microchannel, and the counting part consisted of collimated light, a microwindow, and a phototransistor including an external circuit. The micropump generated oxygen gas by decomposing hydrogen peroxide with manganese dioxide, which was initiated by melting the paraffin with the microheater, and pumped beads in the microchannel. When the beads passed the microwindow, they shaded the collimated light and changed the illumination on the phototransistor, which caused the current variation in the circuit. The signals, according to the bead size, reached up to 22 mV with noise level of 2 mV during 50 seconds and the numbers of peaks were analyzed by magnitude.
Position Control of Capsule Filled with Magnetic Fluid for Targeted Drug Delivery System
Ahn Chang-ho ; Nam Yun-Joo ; Park Myeong-Kwan ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 28, issue 8, 2004, Pages 1166~1173
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2004.28.8.1166
In this paper, in order to apply magnetic fluid with superparamagnetic property as the substitute of ferromagnetic materials, physical properties of magnetic fluid are investigated. A targeted drug delivery system using a capsule filled magnetic fluid is proposed where a magnetic fluid capsule and cylinders are considered as a drug and vital organs, respectively. The dynamic governing equation of this system first is derived. Fluid viscosity, clearance between a cylinder and a magnetic fluid capsule, and levitation height with respect to different cylinder height are considered as major parameters to evaluate dynamic characteristics of the system. The experiments and simulations for the position control of the magnetic fluid capsule in various cylinders are conducted using PID controller. The results show that magnetic fluid with the superparamagnetic property can be applied to a targeted drug delivery system.
Assessment of Structural Stiffness and Fatigue Life in Self-Piercing Rivet(SPR) Joint of Car Body
Kim Min-gun ; Lee Kun-chan ; Lee Byung-jun ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 28, issue 8, 2004, Pages 1174~1182
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2004.28.8.1174
Recently, Self Piercing Rivet(SPR) has been spotlighted in the automotive industry as a substitutive resort of spot welding and has also been watched by the designer as lightening a car body due to their superior assembly processes. Fatigue behavior of SPR joint needs to be investigated experimentally and numerically to predict its structural stiffness and fatigue life. Testing of lap-shear specimens with various material combinations is performed to obtain the joining strength and the fatigue life of SPR connections. The simulation of SPR lap-shear specimens is also conducted to obtain the structural stiffness of SPR connections under different material combinations. A Finite element model of the SPR lap-shear specimen is developed using a FEMFAT SPR pre-processor. The fatigue lift of SPR specimen is predicted using a FEMFAT 4.4e based on the liner finite element analysis.
A Novel Cell Count Method Using Micro Lattice Engraved On A Culture Dish
Son, Sang-Uk ; Choi, Yo-Han ; Lee, Seung-Seob ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 28, issue 8, 2004, Pages 1183~1189
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2004.28.8.1183
A novel cell count method, which can improve the count efficiency and reduce contamination problem, was presented using micro lattice engraved on culture dish. The micro lattice has feature of
line width, and
area. In this paper, nickel mold was fabricated with thickness of 3mm and diameter of 80 mm, and transcription of the micro lattice on a polystyrene cell culture dish was performed by hot embossing at
. The tedious and error-prone harvest/load processes of conventional cell counts with a hemocytometer could be omitted, and these advantages became magnified during periodical counts involving long-term cultures. SupT1 cells and HeLa cells were cultivated with the dish for 7 days in
incubator and counted as
, respectively, during the cultivation without harmful effects on the cells.
Manipulation of Microfluid Width in a Microchannel Using Gas Boundary
Son, Sang-Uk ; Lee, Seung-Seob ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 28, issue 8, 2004, Pages 1190~1195
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2004.28.8.1190
A novel manipulation of microfluid width in a microchannel was presented by controlling inflation of a gas boundary. The gas boundary was formed by heating water with a microheater in a semicircular shape from a chamber which was connected symmetrically to the microchannel. The formed gas boundary inflated perpendicularly to the flow direction and, consequently, the microfluid width was narrowed. The inflation and contraction were flexibly like a virtual wall and dependent on two factors: one is the flow velocity of the microfluid and the other is the pressure inside the gas boundary. Dimensions of the chamber and the microchannel width were determined empirically as same of
for stable operation. The width of microfluid was manipulated manually with the microheater and could be maintained as up to
. The stable focusing began to be distorted when the flow velocity exceeded 17.8 mm/s.
Meshfree Analysis of Elasto-Plastic Deformation Using Variational Multiscale Method
Yeon Jeoung-Heum ; Youn Sung-Kie ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 28, issue 8, 2004, Pages 1196~1202
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2004.28.8.1196
A meshfree multi-scale method has been presented for efficient analysis of elasto-plastic problems. From the variational principle, problem is decomposed into a fine scale and a coarse scale problem. In the analysis only the plastic region is discretized using fine scale. Each scale variable is approximated using meshfree method. Adaptivity can easily and nicely be implemented in meshree method. As a method of increasing resolution, partition of unity based extrinsic enrichment is used. Each scale problem is solved iteratively. Iteration procedure is indispensable for the elasto-plastic deformation analysis. Therefore this kind of solution procedure is adequate to that problem. The proposed method is applied to Prandtl's punch test and shear band problem. The results are compared with those of other methods and the validity of the proposed method is demonstrated.
Development of a Control Method of Traction Control System Using Vehicle Model
Song Jeonghoon ; Kim Heungseob ; Lee Dae Hee ; Son Minhyuk ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 28, issue 8, 2004, Pages 1203~1211
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2004.28.8.1203
A traction control systems (TCSs) composed of either a wheel slip controller or a throttle valve controller or an integrated controller of both systems are proposed in this study. To validatethe dynamic characteristics of a vehicle and TCS, a full car model that can simulate the responses of both front wheel drive (2WD) and four wheel drive (4WD) vehicle is also developed. The wheel slip controller uses a sliding mode control scheme and the throttle valve is controlled by a PID controller. The results shows that tHe brake TCS and the engine TCS achieve rapid acceleration, and reduce slip angle on slippery road. When a vehicle is cornering and accelerating maneuver with the brake or engine TCS, understeer or oversteer occur, depending on the driving conditions. The integrated TCS prevents most of these problems and improves the stability and controllability of the vehicle.
Dynamic Modeling and Analysis of the Washing Machine System with an Automatic Balancer
Oh, Hyuck-Jin ; Lee, U-Sik ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 28, issue 8, 2004, Pages 1212~1220
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2004.28.8.1212
The structural unbalance mass and laundry are the important sources of the severe vibrations of automatic washing machines. In this paper, a mathematical model is developed for the dynamic analysis of the vertical axis automatic washing machines of pulsator-type. In the model, the rigid body motion of tub assembly is represented by six degrees of freedom and the dynamics of automatic hydraulic balancer is represented by one degree of freedom. The fundamental elastic modes of the tub shell and four suspension bars are also taken into account in the mathematical model, based on analytical and experimental modal analysis results. The 12 degrees of freedom equations of motion are derived by using the Lagrange's equations and the present dynamic model is evaluated by comparing the numerical simulation results with experimentally measured data.
A Study on the Safety Estimation of Table Liner for Vertical Roller Mill Using HDM
Lee Dong Woo ; Hong Soon Hyeok ; Cho Seok Swoo ; Joo Won Sik ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 28, issue 8, 2004, Pages 1221~1228
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2004.28.8.1221
The vertical roller mill is the important machine grinding and mixing various crude materials in the manufacturing process of portland cement. Table liner is one of grinding elements of vertical roller mill and is subjected to the cyclic bending stress by rollers load and the centrifugal force by rotation of table. It demands
cycle but has
cycle. It fractures at the edge of grinding path of outside roller. The repair expense for it amounts to
of total maintenance of vertical roller mill. Therefore, this study shows the fracture mechanism of table liner for vertical roller mill using HDM and fatigue analysis and makes the estimation for safety of vertical roller mill.
Application of the Static Photoelastic Experimental Hybrid Method to the Crack Propagation Criterion for Isotropic Materials
Shin Dong-Chul ; Hawong Jai-Sug ; Nam Sung-Su ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 28, issue 8, 2004, Pages 1229~1236
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2004.28.8.1229
The specimen materials used in this research are isotropic epoxy resins. The static photoelastic experiment was applied to them. And then the specimens used in photoelastic experiment were fractured under static load. The static photoelastic experimental hybrid method was introduced and its validity had been assured. Crack propagation criterion used the stress components, which are considered the higher order terms, obtained from the static photoelastic experimental hybrid method was introduced and it was applied to the minimum strain energy density criterion, the maximum tangential stress criterion and mode mixity. Comparing the actual initial angle of crack propagation with the theoretical initial angle of crack propagation obtained from the above failure criterions, the validities of the above two criterions are assured and the optimal distance (r) from the crack-tip is 0.01mm in order to get the initial angle of crack propagation of isotropic epoxy resin.
Study on the Retraction of Anterior Teeth for the Lingual Orthodontics with the Three-Dimensional Finite Element Method
Song Jung-Han ; Huh Hoon ; Park Hyun-Sang ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 28, issue 8, 2004, Pages 1237~1244
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2004.28.8.1237
The orthodontic surgery including lingual orthodontics has recently attracted a person's attention due to its functional and esthetic appreciation. The skeletal anchorage with the miniscrew is newly adopted in the lingual orthodontics to assist the upholding ability. The appliciation needs to understand the mechanism of the orthodontic appliance and its related orthodontic correction for optimal orthodontic treatment. There is, however, few information about the qualitative and quantitative effect of the orthodontic appliance with the miniscrew has not been well identified. In this paper, three dimensional finite element analysis is introduced to the lingual orthodontics in order to investigate the effect of the anterior retraction force on the miniscrew and transpalatal arch wire. The analysis determines the adequate location of the miniscrew and the point of force application of the anchorage system in the lingual orthodontics. The analysis results demonstrate the effect of the position of the miniscrew and the transpalatal arch wire on the lingual orthodontics.